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Third Court house. 

BUILr 1858 

Fourth Court Housl 





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"iiith portraits anH l|togra^hfi:al ^ketche^ 







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General History of the County. 








































-The Situation in 1626 

-Prehistoric Speeulations .... 

-The Erics and their Destruction . 

-Disputed Dominion 

-English Dominion ..... 

-The Period from ]78;i to 1794 

-Sale and Survey ...... 

-The Period from H'JS to ISOO 

-The Period from 1801 to 1806 

-The Period from 1807 to 1812 

-The War of 1812 

-From the War to the Canal .... 

-Progress, Inttalion, and " Hard Times" 

-The Period from 1840 to 1861 

-During and since the War .... 

-First and Fifth Infantry .... 

-Seventh Infantry ...... 

-Eighth, Fourteenth, and Seventeenth Infantry 

-The Twenty-third Infantry .... 

-Twenty-fourth. Twenty-seventh, and Thirty-sev 
enth Infantry, etc. ..... 

-Forty-first Infantry ..... 

■Forty-second, Forty-third, and Fifty-second In 
fantry ....... 

-Fifty-fourth, Fifty-eighth, and Sixtieth Infantry 

-Sixty-first, Sixty-fifth, and Sixty-seventh In- 
fantry .... 

-Eighty-fourth, Eighty-sixth, and Eighty-seventh 
Infantry, etc. ...... 

-One Hundred and Third Infantry, etc. 

-One Hunilred and Seventh Infantry, etc. 

-One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Infantrv . 

-One Hundred and Twenty-fifth and One Hundro 
and Twenty-eighth Infantry 

-One Hundred and Twenty-ninth and One Hundrei 
and Fiftieth Infantry 

-The One-Year Infantry Regiment 

-The .Sharpshooters 

-Second and Sixth Cavalry, etc. 

-Tenth and Twelfth Cavalry . 

■First Light .\rtillery, etc. 

-The Independent Batteries, etc. 

-The Press .... 

-Colleges .... 

-Various Societies, etc. . 

-The National Guard, etc. 

-Census Notes 

-Cuyahoga County Civil List 

-CJcology .... 



























The City of Cleveland. 

-The First Four Years . 

-The Village from 1800 to 1815 

-The Village from 1815 to 1825 

-From 1825 to the City Charter 

-An Outline of Later Years . 

-Protestant Episcopal Churches 

-The Methodist Churches 

-The Presbyterian Churches . 

-The Baptist and Disciple Churche; 

-Roman Catholic Churches, etc. 

-The Congregational Churches 

-Evangelical and other Churches 

-Benevolent Institutions 

-The Masons .... 

-Odd-Fellows and Knights of Pythias 

-Foresters, Knights of Honor, and Clubs 

■Board of Trade, Banks, etc. . 

-Miscellaneous Departments and Institut 


-Schools and Libraries 

-The Cleveland Bar 

-Cleveland Civil List 

■Biographical Sketches 

" " (continued) 


The Townships. 



-Bedford . 



-Brecksville . 


-Brooklyn . 



-Chagrin Falls . 


-Dover . 



-East Cleveland 



-Euclid . 









— Middleburg . 



—New burg 



— Olmstead 






—Parma . 



— Rockport 



— Royalton 



— Solon 



— Strongsville . 



— Warreusville . 






B Z O C3- 1?. JL ^^ HI X O ^ 3Li. 

John W. Allen . 
Sherlock J. Andrews 
William W. Armstrong 
Elbert Irving Baldwin 
Melancthon Barnett . 
(leorge A. Benedict 
Hamilti>u Fisk Biggar 
William Bowler . 
\\\n Bradley 
Francis Branch . 
Gains Burk 
Stevenson Burke 


Leonard Case 
Selah Chamberlain 
Henry Chisholm 
William Chisholm 
Ahira Cobb 
•Tames M. Coffinberr' 
William Collins . 
Edwin Weed Cowle.- 
Edwin Cowles . 
Samuel Cowles . 
D. W. Cross 
John Crowcll 





John Henry Deveicux 34S 

\YilUani II. Doan 350 

Daniel P. Eells 351 

Sylvester T. Everett 352 

James Farmer .......... 353 

Seneca 0. Griswold ......... 354 

Edwin B. Hale 354 

Truman P. Handy 355 

Benjamin Harrington ........ 356 

Henry J. Herrick ......... 357 

Rensselaer R. Herrick 358 

Orlando J. Hodge 359 

Geo. William Howe 360 

James M. Hoyt . . 361 

Hinman B. Hurlijut 362 

John Hutchins .......... 363 

Levi Johnson .......... 3G3 

Alfred Kelley 364 

Thomas M. Kelley 365 

Charles Gregory King ........ 366 

Zenas King 366 

Jared Potter Kirtland 367 

David Long ... ...... 367 

Robert F. Paine 36S 

Richard C. Parsons 369 

Henry B. Payne 370 

Frederick William Pelton 371 

Jacob Perkins .......... 372 

Nathan Perry .......... 373 

Houston H. Poppleton 373 

Thomas Quaylc 374 

Daniel P. Rhodes 375 

Ansel Roberts 377 

John P. Robison 378 

William G. Rose 379 

James Henry Salisbury 379 

John C. Sanders ." 381 


William Johnson Scott ........ 382 

Elias Sims ........... 383 

A braham D. Slaght 383 

Amasa Stone .......... 384 

Andros B. Stone 385 

Worthy S. Streator 38B 

Peter Thatcher 387 

Amos Townsend 388 

Oscar Townsend 389 

Jephtha H. Wade 390 

Samuel Williamson . . . 392 

1 Hiram V. Willson 393 

, Rufus King Winslow 394 

Reuben Wood 395 

Timothy Doane Cruckc] 395 

Rufus P. Ranney 397 

Theodore Breck lacing 410 

Moses Hunt " 412 

Moses Mathews •■ 414 

Isaiab W. Fish ■•416 

Martin Kellogg ■• 422 

Abel 8. Hinckley 424 

Harvey W. Curtiss 434 

L. 6. Porter facing 440 

John Doane .......... 450 

Col. Ezra Eddy facing 46S 

Frederick Willson 470 

.John Baldwin facing 472 

Henrv Parker ........ " 476 

A. P."Knowlton •• 47S 

David .Johnson Stearns ........ 491 

Amos Boynton .......... 495 

John P. Spencer facing 504 

Lewis Nicholson ........ " 506 

Israel D. Wagar 509 

Aianson Pomeroy ......... 527 



Cuyahoga County Court-Houses (Frontisjiic'e) . facing title.^ 

Portrait of R. R. Herrick (steel) 

Outline Map of Cuyahoga County 

13 .V 

" E. I. Baldwin '• 

Portrait of Nathan Perry (steel) 


" H. F. Biggar 

" H. V. Willson " 


J " William Bowler '• 
-/ •• A. Bradley 

John Crowell 


" S. J. Andiews '• 


A. Cobb 

" R. P. Ranney " 


D. W. Cross 

H. B. Payne 


J. H. Devcreux '■ 

" Stevenson Burke (steel) 


S. 0. Griswold •• 

William Collins 


11. J. Herrick '■ 

Geo. A. Benedict " 


George W. Howe ■* 

R. C. Parsons 


C. G. King 

Edwin Cowles " 

between 194. 195 

R. F. Paine . 

•' Edwin W. Cowles " 

194. 195 

. 11. H. Poppleton (steel) 
"^ •■ Thomas Quayle 

" Jacob Perkins " 

lacing 202 

J. P. Robison " 


Ansel Roberts " 

Amos Townsend 


J. H. Salisbury " 

W. S. Streator 


J. C. Sanders 

Geological Map of Cuyahoga County 

214 <■ 

Elias Sims 

Portrait of John Hutchins (steel) 


A. D. Slaght 

Profile Section Across the Cuyahoga \ 


. 217 

Francis Branch 

Portrait of Gen. Moses Cleavcland 

facing 223"^ 

Oscar Townsend 

S. Williamson (steel) 

" 236 

T. D. Crocker 

" B. Harrington " 


S. V. Harkness 

S. Chamberlain " 


Theodore Breck 

Z. King 


Moses Hunt . 

H. B. Hurlbut " 


Moses Mathews 

" James Farmer *' 


Isaiah W. Fish 

J. H. Wade 


Martin Kellogg 

Danl P. Eells " 


Abel S. Hinckley . 

W. H. Doan 


H. W. Curtiss(stcclj 

Peter Thatcher (steel) 


L. G. Porter . 

T. P. Handy 


'• John Doane (steel) 

E. B. Hale 


Col. Ezra Eddy 

S. T. Everett " 


'• Frederick Willson (steel) 

D. P. Rhodes 


John Baldwin . 

A. B. .Stone " 


Henry Parker . 

William Chisholm (steelj 

between 308, 309 

A. P. Knowlton 

Henry Chisholm " 

308, 309 

Gaius Burke . 

A. Stone 

facing 310 

David J. Stearns . 

J. M. Coffinberry 

•' 316 

John P. Spencer 

James M. lloyt " 

" .320 

*• Lewis Nicholson 

F. W. Pelton 


" Israel D. Wagar (steel) 

Wm. G. Rose 


" Aianson Pomeroy 


facing 326 




•' 334 



" 348 

" 354 

" 356 

" 360 


" 36S 




" 3-.S 

" 3S0 

" 382 

" 381> 
" 400 
" 410 
425 .r 




rr^iTE Rnl)iecfc of our history comprises tiic ]iresont 
-*- lorritory of tlie county of Cuyaliogii :iii<l tlip 
acts <)f flic iiili:ilii(;ints of (.li:i,( IcrfitDry- I'^cryt liiui;' 
lying beyond those limits will receive only sucli men- 
tion as may Iw necessary to sliow tlie connection of 
the eliain nf events. 

'I'ho work is naturally diviileil into three portions, 
'i'lie first consists of a general history of the county, 
comprising a cminecteil chronological record of the 
principal events from the earliest accounts down lo 
l\\o year 1879; followed by some statistical matter, 
by condensed histories of the principal regiments an<l 
batteries containing Cuyahoga county soldiers in the 
War for the Union, and by sketches of various organ- 
izations which pertain to the county at large, but an 
account of which cannot well be incor]iorated in the 
continuous record. 

'I'he second part is composed of a histiuT of the 
city of Cleveland constructed on the same plan; that 
is, with a general account of the city's magnilitti^nt 
])rogr('ss from its first permanent setlleinent by the 
whites l,o tlu' ])resent time, acconii)anied with separate 
sketcdies of the various churches, societies, and other 
prominent, institutions within its present corporate 

The t.hiril \y.\rt will be occujiied l)y histories of all 
the townships in the county: each Ix-ing arrangccl on 
the same plan as that of the cily, though necessarily 
occuj)ying far less space, and tlie first settlement by 
the whites being taken as the starting point in each. 

Interspersed am<nig these city and lownshiji histo- 
ries will be found numerous portraits of citizt^ns of 
the county, accompanied by biographieal skeiches, 
together with illustrations of liiiiJdJMgs auil ii:ilur-:il 

The earlier portion of the general history of ihe 
county is necessarily derived entirely from liooks. 
while for the later p.-M-t, contributions have also been 
levied im news[ia[)ers, manuscript i-eeords and per- 
sonal reminiscences. l''or tlu' city a,nd township 
histories we have depiMided pi'ineipally on the three 
last named sources of information, it being seldom 
that we find ci-ystalized in books the fads occurring 
during the present cenlui-y, to which those minor 
histories principally relate. 

In regard to early history, we are under especial 
obligations to fJolonel Charles Whittlesey's •• Karly 
History of Cleveland." As Colonel Whittlesey has 
gone over the same ground, many of the facts nar- 
rated l)y us relating to tlu^ title and survey of the 
Westei-n Ticservc, and the first settlement of the 
county, arc also mentioned by him, although we have 
consulted many other a.nthorities and original manu- 
scripts, and some surviving residc'uts of the county 
previous to the war of ISPi, and liavi' added consid- 
er;d)le to the stores contained in Ihe Colonel's valuable 
repository. The arrangement, tlie language and the 
conclusions ai-e entirely our own. 

We also beg leave to acknowl(Mlg(' our obligations 
to the following volumes, which we have had oc- 
casion to consult during the ])rogress of our work: 
Howe's nistorieal Collections of Ohio; rarknnvn's 
Cionspiracy of Pontiac: Tarkman's Jesuits in North 
America; rarkman's |)isco\ery of Ihe Northwest; 
Bancroft's History of the I'nitcd Stales: Hompiets' 
Expedition against the Ohio liulians; Crawford's 
('ampaign against the Indiansof Sandusky; Lossing's 
Field Book of the War of ISl-.'; Ueid's Ohio in the 
War; Joblin's (Heveland Past and I'rcsent: I''recse's 
Karlv Historv of ( 'levi'laiid Scl Is: lli-ber Kdiie.-i- 

OiitlhieMitp of 


L I A 

General History of Cuyahoga County, 



First, lnf..rni:iti..n-Tlie Neuter Nation- Tin- Kries— Their C'niui.-etii.u 
Witli the Iroiiuois— Their Looatiou— Open Cirmind to the Smith— 
Neighbors im the West-Sliglit Knowledge of the Eries— Ueiiera' 
rharacl^T of the Indians— Meager Authority of Sachems and Chiefs 
—Absence of Property and of Jealousy — Forest and Game. 

The first dcfiuilo knowledge regarding tlie occu- 
pants of the south shore of Lake Erie dates from tlie 
year 1020, wlien Father La Koclie Daillou, a " Recol- 
lot" missionary, preached among tlic Attiwuiular- 
tinkx, more commonly known as the Knhquahs. called 
by the French the Xcuter Xafion. Tliis peculiar 
tribe was principally located in the Canadian penin- 
sula on the north shore of Lake Erie, having, how- 
ever, several outlying villages on tlie east side of the 
Niagara, and extending a short distance from BulTalo 
uj) the soutlieastern side of the lake. 

Before going farther, we may note that at the time 
our story begins, the French had been for twenty- 
three years established on the sliores of the St. 
Tjawrence, the Dutch were already located at the 
mouth of the Hudson, while the Pilgrim Fathers had 
for si.\ years been sternly battling with want, and 
hardshi|), and danger, on the rock-bound shores of 
New England. The jiosition of the French on Ihe 
St. Lawrence gave them a great advantage in jirose- 
cutiug discoveries and estalilishing posts along the 
great lakes, and that adventurous petiple were well 
disposed to make the fullest possible use of their 

P'rom the information obtained by Father Daillon 
during his sojourn among the JVcHfer Nafion, eked 
out by oec;isional reports from straggling French 
hunters and fror/iiois chiefs, it appears that at that 
time all the southern shore of the lake, from the 
mouth of Cattaraugus creek, in New York, to the 
vicinity of Sandusky bay, was occupied by a powerful 
tribe of Indians, called Kric or KriikrouonH (peo|)lc 
of Erie) and known by the French as the Naliun of 
the Cat. It is not e.\;ietly certain that '' Erie " meant 
"cat'' in the Indian language, but such is believed 
to be the ctise. Some writers have claimed that the 
Eriex and Neuters were the .same nation, but the 
weight of evidence is decidedly in favor of their sep- 
arate existence, and the powerful authority of Park- 

man ("Jesuit!? of North America," p. 44) is on the 
same side. 

liittle is known nf the Hries save that they were a 
powerful trilic. of kindred blood with the celebrated 
Jrui/uuis. or Fioc yiUiuns, and speaking a dialect of 
the same language. In fact, according to the most 
profound students of Indianology (if wc may be al- 
lowed to coin a convenient word) the Irui/iiais, the 
Xeiitvr JVativH, the L'rie.s and the Ilurvns wei-c all 
parts of one aboriginal stock, while around them, on 
the north, the east and the south were various branches 
of the still larger Alfjuju/uiu race. Tradition asserts 
that at one time the authority of the Eries extended 
as far east as the Genesee river in New York, which 
was the boundary between them and the tierce iSeiie- 
cdfi, the westernmost nation of Ww Iroquvin confeder- 
acy. Their villages, however, were on the shore of 
the lake which bears their name, and as near as can 
be ascertained, their jiriiicijial seats stretched from 
the vicinity of the i>re.seiit city of Erie to that of 

'J"o the southward there wa.s a vast t)peii s)iac('. al- 
ternately the hunting ground and the battlctield of 
rival tribes, over which the I'Jries could range with 
more or less ditiiculty, to the confines of the Chuctuws 
and Clierukees. On the west and northwest were the 
lands of tliei)owerfnl Of/a/i'ds, Fulluwattomies, thiji- 
pewitx and Mi«inis. It will be nuderstood that the 
word "powerful " is used in a relative .sense, meaning 
[lowerful for a tribe of Indians. 'J'he SciurUD, the 
strongest of the Five Ndtioiis, had luit about a thou- 
sand warriors, and it is not i)robahle that either of the 
western tribes, including the Eries, had more than 
that number. 

Less is known of the Fries than of most other In- 
dian tribes, for during the middle [lart of the seven- 
teenth century the French missionaries and fur-traders 
were generally deterred by the enmity of the Jnn/uuis 
from taking the route to the West by way of Lake 
Lric, and ere that route was opened to European 
travel (he Erie nation was blotted out of existence, 
as will hereafter be described. From the slight ac- 
counts which have reaciied us, liowever, it is evident 
that they did not differ materially from the other In- 
dian tribes which surrounded them, and whose char- 
acteristics are so well known to Americans. 



Pierce, cruel and intractable, the men spent their 
time in hunting and lighting, while the women not 
only performed their domestic labors, but bore all 
burdens when attending their masters, and planted, 
tended and gathered the maize, the pumpkins and 
the beans, which were the principal vegetable food of 
the tribe. Slight indeed were the bonds of govern- 
ment imposed on these most democratic of republic- 
ans. A few of the elder men were known as sachems, 
a position rather of honor than of jwwer, though they 
exercised a gentle authority in maintaining order at 
home, and determined whether there shonld be peace 
or war with neighboring tribes. 

In war, the leadership of the tribe devolved on 
younger men, called war-chiefs, but even these had 
no authority resembling that exercised by the ofiicers 
of a civilized army. War being once declared, any 
ambitious chief could raise a party of volunteers to 
go on a raid against the enemy. They usually fol- 
lowed his guidance, but in case they refused to obey 
him there was no punishment known to Indian law 
which could be inflicted upon them. Even if one of 
them showed cowardice, the severest chastisement 
visited upon him was to call him a "squaw," and de- 
bar him henceforth from the honors and privileges of 
a warrior. This, however, was a terrible punishment 
to men whose only idea of glory or fame was in con- 
nection with warlike prowess. Sometimes, in cases 
of great importance, the chiefs called the whole nation 
to arms, but even then those who failed to respoud 
were merely designated as "s(|uaws," and left in com- 
pany with the squaws. 

Of civil government there was little need. Fero- 
cious as the Indians were against their enemies, the 
members of the various tribes seldom (juarreled amono- 
themselves. There was not much for them to quar- 
rel about. There was ahnost no individual property 
save the stone tomahawk, the bow and the arrows 
which each man could nuiiiufacture for himself; so 
there were no contests arising from the sin of eovet- 
ousness. The marriage bond sat lightly ui)on tjiem, 
although they were not a j)eculiarly licentious race. 
They were merely apatiietic in that respect, and mar- 
ital iulidelity did not awaken the anger often felt 
among barljarous nations no purer than the Indians; 
so there were few i|uarrels about women. Licpior had 
not been introduced among tliem, and thus another 
large cUiss of troubles was avoided. 

True, they had ferocious and malignant tempers, 
but it was not necessary to exercise them at home, 
and until after the introduction of liquor they seldom 
did so. If a number of Eric braves felt their native 
fierceness gnawing in (heir breasts till it must have 
vent, it was needless for them to slay each other; they 
could get up a war party, go forth and scalp a few 
Ol/aint women, or burn a eai)tuied Sciicm warrior, 
and be happy. 

The whole Indian system was opjiosud to the idea 

of stringent government. Parental restraint over 
children was of the lightest kind, though great def- 
erence was paid to age in both men and women. The 
little copper-colored rogues ran about in naked bless- 
edness, doing whatsoever they liked; the girls, as they 
a])proached womanhood, expecting nothing else than 
to share the labors of the wigwam and cornfield, while 
the adolescent boys eagerly trained themselves to be- 
come hunters and warriors. 

When the Un'et: were the lords over the territory of 
Cuyahoga county there was ample opportunity for the 
young braves to exercise themselves there in the ex- 
hilarating duties of the chase. The level or gently 
undulating ground, composed of sandy soil near the 
lake and a clayey loam farther back, was covered with 
a gigantic growth of beeches, ma])les, oaks, elms, etc., 
probably unsurpassed on the continent. The Indians 
were in the habit of burning off the underbrush so 
that they could more readily see the game, and this 
killed the small trees, but caused the large ones to 
attain magnificent proportions. 

Here the deer wandered in great numbers. Here 
and there, in some aged and hollow tree, the black 
bear made his hermitage through the wintry days, 
coming forth in tiie spring to feed on roots and ber- 
ries, and, later, on the ample supply of nuts and acorns 
aifordcd by the forest. Here, too, was occasionally 
heard the fierce scream of the American ])anther, at 
which even the hardy Indian youths shrank back in 
dismay, leaving the task of confronting that dreaded 
foe to the bravest warriors of the tribe. 

Numerous birds flitted among the trees, on which 
tiie children could test the strength of their tiny bows 
and their own accuracy of aim, while at long intervals 
the lordly eagle soared far overhead, or circled swiftly 
downward to seize his ]jrey, usually defying with ini- 
jiunity the arrows even of the most renowned bowmen 
of the forest. Upon the earth, among many hann- 
less congeners, crawled the deadly rattlesnake, which, 
however, was easily avoided by the dark youth, shod 
with wariness and bnskined with cunning. 

Life was even more abundant in the water than on 
shore. The lake swarmed with pike, pickerel, stur- 
geon, whitefish, etc., etc., some of which found their 
way into the river, where they were met by the gleam- 
ing trout from the u})land streams. 

Such was Cuyahoga county and its inhabitants at 
the time when the first jiccouuts regarding this locali- 
ty came to the knowledge of the whites. Even then, 
those accounts were very vague, but, as they have 
been eked out by suhsei|uently aecpiired knowledge, 
one is able to bring u}) before the mind's eye a toler- 
ably accurate picture of this ]>rimeval period. Befori', 
however, we move forward from this standpoint, it is 
l)roj>er to make brief mention of that long, vague 
period whi(^h antedates all reliable information, and 
is commonly called the pre-historic era. 





Ri-lii-s ill Norllu'i-nOliio— The Mound Hciil(liTs-(llil KoTtillcaliiins of this 
Itt-uii'ii— Works in Cleveland — In Nowlmrtc In Imlepenilence— At 
Ihc Forks of KiH-ky Uivcr— Outside the (Nmnty— In Western New 
York -Ahsenre of lAtrge Mounds — Coffins iit (Miasrin F.alls-Evi 
licnce .of Modor.ite Sized Ancients— The Jaw Kone Theory-Indian 
I'aHsailes— Their Superiority to Breastworks— Ahseiice of Melal In 
si ruini'iiljs- Conclusion in Favor o{ Ancient Indian Occupancy. 

So I'AU its is :it'tu;illy kiKiwii, l-lic /Jriis niiulit liaxc 
l)(H'n hi've ten yciirs, or u liiindiuil yi'iir.s, or a t.liou- 
saml ydiirs. licforc tlicy were heard of l)y tlio French. 
'I'ct I he restless and hclli£;erent. (diaracltM- of the 
,\inci'ii'an Indian.s makes it. iniiirohaiiic^ iJiat any 
l.i-ilie would remain many contiirio.s in llie same 
liicalilv, and doiiliLless the £"/•(>« gained their title to 
lliis region liy the good old ])roeess of driving away or 
exterminating the preecdiiig lord.s of the land, whose 
rights were similarly gronnded upon slaughter and 

Itut. aside from the prohahle oeeiipaney of theeonii- 
ti V liy successive tribes of red nu^n, there are works 
and relies still extant in Cuyahoga county, as well 
as in other parts of northern Ohio, in IVnnsylvania 
and in New York, which have led many to believe that 
a race of a much higher grade of civilization than the 
Indians once inhabited these regions. Those old in- 
habitants are supposed to have been akin to the cele- 
liialcd though somewhat mythical "Mound-Hiiihlcrs" 
iif the Ohio valley. But the works attributed to the 
iatl(n' people are of a far different character from those 
of their northern neighbors, including not only exten- 
sive fortilications capable of sheltering ten, fiftc^eu or 
even twenty thousand men, but enormous mounds, 
sometimes seven or eight hundred feet in circiiin- 
ference at the base and .seventy feet high, and suji- 
|)()sed to have been devoted to religious sacrilices. 

Without entering into any discussion on the char- 
acter or origin of the " Mound-Builders," which 
would be entirely foreign to the purpose of this vol- 
ume, it is safe to say that the works extant in Cuya- 
hoga county and the rest of the lake region bear no 
indicat ions of having been erected by a race superior to 
the American Indians. Nay, they show strong attirma- 
tive evidence that their architects were mil superior 
to the red men discovered here by tlio Europeans. 
The works in (piestion arc mostly fortifications of 
moderate extent, the enclosed space rarely exceeding 
live acres. In a majority of cases advantage lias 
been taken of a strong natural jiosition, where only a 
small amount of labor was necessary to fortify it. 

Such is the ease at one of the best ])rescrved of 
these embankments in Cnyalioga county. It is 
within the limits of Cleveland city, but in what was 
formerly the town of Newburg; being between IJroad- 
wiiy and the Cuyahoga river, and only a short dis- 
tance from tliat stream. The natural position con- 
sisted of a peninsula surrounded on three sides by 
ravines nearly sixty feet deep, with stcc]), clayey sides, 
and joineil to the main land on the south by a nar- 
row islhinns. (tii this isthmus, .it the narrowest 

point, the occupants of the sitnation built two em- 
bankments, the outer one extending completely across 
the neck, the inner one reaching nearly but not (piite 
across the isthmus, leaving a narrow entrance-way on 
the west side. The bight of both embankments is 
about two feet, and each has a ditch on its out(M'side, 
now very shallow, but ap|iaii'iitlv at one lime some 
til ice feet deej). 

The space thus enclosed contains about five acres, 
and, although the land outside the ravines is of the 
same bight as that within the "fort," yet foemen 
would have fiuind it dilliciilt to .send their arrows to 
llie center of the enclosed space through the natural 
growth of trees, even supixisiiig th;it, the defenders 
knew nothing of the art of building palisades, <in 
which point there is no ('vid(■n^(^ 

Most of the other fortilications are of a similar 
character, tlic object in each case being to fortify an 
istlinuis, and thus hold a kind of iieniiisiila or proin- 
ontorv, nearly surrounded by ravines. 

Just outside the city limits, in the present town- 
ship of Newburg and close to the (Juyahoga, is an- 
other of these labor-saving fortilications, the enclosed 
space being about the si/e of the one above describeil, 
and the protecting ravines being even deeper, though 
not .so steep; 

Two miles farther up the river, in the township 
of Independence, is still another of these enclosures, 
the area in this case being nearly ten acres. There 
arc two embankments across the isthinns, with a 
ditch between them and another outside of the outer- 
most breastwork. 

In the same township, a short <listance north of 
Tinker's creek, is another fortification by which a 
promontory among the blulfs is defended from the 
apiiroach of an enemy. 

At the forks of Rocky river, close to the line be- 
tween the townships of Middlcburg and Olinstead, 
was one of the most remarkable of these primitive 
fortresses. It is a lofty clitf, almost surrounded by 
the waters of the west branch of the river, with no 
method of reaching the top .save by an obli(pie and 
dilficult path cut in the almost perpendicular side. 
In front of this path were three lines of breastworks. 
From two to three feet high each, with ditches in front 
of them, as in the case of the others before men- 
tioned. This was one of the most formidable of these 
peculiar fortifications to be found in this county. 

Outside of the county there arc, in northern Ohio, 
many other works more elaborate and important than 
those above mentioned, but all evidently constructed 
for the same purpose— that of fortifying with a little 
labor a strong natural position. Among these stroiig- 
h(dds there is one in Northfiold, Summit county, 
where a promontory of about four acres, two hundred 
feet above the Cuyahoga, is fortified by intrenchmcnts 
across a very narrow ridge connecting it with the back 
country; one at Weymoutli, Meilina county, where a 
peninsula of less than an acre, formed by a bend of 
Koekv river, is defended by three lines of intrench- 



ment, from four to six feet high, counting from the 
bottom of the ditcli to tiie top of the bank; one near 
Piiinesville, Lake county, where a narrow peuinsuhi is 
fortified by two embankments, tiic tops of which are 
not less than nine feet from tlie l)ottom of the ditches 
outside. There is also one near Conneaut, Ashtabula 
county, but this is 'on a somewhat different plan; a 
space of five acres on the toj) of a detached mound, 
seventy feet high, being entirely surrounded by a 
circular intrenchnu'nt. 

There were, at the time of tlie first settlement, a 
large number of similar rude fortifications in western 
New York, but there was less attention paid tliere to 
the defense of peninsulas and promontories; a majority 
of the works boiug complete redoubts, each enclosed 
by a siugle wall, a few feet high, with a ditch outside. 
Some were on detached hills or mounds, Imt many 
were in the valleys or on the open plains, and have 
consequently been obliterated by cultivation. One of 
the largest fortresses of that section, known as Fort 
Hill, and situated in the town of Le Roy, Genesee 
county, contained, when first discovered, great piles of 
round stones, evidently intended to l)e used against 
assailing foes. 

Nowhei-e in the lake region are there found any of 
those immense mounds, so prominent in the Ohio 
valley, from wliicii the luime of " Mound-Builders " 
has been derived, and applied to an unknown race of 
men. Some small mounds, a few feet high, have, 
however, been discovered, generally in the vicinity of 
the fortifications before described, and probably in- 
tended as burial-places. One of these mounds, situ- 
ated near Chagrin Falls, was opened in 1840, and 
found to contain four rude, stone coffins, without lids; 
three of tbem being of the proper size for an onli- 
nary man, and one suitable for a half-grown boy. 

These coffins are the strongest evidences with which 
we are acquainted of the existence of an early race, 
more advanced than the Lidians. So far as known 
the Lidians never made stone coffins. On the other 
hand those articles negative most decidedly the opin- 
ion frequently advanced, that the ancient inhabitants 
of this region, be they of what race they might, were 
superior in bight to the jieople of modern times. It 
is very certain that in numerous instances the thigh- 
bone of a big Indian has, by an imaginative process 
of reconstruction, been developed into a whole race of 
pre-historic giants. A commonly quoted evidence on 
this point is the statement that some venerable jaw- 
bone, taken from an ancient mound, will "'fit right 
on over" the jaw of an ordinary, adult white man; the 
easy reasoner forgetting that any concave body will 
"fit right on over " a convex one iis large as itself, sind 
that a score of bowls or kettles of the same siz.e will 
"fit" each other to perfection. 

So far as the fortifications an' concerned there is 
absolutely nothing to show that their builders were 
superior to the inhabitants discovered by the white 
men. True, the Indians, wlien first discovered, did 
not build earthen breastworks, but they did build 

palisades, requiring more labor and ingenuity than 
the much vaunted earthworks. The palisaded castles 
of th(! Fire JVa/iun.i were almost impregnable to any 
foe not ])rovided with fire-arms, and doubtless the 
kindred, thougb hostile, Eries had provided them- 
selves with similar defenses. The first Frenchman 
who came to Montreal found there an Indian town of 
fifty cabins, encompassed by three lines of palisades, 
made of closely fitted timbers, near thirty feet high. 
On the inside there was a lofty wooden rampart, 
reached by ladders, and always kept well supplied 
with stones with which to assail an enemy. 

Such a fortress shows a much greater progress in 
architectui-al skill than do the rude earthworks previ- 
ously described. Moreover, considering that wooden j 
arrows and stone tomahawks were the most effective I 
weapons of the Indians, it is i)lain that the palisades 
wei'c a great improvement on the breastworks as a 
protection against an enemy. Since artillery has 
come into use among the whites, wooden and even 
stone defenses have been abandoned in favor of earthen 
ones, into which the balls of an enemy sink without 
destrnctive results. Hut there was no danger of either 
wooden or earthen walls being destroyed by arrows 
or stone tomahawks; the problem was to prevent the 
foe from shooting or climbing over the barrier. For 
this pur|)o,se it is evident that the palisade thirty feet 
high was immensely superior to the low breastwork, 
which could only with immense labor be raised five or 
six feet above the surrounding country. 

Moreover, while the intrenchment could hardly be 
employed to advantage except on some strong natural 
position, wliere its slight liight was eked out by the 
ascent from lower ground, the palisade could be built 
on the very bank of a stream, or in the midst of a 
maize field, and afford almost perfect protection to 
the cabins placed inside. While, therefore, among a 
people wjio use artillery, earthen fortifications are an 
advance on wooden or stone ones, yet the palisades of 
the /ro(/i(oi.t and Nries show them to have advanced 
in defensive skill Ijeyond the men who erected the 
earthworks of northern Ohio and western New York, 
though very probably the former were descended from 
the latter. 

The coffins at (Hiagrin Falls are far stronger evi- 
dences of ancient superiority to the Indians than are 
the breastworks, but while it is true that Indians gen- 
erally did not make stone coffins, yet they did make 
weapons and utensils of stone, snch as tomahawks, etc., 
and tbe existence of the larger articles in this vicinity 
may be due to the fact that northern Ohio is mucii 
more prolific than other sections in stone which is 
easily shaped into any required form. 

Another circumstance, showing that the pre-historic 
inlial>itants of this region were of the same nice as 
the Indians, or an inferior one, is the fact that no 
metal instruments, not even of copper, have come 
down to us from the pre-historic era. Flint arrow- 
heads, fiint knives, stone hatchets, there are in abun- 
dance — all of the same kind as those used by the 



Indians — and if nielal instniiiicnts bad existed some 
of Uioni would certainly liavo reniaint'd to Mio present 

Bftwoc'ii the borders of ivakc Krie anil tbe valleys 
of soutberii Obio, tbere is a tract wbieb lias been well 
desi.<,niated by Colonel Wbittlesey avS a neutral ,<>rouiid 
lictween tiie inhabitants of those localities. Without 
.■iltenii)ting to cross this open space and risk ourselves 
among tlic shades of the mythical " Mound-Uuilders," 
jjnt. looking only at the region of the great lakes, we 
may consider ourselves on tolerably iirni ground. 
'I'lie Indians were here when the white men first came; 
I ho relics of ancient times generally show not superi- 
ority over, but inferiority to, the works of the red 
men, and tiio very strong probability i.s that some of 
tlie numertuis tribes of Indians, in a more or less ad- 
vanced state, were the masters of this region from the 
lime it first had hiiman occupants until they gave 
w.iv t(i tlu' insatiate invaders from Eurojie. 



The Eries littli- kniiwu to the French— Power of the Iroiiuois— Destruc- 
tion of the Kahquahs— Iroquois Tradition Regardinc the Overthrow 
of the Eries— The I^atter hear of the LeaRue of the Five Nations— An 
Athletic C^ontest with the Senecas— Bloody Work— An Attempted Sur- 
I>rise— A (ireat Battle— Defeat of the Eries— Probability of the Story 
Considered— Another Accounl^-Butcherj' of the Erie Ambassadors— 
Burning of an Onondaga Chieftjiin- Wrath of the Confederates— Tlie 
Next Spring they Set Out— Appioaching the Stronghold— Description 
of the Warriors— The Assault— The Victory— Vengeance-Return of 
the Iroipjoia. 

DruiNii the first ipiarter of a century after the ex- 
istence of the Erii'tt became known to the French, 
very little occurred wiiich has become matter of his- 
tory or even of tradition. Tbe Gallic explorers with 
undaunted footstejis m:ide their way to the shores of 
Lakes Huron and Ontario, but Lake Erie was almost 
an unknown sea l-o them. Hetween its waters and 
I lie French settlements in Canada were the homes of 
the fierce, untamable Iroqiioix, against whom Cham- 
plain, the founder of Canada, h;id needlessly waged 
war, ,Mii(l who had become the most implacable 
enemies of the French colonists. These celebrated 
confederates, already the terror of surrounding tribes, 
were rai)idly rising to still wider dominion, ])artly on 
aeconnt of the strength deri\ed trom their well- 
planned union, and partly on account of l\w facility 
with wliich they could obtain fire-arms and amtnuiii- 
lion from the Diitcii on the Hudson river, who were 
very glad to have so good a guard located between 
them and the adventurous Frenchmen of Canada. 
Ivpiipped with these terrible weapons, and strong in 
their five-fold alliance, the Irorjitois wreaked terrible 
\engcance not only on the countrymen of Champlain, 
but on their numerous foes of their own race, little 
foreseeing that the destruction of their Indian rivals 
would only leave themselves the less able to resist the 
advance of the Europeans. 

There was occasional warfare between the lr(i</viiix 
and the Eries, but the Kah<jnaUs, or Neuter Nulinn, 
whose seats were on both sides of the Niagara rivtq- 
and extended a short distance up the soutii side of 
Lake Erie, lay ))artly between the rivals, and were 
then at peace with both; so the enemies were con- 
strained to liridle their hatred when they met on Ktih- 
ijuah ground, or, as some accounts say, only when in 
tbe imniediiite vicinity of the Kah(juah villages. Tbe 
Kiiliqudlis mtiintaineil a similar neutrality between 
tbe Ir(i</7iois anil tlu^ /fiirons of Canada, and hence 
the French designation of " /ai Niilion Nexlre." 
They were not (Quakers, by any means, however, and 
often waged war against distant Ifibes. 

liiit the time was rapidly ajiproacbing when their 
neutrality would no longer serve to shield them from 
the aggressive spirit of the Irnt/uois. In the autumn 
of 1050, the Frre Niitiniif:, having already destroyed 
tbe Hitrniis, burst like a thunderbolt upon the un- 
fortunate Kiihinahsi, defeated them in battle, burned 
a liirge number of their villages and slaughtered the 
inhabitants. The next spring l-liey renewed the 
assault, and utterly destroyed the Kdltqiiah^ as ;i 
nation, slaying all except a few whom they adopted 
into their own tribes, and a few more who fled for 
safety to the Indians of the Far West, among whom 
they soon lost their separate identity. 

Naught now interjxKsed between the Eries and 
their arrogant foes, the Five No lions. Experience 
showed that they might soon expect an assault made 
with all the strength of the confederacy, and no doubt 
they jn-epared for its coming. The story of the final 
struggle is only to be derived from the vague and 
boastful traditions of the Irar/tiois, for of the Eries 
none are left to tell the tale of their people's ruin. 
One account, which has liecn widely i(noted, was pub- 
lished in the Buffalo Coinmerritil Advertiser in 184."). 
and is said to have been vouched for by ''Governor 
Rlacksnake," a celebrated Seneca chief then nearly a 
hundred years old, and by other aged warriors of the 
Five Nations. 

It repre.^cnts tluit " when tlu- Eries beard of the 
confederation between the Molutwks. Oneiilns, (hion- 
dnrjds, Ciiyuyas and Sener,as," they imagined it must 
be for some mischievous purpose. To discover its 
meaning they invited the Iroquois to send a hundred 
of their most athletic young men, to play a game of 
ball with a like number selected by the Eries, for a 
heavy wager. The invitation was declined. Next 
year it was rei)eated, iuit again declined. A third 
time the ehallenge was sent, and this time it was ac- 

A hundred men, the flower of the Iroquois youiU, 
went forth, unarmed, to meet their antagonists. The 
two parties met near the site of Buffalo. A large 
amount of wampum-belts, buffalo robes, beaded moc- 
casins, etc., Wits deposited on each side as a wager, and 
then the game was played. TMie Iroquois were suc- 
cessful. The Eries then challenged the victors to a 
foot-r;ice between ten of the fastest runners. The 



challenge was accepted, and the Iroquois were again 
victorious. By this time the Eries were extremely 
angry, and their chief proposed a wrestling match 
Ijotwcen ten of the best men on each side; it being 
understood that the victor in each case should toma- 
hawk his adversary and tear off his scalp as a trophy. 
The Iroquois accepted tiie proposition, determined, 
however, as they say, not to enforce the bloody penalty 
provided they were the conquerors. In the first 
match a Senera threw his antagonist, but declined to 
slay him. The infuriated chief of the Eries immedi- 
ately drove his own tomahawk into the brains of his 
prostrate champion. A second and a third Erie met 
the same fate. The chief of the Iroquois, seeing the 
terrible excitement which prevailed among the Eries, 
put a stop to this remarkable "sport," and quickly 
led his men back to their own homes. 

This inglorious contest increased the jealousy of the 
Eries. They determined to attiick the Seneras, who 
resided on Seneca lake, in the present State of New 
York, hoping to destroy them ere the other confed- 
erates could interfere. A Seneca woman, married 
among the Eries, fled and informed her countrymen 
of the intended assault. All the warriors of the Five 
Nations rallied to meet it. The two armies met on 
the east side of the Genesee river. After a long and 
bloody combat, elaborately described by Blacksnake 
and his friends, after the Eries had seven times been 
driven across a small stream which ran across the bat- 
tle field, and had every time regained their ground, 
they were forced back for the eighth time, and a 
corps of a thousand young Iroquois warriors, which 
had been held in reserve, was let loose upon the rear 
of their exhausted foes. This decided the day, and 
the Eries were almost entirely annihilaced by the 
vigorous young warriors. The Iroquois army fol- 
lowed their defeated enemies to their homes, destroyed 
their villages, and slew all but a few wretched men and 
women, who fled in terror to the tribes farther west. 

Such is the substance of the story as preserved by 
Iroquois tradition, but it is altogether too good a story 
for the Five Nations. It shows them meek under 
provocation, successful in every athletic contest, and 
acting entirely on the defensive in the war which re- 
sulted in the destruction of their foes. The state- 
ment in the beginning that the movements of the 
Eries were caused by their hearing of the formation 
of the Iroquois league, shows the dubious character 
of the whole story, for that league had been in exist- 
ence at least half a century when the Eries were 
destroyed, and probably much longer. The confed- 
eracy had again and again demonstrated its power, 
and it would be absurd to suppose that their near 
neighbors and bitter enemies, the Eries, did not 
know all about it. Some portions of the tradition 
may be true, but it is so partial to the Iroquois that 
no dependence can be placed upon it. Almost the 
only certain thing in the whole story is that there was 
a war between the Iroquois and the Eries, and that 
the latter were defeated and destroyed. 

The most reliable account of the last great contest 
between the Iroquois and the Eries is that given by 
Parkman in his "Jesuits of North America." This 
is also derived principally from Indian tradition, but 
the statements of the red men have been carefully 
sifted by that experienced historian, and have been 
compared with contemporary accounts of French 
missionaries. Moreover, it is quite in consonance 
with the nature of the Iroquois and the known results 
of the case. It appears from this account that in 
10.53 a treaty of peace was made between the Eries 
and the Senecas, the nearest and most powerful of the 
Iroquois tribes, and the former nation sent thirty 
ambassadors to the Seneca country to confirm it. 
While they were there a quarrel arose in which a Sen- 
eca warrior was killed by one of the Eries. The 
countrymen of the deceased, regardless of the sacred 
office of the ambassadors (according to civilized ideas), 
immediately fell upon them and slew the whole thirty. 

When the Eries heard of this butchery, of course 
the war was at once renewed. One of the parties 
sent to harass the Iroquois captured an Onnii(Jaf/a 
chief, and returned with him in triumph to their own 
country. Indian custom required that he should be 
burned at the stake to appease the shades of their 
slaughtered brethren. Some of the older and wiser 
sachems objected. Such an act would make the 
whole confederacy perfectly implacable, although pre- 
vious to that time the quarrel had been principally 
with the Senecns. The Five Nations, partly armed 
with European weapons, had shown their immense 
power by scattering the great Huron nation to the four 
winds and by utterly destroying the Kaliquahs, and 
it would be madness to invoke the unappeasable wrath 
of the terrible confederacy. On the other hand the 
young warriors were furious for revenge, and besides 
it was almost a jiositive law among them that the 
blood shed by their foes should be repaid with torture 
whenever an opportunity offered. 

There was, however, one way of escape. It was an 
immemorial custom that a prisoner's life might be 
saved at the request of a near relative of a slain war- 
rior, who adojsted him in place of the deceased. It 
was determined to give the Onondaya to the sister of 
one of the slaughtered ambassadort\ She was then 
absent, but it was not doubted that she would accept 
the prisoner in place of her brother, since by that 
means alone could the stern requirements of Indian 
law be reconciled with the safety of her people. She 
soon returned, and was earnestly solicited to acquiesce 
in the arrangement. But no; she would have no 
such brother as that. 

"Let him be burned," she said; and the party of 
vengeance was thus reinforced by all who held in es- 
pecial reverence the ancient customs of the tribe. 
The unfortunate Onondaga was doomed to the stake, 
and submitted to his terrible fate with the usual sto- 
icism of an Indian warrior. But, as they were a])oiit 
to light the funei-al pile, he declared that they were 
burning the whole Eric nation, and many a prudent 



old sachem foreboded the accoinplishmenfc of the 

When the news rcaehed the Irui/nois, tlie whole 
confederacy was in a fury of rage. Mohawks, Onvi- 
(liis and Ciii/m/its were as eager for revenge as the 
Suiur(i>i:iind the Onouddf/ng, wliose chief had suffered 
the last punishment of savage hate, were even more 
so. The approach of winter })revented an immediate 
movement against the Eriex, bnt in the spring of 
10,")-t nearly all tiie Iroquois warriors were summoned 
to the held. An army was litted out which Le Moine, 
a Jesuit missionary then among the Oiioiidagas, esti- 
mated at eighteen hundred men — an immense num- 
ber when compared with an ordinary Indian war party. 

The Erics, sensible of their danger, had retreated 
to the western part of their territory — probably to 
the vicinity of Cleveland — and had there fortified 
themselves with palisades, strengthened by an abattis 
of forked trees. The Iroquois estimated the number 
of the Erie warriors at two thousand, but this was 
|iiobably one of the nsual exaggerations of an enemy. 
The Senvcas, by far the most j)owerful of the Five 
Xdtioiis, could only muster a thousand warriors, and 
there is no reason to su))pose the Erics were stronger. 
I'robably they were weaker. 

After a long march through the forest, the Iroquois 
approached the stronghold of their enemies. A few 
carried muskets or anpiebuses, and ammunition, 
either purchased from the Dutch or captured from 
the French. Two wore French costumes, doubtless 
stripped from the l)odies of slaiu enemies. At length 
the long column of the confederates arrived in front 
of the fortress of the Eries, and sjjiead themselves 
out inline. Other armies have Ijeen larger and better 
<liseiplined, but few have made a more terrifying 
appearance than that which now stood awaiting the 
signal for the onslaught. 

The war costume of an Indian in the olden time 
consisted of a small breech-clout of deerskin, and a 
crest of as many bright colored feathers as he could 
oljtaiu. His face and naked body were painted with 
jiigments of red, yellow and black, arranged in the 
most, fantastic and hideous designs that the artist 
(■.)uld invent. A thousand or more savages, thus ar- 
rayed anil decorated, and known to be filled with the 
most furious hatred, must have presented an aj)i)al- 
ling appearance to any but the hardiest foes. Nearly 
every man carried the bow, the arrows and the war 
club which had been the wea])ons of his fathers, but 
a f jw, as has been said, were provided with fire-arms, 
and many iiad substituted iron hatchets and knives 
for the stone tomahawks and flint scalpers of their 
ancestors. The war-chiefs, of whom there was a 
large j)roportionate number, took their positions a 
few yards ahead of the line, each one in front of his 
own iiaiid. 

When all was ready the two Jniqunis, before men- 
tioned as being dressed in French costume, advanced 
close to the walls and demanded the surrender of the 
Erivs. One of them, who had been itaptized by the 

Je.^'uits, declared that the "Master of Life" was on 
their side. 

" llo, hoi"' cried the scornful /i'/'jcA-, "our hatchets 
and our arrows are the nuisters of life; come and see 
what they will do!" 

The heralds retired, the head chiefs gave the signal, 
aud Avith terrific yells the Iroquois advanced to the 
attack. They were met with flights of poisoned 
arrows, and were comjielled to fall back. They then 
brought forward the canoes in which they had made 
the trip up the lake, and each crew bore its own bark 
above their heads so as to protect them from the 
arrows of the Erics. Thus shielded, they again 
moved forward. The poisoned missiles rattled on the 
frail bark vessels, but only occasionally hit the ex- 
posed i)art of some cai-eless warrior. 

At length the assaulting line reached the front of 
the palisade. This lofty barrier might well appear 
an insurmountable obstacle to men unprovided with 
ladders, but the Iroquois placed their canoes against 
the wooden walls, and, in spite of the resistance of 
the Erics, speedily climbed over into the fort. Then 
began a scene of frightful butchery. I'robably 
largely outnumbered by their confederated foes — i)er- 
haps hardly e(iual to them in warlike prowess — the 
Erics gave way on all sides. The Iroquois rushed 
forward, Senccas, Cayiujas, Onondwjas, Oneidas and 
Mohawks all eager to be the first in the race for ven- 
geance. The forest resounded with the fearful yells 
of the victims, as in swift succession they struck 
down their foes with war-club or tomahawk, tore off 
their scalps, and waved the reeking trophies above 
their heads in demoniac triumph. 

As was generally the case when one savage nation 
was completely successful over another, the cou(piered 
people was almost completely annihilated. Men, 
women and children were slaughtered with eipial 
ruthlessness, and all their villages were burned to the 
ground. Some escaped to join the tribes of the Far 
West. Some, especially children, were reserved for 
adoption by the conquerors, in accordance with wide- 
sju-ead Indian custom. Many of the warriors, too, 
were taken alive, but these were generally devoted to 
the most terrible fate which savage malignity coulil 

When night came on, the victors prepared for a 
grand illumination. The captured warriors were 
bouml, naked, one by one, to the trees of the forest. 
Piles of light fuel were heaped around them and then 
the torch was ajiplied. A C'fii/ut/a told Mr. I'arknum 
that, iiccordiiig to the tradition in his tribe, a thou- 
sand Erics were thus enveloped in flames at once. 
As the Indians couldn't count over ten, and as there 
were probaldy not over a thousand Eric warriors in 
all, if so many, it is best to take this statement with 
much allowance. lUit even if there were a hundred 
thus subjected to torture, they must have formed the 
most sonl-curdling sight that can well lie imagined. 
Those who admire the romance of Jiulian life might 
have enjoyed their till of it could they have stood in 



the forest on the shore of Lake Erie, two hundred 
and twenty-five years ago, and have seen tlie darkness 
lighted up by fire after fire, extending in every direc- 
tion, in the midst of each of which a naked warrior 
wiitlied in the agonies of death, liis voice, however, 
rising in the death-song, defiant and contemptuous 
toward his foes, who danced and howled around him 
in all the ecstasy of diabolical glee. 

The Iroquois remained in the country of the Eries 
for two months, nursing their own wounded, and 
hunting out, and capturing or slaying, any of that un- 
fortunate people who might still be lingering near 
the homes of their ancestors. . Then the conquerors 
re-entered their canoes, proceeded down the lake and 
made their way to their own homes, where they were 
doubtless received with universal admiration as heroes 
who had deserved well of tlieir country. 



Iroquois Power— Its Bouudary on the Cuyahoga— Owiiersliip of the 
Western Part of tlie County— French Skill— La Salle's Supposed Visit 
— His Great Exploration— The First Vessel on Lake Erie— Tonti and 
Hennepin — Brilliant Prospects for the French— Kate of the Griffln — 
Subsequent career of La Salle— Pretensions of the French and English 
—The Jealous Irociuuis— Ohio a Part of Louisiana- Building of Fort 
Niagara — An Extensive Tiiist Ueed— Lake Erie called "Oswego" — 
Meaning of the Word— The War of 1744— The Ohio Company— De Bien- 
ville's Expedition— New French Posts- The First European Establish 
nn^nt in Cuyahoga county — \N asliington in the Field— The First Amer- 
ican Con,-;;ress— Franklin's Proposition — Beginning of the Great War- 
Western Indians aid the French— Defeat of Braddoek— French For- 
tunes wane — Loss of Niagara and Quebec — Surrender of Canada- - 
End of French Power in the Lake Region. 

Fro.m that time forward northwestern Ohio became 
a part of the domain of the all-conquering Iroquois. 
They fixed their western boundary at the Cuyahoga 
river, and there were none to dispute it with them. 
They continued, however, to reside in central New 
York, using this region only as a hunting ground. 
That remarkable confederacy was then at the hight 
of its power. From the Atlantic to the Mississippi, 
from Hudson's bay to the Gulf of Mexico, no nation 
nor league of their own race was able to withstand 
them, and the feelde colonies of Europeans alternate- 
ly courted tlieir frieiidsliip or shrank from their en- 

Though claiming no' farther west than the Cuya- 
hoga, their war parties made frequent excursions far 
beyond that boundary, coasting up Lake Erie in their 
canoes, passing by those who propitiated their friend- 
ship, but executing vengeance on those who awakened 
tiuir wrath, even to the distant shores of the Missis- 
si|)i)i and the far northern waters of Lake Superior. 

That part of Cuyahoga county west of the river 
which bears its name was not permanently occupied 
by any tribe, but appears to have been claimed by 
another confederacy, much less powerful than the 
Iroquois, which had its priiicii)al seat in Michigan, 
and was composed of the OUanms, Vhippcwas and 

tlie Puttuwattamies. The Shaiunees, who resided in 
the southwest, in the present State of Indiana, also 
frequently hunted along the shore of Lake Erie. In 
fact, the boundaries of Indian possessions were sel- 
dom defined with the accuracy of farm-lines in a 
deed, and were constantly varying according to the 
power or caprice of their owners. 

Notwithstanding the old grudge of the Iniquais 
against them, the French, whose skill in mainiging 
savages was unecpuded by that of any other Eur<>|iean 
nation, succeeded in the intervals of active warfare in 
insinuating themselves among those fierce warriors, 
and securing a foothold for their fur-traders and even 
for their missionaries. It is highly probable that 
some of those classes, intent on the interests of com- 
merce or religion, made their way to the south short! 
of Lake Erie soon after, if not before, the destruction 
of the unfortunate people who resided there; for the 
Jesuit map of ICOO j)roves that the members of that 
order had at least traced the chain of waters from 
Lake Erie to Lake Supei'ior. 

Very little is known, however, of the locality un- 
der consideration. According to a biography of liie 
celebrated La Salle, by an anonymous author, yet 
bearing many evidences of credibility, that remarka- 
ble adventurer came into the country south of Lake 
Erie in lOOlJ, discovered the Ohio and descended it to 
the rapids where Louisville now stands, where he was 
abandoned by his men and compelled to return alone. 
What La Salle was doing at this period is not posi- 
tively known, and such an exploit would be in perfect 
harmony not only with his dauntless courage and 
boundless love of adventure but with his uniform 
lack of tact in managing his subordinates. 

A nnq) attributed to La Salle, issued in 1572, calls 
the great body of water which bounds Cuyahoga 
county on the north, " Lake Tejocharonting, com- 
monly called Lake Erie." 

But it was not until 1671) that Lake Erie was fully 
exi)l(n'ed by European eyes and its waters plowed by 
a vessel built by European hands. The leader in this 
important enter[)rise was the brilliant adventurer al- 
ready named, Robert Cavelier de la Salle. This gen- 
tleman, a Frenchman of good family, then thirty-five 
years old, was the boldest and most successful of all 
the gallant men who attempted to explore the interior 
of North America. Some adventurers had made 
short excursions inland from the co;ist, others had 
trodden the shores of the St. Lawrence, others still 
had traced the cotist of the Gulf of Mexico and discov- 
ered the mouth of its principal river; it was given to 
La Salle to glide from the northeast to the southwest 
over three thousand unknown miles of land and wa- 
ter, to unravel the great enigma of the Mississippi, 
and to span the whole eastern portion of the conti- 
nent with the bow of triumi)hant discovery. 

Having left his native Rouen at the age of twenty- 
two. La Salle had for thirteen years been leading a 
life of varied adventure in America, and had in 1G78 
received a commission from Louis the Fourteenth to 



discover tho western part of New France. In the 
winter and spring of 1078 and 1G79 he built a vessel 
of sixty tons on the Niagara river, above the falls, to 
which he gave the name of the "Grillin." After 
long waiting, to perfect his preparations, I^a Salle 
sailed up Lake Erie from the head of tiie Niagara on 
the seventh day of August, KJTS. 

ll is not certain on which side of Lake Erie the 
•• (irillin " sailed, nor whether it crossed tho watery 
portion of Cuyahoga county; tho presumption, how- 
ever, is tiiat it went on the north side, which was not 
(inly the shortest but was least likely to be infested by 
the hostile Iroquois. Nevertlioless, the oj)eiiing of 
thr great inland sea, on which the county borders, to 
th(^ knowledge and the commerce of Europe is an 
event of such importance to all who live on its shores 
as to merit more than a passing notice. 

La Salle occui)ied four days in making the voyage 
from the site of Bullalo to the head of the lake, where 
lie entered into the straits which lead to Lake Huron. 
There were thirty-four men on board tho "tiriIMn," 
all Frenchmen with two or three exceptions. La 
Salle himself is represented as a handsome, blue-eyed 
cavalier, with smooth cheeks and abundant ringlets, 
ai)parently better fitted to grace the salons of Paris 
than to dare the dangers of the American wilderness, 
yet in reality standing in the foremost rank of all 
those who opened the new world to the knowledge of 
the old. 

The second in command was Henry do Tonti, an 
Italian by birth, son of the inventor of the "Tontine" 
jilan of insurance, who had served valiantly as a sol- 
(1 er in tiic Sicilian wars, who had been exiled from 
his native land by revolution, and who showed, 
throughout his career under La Salle, the most un- 
wavering Contempt of danger and the most devoted 
loyalty to his chief. 

Another distinguished voyager on the ''(irillin" was 
the celebrated Father llcnnej)iu, a Franciscan friar 
of Flemish birth, but French by education and lan- 
guage, who was at once the (irie.stand tiie historian of 
the expedition. " With sandaled feet, a coarse, gray 
capote, and peaked hood, the cord of St. Francis 
about his waist, and a rosary and crucifix hanging at 
his sid(\ the father set forth on his memorable jour- 
ney."* He was attended by two coadjutors, and 
they carried with them a light poi'table altar, which 
could be slrajiped on the back like a knapsack or set 
up in the wilderness at a moment's notice. Father 
llrniiepin was destined, in the conrse of the wide 
wanderings on which he was then entering, to display 
the most unswerving courage, and the most devoted 
zeal in the conversion of the savages to UhrislJanity, 
but was also to acipiire the less enviable reputation of 
being one of the most mendacious of the many un- 
trustworthy I'jiiropean travelers in America. v 

.\s the little bark with its gallant commander, its 
zealous priests and its swarthy crew, swept westward 

before the favoring breezes, all doubtless believed 
that they were ojjening the new lake to the com- 
merce of France, and that its fertile shores would in 
time be occui)ied by the subjects of Louis le (I rand 
or his successors. To all apiiearances the F'rench had 
obtained the complete dominion of all the waters of 
the St. Lawrence, and the career of La Salle Wiis to 
extend still farther the sway of their magnificent 
monarch. The most vivid and prophetic imagination 
could not have jiictured the shores of the great lakes 
j)assing from the dominion of F'rance to that of Eng- 
land, (whose king, Charles the Second, was then the 
mere vassal of Louis the Fourteenth), and again, after 
a brief interval, becoming a part of an independent 
country, whose j)ower was to rival that of either of 
the great nations which had preceded it in the i)atli of 

La Salle named the waters over which he was jiass- 
ing the " Lae do Conti," in honor of one of his jjat- 
roiis, the Prince de Conti, but Father Hennepin 
called it Erie, mentioning at the same time that the 
Indians termed it '' Erie Tejocharonting." 

The "Grittin," though the j)ioneerof all the immense 
commerce of Lake Erie, was itself the sjiort of disas- 
trous fate. It went to Green Bay, where La Salle, 
Tonti and Hennepin left it; start.ed on its return 
with a cargo of furs, and was never heard of more. 
Whether it sank with all on board amid the storm- 
tossed waters of Lake Michigan or Huron, or was 
driven upon the shore of Lake Eric and its crew mur- 
dered by the revengeful Iroquois, has been a suljject 
of frei|Uent but unavailing investigation. Numcroiis 
relics of shipwreck have been found near the mouth 
of Rocky river, in Cuyahoga county, and it is possi- 
ble, not probable, that some of them came from tlir 
long lost '"Griflin." With greater proiiability it Ikis 
been deemed that the scene of the '' Grithn's " ship- 
wreck was discovered, near the lieginningof this centu- 
ry, by the settlers in the southwest jiart of Erie county. 
New York; for there were cannon found there with 
French mottoes' upon them, which certainly gives color 
to tlio theory that that was the theater of tlie 
" Gritlin's " disaster. There arc, however, other ways 
of accounting for those relics, and it is (piite likely, as 
i)efore stated, that the pioneer vessel of the upper lakes 
sank amid their turbulent waters with all of its unfor- 
tunate crew. 

After the "Grillin" had sailed, La Salle, with the 
majority of his companions, went into the Illinois 
country. There they built two trading posts, but a.s, 
after long waiting, the "(Jritlin" did not return, the 
indomitable chief, with three comrades, performed 
the extraordinary feat of returning on foot to the 
siiores of the St. Lawrence, subsisting entirely upon 
the game they ])rocured with their muskets. It has 
generally been supposed that La Salle and his com- 
panions went, on the southern side of Lake Erie across 
the territory of Cuyahoga county, but there are good 
roiusons for believing that they crossed the Detroit 
river and skirted the northern shore of the lake, 



wliere they would be iu less danger from tbe ever- 
dreadod lroqiioi><. 

La 8allo afterwards returned to the Hlinois region, 
iiiid in 1CJS3, with a handful of men, descended the 
Mississippi to the sea, thus achieving the greatest 
feat of discovery ever accomplished in the interior of 
America, and adding tlie vast territory of Louisiana 
to tlic dominions of France. Wliile endeavoring, 
however, to colonize these newly discovered lands, he 
met with continual disasters, and was at length mur- 
dered by some of his own followers, in what is now 
tbe State of Texas. 

For a long period afterwards there is very little to 
relate regarding the county of Cuyahoga. The 
French waged long wars witb the En^dish under 
King William and (^ueen Anne, and the Iroqiiuis 
were generally in alliance with the latter jieople. 
Nevertheless the French, whose powers of insinuation 
among savages were unrivaled, obtained considerable 
iutiuence among tlie Scnecax, and were enabled to 
make many profitable voyages after furs upon Lake 
Erie. Fort Ponchartrain was built on the site of 
Detroit in 1701. By the peace of Utrecht, concluded 
at the end of " Queen Anne's War" in 1713, the Five 
Natious (or the Six JVatiutis, as they became about 
that time by the admission of the 'Tuscaroras into the 
confederacy), were acknowledged to be subjects of the 
crown of Great Britain, but no definite boundaries 
were assigned them. From that time forth the Eng- 
lish claimed to own as far west as the Cuyahoga, on 
the ground that the Six Niitiuiis had long been the 
proprietors to that point, while the French, by right 
(if discovery and possession, claimed both shores of 
tlie great lakes, together with the whole valley of the 

As for the Irotjuois, tliey repudiated tiic pretensions 
of the English as scornfully as they did those of tlie 
French, and asserted their own ownership by virtue 
of their conquest of the Kahqidihs and Erics. In 
fact they were becoming, perhaps, more Jealous of 
the English than of the French, since the former 
were continually obtaining large tracts of Indian lands 
for tlie purpose of colonization, while the latter only 
wanted posts for their fur-traders and stations for 
their missionaries. French traders from Canada 
scoured the whole West iu search of furs, as did also 
the Dutch and English of New York. 

At the period in question the French considered 
Ohio as a part of Louisiana. That jirovince was di- 
vided into four jiarts, each in charge of a military 
commandant; all being suliject to the council-general 
of Louisiana. One of these subdivisions nominally 
included all the territory northwest of the Ohio. In 
fact, however, the would-be rulers exercised very 
little authority outside the walls of their rude 

In 1725, the French obtained permission of the 
Ini'iuois chiefs to build a "stone house " at the mouth 
of the Niagara, on the east side, where the Marquis 
de Denonville had previously planted a French post, 

which had been speedily abandoned. The "stone 
house" was at once begun, and finished the next year; 
assuming, by the time it was completed, tiie propor- 
tions of a strong frontier fortress. This was a very 
important proceeding, as it gave the French, to a 
great extent, the command of the whole ui)per lake 
region. There was a great deal of intriguing among 
the Iroquois chiefs on the part of both the French 
and the English, and it is sometimes difficult to learn 
which was in the ascendency; though, as a general 
rule, the English influence was predominant. The 
French were most successful with the Senecas and 
one or two other western tribes of the confederacy, 
while the Mohawks and Oneidds, who lived on the 
English frontier, were usually faithful to their inter- 
est. The ancient bond of tiie " Uedonosaunee," or 
People of the Long House, as the Iroquois called 
tiiemselves, was evidently weakening under the stress 
of foreign intrigue. 

But the French did not have it all their own way 
even with the western tribes. The same year that 
Fort Niagara was completed seven of the principal 
sachems of the Senecas, C'nt/ii(/as and Onoiulai/as 
made a deed of trust to the King of Great Britain 
and his successors, of their lands, extending in a belt 
sixty miles wide from the foot of Lake Ontario, all 
aljiig that lake, the Niagara river and the " Lake 
Oswego," [Erie] to die "creek called Canahogue," 
which was the original form of Cuyahoga. The deed 
also included the " beaver hunting-grounds" of those 
natious, the boundaries of which were not described, 
but which are supposed to have been on the Canadian 
peninsula. The king was to hold the lauds forever, I 

but solely in trust for the tribes above_nanied; the ob-' I 
Ject being evidently to give the English an excuse for 
witiistandiiig the j)reteiisions of the French to the 
same territory. 

It is doubtful whether the seven chiefs had any 
authority to deed away the lands of their people, even 
" in trust," and it is jirobable that they represented 
only the English faction, while it was the French 
faction which had given that nation authority to 
build Fort Niagara. The officers of King Louis and 
King George now maintained the conflicting claims 
of their respective masters to the country east of the 
Cuyahoga with more pertinacity than ever before. 

It will have been observed that in the above deed 
Lake Erie is called " Oswego," that being the same 
name which about the same time was applied to the 
locality on Lake Ontario, at the mouth of the Onon- 
daga, now Oswego. On a map in Colden's History 
of the Five Nations Lake Erie is called "Okswcgo," 
and this appellation is also used in Washington's jour- 
nal, iu 1753, and on Pownal's map, ajs late as 1777. 
This name, like most Indian names, has received 
many different explanations. The most plausible, 
considering that the expression was used in regard 
to two such widely separated localities, is that of 
" boundless view," or, as the Indians express it, "look 
everywhere — see nothing." Such an ajtpellation 



would bo applicable to almost any point along the 
lakes, or to cither of the lakes itself. The lake on 
which C!uyah()ga county bonlcrs was, however, more 
often called by its old name of " Erie," and this 
finally su|)orseded all others. 

Notwithstanding the intrigues of the French and 
English, tliat part of Cuyahoga couTity cast of the 
river continued in peaceable jjosscssion of the Six 
Xd/inns, wlio used it only as a hunting ground, while 
the western part was occupied for the same purpose 
by the ()//iiwas, Chippfiioas and Po/tawdtiamies. The 
only white men seen within its bounds were occasional 
P'rencii fur-traders, or, less often, an extremely daring 
English one, and perchance, now and then, a dark- 
gowned .lesuit, abandoning case and risking life to 
spread the faith of his church among the savages of 
tiie Far West. 

In the war between France and F]ngland, begun in 
174-t:, and concluded by the treaty of Aix la Cliapelle 
in 174S, the Si.r Xalioiix generally maintained their 
neutrality, and the contest had no effect this far west. 
In the last named year, however, an association called 
tlie Ohio C'omitany was organized under the authority 
of the government of Virginia, for the jiurpose of 
settling tiie lands which that colony claimed west of 
tlie AUeganies. It numbered fourteen members, all 
Virginians except one, (a Londoner), among whom 
were Lawrence and Augustine, elder brothers of 
George Washington. Tiie Virginia authorities gave 
it a grant of half a million acres west of the AUega- 
nies, but without any definite location of boundaries; 
if the owners could maintain themselves on the Ohio 
or the shores of Lake Erie, they were welcome to do 

The peace of Aix la Chapelle was little more than 
an armed truce, so far as America was concerned, and 
the intrigues of both French and English for the ex- 
tension of their frontiers were more active than ever. 
In 1749, the Count de la Galissonicre, the governor- 
general of Canada, ordered Monsieur Celeron de 15ien- 
ville to set forth from Detroit with three hundred 
men. to visit all important points, east and southeast, 
as far as the AUeganies, and to take formal possession 
of the (u)untry in tlie name of tiie king of France. 
\)o Bienville obeyed his instructions, and at each iin- 
l)ortant locality he buried a leaden plate, engraved 
witli the arms of France, and also made one of those 
curious records, called a "proves rwrbal,'' which con- 
sisted of a solemn written declaration of the officer, 
duly at tested before a notary puiilic, to the etfoct tiiat 
he did then and there take possession of the surround- 
ing country, in the name and for the benefit of the 
king of France. 

As tiie mouth of the Cuyalioga had long been recog- 
nized as one of the principal places in the West, 
especially ius being the boundary between the (SV.'C Xit- 
lions and their western rivals, it is liighly probable'" 
that Celeron de Bienville buried one of his plates and 
drew up one of his " prnrrs vprlxil" at that point, 
but there is no direct evidence to tiiat etleet. 'J'he 

next year the French followed up the movement they 
had begun, by building a fort near Sandusky Iniy. 

In 1753, the Manpiis do Diii)iiesne de Menncville 
was ai)i)ointcd governor-general of Clanaila, and ju-o- 
cecded to carry out the aggressive jiolicy of his [irede- 
cessor. The Indians of all the tribes became seriously 
alarmed, and in a council held below Pittsliurg, that 
year, they inquired where the Indian lands were, since 
the French claimed all on the west side of the Ohio 
and the English on the east. The next year the 
French ix>gan to carry out tiieir long planned scheme 
of connecting Uikc Erie and the Ohio river by a chain 
of posts, which sliould at once mark tlie boundary of 
the Frencii possessions and defend them from inva- 
sion. Posts weru accordingly established at Pres(pi' 
Isle, (Erie), Le Boeuf (French Creek) and Venango, 
all in the present State of Pennsylvania. If the 
movement was successful and the English accpiiesccd 
in it, Cuyalioga county, with all the rest of the West, 
was to become French territm-y. 

The English and tiieir colonics took tlic alarm ; a 
small garrison was ordered to tiie forks of Ijie Ohio, 
and young Major George Washington was sent by the 
governor of Viiginia to' remonstrate with the com- 
mandant at LeBoeuf and demand his wilhdrawa'. 
The latter proceeding was entirely futile, as was 
doubtless expected, and the next spring the French 
went down with a heavy force, drove away the little 
garrison at the forks of the Oliio, and built a fort 
there which they called Fort Dufpiesne. Thus the 
chain of posts was complete, and for the first time 
Cuyahoga county was fully inclosed within the French 
lines. The same year another fort was built on the 
Saiidiisk)\ About the same jieriod, perhaps a little 
earlier, a French post of some kind was established 
on the Cuyahoga. It is shown on Lewis Evans' map, 
of 1755, as a '• French house,'" five or six miles up the 
river on the west side. The language would indicate 
a trading-house, but it was probably siitricicntly for- 
tified to resist a sudden attack of hostile Indians. 
This was the first European estaiilisliiiient within tlie 
limits of Cuyahoga county. 

By this time all the colonies were much excited, 
and a meeting of their representatives — the first. 
American congress — was lield at Albany to devise 
some means of united action against the common en- 
emy. Benjamin Franklin, a delegate from Pennsyl- 
vania, proposed a plan of union among the colonies, 
which, however, was not adopted. Immediately 
afterwards Franklin, in his paper at Piiiladelpliia, 
jirojioscd a plan for defending the frontiers. Two 
joint-stock comiianies were to be formed, each share- 
holder in which was to receive a certain number of 
acres of land from the government; one of the com- 
panies being bound to plant a colony on the Niagara 
frontier, and the other to establish one north of llie 
Ohio. For the protection of the latter he ])ioj)osed 
a temporary fort on French creeek, and another at. t he 
motilJi of the "Tioga" [Chiyahoga] on the south side 
of Lake Erie, " wiiere a [lost should be formcil and a 



town eieoLed for tlie trade of the lake." This was, 
so far as known, tlie first suggestion ever made look- 
ing to the hnilding (tf a town on the site of Cleve- 

But Franklin's i)lan necessitated that the govern- 
ment should first drive the French away from the 
head-waters of tlie Ohio and tlie south shore of Lake 
Erie, and this was a very difficult thing to do. When 
it should be accomplished the problem of defending 
the frontiers would have been substantially solved, 
whether the projioscd colonics were established or 

In that year (1754) Washington, by attacking a 
French party which was spying around his camp, 
struck the first overt blow in the mo§t important war 
which had yet been waged in America. The French 
rallied their numerous friends among the western In- 
dians, and these came gliding down the lake in 
canoes, resplendent in war-paint and feathers, ready 
to aid their great father, the king of France. Some 
went to Prescpr Isle (Eric), and thence to the posts 
in the interior, but some went up the Cuyahoga to 
the " French," thence to the portage, and so 
on direct to Fort Duquesne. • 

In 1755, a crowd of these western savages defeated 
the disciplined army of Braddock, and the valley of 
the Ohio and the shores of Lake Eric appeared to be 
more fii-mly fixed than ever in the power of the 
French. Their grasji was loosened in 1758, when 
Fort Duquesne was surrendered to General Forbes, 
but was by no means entirely relinquished. The next 
year, at the same time that Wolfe was seeking glory 
and a grave under the walls of Quebec, General 
I'j-ideaux and Sir William Johnson, with a considera- 
ble force of English, Provincials and Iroqiiois, came 
to besiege Fort Niagara, justly considered the key of 
the whole upper-lake region. Again the western In- 
dians were called on, and again they hastened down 
the lake to the assistance of their French brethren. 

D'Aubrey, the commander at Venango, gathered 
all he could of both white and red, and hastened to 
the relief of Niagara. He was utterly defciited and 
captured, however, close to the walls of that post, 
and the fort itself was immediately surrendered to 
the English. When this news came westward, fol- 
lowed quickly by the intelligence of the fall of Quebec, 
the few reniainina; Frenchmen alone' the lakes sadiv 
foreboded the speedy transfer of this broad domain to 
the power of the hated English. In September of 
the next year (1700), the Marquis de Vandreuil, gov- 
ernor-general of Canada, surrendered that province 
to the English, including all the forts of the western 
country. This ended the long contest for dominion 
over the territory of northern Ohio, for no one could 
doubt that, with the French once subdued, the Eng- 
lish would be the virtual lords of the whole country, 
although they might permit the various tribes of In- 
dians to assert a nominal ownership. 



Major Koj^ei's and his Rangers sent to Detroit— The Command at the 
"ChOKage" — Location of that Stream— A Band of Ottawas— Questi4tn 
as to the presence of Pontiac— Kogers' description of the Meeting, and 
of subsequent Events— Sir William Johnson at the Cuyahoga — First 
British Vessel on Lake Erie— Conspiracy of Pontiac— Wilkins' Expe- 
dition—Location of the Disaster which befell it — Bradstreet's Expedi- 
tion—Its arrival in Ouj'ahoga County- Description of the Scene— The 
Command proceeds up the Lake— Its Return- Wreck of the Flotilla - 
Location of that Event— Destruction of Boats— Putnam and his Men ' 
return on Foot — Relics found near Rocky River— A Mi»und full i*f 
Bones— Query regarding its Occupants— Subsequent Events— Hard- 
ships of Early Navigation— Ohio annexed to the Province of Quebec — 
Lord Dunmore's War — The Revolution — Indian Forays — Murder of 
Moravian Indians — Meeting of Commissioners to negotiate Peace- 
Proposition to give Ohio to Great Britain — Its Defeat — Duration of 
English Dominion. 

As soon as the surrender of Canada had l)een en- 
forced, the British commander-in-chief. Gen. Amherst, 
felt that it was important to send a body of troops 
immediately to take possession of the western French 
posts, especially of Detroit, which had been looked 
on as the headquarters of French power oh the upper 
lakes by numerous warlike tribes, who would hardly 
believe that England was victorious as long as they 
saw the Gallic (lag flying from the battlements of 
that fortress. He selected for that purjjose the 
force reported to be the bravest body of partisans in 
the Anglo-American army—the celebrated New Hamp- 
shire Rangers, commanded by their renowned leader. 
Major Robert Rogers. Major Rogers had served 
throughout the war which was just closing, usually 
having a separate force with which he operated 
against the Indians or annoyed the French, and act- 
ing much of the time in concert with Israel Putnam, 
of Connecticut, whose fame as a partisan was second 
only to his own; each of them having done more daring 
deeds and experienced more hair-breadth escapes than 
would sutlico to fill a volume. 

This hardy backwoods leader, with his battalion of 
'•Ranger-s,' set out from Fort Niagara in October, 
1700. The command moved up the Niagara and set 
forth upon Lake Erie in the large bateaux, holding 
fifty men each, with which white troops usually navi- 
gated the great lakes at that period. On the 7th of 
November the battalion arrived at the mouth of a 
river which Rogers, in his published journal, calls the 
"Chogage." It has generally been assumed that this 
was the Cuyahoga, but weagree with Col. Whittlesey, 
the author of the Early History of Cleveland, in think- 
ing that it was much more probably the "Cheraga," 
as the Grand river was then called, according to the 
old maj)s; a name which has since become Geauga. 
Major Rogers, in his journal, gave the distances which 
he sailed nearly every day, and these, as stated after 
he left Presqu' Isle (Erie), would bring him just about 
to Grand river. "Chogage" is much more like 
Cheraga than it is like Cuyahoga or Canahogue, and 
as the Cuyahoga river was one of the best known 
streams in the western country, and was laid down 


on nil the maps of this region, it is certainly strange 
if Major Rogers, a man of marked intelligence, did not 
know its name and location. 

At this point Rogers met a band of Attawdira {Ot- 
liiwd) Indians, just arrived from Detroit. In Rogers' 
••Journal," jjublished in 17G5, nothing is said of Pon- 
tine or any other celebrated chief as being present on 
this occasion, but in his "Concise Account of the 
War," also published in 1705, it is stated that Pontiac 
was the leader of the jiarty and that he haughtily 
forbade the English from i)roceeding. Rogers was a 
good deal of an adventurer, and some have imagined 
that after Pontiac became celebrated tiie major added 
tlie account, of their meeting to give interest to his 
story. It is, however, one of those discrepancies 
which indicate truth rather than falsehood. If Major 
Rogers had inter|)olated the iiccount of Pontiac, he 
would have carefully made his two book.s harmonize 
oil that point; they being both, as we have said, pub- 
lished in the same year. It has been suggested that, 
as the Cuyahoga was the eastern boundary of Pon li- 
ne's territory, he would not have halted Rogers at 
(irand river. But it should always be remembered 
that Indian boundaries are not as clearly defined as 
those of the white man; and though the Cuyahoga was 
generally considered the boundary between the Iro- 
([Hoix and the western Indians, yet the old maps show 
an Oltdwa village on the east side of that stream, in 
the present townsiiip of Independence; so it may well 
be that the haughty Pontiac claimed as far east as 
(J rand river or even fartiier. We nuxy add that the 
great authority of P:irkman is decidedly in favor of 
the credibility of Rogers' account. 

According to that account the first delegation of 
Indians informed the major that the great chief, 
Pontiac, was not far off, and requested him to wait 
until that dignitary could see " with his own eyes" 
tiie Anglo-American commander. Accordingly Pon- 
ti;io soon met Rogers, demanded his business, and 
asked him how he dared to enter that country without 
his, Pontiac's, permission. Rogers ar.swered that he 
hail no design against the Indians, but should remove 
the French, the common enemy of both the whites 
and the Indians, at the same time giving a belt of 
wami)um. Pontiac said: 

'•I stand in the path you travel in until fo-niorrow 
morning;" thus forbidding the Americans to proceed, 
and emphasizing the command by the presentation of 
a wampum belt. Rogers continues: 

"When he departed for the night he inc|uirod 
wlietiier I wanted anything l-iiat his country afforded, 
ami he would send for it. 1 assured him that any 
provisions they brought should be paid for, and the 
next day we were su])plied by tiiem with several bags 
of parched corn and some otiier necessaries. At our 
second meeting he gave me the pij)e of peace, and 
both of us by turns smoked with it, and he assurc<l 
me he had made jieace with me and my detachment; 
that I might pass through his country unmolested, 
and relieve the French garrison, and tiiat he would 

protect me and my party from any insults that might 
be offered or intended by Indians; and as an earnest 
of his friendship he sent a iiundred warriors to pro- 
tect and assist us in driving a hundred fat cattle, 
which we had brought for the use of the detachment 
from Pittsburg by the way of Presqn' Isle [Erie], 
He likewise sent to the Indian towns on the south 
side and west end of Eakc Erie, to inform them that 
I had his consent to come into the country. He at- 
tended me constantly after this interview till I ar- 
rived at Detroit, and while I remained in the country, 
and was the means of preserving the detachment 
from the fury of the Indians, who had assembled at 
the mouth of the strait, with an intent to cut us off. 
I had several conferences with him, in which he dis- 
played great strength of judgment and a thirst after 

Rogers was detained at "Chogage" by contrary 
winds until the IStii of November, when he made a 
run, which he estimated at forty-one miles, to "Elk 
rivei-."' This was probably Rocky river, though the 
old maps show Elk river east of the Cuyahoga. Those 
maps were made from vague reports, and though they 
showed the names of the principal streams they fre- 
<[uently confused the localities. The distance from 
"Chogage'' (Cheraga, Geauga or Grand river) was so 
great that Rogers' next stopping place could not pos- 
sibly have been Chagrin river, and the Cuyahoga was 
too well known to be mistaken. From Rocky river 
the adventurous major, with his battalion of daring 
partisans, seasoned in a score of desperate conflicts 
with the savages, proceeded up the lake to remove the 
principal emblem of French dominion in the upper- 
lake region, while the Ottawa chiefs, preserving tlieir 
friendly demeanor, continued in the somewhat un- 
wonted task of escorting the detachment which drove 
tiie cattle along the shore. 

Rogers reached Detroit in safety, and took jtosses- 
sion of it in the name of King George the Second, 
and for a time it seemed as if all the tribes of the 
West were willing to acknowledge the supremacy of 
the British. The next year Sir William Johnson 
went to Detroit, to aid in attaciiing the western Iri- 
dians to the English crown by the same arts by which 
he had gained such a powerful influence over the 
Iroquois. He returned by the south side of the lake, 
(which seems to have been a favorite route, although 
tiie one along the north side was the shortest), and 
mentions his prejjarations to stoj) at the Cuyahoga; 
showing, as before stated, that that was a well known 

It was in 17(i"2, as near as can be ascertained, that 
the first British vessel sailed upon Lake Erie; a 
schooner called the "Gladwyn," designed to carry 
supplies to the posts on the upper lakes. 

Meanwhile the western Indian.s, including per- 
haps some of the westernmost tribes of the Iroquois, 
had been all the while growing more liostile to the 
English, ])artly on account of their attachment to the 
defeated French, partly from jealousy of the rapid 



progress of the English, and partly, probably, from 
disgust at the haughty ways of the conquerors, never 
as adroit as the French in the management of bar- 
barous tribes. A wide-spreading conspiracy was 
.skillfully organized by Pontiac, which in the spring 
of 1703 developed itself in simultaneous attacks on 
all the principal English posts. 

While that able though ferocious leader fiercely 
assaulted Detroit with liis Oltawas, other tribes came 
hurrying down the lake to attempt the capture of 
Fort Pitt, and still others united with the Senecns in 
besieging Fort Niagara. But, though nine smaller 
j)Osts were surprised and their garrisons massacred, 
the three just named withstood all the attempts of 
their foes. In the summer Major Rogers, who had 
returned east, was again sent up the lake with a de- 
tachment of provincials, to aid the garrison of De- 
troit. Pontiac still maintained the siege, and in the 
autumn another force of some six hundred regulars, 
nnder Major Wilkins, proceeded to the relief of the 
beleaguei'cd post. This force was wrecked on their 
way up, the artillery was lost, seventy-three ofBcers 
and men were drowned, and the remainder returned 
to Fort Niagara. 

It has been strenuously argued that this mishap 
occurred near Rocky river, in this county, but after 
a careful examination of the facts, we have no hesita- 
tion in deciding that it was on the north shore of the 
lake. The place mentioned in contemporary records 
as being the scene of the disaster was "Point aux 
Pins" (Point of Pines), a well known locality in the 
district of Kent, Canada West, which is mentioned 
on several of the old maps by the same appellation. 
Besides, if Bradstrect's disaster, which occurred the 
next j'car at that point, had been at the same place 
as that which befell Wilkins, some of the contempo- 
rary writers would undoubtedly have said so. 

Pontiac finally raised the siege of Detroit, but still 
maintained a hostile attitude toward the English. 
In the spring of 17C4 it w:is determined to send a 
sufficient force up the lake to awe the western Indians 
into subjection. Tiiis expedition was placed under 
the command of Colonel (commonly called General) 
Bradstreet, a native of Massachusetts, who had been 
quartermaster-general of tlie Northern army in several 
of its most important campaigns, and who was gen- 
erally considered one of the ablest and most enterpris- 
ing officers in the service. 

After a long halt at Fort Niagara, to compel the 
adhesion of the reluctant Seiiems, the command came 
up the lake, reaching the borders of Cuyahoga coun- 
ty in August. 

Colonel Bradstreet commanded the largest force of 
white men which had yet appeared on Lake Erie, be- 
sides a considerable number of Indians. They made 
a gay and formidable ajipearance as they swept up 
the lake, the white men in their great, open bateaux, 
holding forty or fifty men each, with sails spread to 
catch the favoring breeze; the red men in a cloud of 
light canoes, each burdened with but three or four 

warriors, and swiftly propelled through the water by 
the paddles of its inmates. 

It was one of those motley but picturesque bands, so 
common in those earl}' wars, which harmonized well 
with the wilderness through which they were often 
called to pass, and it presented more to interest the 
eye and the imagination than might a far larger and 
better disciplined army. Three hundred and fifty of 
the number were veteran soldiers of the scventeentli 
and fifty-fifth regiments of British I'egulars, clad in 
their brilliant, scarlet uniforms, officered by the elife 
of the aristocracy, and trained to obey every word of 
command with more than religious zeal. 

Beside them were three battalions of provincial 
troops from New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, 
numbering nearly eight hundred in all, less brilliantly 
clad and less rigidly disciplined than their English 
companions, but by no means to be confounded with 
ordinary militiamen. Nearly all of them had seen 
hard service in the many campaigns of the previous 
ten years, had shown themselves no unworthy foes of 
the soldiers of King Louis, and in combats with 
the Indians were more than equal to the red-coated 
musketeers of England. At the head of the Connect- 
icut battalion was that sturdy farmer-soldier, then a 
little over forty years of age, already renowned as one 
of the most valiant Indian-fighters on the continent, 
the companion or rival of Rogers in half a dozen 
desjierate campaigns, and afterwards destined to still 
wider fame as Major General Israel Putman, of the 
army of the Revolution. 

Besides these soldiers of Caucasian blood, the water 
was covered by a swarm of bark canoes, where gleamed 
beneath the August sun the knives, the tomahawks 
and the naked, copper-colored bodies of a thousand 
warriors, gathered from nearly all the tribes of the 
east to aid in the subjugation of their contumacious 
western brethren. Here were Mohawks, Oneiilnx, 
Onondagas, CiiyiKjas, Tuscaronis, C'onawar/as, JVan- 
iicokes, Stockhridyes, Oqu(i(/(i.% and even a few 0//ci- 
was from Canada, ready to make war on their coun- 
trymen and their great chieftain, Pontitic. The 
largest body, however, from uny tribe was composed 
of three hundred scowling Soiecn.i. who had only 
been persuaded to join bj' the mingled threats of 
Bradstreet and persuasions of Sir William Johnson 
(who had accompanied the expedition as far as Fort 
Niagara), and who had only the previous year pei'- 
petratcd the terrible massacre of the "Devil's Hole," 
on the bank of the Niagara, when nearly a hundred 
English soldiers were surprised and slain in a few 
terrible moments. They could hardly have been very 
reliable allies of the British, and were probably re- 
quired to accompan}' the expedition rather ;is hostages 
for their brethren at home than for any other ])ur- 

Colonel Bradstreet, as has before been stated, had 
been considered one of the very ablest and most en- 
terprising commanders in the service during the 
French war, but he was singularly unfortunate 


throughout this expedition. He was believed to liavc 
been deceived by a treaty he made with the Indians 
at Presqu' Isle. When lie reached Sandusky bay he 
could neither persuade the hostile Indians of the 
Scioto plains to come to him and make a treaty, nor 
could he, for lack of trans])ortation, go to them and 
cou(juer them. He next proceeded to Detroit, where 
perhaps the appearance of so large a force had a good 
elYect on the lingering followers of Pontine, and then 
returned to Sandusky bay. 

On tiie 18th of October lie re-cmbarked his men to 
return east, refusing to wait even a few hours for 
some who were absent from camp. Within a day or 
two after leaving Sandusky bay the boats were drawn 
u[) at night along an open beach, on Aviiich the men 
Muide their bivouac. During the night a storm arose, 
drove the boats ashore,- destroyed a large portion of 
them, and caused the loss of a great part of the pro- 
visions and ammunition. 

The locality of this disaster was, Ijeyond all reason- 
Ml)le doubt, at "McMahon's beach," in the town of 
Kockport, in this county, stretching from one to three 
miles west of Rocky river, and being from eight to 
ten miles west of Cleveland. The description of the 
locality corresjrouds with that given in contemporary 
accounts, though these ai'e not very definite, and 
moreover there have been an immense number of 
military relics found in that vicinity which could not 
have come from any other source tlian Bradstreet's 
unfortunate flotilla. The princii)alof these relics are 
descri))od in an elaborate paper by the late Dr. J. P. 
Kirtland, which is jjublished entire in Colonel Whit- 
tlesey's History of Cleveland, and of which we avail 
ourselves liberally and thankfully in this chapter. 

Some have attributed the disaster to the obstinacy 
of liradstreet, who insisted on drawing up his boats 
opposite the beach and lauding there, in opposition 
to the protests of his more experienced officers. Sir 
William Johnson, in a letter to General Gage, im- 
putes the misfortune to Bradstreet's relying on a 
]''rench pilot, of Detroit, who was suspected of betray- 
ing an Knglish officer — Captain Dalzell — into an In- 
dian ambuscade the year before. The man may have 
been treacherous, but the fact is hardly proven by 
his failing to navigate Lake Erie with a fleet of ba- 
teaux and canoes. The wonder is that so many of 
those old luivigators in such vessels escaped destruc- 

Parknum's account says the storm raged three 
(lays, but some part of this had probably spent its 
force before the flotilla drew up opposite McMahon's 
beach. If it had Ijcen beaten against the land during 
that period, there would hardly have been a single 
boat left. As it was, twenty-live bateaux (half of 
the whole number) were destroyed, and most of the 
ammunition and l)aggage was lost. 

Bradstreet proceeded to make the best arrange- 
ments he could for continuing his return home. His 
six brass lield-pieees were buried on the shore, as Sir 
William complained, " in the sight of ye French vil- 

lain," who, he feared, would canse them to be dug 
up by the Indians and used against Detroit. The re- 
maining boats being too few to carry all the men, 
the commandant directed a hundred and seventy 
rangers, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel 
Putnam, to march along the shore of the lake and 
river to Fort Niagara, while the main body of the 
army proceeded by boat to the same jilace. 

Among the numerous relics described by Dr. Kirt- 
land, interesting of themselves, and also as proving 
beyond doubt the locality of Bradstreet's disaster, we 
will mention the following ; some being found at Mc- 
Mahon's beach, and some in the immediate, vicinity 
of Rocky river, a mile or two farther down. The 
discovery of these at the latter point led Dr. Potter to 
believe that Major Wilkius' expedition was wrecked 
there, but, as before stated, there is no reasonable 
doubt but what that disaster occurred on the north 
shore of Lake Erie, and it is of course jjrobable in the 
highest degree that some of Bradstreet's boats would 
be carried down to the moiitli of the river before they 
broke up. 

All elaborately finished sword was thrown on the 
beach fronting the right bank of Rocky river in 1830, 
which was picked up by Orin Joiner, a member of 
the family of Datus Kelley. The top of the hilt was 
a large lion's head of pure silver, of which metal the 
guard was also composed. The silver was melted 
down by a Cleveland goldsmith to whom the sword 
was sold. Dr. Potter supposes the lion's head to 
have been an ensign of the naval service, but the de- 
tailed report of the forces emiiloycd on the expedi- 
tion does not show that any belonged to the navy. 
There were seventy-four "bateau-men," but these 
were landsmen hired by Bradstreet, and organized in 
a corps to navigate the vessels from which they took 
tlii'ir name. 

In 1843, the bow-stem of a large liateau was thrown 
upon the beach, after a storm which tore up the sand- 
bank that extends from the east side of the mouth of 
the river into the lake. The wood was thoroughly 
water-soaked and jjartly covered with a(piatic moss, 
the irons were deeply rusted, and the whole had evi- 
dently been long imbedded in the sand. Numerous 
pieces of muskets, bayonets, guns, flints, etc., were 
also brought to the surface of the sand-bank, or 
thrown on shore, by the same fetorni. Mr. Frederick 
Wright drew in six bayonets with his seine in one 
night, a short time afterwards. 

At the mouth of "McMahon's run"' the irons and 
the remnants of a bateau were found by the first 
settlers of the township. Several years later two 
six-pound cannon-balls and a number of musket-balls 
became exposed by the action of the lake at the foot 
of a clay cliff at the west end of the bottom-lands. 
Tliis is supposed to have been the i)lace where Brad- 
street buried Jiis cannon and ammunition. 

About 1831, a young daughter of Datus Kelley 
found in the sand of McMahon's beach a silver spoon 
of heavy make and coarse workmanship, evidently 


datiug from the last century. It doubtless belonged 
to one of Bradstroet's officers, as did also another 
of the same description, found by Oscar Taylor in 
1851. Numerous bayonets and pieces of muskets 
were also thrown by the surf upon the beach, whicli 
were collected by the families of Governor Wood and 
Colonel Merwin. 

Of still greater interest is a bayonet which remained 
until its discovery, some twenty years ago, imbedded 
in the blue clay of the bank of a gully on the farm of 
Colonel Merwin, where it had evidently been driven 
to its base by a soldier, to helj) himself and his com- 
rades up the steep ascent. On the upland just above 
the beach, the early settlers found a stack of bayonets 
covered with soil and vegetation, just as they had been 
l)iled by a squad of tired soldiers after they had as- 
cended the bank. 

We are able, too, to follow the track of Putnam and 
his men for a short distance, with reasonable certainty, 
as they started on their tedious journey through the 
forest. They appear to have followed a ridge leading 
from the vicinity of McMahon's beach to the crossing 
of Eocky river, near the plank-road bridge. On this 
ridge, near the residence of Frederick Wright, one of 
the soldiers threw down nearly a peck of gun-flints, 
which were found there sixteen or eighteen years ago 
by the gentleman just named. T3y their beiug aban- 
doned so early on the journey, it is probable that it 
was done by Putnam's order, who foresaw that his 
men were less likely to run out of flints than they 
were to fail in strength on the wearisome march. 

Farther east, along the ridge, a silver teaspoon, re- 
sembling those already mentioned, was found at the 
first plowing of the ground afterwards occupied by 
the orchard of John Williams. Still farther on, in 
the garden of the Patchen Inn, Mr. Silverthorn in 
1862 found three or four dollars in small silver 
])ieces, of French and English coinage, all of earlier 
date than 17(54. It is difficult to account for them 
except on the theory that one of Putnam's officers or 
men threw off some article of clothing there, and in 
his fatigue and perplexity neglected to remove this 
money from the pockets. la 186.3, Mr. P. A. Delford 
also discovered, near the plank-road gate, two copper 
pennies, bearing the date of 1749 and the face of 
George the Second. 

In tin's account we have not only followed the de- 
scription given by Dr. Potter, (condensing it to some 
extent), but have adopted his views in regard to the 
course of events thus far, except as to the wreck of 
Major Wilkin's exi)edition. We have more doubts, 
however, as to his theory that the contents of a mound 
in that vicinity were the bones of Bradstreet's soldiers, 
drowned in the disaster of October, 1764. All the 
contemporary reports say that no lives were lost, and 
this corresponds with the usual account of the event, 
according to which the boats were drawn up along 
the shore and the men landed, and then the storm 
destroyed the boats. This would certainly give the 
men a chance to escape, and there is no reasonable 

doubt that they did escape. Dr. Potter notices a 
memorandum that "the losses of officers and men by 
the wreck was made the subject of legislative action," 
and thence concludes that many were drowned; but 
this statement evidently refers to the "losses" of 
property by the officers and men. Otherwise the 
word "loss" would have been used. 

The mound in question was located a hundred and 
fifty feet east of the plank-road bridge across Rocky 
river, being, when the land was cleared, about a rod 
square and rising two or three feet above the adjacent 
ground. The covering was so thin that the bones 
could easily be reached by a spade, and many l)ones 
were scattered about tiie surface. About 1850 Mr. 
Worden attemjited to plow through it, but found so 
many bones, and especially skulls, that he desisted. 
Mr. Eaton, who again plowed into the mound in 
1861, brought to Dr. Potter two bushels of bones, in- 
cluding a dozen craniums, and there was a large 
amount left; the skeletons being piled in tiers on top of 
each other, and the bottom of the collection being two 
or three feet below the surface. Certainly, if so large 
a num])erof Bradstreet's soldiers had perished and been 
buried there, some of the numerous reports regarding 
thatexj)editiou would havesaid something about them. 
It is almost needless to add that white people do not 
bury their dead on the top of the ground, and heap 
up a thin covering of earth into a mound above them, 
especially when there was no greater reason for haste 
than there was then. 

Dr. Potter states that he explored the grave to the 
bottom; that the skeletons were all those of adult 
males; that he found several Indian relics among 
them; that he and "one of the most jierfect craniolo- 
gists of our country," pronounced the skulls to be 
those of Anglo-Saxons, except one, which he believed 
to be that of an Indian — adding, however, that he 
might be in error, and that "all may be Anglo-Saxon. " 
But if such errors could be made, then all may have 
been Indian, which they probably were, judging from 
the character of the mound, the articles found in it, 
and the fact that there is no evidence that any sucli 
number of white people ever died in that vicinity 
previous to the present century. 

On the 23nd of October Bradstreet cami)ed at 
Grand river; so that he probably left Rocky river that 
morning. He arrived with the main army at Fort 
Niagara on the 4th of November, and proceeded 
thence to Oswego and Albany. Nothing is known of 
Putman and his gallant band after they plunged into 
the forest at Rocky river save that they, too, in time 
made their way to Fort Niagara, though after su fleer- 
ing numerous hardships. It was not until the latter 
part of December that the last of the provincials 
reached their homes. 

In May, 1765, the schooner "Victory" was sent to 
get the cannon left by Bradstreet near "Riviere aux 
Roches" (Rocky river), but was prevented by bad 
weather. As the authorities were evidently desirous 
to obtain them, there is every reason to suppose they 



dill so, though there is no direct evidence to that 
eflEcot; for certainly there must have been i)leiity of 
weather during the season when half a dozen light 
lield-pieces could be loaded on to a schooner. 

For many years after these events very little oc- 
curred within the territory of Cuyahoga county re- 
(|uiriiig tlic iiutice of history. Tiie Irui/itoiK used it 
as a hunting-ground, and their war parties occasion- 
ally made excursions over it, or coasted along its bor- 
ders, to attack those whom they chose to consider 
their enemies living farther west, but very rarely, if 
ever, did the latter venture to return their visits and 
assail (he fierce confederates of New York. 

Detachments of British soldiers also occasionally 
jiassed by here on their way to or from the upper 
[iiists. The freight of the lake consisted of supplies 
fur the military posts, goods to trade with the Indians 
ami furs received in return. It was carried almost 
entirely in open boats, or bateaux, similar to those 
which bore the commands of liogers and Bradstreet; 
some of them going on the north side and some on 
the south side of the lake. Of course the navigation 
was very dangerous, and many were the hardships at- 
tending tlie traffic. Tlie New York (haef/e in Feb- 
nuiry, 1770, informed its readers that several boats 
had been lost in crossing Lake Erie, and that the dis- 
tress of tile crews was so great that they were obliged 
to keep two human bodies, found on the north shore, 
so as to kill for food the ravens and eagles which came 
to feed uj>on the. corpses. Certainly a most startling 
picture of the terrors attending tlie early commercial 
operations on Lake Erie. 

In 1774 an act of Parliament declared the whole 
territory northwest of the Ohio to be a part of tlie 
province of Quebec, thougli without prejudice to the 
rights of other colonies. Lord Dunniore, the royal 
governor of Virginia, however, declared the act to be 
in derogation of the rights of his province, and pro- 
ceeded to grant large tracts of land northwest of tiie 
Ohio. For other reasons the patriot leaders of tbe 
colonies were strongly opposed to a law which trans- 
ferred the whole Northwest to a province which had 
no constitutional government, and was arbitrarily 
ruled by the crown. 

This was the period of "Lord Dunmore's War," in 
which the Indians occupying the present territory of 
Ohio, western Pennsylvania and western Virginia, 
under the lead of the celebrated Logan, were defeated 
by the N'irginians at Point Pleasant, at the mouth of 
the Kanawha. It does not appear to have changed 
in any resjiect the condition of affairs on the shores 
of Lake Erie. 

The next year the Ilevolution broke out, but tliis 
locality was too far from the frontier to be the scene 
of any portion of that conflict. The nearest Ameri- 
can settlement was at Pittsburg, tlie village which 
had grown up around Fort Pitt, distant about a hun- 

dred and twenty miles in a straight line from the 
mouth of the Cuyahoga. Many of the western In- 
dians, however, were persuaded to take arms in favor 
of the British, mainly by persuasion of the Frencli 
leaders whom they liad long been accustomed to ad- 
mire and to follow, and who were employed by tlie 
English for that purpose. War jiarties accordingly 
fre(|uently passed down the lake; some going on to 
join the English forces in Canada — others turning off 
at the Cuyahoga and going uii its valley, whence 
they made their stcaUhy way to the Ohio and struck 
bloody blows at the settlers around Pittsburg. The 
inspiration of these expeditions came from the Brit- 
ish post at Detroit, whence the Indians received arms, 
ammunition and jiresents of various kinds, to encour- 
age them to continue in their bloody work. 

So numerous did these outrages become that in 1 ^ 7S 
an expedition was projected against Detroit, intended 
to break up the nest where so many murders were 
hatched. As preliminary to this a force was sent out 
from Pittsburg against the Sniidiiiikt/ Indians, but 
it only went as far as the jircsent county of Tuscara- 
was, where Fort Laurens was built, but abandoned the 
next year. The expedition against Detroit was given 
up. Other attacks upon the hostile Indians were 
made nearly every year. 

In 1782 occurred the celebrated murder of about 
a hundred peaceable Moravian Indians in the terri- 
tory of Tuscarawas county, liy a force of frontier 
militia under Colonel Williamson. After this shock- 
ing event the hostile Indians became more bitter than 
ever, and many wlio had jireviously been neutral now 
united with the infuriated friends of the iniirdered 

Meanwhile the English had been taught by a score 
of defeats that they could not concpier America, and 
in 17S3 commissioners met in Paris to consider the 
terms of peace. One of the most important fpies- 
tions was that of the boundary between the British 
provinces and the United States. Coinmissioner Os- 
wald, one of the representatives of (Jreat Britain, 
proposed the Ohio river as the boundary line; claim- 
ing the northwestern territory as jiart of the i>rovince 
of (Juebec under the law of 177-t. This i>roposition 
was also secretly favored by Vergennes, the French 
minister. It was vehemently opjiosed by the Ameri- 
can commissioners, headed by .John Adams, and the 
line was finally fixed in the middle o( the great lakes 
and their connecting rivers. The definite treaty of 
peace, recognizing the indepemlcnce of the United 
States, was signed in the fore part of 178:5, and all 
this region ceased by law to be under English do- 

it will be seen that uiKpiestioiied British authority 
over the territory of Cuyahoga county only lasted from 
the surrender of Canada in 17G0 to the peace of Paris 
in 1783 — twenty-three years. 





Dttentiun of Western Posts by the Briti h— Dissensions Among Ihe 
States About the Northwest— Origin of Contticting Claims— The Fii-st 
Englisli Charter— The Seeond Charter for Virginia-The Plymouth 
Charter— Annulment of the Virginia Charter— Grant of Massachu- 
setts by the Plymouth Company- -Grant of Connecticut to Earl War- 
wick by the same Company — Its Boundaries— Its Conveyance to Lord 
Say and Seal, Lord Brooke and others— The New York Claim— Views 
of Ihe Slates without Claims -New York fii-st cedes her Claim to the 
United States — Virginia follows— Also Massachusetts — Connecticut 
cedes her Claim to all but the Western Reserve — The Indian "Right 
of Occupancy " — The Iroquois cede all East of the Cuyahoga— Treaty 
with the Wyandots. Delawares and others — First Trade from Pitts- 
burg — Primitive Engineering — First House in Cleveland — The Mora- 
vians in Cuyahoga County- Outline of their Past History— Their Con. 
version— Their Peaceful Conduct — The Massacre— Wandering of the 
Survivors— They arrive at the Mouth of the Cuyahoga— Locate in the 
present Independence — Call their New Home Pilgerruh— Their Course 
during the Year— Speech of an Apostate— Connecticut attempts to 
sell the Reserve— Wreck of the "Beaver"— The Crew winter on the 
Site of Cleveland— The Moravians Leave the County— Their Subse- 
quent Fortunes— Organization of the Northwestern Territory— Form- 
ation of Washington County— Another Indian Treaty— An old French 
Trader— Defeat of Harmar and St. Clair— Conveyance <if the " Fire- 
Lands "—Wayne's Victory and Treaty 

On the couclusiou of the treaty of peace the 
Americans expected, of course, to take immediate 
](ussession of tlie posts previously held by the British, 
lying south of the boundary line. The English 
ooveruinent, however, refused to give them up, giv- 
ing as an excuse the alleged unfair conduct of some 
of the States regarding debts owed by their citizens 
to British subjects. The posts at Fort Niagara, at 
I)etroit and on the Sandusky river were thus re- 
tained. The Indians naturally looked on their pos- 
sessors as the great men of the lake region, and thus 
the English maintained a })redomiuant influence over 
this part of the country many years after any sem- 
lilance of legal title had passed away. 

Meanwhile, even during the Revolution, dissensions 
had arisen between the States regarding tlie owner- 
siiip of the vast country lying between the Alle- 
ganies, the great lakes and the Mississipi)i. Several 
of the States had conflicting claims, based on royal 
charters or other grounds, while those who had no 
such claims insisted that that unoccupied, territory 
ought to belong to all the States in cominoii, since it 
bad been rescued from the power of Great Britiiin by 
tlicir united efforts. We will endeavor to give a brief 
sketch of the principal jiretensions put forth by the 
States, so far as they relate to this locality. An elabo- 
rate account of them all, with all their ramifications, 
would require a volume. 

In IGOO, R ng James the First granted a charter 
to certain noblemen, gentlemen and merchants of 
England, conveying to them all the eastern sea-coast 
of North America, between the thirty-fourth and 
forty-fifth degrees of north latitude; that portion 
between the thirty-fourth and thirty-eighth degrees 
be ug granted to a company resident in London 
and vicinity, and that between the forty-first and 
forty-fiftli degrees to a company resident in the west of 
England, while Ijoth liad the privilege of establishing 
colonies between the thirty-eighth and forty-first de- 
grees, and of occuijying the land for fifty miles 

each way along the coast from the point of settle- 
ment, and fifty miles back. The western company 
failed to establish a colony in the territory granted 
to it. The Lontlon comjiany, with great difficulty, 
succeeded in planting one in V^irginia. 

So, in 1609, King James gave a new charter to the 
London comiiany, under the title of "The Treasurer 
and Company of Adventurers and Planters of the 
City of London for the first colony of Virginia." In 
this charter his majesty granted to the company all 
Virginia, from Old Point Comfort, at the outlet of 
Chesapeake bay, two hundred miles northward and 
the same distance southward along the coast, "and 
all up into the mainland throughout, from sea to sea, 
west and northwest." It was on this charter, and 
this alone, that Virginia afterwards claimed the great 
nortli western territory, giving the terms " west and 
northwest" the widest range of which they were 

In 1020, King James gave a charter to the "Second 
Colony of Virginia," commonly called the Plymouth 
Company, Gonii)rising all the territory between the 
fortieth and forty-eighth degrees of north latitude, 
under the title of New England, granting it to them 
" in length of and within all the breadth aforesaid, 
throughout all the mainlands, from sea to sea, 
together with all the tirm lands, etc., upon the main, 
and within the said islands and seas adjoining," pro- 
. vided it was not actually possessed by any Christian 
prince or State. 

In 1024 the charter of the London or First Virginia 
comjiany, covering Virginia proper, was set aside and 
declared void by the English courts, under a writ of 
quo warranto, on account of the misconduct or neg- 
lect of the proprietors. The next year King Charles 
the First declared that the territory previously cov- 
ered by the forfeited charier should thenceforth be 
dependent on him, and it was tretited and considered 
as a royal government; the right of granting vacant 
lands being vested in the crown. Maryland, Dela- 
ware, North Carolina, South Carolina and parts of 
Pennsylvania and Georgia were afterwards formed 
out of the territory covered by the forfeited charter, 
without any protest on the part of the peojjle or gov- 
ernment of Virginia. 

In 1G28 the council of Plymouth, in whom, as 
before stated, had been vested the title of New Eng- 
land, granted to Governor Eudicott and others all the 
lands from three miles north of the Merrimac river to 
three miles south of Massachusetts Bay, extending 
west "from sea to sea," excej)t lands occupied by any 
foreign prince or State. This became the province 
of Massachusetts bay, which claimed a territory about 
seventy miles wide and four thousand miles long, 
running from the Atlantic to the Pacific. As, how- 
ever, the strip in question would all go north of 
Cuyahoga county, we need give no farther attention 
to it. 

In 1030 the council of Plymouth also conveyed to its 
president, Robert, Earl of Warwick, the territory em- 

THE PERIOD FROM 1783 TO 17114. 


braced in the following description : "All that xmrt of 
New England in America wliicii lies and extends itself 
from a river there called Narragansett river, the space 
of forty leagues upon a straight line near the sea shore, 
towards southwest, west and iiy south, or west, as the 
coast lieth, towards N'irginia, accounting three English 
miles to the league; all and siugular, the lands and 
liorcditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the 
hounds aforesaid, north and south, in latitude and 
breadth, and in length and longitude, and within all 
I he breadth aforesaid, throughout all the main lands 
there, from the Western ocean to the South Seas." 

In 1G31, the territory thus diabolically described 
was conveyed by the Earl of Warwick to Lord Brooke 
and Lord Say and Seal, and their associates, who be- 
came the founders of Connecticut. It was on the 
ground of the aliove grant that (Connecticut after-' 
wards claimed the northern i)art of Ohio, and really, 
considering the extraordinarily puzzling nature of the 
description just given, we see no reason Avhy that 
State should not have claimeil all North America by 
the same title. The northern limit of Connecticut 
was, however, fixed by the English authorities at 
forty-two degrees and two minutes, and the southern 
one at forty-one degrees north latitude, and we believe 
the officials of the (!olony and State translated the 
unintelligible lingo of Pjarl Warwick's deed to mean 
that those northern and southern limits should be 
extended westward to the Pacific ocean. 

The deed to Eai'l Warwick and the subse(|uent 
charter confirming Conuecticut in its ])olitical powers 
were never annulled nor forfeited, arid were the foun- 
dation of Connecticut's claim, not only to northern 
Ohio, but to the celebrated Wyoming valley in Penn- 
sylvania, where many bitter and even bloody contests 
took place before the Revolution, between the factious 
of the two States just named. 

Moreover, New York had a claim to northwestern 
Ohio nearly as good as that of Connecticut, and much 
better than that of Virginia. The nations of Indians 
who resided on the frontiers of its settlement, were 
always considered as particularly pertaining to her 
jurisdiction, and her colonial assembly had fre<|uently 
been at considerable expense in keeping a commis- 
sioner among them and conciliating their good will. 
The State, therefore, claimed a pre-emptive title to 
their lands, and insisted that those lauds reverted to 
her after they were forfeited by the hostility of the 
/reijiiois during the Revolution. Rut it was generally 
admitted that the Iroquois lands extended to the 
Cuyahoga river; consequently New York asserted 
her title thus far west, as the succes.sor of those 

The claims of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vir- 
ginia were all interfered with by the actual possession 
established by the French and Dutch, but when the 
colonics founded by these nations were con<|uered by 
the English, M;vss»chusetts, Connecticut and Virginia 
insisted that the crown should make good its original 
''rants. Rut the kind's ministers took no such view 

of the matter; they did not, when New York was 
acquired, extend the dominion of Massachusetts nor 
Connecticut over it. and when the Ohio country was 
ac((uired it was, as we have seen, maile a part of the 
province of Quebec. 

Thus it was near the close of the Revolution nu- 
meriius eonllicting claims were i)ut forth to the fair 
hind between Luke Ei'ie ami the Ohio river, which 
it was easy to see would ho I lie home of a thriving 
population. Rut all the other Slates than those 
named above were strongly opposed to the recogni- 
tion of those claims. They argued, and with justice, 
that not only had s(une ni' those pretensions, ])articu- 
larly those of Virginia, lieen long since annulled by 
due course of law, but that, no matter what might 
be the technical title derived from some old yellow 
parchment, the valley of the Ohio and of the lakes 
had actually been conquenid both from France and 
from Great Rritain by the blood and treasure of all 
the colonics, and that all were eipially entitled to 
share in the results. Maryland had been e,si)ecially 
active in ojiposiug the pretensions of Virginia on this 
subject, and had been with difficulty persuaded to 
enter the old Confederation (in 1777) by the pledge 
that she should be justly treated regarding the puiilic 

It was evident to every one that the oidy way to 
settle these dis])utcs without violence was to cede the 
land west of the Allcganies, or the greater part of it, 
to the Confederation, and the patru)tism of the d;iy 
was equal to the occasion. New York led the way, 
in the forepart of 1780, by ceding to the general gov- 
ernment all her claims to the territory west of a line 
drawn north and south through the westernmost i)ai't 
of Lake Ontario. In December of the same year. 
Virginia followed with a cession of all her right to 
both the soil and the jurisdiction of the whole tract 
northwest of the Ohio river. These cessions were 
con firmed after the treaty of jjeace, and acce])l.ed by 
the Congress of the Confederation. Massachusetts 
abandoned her claim to the country west of the west 
boundary of New York, as (lefined just above, and 
compromised with that Slate in regard to a large 
tract cast of that line. 

C'oiinecticut, however, being a very small State, was 
naturally more tenacious than the others regarding 
her land. Besides, She had been engaged in a long, 
bitter controversy with Pennsyivania regarding the 
colony she had planted i!i the Wyoming valley, a con- 
troversy in which much blood had been shed, and in 
which the passions of the people of Connecticut luid 
been warmly aroused in favoi-ol' their title to the laiul 
lying west of them, from " sea to sea.'" Nevertheless, 
after much negotiating, in the year 1780 she cedeil to 
the LTuited States her claims to all the land west of a 
line a hundred and twenty miles west from the west 
boundarv of Pennsylvania. The tract between 
boundary and the line first mentioned she retained 
for herself, and the other States seem to have acceded 
to iier position. The tract thus excepted from the 



gciicrul cession was thenceforth known as the Connec- 
ticut Western Reserved Lands, or, more briefly, as tlie 
Western Reserve. 

Meanwhile measures had been specdilj' taken to 
ol)tain a cession of the "right of occupancy"' of the lu- 
diatis. It should be understood that in all the dealings 
of Europeans with the Indians it was taken for granted 
tliat the absolute title to the land — what in law is called 
the fee simple — was vested in whatever European gov- 
ernment could establish its power over it, by discovery, 
by building forts on it, or by conquest. But, as a gen- 
eral rule, tribes of Indians with whom the European 
nation might be at peace were considered as having a 
certain inferior title, called the right of occupancy. 
So long as they refused to sell the laud and remained 
at peace, it was considered illegal to remove them by 
force, but they were not permitted to sell to any one 
except the government or colony holding the title, 
unless the purchaser had obtained a grant from that 
government or colony. Tiie same system prevails to 
the present day; the United States claiming the title 
to all the unoccupied lands within its boundaries, but 
not attempting to settle any given tract until it has 
first purchased the Indian "right of occupancy" — at 
the same time forliidding ony one else to purchase the 
Indian title. 

In colonial times, and perhaps at a later day, it 
would appear as if speculators and frontiersmen had 
sometimes got up wars for the express purpose of 
driving the Indians from their lands. But the great 
confederacy of the warlike Iroquois was too powerful, 
and too good a guard of the colony of New York 
against the hostile French, to be treated in this manner, 
and down to the time of the Revolution they had 
hunted over their broad domain with rarely any mo- 
lestation. In that contest, however, they had, in spite 
of many pledges to the contrary, waged deadly and 
unsparing war against the colonists, and at the treaty 
of peace iiad been abandoned by the British witiiout a 
single stipulation in their favor. The United States 
did not directly confiscate any portion of the land the 
Iroquois had claimed, but they brouglit such a pres- 
sure to bear that tlie latter very well understood that 
some of it must be given up. 

Accordingly, at a council held at Fort Stanwix, in 
ITS-i, between commissioners of the United States 
and the chiefs of the ,Si.r Nations, the latter ceded to- 
tiie former, besides a small tract in New York, all 
their laud west of the west bounds of Pennsylvania 
and of the Ohio river. 

But Indian titles are usually very indefinite, and 
notwithstanding the long established pretensions of 
the Iroquois it was thought best to obtain a distinct 
renunciation of the claims of tiie western Indians to 
tiie same tract. In January, 178.5, a treaty was made 
at Fort Mcintosh, by George Rogers Clark, Richard 
Butler and Arthur Lee, with those who called them- 
selves the chiefs of the \Vi/au//ofs, Dehiwnrcs, Oliip- 
ppimsAnt\ 0/fa/ras, liy wliiclitliose tribes were placed 
under the protection of tiie United States and a 

definite boundary of their territory was established. 
The boundary between the LTnited States on the one 
hand and the Wyandots and Delawares on the other, 
was to begin at the mouth of tlie Cuyahoga river, go 
up that stream to the portage and across to the Tus- 
carawas; thence down to the forks of the Muskingum; 
thence west to the portage of the Big Miami; thence 
to the Miami of the Lakesor Omce (Maumee) ; thence 
down that stream to its mouth. 

The United States allotted tiie lands tlius bounded 
to the Wyandots and Delawares and to such of the 
Ottawds as then dwelt there, to live and hunt on. It 
was jirovided that no citizen of the United States 
should settle on those lands, and if any did so that 
the Indians might punisli them as they pleased. Tlie 
claims of these triljes to all the lands east, south and 
west of those above descriljed were formally relin- 
quished. It was further provided that if any Indian 
should murder a citizen, his tribe should deliver him 
to the nearest military post. Three military reserva- 
tions were excepted from the Indian territory by the 
United States, but none of them were within the pre- 
sent county of Cuyahoga. 

The territory of Cuyahoga county was thus, for the 
time being, divided by the Cuyahoga river into two j 
sections; the western section l)eing devoted to Indian \ 

occupancy, while the eastern part was intended for the 
home of Caucasian civilization. It was not, however, 
occupied for some time afterwards, on account of its 
distance from the settlements already established. 

Down to this time there had been only a slight trade 
in Indian goods and furs, back and forth between 
Pittsburg and the mouth of the Cuyahoga. In the J 
sjiring of 178C, we find the first account of any con- I 
siderable commercial operation lietween those two 
points. The firm of Duncan & Wilson, of Pittsburg, 
had made a contract with Caldwell & Elliott, of De- 
troit, to deliver to their agent at the mouth of the 
Cuyahoga a large quantity of flour and bacon. In 
May they began to forward it from Pittslnirg, employ- 
ing for that purpose about ninety pack-horses and 
thirty men. Mr. James Hillman, (afterwards known 
as Col. Hillman, of Youngstown,) was one of the men 
employed, and has given an interesting account of 
the transaction in a letter published in Col. Whittle- 
sey's Early History of Cleveland. 

The long train of Inirdened animals followed the 
great Indian trail, leading from Pittsburg to the 
Sandusky, as far as " Standing Stone,'" on the Cuya- 
hoga, near the present village of Franklin, passing 
thence along a smaller trail to the mouth of Tinker's 
creek, in the present town of Independence in this 
county. There the train forded the Cuyahoga and 
proceeded down the west side, passing a small log 
house, which a trader named Maginnis had lately left. 
At the mouth of the Cuyahoga the men found an 
Englishman named Ilawder, sent thither by Caldwell 
and Elliott to receive the freight, who had put up a 
tent in which he resided. No one else was at the 
mouth of the river. 

TIIK lM<:ifI(»I) FROM \7i<:] TO i;'.)4. 


As tlio freif^'lit \v:is ilolivcrtul, il was forwardi'd by 
llio sail-l)0!it. " Mackinaw"' to Detroit. The month 
of tlie C'uyahojfa was then wlierc it is reniembereil lo 
iiavc been by old residents before the ojipuinj^ of the 
present channel; the water runninfr tiirongh what is 
now called (he "old bed." There was. however, a 
ponil, called bv I be p.iclcnien "Sniinsli |)ond,'" lyinu' 
slid furl her west, and liaAini;' been, a.piiarcnl 1 y, a si ill 
..l.ler bed ,,r I be iMver. 

As the W(ii-1< of Iranspoi-tation was expected to last 
all snnuncr. the men desire(l lo establish themselves 
(111 the easi side (d' tlu' river. ]iart,ly, perhaps, to uet 
otf fr(ini Indian i;ronnil. bnl principally on acconnt 
of a line spring of water which bid)bled forth near 
I be present foot of Snperior street. But it was ditVi- 
cnlt lo cross the river, and to sail np it in the ••>raek- 
inaw" was impracticable, Ijeeanse the nioulb was 
closed by a sand-bar. Ft was opened by a veiy sim- 
ple jtiece of engineering. The men made some wood- 
en shovels, waded ont n])on the sand-bar. and dng a 
ditch Ibrongh which I be walei- ran with snllicient 
force Id cl(>ar a channel navigable for the •"Macki- 

Having sailed np to the dcsii'cd locality, they made 
ciillars for their horses out of Idankets, and tngs out 
of the raw elk-hide tent-ro]>es, drew together some 
small logs, anil built a cabin near the spring before 
mentioned. This is the first house that is known 
with certainty to have been erected on the site of the 
city of (!lev('land, though it is iiuite probable that 
there had previously been a temporary trading-jiost 
on one side or the other of the Cuyahoga at its month. 

The traflic described by Mr. llillman continued 
Ibronghont the season; siv round trips being made by 
the trains. We infer fi-om the langinige of a letter 
from Mr. llillman. pidilisbeil in the Early History 
of ('le\ eland, that some nlber goods besides flour 
and bacon were taken to (be month of the Cuyahoga, 
and that sonu' furs were trans|)orted back to IMlts- 
biirg. SouLC of the ui>ward-bound freigld. was taken 
to Hetroil. by water and some by land. 

Meanwhile, and almost simultaneously with the be- 
ginning of thistrallie, the first set tienient was made 
in (hiyahoga county by peojile who designed to de- 
vote themselves to the arts of ])eace and civilization, 
though most of them were not of the proud Caucas- 
ian race. It was about the Ttii of June, 1780, that a 
weary liand of travel-worn men and women crossed 
the western border of Cuyahoga county, and nnidc 
their way along the lake shore toward the month of 
tbe Cuyahoga river. They arrived there on the Sth, 
and almost at the same time a flotilla of canoes came 
down the lake, with the old men and women and some 
of the children belonging to the households, whose 
more vigorous members had nuirched on shore. Tlie 
schooner " Mackinaw" had just ])reviously brought 
their heavy luggage and the most inlirm of their 

All, save two leaders, Avere of uniinxcd Indian 
blood, yet they Ijore upon their tawny features an 

ex})ression rarely seen among those fierce, relentless 
denizens of the forest — an expressiim of mildness, 
of ])atiencc, of resignation, lightened up only by 
occasioTud gleams of religious enthusiasm. Their 
l)rincipal leaders were two sturdy, broad-shouldered 
men, with the unnustakable round, (Jerunin physiog- 
nomy, but whose fair Teutonic complexuju had been 
bronzed by long exposure almost tf) the aboriginal 
line. These were .lohn Ileckcwelder ami David Zeis- 
bergcr, and their followers were the remnant of that 
celebrated band of Moravian Indians, cruel 
fate fcu'ms at once one of the saddest and one of the 
darkest, pages of American hist(MT. 

(!onvert,ed to (Christianity by the efl'orts of the Mo- 
ldavian missiomiries, they had established themselves 
in the fci'tile valley of the Muskingum before the 
Uevolidion. where, unmoved by the sneei'S of their 
brethren of the woods, they sought to live by agri- 
culture and the chase, eschewing war, [terformiug the 
duties of their religion, and nuinifesting every evi- 
dence of a sincere abhorrence both for the theoretical 
errors and practical crimes of i)aganism. During the 
Iievoluti(ni they were objects of distrust to both par- 
ties, though, so far as can be ascertained, without 
cause on the part of either. As the war w'ent on, nu- 
merous outrages were committed on the frontier of 
Pennsylvania by Imlians, especially by /)e/iiir(irei<, 
to which tribe a large part of the Moravian Indians 
hail belonged. The fierce Scotch-Trish froidiersnien 
were furious for revenge, and they eared little on 
whom il fell. It was to concoct stories that the 
Moravian Indiiins hai'bored and aided the nuirauders, 
though all the circnmstances showed that such was 
not the case. 

At the same time the pagan Indians and the British 
officers insistinl that the Moravians shoidd move hiu-k 
farther into the wilderness, where they could not be 
of any assistance to the Americans. This thej' in fact 
did in 178"2, Imt a. portion of them returned to the 
Muskingum to take care of (heir crops. In the sum- 
mer of that year a liattalion of militia, under Col. 
Williamson, mai-ebed swiftly lo I he Moravian towns, 
disarmed the hunters, got all of the people into their 
power under false pretenses, and then in cold blood 
murdered the whole number — over a humlred men, 
women and clnldi'cn. No more infamous atrocity was 
ever i)erpetrated by the worst of those who are com- 
monly called savages. 

Vet those who had not returned to the Muskingum, 
together with some who were at another village ;ind 
thus escaped the massacre, nearly all still adhered to 
their religion. A few. oidy, joined the hostile Imlians 
and clamored fiercely for revenge — a.s might well be 
exi)ccted. But the main body gathered sadly together 
on the Sandusky, under the leadership of their de- 
voted missionaries, I lecke welder and Zeisberger, and 
again devoted themselves to the arts of peace and the 
duties of religion. But iiere they were constantly 
jiersecuted by their kinsmen, the Itrhiiraros, and 
other savage Indians, and were taken under the jiro- 



tection of the British comniiimler at Detroit. They 
established tliemselves near tliat post, where tliey re- 
niaiued until the spriug of 1780. They then delcr- 
mined to locate themselves on the Cuyahoga, appar- 
ently hoping to be allowed to establish themselves at 
their old home on the Muskingum, for which they 
al ways manifested a strong attraction. The schooners 
"Beaver" and "Mackinaw,"' belonging to the North- 
west Fur Company, were employed to bring them, but 
occupied so much time on account of adverse winds 
that the "Beaver" was ordered back from Sandusky. 
The "Mackinaw," as has l)een stated, brought the lug- 
gage and tlie infirm, while the rest came on foot or in 
Ciinoes, under the leadership of Hecke welder and 

They pitched their cami> on tlio site of Clleveland. 
One of their number proceeded to Pittsburg to ob- 
tain provisions, and Zeisberger set forth to explore 
the river and find a suitable location. On the second 
day he came to a lofty plateau on the west side of the 
river, a little below the mouth of what is now called 
Tinker's creek, where had once stood the Oftau'a vil- 
lage of which mention has previously been made. 
There being already sonic partially cleared ground 
Iiere, and the locality being high and healthy, the 
missionary selected it as the proper place for his peo- 
ple. The latter immediately removed their camp 
thither, and began to erect huts and plant corn, ex- 
pecting to go to the Muskingum after harvest. TJiey 
named their temporary abiding [ijace Pilgerruh. 

By the end of June they were, as they considered, 
(|uite comfortably housed. Congress had voted them 
live hundred l)ushels of corn, but it was to be deliv- 
ered at Fort Mclntosli in the vicinity of the Mus- 
kingum valley, and thither they never went. They 
were almost destitute of jirovisions, but tiiey devoted 
them,selves assiduously to the chase, and with good 
success — numerous elks being especially named as 
among the victims of their skill. The man sent to 
Pittsburg also returned with an order from Duncan 
& Wilson, directing the agent in charge of their pack- 
train to sell Zeisberger, on credit, all the flour the 
Indians needed. A large quantity of goods also 
arrived, which had been devoted to their use by the 
Moravian churches at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, three 
years before, but had failed to reach them on account 
of their distant wanderings. Thus their immediate 
wants were relieved, and on the i:3th of August 
they celebrated the Lord's Supper, lint their friends 
at Pittsburg assured them that they could not return 
to their lauds on the Muskingum without great pro- 
bability of another bloody outbreak on the part of 
the frontiersmen. So they concluded to remain, at 
least through the winter, on the Cuyahoga. 

The good missionaries were sadly troulilc^l about 
those Indians who had formerly Ijelonged to their 
congregation, but who had apostatized to paganism. 
In September Zeisberger sent to the apostates some 
of his most trusty converts, bearing a very pathetic 
"speech,'" beseeching them to return; but all in vain. 

Samuel Nanticoke, one of Zeisberger"s delegates, met 
his brother, who had apostatized, and added his own 
entreaties to those of the missionary, but the son of 
the forest fiercely rejected his pleadings, saying: 

"By the waters of the Tuscarawas the whites 
gained the end for which they strove so long. There 
lie all our murdered friends. I avoid the whites and 
flee from tiieni. No man shall induce me to trust 
them again. Never, while I live, will I unite with 
you Christians. If your town were near, I might 
perhaps visit you, but that would be all. Our fore- 
fathers went to the devil, as 3'ou say, and wl)ere they 
are I am content hereafter to be."' 

In October the houses of the Moravians, rude Imt 
comfortalde, were completed, and promised sullieient 
shelter through the coming winter. 

llecke welder thereupon left the mission, with which 
he had so long been connected, for the East; leaving 
Zeisberger in charge, assisted by a lately arrived 
brother named William Edwards. Ileckewelder con- 
tinued to labor as a minister until his death, many 
years afterward, and was the author of a valualde 
work on the Indians, from which most of these facts, 
relating to the transient Moravian colony in Cuya- 
hoga county, have been derived. 

Zeisberger was fearful lest the Indians under his 
charge should become a burden on tlie Moravian 
mission board, and, having labored l)eyond his 
strength to prevent it, fell seriously ill. The mission 
l)oard heard of this with deep regret, and united in 
a remonstrance, urging him to draw on them for 
what he might need. After their cabins weiv coin- 
pleted. the Indians labored zealously to build a 
chapel, in which divine service inight be held. It 
was soon finished, and was consecrated on the lOlh 
of November. 

As stated a short distance l)ack, it was in this year 
(ITSt!) that Connecticut ceded to the Confederation 
ail the western lands which she claimed, except what 
now constitutes the "Western Reserve." This ces- 
sioji was made on the 14th dayof September. About 
the same time the legislature of that State authorizeil 
three of its citizens to sell all that part of the l>e- 
serve lying east of the Cuyahoga river and the port- 
age jiath; that is, all to which the Indian title had 
been extinguished. It was to be sold in townships of 
six miles square, at not less than three New England 
shillings {(ilty cents) per acre. Five hundred acres 
were to be reserved in each township for the sui)port 
of ministers, and five hundred for the support of 
schools. 'I'he first minister in each township was 
also to receive two hundred and forty acres besides. 
Until a republican government should be established 
there, the law declared that the general assembly of 
Connecticut should provide for the maintenance of 
order among the settlers. It was evident that that 
State still claimed not only the title to the land of 
the Western Reserve, but the political jurisdiction 
over its inhabitants. But the land was so far from 
the older settlement that no sales of anv extent could 

THE PEKIOD FROM 17s;i TO i;'.i4. 


be made, the surveys were not executed, and the 
wliole scheme fell to the ground. 

Lalo in the autumn of 1780, the two selioouers of 
(ho Northwestern Fur Ooiniiany, the " Beaver" and 
the "Mackinaw," were coming up the lake, on their 
way to Detroit. It wa.s snowing fast when they 
arrived, late in the afternoon, in tlie vicinity of the 
tUiVuhoga. and tliey both tried to run into that river 
foi- .sliellcr. Both failed. The; '• licavcr," com- 
manded by Captain 'riiorn, was driven asiiore near 
liie |)resent foot of Willson avenue, in the city of 
Cleveland; but, so far as we can judge from the vague 
accounts which have come down to us, without loss of 
life. The captain and crew of the "Mackinaw" were 
not aware of tiie wreck of the " Beaver," and after 
tiiey had ridden out the storm sailed away to Detroit. 

This was the last trip of the season, and the lake 
would soon be frozen up;soCai(tainThorn and his men 
did not tiiink it advisal)le to attempt escaping until 
,-;|iiiiig. They accordingly built a cabin on the bank of 
Ihe lake, opposite the wreck, and prepared to winter 
there. There were three small brass (ield-pieces on 
I he schooner, as seems to have been the custom on the 
Fur Company's vessels, which fiv([uently had to visit 
regions which might be infested with hostile Indians. 
These were taken ashore, greased, plugged up, wrapped 
in pieces of sail, and buried on the shore between the 
wreck and the cabin. 

From Ca))t,ain Thorn's subseipient statements it ap- 
jiears there was then an India'i-trader by the name of 
\\ illianis at the mouth of liocky river, from whom he 
hiiught provisions when the stock taken from the ves- 
sel ran low. Mr. Williams is mentioned in no other 
aeeount, and it is not known how long he had been 
at the point nienlioned. From the fact that he is not 
spoken of by Mr. Hillman, who came to the mouth of 
till' (luyahoga six times during the summer of 178li, 
and would undoubtedly have hoard of him if he had 
then been at Uocky river, it may be presumed that 
Mr. Williams did not locate there until the fall of that 
year — but this is (piite uncertain. 

Ca[>tain Thorn also bought some provisions of the 
Moravians, lie and his crew remained through the 
winter, but left with the opening spring, lie con- 
tinueil to sail the lakes or to live near them all his 
life, lie was a Canadian, but took the side of the 
United States during the warof 1S1"3. lie afterwards 
resided on the St. Clair river, in Michigan, uidil his 
death, which occurred about twenty years ago; he 
being then nearly a hundred years old. He was well 
known to many of the early settlers of Cleveland, 
especially to Captain Allen (iaylord, from whose man- 
uscript stalement, pn.'servi^d in the archives of the 
Historical Society, the above facts are mostly ob- 

.Meanwhile Zeisberger and his followers were in 
great perplexity as to what they should do next. 
Pilgerruh was not considered a desirable residence. 
They would all have been glad to return to the .Mus- 
kingum, but feared attacks both from frontiersmen 

and hostile Indians. Their kindred Ddatoares of- 
fered them an abiding place at Sandusky. At length 
iJiey determined to go to the mouth of Black river. 
They celebrated Lent and Easter at Pilgerruh, and 
then prepared for their journey. 

On the 19th of April the persecuted little band as- 
sembled for the last time at their chajiel, and joined 
in i)rayer to God with hearts apparently still devoted 
to their religion, notwithstanding all they had suf- 
fered from those who called themselves the chainjiions 
of that faith. Their simple service being concluded, 
they immediately set forth. One party went by land 
undi'r Zeisberger, while the rest entered their canoes 
and followed the lead of Edwards down tlio river. 
Ei-e they could reach the lake a great storm checked 
their progress; so they remained to fish. The chron- 
icler of their movements narrates that in one night's 
work with torch and spear they obtained three hun- 
dred lisli of good ipiality, weighing from three to lif- 
leen iHuinds each. What they did not want to eat 
they ilried for future use. They then [iroceeded to 
their destination, where both jiarties arrived on the 
24th and 2.5th of April, having dwelt in the territory 
of Cuyahoga county about ten months and a half. 

Their fortunes, after leaving our county, were al- 
most as sad as before. Scarcely had they reached 
Black river when they were driven on to Sandusky 
by the hostile Ddawarvs. They remained there till 
17'J0, when, being again ordered by their jealous 
kinsmen to remove into the western wilderness, they 
besought the aid of the British commander, who took 
them to the banks of the Thames river, in Canada. 
In 171)7 the lands they had occupied on the Mus- 
kingum were conveyed to them by the United States, 
and a part of them returned thither. These, too, 
subseiincntly soltl their lands and improvements to 
the United States and returned to Canada, where 
their descendants still reside. 

In .Inly, 17S7, the Congress of the Confederation 
passed an ordinance organizing the vast district be- 
tween the Ohio, the great lakes and the Mississippi, 
under the name of the "Northwestern Territory," and 
providing for civil government over it. They also 
elected (Jeneral Arthur St. Clair as governor, together 
with a secretai'y and three judges. The ordinance was 
drawn by Nathan Dane, of Ma.ssachusetts, and pro- 
vided that from all the territory thus organized slavery 
should be forever excluded. Connecticut j'rotested 
against the iiu-lusion of the Western Keserve in the 
new Territory, but without elfect. 

It was not till the next spring (1788) that the first 
white settlement was [ilanted in the present State of 
Ohio; the location being at Marietta, at the mouth of 
the Muskingum. When Covernor St. Clair and the 
judges (in whom the temporary legislative power was 
vested) arrived in the new Territory, they ])roceede<1 on 
the 27th of July, 1788, to form the county of Wash- 
ington, of which Marietta was made the county .scat, 
and which extended from the Ohio to Lake Erie, with 
the Cuyahoga river and the portage path as its west- 



eru bouncliiry; thus embracing tlie eastern 2)art of the 
present county of Cuyahoga. The section thus in- 
cluded was a hundred and fifty miles distant from the 
county seat, at Marietta, but as no one resided here 
that was of little consequence. 

In 1789 the first congress under the Federal Con- 
stitution re-enacted the ordinance of 1787; thus giv- 
ing the Northwestern Territory a permanent position 
in the new political arrangement. 

The same year another treaty was made at Fort 
Ilarmar, by which the Indians again ceded to the 
United States the country west of the Cuyahoga and 
the portage path. 

.About this period, or a little later, one Josei)h Du 
Chatar had a trading post on the west side of the 
Cuyahoga, some nine miles above the mouth. Jean 
Baptiste Fleming and Josci)h Burall were with him a 
part of the time. Du Chatar, then in middle age, 
]>ad been from his youth in the employ of the North- 
western company, and afterwards described the mouth 
of the Cuyahoga as having been one of their princi- 
pal points for the sale of goods and purchase of furs. 
At the time mentioned, however, he wtis trading for 

Large profits were usually made by the early fur- 
traders, but there were some serious drawlnicks. At 
one time Du Chatar and his companions had a sharp 
conllict with some Indians over the ownership of a 
rifle. At another time a number of then> demanded 
liiiuor, which Du Chatar refused to let them have, 
either because they could not ])ay for it or because he 
thought tiieni already too well supplied. They at- 
tacked his cabin, which he and his men defeuded with 
their rifles. Some of the Indians were killed and the 
rest retreated. It would seem to have been very dan- 
gerous to remain in the country after that, but the 
French had ways of conciliating the savages which 
hardly any one else could imitate. 

In 1790, the western Indians engaged in open hos- 
tilities against the frontier, and General Ilarmar 
marched against them, only to be defeated. This was 
followed the next year by the defeat of Governor 
St. Clair, at the head of anotlier army. The Indians 
became extremely elated, and it began to look as if 
the course of westetn emigration was to be i)erina- 
ncntly checked. Of course, under these circumstances, 
there was no sale for frontier land, and the Western 
Iteserve remained on the hands of the Stale of Con- 

In 1792, that State gave five hundred thousand 
acres off from the west end of the Reserve, for the 
l)eiiefit of those of her citizens who had suffered from 
the burning of their pi'operty by tlie British during 
the Revolution. This tract was commonly called the 
" Fire Lands," and has been considered as a distinct 
section under that inme ever since, although a part 
of tiie original Western Reserve. 

Meanwhile, the administration of President Wash- 
ijigton was making constant efforts to conciliate the 
Indians, and secure a j)ermanent jieacc. In 17'.i3, 

General Benjamin Lincoln, Hon. Beverly Randolph, 
and Colonel Timothy Pickering, jiostmaster-general 
of the United States, commissioners ai)pointed by the 
President, passed up the south shore of Lake Erie, on 
their way to Detroit, still held by the British, to 
endeavor to make a treaty with the hostile Indians. 
This effort, like all the others, was in vain. 

But in 1794:, JIad Anthony Wayne went out to the 
West, at the head of a well appointed army, and 
inflicted a terrible defeat on the horde of warriors who 
ventured to confront him. Another treaty was made, 
which, being authorized and sanctioned by victory, 
was well observed by the red men. So far as this part 
of the Territory was concerned, AVayue's treaty merely 
eonfirmed the line previously drawn along the center 
of the Cuyahoga. All the eleven tribes who joined in 
the treaty agreed to acknowledge the United States 
as their sole sni)erior, and never to sell any of their 
land to any one else. 



Connecticut sells Three Milliiiu Acres in a Botlj'— Names of the Pur- 
chasers-Formation of the ConnecUcut Land Company— A Deed of 
Trust— The Excess Company — First Directors of the Connecticut Com- 
pany— The plan of Survey and Division decided on--The first Survey 
Party— Its Leadei*s and Surveyoi's — British Annoyance— A Council at 
Buffalo— Arrival at Conneaut— Trouble among the Employees— How 
it was Settled- Beginning: of the Surveys— Gen. Cleaveland conies to 
the Cuyahoga- The Firet Wliite Family— Tracing the Coast Line- 
Laying off Townshij^s - Chagrin River mistaken for the Cuyahoga— 
Organization of Wayne County — Directors Impatient— Laying out of 
Cleveland— A Bear in the liiver— The Party stArt east but return- 
Formal Agreement to let the Surveyors have Euclid— Rough Weather 
—The Return— Persons left at Cleveland -Gen. Cleaveland's subse- 
quent Career— Poller's Later Life— Annual Meeting of the Land Com- 
pany—Failure of the Excess Company— Alexander Henry's Claim— 
The survey Party of irUT-Its Officers, etc-lt goes to the Reserve- 
The Fii'st Funeral - Rations for the Survey<-»rs- Kingsbury, Carter and 
Hiiwley— The First Marriage-D. & G. Bryant and R. Edwards— Form- 
ation of Jefferson County — Atwater's Adventure- Tinker's Creek— 
Sicknesss— Health on the Ridge. 

Wayne's victory and treaty caused many eyes to 
turn toward the Western Reserve, as a more secure 
and desirable place of residence than it had previously 
been considered. At the session of 1795, the legisla- 
ture of Connecticut abandoned the idea of dividing 
up the Reserve in small tracts and selling it out, and 
adopted a new system. A commission of eight citi- 
zens was appointed, one from each county, who were 
authorized to sell three million acres adjoining Penn- 
sylvania for not less than one-third of a dollar per 
acre; the whole to be solil before any part of it was 
conveyed. The jiurchasers were to take all risks, and 
were to receive their deeds by shares, not by acres; 
being then obliged to divide the land among them- 
selves ;is best they could. 

The scheme seems to have been ijuite popular, and 
the commission succeeded in selling the whole tract 
by the first of Sei)teinber, 1795, at forty cents per 
acre making the total amount one million two hun- 
dred thousand dollars. The purchasers were Joseph 



Ilowliiud, Daniel L. Coit, Elias Morgan, Caleb At- 
\v;i(er, Daniel llolbrook, Josi'j)li Williams, William 
Ixivc, William Jiidd, Kiislia Il.yiie, Uriali 'J'nK'cy, 
Jaiiios Johnson, Samuel Mallier, Jr., E|iliraim Kirliy, 
l"]|ijali Boartlman, Uriel Holmes, Jr., Solomon (iris- 
wold, Oliver I'hclps, Gitleon (Jran^er, Ji-., William 
Hart, llonry Clianipion, 2nd, Aslier Miller, Uolierl 
('. .lolinson, Epliraim Root, Nehemiali lliihhard, Jr., 
Solomon Uowles, Asaliel Hathaway, John Caldwell, 
I'l'leL;' Sanford, Timothy Unrr, Luther Loomis, Ehen- 
e/.er Kinu, Jr., William Lyman, John Stoddard, 
David Kin<;, Cleaveland, Saninel P. Ijord, 
li'ducr Newberry, Enoch I'erkins, Jonathan Hraei', 
Lphraim Starr, Sylvanus (Jriswold, Joseb Stoekiiii;', 
Joshua Slow, Titus Street, James Hull, Aaron Olni- 
sUd, .John Wylcs, Picrjioint Edwards. 

'I'he subscriptions were of all sizes, from oiu' of onc^ 
lliDUsand six hundred and eighty-three dollars, made 
by Sylvanus Criswold, up to that of Cliver I'lielps, 
who subscribed one hundred and sixty-eight thousand 
one hundred aiul eighty-live dollars alone, and eighty 
thousand dollars in company with (Jideon (i ranger, 
Ji-., but were generally in sums of from ten tlum- 
sand to thirty thousand dollars. Henry Champion, 
>'n<l, was the second largest subscriber, with eighty- 
live thousand six hundred and seventy-five dollars. 

The committee, in behalf of the State, at once 
deeded to the subscribers as many '• twelve bund rt'd 
(housandths" of the whole tract, as they liad sub- 
scribed dollars respectively to the purchasing fund of 
twelve hundred thousand dollars. The deeds wci'c 
recorded in the ollire oi the secretary of stat.e of 
(y'onnecticut, and subsecptently iu the recorder's otlice 
of Truinliull county, Ohio. They were of the char- 
acter coninionly called "i|nit-claim" deeds; the State 
warranting nothing, but conveying all its rights, 
more or less, to the purchasers. Thei'e had, at, this 
lime, been no definite surrenderof the Slate's political 
junsdiction ovei' the lleserve to the general govern- 
ment, (although (hat government had assumed juris- 
dielioii by incliuliug the Ueservein the Northweslern 
Territory), and nuuiy of the buyers sui)posed tlu^y 
could establish a Statt' of (heir own, and make such 
laws as they jdeased for it. 

On the 5th of September, t he purchasers jnoceeded 
to organize themselves into an association called the 
•■ Conuccticnt Jjand Comi)any," but did not obtain 
an act of incori)oration from the Slate, in law they 
wi^rt^ only a simple ])artnership, AH the members of 
(his association joined in a deed of trust to Jonaihan 
Brace, John Caldwell and John Morgan, authorizing 
them to give deeds of various tracts to the owners, 
according to the divisi(Mi to be made by the ollicials 
(>r the com|tany. It will be understood that a large 
part of the three million acres purchased was known 
to be on the west side of the Cuyahoga, and it was, 
thei'i'fore, known that it could n(jt be divided until 
(he Indian right of occupancy was extinguished by 
purchase. It was supposed, howevei', that there was 
considerably more than three million acres in the Re- 

serve, exclusive of the "Fire Land.s," and several 
gentlenuMi jjroposed to lake the balance from the 
State. They were commonly called the "Excess 
Company," anil until the huul was surveyed it was 
supposed they would secure a large tract. 

By the articles of association, the maiuigement of 
the company's concerns was intrusted to seven direi;- 
tors, who were instructed to proceed as rapidly as 
])ossible to sell that portion of the tract east of the 
Cuyahoga. For the purpose of electing (dlicers and 
nuiking assessments, the whole was divided into four 
hundred shares of three thousand dollars c^ach; dis- 
tributed among the various ])roprietors in pro[>ori.ion 
to (he amounts they had subscribed. The lirst board 
of directors consisted of Oliver l'hel|is, Henry 
Champion, 2d., Moses CleavelamI, Samuel W. John- 
son, Ephraim Kirby, Samuel Mather, .Jr., and Itoger 

The articles of association also i)rovidc(l ihiit the 
tract should be surveyed into townships live miles 
sipiare; that part- east, of the (Cuyahoga as soon as 
possible, and the ivst. when the Indians wi're bought 
out,. Six townships of the I'ormei' port ion were to be 
S(dd to pay the general ex|)enses. l<'our moi'e were 
to be divided into a hundred lots each, nniking four 
humlrcd lots of a huiulred and sixty acres each, 
which were to be conveyed to the ownei-s of the four 
liundred shari's res[)ectively. The remaindir of (he 
tract east of the Cuyahoga was to be divided into 
jiortions, of wiiich the best township was (o form the 
basis; other townships to be brought up (o the standard 
liy dividing some of them into fractions, and adding 
them to the rest. The jjart'west of the river was 
subseijuently to be divided in the same way. 'I'lie 
board of directors selected Gen. Ck'aveland, a 
lawyer of Canterbury, Windham county, thenalMiul 
forty years old, to act as tlu' general agent of the 
com|iany and numage the survt^ys easi of the Cuya- 
hoga, which it was expected would all be coniiilcted 
the next year. 

During the winter of i;'.i-">-i( further |u-e[iara( ions 
were made, and in the spring of the latter yeara large 
surveying party was oi'ganized. (leneral Cleavelatid 
was superiiit,endent; Augustus Porter, who was a na- 
tive of Connecticut but had been engaged for many 
years on important sui'veys in western New York, was 
(he principal surveyor ami deputy superin(endenl : 
Seth Pi'ase was astroiu)nu'r and surveyor; Amos Spat- 
ford, John M. Holley, l.'ichard M. StoddanI and 
Moses Warren were the surveyors; Joshua Stow w;is 
the commissary, and Dr. Theodore Shepard was the 
j)hysician of the parly There were also thirty-six 
other (Mni)loyees, including chainuK'n, axemen, cooks, 

'i'he exi>edit ion .set fordi in May. CeiU'ral Cleave- 
land and most of the members came by way of Alba- 
ny, Syracuse, (Janandaigua, etc., (o Buffalo. Mr. 
Slow, with several men, took the provisions, instru- 
ments and oilier freigiit in four large boats by way 
of the Oswego river. Lake Ontario and the Niagara 



river. Oswego, like the other frontier posts, was 
still in the hands of the British, and their officers 
seemed anxious to annoy tlie Americans in every 
possible way. Mr. Stow applied to the commandant 
at Oswe^^o for permission to pass with his boats, but 
was ])eremptorily refused. In vain he rei)resentcd 
tliat without the instruments and provisions which he 
had witli him tlic survey party could not begin work, 
and tiiat the greatest inconvenience would be sure to 
result; tlie otTicer was inexorable. 

Finally, Mr. .Stow ai)parently gave up the contest, 
and retired up tiie river with his boats. The first 
dark night, liowcver, the flotilla sped quietly down 
tlie stream, glided undiscovered jiast the sleepy sen- 
tinels, and escaped into Lake Ontario. Tlie deten- 
tion, however, caused the boats to be cauglit in a 
severe storm on tiie lake, in wliicii one of tliem was 
stove up and another uf theui seriously injured. 
What made the alfair more provoking w;is that both 
Fort Ontario, at Oswego, and Fort Niagai'a, at the 
moutli of tiie river of that name, were about to be 
delivered to the United States, under the provisions 
of Jay's treaty. Fort Ontario was thus surrendered 
on the fourth day of July following, and Fort Niag- 
ara still earlier; so that when the boats of the survey 
party approached the latter post the men saw with 
delight the stars and stripes floating over its ramparts. 

On the 31st of June the Sir. Natiuns held a council 
at Buffalo, at which General Cleaveland was present, 
together with some whom the surveyors called west- 
ern Indians, but whom from the circumstances we 
should infer to have been Miiltnirkx, who lived west 
of Buffalo, in Canada. Notwithstanding the numer- 
ous treaties by which the claims of these Indians to 
the country east of the Cuyahoga were supposed to 
be extinguished, they si ill put forth some preten- 
sions to it, and it was thought better to conciliate 
than to o})pose them. The celebrated Joseph Brant, 
or Thayendenegea, was the principal manager on the 
part of the Six Nutions, and gave General Cleaveland 
a "speech" in writing, but the ecpuilly distinguished 
Red Jacket was the principal orator. The council 
was adjourned over the 3"2n<l, because the chiefs in- 
sisted on getting drunk. 

On the 33rd, after uiunerous speeches on both sides, 
Cleaveland agreed lo gi\e llie Indians five hundred 
pounds, New York currency, (ft, 3511) in goods, as a 
present, and also agreed to use his influence to ob- 
tain for them an allowance of five hundred dollars a 
vear from the Uuite<l States; failing which (he Con- 
necticut Land Company was to give them an addi- 
tional present of fifteen hundred dollars. The chiefs 
ou their side agreed that the Indians should not iu- 
tert'ere with the settlers on the Reserve, a stipulation 
wiiich they appear to have faithfully observed. In 
fact, they could hardly avoid losing their hearts to 
General Cleaveland, foi', after the counciling and bar- 
gaining was over, he gave them two beef-cattle for a 
feast, with an aecom])aniinent of no less than one 
hundred gallons of whisky! 

The expedition then proceeded in boats up the lake 
to Conneaut, in the extreme northeast corner of the 
Reserve, where they arrived on the 4tli of July. 
They celebrated the day by firing with their I'ifles a 
"federal salute" of fifteen rounds — one for each State 
then in the Union — and a sixteenth for "New Con- 
necticut." The Reserve was fre(juently spoken of by 
the first settlers and surveyors as New Connecticut, 
and they evidently were not exactly certain whether 
it was a part of the Northwest Territory or a separate 
nation of itself. 

At Conneaut nearly all the survey(^rs and other em- 
ployees uumifested a very insubordinate disposition. 
Amzi Atwater, himself an employee, says they muti- 
nied. At all events, they manifested a strong disposi- 
tion not to go on with the work unless they could 
derive some compensation for it besides their wages. 
At that time it was thought that the ownership of 
land in "New Connecticut" was the sure road to 
fortune, and the men were anxious to become pro- 
prietors. General Cleaveland yielded, and informally 
agreed that if the men would go on and work through 
the season they should have a township of land at a 
dollar an acre. 

As soon as this (piestion was settled, some of the 
surveyors ran south from the northeast corner of the 
Reserve, along the Pennsylvania line, to the forty- 
fii'st parallel, and thence west along that jiarallel, 
making it their base line. From it, at intervals of 
five miles, they ran meridians north to the lake; the 
si)aces between them constituting " ranges." These 
were to be subdivided into townships by east and west 
lines, also five miles apart. They depeiuled entirely 
on their compasses, and as that instrument is subject 
to numerous variations the meridians were by no 
means accurately laid down. Some of them varied as 
much as half a mile from the true line before reach- 
ing the lake. The early government surveyors varied 
in the same manner, but they soon learned to correct 
each township line, as run by the compass, by meas- 
urement to the i)r('ceding one. 

While the surveyors were doing the work just men- 
tioned. Superintendent Cleavelanil came to the mouth 
of the Cuyahoga, reaching that point on the 33d of 
July, 1791, and established the headipiarters of the 
party there. With him, among others, came Job P. 
Stiles and Tabitha Cumi Stiles, his wife, for whom a 
cabin was erected, and who were placed in charge of 
of the company's stores at that point. This was the 
first white family, and Mrs. Stiles was the first white 
women, who ever resided in the present county of 
Cuyahoga. Their cabin and the company's store- 
house were on Llic low ground on the east side of the 
Cuyahoga, convenient to a spring which issued from 
the side of the hill. This was the same location that 
had been chosen by the freighters, in 1780, as de- 
scribed by Colonel Ilillman, but the slight cabin then 
erected had probably entirely disappeared, having 
very likely been used for fuel by Indians or travel- 
ers; at all events it is not mentioned in the notes of 



any of the surveyors. The more substantiiil stnm- 
liiro, l)uiU, liy ():i|)biin Tliorii and his crow, near (lie 
liMit, of t,he present Willson avenue, was still standinij. 

Mr. Porter, the principal surveyor, took on him- 
self the dirtirnilt task of tracing the coast line, so as 
111 liiid where the west liiieof the Reserve v/oiild strike 
Lake Eric. The other surveyors, after running out 
th(> meridians, as hefore stated, began to run jiarallels 
fniin (he Pennsylvania line to the Cuyahoga. Warren 
ran the line between townships six and seven (Hed- 
I'oicl •Mild VVarrensville); I'case between t.ownshii)S 
seven anil eight (Warrensville and Euclid): S|i,ilfi)ril 
anil Stoddard between (owiishiiis eight- ami nini', 
(Maylieldand Willoughby); and HoUey still farther 
mirth. Pease's line ran through the present city of 
< 'leveland. No one knew anything about the Chagrin 
river, and every surveyor, when he I'eached it in run- 
ning his ]iarallcl, suiijiosed it to be the Cuyahoga and 
Went down to the mouth hefore discovering his mis- 

We may mention, in j>assing, tliat Wayne county 
was organized by the authorities of the Northwest 
Territory on the 15th of August in this year, nonii- 
nally embracing the whole tract from the Cuysihoga 
westward and northward hcyond Detroit, which place 
was made the county scat. Thus the (Miunty seats 
( Marietta and Detroit) of the two counties (Washing- 
(iiii and Wayne) which then embraced the ])rcsent 
Cuvahoga were over three bund rcil miles apart. As 
all of this county west of the river was still Indian 
land, the formation of Wayne county had no practical 
ell'eel here; nor was any jiart of I his county ever ac- 
tiiallv oi'gaiii/.eil in ciinnecl ion witheillier Washington 
or \\ ayiie. 

.August and Sejitember ]iasscd raiiidly away in the 
task of surveying the various lines. Ilolley and Pease 
left journals describing their lalmrs, hut, of eoui'se 
iiuly a small ])orlion of them were peii'oniieil in ('ny- 
ahoga county, and, moreover, the mere deiails of the 
distances .ami courses whirli they ran on sueeessivc 
days would hardly he interesting to our readers. .As 
indicative of the |)riiiiitive utensils employed in their 
traveling kitidicn, we may notice Ilolley "s memoiaii- 
iliim that at tlie( Ihagrin river the cook got mad heeausc 
I he liark would not jieel, so that he had nothing to niiv 
hread on, and declared that he could give the jiarly 
nothing to eat. One of the men, however, solved the 
dirticulty by mixing the Hour in a bag, thus restoring 
serenity to the cook and food to the party. 

.Meanwhile the board of directors at Hartford he- 
came impatient to have the land divided among the 
prnprietors, and on the 2(ith of August wrote to 
Cli^aveland, constituting him. Stow, Porter and the 
four other surveyors a committee to eipiali/.c and di- 
vide the land of the Cuyahoga, according to the 
plan already mentioned, and urging him to accoin- 
lilish the work that season if possible. 'J'his, how- 
ever, w;us entirely impracticable. 

It had from the lirst been determined by the direc- 
tors to lay out one '-eaiiital town," or city, at the most 

eligible place on the Reserve, the township around 
which was to be cut into smaller lots than the rest of 
the tract, which were to be sold to actual setlfers. 
The select ion was doiihlless left to (ieneral ("leavcland, 
to he iiiailc on the ground. lie selected the site at 
the mouth of the Cuyahi>ga. Porter ran out the 
streets of the eiiihryo city, and left Ilolley to survey 
it into lots. Only twelve streets and lanes were then 
laid out. uhieh might fairly he considered siilbcient, 
as there was not a solitary permanent resident of the 
"city." Cleaveland bestowed his own name upon 
the place, and it was forthwith dubbed the '"City of 
Cleaveland.'* The township around it, however, was 
at lirst (tailed "Cuyahoga town," The locality at the 
mouth of the river is also sometimes nienlioned in the 
surveyors' minutes as "Cuyahoga," but after Septem- 
ber. ITOC), is always "Cleaveland." 

The morning of the 31st of Sc])tenihcr the survev- 
ors. to the number of about thirty, who had collected 
at the "city," found themselves without meat, and 
with only a little Hour, two cheeses and some choco- 
late, in the way of jirovisions. It would not do to start 
into the woods again, nor even to wait long where 
they were. While they were wondering at the non- 
arrival of expected provisions from Conneaut, and 
debating as to what next should be done, a shout was 
hoard, and a bear was discovered swimming across 
the river from the west side. Instantly every man 
was on his feet. Poitcr anil Ilolley jumped into a 
canoe and paddled toward the shaggy visitor; anoth- 
er mail went up the shore with a, gun, and (rhe rest of 
the shouting emwd assemliled to stop the brute as 
soon as he should reach the land. They succeeded 
only too well, for the noise and confusion were such 
that the animal took the alarm, swam hack to the 
western shore and esca[)eil. 

.Vs a eoinpcusatien for this loss, Ilolley's journal 
notes imiiuHliately afterwards: "Miinson caught a 
rattlesnake, which we lioiled and ate." 

l>y I they had liccomc so well assured thai no 

provisions were coming from Conneant that they all 
set out for that place in two boats and a bark canoe. 
After sailing about eight miles, however, they met a 
party with cattle and provisions, and returned to the 
Cuyahoga with much lighter hearts than when they 
left it. On arriving after dark t hey saw a lire hla/.ing 
on the western shore. As they passed it, they dis- 
charged a Volley from their ritles hy way of a salute, 
in honor of the sojourners who had built the lire, and 
in aeeordance with a custom wliicli seems to have been 
(|iiit(' common on the frontier, among both whites and 
Indians. The travelers were discovered to bo a parly 
of (irand river Indians, who had been west, hunting. 

After a week more of surveying in the vicinity of 
the river, the whole party a.ssenililed at its mouth on 
the .'50th of Septenibcr, when the informal agreement 
made at Conneaut, in tlie forepart of July, was re- 
duced to a written (;ontract. in which " Cleaveland " 
is lirst mentioned as the name of the embryo city at 
the moiiLli of the Cuyahoga. Muses Cleaveland 



signed the eon tract on tlie jiart of the company, while 
forty-one of tlic employees put their hands to it in 
their own l)elia]f. Six of tlie employees, including 
Joshua Stow, were iiot parties to the arrangement. 
The towushi]) which tliey selected was number eiglit 
in tiie eleventh range, lieing the one next down tiie 
lake from Cleveland. With great propriety, consid- 
ering tiiat tliey were all surveyors or assistants, and 
that surveying is eminently a mathematical profes- 
sion, they gave to their new township the name of 
the great Greek mathematician, P]uclid. The sug- 
gestion is credited hy Mr. Holley to Moses Warren. 
Each (if the men was to serve the company faithfully 
till the end of the season, and was to have an eipial 
share in the township at. a dollar an acre, on making 
certain improvements, 'i'hese were carefully speci- 
fied in the contract, and are more fully set forth in 
tlu^ township history of Euclid. 

On the same day the em|)loyees held a meeting, at 
which they ai-ranged the order in which they would 
make their imjirovemcnts, and transact other husi 
ness.. The record of their proceedings was also dated 
at the "City of Cleaveland,"and the locality has ever 
since retained that name, except that the "a" has 
Imtm discarded. 

(Ill the teiilh of Oct.oher, Surveyor llolley imtes in 
his journal (Jiat he willi his l)arty "left Cleaveland at 
the iiioiith of the ( 'iijahoga, to finish dividing the 
east part of the township into lots." By the sixteenth 
the weather hegan to iiilriiVre seriously with their 
Work. Oil tlial day .Mr. 11. metions that they came 
into caiiii) wel and cold, hut after "pushing the bot- 
tle and getting a tire and some sujiper, all wei'c as 
merry as grigs." Hut Gen. Cleaveland evidently 
thought that, considering the long Journey before 
them, it was time to lie starting homeward. He and 
the majority of the men appear to have left about the 
sixteenth, and on the eighteenth Porter, Holley, 
Pease, Stoddard, Atwater and nine others set out for 
their distant and much-longed-for homes. 

The only white persons left on the Reserve were 
.lob N. Stiles and Tabilha his wife, and Joseph La.n- 
don. These were siip[ilied with jirovisions for the 
winter, and then abandoned to a solitude almost as 
complete! as that of Selkirk on his island. To be sure 
there were plenty of Indians and squaws, but consid- 
ering that many of the former had been, not long be- 
fore, in arms against the United States, and were 
liable at any moment to break out again, it would 
seem as if their absence woulil have lieen more desir- 
able than their company. 

The object in leaving Mr. and Mrs. Stiles in this 
isolated locality is not certainly known, but it was 
])robably thought that the buildings would be less lia- 
ble to be destroyed if some one was in charge of them, 
and if any tools or other property were left behind, 
it was absolutely necessary that some one should kee}i 
watch of tlieni: for the noble red men, though civil 
enough in their ordinary intercourse with the sur- 
veyors, would certainly have lieen unable to resist the 

temptation presented by any thing they could con- 
veniently carry off. I 

Landoii, who had been connected with the survey I 
party, proliably inlcnded to trade with the Indians. 
He soon left, however, his place Ijeing taken by Ed- 
ward Paine, afterwards known as General Paine of 
Painesville, who hoarded with Stiles, and was cer- ■ 

tainly at that time an Indian-trader. He was the first 
resident in the county unconnected with the silrvey- 
party. The nearest white neighbors were at a settle- 
ment made that fall in the [)resenttown of Willougli- 
liy, Geauga eonnly. Tradition asserts that the first 
white child born in this county came to light in the 
cabin of Job and Tabitha Stiles, in the winter of 
17!)0-7, and that a sipiaw acted as its nurse, but tliere 
is no positive evidence. 

All the party, except those who remained at Cleve- 
land, I'eached their distant homes withoutmore serious 
dilliculty than was necessitated by a journey of six or 
.seven hundred miles, largely through the wilderness. 
Neither General Cleaveland nor Mr. Porter ever re- 
turned to the Reserve, unless possibly t.he latter may 
have done so as a casual traveler. General Cleave- 
land continued to [iractice his profession in his native 
town of Canterbury, sometimes representing it in the 
State legislature, and always occupying a prominent 
position among his fellow citizens, until his death in 
ISik;. Though, as before stated, he never returned 
to the Reserve, yet he always manifested a warm in- 
terest in its welfare, and especially in the village 
which he had founded and which bore his name. 
Oiu' cannot luit regret that he was not spared to .see 
at least the beginning of its greatness as a city. 

Augustus Porter soon after settled at Niagara Falls, 
where he became one of the leading men of western 
New 'i'oik. He erected extensive mills there, and 
was also the first man who built a bridge from the 
mainland to Goat Island. In isos, he was apjiointed 
the first lu-esiding judge of the court of common pleas 
of Niagara county, New York, (of which Hiitfalo was 
then the county seat), a post which he held for thir- 
teen years. He died at Niagara Falls at a very 
advanced age. Judge Porter was an elder brother of 
Peter 15. I'orter, the distinguished general in the war 
of 1812, and secretary of war under President J. t^. 

In .January, IT'.lT, the members id" the C'onuectieut 
Land Conijiany held their annual meeting. There 
was much complaint of the large cost of the work of 
the past year, but after an investigation by a commit- 
tee the i)roceedings of the directors and superintend- 
ent were entirely apjiroved. Cleaveland's agreement 
with Brant and the other chiefs at Buffalo was also 

The stock liolders were seriously discomiiosed by 
another matter. Mr. having during the sea- 
son made a travei'se of the line of the Reserve along 
Lake Erie, now reju)rtcd that the total contents of 
the original tract were only three million four hun- 
dred and fifty thousand seven hundred and fifty- 


Ijircr ;icivs, ami tliat, ul'lcr ilciliicting the five liuiulrcil 
tlioiisaml acrus granted to tlie sniTerers by Britisli 
K|i<)liation, (coiniiionly ("illoJ the Fire Laiuls,) there 
remained only two million nine hnndred and lifly 
Ihniisand .seven hnndred and lifty-thrcc acres for the 
( 'iiiinecticut Laud Coinj)any. This was about fifty 
Ihonsand aeres less than they had bought. 

Aforeover, the ''Excess Company," the mend)ers of 
which had been jiaying fant^y }iriee.s for a share in the 
snr|)lns of the Western Reserve above three million 
acres, (l((\sides the "Fire Lands") .snddeidy fonnd that 
there was no surplus, and many of them bcranu! 
bankrupt on accounl, of the discovery. Fault- was 
l'i>nnd with l'orter"s snrve\-. but siibscrpient woik 
show('(l that the estimated ainount- was too large 
rather tlian too small; a very computation by 
Leonard making tiie whole amount in the Re- 
serve, besides the Fire fjands, two million eight luin- 
dred an<l thirty-seven thousand one hundred and 
nine aeres. This great reduction from the amount 
estimated before the survey was caused by the fact 
that, in going west, Lake J!rie trended much farther 
south than had been supposed before exact calcula- 
tions were made. 

In the si)ring of 1797, the company again made 
prei)arations to send a party to finish the surveys. 
While they were doing so, Mr. Cleavclaud I'ceeived a 
letter from one Alexander Henry, who had been an 
Lidian trader from Montreal to the uppei'-lake region 
ever since the treaty of peace ijetween France and 
England, in Iliili. He claimed tiiat he and others 
hail bought of the Lulians a large tract west of the 
t!uyahoga and north of Wayne's treaty-lino, which 
included all of (he Western Re.serve west of the river 
just mentioned. This he offered to sell to the com- 
pany at one shilling per acre; guaranteeing a confirm- 
ation of the deed by the Indians. He stated that the 
deed was in the hands of Alexander Macomli, (father 
of the general of that name in the war of 1813,) a 
great land-speculator of that day and a co-proprietor 
with Henry. It is (piite likely that some of the chiefs 
of the DcldwaiTs or Cliippeirax had made such a deed, 
but, as the United States had invariably refused to 
recogni/zC sales made by the Indians to any one but 
tb(^ general government, no attention was jiaid to 
.Mr. Henry's claim, lie afterwards publisheil 'an 
account of his adventures among the Indians, which 
is a valuable authority on (be subject of alxuMginal 

In the letter in i|Uestion .Mr. Henry mentioned that 
oU(! John Askin, one of the projirietors under the 
alleged imrchase, wa.s then residing with his family 
■'at Cuyahoga," but there is nowhere else any account 
of such a person. Among all the numerous state- 
ments made by surveyors and their friends, it is 
hardly jjossible that Askin would have been passed 
over if he liad lived on or near either bank of the 
Cuyahoga. Henry may have falsified entirely, or may 
have mistaken Askin's location, or the latter may 
have moveil away before the surveyors came. 


The survey party of T707 was oi-ganized at Schenec- 
tady, New York, by Mr. Setli I'oaso, who had been 
.selected as principal surveyor for the coming season, 
and who proceeded to that point during tlie forepart 
of .\pril. After the company was formed, Rev. Scth 
Hart was made the superintendent. Uesides the two 
officials just named, there were no less than eight 
surveyors: Rich.ard M. Stod<lard, Moses Warren, 
Am/.i Atwater, Joseph Landoii, Amos Si)atrord, War- 
ham Shepard, I'hiueas Barker and Nathan Redlield. 
Dr. Theodore Shepard was again employed as the 
physician. There were, in addition, fifty-two other 
om|)loyees, to p(M'form the numerous duties necessary 
in an extensive survey; the most prominent of 
being Colonel Ezra Waite and Major William Shep- 
ard, who seem to have had charge of the others when 
the latter were not under the immediate direction of 
the surveyors. Nathaniel Doan, the blacksmith of 
170G, was also a member of the present expedition. 
There were in all sixty-three members, of whom only 
twelve had bei^n on the previous expedition; and, of 
these latter, seven were snrve^'ors. Evidently the 
work of carrying a chain or wielding an axe in the 
tangled forest, living on indigestible bread and sleep- 
ing on the wet ground, had lost all their romantic 
charms during one year's experience. 

The expedition took the usual route to the western 
world, by way of the Mohawk river, Onedia lake, 
Oswego river, Lake Ontario, Niagara river and Lake 
Erie, though a portion went by land, by way of Canan- 
daigua, under charge of Major William Shepard. 
After leaving some of the men at work in the eastern 
part of the Reserve, the head of the main p(,)rtion of 
the expedition arrived at Cleveland on the hrst day 
of June. Mr. Pease's jouriuil mentions linding Mr. 
and Mrs. .Stiles well, and also Mrs. Utin, who, with 
her husband, had moved from (Jonneaut that spring, 
though Mr. Gnu was then absent. IIc! says nothing 
of there being a child in the Stiles family, which it is 
exceedingly probable he would have done if one had 
been born during the wiiitiu-. at least if it, had then 
been living. 

Boats belonging to the expedition kept coming for 
several days afterwards. In the afternoon of June 
4th, one of them brought the body of David 
Eldridge, one of the hands, wh^i had been drowned 
the same day, in attempting to swim his horse over 
(Jrand river. The next morning the north part of 
lot.s ninely-scven and ninety-eight, in Cleveland, were 
selected as a burial ground. There were a few boards 
in the vicinily, and a strong, rude cofliii was ipiickly 
made. The liody of Eldridge was placed iu it, the 
eollin was fastened with cords to a stout pole, by 
which UK^ans it was supported on the shoulders of the 
comra<les of the deceased, and the procession moved 
slowly to the burial ground. There the body was 
solemnly interred; Superintendent Hart reading the 
burial service. A rough fence was also built around 
the grave. This was, so far as known, the first funeral 
in Cuyahoga county. 



Parties were at once sent out in various directions 
to recommence the surveys. Mr. Pease mentions the 
articles furuislicd to eacji party, which certainly form 
a somevvhat miscellaneous collection, viz. : Pork, Hour, 
tea, chocolate, sugar, ginger, spirits, vinegar, cheese, 
pepper, empty bags, fire-steel, punk, candles, a tent, 
axes, hatchets, pocket compasses, measuring pins, 
salt, soap and horses. Prom a previous entry, we 
learn that the daily rations for a mess of six men 
were five pounds of pork, a pound of chocolate, a 
"small porringer'' of sugar, a half bottle of tea, a 
bottle of rum, and (lour without limit. The most 
noticeable difference between these rations and those 
issued to soldiers and explorers at the present day is tlie 
absence of coffee from the former. Modern campers- 
out would hardly find tea, chocolate, or even a bottle of 
rum, a sufficient substitute. 

The main headquarters were established at Cleve- 
land, but on the tenth of June Mr. Pease with a small 
party went up the Cuyahoga, and soon after estab- 
lished the "upper headquarters," near ('uyahoga 
Falls, in the present county of Summit. 

On the 11th of June, 1797, James Kingsbury and 
his family arrived at Cleveland. He was a native of 
Connecticut, but had moved from New Hampshire to 
Conncaut the previous season. For a short time he 
lived in a dilapidated house on the west side of the 
river, which may have been the one occuj)iod by John 

Early this season, also, Lorenzo Carter, of Rutland, 
Vt., and his brother-in-law, Ezekiel Hawloy, came to 
Cleveland with their families. According to a state- 
ment made in his lifetime by. Alonzo Carter, son of 
Lorenzo, his father arrived on the 3d of May; having 
stayed the previous winter in Canada. Carter and 
TIawley both located in Cleveland. One of the chil- 
dren of the latter was Fanny B., then five years old. 
She is still living, at the age of eighty-seven ycar.s, 
being now the venerable widow of Mr. Theodore 
Miles, of the eighteenth ward of Cleveland, formerly 
Ncwburg. She is unquestionably the earliest sur- 
viving resident of Cuyahoga county, and her memory 
spans the whole time and all the wonderful changes 
from the unbroken forest to the teeming county and 
the mighty metropolis. 

Mr. Carter, afterwards universally known as Major 
Carter, was well calculated to succeed in a new coun- 
try; being an extremely active, eiiterprising man, an 
expert hunter, and withal peculiarly adroit in gain- 
ing an influence over the Lidians, who were constant 
neighbors and fre(|uent visitors. He at once began 
entertaining travelers, and his was the first hotel in 
Cuyahoga county. 

The first marriage followed quickly after the fiist 
funeral. Carter's hired girl bore the peculiar name 
of Chloc Inches. Wiiile Mr. Carter was residing in 
Canada, during the previous winter, she had formed 
the ac(|uaintance of one William CJIement, who speed- 
ily followed her to Cleveland. They were marrii'd by 
Rev. Mr. Hart, and, as no further mention is made 

of Clement in ('levi'lan<l annals, we presume he re- ■ 
turned with his bride to Canada. ■ 

In June David Bryant and his son Gilmaii (the 
latter being afterwards a well known citizen and one 
of the latest surviving pioneers) came to Cleveland by 
boat; being on their way to a grindstone quarry on 
Vermillion river. Tlioy made trips back and forth 
all that summer, carrying grindstones east, probably 
into Pennsylvania. Their stopping place was at Car- 
ter's tavern. Besides those already named, Rudolphus 
Edwards became a resident of Cleveland during tlie 

Up to this time all that part of the Western Re- 
serve east of the Cuyahoga had continued to be a por- 
tion of the county of Washington, created in ITsS. 
witii its county-seat at Marietta. No one in this 
vicinity paid any attention to its authority, and the 
directors of the Land Company were very anxious to 
have a "legal and practicable government.'" Tlie 
legislature of Connecticut declined to assume any 
political authority. On the 29th of June, 1797, 
Washington county was divided; all the north part, 
including that portion of Cuyahoga east of the river, 
being formed by the legislature of the Northwest Ter- 
ritory into the county of Jefferson, with the seat of 
justice at Steuben villo. The latter place was fifty 
miles nearer than Marietta, l)ut still no attention was 
paid to the authorities there by the few inhabitants 
of the Reserve, nor did those authorities attempt to 
organize any townships within that district. 

The surveyors and their men were soon nearly all 
engaged in running the lines in the southern part of 
the Reserve; their headquarters in the field being, as 
before stated, a short distance below Cuyahoga Falls. 
A sad but interesting event, the last scene of which 
was in Cuyahoga county, is narrated by Amzi Atwater, 
then a youth scarcely twenty-one years old. While 
he and Warham Sliepard were running the south part 
of the fifth meridian (now the line between Trumbull 
and Portage counties), in the latter part of July, 
Minor Bieknell, one of the assistants, was taken 
violently sick with a fever. There was no medicine 
and no comforts for the sick, and the only hope 
of saving the man was to get him to Cleveland or the 
upper headquarters as soon as possible. Shepard 
agreed to go on with the survey with one man, while 
Atwater with one or two others undertook to convey 
Bieknell to a more desirable location. 

Placing one horse far enough behind another to 
admit of a man's lying lengthwise between them, 
Atwater and his helpers ])nt two long poles, one on 
each side of the horses, and fastened them to the 
pack-saddles with strips of bark. With other pieces 
of the same material tliey made a kind of net work 
between the poles. On this they made a bed of 
•blankets, and laid the sick man upon them. On the 
20tii day of July they started out, with no guide but 
Atwater's compass and the marks made along the 
lines already run. After going a short distance south, 
they proceeded west along the third parallel. A 



iiKiii was sent ahead to have a boat ready at the upper 
liead<|iuu-tcrs, if tlieru were any there. 

Bickuell was delirious a hirge part of thy time, and 
so serious was tlio difficulty in advancing through the 
forest with such an unwieldy carriage, and so great 
was Ihe necessity of moving the sick man carefully, that 
the cortege was only able to nialve about ten miles a 
(lay. Proceeding west to the present corner of Stow 
and Hudson townships. Summit county, Atwater 
turned south to the old Indian trail from the Ohio 
river to Sandusky. There he met his messenger, who 
said that the camj) at ujiper headquarters was taken 
up, and all the boats had gone down the river. The 
same man was then directed to go to Cleveland and 
get a boat to come up to the })rescnt south line of 
Independence, where the party would meet it. 

.\twat,er then went north, on the west line of Stow 
Mild Hudson, to the northwest corner of the latter 
tiiwuship, where he again turned to the west. Plod- 
ding wearily along the faint track which went straight 
liver hill and through valley, camping where night 
iiveitook him, listening to the occasional howl of 
till' wolves in the distance, and burdened all the time 
with the care of a delirious invalid who was hourly 
growing worse, the young surveyor found his own 
nervous and muscular system subjected to a terrible 
strain, and afterwards, no doubt truly, described this 
as the most exciting event of his life. At length, in 
tile forenoon of the 25th of July, they reached the 
Cuyahoga, on the line between Independence and 
I'li'i'cksville, and rested to await the ai-rival of the 
boat from Cleveland. 

But 111) aid could come cpiickly enough to help tlie 
smitten man, who died within two hours of his 
arrival at the river. Soon after noon Joseph Tinker 
(.anie with the expected boat, having Dr. Shcpard on 
board. The only thing that could tiien be done was 
to liury the unfortunate Bieknell, and he was accord- 
ingly interred near the river, close to the south line 
of Independence. Exhausted as Atwater was liy 
fatigue and anxiety, he was obliged almost immedi- 
ately to retrace his steps, m order to (ind Warhani 
Siiei)ard and helj) him out with the surveys. 

Apropos of this last event, it may be remarked that 
.Joseph Tinker, who came up in chaj-ge of the boat, 
seems to have acted as the principal master of trans- 
portal inn for the company; sometimes going liack to 
(!ouiieaut ami other points for sujiiilies, witli four or 
live men and u lioat, at otiier times trans|)orting the 
needed articles on pack-horses to the various jiarties 
of surveyors. lie was drowned in the lower part of 
iiuke Erie whili^ returning home the next fall, but his 
name is preserved in "Tinker's creek," which is the 
l)rincipal stream that flows into the Cuyahoga in 

this county; heading in Portage county and running 
through the townships of Solon, Bedford and Inde- 

The township lines were eoon eomjileted, and all 
the surveyors and their assistants returned to Cleve- 
laiiii. A few remaining lots of Cleveland township 
wt!re then run out, and Warrensville and part of 
Bedford were also divided into lots. Meanwhile the 
■'eiiualizing committee," composed of the principal 
surveyors, was hard at work, exploring the lownshi))s 
and settling on the size of the fractions which should 
be added to other townships, so as to make them all 
of substantially the same value. 

Work progressed slowly, for sickness iiad become 
extremely iirevalent. Fever and ague was the prinei- 
jial disease, but dysentery and bilious fever were also 
common. One of the workmen, named William An- 
drews, died in August, as did also Peleg Washburn, 
an apiu'cntice to Nathaniel Doan, the blacksmith. 
On the Sth of August the sick list numbered seven; 
on the 27th it had arisen to eleven, and on the 12th 
of Sei)teniber the number who could not work was 
twelve. The men having almost none of the appli- 
ances and comforts of civilized life, the ague racked 
them with extreme violence. The fits often came on 
every day, and when they passed oil it was all the 
poor, exhausted men could do to crawl from their 
blanket beds to the spring, and get water enough to 
last them through the next attack. 

On the 12th of September nine sick persons were 
discharged and sent east. About the first of October 
some of those who had acijuired claims in Euclid, 
under the agreement of the year before, nuule im- 
provements in accordance with that agreement. But 
the great anxiety to obtain land on the Iteserve had 
passed away under the influence of hardshij) and ague, 
and very few of the original contractors jiertormed 
their agreements and received their land, in the lat- 
ter part of October the surveyors and their assistants 
all left for the east. 

The families left at Cleveland were tliose of Carter, 
Ilawley, Kingsbury and Edwards. These, like the 
surveyors, had been terribly alllicted by ague, and Mr. 
Kingsbury determined to seek a healthier location. 
He accordingly removed to the high ridge running 
from what has since been called " Doan's Corners" 
to Newburg, at a jioint, about five miles from the 
lake, where the present Kinsman street strikes Wood- 
laml Hills avenue, and where his descendants still re- 
side. There he built him a cabin, which lie occui)ied 
with his family on the 11th of December; being the 
first permanent resident in the county away from the 
immediate shore of the lake. 





The Best Townships— Annual Meeting nf 17'J8-Nkw Assessment— Report 
ot the E(iualizing Committee -Subsequent Career ot Setli Pease-- 
Bounty on Gristmills— Road built to the Petmsylvania Line— Escaping 
the Ague— Carter's Generosity -Settlement of Euclid -An AgueSmit- 
ten Family— Description ot a Plumi>iiig-Mill~Kingsbupy's Hand Grist- 
mill—Lack of Medicine- Annual Indian Hunts in Cuyahoga County — 
Annual Drunks- C'arter's Quarrel with Indians -His Influence over 
thera-Fishiug at Rocky River— The First Gristmill-The Surveyor 
give up Euclid— The Fii-st Sawmill The First School -Formation ot 
Trumbull County -First Klection in it —First Court of Quarter Sessions 
ot Trumbull -First Justices of the Peace from the Present Cuyahoga 
-Organization ot Civil Townshi|is -Boundaries of Cleveland— First 
Constables— Kirtland's Remonstrance against High Prices. 

As before stated, it liad been decided by the direc- 
tors to take some of the most valuable townships as 
the standard, aivd bring the others up to that stand- 
ard by the addition of fractions. Those selected by 
the committee as the most valuable in the vehole Re- 
serve (outside of those chosen to be sold for the gen- 
eral benefit), were townships five, six and seven of 
range eleven, and townshii) eleven of range seven; 
now, respectively, Middleflcld in Summit county, 
Bedford and Warrensville in Cuyahoga county, and 
Perry in Lake county. 

At their annual meeting on the 2.Sd ui January, 
1798, the stockholders confirmed the action of the 
directors, in giving a city lot, a ten-acre lot and a hun- 
dred-acre lot to Mrs. Stiles, a hundred-acre lot to Mrs. 
Gun, and a hundred-acre lot to James Kingsbury; 
also a city lot to Nathaniel Doan, conditioned on iiis 
living on it as a blacksmith. At the same time an- 
other assessment of twenty dollars a share was ordered ; 
thirty-five dollars a share having already been raised 
during the preceding summer. 

The question of political jurisdiction was still not 
quite decided, but the stockholders offered all their po- 
litical authority, more or less, to Congress; at the same 
time requesting that the authorities of tiie Northwest 
Territory should form a new county, to embrace the 
AVesteru Reserve. Some small donations of land were 
also offered to actual settlers. A committee reported 
in favor of building a road near Lake Erie from the 
Pennsylvania line to Cleveland, with a branch to the 
salt springs in the present county of Mahoning. The 
stockholders voted that the fifteen hundred dollars 
promised to the Lidians, through Brant, should be 
paid to the United States superintendent of Indian 
affairs, to bo divided among the Six A'dfiiHin as he 
siiould think just. 

On the 39th of the same month tlie stockholders 
were again convoked by the directors to receive the 
report of the committee on partition, consisting of 
Pease, Spafford, Warren and ITol brook. Six town- 
ships were to be sold for the general benefit; two ot 
them being Euclid and Cleveland (then including 
Newburg) and four being outside of Cuyahoga county. 
Four other townships (Warrensville, Bedford and 
twi) outside tiie county) were drawn in four hundred 
parcels, one to each siiare. All tiu^ rest of the Re- 
serve east of the Cuyalioga was drawn in ninety- 
three jiarcels; each consisting of a towiisbi[i or more. 

These, as before arranged, were received by the ]iro- 
prietors, who clubbed together in groups for the pur- 
pose; each group dividing its portion among its mem- 
bers as they could agree. This ended the direct 
connection of Mr. Pease with the Connecticut Land 
Company. He was afterwards employed by the " Hol- 
land (!iuiipany " in surveying its land, which com- 
prised six or eight of the westernmost counties of 
New York. When his brother-in-law, Gideon Gran- 
ger, became j)ostniaster-general of the United States 
in 1801, Mr. Pease was made assistant postmaster- 
general. While holding that position he was employed 
by the government to relocate the south line of the 
Western Reserve, in 1800. 

The stockholders were still in trouble because Con- 
gress had failed to take any special action regarding 
their territory, and again petitioned the legislature of 
Connecticut to afford them relief, but that body wisely 
decided to make no movement which might bring it 
into collision with the national authorities. Tiie 
com{)any also voted to give two hundred dollars, or 
loan five hundred, to any one who would put up a 
gristmill near the Cuyahoga, and likewise to others, 
to do the same in other localities. Two more assess- 
ments were levied, often dollars jier share each. 

In the spring of 1798 a party of eighteen came out 
to the Reserve and built a road from Cleveland to the 
Pennsylvania line, near the lake shore, which occu- 
pied tiiem the greater part of the season. The same 
year Doan, (who had returned from the East to settle,) 
Edwards, Stiles and Gun followed the example of 
Kingsbury and located tiiemselves four or five miles 
each from the mouth of the Cuyahoga. Doan made 
his home at the point long known as Doan's Corners, 
and the others along the ridge south from tiiat point. 
Tiio object of all of them was to escape the ague, then so 
terribly prevalent in the "city," and to a great extent 
tliey succeeded. T'lieir removal left the "city" to 
the occupancy of Mr. Carter, Mr. AmosSpaft'ord, (who 
came there the same year) and their families, and to 
Joseph Landon and Stephen Gilbert who cleared land 
and sowed some wheat. The early accounts speak 
fre<juontly of tlie generous assistance afforded by Mr. 
Carter and his wife to the fever-smitten inhabitants. 
He seems to have escaped sickness to a considerable 
extent, and his expertness with his rifle enabled him 
to make fre<pieut and most welcome presents of game 
to his afflicted neighbors. Deer were i)lenty, and 
could be seen forty, fifty or even sixty rods away, 
owing to the fact that there was very little underbrush 
in any part of the county. Mr. Carter also brought 
goods that year to trade with the Indians; thus be- 
coming the first merchant in the county after the 
settlement by the whites. The same year Mr. .lohu 
Morse and others made a settlement in Euclid. 

As illustrative of the hardships undergone by the 
early settler, it may be mentioned that Nathaniel 
l)oan anil his whole family, numbering nine persons, 
were siek during a considerable part of the season. 
The only one able to do anything was his nephew, 

THE PERIOD FROM 17!iS TO 18(hi. 


S(^th Doiiu, a boy of thirteen, and he the incvita- 
lil<' sliakes. For two months Setli went to Mr. 
Kinijshiiry's and got eorn, which he then ern.shed in 
Ml-. King8l)nry".s liand-niill and took iionie to (lie 
family. When he was nnahle to go tliey had no 
vegetable food hut turnips, though (iartei' and his 
Ihiiuids kept them pretty well su[iplied with venison. 

The mill spoken of, at least the first one built liy 
Mr. Kingsbury, was of the form which was common 
in all tiie new country tluring (he first years of settle- 
niriil. An oak stumj) was hollowed out so that it 
wiiuhl hold about half a bushel of corn. Above it a 
iieavv wooden jiestle was suspended to a ''spring- 
p(ii(\" the large end of which was fastened to a neigli- 
lioring tree. A convenient quantity of corn being 
]ii)ured into the hollow, the pestle was seized with 
b.iih hands and brought down u|i()n it. Then the 
spring-pole drew it up a foot or two above the corn, 
when it was again brought down, and thus the work 
continued until the corn was reduced to a (piantity of 
very coarse meal. These machines were commonly 
called " plum|)ing-mills," and probably each of tiie 
first-settled townships in tiie county had one or more 
of those rude but convenient articles. For three or 
four years there was no water-mill nearer than Penn- 

.Mr. Kingsbury, however, being a particularly en- 
terprising pioneer, soon constructed something more 
effective than his plumping-niill, tliough still unal)le 
to compass a regular gristmill. Getting a cou|)le of 
large stones in the vicinity, he shaped them into 
some similitude to mill-stones and fastened the lower 
tirmly in position. To the upper one he affixed a 
long lever, by which it could be rotated back and 
forth, and with this simple machinery lie and his 
neighbors were able to grind their corn finer and 
more rapidly than with the discarded plum|)ing-mill. 

Tiie doctor who attended the surveyors having re- 
turned with them, there was no physician in all this 
jiart of the Reserve. It fact it was twelve years 
jiiore before one located in Cuyahoga county. The 
peojile had to do their own doctoring and pi'ovidc 
their own medicine. Instead of calomel they used an 
infusion of butternut Ijark; instead of ipiinine, a de- 
coction of dogwood and cherry. These were crude 
remedies, yet, notwithstanding the extreme sickliness 
of tiie locality, which is admitted by all the early set- 
tlers, it does not appear that tin; moi-tality was niiieli 
larger than in sections where there was an ample sup- 
ply of physicians. Doubtless, however, a good phy- 
sician would have stojiped the iircvaleiit fevers more 
quickly than they "wore themselves out," and would 
thus have |)revcnted much suffering. 

The last three years of the cigiiteenth cent iiiy were 
remarkable in this locality for the early appearance of 
warm weather. Pinks and other llowers bloomed in 
February each year, and peach trees were in full 
blossom in March. 

All along during the early years of settlement the 
Chippewas, Ollatoas aud other westeru Indians, to 

the number of several hundred, were in the habit of 
coming every autumn from their summer homes on 
the Sandusky and iM an nice, where they raised their 
corn, and assembling at the mouth of the Cuyahoga. 
There they piled their canoes, and then scattered out 
into the interior to spend the winter in hunting and 
tra))[)iiig. Having ac'|uircd an ample supply of meat 
for summer use, and a ipiantity of valuable furs, they 
would return in the s[)ring to the point where they 
had left their canoes. 

Here they would sell their furs, ami before return- 
ing home would indulge in a grand, annual drunk. 
For this festive occasion they prepared, with praise- 
worthy caution, by giving their tomahawks, knives, 
rifles and all other weapons to the squaws. These 
articles the latter would liiile in some secluded place, 
carefully concealed from the warriors. iSometimes an 
ample allowance of whisky would be ]>nrchased "in 
bulk " of the nearest trader, with which the Indians 
would retire to some forest nook and there celebrate 
their frantic orgies. Sometimes they bought it by the 
drink; increasing the amount and the frequency as 
the hours [irogressed. 

Whichever way was adopted a terrific scene was 
the result. The warriors, as the whisky mounted t,o 
their brains, threw off all the usual stolidity of their 
demeanor; told with braggart shouts of the wars in 
which they had been engaged aud the number of 
scal|is they had taken; tore off even the scanty gar- 
ment they generally wore; rent the air with blood- 
curdling yells, and often fought among themselves 
with nature's weapons or such clubs and stones as 
they could jiick u|i. At such times they frecpiently 
sought zealously for the knives and rifles of which 
they had pi'cviously disjiossessed themselves, but the 
.s<piaws generally i)erformed their duty as custodians 
with great fidelity, and a severe pounding was the 
most serious injury the irate warriors received at each 
other's hands. 

ffor were the sipiaws entirely dei)rived of their 
share of amusement. After their lords had awakened 
fi'om the sleep which followed their debauch, aud had 
received back their weapons, the gentler sex were al- 
lowetl (iirovided there was any whisky left or any fur 
to buy it with) to indulge in a lively drunk of their 
own. Their demonstrations were almost as frantic, 
but not usually as pugnacious, -ah those of the warriors. 

After all had satiated themselves with i)leasure — 
according to their ideas — they launched their canoes, 
loaded in their dried deer meat and bear meat, and 
those skins which, being unsalable to the whites, they 
destined for the furnishing of their lodges, and 
paddled swiftly away to their fertile cornfields at the 
head of the lake. 

In the spring of 17'.*'.', the Indians obtained the 
whisky for their annual celebration from Mr. Car- 
ter. After using up their first sup|)ly they sent him 
furs and obtained more, and this was often re[ieateil. 
Doubtless thinking that the less liquor they drank 
the better off they would be, the worthy trader, ;ii> 



the tradition goes, diluted the whisky with larger and 
larger ((iiantities of water, as his customers became 
more and more intoxicated. The result was tiiat 
tliey became sober long before they exiiected, and 
knew that a fraud had been perpetrated. Nine of 
them came to Carter's cabin in a great rage; swearing 
vengeance because tliey had l)eeii ciieated out of a 
part of their drunk. Luckily all their arms were still 
in the possession of the s(|uaws. They ((uickly burst 
open the cabin door, but the burly trader, standing 
behind it, knocked down three or four of tliem as they 
entered, sprang over their prostrate forms, rushed 
upon those outside, and drove tlicni, unaccustomed 
to fist-fights, in tumultuous disorder to their canoes. 
Ere he returned to the cabin, his other foes gathered 
themselves up and sli]iped (piietly away. 

For a while Carter was somewhat anxious lest they 
sliould all return with their weapons, but instead of 
that, after a considerable time had passed, a deputa- 
tion of s(piaws appeared and professed themselves 
desirous to make peace. The tradei' readily assented, 
walked over alone to the camp of his enemies, and 
easily succeeded in pacifying tliem. Wlietiier he 
was able to convince ti)em that it was a highly moral 
transaction to water an Indian's whisky when he 
was getting too drunk, and then knock him down 
for resenting it, history saith not, but there is no 
doubt that he exorcised an immense influence over the 
Indians, and could take liberties with tliem which no 
one else could. His bold, rough-and-ready ways, 
his great physical strength, and his expertness as a 
marksman and hunter, far sujjerior to tlieir own, 
were all attributes which naturally gained the intense 
admiration of the rude, untntored children of the 
forest. Some of them declared he was a magician, and 
could kill an animal with his riile without breaking 
its hide. 

On their way to and from their summer residence, 
the Indians usually stoj)ped at Rocky river to fish, and 
this was also a favorite resort of the whites. The 
former generally fished at night in their canoes, with 
torclilight and spears; the whites used these means, 
l)ut also fre(iuently resorted to the hook and line, 
and sometimes managed to construct a small seine. 

In the spring, summer and fall of 17!I'.J, W. W. 
Williams and Major Wyatt built the first gristmill in 
the present county of Cuyahoga. It was located at 
the falls of Mill creek, in what was long known as 
the village of Newburg, but is now a i)art of the city 
of (Jleveland. 'I'lie Land Company gave the ])roprie- 
tors a luiiidred acres of land aud all the irons for 
their mill, in consideration of their ))ntting it up. 
The irons were the most important part of the struct- 
ure, as it was absolutely necessary to bring them from 
the East, while all the rest of the apiiliances could be 
procured in the vicinity. 

The water was conveyed in a trough dug out of 
logs to an undershot wheel, "twelve feet over," 
which had but one set of arms, with brackets fifteen 
inches long, running inside the trough. David and 

Gilman Bryant, who were still engaged in their grind- 
stone trade from Vermillion river, made the mill- 
stones out of material obtained by the side of the 
creek, half a mile below the mill. 

By this time it had become evident that almost all 
the surveyors had given up tlieir idea of settling in 
Euclid, and about all that remains in evidence of 
their design is the name of the great mathematician, 
api)lied by tlieni to their favorite township. Other 
settlers, however, came into that townshiii and Cleve- 
land, of whom more particular mention will be made 
in the township histories. 

The next year, J800, Williams and Wyatt built a 
sawmill, near their gristmill, on Mill creek; the 
former, like the latter, being the first institution of 
its kind in the county. As in the case of tlie first 
mill, too, the irons for the sawmill were presented by 
the company. 

This year was also distinguished by the establish- 
ment of the first school in the county. It was kept 
by Miss Sarah Doan in the Kingsbury neighborhood, 
which, as before stated, was long a part of Newbui-'>-, 
but has now been absorbed in the omnivorous city. 

Some important movements were made regarding 
the fee-simple and the political jurisdiction of the 
Western Reserve. The United States at length for- 
mally conveyed all its title to the soil of that terri- 
tory to the State of Connecticut (by which State it 
had been legally v.ested in the members of the Land 
Conij)anyand in the ''Fire Lands" jiroprietors), while 
on the other hand the State formally released to Hie 
United States all its claims to the political jurisdic- 
tion of the territory in question. 

On the lOth of July, 1800, the legislature of Ohio 
formed a new county out of parts of Jefferson and 
Wayne, comprising all of the Western Reserve, in- 
cluding the "Fire Lands" and the neighboring is- 
lands in the lake. To this county was given the 
name of "Trumbull," in honor of Jonathan Trum- 
bull, then governor of the State of Ccmnecticut, and 
a son of thecelebrated Revolutionary governor of the 
same name, who was the original " Brother.Jonathan." 
The county-seat was located at Warren; the most of 
the settlers, who were very few, being in the soiilh- 
eastern corner of the Reserve. 

On the -i-Znd of September, ISOO. Gov. St. Clan- 
issued his proclamation, directed to David Abboft, 
who had been appointed sheriff of Trumbull county, 
and who lived near the mouth of Chagrin river in 
the present county of Lake, reiiuiring him to hold an 
election at Warren on the second Tuesday of October, 
for the purpose of choosing a representative in the 
Territorial legislature. The election was duly held 
at the time and place specified, when only forty-two 
votes were cast for the whole county of Trumbull; 
that is to say in the whole Western Reserve. As it 
was about sixty miles from the county-seat to Cleve- 
land and the same distance to Conneaut, it is quite 
probable that some of the voters stayed at home. 
Edward Paine, whom we have mentioned as living 

THP] IM*;ilI()I) FROM 18(11 TO lS(ir,. 


with Ihc Stiles family diuiiijj; the lirst winter tliut 
Gleveliuul was occupied by wliitc people, received 
thirty-eight of the forty-two votes, and was declared 
duly elected. This was the first election in which the 
settlers on the Reserve had taken part, and they were 
highly pleased to lind themselves once more perform- 
ing the accustomed duties of citizens. 

Afeanwhile, however, the lirst c^ourt of (puirlcr ses- 
sions had been held at Warren, on the fourth Monday 
of August, 1800, by the judge of i)robal(^ and the 
"justices of (|norum"'of the new county. The for- 
mer was John [icavitt. The latter were .John Young, 
Tinliand Kii'tland, Camden Oleayeland, HIiphalet 
Austin ami Janu'S Kingsbury; the last named being 
the only member fi'om the present county of Cuya- 
hoga. 'I'be lirst justice of the peace not "of (pio- 
runi," from tliis county, was Amos Spaiford. The 
court appointed a commission consisting of Amos 
SpalTord, David Hudson, Simeon Perkins, John Mi- 
nor, A, Wheeler, Edward Paine and Benjamin David- 
son, to report a proper division of TrnmbuU county 
into townsiii[)S with convenient boundaries. 

On their report the county was organized in eight 
linvnships, of which Cleveland was the westernmost. 
It com|)rised all of Cuyahoga county, together with 
the townships of Chester, Russell and Bainliridge in 
Geauga county. It also embraced the wiiole Indian 
country to the western boundary of the Reserve, (in- 
cluding the Fire Lands,) which was also the western 
boundary of the county. Its jurisdiction over the 
tract west of the Cuyahoga was, however, merely 
nominal; as there were no white men there to govern, 
and no one in those days thought of subjecting the 
Indians on tlieir own ground to civil law. Thus the 
township of Cleveland had an area of aliout two thou- 
sand three hundred and forty s<|uare miles; of which, 
however, only about two hutulred and sixty sipiare 
miles were oi)en to occupation by the whites. 'I'he 
next township east of Cleveland was Painesville. 

The distinction between survey townshi|)s and c:i\ il 
townships .should always be boriie in mind iiy those 
studying tlie early histin-y of this section, 'i'hus, 
while the civil township of Cleveland embraced the 
immense territory above described, the survey town- 
ship of the same name comprised only a small district 
aliout five miles by eight, out of wiiich were after- 
wards formed the civil townships of (Jlevelaud and 

After the county had been thus divided into town- 
ships, the court appointed constables for them; thr)sc 
for f^evelaud lieiiig Stephen (Jilbert and fjorcnzo 

In this year Turhand Kirtland, writing to (ii-neral 
Cleaveland from the town wkich bore the name of 
the latter, declared that the prices of land were too 
high; objecting especially to the demand of twenty- 
live dollars per acre for city lots. lie stated that 
ibe crop.s were extremely good, the .settlers iiealthy 
and in good s|)irils, and their numbers increasing as 
rapidly as could be expected. There was a universal 

scarcity of cash, however, which of course made pay- 
ments dillicult. T'he .settlers were anxious that the 
company should build a store, and take grain and 
other produce in jiayment for thi-ir land. This, iiow- 
cver, was not done. 


THE PERIOD FROM 1801 TO 1806. 

Saincii'l lIunliTiKton -No— Oranrt Fimrth of July Ci-li'liralion— 
(lilrimn nry.ant anil his Lady— The Ball— A Tiav«liiig Minisli'r— First 
Town .McRtiiiif— First Township Offlceis— Mr. Hnntinglon ninilc .Ins- 
tion <it the Quorum— His Politics— Attempt to sell Six Toivnships— 
Failuri-, anil tlie Oause-Thr Townships divided- HuntingUm a Judge 
of the Supreme Court-First Indictment— The First Murder— •' Me no 
f laid "—A Treacherous Bli>w-Thri> its of Revenge— A Compromise- 
Two Gallons of Consolation Organization of Militia— (^artt»r elected 
Captain — A Useless Protest — The Captain promoted to Ma.ior The 
Sloop Cuyahoga Packet -Purchase of th(> Land West of th(^ Cuyahoga 
— Proposed Council .at Cleveland -Indians stay Away— Coluicil at San- 
dusky— Terms of the Treaty Silver in Payment-First Post-Dtllce— 
Collection-District of Erie— Settlement of Mayndd— Another Mliitia 
Election— List of Voters- Formation of Geauga County— Survey of 
West-Side Lands— The Perils of the Lake— A Terrible Scene— Rescue 
of "Ben" — Loss of the Schooner "Washington." 

E.vitLY ill the spring of 1801, Samurj Iliint ington, 
of Connecticut (a nephew of the governor of that State 
of the same name), who had been examining the 
lands on the Reserve during the previous summer, 
and had at the same time obtained admission to the 
bar of the State, came to Cleveland and selected that 
point as his future homo. He immediately employed 
workmen to build him a large, hewed-log, 
which, notwithstanding its humble materials, ap- 
peared fpiite aristocratic in comparison with the 
cai)ins of the other settlers. He also employed Mr. 
Samuel Dodge to bnild him a framed l)arn; this being 
the first framed edifice in the county. The boards 
were of course oi)tained from Williams and Wyatt's 
mill at Newburg. 

Mr. Huntington was the first lawyer in the county. 
He did not, hcuvever, obtain any considerable prac- 
tice; for the immigrants from the land of steady 
haljits were not litigious, and were too few in number 
to make much business for an attorney. Huntington 
was evidently ahead of his time, as were many others, 
in expecting that Cleveland would soon be a large 
town. In fact no one could have appeared more in- 
congruous among the rude settlers, the red Indians, 
the log cabins and the frowning forests of this ex- 
treme frontier than the slight, dapper counselor, 
thirty-live years old, about five feet eight inches tall, 
highly educated, and having actiuired in European 
travel not only a knowledge of the French language 
l)ut a<lemonstrative alTability of manner, described by 
Americans by the general title of " Frenchy." Yet 
so impartially were his hows and smiles distributed 
to all around, and so shrewd wjis his political man- 
agement, that important |inblic trusts were soon C(tn- 
fided to him, and he rose in no long time to the 
higiiest honors of the State. His first advancement 
w;is an appointment as lien tenant-colonel of the 
Trumbnll-connty militia regiment. 


Down to this time there had been no laws of any kind 
in tlie vicinity. Tiiere were no officiaLs to enforce tliein, 
and in fact it had previously been some what doubt- 
ful whether the laws of the Northwestern Territory 
ajiplied to the Connecticut Reserve. For a wonder, 
there had been no cases of lynch-law, and there 
had been but a single instance of what might be 
called chib-law — the row between Carter anil the 

It might appear that there was now a prospect of 
more lively times, for in this year the first distillery 
in the present ciiunty was erected at Cleveland by 
Uavid Bryant. 'I'll is, however, was entirely a matter- 
of-course proceeding; a distillery being invariably one 
of the first institutions of a new settlement, and 
being generally erected l)y one of the most ivs|ioeta- 
ble and responsible men in it. 

All the old chronicles speak enthusiastically of the 
grand celebration and ball in honor of the Fourth of 
July, in 1801. The writer was at first in doubt 
whether this should he included in the general history 
of the county or be relegated to the more restricted 
details of Cleveland local annals. But after duly 
considering tliat it was the first Fourth-of-July cele- 
bration in the county, (at least the first that has found 
its way into history.) and was likewise the first ball in 
the county, and was prolnibly attended by almost all 
the citizens of the county, he has concluded to assign 
it a j)lace among the county annals. 

Of the patriotic observances during the day no ac- 
count has been preserved, but the grand ball has been 
described in glowing terms. Oilman Bryant, one of 
the ]):irticii)aulrS, has narrated, in a letter i)nl>lislied by 
Colonel Whittlesey, the appearance and mode of travel 
of himself and his lady, in terms doubtless applicable 
with some modifications to many others of the guests. 
The youthful knight, only seventeen years old, waited 
on "Miss Doan. who had just arrived at Doau's Cor- 
ners four miles cast of Cleaveland," and who w;is 
]u-obably the daughter of Timothy l»o;ui, who came 
thither that year but afterwards removed to Euclid. 
The lady was hut fourteen years old. 

The cavalier attired himself gorgeously, in what he 
assures us was the prevailing mode; wearing a suit of 
gingham, a good, wool hat and a i)air of siihstantial, 
brogan shoes, llis long hair was bound behind in a 
(pieue about as long and as thick as an ordinary corn- 
col), tieil round with ayard and a half of black ribbon, 
below which the hair extended in a small tuft. Those 
were the days of jjowdered wigs among the gentry. 
and the youth came as near the genteel standard as 
he could by annointing his hair with tallow. an<l then 
sifting on it as much flour as he could make stick. 
Thus arrayed, he mounted a horse and rode out to his 
lady's mansion of logs. She clind)ed upon a stum|i, 
and he rode up beside it; she kirtled her calico dress 
about her waist lo keep it clean, spread her under- 
j)etticoat on the horse's back, mounted, and clasped 
her cavalier about the waist to steady herself, and 
away they went iu splendid style to the double log- 

house of Mr. Carter, on the brow of the hill at the 
west end of Superior street. 

Thither, too, came the whole rli/i' of the Cuyahoga 
county which was to be. Wagons rolled in from the 
lake-washed shores of Euclid ; horsemen with dames 
behind them rode down from the mills of Mill creek, 
arid young farmers came in high glee with their girls 
from the Kingsbury ridge, which had attracted so 
many settlers on account of its healthy location. No 
less than twenty gentlemen and fifteen ladies graced 
the festive occasion. John Wood, Benjamin Wood 
and R. 11. Bliun were the managers; Samuel Jones, 
afterwards (piite noted as Major Jones, was the chief 
violinist and floor-manager. His ringing tones called 
off the rignres in "Fisher's Hornpipe," "Hi, Betty 
Martin" and the " Virginia Reel," and cavaliers and 
dames, old and young, married and single, responded 
with a vigor which marked the rude floor with the 
dent of many a heavy brogan, while the rough ceiling 
was almost reaidied by the heads of some of the taller 
dancers. If their spirits flagged they were speedily 
renovated with a beverage concocted of whisky, water 
and maple sugar, and the 5th of July was well under 
way ere the jovial revelers returned to their homes 
by means of the same primitive conveyances which 
had borne them to the scene of festivity. ' 

The first minister in the county, of whom there is 
any record, (aside from Seth Hart, whose business as 
superintendent of the Land Company was of a secular 
nature,) was the Reverend Joseph Badger, a mission- 
ary from Connecticut, who came along the lake shore 
about the middle of August, 1801. After lodging at 
Carter's he and a companion crossed the Cuyahoga in 
a canoe, (leading their horses which swam the stream.) 
and then ])ursiied the Indian path to Rocky river. 
There, while cutting brush, they were, as he says, 
saluted with a "sing," which on investigation proved 
to be that of a "large, yellow rattlesnake," which 
they immediately dispatched. 

In 180'i. at the February term of the court of i|uar- 
ter-sessioiis for Trumbull county, it was ordered that 
iJie first town meeting of the township of Cleveland 
should be held at the house of James Kingsbury. It 
was accordingly so held, Rudolplius Edwards serving 
as chairnuin, and the following officers were elected: 
town clerk, Nathaniel Doan ; trustees, Amos Spaf- 
ford, Timothy Ooau and W. W. Williams; apprais- 
ers of houses, Saniuel Hamilton and Elijah Oun ; 
lister, Ebenezer Ayer : supervisors of highways, Sam- 
uel Huntington, Nathaniel Doan and Samuel Hamil- 
ton ; overseers of the poor, W. W. Williams and 
Samuel Huntington ; fence-viewers, Lorenzo Carter 
and Nathan Chapman ; constables, Ezekiel Hawley 
and Richard Craw. 

While Mr. Huntington's neighbors were thus elect- 
ing him til the honorable, but not very important, 
oHict's of supei'visor of highways a.nd overseer of the 
poor, (Jov. St. Clair had in January appointed him 
one of the justices "of the (|Uorum" for Trumbull 
county, and when the court of quarter sessions met. 

TTIK I'KRIolt FROM 1S(M To 1800. 


;ilUi(iiit;li iiii was I he jiinidi- iiii'iiilicr, liis :il hiiimicnts 
wtTO such tluit all his collcagitos gladly coiiseiitod 
I Nat. he should act as (thairniaii. 

This year an act was passed by Congress, providing 
for a convention f,o forma 8tafo constitution for Ohio. 
In Noveniher an ele('tion was held for iiieinhtws of 
the eonviMition, and ^[r. Huntington was chosen a 
delega((^ for Truniluill county. In the division of 
parties Mr. Huntington ranked himself among the 
liej)nl)licans, or followers of .lefferson, in opposition 
to the Federalists, who helicv{Hl in the pi'iuciples of 
Washington and IFn-inilton. The foi-nier p:i,rty ei'e 
long took the iKime of " Democrat," which it has re- 
tained to the picscnt time, winle its own old naine 
of '' Uepubli(^•ln " \v;is .■iilopted some twenty-liNc^ 
years ago by the new party formed to resist the ag- 
gressions of slavery. Mr. Huntington, however, was 
a moderate member of the l{ei)ublican iiart.y, and the 
old Federalists, finding they had no chance of |>arty 
success in Ohio, willingly contributed to the advance- 
ment of the ambitions Cleveiaiuler. who thus mounted 
rajiidly to high honors. 

In July, 180,^, Mr. Badger again visited this ]iai't 
of the Reserve. In his account of his former journe\ 
he makes no mention of preaching within the limits 
of Cuyahoga county, hut this year he preached to the 
live families whom he found at Newhurg, which name 
had already been given to the settlement around I he 
mills on Mill creek. Even there, the reverend 
gentleman coidd liiid no apparent piety. Jn Cleve- 
land he states there were but two families, though 
we cannot make out less than three. Fn Euclid, al- 
together, there were four or live families. 

About this period the six township.s, reserved as 
before stated for the general benefit of the Land C'om- 
pany, were put uj)on the market. The company was 
grievously disapjwinted at the results, for only very 
little land was sold and very low prices were obtained. 
••t!ity lots" also fell fnmi lifi \ dollars each in cash to 
lueiity-live dollars on credit. P^migration, at least 
into I his part of the K'eserve, was very slow — slower 
IIkhi into almost any other newly op(!ned portion of 
th(^ lIiiit(Hl States sinc(! tln^ Uev(dutioii. 

The reason is evident,. When the Conned iciil, 
Laml Comi)any iumiIc its givat pMrcbasi'. il, w:i,s e\- 
pec'tcd that large nnmbei's (jf emigi-aiils ucmiM go to 
New (.!(uiiiecticut by \v:t\ of Laki^ Krie. I!ut erelong 
the great tract of scvei-a! niillidus of acres in western 
New York, known iis I he Holland rurchase, was 
bought from the lndi:iiis an<l opened Ut set I lenient ;it 
Inw rates. Conse(pieiit ly no one would go ibroiigh 
that tract :ind two hundred miles beyond, uidess he 
•oiild obluin land at ruiiuiusly low prices. Adil to 
that that in the early days this section liiid a pecu- 
liarly unfortunate reputation regarding feverand ague. 
and it is easy to see why settlement was extremely slow. 
Many of the Land Company were heavy losers by 
till! specidation, and even the most fortunat(! gaim-d 
but, little inimedialebenelit., however, who were 
able to make their payments to the Stiile of Connecti- 

cut, and their numerous assessments to the company 
for necessary improvements, and to keep their pro[i- 
erty twenty or thirty years, either secured good in- 
vestments for their old age or left handsome estates 
to their children. In December, 1802, it being found 
impracticable to sell the six townships, they were 
divided by draft among the shareholders; thus dis- 
posing of all the Company's lands east of the Cuya- 
hoga, except a few city lots. 

After the adoption of the State constitution for 
<*bio, Mild tJic admission of the new State into the 
Union. Mr. Huntington, in the forepart of 1803, was 
elect(Hl a State senator for the county of Trumbull, 
and on the meeting of the first legislature he was 
made jiresident of the seiialc. Even this rapid ad- 
vancement was not all; on the second day of April, 
1803, he was aijjiointed a, judge of the supreme court. 
His commission was the first one emanating from the 
goveriioi- of the State of Ohio. 

Civilization steadily progressed; about this same 
time the lirst indictment against any one in the jire- 
scnt Cuyahoga county was found by the grand jury 
of Trumbull county against our active friend, the 
landlord, constable and Indian-trader, Lorenzo Charter, 
for assault a-nd battery on James Hamilton, of New- 

The same year the legislature divided the State into 
four military districts; Trundjull county falling into 
the fourth district, (under Major-General Elijah 
Wadsworth, of Cantichl,) which also embraced Col-- 
umbiana and Jollersou counties and included all that 
pMrt of the State north of the south line of the latter 

It was also in tJiis yea,r, as near ;is can bo ascer- 
tained, (some say 1803,) that the lirst murder of which 
there is any record took |)laee in the county; though, 
as both the i)arties were Indians, it is not improbable 
that sinne similar transaction oc(uirred hei-c long be- 
fore any white man took tlu^ trouble to write about il. 
The crime sprang partly from superstition ami [lartly 
from idcobol; thf latter can.s(' could not oimu-mIc be- 
fore the M,(heiit, of the whites, but the former had 
an o]Kai held before as well as after that epoch. 

Although, as before stilled, there were but two <u- 
three f.iinilies at Cleveland, yet there were several 
persons, without families, in active busiiu^ss there, 
havid lirvMiil was running his dist-illery, Elisha Nor- 
ton :in(l David Clark were trading with the Indians, 
and a Scotchman named Alexander Campbell also 
built, a small tra<ling-house for the same jiui-pose. 
Tins little cluster of cabins around the distillery, 
under the bill, fm-med a constant attraction for both 
Indians .iiid sipiaws, esi)ecially at the time of their 
aiinuai return from llieir hunting exj>editions up the 
river. The sipiMWs bought the gaudiest calicos they 
ciuild lind ami s(\-irfs of tlu^ brightest hues, and were 
not averse while ti'ading to exchanging amorous 
glances with the traders, who were great men because 
they had so much calico. The warriors, more simple 
in their desires, bought whisky. 



Among the Indians who frequented the little group 
of cahins was a Seneca, called by the whites " Big 
Son," a brother of a chief named Stigwanisli; the 
latter being a person of considerable influence, to 
whom was given tlie distinctiveappellation of Seneca — 
he being considered the especial representative of that 
powerful Trorjnoi.i tribe, of wlioni only a few were 
settled in tliis section. Big Son's wife fell sick, and 
lie employed as iier physician a " medicine-man " be- 
longing to the Chippewa tril)e, whose name was 
Mcnompsy— generally abbreviated by the whites to 
" Nobsy." The squaw died and the disconsolate hus- 
band attributed her death to the medicine-man. Big 
Son made some threats, but he was generally consid- 
ered a coward, oven by his brother, Stigwanish, who 
had treated him with great coldness in consequencej 
and it was not supposed there would be any serious 

Late one afternoon Menompsy was in Carter's tav- 
ern, when the subject of Big Son's threats was intro- 
duced. " Me no fraid," said the medicine man; "me 
charmed — no ball, no knife can kill me. See!" he 
exclaimed, throwing open his blanket and displaying 
several ugly scai's on various parts of his body, "see 
where Indian cut me; another Indian shoot me, and 
me no dead man yet — me no dead man yet.* 

Shortly afterwards he went down to one of the 
trading-houses at the foot of the hill. There he met 
Big Son, whose grief for his defunct spouse had been 
greatly stimulated by deep potations of Bi'yant's fiery 
whisky. A fierce altercation ensued, in which the 
Seneca renewed his threat and Menompsy again re- 
jieated: "Me no 'fraid — me no 'fraid." 

They went out of the store together, and asoended 
the path which wound up the bluff, where Union 
lane had been laid out and now runs. It was then 
becoming quite dark. When partly up the hill Big 
Son held out his hand, as if to shake hands in token 
of reconciliation. The same instant he drew his knife 
and plunged it into the side of the unguarded medi- 
cine-man. The latter fell to the ground, while the 
Seneca speedily made his way to the encampment of 
his brethren, below Carter's. 

An outcry was raised, and several white men came 
running to the scene— among them Mr. Cartel'. The 
wounded man looked up in his face, saying: "Me 
dead man now — yes, Nobsy broke now," and soim 
afterwards expired. 

In a short time some (Jliij)pewan took up the body 
and carried it across the river. There a grand pow- 
wow was held over it, and yells of revenge resounded 
through the forest hour after hour. The whites on 
the cast side were in extreme fear lest the savage 
Chipjwwas should attcmiit revenge on the small num- 
licr of Senecas, in which case the settlers were liable 
to be assailed in the drunken rage of the two parties. 
The next morning the CMfpewa warriors were seen 

•This part of the account is derived from Mrs. Miles, before men- 
tioned, who heard it from lier uncle. Major Carter, immediately after 
the murder. 

with their faces painted black in token of war, while 
it was not doubted that the Otlawast would stand liy 
their friends against the arrogant Iroquois. 

Messrs. Carter and Sjjafford interposed, and after 
some negotiations the wrathful Chippeuuis were in- 
duced to forego their vengeance on very reasonable 
terms; to wit, in consideration of a gallon of whisky, 
which Bryant was to make for them that day. It 
was agreed, however, that the Indians should remove 
their fallen brother to Rocky river before going 
through with the funeral ceremonies; as it was rightly 
supposed that an Indian "wake " at Cleveland, under 
the existing circumstances, might be even more dan- 
gerous than a declaration of war. 

For awhile tlie warriors waited patiently for the 
expected wiiisky. But Mr. Bryant, who happened to 
be busy at something else, with singular recklessness 
neglected to manufacture the promised peace-offering, 
and toward night the savages liecame more wrathy 
than before. They departed for their camp across 
the river, muttering threats of vengeance, which this 
time distinctly included the faithless whites. They 
were again followed by the principal men of the 
settlement, who solemnly promised that in view of 
their disai)i)oiiitnient the amount of the peace-otfering 
should be doubled, and they should certainly receive 
two gallons of whisky the next day. This time Bryant 
did not fail to perform, and the Chippewas obtained 
their consolation in time to remove the body to Rocky 
river the second day after the murder, accompanied 
by their friends, the Ollawas. When the mournful 
but fantastic ])rocession passed out of sight into the 
western woods, the whites breathed much more freely 
than they had during the previous forty-eight hours. 

Meanwhile the murderer and his brother Senecas 
do not appear to have troubled themselves much about 
the threats of the western Indians; apparently relying 
on the valor and warlike skill which jtertaiiied to them 
as a fraction of the all-conquering Iroquois. No one 
seems to have doubted that they would have defended 
Big Son against any attempt at vengeance on the 
part of the CJiipjmras. So far from being detested 
as a murderer by his countrymen, the lately despi.sed 
coward had suddenly become a hero in their eyes. 
The treacherous method in which vengeance was taken 
did not affect the glory of the deed, and Stigwanish 
promptly received his brother into high consideration. 

Early in 1804 we find the first movement made to 
organize the militia of this section; an event at that 
time of considerable imjiortance. The "trainings" 
were holidays attended by the whole population, and 
to be a captain or major of militia added in no slight 
degree to the consequence of the fortunate official. 
On the sixth of April Major-General Wadsworth issued 
an order dividing his district into two brigade-dis- 
tricts, the second of which consisted of Trunifiull 
county. This again Avas subdivided into two regi- 
mental districts, the first of which embraced all that 
part of the county north of the north line of town- 
sliij) five in the several r;inges; that is, north of North- 



ik'ld, Twinsburg, etc., iiiid including all of the present 
Cuyahoga county east of the river, together with 
Lake, Aslitabiila, Geauga and part of Triinibull coun- 
ties. It contained eight couijjany districts, the 
fourth of which comprised the civil township of 
C'ievuland; tlie boundaries whereof at tliat time have 
already been described. By the same order the com- 
])anies were directed to hold elections on the second 
of .May following, at which the members of each were 
to choose their own company oHicers. 

Accordingly, on the ap])ointed day tlie meml)ers 
of (he fourth company, first regiment, second l)rig- 
ade, fourth division, Ohio State militia, assembled 
at the house of James Kingsbury for the i)urj)ose 
just mentioned. James Kingsbury, Nathaniel Doan 
and Henjaniin Gold were elected judges. Tliere 
was a hot contest for the honors of tlie day, 
bill the judges decided and certified that Lorenzo 
C'arter was duly elected captain, Nathaniel Doau 
lieuteuaut, and Samuel Jones "ensign;" the latter 
oHicer corresjiouding to a second lieutenant at tlie 
present time. 

A protest was, however, put on record l)y eight 
voters, including several leading citizens, requesting 
the major-general to set aside the election. They 
alleged that persons under eighteen, and others not 
liable to military duty, had voted for the successful 
men, as well as some who did not reside in the town- 
shi|i. I'hey also declared Garter ineligible, firstly 
because he had given spirituous l:i[Uors to the votei's, 
and secondly because he had frei[uently threatened to 
set the savages on the inhabitants. The first charge, 
considering the customs of the period, may be taken 
fur granted without any evidence, but the latter is so 
[ireposterous, in regard to a man as pojjiilar as Carter 
evidently was, that it may safely be peremptorily 
rejected. N'eiy likely, however, the loud-voiced cap- 
tain, who, in modern phrase, "talked a good deal 
with his mouth," may have used some jesting ex- 
pression in his convivial moments, which could be 
distorted into sucii a threat. The i)rayer of the ]ii(>- 
test was not granted by the major-general, and in the 
liilbtwing August Captain Carter was elected major of 
the regiment; thus receiving the title by which he was 
known the remainder of his life. 

I n this year the sloop "(Juyahoga Packet," of twenty 
tons, was built at the mouth of Cliagrin river; being 
the first sail vessel erected in this part of tlie country, 
though Ijuilt just outside the present liniil-s of the 
county. The other vessels of American build at this 
time running on the lake were the " Wasiiinglon," of 
sixty tons, the " Uarleijuin," the "Good Intent," 
the " Adams," tlie " Tracy," the " Wilkinson " and 
the "Contractor." There were also some ves.sels of 
Canadian build. 

The most important event of the year ISd."* w;is the 
making of a treaty, extinguishing the Indian right of 
occupancy to that part of the Reserve west of the 
Cuyaiioga river. The lii'st council was agreed to be 
held at CIcYeland, and was to be attended not only by 

the western Indians but by a deputation from the 
Six Nalion.t, who still kept up a kind of shadowy 
claim to the lands, even west of the Cuyahoga, over 
which they had once inarched as con(pierors. 

Accordingly in June thirty Iroquois chiefs, accom- 
panied by their interpreter, Jas[ier Parrish, came to 
Cleveland to attend the council. The commissioner 
for the United States, under whose auspices the 
whole business was conducted, was Colonel Charles 
Jewett, a large, powerful man, to whom the Indians 
lo(jkcd up with the resjiect they seldom refuse to 
great physical strength. The representatives of the 
Connecticut Land Company were General Henry 
Cliaiii[)ion, the first president of the company, Oliver 
Phelps, and Gideon Granger, jwstmastor-general; 
while the ])ro])rietors of the Fire Lands were repren- 
sented by Koger A. Sherman, a distinguished Connec- 
ticut lawyer, J. Mills and William Dean. 

For some unknown reason, but probably to enhance 
the price of their lands by appearing to hold back, 
the western Indians neglected to come to Cleveland 
according to their previous agreement. After wait- 
ing a few (hiys, the commissioners sought out the 
chiefs of the Chijipviras and Ottawas, who, with a 
show of reluctance, finally agreed to meet in council 
with the whites, at what was called Ogontz' Place, 
now Sandusky City. The usual ceremonies and 
speech-making were there gone through with, result- 
ing at length, on the •1th of July, 1805, in the cession 
by all the Indians of their right to that part of the 
lieservc west of the Cuyahoga, including the Fire 
Lands. It was said, at the time, that after the signing 
of the treaty many of the warriors wept at the 
thought that they must now yield up their ancient 
hunting-grounds. A barrel of wliisky was however 
dealt out to them, which doubtless soon caused their 
tears to disajipcar. 

By the treaty, the projirietors of the Fire Lands 
and the Connecticut Land Comj)any jointly agreed 
to pay the Indians seven thousand dollars in cash, 
and twelve thousand dollars more in six equal annual 
payments. The United States goveiiimentalso .igreed 
to pay the interest on thirteen thousand seven hund- 
red dollars forever, to the WyaHilata, the Muiisevs, 
and to those Seiwcas actually occupying tiie laud. 
The C/iippewa.s and Ollawas appear to have had no 
share in the latter payment. 

William Dean, one of the commissioners, reported 
the expense of the treaty, aside from the payments, to 
be ai)out. W^m thousand dollars. This included rum, 
tobacco, bread, meat, i)re.sents, "expenses of se- 
nii/liii," and commissions of agents and contractors. 
Meanwhile the seven tliousand dollars in silver, pro- 
vided l)y the proprietors to make the first i>ayment on 
the land, came through from Pittsburg in a wagon, 
iiy way of Warren to Cleveland, under the escort of 
seven resolute men, among whom was Major Carter. 
At C!leveland it was sliipped on boats, and taken to 
Sandusky. It arrived tiiere the day the treaty 
was signed, and the next day, together with an ample 



supply of inferior presents, was distributed among 
the Indians. 

During this year the first post-office in the county 
was e.stablished at Cleveland, and on the 33nd of 
October Elisha Norton was appointed postmaster. 

Tiie same year the collection-district of Erie was 
established; embracing the whole southern shore of 
Lake Erie, with headquarters at Erie, Pennsylvania. 
Previous to this time there has been no collection of 
revenues along the lake; tlie amount of trade being 
too small to justify the expense. The mouth of the 
Cuyahoga was made a port of entry at the same time, 
to be under the charge of an assistant collector. 
John Walworth, of Painesville, was aj)])ointed to that, 
office, and soon after removed to Cleveland. 

Another event of the year, showing the gradual 
spread of the population into the wilderness, was the 
first settlement in survey towiisiiip number eight, in 
range ten, now the civil township of Mayfield. 

On the'^Oth of May, 1805, another military eleer.ion 
was held for the same company before mentioned, 
which, however, was now designated as the seventh 
eomjiany of the second battalion; the regiment, brig- 
ade and division remaining as before. Nathaniel 
Doan was elected cai)taiii in place of Carter, promoted 
to major of the battallion. Samuel Jones was chosen 
"leuftenant" (as the record says) and Sylvanus linvk 
(of Euclid) ensign. The judges were Major Carter, 
W. W. Williams and William Krwin. 'I'iie wIk.Ic 
number of votoa iiresent was thirty, tweiily-nine of 
whom voted for Doan and Jones; each of the wortjiv 
candidates declining t<j vote for himself. Sylvanus 
Burk, however, received but twenty-four votes; tiie 
other si.K going to Ezekiel Ilawley, or Holley, as the 
name was sometimes spelled. 

As the list of voters at this election eom[)rised 
nearly all the males between eigiiteen and forty-live 
then in the county, we transcribe it from Col. Whit- 
tlesey's work, althoiigii the orthograi)hy of some of 
the names is a little doubtful. It is as follows: Jack 
F. Mason, David Kellogg, Ebenezer (Charter, Jacob 
Coleman, Henjamin Warder, Daniel Parker, Christo- 
fer Gun, William Coleman, John Doan, Thomas 
Thomas, Henry Norton, Harry (inn, Jonathan Ilub- 
l)ard, Mason Clerk, Nathan Chapman, Nehemiah 
Dille, Timothy Doan, Seth Doan, Steven Gilbert, 
Samuel Hurst, Richard Bliu, Epetary Rogers, Samuel 
Jones, Nathaniel Doan, VViiliatu Erwin, Benjamin 
Wood, Sylvanus Burk, Samuel Dille, Meagc Deta, 
'Charles Prard. 

On the Slst of December, of this year, the county of 
Geauga was formed from Trumbull by act of the leg- 
islature. It emljraced all that ]iart of the present 
Cuyahoga county east of the river, and all west as far 
as the west line of range fourteen; that is, the west 
line of Roekport, Middleburg and Strougsville. The 
present townships of Dover and Olmstead still re- 
mained nominally attached to Trumbull county. The 
act did not go into op:'ration until March, 1800. 
The seat of justice of the new county was fixed at 

Chardon, where it is still located. This was more 
convenient than Warren, but was still very unsatisfac- 
tory to the people near the mouth of the Cuyahoga, 
who were jiatiently expecting a great city to grow up 
at that point, and thought it inconsistent with the 
general fitness of things that they should journey 
nearly thirty miles, to an interior village, to settle their 
quarrels or record their deeds. So they made strerai- 
ous efforts to promote the organization of a county 
extending on both sides of the Cuyahoga, the natural 
focus of which should be near the" mouth of that 

Soon after the cessnui by the Indians of that ]iart 
of the Reserve west of the Cuyahoga, Messrs. Abram 
Tappen and Aaron Sessions obtained a contract for 
surveying it into townships. They and their twelve 
employees met at Cleveland on the 15tli day of May, 
ISOC, to commence their work. The United States 
government had directed Seth Pease, then assistant 
postmaster-general, to survey the south line of the 
Reserve. Tappen and Sessions waited several days 
for him to come to Cleveland, but as he did not do so 
they proceeded without him; running their meridians 
so far south, that Pease's line would be sure to cross 
them. Pease did not begin his work until the 24th 
of June, when the meridians were nearly finished. 

The same system was pursued on the west side as 
On the east; the townsiiips being laid off five miles 
scpiare, the best being taken as a standard, and some 
of the others l)eing divided and added to the remain- 
der to bring them uj) to that standard. An equalizing 
committee, on behalf of the proprietors, went with 
the surveyors. 

It was while this survey was going on that the cele- 
brated total eclii)se of June 16, 1806, occurred; tiie 
day becoming in the forest as dark as night itself, and 
giving the Indians cause to think they had offended 
the Great Si)irit by selling the homes of their fathers 
to the intruding white men. 

Amos Spafford, of Cleveland, and Almon Ruggles, 
of Huron, were authorized by the Connecticut Land 
Company and the proprietors of the Fire Lands to 
run the line between their res])ective tracts. This 
being done, there remained, as near as could be 
ascertained, eight hundred and twenty-nine thousaiul 
acres west of the Cuyahoga for the Connecticut Land 

Early in the sjjring of this year, ISOO, an event 
occurred which, though affecting but a few persons, 
is so tyj)ical of the hardships of the pioneer days, 
wheti who met with misfortune often failed of 
rescue on account of the sparseness of the popuhition, 
that we have thought best to repeat it in the general 
history of the county. A man mimed Hunter, his 
wife and child, a colored man named Ben, and a 
small colored boy, who were moving to Cleveland 
from the settlements in Michigan in a small boat, 
were surprised on the lake by a heavy gale. They 
were driven ashore a short distance east of Rocky 
river. Unable to asceiul the high, pcri>eudicular 

(/m5^^^ (T^ 




bliifT, lliey M climbed up tlio rocks as far as they 
coitlil, and there tliey waited with tlie cokl waters of 
tlie lake beating coiitiiiiioiisly over tliem, hoping and 
praying that some chance traveler on tlie Idnff above 
them might hear their cries, or some jiassing vessel 
might alford them relief. I'.iil no lra\cler came 
through the darksome lorest. and, as tlie storm 
iiii-reasiMl, all vessels remained wilhin the i>ro(ectioM 
(it the harbors. 

They were wrecked on Frid;iy. On Saturday the 
sionn grew more violent, and llielwo ciiildren ])er- 
islied from I lie chilling effect of the waters which 
washcil over I hem. On Siimhiy Mrs. Ilnnter snc- 
ciimlied I o the same angry element and t'\|iired. On 
Monday her hnshand, exhausted by cold and hunger, 
also died, leaving the coloreil man. Ken, clinging 
alone to the wreck and l)reasting the storm, which, 
however, was now abating. Slill another niglil he 
remained in his terrible position. (_»n 'I'ursday soiiu' 
Freiicii traders, who had started in a boat from Cleve- 
land for Detroit, saw poor J?en on his dismal pendi. 
took him on board, tni-ned about and ciii-ried him 
back to Clevelaml. 'I'licy left him at the tavern of 
Major Carter, who treated him with the generosity he 
usually bestowed on outcasts of every desci'iption. 
Hen's toes were frozen so that they came off, and the 
terrible sntTerings he had undergone brought on tlu' 
rheumatism, which twisted his limbs out of shape, so 
that he was hardly able to crawl around throughout 
the whole of the succeeding season. In the sjiecial 
history of tileveland will be found an account of the 
after adventures of ilajor Carter, [loor Ben and his 
Kentucky master. 

Another sad adventure of the year 18(MJ was the loss 
of the schooner " Washington," though only slight- 
ly connected with this county. It received om^ of the 
first elearanct'S from the new port at the mouth of 
the Cuyahoga, sailed out ujion the lake and was 
never hearil of more. 

c II A r T E i; .\ . 

THE PERIOD FHOM 1807 TO 1812. 

Formation of Cuyalio^'a Cniinl.v— U.-i linuii.laiies— Still altivilu-il to 
(ieauga-Murilei- of Mohawk ami Niiksaw— Kxcitomt'nt in this Conn 
ty— Ueniaiui of Stij^wanisli for .Justice— "Snow cannot lie"— Dc- 
scrip' ion of Stigwanisli — Scheme to open Rivers and make Portage 
Roail— A I^rttery authorized for that Pnr|— fine I'romises— No 
Performance— Draft of Land west of Ciiyalioga -Jnd);e Huntiiiglnn 
elected («.>vernor— Another Disast4»r— Wrecked under a HlnfT AS'Ui's 
Bravery— .\ DilTieult Resciie— Numenius Oeattis by Drowning— C'Irve 
lanil made the Seat of Justice of Cuyahoga— A Primitive Bill for Serv- 
ices— A United States Senator fioni Cuyahoga County— An Early Mail 
Route —Carrying the Mail under I >itliculties— Organization of the Coun- 
ty— Kirst (Jfllcers— Huron County attached to Cuyahoga -Tin' ^'i^st 
t-*ourt- Census of ISIO— Kirst Physician — Kii-st Practicing Attorney- 
Fears of luilian llostilities-K.\tension of the WesU-rn Bounds of 
Cuyahoga— Increased Excitement regarding War A Murder by In- 
dians — Trial of Omic — ilis Bravado after Conviction- Mrs. Long's 
Kriglit-Tlie K.vecution— Major .(oness Perplexity— Omic's Terror— A 
Bargain to be hung for Whisky — More Trouble- More Whisky —Hung 
al last — Removal of the Body— Declaration of War. 

Wk begin this chapter with an actual Cuyahoga 
county, ill place of " the territory of Cuyahoga coun- 

ty," which has hitherto been the scene of our story. 
On the Kith day of Feliruary, 1807, the legislature 
passed an act creating three new counties — Ashtal)nla, 
Portage and Cuyahoga. The latter included all that 
part of Geauga county west of the east line of range 
(on — that is, the east line of Solon, Orange, MayfiiHd 
and Willoughl)y, then called Chagrin. Hoth east, and 
west of the river the southern boundary of the county 
was the same as now, but the western boundary ran 
along the western siileof range fourteen (Strongsville, 
Middleburg and liockport). In short the boundaries 
of the county were the same on its first formation as 
now, e.\cei)t.that it included Willonghby, now in Lake 
counry, and cirlm/cil Dover and <Mmslc;id. It was 
left attached to Oeaiiga county tor judicial purposes 
until ii. should be organi/.ed by the due ap|)oiiitment 
of officers, which was not until three years later. 

About the time of the formation of the county the 
[leople became greatly excited over events which al- 
most portended an Indian war. In the latter part of 
January an Indian called John .MoliawL killed a white 
man nanieil Daniel Divei'iiear Hudson — now Summit 
county. Two oT I )ivei"s friends named Darrow and 
Williams determined to avenge the murder. Finding 
a Svni'ca Indian named Nicksaw in the woods, and 
either believing him to be the murderer, or not earing 
whether he was or not, t'lu^y came n]ion him without 
a word of warning and shot him dead in his tracks. 
Major Carter and Mr. Campbell, the trader, went with 
the chief Stigwanisli and buried the slain Indian; 
all agreeing that the snow showed no appe:n-aiice of 
combat or resistance. 

It was soon ascertained beyond doulit that il was 
not Nicksaw but John Mohawk who had killed l>i\er. 
Then the whites were anxious that Mohawk should 
be deinamled from the Indians and punished for his 
crime. At the same time it was suggested l)y some 
of the leading men that Darrow and Williams should 
be arrested and punished for their crime. But tln^r 
neighbors bitterly oppo.sed this, and threatened death 
to any olficcr who should attempt to arrest them. 
The excitement spread ii;to this county, where some 
of the whites were opposed to the arrest of |t;iirow 
ami Williams, while others looke(l askance at the In- 
dians still ene;im|i(Ml aci'oss t he rivei- from Clevehind, 
and were aii\ious above all else for a, course which 
would keep the peace with those few but daii;:eroiis 

On the tenth of February Judge Huntington wrote 
to (ieneral Wadsworth that he had seen Stigwanisli, 
(or Seneca as he was commonly (-ailed) the same chief 
before mentione(l as the brother of " Big Son." and 
who was usually regarded as the head of all the ,SV'/(''- 
(7/.V in this section. Seuecasaid he wanted justice for 
both sides. He was not content to sec all the power 
of the whites used t3 inflict punishment of John Mo- 
hawk, while they were rt.s'/w/M'egarding the murder of 
an innocent Indian. He offered to deliver up Mohawk 
when the slayers of Nicksaw were secured. Referring 
to the fact, to which Carter and Campbell certified. 



that there was no evitlence of resistiiuccon the part of 
Nicksaw, Seueca said : 

•' White man may lie — ludiaii may lie — snow ean- 
not lie." 

He declared he did not want war, but did want jus- 
tice. The result of the whole excitemenL was that 
neither party obtained justice; Mohawk was not given 
up by the Indians and the murderers of Nicksaw were 
uot punished by the whites. 

The chief Stigwanish, or Seneca, was much re- 
spected by the whites. General Paine lauded him in 
extravagant terms as having the honesty of.Aristides, 
the dignity of a Rouuui senator and the benevolence 
of William Fenn. Unlike tiie average '• noble red 
man," he never asked for a gift, and when one was 
voluntarily made to him ho would always return it by 
another of equal value. The general also stated that 
he abjured all spirituous liquors, but was obliged to 
add that this abstinence was caused by his having, in a 
drunken fury, split ojien the head of his infant child 
with a tomahawk, while aiming a deadly blow at his 
squaw, on whose back the child was strajjjied. It is 
difficult, after learning this, to look with very intense 
admiration upon the general's hero. Stigwanish was 
killed in Holmes county in ISIG, by a white man who 
said that the chief had fired upon him; so we are left 
in doubt whether the Ijenevolentand senatorial Seneca 
had not relapsed iato his former habits. 

About this time a scheTue was set on foot to clear 
the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas rivers of logs and other 
obstructions, so as to make them passable for large 
boats, and at the same time to construct a good wagon 
road over the j)ortage between the two streams ; thus 
forininga continuous communication for heavy freight 
between Lake Erie and the Ohio river. As was cus- 
tomary in those days, the legislature was called ou to 
authorize a lottery in order to raise tiie needed cash. 
It was rare indeed that any important public work 
was attempted in the forepart of the present century 
without a lottery being organized to provide tiie whole 
or a part of the funds. 

In this case the managers were authorized to issue 
twelve thousand tickets, at five dollars each; making a 
total of sixty-four thousand dollars. This was done, 
and in return they olfered one jjrize of five thousand 
dollars; two of two thousand five hundred each; five 
of one thousand each; ten of five hundred each; fifty 
of a hundred each; a hundred of fifty each, and three 
thousand four hundred of ten dollars each. This 
made the total amount of the prizes sixty-four thou- 
sand dollars; just the value of all the tickets. A 
deduction of twelve and a half per cent., however, was 
to be made from the various prizes, which, supposing 
that all the tickets were sold, would furnish eight 
tiiousand dollars with which to pay the expenses of 
the lottery, clear out the rivers and build the portage 
road. This docs not appear like a very liberal allow- 
ance, considering the amount likely to be swallowed 
up by the expenses of the lottery and the probability 
that many tickets would be left unsold; so that, aside 

from the moral qualities of the scheme, it does not 
impress one very favorably regarding the business 
shrewdness of our primeval financiers. 

Twelve commissioners were appointed by the legis- 
ature to conduct the enterprise, of whom six were 
from this county. These were Hon. Samuel Hunt- 
ington, judge of the supreme court (who, however, 
removed to Painosville the same year). Major Amos 
S|ialford, Hon. John Walworth, Major Lorenzo Car- 
ter, James Kingbury, Es(|., and Timothy Doan, Es(i. 
Hon. John Walworth, of Cleveland, was appointed 
general agent. Agents for the sale of tickets were 
also appointed in Zanesville, Steubenville, Albany, 
New York, Hartford aud Boston, who were autiiorized 
to pay prizes in those places — when they should be 

But, despite the list of civil and military notables 
concerned in the scheme, that time never came. It 
was found inij)ossible to sell more than a fourth of 
the tickets. The drawing was postponed from time 
to time in the hope of an increase oi funds, and even 
as late as 1811 was still expected to take place. Fi- 
nally, however, it was entirely given up and the 
money already paid in was returned, without interest, 
to the purchasers of tickets. Thus ended the first 
scheme of internal improvement connected with Cuy- 
ahoga county. 

On the second day of April in this year took jilaee 
the "draft" of the Land Conijiauy's laud west of the 
Cuyahoga; that is, the townships were distributed by 
lot among groups of owners, who thereupon received 
deeds from the trustees. The subdivision of the 
townships into lots by tlie owners was still to be made 
before tiie work of settlement could well commence. 

Although, as before stated. Judge Huntington re- 
moved to Painesville (now Lake county) this year, yet 
he was so thoroughly identified with the early history 
of Cuyahoga county as to make it eminently [iroper 
to noti<x3 the fact that in the autumn of 1807 he was 
elected governor of Ohio, in i)lace of Hon. Edward 
Tiffin, appointed United States senator. Mr. Tiffin 
was the first executive of the State, having been 
elected for a second term, and so it happened that the 
second governor of Ohio was a gentleman whose home 
for six years had been among the forests, the wolves 
and the log-cabins of Cuyahoga county. 

It must be added that Judge II. probably left 
Cleveland because he despaired of its future. Ague, 
ague, ague, was the cry of all who came to the mouth 
of the Cuyaluiga, and ten years after its settlement 
Cleveland had not probably over thirty inhabitants. 
This condition of the only port where there was a 
good harbor discouraged immigrants at the very 
threshold of- the county, and naturally retarded set- 
tlement in the back townships, though we cannot 
learn that these were any worse in regard to sickness 
than the rest of northern Ohio. 

Governor Huntington served one term as chief 
magistrate of the State. He afterwards resided on 
his farm near Painesville until his death. 



Early in tlie spring of 1808 occurred anotlicr of the 
sad events so frci|iuuit in the early annals of the 
county. Stephen (Jilhor), one of the two first con- 
stables of the county Joseph IMunib, Adolphus Spaf- 

ford, (son of Major Amos) and (lillinore, started 

on a bateau from (!leveland on a fishing ex|>edition to 
tlie Maumee river. A colored \V(Uiiaii called Mary was 
also (in l)oai'd the boat as a passenger, intending to 
stop at Uiack river, where Major Nathan Perry was 
keojiing a trading-house, and where some goods lie- 
longing to him were to he put on shore. 

A Mr. White, of Newburg. and two sons of Joseph 
Plumb, who had expected to go on the boat but were 
too late, took the Indian trail to Black river, expecting 
to get on board there. In the western part of the 
present town of Dover, hearing cries of distress, they 
looked down to the foot of the bluff, and saw sixty 
feel beneath them the boat in which their friends had 
set sail, bottom side up, while near it was the elder 
Mr. Plumb, the sole survivor of tiie crew. He told 
them that the boat had capsized a mile from shore. 
The woman was drowned at OTice. All the others ex- 
cept Plumb were good swimmers and had struck out 
for shore, but tlie water was so cold that one after 
another their strength failed them and they sank to 
rise no more. Plumb, being unable to swim, got 
astride the boat and was thus driven ashore. He was 
seriously hurt, however, and was scarcely able to move, 
on account of his immersion in the extremely cold 
water of the lake. 

His friends hardly knew what to do, :is he could 
not climb up the almost perpendicular blutr and they 
coidd not get down to him. It was (piickly decided, 
however, that Mr. White and one of the young men 
should hasten on to Black river, some twelve miles 
distant, to obtain aid and ropes, while the other son 
remained to comfort his father. The latter was .so 
overcome with cold, and so discouraged liy the circum- 
stances in which he found himself, that the young man 
determined to reach him at all hazards. Climbing part- 
ly down the blutf he found an inuiwood sapling which 
grew out partly over the beach. Young Plumb 
crawled upon this to the outermost hushes, and the 
tough ironwo)d bent far down beneath his weight. 
Suspending himself by his hands to the lowest-i-each- 
jng l)ranches, the brave young man finally let go, 
dropping over twenty feet to the sandy bea(;li below, 
and fortunately escaping unhurt. He made his father 
as comfortable as jiossible, and together they aw;i,ited 
the coming of aid. 

Darkness came on and still no. relief ajipeared. At 
length, when the night was well advaiu'cd, shouts 
were heard and lights were seen on tlie blulf above. 
White and young Plund) had returned, accom|)anied 
by Major I'erry and t^iiintus F. Atkins, wh.i probaVily 
('omi)rised the whole male population at Black river 
at that time. They brought ropes and lanterns, but 
their t;usk was still one of considerable difficulty. 
The elder .Mr. Plumb weighed some two hundred 
and twenty pounds, and it was no easy task to raise 

him by sheer strength up that sixty-feet blulT. How- 
ever, one end of the rope was made fast to a tree, the 
other was let down to the men below, and fastened 
by young Plumb under his father's arms. The four 
men above then began to '"haul in," and ])y exerting 
their united strength finally landed the old gentleman 
at the top of the blulT ; ho and they being alike 
almost exhausted by the operation. The young man 
was then drawn up with comparative ease. 

Such wore the dangers from the turbulent lake and 
the rork bound coast that out of the eighteen deaths 
of residents of Olcveland, occurring during the twelve 
first years of the settlement, no less than eleven were 
by drowning. It will be seen that, notwithstanding 
the evil reputation of the locality as to health, there 
was not a very large pi-o|)ortion of deaths by disease. 
In fact the ague seldom killed; it only made people 
wish (hey were dead. 

In the spring of ISO'.l a commission was apjiointed 
by the State to select a location for the seat of justice 
of Onj'ahoga county. The only place besides Cleve- 
land which had serious claims to this honor wa.s 
Ncwljurg, which had as large a population as the 
former village, or larger, and was a much more healthy 
and thriving locality. However, the j'osition at the 
mouth of the Cuyahoga, with its possibilities of future 
greatness, carried the day in s|)ite of the ague, and 
Cleveland was duly selected. The time emjiloyed by 
the commissioners and the salary paid them are both 
shown by the following extract from the bill presented 
by one of the honorable commissioners, from Colum- 
biaiui county, which also gives a hint of the ortliog- 
rapliy often practiced among the otlicials of the day: 

'•'A Leven Days, Two Dollars \\cv day. Twenty-two 

In an accompanying letter to Abraham Tap[)en t he 
commissioner reijuested that he present the bill to the 
" Nixt Cort," by which he wouhl miu-li oblige '' vour 
hundjie Sarvent." 

In the sjjringof ISO'.l another citizen of Cuyahoga 
county was elevated to <listinguished honors. Hon. 
Stanley (iriswold. who had been secretary of the Ter- 
ritory of .Michigan under (iovernor Hall, had resigned 
that position and located himself at " Doan's Coi'ners,"' 
four miles east of Ch^velaiid village. He was a man 
of marked ability and when, in the forepart of ISO!). 
Mr. Tittin resigned his seat as United States s(!nator, 
(iovernor Huntington appointed Mr. (Jriswold to fill 
his place. 

In :i, letter written about this tim(> the new senator 
expressed the opinion that this would l)e a good loca- 
tion for a ])hysician; there being none in the county, 
and none of any eminence within fifty miles. Still, 
he .said, a doctor would have to keep school a ])art of 
the time in order to make a living, until there was a 
larger population. Senator (iriswold only .serve<l dur- 
ing the remainder of one session, l)ut it is somewhat 
remai-kable that Cuyahoga county should have fur- 
nished a State governor and a United Stales .senator 
before it possessed a doctor. 



The cont.riicfc for carrying tlie mail through a wide 
region was at this time lield by Joseph Burke, of 
Euclid, whose two sons were the mail carriers ; one of 
them having been the late Gains Burke of Nevvburg. 
The route was from Cleveland to Hudson, Ravenna, 
Deerfield, Warren, Mesopotamia, Windsor, Jefferson, 
Austinburg. Harpersfield, Painesville, and thence back 
to Cleveland. This was the only route any part of 
which was in Cuyahoga county, except the main line 
to the west along the lake shore, and Cleveland still 
possessed the only post-office in the county. 

Mr. Gains Burke, in a letter on tile among the ar- 
cliives of the Historical Society, says that the road 
was underbrushed most of the way, but there were no 
bridges, and streams and swamps were numerous. In 
the summer the two youngsters by turns carried the 
mail on horseback, but when wet weather came in 
the spring and fall they had to trudge on foot; the 
roads being too bad to be traveled on horseback, much 
less with a wagon. On reaching streams the carrier 
sometimes crossed in a canoe or on a raft, kept there 
for the accommodation of travelers. Sometimes he 
got astride a convenient piece of flood-wood and pad- 
dled obliquely to the opposite shore. And sometimes, 
in default of any of these resources, he waded the 
stream, or, if it was too deep for that, plunged boldly 
in and swam across, kee^jing his little bag of letters 
above his head as best lie might. The population 
was still extremely sparse; there being spaces five, ten 
or even fifteen miles in width without a single house. 

At Icngtii, in May, 1810, Cuyalioga county was 
duly organized by the a])i)ointnieut of the proper of- 
ficers, and began its independent existence. The first 
olficers were Hon. Benjamin Ruggles, presiding judge 
of the court of common pleas; Nathan Perry, Sr. , A. 
(lilbert and Timothy Doan, associate judges; .John 
Walworth, clerk; ami Smith S. Baldwin, sheiTlf. At 
this time Ilui'on Cf)unty, which was still unorganized, 
was attached to Cuyahoga county for judicial and 
legislative purposes, as was also a tract between the 
two counties, which apjiears to have been left outside 
of any eoniity boundaries. The first court was held 
at the newly erected store of Elias and llarvey Mur- 
ray, in Cleveland. One indictment was j)resented for 
petit larceny, several for selling whisky to Iiulians, 
and others for selling foreign goods without license. 

By the United States census of this year the popu- 
lation of the county was found to be one thousand 
four hundred and ninety-live, a considerable i)orti()n 
of whom, however, resided in ''Chagrin" or Wil- 
longhby, which has since been transferred to L:ike 
county. Tiie remainder of the settlers were in what 
is now Cleveland, East Cleveland, Euclid, Mayfield, 
Newburg, Indepeiidenco and Bi'ooklyn, with a very 
few in Middlcburg. 

It was not until 1810 that a jiliysician i)ecanie a 
permanent resident of Cuyalioga county; this was Dr. 
David Long, a native of Washington county. New 
York, who then settled at Cleveland, where he prac- 
ticed his profession throughout a long and useful life. 

Alfred Kelley, Esq., who was admitted to the bar 
and nuide prosecuting attorney of the district on the 
7th of November, 1810, at the age of twenty-one, was 
the first practicing lawyer in the county, Mr. Hunt- 
ington's time having been entirely occupied liy other 

During this year the peojile became much excited 
by the rumors of Indian war from the West, where 
Teeumseh and his brother, "the Prophet," were en- 
deavoring to unite all the widely scattered tribes 
from the Gulf of Mexico to the great lakes in a 
leagueagainst the ever-encroaching Americans. War, 
too, was anticipated between the United States and 
Great Britain, and a decided feeling of uneasiness 
spread over the whole frontier. Although there were 
scattered settlements from Cuyahoga county west- 
ward along the lake shore to the Maumee, yet back 
from the lake nearly the whole country was still an 
unbroken forest or an uninhabited 2)rairie from the 
Cuyahoga river to the Pacific ocean, and there was 
nothing improbable in Teeumseh and his savage fol- 
lowers making a raid among the scattered inhabitants 
of Cuyahoga county. 

In 1811 the fears of the people were again aroused 
by an earthquake, which gave a pcrce|)tible .shock, and 
which was thought by many to portend some dire 
disaster. But ere long came the news of the battle of 
Tippecanoe, in which the warriors of the great league 
were totally defeateil by the American troops under 
General Harrison. Then, for a time, the peo^jle rested 
free from the fears of Indian invasion. 

By an act passed on the 35th day of January of this 
year, (1811,) the western boundary of the county, 
Avhich as defined l>y the act creating it was the same 
as the western boundary of the present townships 
of Strongsville, Middlcburg and Rockport, was car- 
ried from ten to fifteen miles farther west. Begin- 
ning at the southwest corner of the present township 
of Eaton, Lorain county, (township five, range six- 
teen,) the new line ran thence north to the north- 
west corner of that township; thence west to the 
middle of Black river, and thence down the center of 
that stream to the lake. The tract thus united to 
Cuyahoga county consisted of the present townships 
of Dover and 01 instead, which have ever since re- 
mained in it, and the townships of Avon, Ridgeville, 
Columbia and Eaton, and parts of Sheffield and 
P]lyria, now in Lorain county. 

Despite of Indian troubles, emigr;itioii was still flow- 
ing south and west, and in this year townshiji live, 
range twelve, now known as Brecksville, was sulidi- 
vided into lots ready for settlement. 

During the forepart of 181'3 the excitement on the 
frontier became intense; for it was known that tlie 
question of declaring war was being continuously de- 
bated in Congress, and no one knew at what moment 
its fury might be unchained. This locality was one 
of j)eciiliar danger; for not only were the Indians 
threatening massacre a short distance to the westward 
but the whole broadside of the county lay open to 




THE PEIilOl) FllOM 1807 TO 1813. 


Tjako Erie, iuid on Lake Eric the Britisli had several 
armed vessels while the Americans had none. 

Tiie prevailing uneasiness was increased by the nuir- 
dcr of two wliite men by tlirce Indians in Huron 
county, ah.hougli the crime was committed solely to 
obtain the furs of the victims, and had no connection 
with any general hostile movement. The people of 
the vicinity, discovering the bones of the victims be- 
neath the ashes of their cabin, which the Indians had 
fired, turned out in jnirsnit and cajitured all three of 
the murderers, with the property of the murdered men 
ill their possession. One of them, a mere boy, was 
allowi'il til escape. Another, named Semo, after he 
was arrested ])laeed the muz/le of his gun uiuler his 
chin, pulled the trigger with his toe and instantly 
killed himself. The third was a young Indian who 
bad lived in the vicinity of Cleveland, and was com- 
monly called Omic, and sometimes as John Omic, to 
distinguish him from his father who was known as Old 
Omic. He was only about twenty-one years old, very 
hardy and athletic, and already well known for his 
vicious disposition; having several times committed 
offenses, some of which are related in the history of 
Cleveland city, in this work. 

Huron county being attached to Cuyahoga for judi- 
cial jiurposcs, Omic was brought hither for trial, and 
the subsecpicnt proceedings in his case are perhaps 
more clearly remembered by the few survivors of that 
period, and are more fully detailed in history, than any 
other events occurring hei-e during the first ([uarter of 
this century. There being neither court-house nor jail, 
the criminal was confined in Major Clarke's ball-room, 
in charge of the worthy major himself, who was duly 
de]>utized for the purpose. He had more iniluence 
with the Indians than any one else in the county, and 
it was dt)ul)tless thought there would be less danger 
of an onlbi-eak on their part if the culprit were under 
bis charge than otherwise. Strong irons were itlaced 
on Oniic's ankles and fastened by a chain to a joist. 

Mrs. Jliles, l)efore mentioned, tells of going to see 
him there, and talking with him. She had been well 
a<i|Uainted with him before he committed his crime, 
as indeed had ahnost every one in the vicinity. On 
the trial Alfred Ivelley, the ]3rosecuting attorney and 
the only lawyer in this county, appeared for the peo- 
ple, and I'eter Hitchcock was assigned as counsel for 
the |)risoner. The evidence of his guilt was clear, 
the jury l)rought in a verdict of guilty, and the court 
sentenceil Omic to lie hung on the 211th day of .luue, 

After his conviction the culprit talked with great 
iineoiKteru of the coming execution, lie declared 
that he would show the pale faces how an Indian 
could die. They need not tie his hands, lie would 
jump off the gallows when his time came without 
hesitation. Down to the hist there was more or less 
fear of rescue by the Indians, many of whom were 
always around (Mevoland. Old Omic, shortly before 
the execution, came into the house of Dr. hong on 
Water street, Cleveland, no one being Iheie except 

Mrs. Long and her infant child (now Mrs. Severance) 
who was sleeping in the cradle. The Indian picked 
up a gun which was standing in the room. Mrs. 
Long instantly imagined that he was about to kill 
her or the child, in revenge for the expected execution 
of his son. Snatching the babe from the cradle, she 
rail at full speed up Water street, screaming with all 
her might, while Omic, having laid down the gun, 
followed more slowly, trying to explain himself in 
broken English to the ])ani(!-strickeii wonnin. Mr. 
Samuel Williamson, who lived on Water street, took 
the child from Mrs. Long and went with her to 
Afajor Carter's, who was the great authority on all In- 
dian (|uestions. Omic came up and explained to the 
major, in [ndian, that he only picked up the gun to 
show Mrs. Long how Semo, the accomplice of John 
Omic, had killed himself after he was arrested. This 
was translated by Carter to Mrs. Long and the white 
men who had gathered around, and then, as Mrs. 
Long .said, they "all had a hearty laugh," though it 
is doubtful whether the young mother fully enjoyed 
the humor of the mistake. 

At length the day of execution arrived. People 
came from. far and near to witness the scene. Fear- 
ing a rescue, many brought their arms with them, 
besides which, a battalion of militia was ordered 
out under Major Samuel Jones. The major was 
a fine-looking man, in full uniform, with large 
gold epaulets and well-plumed cocked hat, but the 
management of a few companies of militia severely 
tasked his military skill. He drew them uj) in 
front of Carter's hotel, and Omic was brought forth 
and seated on his coffin, in a wagon painted black for 
the occasion. x\fter religious services, conducted by 
the Rev. Mr. Darrow, of Trumbull county, Major 
Jones undertook to surround the wagon and the 
officials which acGompanied it with his battalion, but 
was unable to accoin|)lish his object. After waiting 
a reasonable time, while the major galloped back and 
forth, shouting forth all sorts of orders but the right 
ones, Sheriff Baldwin moved forward with the pro- 
cession. Some one then suggested to (he major that 
he march his men by the right flank to the gallows, 
and double his line around it, which he accordingly 

Omic kept up his bravado almost to the last, and 
rode to the gallows, as Mrs. Miles says, keeping time 
to the music by drumming on his coffin. When they 
arrived at the place of execution, which was near (he 
northwest corner of the j)ublic S(|uarc, Sheritf Bald- 
win, Major Carter and Omic mounted the gallows. 
The cul|U'it's arms were loosely fastened together at 
the elbows, and a rope with a loop in it was put around 
his neck. From the top-piece above swung another 
rope, with an iron hook at the end, to which the first 
rope was fastened. Major Carter descended from the 
gallows and the sheriff drew the black caj) down over 
Omic's face. Then, at length, all the culprit's bravado 
deserted him. He Wius, said Hon. Elisha Whittlesey 
in a statement published by his nephew, Col. Whit- 



tlesey, the most frightened man, " rational or irra- 
tional," that he ever saw. He bent down his head, 
seized the rope with his loosely-pinioned right hand, 
stepped to the nearest post and threw his other arm 
around it. The sheriff approa(3licd, wlien Omic 
seized him and seemed likely to throw him from the 
gallows to the ground. 

Major Carter again went upon tlio gallows, and 
asked Omic in his native tongue to remember what 
he had said about showing tlie palefaces how an In- 
dian could die, l)ut witliout effect. At length, how- 
ever, the culprit said that if he could liave a big 
drink of whisky he would make no more trouble. 
Carter urged compliance and tlie sheriff assented. A 
large tumbler nearly full of " old Monongahela "' was 
soon produced. Omic took tlie glass and swallowed 
the liquor in an instant. He then declared he was 
ready for death. Carter came down, and the sheriff 
again drew the black cap over the face of the criminal. 
His former terrors immediately returned. Again 
he reached xip his hand and seized the rope, at the 
same time throwing his other arm around the post 
atid defying the efforts of the sheriff to detach him. 
He talked rapidly and incoherently in mingled Indian 
and broken English, declaring that he would return 
in two days and wreak vengeance on the palefaces. 
Once more the indefatigable Carter went up to act as 
interpreter and diplomatist. The sheriff does not 
seem to have had much nerve or he would have called 
assistance, wrapped the scoundrel with cords so tight- 
ly that ho could not move, and if necessary thrown 
him from the gallows. Another disgraceful alterca- 
tion ensued, and at length Omic gave Major Carter 
his "word of honor as an Indian" that if he could 
have one more glorious drink he would submit quiet- 
ly to his doom. Even to this the sheriff was weak 
enough to assent. This time, however, the tumbler 
was not given to the culprit but held to his mouth, 
and while he was drinking Sheriff Baldwin tightened 
the rope on his arms, and drew up the one above so 
that Omic could not go to the post. 

The platform was again cleared, but notwithstand- 
ing all the precautions Omic managed to slip the fin- 
gers of his right hand between the rope and his neck. 
The sheriff, however, did not wait for any farthei- 
parley but cut the rope which upliold the platform. 
The man fell the length of his rope, swung to and 
fro several times, and at length hung (piiet. 

Meanwhile a storm was seen coming up ra])idly from 
the northwest. It being doubted whether the crim- 
inal's neck was broken, the rope was drawn up and let 
suddenly down, when it broke and the body fell heavi- 
ly to the ground. The dark clouds swept ra])idly 
over the sky, and warning drops of rain began to fall. 
The body was hastily placed in the coffin, and as hasti- 
ly deposited in the grave which had been dug near 
the gallows. Even while this was being done the rain 
began to pour down in torrents and the crowd swiftly 
separated to seek for shelter; the militiamen not wait- 
ing to perform any more evolutions, and the gilt- 

edged officers harrying at the top of their speed to 
save their ornaments from untimely ruin. The flint-' 
lock muskets of the men were so wet that fifty In- 
dians with tomahawks could probably have captured 
the jilace. The red men, however, never manifested, 
so far as known, any disposition for revenge. 

Nearly all the physicians of the Reserve were 
present, detei'mined to obtain the body, if possible, for 
dissection. After dark several of them went to the 
S((uare, the sheriff conveniently closing his eyes, and 
took the body from the unfilled grave. Omic was 
quite fat and heavy, but T)r. Allen, of Trumbull 
county, volunteered to carry him alone. The body 
was accordingly placed on the doctor's back, but 
before he got out of the s<juare he stumbled against a 
stump and fell to the ground, with his ghastly burden 
on top of him. His companions smothered their 
laughter for fear of discovery, (it might not have 
been very pleasant to be discovered by any lingering 
Indians,) and assisted to carry the corpse to the place 
of dissection. It was reported among the citizens, at 
the time, that some of the physicians said they could 
easily have restored life after the body was on the 
dissection table, but this is extremely doubtful, con- 
sidering the hours that had elajtsed since the hanging. 
The bodv was duly dissected, and the skeleton long ^ 
remained in the possession of Dr. Long. ^ 

Two days later a swift riding expressman galloped 
into Cleveland, bearing the President's proclamation 
that on the 18th of June, 18 L3, war had been declared 
l)v the Congress of the United States against the 
kiuir i>f Great Britain. 

C! IT A P T E R XI. 

THE WAR OP 1812. 

A Qiiiet hut Anxious Beginnintr— News of HulPs Surrender— Great 
Excitements -Reported Approacli of Indians— General Alarm — l^ep- 
arations for Fight — The WaUth at Night— An .\iiproaching Vessel— 
" Who are you"— Prisoners of Hull's Army— A Militia Company- 
Copy of its Roll— Captain Gaylord's Riflemen— General Rally of tlie 
Militia— Colonel Cass— Obtaining Provisions and Forage— Generals 
Perkins and Beall— A Succession of Kugitives— Elisha Dibble- His 
Detachment of Scouts— The Battle of the Peninsula— Building a 
Court-House— Winter— Preparations in the Spring — Major Jessup — 
Governor Meigs— Captain .Sholes's Regulars— Fort Huntington- Ap- 
proach of the Bi'itish Fleet — A Calm— A Storm— A Foraging Party 
in Euclid— General Harrison— Attack on Kort Meigs— Appearance of 
Periy's Fleet— The Commander on Shore— Mrs. Stedman's Recollec- 
tions—Guns and Men of the Fleet— At work on the Court-Ho.:se— 
A Distant Round— "It's Perry's Guns"— Off to the Lake Shore- 
Listening—-' Hurrah for Perry '—News of Victory— General Exulta- 
tion-Harrison's Victory— Harrison an<l Perry at Cleveland— Disturb- 
ing News— Quiet through 1814— Incoriioration of Cleveland— Peace. 

For the first two months after the declaration of 
war there was not much more excitement than during 
the previous two mimths, when the people were only 
expecting it. The militia were fretpiently called out 
for drill, arms and munitions were issued, and many 
anxious eyes wore often turned toward the lake; for 
none could be sure but that at any moment a British 
armed vessel might approach off the coast, and land a 
force of invaders or a party of marauders. Man}' 


THE WAR OF 1813. 


ears listeued nervously, too, to every ''last tlial swrjit 
tlirougli the western forest, uneertain whether some 
ferocious hand of Indians might not make tlieir way 
past tlie American outposts, and enter on a crusade of 
cruelty among the people of the frontier. It w!i.s gen- 
erally helieved, however, that the forces gathering 
under (ieiieral Van Ilensselaer on the Niagara ,and 
under IJeneral Hull at Detroit, would soon take pos- 
session of the upper peninsula of Canada, opposite 
this county, and thus relieve -the people here of all 
farther anxiety in regard to danger from that ((uarter. 

Expressmen almost daily galloped hack and fortli 
along the lake shore; those from the west bearing 
news successively of the increase of Hull's army, of 
its advance into Canada, and then of its retreat to the 
American shore, where, however, it was believed to be 
am|)ly able to defeat any force which could be brought 
against it. But shortly after the IGth of August a 
messenger came dashing into Cleveland from the west, 
bearing the terrible news that on that day General 
Hull had surrendered his whole force to the British 
and their Indian allies, who might be expected at any 
moment to attack the defenceless inhabitants on the 
south shore of Lake Erie. Instantly all was excite- 
ment and anxiety. Expresses were sent out in vari- 
ous directions to notify the people, and also to Major 
(Jenei'al Wadsworth at Canfield, (now Mahoning 
counly.) to beg for the aid of the militia. 

Within twenty-four hours another mes,senger 
brcnigbt the news that the British and Indians were 
actually approaching ; their vessels had been seen 
near Huron ; nay, as near as he could learn, they had 
landed in that locality, and the massacre of the \)eo- 
ple had actiudly commenced. Then indeed there w; s 
dismay on every side. Many doubted the correctness 
of the information, but few desired to run the risk of 
proving its falsity. A large proportion of the peojjle 
of Cleveland set forth, in all haste, along the forest 
roads which led through Euclid and Xewburg to safer 
regions. The bolder men sent off their families, and 
themselves seized their arms, ready to do battle with 
the invading foe. Mrs. Walworth, Mrs. Dr. IjDiig 
and one or two other ladies, however, peremplorily 
refused to leave. If they could do nothing else 
they could nurse the wounded in case of battle, and 
at all hazards they would stay by their husbands. 

As the alarm spread through the county, it grew 
more intense with every mile of advance. The roads 
were soon crowded with ox-wagons and horse- wagons, 
with travelers on horseback and travelers on foot. 
Here could be seen a clumsy cart in which had been 
thrown a featlier-bed, two or three iron pots, all the 
crockery of the family, a side of bacon and a bag of 
corn meal; on top of which were a frightened matron 
and half a dozen tow-headed children, while the 
father of the family applied his long "gad" witli 
unllinching energy to the backs of the lumbering 
cattle, which were moving altogether too slowly to suit 
so dcsi)crate an emergency. Swiftly passing there 
woidd be seen a woman on horseback, wilh one child 

before and another behind, while scores of men, wo- 
men and children, blessed with neither horses nor 
oxen, were trudging wearily on foot, trembling every 
moment lest the dread war-whoops of the savages 
should be heard in their rear. In the midst of all 
these, however, were to be seen some bravo men, with 
muskets and rilles on their shoulders, hastening 
rajjidily to Cleveland to aid in repelling the foe. 

These, united with tlie little squad of Clevelanders, 
nuide up in the course of the day a company of 
thirty or forty men. As night catue on, they posted 
sentinels along the water's edge, and then lay down 
with their clothes on in the nearest deserted dwell- 
ings, to await the result. Hour after hour passed, and 
naught occurred to renew the alarm of the day. But 
soon after midnight the sentinels tpiietly gave warn- 
ing to their comrades. The latter sprang up, ad- 
justed their powder-horns and bullet-pouches, ex- 
amined the locks of their weapons, and hastened 
silently to the mouth of the river. Sure enough; 
through the darkness of the night the white sails and 
black hull of a vessel could be seen approaching from 
the west, and shaping her course toward the usual 

There were few vessels on the lake then and these 
had mostly been taken for hostile i)urposos, so the ap- 
proach of a ship from the west at that hour of the 
night looked sutHciently suspicious, and the sceptics 
began to think there might be something serious 
ahead. A Hue of determined men was formed a short 
distance from the landing place, and thirty old fire- 
locks were cocked as the vessel came steadily onward. 

" Hello," cried a sentinel, in unmilitary but con- 
venient formula, " who are you!-'"" 

"An American vessel," was the reply, " with pa- 
roled prisoners of Hull's army." 

The little company gave vent to their intense relief 
by a general shout, then " broke ranks" without wait- 
ing for orders, and were soon fraterniziug with the 
newcomers, and joining them in cursing (Jeneral Hull 
with the utmost good will. Many of the paroled men 
were wnuuded, and Murray's store was turned into a 

A company of militia was speedily called out from 
what now constitutes the city of Cleveland, and the 
towns of East Cleveland, Euclid, Newburg and per- 
haps some others. A copy of the company-roll, ob- 
tained from Washington, is on file among the records 
of the Western Reserve Historical Society, and we 
transcribe it here. 

Captain, Harvey .Murray: lieutenant, Lewis Dille; 
ensign, Alfred Kelley; sergeants, Ebenezer Green, 
Simeon Moss, Thomas Hamilton, Seth Doan; corpor- 
als, .James Root, John Lauternuui, Asa Dille, Martin 
a. Shelhouse; drummer, David S. Tyler; Dfer, Ro- 
doll)hus Carlton; privates, Aretus Burk, Allen Burk, 
Charles Brandon, John Bishop, Moses Bradley, Silas 
Burk, Sylvester Heaelier, James S. Bills, John Carl- 
ton, Mason Clark, Anthony Doyle, Luther Dille, 
Samuel Dille, Samuel Dodge, Moses Eldred, Samuel 



Evarts, Ebeuezer Fish, Zebulon R. S. Freeman, Rob- 
ert Harberson, Daniel S. Judd, Jackson James, John 
James, Stephen King, Guy Lee, Jacob Mingns, 
Thomas McHrath, William McCoukey, Samuel Noyes, 
David Reed, John Sweeney, Parker Shadrick, Lutlier 
Sterns, Bazaleel Thorp, John Taylor, Thomas Thom- 
as, Uartman Van Duzen, Jose]>h Williams, Matthew 
Williamson, John Wrightman, William Wiiite, Jo- 
seph Burk, Robert Prentice, Benjamin Ogden. 

These went into service on the 23d of August, 
1812, and remained in service until the 14th of De- 
cember of the same year. They do not, however, ap- 
pear to have been very closely confined to their mili- 
tary duties; for at tiie time the roll in (juestion was 
made out not less than twenty-two out of the fifty- 
six officers and men were marked " absent on f'ui- 
lough," besides eight absent sick. 

Another company, raised principally at Newbiirg 
and vicinity, and composed of rillemen, was com- 
nuinded by Captain Alleu Gaylord of that town, luit 
the roll has not been preserved. 

Although the first great alarm had proved un- 
founded, yet there was no knowing when an invasion 
might occur either by lake or land, and the efforts to 
put the country in readiness for such an event were 
strenuously continued. General Wadsworth, after 
ordering all tlie militia of his division into the field, 
started from Canfield on the 23d day of August, with 
a company of horsemen as escort. Passing through 
Hudson, Bedford and Newburg, and endeavoring to 
allay the apprehensions of the hundreds of frightened 
people whom he met, he rode into Cleveland with his 
horsemen al)outfour o'clock in the afternoon of tiie 
2-4th; to the great joy of the few men assembled 
there. Other militia soon followed, and so far as 
numbers were concerned there were enough to con- 
front the whole British army on the frontier. 

Benjamin Tappen and Elisiia Whittlesey, botii 
subseijuently very distinguished men in the councils 
of the nation, were General Wadsworth's aids. The 
same evening that the detachment Just mentioned 
arrived at Cleveland, Colonel Lewis Cass, afterwards 
General Cass, the celebrated statesman, came to tiie 
same point from Detroit. Having been in command 
of a regiment under Hull, he was bitterly indignant 
at the surrender, and never failed to denounce the 
cowardly general in the most virulent terms, lie 
was on his way to Washington on military business, 
and was accompanied from Cleveland by ex-Governor 
Huntington, of Painesville, who had hastened to liis 
former home at the first note of danger. 

The last named gentleman bore a letter from 
General Wadsworth to the war department, in wiiich 
he stated that he had called out three thousand men, 
but that they were largely destitute of arms, ammuni- 
tion and eipiipments, and that it would even be 
difficut to feed theni. He urged the dej)artment to 
give him aid, but did not wait for it to come. He 
appointed tliree commissioners of supplies, to pur- provisions and forage from the people, wlio. 

trusting in the good faith of the government, sold as 
cheaply as for coin. The commissioners gave cer- 
tificates stating the <|naiitity and value of the article 
furnished, and promising to pay for it when the 
government should remit the necessary funds. 

Many of the frightened people had gone east, 
abandoning their crojis on the ground or in barns. 
T'hese were taken by tlie commissioners, apjiraised, 
and tiie owners creilited with the value. Fatigue 
parties of soldiers harvested the crops and hauled them 
to camp, and the owners were afterwards remunerated 
for them. 

On the 20th of August Brigadier (ieneral Simon 
Perkins arrived at Cleveland with a large body of 
militia. General Wadsworth sent him forward to 
Ilinoii with a thousand men, to build block-houses 
and protect the inhabitants. General Reazin Beall 
was soon after sent westward with another body 
of troops on a similar errand. General Wadsworth 
soon received dispatches from Washington, emlorsiug 
iiis course, urging vigorous action and promising sup- 
port. The major general himself soon went westward 
witii nearly all tiie rest of his men; being first under 
command of General Winchester, and afterwards of 
the hero of Tij)pecanoe, General William II. Harrison. 

The same circumstance was noticeable here as at 
other points on the frontier, and at other times as 
well as at this one; nearly all the inhabitants for a 
long distance back from the scene of trouble thought 
they must move, but were apparently satisfied by tiie 
act of moving. Thus, while some of the people of 
Cuyalioga county lied twenty, thirty or forty miles 
eastward, tliey found tiiere homes abandoned by those 
who had gone still farther on. These they could, and 
often did, occupy: feeling themselves safe in the same 
}ilaces from which others had fled in terror. In like 
manner, people coming from Huron and be3'ond 
thought they liad fled far enough when they readied 
the mouth of tlie Cuyahoga, and made themselves at 
home in localities only a few days before abandoned 
by tlie previous residents. 

Among those who thus came from the west was 
Elisha Dibble, father of Cajitain Lewis Dibble, of 
Cleveland, who brougli this wife and eight ciiildren; 
together with another family, in a boat, to Cleveland, 
shortly after Hull's surrender. His former location 
had indeed been one of great danger, being on the 
River Raisin, near the present city of Monroe, Mich- 
igan, and not far from the scene of the celebrated 
"massacre of the River Raisin," which took place the 
same autumn. On reaching Cleveland he concluded 
he had gone far enough, and located himself in the 
house of Rudolphus Edwards, near the jiresent corner 
of Woodland avenue and Woodland Hills avenue. 
Being a stirring, energetic man, he determined to 
raise a detachment of mounted rangers, or scouts, for 
service against the enemy, and soon accomiilished his 
object; the men being from all i)arts of the county, and 
some of them being doubtless, like himself, fugitives 
from western homes. Captain Dibble marched with 

<JXu/ is A^^s^UrdLt 



THK WAR OF 1812. 


liis compauy to Huron and other endangered localities. 
He received the thunlcs of iiis coiinnander in writing 
f(ii- iiis efficient servicjc, hut contracted a sickness 
which C()in[>eilcd ills return home, wliere lie died the 
next year. 

After (iencral Harrison took coniinand in tlie 
Niii'tliwest. (ienoral Perkins was placed in coinnuuul 
111' live hundred men and stationed near tlie mouth of 
the Union, remaining there nearly two months. 
\\ liilc there a conflict took jilace hetween a detach- 
MHiit of General Perkins' men and a force of Britisli 
Mild Indians, who had made tlieir way tiiat far east, 
eil her on scouting duty or in search of plunder. This 
is known in local annals as " the haltle of the Penin- 
siihi." A [lortion of tlic Cuyahoga county men were 
engaged in it, and the roll of Captain Murray's com- 
jiany sliows that one of his men, James S. Kills, was 
killed in the conflict, and that two others, John Carl- 
loii and Moses Eldred, were wounded there. 

[luring the season Mr. Samuel Dodge was eiig.iged 
in liuilding vessels for the government, holh in the 
tUiyahoga and at Erie, Pennsylvania. 

Notwithstanding all Uie din of war, the alTairs of 
peace were not entirely neglected. In the fall or Lite 
in the summer of 1812 the county commissioners, 
Messrs. AV^right, Ruggles and Miles, made a contract 
with Mr. Levi Johnson, a young carpenter of Cleve- 
land, to huild a court-iiouse on the northwest corner 
of the puhiic s(pnire. It was to be of wood, two stories 
liigh, and to consist of a jail and jailer's residence in 
the lower story, and a court-room in the ujiper one. 
Mr. Jolmson immediately began obtaining the timber, 
hut the building was not raised till the next year. 

As winter ap[)roached, the war-excitement subsided. 
Both armies went into winter-ipiartcrs, most of tlie 
militia was dismissed in Uecember, and only a small 
guard was nniintained at Cleveland. 

Ill the spring of 1813 active invparatioiis for iios- 
tilities were again made on both sides of tin; frontier, 
and Cleveland again became a depot of sujiplies, and 
to some extent a remle/.vous for troop.s. Major 
Thomas S. Jessup, (jf the regular army, afterwards 
highly distinguished as (Jeneial Jessup, was placed in 
command, though at first he hail only a few compa- 
nies of militia under hisciuirge. Later Hon. Return 
J. Meigs, governor of Ohio, came to inspect the 
l)re])arations nniking for war. 

On the lOth of May, while the latter was still 
there, a company of regular soldiers marched into 
town under the command of Captain Stanton Slides. 
These were the tirst and about the only regular 
troops stationed in Cuyahoga county during the war. 
They were met by (Joveriior Meigs, anil warmly wel- 
comed by him as well as by the citizens of the place. 
There were a number of sick and wounded soldiers 
there, with very poor accommodations, some of whom 
had been there since the time of Hull's surrender. 
Captain Slioles immediately set some carpenters be- 
longing to his company at work, and in a short time 
they erected a neat, framed hospital, about twenty feet 

by thirty, though without the use of a nail, a screw, 
or any iron article whatever; the whole being held 
together by wooden jiins. It was covered with a 
water-tight roof and floored with chestnut bark. To 
this the invalids were speedily removed, to the very 
great iiujirovement of their comfort. 

Then all the men of the comjiauy were set at work 
building a small stockade, about fifty yards from the 
bank of the lake, near the jiresent Seneca street. Cut- 
ting down a large number of trees twelve to fifteen 
inches in diameter, they cut off logs some twelve feet 
long each. These were sunk in the ground three or 
four feet, leaving the remaining distance above the 
surface. The sides of the logs adjoining each other 
were hewed down for a few inches, so as to tit solidly 
together. TJiis made a wall impervious to small 
arms, and the dirt was heaped up against the outside 
so as somewhat to deaden the effect of cannon balls. 
Next a large number of trees and brush were cut 
down, and tiie logs and brush }iiled together near the 
brink of the lake; forming a long aliatis, very diffi- 
cult to climb over, and which would have exjiosed 
any assailing party who attemiited to surmount it to 
a very destructive fire from the fort while doing so. 
The post was named Fort lluiitiiigton, in honor of 
the ex-governor. 

Meanwhile vessels were building in tlie Cuyahoga, 
and a large amount of public stores accumulating on 
the banks. Scarcely had Captain Sholes got his little 
fortress in good condition when, on the l!)tli of 
June, the British fleet, consisting of the "Queen (!har- 
lotte " and '"Lady Provost," with some smaller ves- 
sels, appeared off the coast and a|)proached the mouth 
of the river with the apparent intention of landing. 
Major Jessup had left, but expresses were sent out to 
rally the militia, and as soon as possible every man in 
the vicinity was hastening with musket on his shoul- 
der toward the endangered locality. 

When the fleet had arrived within a mile and a half 
of the harbor the wind sank to a perfect calm, and 
the vessels were compelleil to lie there until afternoon. 
Meanwhile the little band of regulars made every 
[U'cparation they could to defenil their post, and a 
considerable body of militia was arrayed near by. 
There was a small piece of artillery in the village, but 
it was entirely unprovided with a carriage. .Iiidge 
James Kingsijury, at that time a paymaster in the 
army, as we are informed i)y his daughter, Mrs. Sted- 
man, then eight years old, took the hind wlu'cls of a 
heavy wagon, mounted the little cannon on them, 
after a fashion, and placed it in position to pour its 
volleys into the enemy's ranks if he slioukl attc^mpt 
to land. The vessels in the Cuyahoga and (lie public 
stores were all, as far as possible, moved to " Wal- 
worth point," some two miles up the river. 

At length the calm ceased, but the succeetling 
weather was no more propitious to the would-be in- 
vaders. A terrific thunder-storm spratig iij) in the 
west and swept furiously down the lake, and the 
little fleet was soon driven before it far to tlie Ciust- 



ward; relieving the Clevelauders of all fear of an at- 
tack, at least for tliat day. 

When the storm abated, the fleet lay to, ojiposiio 
Euclid creek, in the town of that name, where a 
boat's crew went asliore. Tliey killed an ox there, 
cut it up hide and all, and took it ofE to their com- 
rades on shi[>board. Witii more courtesy than could 
have been expected, however, they left a golden 
guinea in a cleft stick at the place of slaughter, with 
a note ai)ologizing be( ause in their Iiaste they had to 
spoil the hide, and adding that if it liad not been for 
the thunder shower they would Juive eaten their beef 
in Cleveland. Eitlier the commander thought that 
during tlie delay too large a force for them to meet 
had assembled, or else their presence was required 
elsewhere; at ,dl events they sailed ofP down the lake, 
and their vessels never again appeared on the siiore of 
Cuyahoga county except as the captured spoils of the 
gallant Perry and his comrades. 

About the middle of July, General W. H. Harrison, 
commander-in-chief of the Northwestern army, and 
the only general who had gained any fame as a sol- 
dier on this frontier, came to Cleveland on a tour of 
ins2)ection, accompanied by his statf officers, Governor 
Huntington, Major George Tod (father of the late 
David Tod), Major T. 8. Jessnp, and the gallant 
Colonel Wood, afterwards killed at Fort Erie. The 
general was cordially welcomed, and many came from 
the townships in the vicinity to sec and to show their 
respect to the hero of Tippecanoe, who it was hoped 
would redeem the tarnished fame of the American 
arms in the Northwest. After a tlirec-days' stay, 
spent in careful examination of the juiblic stores and 
means of defense, the general returned to his army, 
at the mouth of the Maumee. 

Immediately afterwards there was another alarm 
spread along the lake shore, when a force of British 
and Indians attacked Fort Meigs, on the site of the 
city of Fremont. Some again packed up their house- 
hold goods for flight, but as a rule the people had by 
this time become pretty well seasoned to rumors of 
war, and they generally waited for farther advices. 

Two entire di\ isioiis of militia, residing southward 
and southeastward I'rom Fort Meigs, were ordered out 
by the governor, but tiiose on the lake shore were 
rigiitly considered as having enougii to do to defend 
tlieir own localities, and were not required to take the 
licld at that time. The gallant Major Croghan with 
his little band successfully defended the fort, and 
compelled the withdrawal of the enemy before any of 
Governor Meigs' levies arrived; and again, for a while, 
t!)ere was a period of comparative quiet. 

But the British fleet was still mistress of the lake; 
no movement against Canada was likely to be success- 
ful until Ihat fleet could be overcome, and no one 
knew at what moment an invading force migiit be 
landed at any point on our long and feebly defended 
frontier. All eyes were anxiously directed toward the 
harbor of Erie, where a young lieutenant of twenty- 
six, called commodore by courtesy, was straining every 

nerve to equip his little fleet, get out to sea, and settle 
by actual combat the question whether the stars and 
stripes or the red cross of St. George should float vic- 
torious over Lake Erie. 

At length, on the 5th day of August, Perry took 
his fleet out of tiie harbor and immediately sailed in 
search of the foe. In a few days he passed up the 
lake, feeling sure that he would soon bring the enemy 
to battle. The fleet lay to off the mouth of the Cuya- 
hoga to get supplies, and the youthful commodore came 
ashore. Little Diana Kingsbury was in the village at 
the time with her father, and the venerable Mrs. Sted- 
man still retains a vivid recollection of the tall, slender, 
erect young man, in the glittering uniform of the 
United States navy, with noble bearing and hand- 
some, radiant face, on whom more than on any other 
man, at that moment, rested the fortunes and honor 
of America in the Northwest. 

The ol)ject of the brief delay having been accom- 
])lished, the commander returned to his flag-ship, the 
fleet spread its sails to the favoring breeze and stood 
away to the westward in gallant array. There were the 
"Lawrence," the commodore's flag-ship, with twenty 
guns; the " Niagara," with twenty guns, under Lieu- 
tenant F^lliott; the "Caledonia," with thi'eo guns, 
under Lieutenant Turner; the "Ariel," with four 
guns, under Lieutenant Pickett; the "Scorpion," 
with two guns, under Lieutenant Champlin; the 
"Somers," with four guns, under Sailing-master 
Honry; the " Porcuiiine," with one gun, under Mid- 
slii[iman Senat; the "Tigress," with one gun, under 
Midshipman Conklin; the " Trippc," with one gun, 
under Midshipman Holdup. In long procession they 
swept past the shores of Brooklyn, Rockj)ort an<l 
Dover, and sailed away in search of the foe, followed 
by the hopes and prayers of all the people for the 
ardent commander and his gallant crew. 

Inter anna Icf/rx silvnl, says the old Roman prov- 
erb; that is, amid the clang of arms the laws are pow- 
erless. But for all that the Cuyahoga jieople did not 
stoj) building a court-house because war was going on 
around them. On the 10th of Sej)tember, 1S13, 
Levi Johnson and some of his hired men were busy 
l)utting the flnishing work on the rude temple of jus- 
tice which he had contracted to build a year before. 
Some of them heard a noise in the distant west, which 
was at first sujjiiosed to be thunder. Looking uj), 
however, they were surprised to sec no clouds as far 
as the eye could reach in every direct inn. Tiie soumls 
continued. Suddenly Johnson exclaiined: 

" It's Perry's gnus; he's fighting with the British." 

In a moment all the workmen by common consent 
threw (biwn their hammers and nails, scrambled to 
the ground ami hurried to the lake shore with (heir 
cmiiloyei' at (heir head. In a shoi't time all the men 
(if (he village, wi(h many of the women anil children, 
were gathertid on the beach, listening to the sounds 
of battle. The scene of conflict was seventy miles dis- 
tant, but the wind was favorable and the listeners 
could not only plainly hear the roll of the broadsides, 



but., wlicn the lire slackened from time to time, could 
disliiigiiisli beiween the heavier and the lighter guns. 

At length there was only a dro])ping fire; one fleet 
hail evidently succnnil)ed to the other. Finally 
heaw shots were heard, and then all was silent. 

" I'erry has the heaviest guns," exclaimed John- 
son; " those are Perry's shots — he has won the day — 
three eliecrs for IVrryl" 

'• lii|i, hill, hurrah!" 2'i'"'nrfb' resjionded the 
criiwil, willing to believe the assertion, liut yet sepa- 
rating with anxious hearts, uncertain what miglil be 
the result. In fact, the English had sonic as heavy 
guns as the Americans, but not so many of that class. 

Not only in Cleveland but all along the lake shore, 
among the scattered inhabitants of Dover, Uockport, 
15rooklyn and Euclid, the sounds of battle were heard; 
the i)eople soon divined that it was not thunder, and 
listened with mingled dread and hope to the deatii- 
notes from the west. Nay, even as far cast as Eric, 
Pennsylvania, a hundred and sixty miles from the 
scene, the sounds of the conflict were heard, but mere- 
ly as a low rumbling, which was sujiposcd to be dis- 
tant thunder. 

Soon the welcome news of victory was borne along 
the shore, and the people could freely give way to 
their exullation. It was not merely joy over the 
great motional triumph which gladdened their hearts, 
though this was deeply felt, but also the knowledge 
that, with Lake Erie in the possession of the Ameri- 
cans, their homes, their wives and their children were 
safe from British invasion and Indian foray. 

'I'he victory of Harrison over Proctor on the 
Thames, accompanied by the death of Tccumseh, 
followed on the 5th of Occolier, 1813; making the 
assurance of safety doubly sure on the part of the 
inhabitants of this frontier. The army of Harrison, or 
such ])art of it as was not discharged, soon after went 
down to the shores of LaJ^e Ontario, and the tide of war 
drifted away from all this region. General Harrison 
and Commodore Perry went down the sout h shore of 
Lake Erie to Buffalo, stojiping at Cleveland, where 
thev were entertained with a banquet, while .Iiidge 
Kingsliury brought about the assenddage of a sjiecial 
meeting of Masons in their honor, at his farm on the 
ridg.'. ' 

The lake was open to a late period that, year, and 
on the '-ilst of J)eceml)er the peo))lc along the shore 
saw the gallant Lawrence sailing down on its way to 
Erie, where it became a hospital-ship; being followed 
slowly by the captured British vessels, Detroit and 
(^iieen Charlotte. 

< )n New Year's Day, 1814, the residents of Cuyahoga 
county were siiocked and slailled to learn that, two 
days before, the 15ritish and Indians had eaiitiired 
and burned tiie village of Buffalo, having previously 
captured Fort Niagara and devastated the whole 
Niagara frontier. h'or a short time some of the 
inhabitants were alarmed lest the foes they had so 
long looked for from tin' west should come up t he 
shore of the lake from the northeast. But the 

invasion was only temporary, and during the suc- 
ceeding campaign llie tide of war ebbed and flowed 
between [jake Erie ami Lake Ontario, entirely on 
Canadian soil, wiiile iKirthern Ohio and the Territory 
of jMieliigan were alike blessed with jirofound peace. 
The only event worthy of mention, occurring in the 
county during the year, was of a civil nature; the 
incorporation of the village of Cleveland on the 33d 
of December, ISM. 

But though the iminediale jiressure of war was 
lifted from this region, yet, its existence cheeked 
])rogress and slopped immigration, and it was with 
great delight that in the latter part of .January, LS15, 
the people heard that peace had been made between 
the United States and threat Britain by means of the 
treaty of (xbent. 

C II A V T E R X 1 I. 


Rapiil Development— Previous Unfavorable (,'ircunistances— Settlement 
of Various Townships— Slow Ciiowth of Cleveland- First Bank— Plan- 
ning the Canal- .\ Ouyahoga Man's Idea— The First Nelfspaper A 
Siirpiising Phenomenon The "Walk-in-thc-Water"— Improvement 
under Diffieulties— Articles of Lake Commerce— Names of Lake Ves- 
sels—Pennsylvania Wagons— A Fast Man of Yore— The Cleveland Her- 
ald General Tiainiiigs— Wolves and Bears The Hinkley Hunt— The 
Gathering -The Officers— The Skirmish Line The Advance -The Fhvst 
Bear- Slaughter of the Deer-Closing up- Furious Fun— The Last 
Syuare Mile— "A Wolf! A Wolf!"— Slaying the Marauders— The 
Grand Finale— Number of the Victims— A Line of Stage Coaches- 
Stage Coacning E.^cperience— " Going on Foot and Cairying a Kail "— 
Increasing Commerce— Legislative Action on the Canal— Alfred Kelley 
a Commissioner— Prices of Farm Produce— Fondness for Whisky— 
Tne Militia again— Capital Scarce— Various Small Industries— Forma- 
tion of Lorain County— Its Organization— The Southwestera Turupike 
—The Medical Society— The Election of ISil— The Kinsman Road— A 
Mild Winter -Law authorizing the Canal. 

The period of fifteen years succeeding the war of 
1813 was one of rapid development of the agricultural 
portion of the county. Previous to 1815 settlement 
had been very slow. At first . people were deterred by 
the unfavorable reiiutatioii of the region in regard to 
sickness. Rumors of Indian war also checked immi- 
gration, and the war of ishi eoin]iletely stopped it. 
But with the close of that wai-, the certainty that the 
Indians were eoiiiiiletely siilidiied and the improving 
condition of the county in regard to health, the peo- 
ple poureil in. in numbers increased by the previous 
restraint. Hitherto the settlements had nearly all 
been along the lake shore, but now the hardy jnoncers 
hastened into all the t(.wnsliips of the county in rapid 
suecession. even to its soulJiernmost border. 

Nearly or i|uili' half of the present eixil townships 
of Cuyahoga county were both settled and organized 
between the beginning of 1815 and the end of 1835. 
in nearly every township, not ]iieviously occupied, 
setllemenis were begun wiihiii live years after the 
i-lose of Iheuar. The present township of Chagrin 
l<'alls was sell led. though (Uily by a single resident, in 
1S15. (Iliiislead and Kockport were both settled in 
the same year, lioekporl was organized in 1819. 



iStrongsville was settled in 1816 and organized in 1818. 
The first pioneers located in Orange in 1815 or '16, 
and an organization was effected in 1820. Solon was 
settled in the latter year. Bedford was settled in 
1813, and Warrensville in 1810. Brecksville liad first 
been occupied in 1810 and Independence about the 
same time. Middlebnrg was also settled before the 
war. The pioneers of all these townships, as well as 
those pi-eviously settled in the county, were principal- 
ly from New England or New York, though occasion- 
ally a sturdy Penjisylvania German made his way from 
that State, and entered into competition with the keen- 
eyed Yankees. Huron county was organized in 181.5; 
leaving Cuyahoga unencumbered with outside tempo- 
rary territory, but still extending to Black river. 

Everywhere the axe was heard resounding amid the 
grand old forest-trees, the smoke from numerous log 
cabins was seen rising aliove their to])s, and the deer, 
the bears and the wolves were rapidly driven back be- 
fore the rifles of the advancing pioneers. The stories 
of tlie various localities are told in the township histo- 
ries, l)ut the general result was that Cuyahoga county 
sj)eedily emerged from the wilderness condition wliich 
had previously characterized the principal part of its 
ai-ea, and entered on a career of i)rosperity which has 
only seldom been checked from that time to this. 

The village of Cleveland, however, showed but a 
slight exjjansion for ten years after the war. The 
first bank in the county, the Commercial Bank of 
Lake Erie, was organized there in 1816, but it did a 
very modest business indeed, and ere long became de- 
funct. In 1817, N. H. Merwin built the schooner 
"Minerva," tiie first vessel registered at Washington 
from the district of Cuyahoga, under the United 
States revenue laws; this being one of the first opera- 
tions in the great business of vessel building, which 
has since grown to such large propoi'tions. 

Meanwhile far-sighted men were looking forward 
to the estalilisimient of a great city at the moiitii of 
the Cuyahoga, and planning the opening of a great 
highway of commerce between Lake Erie and the 
Ohio river, with one of its termini at the point just 
mentioned. New York had already begun to build the 
Erie canal, and public opinion in Ohio was turning 
toward a similar work. The first resohuion looking 
to the construction of a canal from Lake Erie to the 
Ohio was introduced into the legislature in 1817, 
thougii the work in question was not begun until 
1 825. 

We may note in passing, as indicative of the 
thorough identification of Cuyahoga county with the 
most liberal ideas of modern progress, that in 1818 
Hon. Alfred Kelley, then a representative from that 
county, introduced into the lower house of the legis- 
lature a bill to abolish imprisonment for debt, which 
is said to have been the first movement of that kind 
made in any legislative body in either this country or 
Europe. Tiie bill did not at that time become a law, 
but it exerted a great influence in calling public at- 
tention to that subject, and ere many j-ears had 

passed imprisonment for debt was wiped from the 
statute-books of all the States of the Union. 

On the 31st of July, 1818, the first newspaper was 
issued in the county; being called the Cleveland Ga- 
zetfc and Commercial Register. It was intended to 
be a weekly sheet, but sometimes ten, twelve or four- 
teen days elapsed between its issues. 

But a newspaper, although rightly considered an 
important institution, was something which everv- 
body had seen before; on the first day of Se])teniber 
of the same year an entire novelty — the like of which 
not one in five hundred of the inhabitants had ever 
before seen — presented itself before the jieople of 
Cuyahoga county. On the day named the residents 
along the lake shore of Euclid saw upon the lake a 
curious kind of a vessel, making what was then con- 
sidered very rapid progress westward, without the aid 
of sails, while from a pipe near its middle rolled forth 
a dark cloud of smoke, which trailed its gloomy 
length far into the rear of the swift-gliding, mysterious 
traveler over the deep. They watched its westward 
course until it turned its prow toward the harbor of 
Cleveland, and then returned to their labors. Many 
of them doubtless knew what it was, Init some shook 
their heads in sad surmise as to whether some evil 
powers were not at work in producing such a strange 
jihenomenon as that, on the bosom of their beloved 
Lake Erie. 

Meanwhile the citizens of Cleveland perceived the 
approaching monster, and hastened to the lake slmre 
to examine it. 

"What is it?" "What is it?" Where did it 
come from ? What makes it go ? queried one and 
another of the excited throng. 

" It's the steamboat, that's what it is ;" cried others 
in reply. 

" Yes. yes, it's the steamljoat; it's the stoanil>oa(," 
was the general shout, and with ringing cheers the 
jjcople welcomed the first vessel propelled by steam 
which had ever traversed the waters of Lake Erie. 
The keel had been laid at Black Rock, near Butt'alo, 
in November, 1817, and the vessel had been built 
during the spring and summer of 1818. It had re- 
ceived the luime of " Walk-in-the- Water," from a 
Wyandot chieftain who was formei'ly known by tliat 
appt^llation ; which was also extremely appropriate as 
applied to a vessel which did indeed walk in the water 
like a thing of life. 

This harbinger of the numerous steam-leviathans 
of the upper lakes, and of the immense commerce 
carried on by them, was of three hundred tons burden, 
and could carry a hundred cabin passengers and a still 
larger nnml)er in the steerage. Its best sjjced was 
from eight to ten miles per hour, and even this was 
considered something wonderful. All Cleveland 
swarmed on board to examine the new craft, and many 
of the leading citizens took passage in it to Detroit, 
for which place it soon set forth. 

The work of improvement, as we have said, was all 
the while going on at a rapid rate although umler 




fjroiil. (lillicult.ies. Iliirdsliip w;is Llic expected lot of 
tlio pioneers, but even in tlie older sections of tiio 
county, where good farms liad been cleared up, llic 
agriculturist found his vocation an unprofitable one on 
account of the ditticulty of finding a market for his 
pmducts. In fact, for grain there was almost no 
market; the only i)urchaser.-i in this vicinity being the 
few Imndrcd traders and mechanics wiio were concen- 
trated at Cleveland and Ncwlmrg. Hardly a bushel 
of wheat or a barrel of tlonr was shipped down the 
lake until after the opening of the Erie canal in 1835; 
the expense of transportation being so great as to 
"eat up" the whole j)rice of the article. 

.Some cattle wei'e driven overland to l'liiladeli)hia or 
New York, and hides in considerable (|uaiitities, be- 
sides the furs of wild animals, were sent down the 
lake. From an old marine record we find that the 
articles going down the lake at this period (1815 to 
18"J0) taking one vessel after another, comjjrised furs, 
fish, cider, furs, paint, dry goods, furniture, scythes, 
furs, grindstones, skins, furs, cider, paint, furs, fish, 
household-goods, grindstones, skins, scythes, coffee, 
fish, l)uilding-stoue, crockery, hardware, pork, scythes 
and clothing. It is difficult to imagine where the 
coffee and some other articles came from, but probably 
they had been sent up the lake from the East and were 
returned for lack of a market. It will be observed 
tluit neither potash, pearhish nor " black salts," figure 
in the list of exports, though these are mentioned by 
most of the early settlers I have met as being the 
])rincipal cash articles they could produce. It is prob- 
al)le that it was not till after 1816, (the date of the 
fiiregoing list) that black salts, etc., became articles of 
export from northern Ohio. 

Tiie upward bound fi-eight at the same time con- 
sisted of whisky, dry goods, household goods, naval 
stores, dry goods, groceries, hardware, salt, fish, 
spirits, household goods, mill-irons, salt, tea, whisky, 
liutt,er. wiiisky, coffee, soap, medicines, groceries, 
liouseiiold goods and farm utensils. It will be seen 
that a good many classes of articles went l)oth ways, 
l)ut no furs nor skins went up the lake. 

Tiie lake vessels of (lie period in i|Ucstion were 
almost all schooners, the following bring a nearly 
complete list: The schooners '•Holpliin," "Diligence," 
" Krie," " Ponifret," " Weasel," " Widow's Son," 
" Meri'y Calvin,'" "Firefly." "Paulina." ".Mink," 
"Merchant." ■•rilot,,'" "Ilacrhel," "Michigan, " "Neji- 
tune," "Hercules," "Croghan," "Tiger," "Anrora," 
"Experiment," "IJlaek Snake,'' "Hanger," •■Fiddler" 
Mild "(Miampion;" also the sloops "Venus," "Ameri- 
can Kagle," "Perseverance," " Nigiitingale " and 
" HIack Iliver Packcl." 'I'lie solitary sleainer has 
already been mentioned. 

Whatever freight was brought to (!lcveland at this 
period from the adjoining counties was carried (ex- 
cejit when there was sleighing) on big vehicles, called 
" Pennsylvania '" or " CJonestoga " wagons, drawn by 
four or six horses. A solid vehicle and a strong team 
were absolutely necessary, especially in sju^ing and 

autumn, to make any headway at all along the ftarfiil 
roads, covered knee-deep or more with iiiiid, which 
traversed northern Ohio. 

Even in summer these rude highways were by no 
means easy to travel. It is narrated that in 1810 a 
resident of Hudson, Summit county, who had ;i fine 
team of which he was especially proud, drovt^ up to 
the door of Noble II. Merwin'.s hotel in Cleveland, 
just as the guests of the latter were sitting down to 

"Ah!"' said the landlord, "are you just from Hud- 
son ?" 

"Yes,"" replied the traveler. 

"How long have you been on the road?" ((uericd 

"Oh, I came through to-day," responded the other 
with manifest pride. 

"What!" exclaimed mine host, "came tlirough 
from Hudson in one day — you don't say so?"' 

" Fact, upon honor," res])Oiided tlu^ owner of the 

"Come out here; come out here," cried the excited 
landlord to the occupants of the suj)per table; " here 
is a man who has come through from Hudson to- 
day;" and forthwith all rushed out to gaze on this 
extraordinary phenomena. As the distance from 
Cleveland to Hudson was only twenty-four miles, it 
may be presumed that the roads must have been 
something terrible to make such a day's journey seem 

The second newspaper in the county, and the oldest 
one now surviving, was the Cleveland llcnihl, wliieh 
was first published in 1819. In the early files we 
have found many incidents bearing upon the history 
of the county at that period. 

The militia was then an institution of much more 
conse<|nence than at present, and the number of 
divisions, brigades and regiments, with their cor- 
responding major-generals, brigadier-generals and 
colonels was something almost tremendous. Among 
numerous other cases we notice that in June, 1820, 
Colonel Daniel Miles was elected brigadier-general in 
place of (leneral Lewis K. Dille, of Euclid, resigned. 
T'he "general training" of those days was next to 
the 4tli of July the great holiday of the suumiei- 
season. When a regiment of four hundred or five 
iiundred men, dres.sed iu sheep's gray and i)liie jeans, 
and many of them in their shirt sleeves, armed with 
lilies, muskets and fowling-pieces of every pattern, 
stood in irregular line in some convenient meadow, 
while the eolor.ul, glorious in brass buttons, with 
epaulets as l.irge as tea-plates, and a cocked hat of 
tremendous circumference, dashed uj) and down the 
lines on the best farm horse to be obtained for love 
or money — ah, (hen indeed the assembled boyhood of 
all the country round felt that the acme of glory liad 
been reached, and that with such defenders Columbia 
was .safe from all her foes. 

Hut tiie most dangerous foes of the people of Cuya- 
hoga at this time were not the embattled legions of 



Europe, but the wolves which devoured their sheep 
and the bears which ate up their hogs. To reduce 
the number of these enemies, to obtain their skins 
and to supply themselves with venison, as well as for 
the sport afforded, hundreds of young and middle- 
aged men made a sjiecialty of hunting during the 
winter mouths. 

But there were in some localities large tracts which, 
usually on account of their swampy nature, were the 
especial resort of wild animals. Occasionally, after 
the farmers' sheep had suffered severely from wolves 
which harbored in such a tract, the people would turn 
out from far and near to surround and clear out the 
haunt of the marauders. The most celebrated of all 
these grand haltues in this part of the State was the 
"Hinckley hunt," which took place in December, 
1818. The township of Hinckley, which was the 
scene of the great raid, was just outside of Cuyahoga 
county; lying immediately south of Royalton, and 
being now the uortheasterumost township of Medina 
county — yet as huntsmen i^rticipated in it from all 
parts of Cuyahoga, even from as far as Euclid, we 
have chosen it as a specimen of the onslaughts occa- 
sionally made on the denizens of the forest by the 
pioneers of northern Ohio. 

Notice having been given throughout Cuyahoga and 
Medina counties, including the pi-esent county of 
Summit, nearly five hundred hunters, all eager for 
the fray, assembled one cold morning in December on 
the borders of the wolf-haunted townsliip. A com- 
mander in chief was chosen by universal -suffrage, as 
well as four captains, one for each side of the area to 
be enclosed. 'Squire Ferris, of Royalton, was the 
captain on the northern side. Then the commander 
sent his companies to the right and left, and in due 
time the whole township was enclosed by what in mil- 
itary phrase would be called a skirmish line, witli the 
men fifteen or twenty rods apart. There was at tliat 
time only one family living in Hinckley ; so that the 
assailants had a clear field. 

Next, the word was started from the northeast cor- 
ner of the township, "All ready.'' 

"All ready," repeated the men, one after another, 
and the word quickly went around the townshiji and 
came back to the northeast corner. 

" Forward march ! "' shouted the chief. " Forward 
march I " repeated the men in succession, and the 
four lines moved forward toward the center of the 
township. At intervals along the line good woods- 
men were placed, with special instructions to take a 
straight direction to the center of Hinckley, to whose 
movement the others were directed to conform, grad- 
ually closing up as they progressed. The venerable 
Abial Haynes, of Strongsville, though then but a 
youth, was one of the linesmen, or "guides,"' and has 
given us a description of the principal events of this 
exciting day. 

Ere tlie lines had niarclied a mile toward the center 
a few deer were seen, a part of wliich were killed 
while others sped away in the oj^posite direction from 

the crackling rifles. After tlie first mile bears began 
to be observed. Mr. Haynes and John Ililliard met 
one and lioth fired at once, at a distance of a few rods. 
Both balls struck him and he fell, but immediately 
scrambled up and "loped" back into the forest. He 
was soon killed, however, and was found to weigh 
six hundred jjounds ; being almost as heavy as a small 

The lines marched on and deer became extremely 
numerous, while bear were quite frequent. There 
was a continuous fusilade along the line as bucks, 
and does, and fawns fell in rapid succession before the 
rifles of the hunters. Tiiose that did not fall gener- 
ally ran back from the line of death-dealing riflemen, 
but occasionally some brave old buck would fling his 
antlered head aloft, burst through the line of his foes, 
perchance escape their bullets, and dash away to seek 
a more healthy residence. 

Turkies, too, flew up in enormous numbers; so that 
it was said in somewhat exaggerated phrase that every 
bullet fired that day killed a turkey. Turkies and 
deer were so numerous that their deaths caused no 
excitement, but when a bear curled up to die a tri- 
umphant shout was raised by his conqueroi-s. which 
was echoed far along the line. 

All this while not a wolf was to be seen ; the wary 
rascals snuffed danger from afar and retreated as fast 
as possible from the sound of the deadly rifles. As 
wolves were the very animals it was most desirable to 
kill, some disappointment was felt at their non-ap- 
pearance, but the old iiuuters were certain they had 
retreated toward the center and encouraged the others 
to press on. 

When within about two miles of the middle of the 
township the fun became fast and furious The men 
were now but four or five rods apart and it was "very 
difficult for anything to escape between them. Never- 
theless, at one time fifty or sixty deer, in one fright- 
ened herd, made a dash at the line ; the antlered lead- 
ers bounding five or six feet from the ground, and .all 
snorting with frantic terror. Most of them escaped, 
in spite of the rattling fusilade with which tlw;y were 
assailed on either side. Scarce a moment passed in 
which a deer was not seen bounding with all the speed 
of terror through the forest, or a bear lumbering 
along at his best pace, but far too slowly to escape 
the vengeance of his unsparing foes. Crack ! crack ! 
went the rifles with scarcely a moment's intermission; 
corpses strewed the ground on every side and the ex- 
cited hunters, with all the enthusiasm of victorious 
soldiers, pressed forward with flying feet. 

Still no wolves. 

When the last square mile in the center of the 
township was reached the deer had entirely disap- 
peared ; all were slain or had broken through the 
lines and escaped. The bears, too, had become scarce; 
only three or four being killed on the last square 
mile. The men were now within a few paces of each 
other, and eager as so many bloodhounds. At length 
a gaunt gray form was seen gliding among the trees. 



"A wolf ! a wolf ! " cried those who saw it. Half 
a dozen rilles were Gred at once, and the enemy of the 
sheep-fold was numbei'ed with the slain. Another 
and another were soon seen and dispatched. As the 
deadly lines, now closing into a circle, pressed forward 
to the center, the grisly prowlers were seen running 
hitiier and thither, as terrified as the lambs tiiey had 
formerly pursued. Caution was now necessary lest 
the bullets of the hunters should wound their friends 
on the other side of the circle, but caution was a dif- 
licult virtue among such an excited and jubilant 
crowd. However, it must have been exercised to 
some extent ; for none of the hunters were killed or 

At last the triumphant rillemon closed swiftly in 
together, the last wolf went down beneath their 
bullets, the circle became a band, and a succession of 
ringing cheers gave vent to their excited feelings. 

Ou counting up their victims, eight wolves were 
found (all killed on the last square mile); a number 
which, though not large in compai-ison with that of 
the other animals, was sullicient to carry destruction 
into hundreds of tlocks of sheep. 

Twenty i)ears were also found "weltering in their 
gore " on the field of battle, eighteen of which were 
drawn together and flung into a shaggy heap. Of 
deer, no less than two hundred and sixty were drawn 
together in the same manner. The hunters certainly 
could not comj)!ain that this was " not a good day 
for deer." As we have before mentioned, many of 
liiese fleet-footed foresters escaped, but Mr. Haines 
slated that he believed that all of the bears and wolves 
in the township were killed. At all events the hunt 
completely broke n[) the haunt of wolves which had 
previously existed there, and for a time, at least, there 
was [)eace for the neighboring sheep. 

There were other grand balluesoi the same descri}!- 
lion in and near the county, but the Hinckley hunt 
was the most celebrated and most successful of them 
all, and its description will suffice for either of the 
lit hers. 

In 18'i(( a sfeji farther in advance was made when 
a line of coaches was put on the route fi'oin Cleveland 
to Columbus, piissing through the townships of Brook- 
lyn, Parma, the corner of Royalton, Strongsville, 
and so on through Medina county. Those were dire- 
ful times for travelers. In summer the big coaches 
bowled along with comparative ease, save wiien one 
of the wheels jolted over the root of an overshadowing 
oak, or collided with the stump of a lately felled 
beech. Even these disturbances did not prevent the 
closely packed passengers from beguiling their way 
with many a pleasant tale, until " stage-coach stories '" 
have become renowned for their wit and jollity. In 
winter, too, by curling uj) in the bottom of the sleigh, 
surrounded with plenty of buffalo and bear skins, 
the travelers could generally manage to jierform 
their journey with considerable rapidity, and without 
more discomfort than an occasional " frosted" ear or 

But alas for the unfortunate man doomed to a 
stage-coach journey in the spring or fall. He was 
sure to be called ou to go on foot a large portion of 
the time, and was often expected to shoulder a rail 
and carry it from mudhole to mudhole, to pry out the 
vehicle in which he was in theory sujiposed to be rid- 
ing. "To go on foot and carry a rail," and to pay a 
stage company for the privilege, was a mode of trav- 
eling very widely celebrated but extremely unpleasant. 
Not only were roads poor but bridges were scarce. 
There was not one across the Cuyahoga river in the 
county. A notice was published in April, IS'IO, by 
which "all having an interest in or wishes concerning 
the building of a bridge across the river at or near 
Cleveland are requested to meet at the court-house, 
to consult in relation thereto." 

As a marked examijle of what must seem to our 
readers the extreme slowness with which the news was 
carried in those days, we may mention that while King 
George the Third, of England, died on the 20th day 
of January, 1830, the announcement of his death was 
not made in the Cleveland Heralil until the 38th of 
March, (two months lacking a day after the event 
took place). 

The commerce of the lake slowly but steadily in- 
crea.sed. The Herald of April 35, 1830, reported the 
following clearances at the " port of Cuyahoga" in a 
single week: Cleared; schooner "Fairplay," Johnson 
master, loaded with pork, flour, whisky and passen- 
gers; schooner " Commodore Perry," Tayler master, 
for Detroit, loaded with Hour, beef, cattle, etc.; 
schooner "American Eagle," Gaylord master, loaded 
with produce; schooner "Friendship," Kelly master, 
also loaded with produce. The arrival of some of the 
same vessels from Detroit was noted, but the nature 
of their cirgoes was not mentioned. 

It will be observed that flour is spoken of as going 
both up and down the lake. In the latter case it was 
doubtless used by the garrisons of the posts on the 
upper lakes, or by the settlers of Michigan who had 
not yet raised crops. This was about the beginning 
of the great trade in grain and breadstulis along the 
ui)per lakes, which has already grown to such enor- 
mous proportions. 

In this year (1830) the first legislative action was 
taken in regard to the construction of a canal from 
Lake Erie to the Ohio river. An act was passed by 
the legislature providing for the apjjointment of three 
canal commissioners, who were authorized to employ 
a competent engineer and assistants, for the purpose 
of making preliminary surveys of soiue of the routes 
considered most available for the proposed work. 

In 1833 Hon. Alfred Kelly, of Cleveland, was ap- 
pointed one of the canal commissioners, and for many 
years thereafter was l)usily and zealou.sly engaged in 
forwarding the construction of the canal, and in other 
public services. Hon. James Geddcs, of New York, 
one of the principal engineers of the Erie canal, was 
emjiloyed to make a survey of the routes of the Ohio 



Prices of all kinds of farm produce were exceeding- 
ly low; the following being a list of the prices paid in 
Cleveland in Januarj^, 1823: Flour, two dollars and 
a half per barrel; wheat, thirty-seven cents to fifty 
cents per bushel; rye, thirty-one cents; corn, twenty- 
five cents; oats, nineteen cents; beans, fifty cents; 
flax seed, fifty cents; peas, forty- four to fifty cents; 
rye, thirty-one cents; butter, eight to ten cents per 
pound; cheese, four to six cents; lard, four to five 
cents; pork, two to three and a half cents; beef, three 
to four cents; tallow, eight to ten cents; whisky, 
twenty to twenty-six cents jjer gallon; wood, thirty 
to fifty cents per cord; hay, six to seven dollars per 

It was pretty hard to raise wheat and sell it for 
tliirty-sevea cents a bushel, but ou the other hand 
with whisky only twenty cents a gallon the people 
were doubtless reasonably hapi)y. For there is no 
use in evading the unquestionable fact — the sturdy 
jiioneers who destroyed the wild beasts, leveled the 
forests and subdued the virgin soil of Cuyahoga 
county, were as a general rule decidedly fond of 
whisk}^ Every township had one or more distilleries, 
where the article was manufactured in the cheapest 
possible manner, and each had plenty of customers 
in its own vicinity. Whisky was aa important item 
at every "raising" or "logging-bee," or other assem- 
blage of the people, and was in frequent use in the 
houses of the most reputable classes. 

It should be remembered, however, that men who 
spent twelve hours a day chopping, logging, plowing, 
splitting rails, etc., could more easily "work off" the 
effect of frequent drams of li(|uor than could their 
degenerate descendants, who think eight hours consti- 
tutes a hard day's work, and many of whom do no 
hard work at all. 

General training was one of the occasions at which 
a liberal use of whisky was considered to be the proper 
thing, notwithstanding the requirements of discipline. 
The officers couldn't keep whisky out of camp, 
although there was an abundant supply of those dig- 
nitaries. This was a part of the ninth division, Ohio 
militia. Among the numerous notices and orders 
which appeared within a few months, in 1832, we 
observe one directing the members of the first com- 
l)any of cavalry, second brigade, ninth division, Ohio 
militia, to hold an election for company officers at the 
court-house; signed by the brigadier-general, per 
John W. Wiley, aide. Also one requiring the first 
artillery company of the first regiment, fourth brigade, 
etc., to meet to elect officers; signed by P. M. Wed- 
dell, captain. Another ordering the company officers 
of the first regiment, etc., to meet to elect a major; 
signed by P. Baldwin, colonel. 

A short time afterwards the following staif and 
non-commissioned-staff officers of the first regiment 
were announced by H. AVellman, colonel: Donald 
Mcintosh, surgeon; S. A. Henderson, surgeon's 
mate; Runey R. Baldwin, adjutant; John H. Camp, 
(|uartermaster; Horace Perry, paymaster; William 

S. Chapman, sergeant-major; John 0. Millard, fife- 
major; Barzilla B. Burk, drum-major. 

Capital of all kinds was scarce, and this fact of 
course retarded the general progress of the county. 
Yet the absence of large amounts of capital encour- 
aged men with a little money to embark in various 
small industries, in different parts of the county, 
which have now passed away. If a man wanted to 
start a little business of any kind, and had barely 
enougli to begin with, he could go ahead in compara- 
tive safety; there was no danger of any " bloated cap- 
italist" crushing out his enterprise by driving him 
into a hopeless competition. 

Tiius Leonard Marsilliott, of Euclid, for a long 
time maintained a stoneware factory in that township, 
which had a wide reputation for the excellence of its 
productions. A little later there was a ship and boat- 
building establishment in the same township, more 
fully described in the special history of Euclid. An- 
other industry of the period (1823, etc.) — a somewhat 
curious one — was a castor-oil factory, situated in tiie 
township of Brooklyn, a mile from Cleveland. That 
fragrant business, we imagine, has entirely passed 
away from the county. 

We now come to a material change in the western 
boundaries of Cuyalioga county. By a law j)assed on 
ttie 3Gth day of December, 1833, the county of Lorain 
■ was established. It embraced a large part of Huron 
county, and took from Cuyalioga the townsliips of 
Troy (now Avon), Ridgeville, Eaton, Columbia, and 
the west ])art of Lenox (now Olmstead). It will Ijc 
observed that Troy (Avon) and Ridgeville then ex- 
tended to Black river, which was the western bound- 
ary of Cuyahoga county. 

Tlie new county was not organized at that time, 
and tlie townships named in the last paragraph re- 
mained temporarily attached to Cuyahoga county. A 
list of tlie civil townships of the latter county, which 
appciired in October, 1833, was as follows: Cleveland, 
Chagrin (now Willoughby), Brooklyn, Brecksville, 
Bedford, Columbia, Dover, Euclid, Eaton, Independ- 
ence, Mayfield, Newburg, Orange, Ridgeville, Royal- 
ton, Rockport, Strougsville, Troy (Avon), and War- 
rensville. Nineteen in all; the same number as there 
are at present (aside from Cleveland) — the number of 
those which have been detached having been made 
good i)y new formations. 

On the first d;iy of April, 183-1. Lorain county was 
duly organized, and the territory above described was 
permanently detached from Cuyahoga county. The 
west half of Lenox (Olmstead) was then made a i)art 
of Ridgeville, Lorain county, while the east half was 
attaciied to Middleburg, Cuyahoga county. 

We said the territory in question was " perma- 
nently "detached from Cuyahoga count}'. That is 
to say, the detachment was intended to be permanent, 
but in regard to the west half of Lenox it was not so. 
The residents of Lenox were much dissatisfied with 
the decree which had cut their thriving young town- 
ship in twain, and had placed the severed halves in 




two different counties, and three years later they pro- 
ciirod the passage of an act, dated January 29, 1837, 
by whicli the west half of the townsliip in question 
was set back into Cuyahoga, whore the two portions, 
once more united, became the townsliip of Olmstuad, 
as narrated in its special iiistory. The facts men- 
tioned in this paragraph are a little in advance of the 
])i.'riod allotted to the present chapter, but we want to 
close the account in regard to the western boundary 
(if the county. No changes have been made in it 
I'nim the reannexation of the v.'cst half of Lenox to 
the present time. 

From a casual record we loani that the white males, 
over twenty-one years of age, resident in Cuyahoga 
county in 1823, numbered sixteen hundred and fifty- 
tive; an average of eighty-seven to each of the nine- 
teen townships. 

Another record of the same year mentions that the 
State had directed the laying out of a '"free road"' 
from Cleveland through Newburg, Bedford and 
Solon, and so on southeast, striking the Ohio river in 
Columbiana county. Samuel Cowles, Es((., of Cleve- 
land, was one of the commissioners to lay it out. 

The first movement was also made this year to 
turnpike the stage road running from Cleveland 
southwest through Brooklyn, Parma and Strongsvillc; 
and thence through Medina to Wooster, the county 
seat of Wayne county. A company was formed, 
called the Wayne, Medina and Cuyahoga Turnpike 
Comjiany, and in April, 1823, the books were opened 
to receive subscriptions to the stock. The move- 
ment was a success, and the turnjiike in question 
became one of the great highways of the State. 

By this time, thirteen years after the advent of Ur. 
David Long, the first physician in the county, the 
doctors of this aTid Medina counties (which, by a law 
of the State, constituted the nineteenth medical dis- 
trict of Ohio) had become sufficiently numerous to 
organize a medical society, and did so in May, 1823. 
Dr. Long w;us the first [iresident. 

In the autumn of 1824 took place the great quad- 
rangular contest for the presidency between Henry 
Clay, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and John 
C. Calhoun. The last named gentlenuin received no 
votes in this county. Of the others, strange as it 
may seem, Jackson received vei'y few votes; the 
strength of the county being divided between Clay and 
Adams, with the former as a decided favorite. The 
following table shows the vote by townships. The 
township of Chagrin (now Willoughby) was included 
in the list, casting iiiiiety-eight votes, but we have 
omitted it in order to show the number Ciist in the 
territory now ccHistituitng Cuyahoga county, except 
the west half of Olmstead, then attached to Lorain 
county, and containing but very few voters. 


Bedford 20 . 20 

Brooklyn S9 .5 .. 14 

Brecksville :i8 IS M 

Cleveland fi4 43 r, 11^ 

Dover Si II .. :« 

Euclid 38 75 10 V£l 

Independence ID ~ 21 

Slayfield 14 1 ir. 

Middleburg 13 Mi 

Newburg .57 4!l I'Hi 

Orange '..''-J 'H 

Roukport iili 1 '.i? 

Royalton +4 . . II 

Stningsville Si 1 -H 

\Vanen.sville 4 la 4 a) 

Aggregate -l-W 21S 25 085 

It will, perhaps, surjirLse some of our readers to 
learn that as late as 1821 the township of Euclid cast 
seventeen votes (about fifteen per cent.) more than 
Cleveland, but such was the fact. While the agri- 
cultural townships made steady jirogress after the 
war of 1812, the growth of Cleveland was >3.\tremely 
slow down to the year 182.">. It should be remembered, 
however, that Euclid at ihat time ineliuled the 
greater part of tlie present towiislii[) of East Cleve- 

In this year (1821) an act was passed directing the 
laying out of another State road; running from 
Cleveland through Warrensville and Orange, and 
thence nearly due east to Kinsman, on the eastern 
line of the State. It was called the Kinsman road, 
and the westernmost part of it is now known as 
Kinsman street, in the city of Cleveland. 

The winter of 182-1-5 was celebrat.ed for its mild- 
ness, and the Cleveland Herald of December 8tli re- 
cords that violets, pinks and marigolds were then in 
bloom, that pea vines had pods half-grown u[ion them, 
and most remarkable of all that rij)e strawberries, 
grown in the open air, had lately been liroiighl- into 
the office. 

During the previous five years engineers had been 
at work, more or less, making prelimiiuiry surveys 
for the great Ohio canal. Pui)lic opinion, too, had 
been steadily growing more favorable to the proposed 
enterprise, and at length, on the 4th of Fel)ruaiy, 
1825, a law was passeil authorizing the canal com- 
missioners to build a canal along the Scioto and Musk- 
ingum valleys, and thence north to Lake Erie. The 
commissioners were left free to choose, as to the 
northern part, between the route by the Cuyahoga 
valley to Cleveland, and that through Wooster, and 
down the valley of Black river to its mouth. 'I'lie 
seven commissioners (of whom Alfred Kelley, of 
Cleveland, was one of the most infiuential), reported 
in favor of the superior cheapness and convenience of 
the Cuyahoga route, and it was formally adopted. 

This oiiens a new era in the history of the coufity, 
and wc will, therefore, at this point begin a new 





Work bej^uD on the Canal— Growth of Cleveland— Completion of Erie 
Canal—First Appropriation for Harbor— The " Superior "—Increasing 
Business— *■ Black Salts "—Cleveland an<l Newburg —Contest over 
Court-House- Cleveland Successful— Erecting New Court House — 
" The Blue Jug"— Cuyahoga County Coloniz ition Society— The Canal 
opened to Akron— Celebration under Difficulties- Trade with the 
Northwest— A County Wolf-Bounty— Horse Thieves and Counter- 
feiters— Discount on Bank Bills- Hard Times for Creditors— Rails at 
Ten Cents Each— Sale of Western Reserve School Lands— I/and begins 
to rise- Laying out of Ohio City— Modest Railroads— Others not so 
Modest— The Ohio Railroad— The Cleveland, Cincinnati and Columbus 
Road— The Cleveland, Warren and Pittsburg Road— The "Flush 
Times "—Immense Increase of Paper Money— Inflation of Values — 
Special Speculation on the Cuyahoga— The Climax in 1S30— The Great 
Crash in 1837-Failure of Banks and Individuals- Stoppage of Public 
Works— 'Hard Times "—The Patriot War— Deer feeding with the 

Work was speedily commenced at various jioints 
along tlie route of tlie canal; ground being broken at 
Cleveland on the 4th of July, 1825. At that time 
begins the rapid growth of Cleveland. Though laid 
out nearly thirty years before, it was in 1825 a mere 
village of five or si.x hundred inhabitants; but from 
the beginning of the Ohio canal to the present time 
its growth has been one of the marvels even of the 
marvelous West. 

In the autumn of the same year the Erie canal was 
completed, and boats were set running between 
Albany and Buffalo. This opened a market for those 
agricultural productions of northern Ohio which could 
reach the lake, and a decided improvement in jirices 
was the result. In this year, also, the first appropri- 
ation was made by the general government for a 
harbor at Cleveland. The circumstances connected 
with its construction are given in detail in the history 
of the city. 

The "Walk-in-the- Water" liad been wrecked, but 
a new steamer, the "Superior," had taken its place. 
In 1830 the "Henry Clay" came out, and from that 
time there was a very rapid growth of the steam 
marine on Lake Erie. 

All these things greatly increased the travel over 
the roads of Cuyahoga county. Not only were 
the farmers of the county eager to reach a port 
where they could exchange their productions for 
imi)orted articles, but the slow Pennsylvania Gei'mans 
of northeastern Ohio, in large numbers, drove their big 
wagons, with enormously-wide tires, over the muddy 
roads through Orange, Solon, Warrensville, Bedford, 
Ncwbtirg, etc., to the mouth of the Cu3'ahoga; inquir- 
ing there for " de John Blair vat kips de vite fishes," 
a favorite dealer of the olden time. There they 
unloaded their flour and wheat, and loaded up with 
fish, "salt, etc. Sometimes three barrels of flour were 
given for one barrel of salt. 

By this time the manufacture of "black salts," 
potash and pearlash had become an important indus- 
try. The clearing of the land of timber furnished 
an immense quantity of ashes on nearly every farm; 
for even those who had (piite old locations were con- 
stantly clearing off new lots. The ashes being 

leached, the ley was boiled down into a dark solid, 
known as "black salts." This was usually sold to 
the owner of a local ashery, frequently the village 
merchant, who made it into potash or pearlash and 
sent it east for sale. It conld be transported at slight 
expense, and would always bring cash at some ])rice: 
conse(iueutly many a farmer who could only trade his 
wheat or oats for "store-pay" of some kind, was 
obliged to depend on his " black salts" for the money 
to pay his taxes, and for a few other necessary ex- 
penses which must be met with cash. 

By 183G the people had become satisfied that anew 
court-house was indispensable for the rising business 
of the county. As on the erection of the first one in 
1812, so again, there was a sharp dispute whether the 
new one should be located at Cleveland or Newburg. ji 

For a long time the latter had been superior to the |l 
former in population, business and prosperity. Cleve- 
land was now increasing much the more rapidly, and 
bade fair to be an important place, yet Newburg was 
more centrally located, and a large pro[)ortiou of the 
inhabitants favored the removal of the county-seat to 
that point. 

The j)ower to make the location was vested in the 
county commissioners. One of these died, and of the 
two others, one favored Cleveland and one Newburg 
as the county seat. An election to fill the vacancy 
came off iu 1836. It turned entirely on the county- 
seat (piestion, one candidate being a friend of Cleve- 
land and one of Newburg, and a very hot contest was 
the result. The Cleveland man was elected by a 
small majority. 

The ne-xt year, 1837, a new, brick court-house was 
begun, situated in the southwest part of the public 
square at Cleveland, across the street from the front 
of the present Forest City House. It Avas comjiletcd 
in 1838, and the first court w;is held in it on the 38th 
of October in that year. This was the .scene of the 
administration of justice for Cujahoga county for 
thirty j'ears. It was a two-story brick building, with 
a wooden cupola, standing with its face toward the 
lake, and was considered a very elegant structure. 
The lower story was divided into rooms for the ac- 
commodation of the various county ofBcers, while the 
upper story served as a court room. 

Fourj'ears later a substantial stone jail was erected 
on the ground south of the southwest corner of the 
square; being in rear of the court-house and across 
the street from it. This was a gloomy-looking struc- 
ture, and was commonly called " The Blue Jug." 

Among the events of fifty years ago, one which 
now seems separated by an immense gulf from the 
ideas of the present day was the organization, in 
1837, of the Cuyahoga County Colonization Society; 
a branch of the national institution of that name, de- 
signed to promote the removal of the colored people 
to Africa. It was generally considered to be favor- 
able to their freedom, as it was supjiosed that many 
Southerners would be willing to emancipate their 
slaves if assured that they would not remain in the 



country; yet the strong aliolitionists were decidedly 
ojiposod to it. 

At the meeting for tlio ]inr])oso of organizutinn, 
ill tliis county, an address was delivered by the Uev. 
William Stone, and a in'ayer hy the K'ev. S. J. Hrad- 
strect. Samuel Cowles, Es(|., was chosen president; 
Rev. Randoliih Stone, Hon. Neniiah Allen, Datus 
Kellcy, Josiah Barber and Gen. Lewis R. Dille, vice 
presidents; A. W. Walworth, treasurer; James S. 
('larke, secretary, and Mordeeai Hartley, delegate to 
tlu? natiomil society. 

On the Fourth of July in this year, (1837,) just, two 
years after ground was broken on the Ohio canal at 
Cleveland, it was technically "opened for naviga- 
tion" from Cleveland to Akron with a grand celebra- 
tion. It was opened under difficulties, however; for 
the two northernmost locks, which connected the 
canal with the Cuyahoga river at Cleveland, were not 
yet conii)leted. 

But Noble H. Merwin, of the last named jilace, 
was determined that there should be a big celebration, 
not only over the canal hut on the cansd, on the 
Fourth of July of that year. So lie had the canal- 
paeket "Pioneer" brought from Buffalo, took it uj) 
the river above the locks, and hauled it with teams 
over the embankment into the canal. Thence a large 
jiarty of the principal people of Cleveland went up 
the canal on the " I'ioneer," till they met the boat 
"Allen Trimble," from Akron, having on board the 
person for whom it was named, who was then gov- 
ernor of Ohio, together with the canal commission- 
ers and many others from the central jjarts of the 
S tate. 

Flags lluttered gayly in the breeze, cannon thun- 
deri'd their boisterous welcome, speeches full of ro.seate 
pri)|)hesy were made, and all were iiitensely enthusi- 
astic over the great event of the day. Such enthusi- 
asm over such a cause may seem overstrained in these 
fast times, when railroads have absin-bed nearly all 
the commerce of this region, and the canals are 
looked on as extremely old fogyish institutions. 
.Nevertheless the Fourth day of July, 1837, was a great 
day for northern Ohio. An immense tract, previ- 
ously almost entirely isolated, was j)i-ovided with the 
means of transporting its produce to the markets of 
the Fast, and every kind of business showed an im- 
mciliate inul very nnirked improvement in consc- 
c|U('iice. It is doubtful if railroads would have been 
built as soon as they were, had not the wealth of the 
country first been largely increased by the construc- 
tion of canals. 

The Ohio canal was coin|il('ted Ihrough the State 
in tive years afterward, and iis increased business 
nearly all poured through Cuyahoga county to seek 
Lake Erie. 

Bt'sides the trade with the East, whicli was so rap- 
idly being developed at this period, there was also a 
strong dennind for breadstuff s and other articles to 
send to the distant regions of the Northwest, which 
the farmers farther up the lakes were unable to sup- 

ply. In 1837 the Hudson Bay Company advertised 
for a thousand linshels of white, flint corn, two hun- 
dred bushels of other corn, and two hundred barrels 
of flour, besides considerable rpumtities of salt, pork, 
tallow, tobacco, highwines, etc. Large quantities of 
produce were also sent to emigrants in Michigan 
and other Territories, who had not yet raised erojis 
large enough for their own support. 

Notwithstanding all this commercial activity, and 
notwithstanding the zeal of the pioneers with their 
rifles, wolves still glided through the forest in many 
townships, and made rapid slaughter upon any un- 
guarded sheep they could discover. In 1837 the 
county commissioners offered a bounty of fifteen dol- 
lar? for the scalp of every wolf slain in the county. 
Many of the townships also gave from five to ten dol- 
lars jier sealj), so that wolf-hunting was sometimes 
quite a profitable business. 

Crimes, too, were not nnknown in those "good old 
times," to which so many look back with fond regret 
as to an F^lysian age. Perhaps there were not as 
many high-toned criminals — oHicial defaulters and 
gentlemanly murderers — as there are now, but good, 
plain thieves were as plentiful as any reasonable per- 
son could desire. The more daring class devoted 
themselves largely to horse-stealing, and throughout 
the West the professors of that art were united in a 
great fraternity, members of which, of apparently re- 
spectable character, were to be found in nearly every 
township. Many a horse, which suddenly left its 
owner's pasture in the dark and was followed with hue 
and cry l>y himself and his neighbors, went no farther 
than the next township, where it quietly kept till 
the storm had blown over, in the stable of some re- 
spectable justice of the j)cace or venerable deacon of 
the church. 

The less courageous or more skillful rascals usually 
devoted themselves to the manufaeliire of counterfeit 
money. The "dollar of our fathers" was very apt 
to l)e a bogus article. Tlicrc were reported to be 
places where bad money was coined in Brecksville, in 
Royalton, in Middleiinrg, and doubtless in other 
secluded localities. The machinery of the Middle- 
burg institution was found, long after it had been 
abandoned, on a small island in the midst of a large 
swamp in that township. Counterfeit half-dollars 
were the favorite productions of these nnlawfnl mints, 
though other silver coins were frequently imitated. 
It was said that large orders for bad silver came from 
Pennsylvania, where no bank-bills of less than five 
dollars were allowed to circulate. Prosecutions were 
extremely ditticult, as the criminals were frequently 
men of some local and political influence, and "straw 
bail" was readily aeceiited by the officials. 

Wedo not learn so much about counterfeiting liank- 
bills in those days; partly, doubtless, because that 
business re(piired more expense and skill than was 
available in this region, and partly because Ohio bank 
bills were so poor that it was not very profitable to 
counterfeit them. The ordinary discount on them iu 


genp:ral history op cityahoga county. 

1830 was from twenty-five to thirty per cent., and in 
some cases it was much larger. A respectable rascal 
would naturally be ashamed to counterfeit such 
money as that. 

Debts against individuals were frequently even less 
valuable than these heavily discounted bank-bills. 
We have noticed in a previous chapter that a repre- 
sentative from Cuyahoga county made the first 
movement ever made — so far as known — looking to 
the abolition of imprisonment for debt. By 1830 
Ohio had gone to the extreme of liberality toward 
debtors, and by means of stay-laws and provisions 
for appraisals had made it almost impossible to collect 
an account under any circumstances. 

A Cleveland merchant had a claim of seventy- 
five dollars against a resident of Middleburg. Being 
unable to collect it, he sued it, obtained a judgment 
and directed a Middleburg constable to sell the per- 
sonal pi-operty of the defendant. At the time fixed 
for the sale the Clevelander went out on horseback 
to attend it. By law the constable was authorized to 
appraise the property at what he might consider a 
reasonable price, and below which it could not be 
sold. When the creditor arrived, he found tiiat the 
complaisant official had appraised an old watch, worth 
about five dollars, at twenty dollars; a dog, probably 
worth five cents, at ten dollars; a lot of rails at ten 
cents each, and other things in proportion. Of 
course a sale was impossible, as no oiie would bid 
half of the appraised value, and the unlucky creditor 
returned ijome in disgust; the only result of the trip 
being that his liorse had torn off, on the corduroy 
which formed a large portion of the I'oad, three 
of the four new shoes which guai'ded his feet on 

Among the various cessions of laud occurring in 
connection with the final settlement of the title to 
tiie Northwestern Territory, congress assigned fifty- 
six thousand acres in what was known as the Virginia 
Military District, for the benefit of the schools of the 
Western Reserve. In 1831, Harvey Rice, Esq., of 
Cleveland, was appointed an agent by the State to 
convert them into money. He opened an office at 
Millersburg, Holmes county, in the district in ques- 
tion, and in three years sold all the lands and paid 
into tlie treasury of the State about a Iiundred and 
fifty tliousand dollars, to be devoted to the exclusive 
purpose of educating the children of the Western Re- 

By 1831, land liegan to rise throughout the country, 
in consequence of the stimulus supplied by internal 
imj)rovements, especially canals, which were being 
constructed in numerous localities. The rise was 
especially noticeable wherever it was supposed that a 
city might be constructed, and the point at the mouth 
of the Cuyahoga was not neglected. An association 
of Buffalonians, known as the Buffalo Company, 
bought a tract on the west side of the river, and soon 
afterwards "Ohio City" was laid out at that point. 
Farmers, too, began to think that they were to be- 

come wealthy by the rise of their land, and at every 
little village, especially along the canals and rivers, 
people began to discuss the probability of the con- 
struction of a large town there. 

In 1833, the Ohio canal was finished from Lake 
Erie to the Ohio river, and its commerce ra})idly in- 
creased to large proportions. In two years after its 
completion the freight carried upon it amounted to 
half a million bushels of wheat, a hundred thousand 
barrels of flour, a million pounds of butter and near 
seventy thousand pounds of cheese, with other things 
in proportion. Even this would not be considered 
very remarkable now, but at that time it made the 
people stare with wonder and filled their minds with 
hopes of unlimited riches. 

In 1834 a proposition was made to incorporate a 
city which should include both Cleveland and Ohio 
City, but the leading men on the two sides of the 
river were unable to agree on the terms of union or 
the boundaries, and the whole project fell through. 

In 1835 the first railroad, the Cleveland and New- 
burg, was incorporated in the count}'. It was built 
soon afterwards, and was operated for several years, 
tliongh only Ijy horse power ; being used for hauling 
stone and lumber, and occasionally for the carriage of 
passengers. The Cleveland and Bedford railroad was 
also incorporated the same year, but was never built. 

It will be seen that the first beginnings of railroad- 
ing in this region were very modest, and such were 
generally its characteristics throughout the country. 
People planned canals hundreds of miles in length, 
and constructed tiiem according to the plans, but 
railroads were awe-inspiring undertakings, and men 
usually built them from one village to the next one ; 
if that operation worked well tiiey extended the work 
to another village, and so on. But in this wide-awake 
region they soon grew more enterprising; as will 
speedily be seen. 

Another cautious attempt at railroading was made 
about the same time by constructing a tramway, with 
wooden rails and operated by horse-power, running 
from the public square at Cleveland uji Euclid street, 
(avenues were then unknown,) and out on the Euclid 
road, four miles, to the " Doan's Corners'' of tlie early 
settlers, which "high-toned" people then began to 
call " East Cleveland." 

But the tide of enterprise and even of reckless 
speculation was rapidly rising, and a much more am- 
bitious project, rather an exception to the usual rail- 
road enterprises of the day, was soon set on foot. 
Tliis was the '* Ohio Railroad," designed to run from 
the Pennsylvania line to Toledo, close along the lake 
shore ; a large part of it being intended to be on piles. 
Considerable work was done on it, but no iron was 
laid, and it was abandoned at the time of the great 
crash which will be mentioned a little farther on. Its 
corporate rights were transferred to the Junction Rail- 
road Company, and through it to the Cleveland and 
Toledo, and finally to the Lake Shore and Southern 
Michigan Company. 


At the same prolific period a project was started for 
a railroad from Cleveland to Cincinnati. The late 
Hon. John Barr visiled Cincinnati, getting up [)eti- 
tioius in favor of the road, and also spent considerable 
lime at ('olunilnis. The legislature of 1830 readily 
granted a charter for the proj)osed road, and also one 
for the Cleveland, Warren and Pittsburg road, and 
Mr. Uarr brought the first copies of both charters to 
Cleveland. The last mentioned road was to run from 
Cleveland through Warren to the State line, connect- 
ing there with a road to Pittsburg, or to any other 
jjoint on the Ohio river. 

Its charter was extremely liberal, and is a good 
specimen of the kind of legislation prevalent in those 
halcyon days. It allowed the i)resident and directors 
to create and sell stock as in their judgment the occa- 
sion might require, without limit as to amount, except 
that it must not exceed the needs of the company. 
They had also full power to select a route, condemn 
land, occupy the road, and transport persons or prop- 
erty by steam, animal or other power. The projectors 
were as modest in the estimate of cost, however, as 
eciuld well be desired. They calculated the expense at 
seven thousand dollars per mile, though in fact it wiis 
more likely to have been twenty thousand. 

These were the celebrated "flush times; " the period 
when speculation raged more fiercely — when every 
one got richer on paper — than was ever the case in the 
United States either before or since. John Law's 
Mississippi scheme and South Sea bubble, as exploit- 
ed among the excitable French, could alone outdo the 
great land-speculation and business-sjiecnlation of 
1835, '30 and '37. 

The closing of the United States Hank had lieen 
followed by the chartering of an iniinense number of 
Slate banks, some of which had a small amount of 
ea|iilal, more of which had a still smaller amount, 
and most of which had substantially no capital at all. 
In the West and South t liis was peculiarly the case, 
lliough the F'iast was liy ini means free from it. Tlu^ 
pdnrer a region was the more banks it had. Their 
paper was accepted cvei-ywhere with the most sublime 
contidenee; private credit was almost unlimited, busi- 
ness was going ahead at a tremendous rati^, and evcry- 
liody was getting rich — in imagination — with unpar- 
alleled speed. Eras of inflation, somewhat similar in 
general eliai-aeter lo that one, have been known since 
then, but iiDiu' that apprnaeheil it in the degree of 

Of course any place marked out liy nature for the 
site of a great city was, with its vicinity, the scene of 
an especial energy of s|>ecnlation. The location at 
the nnnith "f the Cuyahoga was not only thus desig- 
nated b\ nal lire, but, by the construction of the canal, 
ha<l bi'eii uunle in the eyes of the public the future 
great city nf iKirthern ( Ihio. 

This was enough. It made no dilTerence to the 
speculators that northern Ohio could not then sustain 
a large city; that there was neither agriculture, nian- 
ufactures nor even eomuierce to produce such a re- 


suit. Their own roseate hopes colored everything 
on which they looked, and they saw the few thou- 
sand jx'ople already there expanding to a hundred 
thousand with unspeakable rapidity; while stately 
churches, palatial residences and six-story business 
blocks should overshadow the turbid waters and 
adorn the rolling uplands of the Cuyahoga. Those 
of them who lived long did see all this, but not then. 

The climax of tlie speculation was in 183fJ. Not 
only in C!leveland, but to a less degree in every little 
village throughout the county, people expected to 
make their fortune by buying land, holding it a year 
or two, and selling it at ten or twenty times the pur- 
chase price; even the farmers were not free from the 
infection. Produce of every kind emulated the bal- 
loon-like tendency of real estate. The whole coun- 
try, (and especially the tract on the main line of com- 
munication between the East and the West, which 
then as now ran along the southern shore of Lake 
Erie), was in a ferment of unlimited money-iuakino- 
on paper, and debt-making in fact. 

In 1837 the crash came. The inllatiou by means of 
plentiful but baseless pajier money had been carried as 
far as it could, and the bubble burst. Nearly all the 
banks in the country speedily went down under the 
storm. Private credit was found ecjually valueless. 
The whole country staggered under the blow, but of 
course it was felt with the greatest severity in the 
West, where there was but little accumulated capital 
to withstand such a shock, and where the enthusiastic 
nature of the people had caused them to plunge most 
deeply into the tide of speculation. 

Nearly eveiy business man in Cuyahoga countv 
failed. All the great railroad enterprises of which 
we have spoken — the Ohio railroad, the Cleveland, 
Warren and Pittsburg road, and the Cleveland, 
Columbus and Cincinnati road — stopped as if smitten 
with paralysis, and not a stroke of work was done 
upon them fm- years afterward. Numerous buildings 
in town and country, in various stages of progress, 
stayed their upward course when the financial col- 
lapse palsied their owners' hands, and long remained, 
ab.-mdoned and unfinished, "the mournriil nmnu- 
luents of their intended greatness." 

The period was long afterward designated as jjar 
excellence "The Hard Times," and no one ever dis- 
puted the propriety of the appellation. Other times 
have been " hard," but, no others have approached in 
adamanliiie solidity the dreadful jn'riod from 1837 to 

Ouring the winter of 1837-8 there was great excite- 
ment- along the whole northern frontier in relation to 
what was known as the Patriot war — the effort of a 
snnill i)ortion of the Canadians to sever the Canadas 
from the mother country. The few " ])atriots "' 
depended i)rincipally on the assistance they received 
from sympathizers ou this side. On both the Niagara 
and the Detroit frontiers there was a good deal of 
mustering and nuirching, and a very little fighting, 
and even in this vicinity, uotwitiistanding the inter- 



vention of the lake, tliore were a good many efforts 
to afford aid to those whom a majority of onr people 
looked upon as battling in the cause of freedom. 
Henry H. Dodge, of Cleveland, was elected by the 
legislature major general of the ninth division of the 
Ohio militia, and especially charged with the main- 
tenance of order along the frontier. His delicate, if 
not ardnous, duties were discharged in a manner en- 
tirely satisfactory to both the governor of Ohio and 
the authorities of Canada. There being a sad lack 
of rebels in Canada, the rebellion was easily extin- 
guished in 1838, and amid more exciting events soon 
almost passed from the memory of tlic busy people on 
this side. 

Although, as before stated, the period from 1825, 
and in fact from 1815, down to 1837, was one of 
rapid development throughout the country, yet evi- 
dences were frequently seen that the wilderness was 
not yet quite numbered among the things of the past. 
Capt. Lewis Dibble, of Cleveland, mentions seeing a 
deer near where Willson avenue now is, in 1837, or 
later. Discovering the presence of man, he bounded 
away, sailed gracefully over the fences and dashed 
away into the woods. Still later, Capt. Dibble men- 
tions seeing deer feeding among the cows in Euclid. 
In the more retired townships, such as Middleburg, 
Olmstead, Solon, etc., not only deer but bears and 
wolves were still occasionally slain by adi'oit hunters. 

II A P T E R X I V. 

THE PEKIOD FKOM 1840 TO 1861. 

Beginning to recover— Anger at the Pai-ty in Power — Formation of 
Lake County — Its Area — The Water Part of Cuj-ahoga County — 
Population in 1840 — The Log-Cabin Campaign — A Fugitive Slave 
Case — Changes of Bounilary on the Line of Orange— Alfred Kelley — 
Railroad Talk revived- A Vote of Aid— The C. C. & C. Road reor- 
ganized — The Junction Railroad— The Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland 
Road— Dark Pi'ospects — The Cleveland, Painesville and Ashtabula 
Road— Great Days for Steamboats— List of the Principal Steamers 
in 1850- Later Steamers — Propellers — Stage Coaches — End of the 
Hunting and Log-House Period — Population in 1850 — Opening the 
First Railroad — Other Enterprises go forward — Direct Trade with 
Europe— A Fleet from Cuyahoga County— American Skill— The Panic 
of 1857- The Census of 1800— Origin of the Celebration of Per. y's Vic- 
tory — The Contract— The Scidptor-Invitations— Governors Sprague 
and Dennison — Immense Crowds — The Military Companies — The Ora- 
toi-s of the Day — Distinguished Persons Pi-esent— The Monument and 
Statue — Masonic Ceremonies— The Mock Battle — The Military Review 
—The last great Peaceful Gathering— The Political Campaign— The 
Events of the Winter. 

By the spring of the year 1840 the people liegan to 
recover, though only slowly, from the disastrous finan- 
cial reverse of 1837. They were still sore and angry 
over the sudden collapse of the wind-inflated moun- 
tain of supposed wealth on which they had perched 
themselves, and were prepared to visit with condign 
punishment the Democratic party, under whose rule 
it had occurred; partly because that party was held 
responsible for the destruction of the old Uniteil 
States Bank and the chartering of so many worth- 
less State banks, and partly because the party in 

power is always condemned, on general principles, 
for whatever disasters may occur while it holds the 
reigns of government. 

On the 20th day of March, 1840, the county of 
Lake was formed, principally from Geauga county, 
but including the township of Chagrin, (now Wil- 
loughby,) in this county. This was an extraordinary 
example of the eagerness of at least a portion of the 
people for new counties and new offices. The consti- 
tution of the State required that every county should 
have an area of at least four hundred square miles. 
To give the proposed county of Lake such an extent, 
it was necessary not only to take Willoughby from 
Cuyahoga, but to estimate as a part of the constitu- 
tional area that part of the surface of Lake Erie lying 
between the water-front of Geauga county and the 
boundary between the United States and Canada. 
This was decided to be technically a part of Geauga 
county, and by that method the area of the county 
was inflated to the desired amount. 

So it will be remembered that Cuyahoga embraces, 
not only the tract of about four hundred and fifty 
square miles of land usually included within its lim- 
its, but another tract of not less than a thousand 
square miles of water, with all that lies above it and 
below it, as far as man can ascend or descend. 

By the census of 1840 the population of Cuyahoga 
was twenty-five thousand, five hundred and forty-two, 
divided among the various townships as follows: 
Cleveland, 7037; Mayfield, 852; Orange, 1114; Solon, 
774; Euclid, 1774; Warrensville, 1085; Bedford, 2021; 
Newburg, 1342; Independence, 754; Brecksville, 1124; 
Brooklyn, 1409; Parma, 0G5; Royalton, 1051; Rock- 
port, 1151; Middleburg, .331); Strongsville, 1151; Do- 
ver, l)(iO; Olmstead, 059. 

The summer and autumn of 1840 were long re- 
membered as the time of the celebrated "log-cabin" 
campaign in favor of General Harrison. The West- 
ern Reserve was one of the strongholds of Whiggery, 
and a very large majority of the voters of Cuyahoga 
county were enthusiastic supporters of Harrison. 
They joined witii immense zest in the numerous jubi- 
lant demonstrations characteristic of that campaign, 
and when the great celebration was held on the bat- 
tle field of Tippecanoe nearly half the men in the 
county turned out to attend it. So strong was the 
iwpular feeling, and so eager was the desire to see the 
celebration, that even the Democrats made the pil- 
grimage in organized bodies, sharing in the marches 
and maneuvers of their Whig brethren, but drawing 
aside and resuming their party fealty as they reap- 
proaehed their homes. Cuyahoga gave a large major- 
ity of her votes for General Harrison, wlio, as is well 
known, was triumphantly elected. 

The situation of Cleveland, as the principal port on 
the south shore of Lake Erie, made Cuyahoga county 
a natural resort for slaves seeking to escape from both 
Kentucky and Virginia. Down to 1841 slave owners 
were in the habit of sending their agents to Cleveland, 
who caused they accused of being runaways to 

TUE I'EIUOD FKOM 1840 TO 18(J1. 


be arrested and takeu before a magistrate, wlien a war- 
rant was issued, almost as a matter of fonii, ami they 
were taken to the State of tlic claimanl. 

In the spring of 18-41 three negroes, supposed to 
have esca{)ed from New Orleans were found iu I5nf- 
falo, wheuee they were kidnajiped, brought to Cleve- 
land, arrested under the old law of the United States, 
and thrown into jail. Edward Wade and John A. 
Foot, two of the few Abolitionists in the city, applied 
for admission to see them and were refused. Thomas 
l>olton, (afterwards Judge Bolton,) a prominent law- 
yer, indignant at this violation of justice, made the 
same re(|uesl, and, not being an Abolitionist, was at 
once admitted. lie consuUed with the negroes, and 
announced his intention of defending them. So 
strong was the feeling against anything that could bo 
called Abolitionism that much indignation was cx- 
l)ressed against Mr. Colton in consc<iueuce, and there 
was even talk of tearing down his olKce. 

With undaunted firmneS'j, however, he persisted in 
his course, showed up the iniquity of the proceedings 
in relation to the kidnapj>ing, and procured the dis- 
charge of the negroes. The event had a great effect 
in breaking up the habit of sending off negroes with- 
out an investigation, and for twenty years no more 
slaves were taken back to the South from Cuyahoga 

On the 2!lth day of January, 1841, lots seventeen, 
eighteen and nineteen, in the southwest corner of the 
township of Russell, in (Jeauga county, were annexed 
to Orange, in this county; the object being to include 
the wiiole of the rising village of Chagrin Falls, which 
had previously been cut in two, almost in the center, 
l)y the county line. At the same time a strip ninety 
rods wide, lying along the north half of the oast line 
of Orange, was annexed to liussell as a compensation 
for the former transfer. On the 11th of January, 
1843, the strip just mentioned was reannexed to 
Orange, this being the last change in the much-dis- 
torted boundaries of Cuyahoga county. 

So iicavy were the burdens caused by unwise 
s])eculation and financial disaster, and so eager were 
ilemagogues, then as now, to seek [lopularity by 
plundering the public creditor, that tiiere was a strong 
feeling in the legislature of 184"-i in favor of repudi- 
ating the debt of the State. Me.mwhile an instal- 
ment of interest was coming due, and there was no 
money in tho treasury to pay it with. lion. Alfred 
Kelley, of Cleveland, who was then State; fund-commis- 
sioner, went to New York and raised half a million 
dollars on his own security, to meet the payment. 

For several years after tiie great crash of 1837 the 
jieople of Cuyahoga county were willing to plod 
along very quietly; only striving that if possible they 
might recover from that tremendous shock. But 
al)out 1844 they began to talk about railroads again. 
In that year Hon. John Barr wrote a sketch of Cleve- 
land and a description of its trade, for the Natioiial 
llcvit'w, i)ublished in New York. 

In 1845 Cleveland voted to loan its credit for two 

hundred thousand dollars, to aid in building a 
railroad to Cincinnati, and for one hundred thousand 
dollars to build one to Erie. The same year the 
charter of the Cleveland, Warren and Pittsburg road 
was revived; the directors being authorized to build 
it on the nearest and most practicable route from 
Cleveland to the Ohio river. 

The old, lapsed charter of the Cleveland, Colum- 
bus and Cincinnati project was also revived, and a 
new company was organized, with Hon. J. W. Allen, 
of Cleveland, as president, and Richard Uilliard, 
John M. Woolsey and H. B. Payne as the other 
Cleveland directors. The act reviving the charter 
contained a clause permitting the city of Cleveland 
to subscribe two million dollars to the stock of the 
company. This was promptly done, but private sub- 
scriptions were slow and few, and the prospects of 
the enterprise were not at all brilliant. 

In March, 1846, the Junction railroad company 
was incorporated, with an imaginary capital of three 
million dollars, and authorized to build a road from 
the Cleveland to the west line of the State, on such 
route iis might be chosen. 

About the same time the Toledo, Norwalk and 
Cleveland railroad company was incorporated, with 
authority to build a road from Toledo by Norwalk to 
connect with the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincin- 
nati road in either Huron or Lorain county. 

In 1847, so dark was the prospect that it was 
almost determined to abandon the Cleveland, Colum- 
bus and Cincinnati road for a time. Its friends, 
however, made a desperate rally; H. B. Payne and R. 
Uilliard volunteering to work three months for its 
interest. Tho late Leonard Case subscribed five hun- 
dred thousand dollars; sixty-five thousand dollars was 
obtained from other sources, and the friends of the 
road determined to stand by their colors. The next 
year a contract to build the road from Cleveland to 
Columbus was let to llarbeck. Stone and Witt; that 
being the largest contract which had then been made 
by any party or firm in the United States. 

The next year, 1848, an act was pa.ssed incorjwr- 
ating the Cleveland, Painesville and Ashtabula com- 
pany to build a road from Cleveland to the Pennsyl- 
yania line, and iu 1849 it was surveyed. 

Thus the county aiijiroaches the end of the first 
half of this century, with its inhabitants almost as 
excited as they were in the "flush times," though 
with a much more solid basis for their hopes. Four 
important railroads, intended to concentrate at Cleve- 
land and to traverse all parts of the county, were iu 
various stages of progress, but none were completed. 
Tills seems a proper time, therefore, to take a glance 
at the county as it was before the days of railroads. 

These were the great days of steandioats on the 
water and of stage coaches on land. From the time 
the ice w;us out of the lake in the spring till the time 
it came back in the autumn there was hardly an hour 
in which two or three stately white steamers, with 
their trailing crests of smoke, were not to be seen 



crossing bhe watery portion of Cuyahoga county. 
From the East to the West they went loaded with pas- 
sengers. From the West to the East they carried some 
passengers and some freight — tliough the time of car- 
rying hirge quantities of grain and otlier freight hy 
steamboat had not yet come. Western produce was 
generally carried east in sloops, schooners and brigs, 
the white sails of whicli were to be seen swelling 
gracefully before the wind, as the deeply laden hulls 
jiloughed through the waters of the county. 

Many of these steamers were of great size, and 
were fitted up with palatial magnificence. The fol- 
lowing is a list of the principal ones which were on 
Lake Erie in 1850, with the tonnage, origin and fate 
of each, taken substantially from a pamphlet called 
Marine History of the Luke Ports, published at De- 
troit in 1877: 

" De Witt Clinton," of four hundred and ninety- 
three tons; built at Iliinjn in ISIJil; sunk at Dunkirk 
in 1851. 

"Hliuois" (First), of seven hundred and fifty-five 
tons ; built at Detroit in 1837; lost on Lake Huron 
in 18C8. 

"Rochester," of four hundred and seventj'-two 
tons; built near Fairport in 1837; wrecked at Erie in 
1853 — seven lives lost. 

"Cleveland" (First), of five hundred and eighty 
tons ; built at Huron in 1837; burned at Tonawauda 
in 185-1. 

"Bunker Hill," of four hundred and fifty-seven 
tons, built at Black River in 1837; burned at Tona- 
wanda in 1857. 

"Anthony Wayne," of three hundred and ninety 
tons ; built at Perrysburg in 1837 ; exi^loded in 

"Detroit," (Second), of three hundred and fifty 
tons; built at Newport in 1840; sunk in Saginaw bay 
in 1854. 

"Missouri," of six hundred and twelve tons; 
built at Erie in 1840; converted into a propeller barge 
in 1868. 

" Empire," of eleven hundred and tiiirty-six tons; 
built at Cleveland in 1844, lost on Long Point in 

" New Orleans," of six hundred and ten tons; built 
at Detroit in 1844; lost at Thunder bay in 1853. 

"St. Louis," of six hundred and eighteen tons; 
built at Perrysburg in 1844; wrecked on Lake Erie 
in 1853. 

U. S. steamer " Michigan," of five hundred and 
eighty-three tons; built at Erie in 1844; wrecked. 

"Niagara" (Second), of ten hundred eighty-four 
tons; built at Buffalo in 1845; burned on Lake Michi- 
gan in 1856 — sixty lives lost. 

"<}. P. Griffitli,"^ five hundred and seven tons; 
built at Buffalo in 1845; burned on Lake Erie in 1850, 
with a loss of two hundred and fifty lives. 

"Albany," of six hundred and sixty-nine tons; 
luiilt at Detroit in 1846; wrecked at Presq' Isle, Lake 
Huron, in 1853. 

" Hendrick Hudson," of seven hundred and fifty- 
nine tons; built at Black river in 1846; liurned at 
Cleveland in 1860. 

" Louisiana," of nine hundred tons; built at Buffalo 
in 1846; wrecked at Port Burwell in 1854. 

"Saratoga," of eight hundi'ed tons, built at Cleve- 
land in 1846; wrecked at Port Burwell in 1854. 

" Canada," of eight hundred tons; built at Chiji- 
pewa in 184G; lost on Lake Michigan in 1855. 

" Baltic," of eight hundred and twenty-five tons; 
built at Buffalo in 1847; made a barge in 1863. 

" Sidtana," of eight hundred tons; built at Trenton 
in 1847; wrecked in 1858. 

"A. D. Patcliin," of eight hundred and seventy 
tons; built at Trenton in 1847; wrecked at Skillagalee 
in 1850. 

" BaUimore," of five hundred tons; built at Mon- 
roe in 1S47; wrecked at Sheboygan in 1855. 

" Diamond," of three hundred and thirty-six tons; 
built at Buffalo in 1847; broken u]) at Detroit in 

" Pacific," of five hundred tons; built at Newport 
in 1847; lost on Lake Michigan in 1867. 

"Ohio" (Second), of six hundred tons; built at 
Cleveland in 1847; dismantled at Erie in 185!). 

" Southerner," of five hundred tons; built at Tren- 
ton in 1847; wrecked on Lake Erie in 1863. 

"Arrow," of three hundred and fifty tons; built at 
Trenton in 1848; condemned in Green Bay in 1863. 

"Alabama," of six hundred tons; built at Detroit 
in 1848; sunk near Buffalo in 1854. 

" Franklin Moore," of three hundred tons; built at 
Newport in 1848; broken up in 1803. 

"J. D. Morton," of four hundred tons; l)uilt at 
Toledo in 1848; burned on St. Clair river in 1863. 

"Empire State," of seventeen hundred tons; buiP, at 
St. Clair in 1848; made a dry dock at Buffalo in 1858. 

" Queen City," of a thousand tons; built at Buffalo 
in 1858; lost on Lake Huron in 1866. 

" Globe," of twelve hundred tons; buill at Detroit in 
1848; converted into a propeller. 

"Charter," of three hnndredand fifty tons; built at 
Detroit in 1848; lost on Lake Erie in 1854. 

"John Hollister," of three hundred tons; built at 
Perrysburg in 1848; burned on Lake Erie; rebuilt, 
and lost on Lake Huron. 

" Atlantic," of eleven hundred tons; built at New- 
port in 1849; sunk at Long Point — a hundred and 
fifty lives lost. 

" Mayflower," of thirteen hundred tons; built at De- 
troit in 1849; wrecked at Point an Pelee in 1854. 

" Keystone State," built at Buffalo inl849; sunk in 
Saginaw bay in 1861 — thirty-three lives lost. 

We have included in the above list none of less than 
three hundred tons. Thus it will be seen that, aside 
from numerous smaller ones, there was in 1850 a fleet 
of thirty-nine steamers afloat on Lake Erie, ranging 
from those of three hundred tons up to the great 
leviathan "Empire State," of seventeen hundred 

THE I'KlilOl) FROM 1840 TO ISO] 


Gay times were those. The stoiimboat, in good 
weather, was as provocative of sociability as the stage- 
coach, and furnished a great deal mure enjoyment. 
Tiie lake steamer was devoid of the monotony of the 
(leeaii vessel, and a voyage of from two days to a 
week, through changing lakes, and rivers, and straits, 
witli all the splendid accessories of the model lake 
steamer, l>y passengers excited with the hope of 
western fortunes, or joyous over their return to 
eastern homes, was an event long to hv. remembered 
on the calendar of pleasure. 

Hut, there was another and much darkerside to the 
picture. Out of the thirty-nine steamers above nu'u- 
lioued, no less than thirty closed their career by be- 
ing burned or wrecked. To be sure many of them 
sailed ten or fifteen years, and made hundreds of 
vovages before being lost, but the disaster, when it 
eanic, was sometimes appalling. The two hundred 
ami fifty lives lost on the " G. P. Griitith," and the 
four hundred lost on the " Lady Elgin," furnished 
the most terrible but not the only examples of the 
dangers of lake navigation. 

We have called especial attention to the Heel alloat 
in ISotl, because that was the iu<jst brilliant period of 
lake navigation, which began to decline soon after the 
completion of railroad communication between the 
East and the West; but there was a large number of 
steamers (not usually very large ones) which had gone 
out of service before that time, besides many, both 
large and splendid, which were put in commission at 
a later period. 

Among the most important of the latter were the 
"Arctic," of eight liundred and fifty-sevt'n tons; the 
" Buckeye State," of twelve hundred ami seventy-f(jur 
tons; the "Northerner," of five hundred and fourteen 
tons; the "Minnesota," of seven hundred and forty- 
nine tons; the " Ijady Elgin," of a thousand and tliir- 
tv-sevcn tons; the " Iowa," of nine hundred and 
eighty-one tons; the " Cleveland," (second) of five 
hundred and seventy-four tons; the "Golden Gate," 
of seven luiiulred and seventy-one tons; the " Ti'av- 
eler," of six hundred and three tons; the "Michigan," 
(seconil) of six hundred and forty-three Inns; the 
"Crescent City," of seventeen hundred and forty 
tons; Ihe "Queen of the West, "of eighteen hundred 
and forty-one tons; the "St. Lawrence," of eighteen 
hundred and forty-four tons; the " E. II. Collins," of 
nine hiiudredand fifty tons; the "Northern Indiana," 
of fourteen hundred and seventy tons; the "South- 
ern Michigan," of fourteen hundred and seventy tons; 
the " Forester," of five liundred and four tons; the 
" Plymouth Rock." of nineteen hundred and ninety- 
one tons; the " Western World " of a thousand tons; 
the " North Star " of eleven hundred and six tons; 
the " Illinois " (second) of eight hundred and tvven- 
ly-six tons; the "Planet" of eleven hundred and 
sixty-four tons; the " W^estern Metropolis " of eight- 
een hundred and sixty tons; the "City of Buffalo " of 
two thousand tons; the " City of Cleveland" of seven 
hundred and eighty-eight tons; the "Sea Bird" of 

six hundred and thirty-eight tons; the "Detroit" of 
eleven hundred and thirteen tons; the "Milwaukee" 
of eleven hundred and thirteen tons. 

This list includes the steamers of over five hundred 
tons put in commission before 1801. The large size 
of many of them does not contradict, but rather cor- 
roborates, our ju-evious statement that steamboating 
began to decline soon after the completion of railroad 
communication between the East and West; for, of 
the very large ones, all which were not destroyed were 
disnuuitlcd, or changed into vessels of other descrip- 
tions, after only a few years' service. 

Propellers had come into use on the lakes as early 
as 1842, but for several years they made but little dis- 
play in comparison with the magnificent side- wheel 
steamers. As the latter, however, were superseded by 
the railroads as carriers of passengers, the propellers 
came to the front as carriers of grain; taking the lead 
of the steamers in that occupation, and rivaling botii 
the sail vessels and the railroad. 

Returning to the land part of Cuyahoga county in 
18.50, we find the i>eo|)le all alive with business and 
confident of future greatness. When the steamboats 
were not running, the stages on the lake shore road 
were loaded and doubly loaded with passengci-s; three, 
four, aiul even five coaches often passing over the 
route each way in a single day. The vehicles of the 
line running over the great turniiike through Brook- 
lyn, Parma and Strongsville to Columbus were simi- 
larly crowded in both summer and winter, while those 
on other routes through the country were only loss 
heavily loaded. 

The close of the last half of this century may be 
regarded as marking the distinction between the old 
and the new in this county. The wolves and the 
bears had already become extinct, and about this per- 
iod the last of the deer disajipeared l)L'fore the ad- 
vance of civilization. Certainly they did not wait to 
hear more than one or two shrieks of the locomotive. 
To an old pioneer, with a taste for hunting, Cuyahoga 
county with no deer in iL musl, have seamed like a, new 
and undesirable world. 

At this pariod, too, nearly the last of the log houses 
which had sheltered the pioneers gave way to the 
more comfortable frame residences of the farmers and 
the brick mansions of the thriving citizens. Twenty 
years before, in at least half of the townships, log 
houses had been the rule aiul framed ones the excep- 
tion. The fornur had gradually bjen given up, and 
in 1850 could only be found in some very secluded lo- 
cality. In such })laces, even yet, one may now and 
then be seen, a striking memento of the pioneer days 
of sixty years ago. 

By the census of 18.50, the papulation of the county 
was forty-eight thousand ami ninety-nine, distributed 
as follows: Cleveland. 17,034; Bedford, 1,853; Brecks- 
villc, 1,UC; Brooklyn, 0,375; Chagrin Falls, 1,'^50; 
Dover, 1,103; East Cleveland, 2,313; Euclid, 1,447; 
Independence, 1,485; Maylield, 1,117; Middleburg, 
1,490; Newburg, 1,542; Olmstead, 1,210; Orange, 



1,0G3; Parma, 1,339; Rockport, 1,441; Royalton, 
1,253; Solon, 1,034; Strougsville, 1,1'J9; Wiii-rens- 
ville, 1,410. 

On the very tliresliold of the second lialf of the 
century, Cuyahoga county received the benefits, more 
or less, of railway communication; being one of tlie 
very first counties in the West to be invaded of the 
iron conqueror. On tiie 1st day of February, 1851, a 
train came through from Columbus over the (Cleve- 
land, Columbus and Cincinnati road, bearing tlie 
State authorities and the members of the legislature, 
when of course a grand jollification was held. On the 
2'ind of the same month tlie road was formally 
opened for business. The Cleveland and Pittsburg 
road was completed forty miles the same month, tak- 
ing it outside the bounds of the county. 

Tlic other enterprises before mentioned went for- 
ward as rapidly as could be expected. The Cleveland 
and Pittsburg road, and the Cleveland, Painesville 
and Ashtabula road (from Cleveland to Erie) were 
opened for through business in 1852. The Toledo, 
Norwalk and Cleveland railroad was completed in 
.January, 1853; forming the last link in the chain of 
railways between Boston and Chicago. The Cleve- 
land. Painesville and Ashtabula road was at first run 
in connection with the Cleveland, Columbus and 
Cincinnati road, but in 1855 its management was 
separated from that of the latter, and the former 
naturally fell into close relations with the other roads 
forming the great line along the lake shore commiiui- 
cation from the East to the West. 

In the latter part of this decade a new communica- 
tion was opened between Cuyahoga county and the 
outer world. It originated in a schooner called the 
" Dean," built by Qn lyle and Martin, of Cleveland, 
for C. J. Kershaw, of Chicago. It was loaded at the 
latter post and sent direct to Liverpool (by way of the 
Welland canal and the St. Lawrence river) where this 
stranger from the Far West naturally created much 
surprise. It was sold there. The ne.xt year the 
barque "' C. J. Kershaw " was constructed by the 
same builders, and sent to Liverpool by D. C. Pierce, 
loaded with staves and lumber; coming back with 
crockery and iron. 

Direct trade between Chicago and Liver[)ool soon 
f tiled, but in 1858 a fleet of no less than ten vessels 
was sent fiom Cleveland to Euroi)e. It consisted of 
the"D. C. Pierce," sent to Liverpool by Pierce & 
Barney; the " Kershaw," "Chieftain" and " Black 
Hawk," sent to London by the same parties; the " II. 
II. Harmon," sent to Liverpool by T. P. Handy; 
the " D. W. Sexton," sent to London, and the "J. 
F. Warner" to Glasgow, b:)th by Mr. Handy; the 
" H. E. riowe," to Liverpool, by II. E. Howe; the 
" Correspondent." to Liveri)j-)1, by N. M. Standart; 
and the "Harvest," to Hamburg, by C. Reis. All 
were loaded with staves and lumber ; their total 
capacity being three thousand six hundred tons. The 
cargoes of all were sold to good advantage, and six 

returned successfully with cargoes of crockery, iron 
and salt. 

Some of these vrssels attracted es])eeial attention 
when thrown among a lot of English ships which 
were wind-bound at Land's End. The latter were 
entirely unable to beat around the point, but the 
American vessels, by their sujjerior sailing qualities, 
were able to run close to the wind, unload, reload, 
and sail on another voyage before one of the others 
could make its way around the " End." 

Direct trade with Europe jironiised to be an im- 
portant part of the commerce of the country, but it 
was driven by the rebellion into English hands. 

In 1858 it was found that the brick court-house, 
built thirty years before, was entirely inade(inate to 
the rising business of the county, and it was not 
thought desirable any longer to incumber the public 
square of Cleveland with county buildings. Accord- 
ingly, in that year, a substantial stone edifice, of two 
stories, was erected on ground on the north side of 
Rockwell street, facing the northwest corner of the 

The panic of 1857 had liad a depressing Intlnence 
upou Cuyahoga county, as ujion the rest of the conn- 
try, but it was so light in comparison with the finan- 
cial earthquake of 1837 that old stagers did not con- 
sider it as a very serions matter. By 1860 all busi- 
ness interests were in the way of rapid recovery. 

By the census of that year the population of the 
county was seventy-seven thousand two hundred and 
six, of whom forty-three thousand four hundred and 
seventeen were in the city of Cleveland, while the re- 
mainder occupied the various townships in the fol- 
lowing numbers: Bedford, 1,098; Brecksville, 1,024; 
Brooklyn, 5,358; Chagrin Falls, 1,479; Dover, 1,284; 
East Cleveland, 3,011; Euclid, 1,709; Independence, 
1,003; Mayfield, 1,079; Middleburg, 2,592; Newburg, 
2.810; Olmstead, 1,410; Orange, 1,095; Parma, 1,480; 
Rockport, 1,793; Royalton, 1,397; Solon, 1,1109; 
Strongsville, 958; Warrensville, 1,554. 

xVmong the events of the year the most interesting 
was the celebration of the anniversary of Perry's vic- 
tory, and the erection of a monument to that hero. 
The idea originated with Hon. Harvey Rice, who in 
troduced a series of resolutions to tliat effect in June, 
1857, into the City Council of Cleveland, which unaii- 
imonslyadopted them. A committee of five members 
of the Council was authorized to contract for the 
erection of the monument, and to solicit subscrip- 
tions to meet the exjjense; it consisted of Harvey 
Rice, chairman; 0. M. Oviatt, J. M. Coffinberry, J. 
Kirkpati'ick, and C. D. Williams. 

In the aniumn the committee contracted with T. 
-Jones and Sons, proprietors of marble works at Cleve- 
land, who agreed to provide all materials and erect a 
monument surmounted with a statue of Perry, in the 
best style of the sculptor's art, subject to the a]q)roval 
of the committee, in time for the celebration on the 
tenth of Sei)tember, 1800. The price was to be six 
thousand dollars, if so much could be obtained bj 


THE PEUIOJ) Fi;(»M 1840 TO ISfil. 


sul).scrii>tion from the citizens of Cleveland, as to 
wliifli tlie contractors took all the risk. 

After corresponding with various artists, Messrs. 
.lones and Sons procured the services of Mr. William 
Walcutt as the sculptor of the statue. A hlock of 
rough Carrara marble was imported from Italy, and 
(he entire work of shaping the statue was performed 
ill the studio of Messrs. Jones and Sons at Cleveland. 
On account of the increiused cost of the monument, 
as linallv apjirovcMl, the contract price was increased 
to eigiit thousMud dollars — always provided it could 
!)(' obtained ijy subscription. 

The work went forward, and in the forepart of 
lS(iO the council sent out a larger number of invita- 
tions to the approaching fete. These included the 
son, daughter and other relatives of Commodore 
I'eirv; all the survivors of the battle, the governoi-. 
State officers, etc., of Oiiio, the governor. State otliccrs 
and legislature of Rhode Island (the State of Perry's 
residence), and numerous distinguished individuals 
throughout the country. It was determined to locate 
the monument in the center of the public S(|uare, at 

The celebration was fixed for Monday, the lOtli of 
September, 18(10. On Saturday, the 8th, Governor 
Spragne, of Riiode Island, witii his staff, the State 
officers and many members of the legislature of that 
State, and the Providence Light Infantry, arrived at 
Cleveland; being received with a speech of welcome 
by (iovernor Dennison, of Ohio, who was already in 
tile city. Immense crowds of people also came by all 
the railroails, so as to be ready for the celebration on 
Monday. Thousands upon thousands also came by 
teams on Saturday and Sunday, from all the country 

During Monday forenoon every railroad brought an 
almost continuous succession of trains; all the cars 
Ijeing loaded with people, inside and out. After 
careful comp'utation it was estimated l)y caiitimis ;ind 
experienced men that at least one hundred Ihniisand 
visitors wrvr in the city during the aftermidii of 

The procession was of great length; General J. W. 
Fiteh being marshal of the day. It was headed by 
eighteen companies of uniformed militia, of wiiich 
the folowing were of this county: Cleveland Light 
Artillery regiment, under Colonel Janu-s Harnett and 
Lieutenant Colonel S. li. Sturges, consisting of eom- 
l)anies A, B, 1) and E, commanded respectively by 
(Japtains Simmons, Mack, Rice and Heckiran; the 
l>rooklyn Light Artillery under Captain Pelton; the 
(nevoland fjight Dragoons, under Captain Ilaltnorth: 
the Cleveland Grays, under Captain Paddock; the 
Clevelanil Light Guards, under Captain Sanford. 

The military was followed by Govs. Dennison and 
Spragne and their staffs ; the guests from iJliodc 
Island; the mayor and common council of Cleveland; 
Messrs. Jones and Sons, contractors ; otHcers and 
soldiers of the war of 1813; survivors of the battle of 
Ijake Krie; descendants and relatives of Commodore 

Perry; William Walcutt, the sculptor; George Ban- 
croft and Dr. Usher Parsons (surgeon in the battle,) 
orators of the day; and the judges and clergy of the 
vicinitv. Following these came a very large number 
of the Masons of northern Ohio and neighboring 
States, marshaled by their respective officers; the In- 
dei)ondent Order of Odd Fellows; and a long array of 
citizens and strangers. 

Among the distinguished persons present, besides 
those already named, were Oliver Hazard Perry, the 
son of the Commodore; Rev. Dr. G. B. Perry, a rel- 
ative of the commodore, and chaplain of the day; 
Commodore Steiihen Champlin, a cousin of Perry, 
Mild commander of the " Scorpion " in the battle; and 
Capt. Thomas Brownell, jiilot of the "Ariel." 

The monument and statue had been set up in the 
piililic square, which since that time, and in honor of 
the occasion, has been called Monumental Park.* The 
services were held there; the statue Ijeiug unveiled by 
the scul^itor. The pedestal is of Rhode Island granite, 
twelve feet high, while the statue, of Italian marble, 
is eight feet two inches in liight. Of course it faces 
the lake which was the scene of the great victory. 
On the lake front of the monnment is a representa- 
tion, in fiUn rclicro, of the celebrated scene when the 
hero passed amid a shower of bullets from the deck 
of the stricken "Lawrence" to that of the "Niag- 
ai'a." The statue itself is very spirited in design and 
execution, and, while we do not feel competent to 
speak of those technical points which a sculptor would 
observe, yet we can truly say that not only was it 
highly satisfactory to those who knew the commodore, 
as a piece of life-like portraiture, but it is in exact 
harmony with all American traditions regarding the 
brave, handsome, dashing, liigh-spirited victor of 
the battle of Lake Fa-'ic. Since the ce'ebration two 
smaller figures by the same artist, a " Sailor Boy "' 
and a "Midshipman," have been placed on the nionu- 
iiiiMit, on either side of the chieftain. 

George Bancroft, the distinguished historian, de- 
livered the principal address, and Dr. Usher Parsons 
narrated the events of the battle, as they came under 
his (ibscrvatidu. The proceedings at the square were 
closed bv the imiiressive ceremonies of the Masonic 

One of the most interesting events of the day, to 
the jieople nt large, was the mock battle ou the lake, 
which followed the ceremonies at the s<piaie, in which 
the two llects which had met in deadly combat forty- 
seven years before, were faithfully reproduced by 
vessels of similar size, an<l in which, after a furious 
cannonade and the representation of the jirincipal 
incidents of the real combiil,, the British ships, one 
after the other, struck their colors to the victorious 

The following day the military companies present 
held a grand parade, and were reviewed by Governors 

* As iiiivst of our readers are prohalily aware, the monument has been 
moved iliiriiii; the present season to a point nearer the southeast comer 
of file park 


Dennison and Spnigne. This closed by far the great- 
est and most interesting celeliration tliat Cuyahoga 
county had ever seen. 

We have described it at considerable lengtli, for it 
was not only a brilliant event of itself but it was the 
most striking occurrence in this county, during the 
last year of peace. The patriotic memories of the 
past were insufficient to restrain the madness of the 
of the slave-propagandists, and when next the streets 
of Cleveland resounded with tlie tread of hurrying 
crowds, there was no mock battle in prospect. 

The political campaign, which was in progress 
when the groat celeln-ation took place, resulted, as is 
well known, in the triumph of the Republican party, 
and the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presi- 
dency. It is needless here to recount at lengtli how 
this manifestation of the people's will was made an 
excuse for rebellion by the slave-holders of the South ; 
how State after State abandoned its allegiance, and 
how the coming of spring found a Southern Con- 
federacy already organized and armed, in defiance of 
the authority of the republic for which Perry fougjit. 

Here, as elsewhere throughout the North, men 
looked on in amazement at this disloyal madness, and 
it was not until the blow actually fell upon the walls 
of Sumter that thoy coukl bring themselves to believe 
in the reality (if such senseless infamy. 



The Uprising of the I'eopie— Camp Taylor— Our Plan of Showing Ser- 
vices of Soldiers — Lists of Soldiers — The Ladies' Meeting — Permanent 
Organization —Co-operation with other Societies— Dr. Newberry — The 
Soldiers' Aid Society of Northern Ohio— Numerous Subordinates- 
Fort Donelsou— Pittsburg Landing— The Territory Tributary to the 
Society— No Slate Lines— Pressed for Means— A Gift of Ten Thousand 
Dollars — " Soldiers' Acres" aud "Onion Leagues " — The Northern Ohio 
Sanitary Fair— lis Success— Immense Returns — Other Labors — A 
Threatened Draft Riot- Dispersal of the Mob -The "Squirrel Hunters" 
— Cuyahoga Governors— Tod and Brough — Briiugh's Exertions in 
ISIU— The Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad — The Soldiers become 
Men of Peace — Prof. Newberry— The Census of 1870- The Crisis of 
1.S73— The Fourth Court-House— The Jail— Conclusion. 

On the 14th of April, ISGl, the storm burst. The 
Cleveland papers of the next morning contained a full 
account of the assault upon Sumter. As the High- 
landers of three centuries ago sprang to arms when 
the fiery cross was sent among them by their chief- 
tains, thus, and almost as swiftly, responded the men 
of the Nortli wlien the daily newspapers told the story 
of their country's danger. Tiie sons of Cuyahoga 
county were ready with the foremost. From the stores 
and offices of the city, from the shops of the villages, 
from the farms of the country, tiiey came forward to 
do battle for the integrity of the nation. The 
Cleveland Grays and Company D of the Cleveland 
Light Artillery were two of the very first companies 
to take the field for three months, to give an oppor- 
tunity for tlic organization of a permanent force. 

On the 33d of April Camp Taylor was established at 
Cleveland by the governor, and made the rendezvous 

of the volunteers from northern Ohio. By the 27th 
of the same mouth several thousand men were in 
camp, coming from nearly all the counties of the 
section named. Cuyahoga county furnished tiiree 
companies, and parts of several others, who became 
members of the Seventh infantry. 

In order to give even an idea of the services of the 
soldiers of Cuyahoga county during the war, we find 
it necessai-y to furnish a separate sketch of each 
regiment and battery in which it were represented. 
As Cuyahoga had soldiers in no less than sixty-two 
regiments of infantry and cavalry, and seventeen 
batteries of artillery, many of sketches must of 
necessity be exceedingly brief. Their size is made 
proportionate, so far as j'ossible, to the number of 
men from this county in each organization, and to 
the amount of service rendered. 

Each sketch of a regiment or battery is followed 
by a list of the soldiers serving in it who were residents 
of this county at the time of the war, with a state- 
ment of their respective enlistments, promotions, 
discharges, etc. These have been compiled with 
great care from the records in the adjutant-general's 
office at Columbus, and are perfect transcrijits from 
thein. It is possible that there may lie defects in the 
rolls in the adjutant-general's office, either from the 
soldier's giving the wrong residence, or from acci- 
dental causes, but this we cannot avoid. 

So far as the historical sketches are concerned, we 
have depended largely on Reid's " Ohio in the War," 
the correctness of which we find to be endorsed by 
all the Ohio soldiers who have examined it and whom 
we have talked with on the suliject. In regard, how- 
ever, to those regiments which are largely represented 
from this county, wc have taken pains to consult 
with surviving members and obtain from them an 
account, not only of the principal services of each 
command, but of some of the numerous incidents 
which lend variety to the story of life in the field. 
When regimental or liattery histories have been pub- 
lished, these have been the principal sources of in- 

These historical sketches, each with its accompanying 
list of soldiers from Cuyahoga county, follow immedi- 
ately after this chapter; being arranged according to 
tlie regimental or liattery number in, successively, the 
infantry, cavalry and artillery arms of the .service. 

The people warmly sustained the efforts of their 
gallant soldier,-;, aud the ladies were especially zealous 
in doing so. On tlie 30th of April, five days after 
the President's first call for troops, the ladies of 
(lleveland as.sembled for the purpose of offering wiiat- 
ever aid they could give, though as to what it would 
be they, like every one else, were profoundly ignorant. 
For a few days the more active scraped lint and made 
bandages, and made "raids"' on the people to obtain 
blankets for new volunteers, as yet unjirovided with 
those necessary articles. 

In a short time the Ladies' Aid Society of Cleve- 
land was permanently organized. As this soon be- 



came the hejid of Uie various movcincuts in northern 
(Hiio in aid of tlic soldiers, and in six or seven months 
iissuined the name of the SoUlicrs' Aid Society of 
Nortlierii Ohio, it slioiUd properly be considered as 
an institution of a j,'eneral character, and some of its 
acts should be narrated in the general history of the 
county. The fii'st permanent otlicc^'s were Mrs. 15. 
House, president; Mrs. .John Shelley and Mrs. Wm. 
Mclheich, vice j)residents; Mary ("lark Brayton, sec- 
retary; and Ellen F. Terry, treasurer. In the sprin<j 
of I,S(!;5, Mrs. Lewis Burton hocanie vice president; 
Mrs. SlielU'y having removed from the county. The 
.secretary and treasurer served faithfully throughout 
the war, and have since ptii)lishe(l a handsome and 
interesting book on tiie workings of the society, en- 
titled " Our Acre and its Harvest,"" from which we 
have derived the items given here. 

The leaders of the Cleveland society speedily in- 
vited the co-operation of the smaller places, sending 
out an immense number of circulars to clergymen, 
prominent citizens, ladies, etc. Numerous societies 
were soon organized in nearly all the townships of this 
county and the adjoining counties; some being start- 
ed inde])endeutly and some on account of the sug- 
gestions of the Cleveland organization, but almost all 
being soon drawn into alliliatiou with it; being. con- 
vinced that they could l)est attain tlicir object by act- 
ing in subordination to it. 

In September, 18C1, Dr. J. S. Newberry, of Cleve- 
land, was made secretary of the Western department 
of the United States Sanitary Commission, and 
thenceforth had general supervision of the affairs of 
that association in the valley of tlie Mississippi. In 
the following mouth the Cleveland Aid Society was 
made a corresponding branch of the United States 
Sanitary Commission. On the ;50th of November, 
ISdl, its name was changed to the Soldiers' Aid 
Society of Northern Ohio, as already mentioned. 
Tlicnccriiith its acts and fanie were national rather 
than liical. Its benevolence was not even bounded by 
State lines, but extended to all who wure the Unnm 

At the time of the change of name just noted, the 
society was receiving contributions from two hundred 
and forty-three towns of northern Ohio, of which a 
linndred and twenty had branch organizations. Find- 
ing that steady contributions were necessary, rather 
I ban si>asmodic efforts, the Aid Society prevailed on 
a large number of citizens to make pledges of small, 
regular amounts weekly, on which the oflicers couhl 
rely to supply increasing needs. 

After the capture of Fort Donelson, a thousand sets 
of lios|)it,al clothing and a hundred and sixty boxes of 
supplies were sent forwanl. But it wjis after the bat- 
tie of Pittsburg I>anding that the greatest excitement 
prevailed. Nearly every regiment from the Western 
Ueservc was present, hundreds of men from Cuya- 
hoga county were among the killed and wounded, 
and the wliole community felt the shock. Thou- 
sands of conti'ibutions of every descripiiim Howcd in 

upon the ladies of the society, by whom they were 
forwarded to the sulTering soldiers. 

By the first of July, 1803, there were three huudicd 
and twenty-five societies organized as branches of the 
Soldiers' Aid Society of Northern Ohio. These 
associations collected funds and su|)plies in their own 
way, receiving suggestions from the Northern Ohio 
Society as to what was best to be done. The suj)- 
l)lies were then forwarded to the latter association 
which sent, them to whatever points they were most 
needed. The officers of the Northern Ohio Society 
refused to rcu-eive money from any of the snl)ordinale 
organizations; thinking it bettei" that it should be in- 
vested in material, prepare<l for use by the members 
of the various associations at home, and then for- 
warded by means of t,he facilities which the Noi-thern 
Ohio Society could furnish. There were tributary to 
it at this period, and during the latter jiart of the 
wasr, nearly all the societies in the counties of Trum- 
bull, Ashtabula, Mahoning, Columbiana, Carroll, 
Stark, Tusacarawas, Portage, Oeauga, T^iake. Summit. 
Wayne, Holmes, Ashland, liorain, Huron, Krie, Me- 
dina and Cn3'alioga; besides a small part of North- 
western Pennsylvania. 

A list of contributions was published weekly in the 
Cleveland llrrtdd. The ladies also availed themselves 
of the olTer made by Mr. Edwin Cowles of the use of 
two columns weekly of the Clevelnnd Leader, for such 
use as they might find necessary. It will be remem- 
bered that the society was not only a sort of general 
agency for all northern Ohio, but was also the di- 
rect agent for all Cleveland contributions. It were 
impossible to tell the story of a hundredth part of 
the services performed by it; of delicacies of all kinds 
sent to the wounded and the sick; of clothing and 
bed furniture supplied to hospitals; of friends fur- 
nished with information; these and hundreds of sim- 
ilar services were performed day after day, month 
after month, year after year, from the beginning to 
the end of the war, for soldiers of every State from 
Maine to; alike for the stalwart heroes of 
Minnesota and the persecuted Unionists of Tennessee. 

In the winter of 18G2-3 the soc-iety had over foui- 
hundred branches. Yet money and contributions 
then came in slowly, for taxes were heavy, prices of 
all kinds were high, and the exertions of the last two 
years had told seriously on the resources of the jieople. 
It was aided by lectures by the celebrated Eliliu Bur- 
ritt, and by the scarcely less celebrated Artemus 
Ward (whilom a resident of Cleveland under the 
name of Charles F. Urown). and ere long it received 
a gift of ten thousand ihdlars, part of a large dona- 
tion from California. 'J'his seemed then like a very 
large amount, l)eing accepted only in instalments, 
and previous etTorts to .><ccure a permanent supply 
being steadily continued. 

At this time there was a cry for more vegetables, 
on the ground that scurvy was appearing in the army. 
The Northern Ohio Society promptly forwarded 
large ([uantities of potatoe.s and onions, and at the 



same time endeavored to enlist the people within its 
influence in providing for a permanent supply of 
those and similar articles. Many farmers set aside a 
"soldier's acre" for this purpose in the spring, and 
even the children parodied the " Union leagues " of 
the day with " Onion leagues," which cultivated beds 
of that useful vegetable for the benefit of the nation's 

In February, 1804, the Northern Ohio Sanitary 
Fair was organized under the management of the 
association; an immense frame structure being built 
in the center of Monumental Park, at Cleveland, 
over Perry's statue, at a cost of ten thousand dollars. 
As this was half as much as the gross receipts of any 
sanitary fair yet organized, it was deemed a very haz- 
ardous expenditure. The fair was inaugurated on the 
twenty-second of February, and after a most brilliant 
display and numerous successful entertainments it 
was found that the gross receipts were a trifle over a 
hundred thousand dollars, while the expenses were 
but about twenty-one thousand dollars. The sub- 
stantial surplus thus acquired enabled the ladies of 
the association to extend their ojierations, .and to 
supply a much larger number of sick and wounded 
soldiers than before with comforts and delicacies, 
which in some degree mitigated their sufferings. 

The labors of the association were continued to the 
end of the war, iind even after its close thousands of 
invalid soldiers received its aid, while the families of 
the dead were assisted in the procurement of pen- 
sions, and in numerous other ways. 

We have spoken at some length (considering the 
many subjects requiring mention in such a book as 
this) of the association and its work; for during those 
fateful years it was really one of the great institutions 
of Cuyahoga county, and was also a faithful exponent 
of the feelings of tlic people. 

Nearly all the quotas called for from the county 
were filled by volunteering. A draft was ordered, 
however, in September, 18G3, to fill some vacancies, 
and at one time serious trouble seemed imminent. 
A mob of five hundred or six hundred persons, armed 
with clubs, pistols, etc., surrounded the office of Hon. 
Harvey Rice, commissioner of the draft, on account 
of imaginary unfairness in its management. Meeting 
them firmly, he sent to Camp Cleveland, on Wood- 
land Hights, for military aid. Shields' Nineteenth 
battery, just organized, was there, awaiting orders 
to go to the front. They were armed with venei'ablc 
Austrian muskets, and with an old six-pounder used 
to fire salutes with. 

They came hastily down; tlieir muskets being loaded 
with ball cartridge, and their solitary cannon half 
filled with a miscellaneous assortment of nails, scrap 
iron, bullets and other death-dealing missiles. Wlien 
the mob made some extra violent demonstrations, the 
command, acting as infantry, charged bayonet and 
drove them from the stpiare, but, fortunately for both 
parties, was not called on to fire the miscellaneous 
load out of the cannon. Mr. Rice then permitted 

the people to send in a committee to examine the 
operations of the office, who found that every thing 
was conducted with the utmost fairness. This was 
the only serious attempt at rioting, or opposition to 
the law, made during the war, in Cuyahoga county. 

Besides the numerous organizations mentioned in 
the following chapters, when the State was threiitcned 
with invasion by Bragg in 18G2, and a large number 
of "s<iuirrel hunters" were called on to help defend 
it, a company marclied to the front, from Berea and 
vicinity, armed with their "squirrel rifles," and 
ready to aid in repelling the enemy if necessary. 
They were not called on to do so, however, and some 
returned homo. 

It was not strange that Cuyahoga county mani- 
fested so much energy and zeal in the Union cause; 
for two of the war governors of Ohio resided wholly 
or jjartially within its limits. Hon. David Tod, who 
was elected governor by the Union Republican party 
in the autumn of 1861, taking his seat on the 1st of 
January following, had a residence at Cleveland, and 
also one outside of the county. Hon. John Brongh, 
the leonine statesman who was elected by the Repub- 
licans over Vallandigham in the autumn of ISO." by a 
huiulred thousand majority, was also a resident of 
Cleveland, and president of the Bellefontaine raili'oad 
company. In the spring of 1804 he consulted'with 
other western governors and proposed that they 
call out a hundred thousand men for a hundred days, 
to guard posts and otherwise aid in achieving success 
in the campaign of tiiat year. All agreed, as did the 
war department at Washington. The latter tele- 
graphed for thirty thousand Ohio militia in ten 
days. Thirty-eight thousand responded within the 
time. This sturdiest of Unionists and most ener- 
getic of governors died in the office he had done so 
much to dignify and make useful. 

During the war business was active, on account of 
the great increase of paper money in volume and de- 
preciation in value; yet there were few i)ermanent im- 
provements made; both because people's minds were 
absorbed in the war, and because they were unwilling 
in the disturbed state of the finances to make large 
government investments. The principal public en- 
terprise which was carried out at this period in north- 
ern Ohio was the Atlantic and Great Western rail- 
road, which was built principally with foreign capital. 
In 1803, it leased the Cleveland and Mahoning rail- 
road for ninety-nine years, and immediately supplied 
it with an extra track; so it could be used for Iiroad 
or narrow gauge cars. It has been employed espe- 
cially for the transportation of coal from the beds of 
Mahoning county, immense amounts of which iuive 
been bi'ought to Cleveland, the manufactories of 
which have been greatly stimulated thereby. 

On the close of the war the soldiers of Cuyahoga 
county, like those of the rest of the Union, at once 
put off tiieir military habits and resumed the avoca- 
tions of civil life. Less than six months saw the 
transformation complete, and all the energy lately 



given to the arts of desfcructiou employed in those of 
construction. But the latter, tliough more iileiisant, 
and in the long run more important, than tiie former, 
do not hy any means make so hrilliant a mark on 
tlic page of history. Tiie current of events Hows 
liroudiy, swiftly and heiieficently onward in jjcace, 
hut it is the rapids and cataracts of war which strike 
tiie eye. 

In 18G'.l, Professor Newberry, before mentioned in 
connection witli tlie Sanitary Commission, was ap- 
[>oin(ed chief geologist of tlie State of Ohio. As 
such, with a corps of assistants, he made an exhaustive 
geological survey of the State, omijodied in several 
valualile volumes. 

15y the census of 1870 the population of the county, 
notwithstanding the war, had reached the number of 
one hundred and thirty-two thousand nine hundred 
and three. Of these ninety-two thousand eight 
hundred and twenty-eight wei'e in Cleveland, while 
tile remainder were to be found in the respective 
townships as follows: Bedford, 1,788 ; Brecksville, 
1,007; Brooklyn, 3,713; Chagrin Falls, 1,331; 
Dover, 1,145 ; East Cleveland, .5,044; Euclid, 3,188; 
Independence, l,7(il ; Maylield, 81(3 ; Middleburg, 
3.fWi3; Newbiirg, G,337; Olmstead, 1,570; Orange, 
1,S03; J'aruui, 1,433; Uock])ort, 3,001; Royaton, 
1,(189; Solon, SU'.J; Strongsville, 890; Warrensville, 
1,43C. It will be seen that, while the agricultural 
tdwnship had increased very little, and some of them 
liad decreased, since the previous census, the poj)ula- 
lion of Cleveland liad more than doubled, besides 
tlie lai'gc number who had located in the adjoining 
towns, so as to become in fact suluiiban residents of 
tiie city. 

In 1873 the same causes, inllation and spccuhition, 
wliich had brouglit about the financial crash of 1837, 
produced another, far less violent than the one men- 
tioned but more injurious tlian that which occurred 
in 1857. business and improvements of all kinds 
received a severe check, five years saw but slight 
progress, and it is only during the present season 
tliat a decided change for the lictter has been 

In 1875 tlu? fourth eourt-hous(! of Ciiyalioga county 
was b(igun, and so far completed in 187(> as to be used 
l)y the courts and for other public juirposes. The 
court-house erected in 1858 is also still in use. It is 
■somewhat diflicult to describe the new one; for one 
liardly knows whether to give its dimensions and 
apiiearance as it is, or as it is to be. Probaljly tlic 
former is the safer method, with a brief reference to 
what, it may lie. 

The present liuilding, tlien, is of stone, and fronts 
on Seneca street, extending back nearly to the eourt- 
liouseof 1858. Its width is seventy-five feet and its 
depth ninety-two feet. There is a iiigh biisement 
story, occiqiied by some of the county ollicers and for 
other purposes. On the first story above this is a wide 
liall, with the rooms of tlic probate judge and sherilT 
on either side. On the second fioor is the criminal 

court room, sixty-eight feet long, sixty feet wide and 
thirty-five feet high, and very elaborately finished. 
On the third, or Mansard, floor are rooms for the use 
of juries and for other purposes. 

The proposed north wing is to be thirty-four feet 
front and eighty-four feet deej). The south wing is 
to be forty-nine feet front and eighty four feet deep, 
and it is expected that in due time it will be sur- 
mounted by a tower a hundred and twenty feet high. 
The wings, when coiupleted, are to be occupied by 
the various courts and county officers who are now 
located in the building of 1858. 

A very large and strong jail was also built in 1875, 
on the same ground (nortli of the court house), for- 
merly occupied by the jail of 1851, which was removed 
to give place to its successor. The new jail, very 
substantially built of stone, has three departments, 
respectively for men, women and boys. The men's 
department is sixty feet wide by a hundred and thirty 
feet long, with one hundred and twenty cells. 

The boys' dejjartmeut is twenty feet by twenty-four, 
with sixteen cells. The women's department is in 
the same building as the sheriff's residence, and like- 
wise has sixteen cells. The whole building last men- 
tioned is ninety feet by thirty-seven, and three stories 

Notwithstanding the financial closeness since 1873, 
numerous local improvements have been made 
throughout the county, which are noticed under 
their appropriate heads. We now close the consecu- 
tive record of Cuyahoga county for the purpose of 
presenting our readers with sketches of various or- 
ganizations pertaining to it, beginning with the 
regiments and batteries representing that county in 
the war f(;r the Union. 



Organization of Fii-st Infantry— The Cleveland Orays— Vienna -Bull 
Run— KeorKanization for Three Years— Cnyahojia C'ompanies— In 
Kentueky anil Tennessee— t'ittsburg LandinK— A Fight at Iluntsville 
— Stone River— I'll ickamanga— Orchard Knob— Capture of Mission 
Ridge— llesaca— Burnt Hickory— Number of Kiigagenients— Muslered 
Out— Members from Cuyahoga County — The Fifth Infantry — Connec- 
tion with Cuyahoga County— .Meu Transfen-od from Seventh — List of 

l'll!ST IXFANTltY. 

The First Infantry w;is organized in April, ISGI, 
in response to the President's first call for troops. 
The Cleveland Grays, an old and highly esteemed 
militia organization, formed one of its companies, 
under Captain T. S. Paddock, and Lieutenants 
Jeremiah Ensworth and J. B. Ilampson. So pronijit 
was the answer to the call that within sixty hours 
afterwards the u'giment wa.s on its way to tiie capital. 
It was attached to (ieneral Schenck's brigade and was 
eii route to Vienna when its first engagement witii 
the eneiuy was had. The rebels fired into the train, 
wlieii the First cjuickly formed on the side of the 



track, followed by the other regiments, aud made so 
effective a resistance as to be enabled to retire with 
but small loss. In the battle of Bull Eun the regi- 
ment took no active part, but rendered excellent ser- 
vice in guarding the retreat. 

In August, 1861, the reorganization of the regi- 
ment for three years' service was begun, but not 
completed until October. Company D was largely 
from Cuyahoga county, as well as a few men from 
companies F, G and I. In November the regiment 
was made a part of the Fourth Brigade of the Second 
Division, under General McGook. From December 
17th, 1861, until February 14th, 1863, it remained 
in camp at Green River, Kentucky. On the 17th 
the brigade marched to Nashville; arriving five miles 
out on Franklin Turnpike it went into camp. On the 
.31st it crossed Duck river and moved toward Sa- 

On the morning of A[)ril Gtli the march was re- 
sumed. Savannah reached at lialf past seven p.m., 
and Pittsburg Landing at daylight the next morning. 

At six a.m., the First moved to the front and 
formed in line of battle. After fighting until noon, 
rejteatedly charging the enemy and recapturing Gen- 
eral Sherman's headcfuarters, the regiment retired to 
procure ammnnition. This being obtiiined, it again 
advanced and participated in the general charge on 
the enemy's front. The First was tJien sent to assist 
Colonel Gibson's command; arriving just in time to 
re])el a vigorous attack. In this battle the regiment 
was commanded by Colonel B. F. Smith, and lost 
sixty officers and men. 

On May 37th six companies of the Fii-st, under 
Major Bassett Langdon, had a sharj) fight at Bridge 
Creek. At lluntsville they took tlie cars and reached 
Boiling Fork, a tributary of the Elk river, July 1st. 
On tlie 38th the regiment moved to Altamont, and 
Sejitember 1st to Nashville, i)assing through Man- 
chester, Murfreesboro and Lavergne. At Dog-walk, 
on the 9th of October, the First took part in tlie bat- 
tle, and lost several men. On the 11th it joined 
General Buell's forces at Perryville. 

On December 31st the battle of Stone river com- 
menced. The First was stationed on tlie right of K. 
W. Johnson's division. A half hour's brisk skirmish- 
ing followed, and tlie enemy was promjitly checked. 
A heavy force appeared and made an attack on the 
First, compelling it to fall back. In doing this, much 
confusion occurred and the whole riglit wing was 
forced back. At the Nashville and Chattanooga rail- 
road re-enforcements arrived, and the enemv was 
driven back. 

After many Jiard marches and a number of sharp 
skirmishes, tlie regiment reached Stevenson, Alabama, 
August ;iOth, 1SG3, to take part in the Chickamauga 
campaign. On the 19th of September it reported to 
General Thomas, and was placed in the front line 
under lieavy firing. A charge was made on the ene- 
my. General Baird's position retaken and several 
l)ieces of artillery captured. A most terrific fight 

ensued in the darkness, and the First was compelled 
to change position. In doing this they fell back 
about one hundred and fifty yards. The enemy soon 
retired and the battle ceased for the night. The next 
afternoon the First and the Louisville Legion charged 
and put to rout a body of the enemy, but at length 
shared in the general disaster which befell the army. 
The regiment lost in this fight one hundred and 
twenty men. 

On the 30tli of October the First formed a part of 
the force that surprised and captured the ridge be- 
tween Lookout valley and Racoon mountain. 

On November 23d the regiment engaged in the bat- 
tle of Orchard Knob, and on the 2.5tli rendered noble 
service at the capture of Mission ridge. The entire 
loss of the Seventh during this battle was five officers 
and seventy-eight men, killed and wounded. On 
January 17th, 1864, during the East Tennessee cam- 
paign, the regiment had a brisk engagement at Straw- 
berry Plains, losing some men. On the Atlanta cam- 
paign. May 10th, 1864, at Buzzard's Roost, several 
were wounded and three killed. May 14th, at Re- 
saca, Georgia, two were killed and sixteen wounded, 
and the next day four were killed and twelve wounded. 
At Adairsville the regiment had a sliarp skirmish; 
losing two killed and two wounded. At Burnt Hick- 
ory, May 37th, eight men and two officers were killed 
and seventy-one men wounded. June'17th, at Keiie- 
saw, eight men were wounded. At the crossing of 
Chattalioochie river two men were killed. 

During its term of service the First was engaged in 
twenty-four battles and skirmishes, and liad five 
hundred and twenty-seven officers and men killed and 
wounded. The last man of the regiment was mus- 
tered out October lltli, 1S64. 

memii?;rs from cuyahqcja cohntv. 


Edward .1. CoIIiua, enrolled August 17. 1861; promoted to First Lieuten- 
ant March '2^, 1863, aud to Regimental Quartermaster May 8, 1803. 
Mustered out with regiment September 34, 1864. 

William A. Davidson, enrolled as Corporal August ^, IStil ; promoted to 
Quartermaster. Mustered out with the regiment. 

.James Hill, enrolled as Regimental Quartermaster August 2:i, 18(jl; pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant and transferred to Company H .May 8, 
1883. Resigned October 17, 1863. 


Andrew J. Mabb, enrolled August 18, 1801; prtimoted to CNuumissary 
Sergeant. Mustered out with regiment. 


.James B. Hampson, enrolled as Captain August 17, 1861 ; promoted l)e- 
ceruber 31, 1802, to Major 124th Regiment. Killed at Pickett's Mills, 
Georgia, May 27, 1864. 

(ienrge L. Hay ward, enrolled as First Lieutenant August 17, 1801; pro- 
moted to Captain December 10, 1862, to Lieutenant Colonel 12ULh 
Regiment .July 27th, 1863. 

Sylvanus S. Dixon, enrolled as First Sergeant August 20, 1861: promoted 
to Second Lieutenant June 21, 1802, and to First Lieutenant Novem- 
ber 1.5, 1863. Killed near Dallas. Georgia, May 27, 1H64 

Alexander Varian, enrolled August 20, 1801 ; promoted to Second Lieu- 
tenant May 20, 1862, and to First Lieutenant December 10, 1862. Died 
June 2, 1861, of wounds received at Resaca, Georgia. 

William M. Clarpenter, enrolled as Second Lieutenant August 17, 1861; 
promoted to First Lieutenant May 26, 1862. Resigned April 10, 1863. 

Willard C. Prentiss, enrolled as Corporal August 20, l-Slil ; promoted to 
Second Lieutenjnt December 10, 1803. Resigned .June 10, 18(ii. 

Charles Wherritt, enrolled as Sergeant August 20, 1861. 

William Duncan, enrolled as Sergeant August 20, 1861. 

Henry Galloway, enrolled as Sergeant August 20, 1861. 



Rtifiis A. Hampson, enrolled as Corporal September 1, 1861. 

Orriii .1. Hrown, eiirolloil as Corporal August 21), 1«CI. 

Oeorge A. Wilson, euniUed as Corporal August 30, 18(il. Killeil at tin 

hattle of Resaca, Georgia. 
Liavitl Alilricli, enrolled as Corporal August 31), 1801. 
CluincMil H. FariiT, enrolled as Corporal August 30, ISGl. 
Joli.i Mullen, enrolled as Mnsieian August 20, 18lil. 
James B. De Land, enrolled as Musloian August 30, 1801. 
Charles H. Anderton, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Sanuiel M. Bearby, enlisted August 20, 1861. Killed. 
John L. Bu<h lell, enlisted August 30, 1861. 
Eli Bennett, enlisted August 1", 1861. 
William Bmbeek, enlisu-d August 1", 1861. 
Kilwin Barber, enlisted August 1", 1861. 
Chai-les W. Campbell, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Willi im Cackler, enlisted Au.:;ust 17, 1811. 
lloi-aee J. Conant, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
John F. Cady, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Wdliaiu Cowan, eidisted August 17, 1S61. 
Kolwrt A Carran, enlisteil August 17, I8(U. 
L-iwpeuce Dublier, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
William P. De Land, eTilisted August 17, 1861. 
M irvin L. Eddy, eldisted August 17, 1861. 
Horace W. Farwell, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Frank. in A, Farwell, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
ReulH-nUoss, enlisted Angn-t 19, 1861. 
Henry W. Hayward, enlisteil August 18, I8C1. 
William C. Ishani, enlisted August 18, 1861. 
Enoch F. Jones enlisted jVugust 18, 1861. 
Ileul>eti B. Kelley, enlisted August 19, 1861. 
Albert C. Leach, enli.sted August 19, 1S71. 
Samuel A Lamoreaux, enlisted August 18. 1H6I. 
Jitseph C. Merrick, enlisted August 18, l^'61. 
Chester C. Pulver, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Lonis W. Pick, enlisted August 17, 1861. 
Engeue Roberts, enlisted August 19, 1861. 
Charles L. Soobie, enlisted August 18, 1861. 
Frederick Scau, enlisted August 18, 1861. 
James M Sala, enlisted August 20, 1861. 
Benjamin Sala, enlisted August 20, 18<jl. 
Christopher Tod, enlisted August 20, 1861. 
Henry R. Van Ness, enlisted August 30. 1861. 
James Van Fosseu, enlisted September 9. 1861. 
Jt>hu A. Wilkinson, enlisted August 30, 1861. 
Julius C. Watterson, enli ted August 19, 1861. 
RolwrtF. Watterson, enlisted August 19, 1861. 
Frederick Zimmerman, enlisted August 18, 1861. 

William Hall, enlisted December 11, 186:1. Transferred to Company H. 
.lames McCJee, enlisted November 23, 1863. Transferred to Com pany H 

Simon Keck, enlisted Sept .luber 30, 18;! I. Dischnrgod November 1, 1865. 
J.aoob Welch, I'idisted SeptenilH'r 29, 1S61 Discharged October 1, 186.5. 

Ebene/.er Clark, enlisted January ."), 1861. Transferred to Couii)any H, 
Septi-mberl, 1861. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 

John Cartwright. enlisted January 1 1, 1864. Transferred to t'otnpany H, 
Septeinber 1. 1861. 

(leorge A. Joiee, enlisted January .■>, 18IV4. Transferred to Company II, 
September 1. 1861. 

Henry Lowes, enlisted December38, 1863. Transferred to Company 11 
Si pt 1, 1861. 

Francis Moses, eldisted January 7, 1861. Transferred to Company II, 
September 1, 1861. 

Claytt)n E. Worden, enlisted December 19, 18(>i. Transferred to Com- 
pany II, September 1, 1864. 


TIk^ priiiiipiil CDnnectioii of this ro-jiiiu'iit willi 
Cuy:iliog;i comity arises from the fact that tliirty men 
of tiie Seventh Infantry, resident.s of tliat county, 
were transferred to the Fifth from tlie Seventh In- 
fantry, wlien the hitter was mustered out of service; 
the terms of men not having expireil. Al- 
tiiough tlie Seventh was musteretl out in June, 18G4, 
tlie tninsfcr was not consummated until October. 
With tlie Fifth they marchcil with Sherman on this 
grand eamptiig-i to tlie Sea, acconiiianied him through 
the Carolinas, and took part in the great review at 

Washington. Tlienec the regiment was sent to Louis 
ville, Kentucky, wlicrc it was mustered out of service 
on tlie 20tli day of July, 1805. 



AlUcrt Berger, enlisted August-'IO, 1862. Mustered out June 21, 1865. 

Henry Alexander, enlisted September 8, 1863. Mustered out .July 26, IHfWi. 

Solomon Brob-t, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out .June 31, 1.865. 

James C. Brooks, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1864. Mus- 
tered out .Tune 21, 1865. 

Ed. A. Crosby, transferred from 7th Infantry OctoberSl, 1861. Mustered 
out June 21, 1865. 

Frank J. Covert, transferred from 7th Infantry Octi>ber 31. 1801. Mus- 
tered out June 21, 186.i. 

Peter M. Hardman, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1.861. Mus- 
tered out June 21 1865. 

James Lovelessrtransferreil from 7th Infantry October 31, 1K64. Dis- 
charged July 14, 1865. 

Jonathan Moore, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1864. Dis- 
chai-ged July 7, 1865. 

Otis Martin, ti'ansferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1864. Mustered 
out June 31, 1865. 

George W. Oliver, transferred from Tth Inlantiy OetoberSl, 1S6I. Mus- 
tered out June 31, 185.5. 

Abiaham Ramalia, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out June 21, 1865. 

James Hunt, transferred from 7tli Infantry October 31, 1861. Discharged 
May 39, 1865. 

Theod ire W. Pratt, transferred from 7tli Infantry October 31, IHIU. Mus- 
tered out June 21, 1865. 

William Stanford, tranferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out July 36, 1865. 

Charles Zimmerman, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. 
Mustered out June 21, 18t"i5. 

Charles Walley, transferred from rih Infantry October 31, 1M61. Mus- 
tered out Juno 31, 1865. 

Sigo Tyroler, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1864. Mustered 
out June 31, 18(i5. 

Jacob Schneerberger, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. 

Franz Schaedler, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out January 25, 1865. 

Michael Schmidt, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out July 3. 1865. 

Martin Saizer, tran-sferred from 7th Infantry October31, 1861. Clustered 
out June 31, 1865. 

John Schirssler, transferred from 7th Infantry June 11, 1861. 

Joseph Rowe, transferred from 7tli Infantry October31, 1861. Woun.l.d 
June 37 Mustered out August 3, 1865. 

Henry Hoflfman, transferred from 7th Infantry June 11, 1804. 

David F. Dove, transferred from 7th Infantry June 11, 18iU. 

Coney Doit/,, transferred from 7th Infant y October 31, 1861. Mustered 
out July 30, 1865. 

t;onrad, transferred from 7lli Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out July 26. 1865. Weber, traiuiferred from 7th Infantry June 11, 1861. 

Andrew Rick, transferred from 7th Infantry June 11, Mil. 

(Muistian Ottinger, transferred from 7th Infantry October 31, 1861. Mus- 
tered out May 31, 1865. 

Herman Tetzer, enhsted 1861. MnsU;red out .lune 2(, 1865 



l>rgani/.ed for Three Months-First Field OHleers — Reorganized for 
Three Yeai-s Number from Cuyahoga County— Sent to West Vir- 
ginia—Its First Loss-Tlie Disaster at Cross Lanes — Goes east- 
Breaks up a Uelwl Camp— Battle of Winchester- Port Republic— Suc- 
cessive Repulses of the Enemy— Retreat of the Union Army— Cedar 
Mountain— Terrible Loss of the Seventh - Antietam — Driving the 
Enemy— Defeating Hampton at Dumfries Chancellorsville Gettys- 
burg—Ordered west-Missiim Ridge Taylor's Ridge— A Disastrous 
Repulse Deaths of Creighton and Crane Losses of the Ri-ginu^nt- - 
Its Services in 1861 -Pumpkin Vine Creek —Onlered Home— Grand 
Reception at Cleveland Mustered Out. 

The Seventh Infantry was organized for three 
months .«ervice, at ('amj) Taylor, Cleveland, in the 
latter part of April, 1801; three comiianies being 

•Condensed from Major O. L. Wood's "Seventh Regiment." 



from Cuyahoga county, and the remainder from other 
counties of the Western Reserve. It soon went to 
Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati. On the 11th of 
May the regiment elected E. B. Tyler, of Ravenna, 
as colonel; W. R. Creightou, of Cleveland, as lieu- 
teuant-colonel; aud J. S Casement, of Paincsville, as 
major. Three days later, on the three years call 
being submitted to the men, about three-fourths 
enlisted for that term. The others were discharged, 
recruiting officers were sent home, and on the I'Jth 
and 30th of June the Seventh Ohio Infantry, with 
full ranks, was mustered into the service fur three 

Companies A, B and K were i)rincipally from Cuy- 
ahoga county; Conii)any A, during the war, having a 
hundred and fifty-four men from that county; Com- 
pany B, eighty-four men, and Comjiany K, a hundred 
and sixteen. Besides these, Company C had twenty- 
seven men from Cuyahoga during the war; Company 
D, twenty-three; Company E, three; Company F, 
six; Company G, si.K; Company H, fourteen; and 
Company I, four; the (otal in the regiment, with field 
and staff, being four hundred and thirty-seven. 

In the last days of June the Seventh was ordered 
to Clarksburg, West Virginia. While there, a stand 
of colors was presented to it on behalf of the German 
Turners Society, of Cleveland. The first severe march 
was made from that |)lace to Weston, thirty miles 
distant, on the last afternoon aud night of June. 
After scouting in this vicinity a short time, the 
Seventh marched to the Gauley valley. 

On the 1.5th of August it took post at Cross Lanes, 
where its suffered its first loss. Cajitaiu Schutte 
and fourteen men of Comi)any K, while on a scout, 
were ambushed; the cajitain being mortally wounded, 
and all but four of the men being also killed or 

Having retired from Cross Lanes, aud being or- 
dered to return, it reached there alone on the even- 
ing of August 25th. N.ext morning it was vigorously 
attacked by a heavy rebel force, and some of the com- 
panies thrown into confusion. Captain Crane, with 
Company A, made a charge, piercing the rebel line 
and capturing a stand of colors. His detachment 
was cut off from the main body, however, aud obliged 
to escape through the mountains to Gen. Cox's army 
at Gauley Bridge. Four hundred men under Major 
Casement, being nearly surrounded by an overwhelm- 
ing force, also escaped through the mountains. 
Others escajied singly or in sipiads, but the regiment 
had twenty-one men kilii'd and uciunded, and ninety- 
six taken prisoners. 

The last of October the regiment tciok i)art in driv- 
ing the rebel Gen. Floyd from his intrenchments on 
Cotton Hill, but without loss. 

In December the Seventh moved to Romney, near 
the Potomac, and in the forepart of January, 1802, 
with several other regiments, made a vigorous and 
successful movement, breaking up the intrenched 

camp of a rebel colonel in the mountains, and killing 
and capturing about a hundred of his men. 

During the remainder of the winter the Seventh 
served under that brave and enterprising leader. Gen. 
Lander, and after his sudden death passed under 
the command of Gen. James Shields. On the 11th 
of March liis command occupied Winchester, and on 
the 27th the Seventh took part in its first severe 
battle, that of Winchester. 

After the enemy's plans had developed themselves, 
the Third brigade, with the Seventh Ohio at its head, 
was sent to charge a battery, holding an important 
j>ositioii, in Hank. A heavy rebel force was stationed 
in sujjport, behind a ravine and a stone wall. The 
column charged gallantly, and, although unalile at 
once to drive the foe from his strong position, held 
its ground aud maintained a desperate conflict. Re- 
inforcements came up on both sides, and the two 
armies were soon fully engaged in furious strife. 
Near night the rebels began to retreat. The Union 
army made a charge along its whole line and the re- 
treat soon became a rout. Two pieces of artillery and 
four caissons were captured by the Third brigade. 
The enemy was pursued the next day, but could not 
be overtaken. The Seventh had fourteen killed ami 
fifty-one wounded in this battle. 

After various marches in the valley of the Shenan- 
doah, the regiment took part in the battle of Port 
Republic on the '.tth of June. While it was support- 
ing a section of Huntington's battery, the enemy 
charged the guns. The Seventh lay hidden by a grow- 
ing field of wheat until the rebels were within easy 
range. Then the ringing tones of the gallant Crcigh- 
ton were heard, giving the order to rise up aud fire. 
A shower of bullets riddled the lines of the atlvanc- 
ing column. It staggered and halted. The Seventh 
dashed forward, and after a short but desperate con- 
flict tiie foe was driven back, followed by the victori- 
ous men of Ohio. 

Another charge on the extreme right was also 
rei>elled by the Seventh and some other troops. The 
fiery Jackson was in command of the Confederates 
and a third assault was soon made on the Union 
center, which was repulsed with still more loss than 

Another attack was made, and a Ijattery captured on 
tlie Union left. The Fifth and Seventh Ohio were 
directed to regain it. Under a tremendous fire they 
dashed up a hill and drove the rebels from the guns. 
Five color-bearers of the Seventh were shot down in 
as many rods. Lieutenant King seized the flag as 
the fifth man fell, pressed forward and was followed 
bv the regiment, which drove the enemy to the shel- 
ter of a neighboring hill. From this, too, they were 
driven by the gallant Seventh and their comrades. 

At this time large reinforcements joined the enemy, 
and as General Shields, with a portion of the Union 
army, was several miles in the rear, General Tyler, 
who was in command, thought it best to retreat. In 
this conflict the Seventh had nine men killed, and 



two officers and fifty-ei<;lit men wounded; one of the 
olliccrs l)cing C;ii)(:iiii Woixl. aiiUioi- of tJit; liisloiy of 
I lie refjinient. 

Cdloiiel Tylor having received a brigadier's star, 
Liciilouant-Colonel (!reigliton liad boon made colonel, 
:iiid daptaiii Crane, of (Company A, major. 

IV'iug sent to Alexandria, tiic icgimcnl I'omained 
Micro a month, and then joined McDowell's forces in 
central N'irginia. On the OtJi of August the brigade 
to which tlie Seventh belonged, then commanded by 
(ieneral Geary, was with Ranks at Cedar Mountain. 
In (lie afternoon the Seventh, which was stationed on 
'i'clcgraph Hill, was ordered forward uiulcr the fire of 
I hilly pieces of artillery, to oc(!upy a cornfield in front 
(if it. Tliougli its ranks were torn by cannon balls 
and slu^ll, and its men were falling at every step, it 
moved steadily forward aiul occupied the assigned 

At four o'clock it moved into a meadow, and alone 
engaged in a desperate conflict with a vastly superior 
force of the enemy. Creighton was wounded and 
forced to retire. Crane was disabled. Captain 
.Molyneaux took command. At length, when out of 
tlircH hundred and seven men a hundred and eighty- 
one, nearly two-thirds of the whole number, wove 
kilh'il or wounded, the little liand who remained nn- 
iiijiired shtwiy and sullenly fell back to a safer 

Even then its losses were not ended, for at night it 
was sent out on picket, and while advancing was fired 
on by heavy forces in front, ami on both Hanks, and 
was forced to retire. 

During the night lianks' entire corjjs withdrew to 
the position it had helil before the i)attle. Three 
otliccM's and twenty-seven men of the Seventh were 
killed in this battle, and eight otlicc^rs and a hundred 
anil forty-three men wounded. 

The regiment next retreated with ro|ie"s command 
to Washington, but was not engaged during the time. 
Soon moving north with McClellan, on the 17th of 
September the depleted band, scarcely to be called a 
regiment, took part in the battle of Antietam. 
Ordered to attack the enemy, strongly posted behind 
a rail fence in the edge of a wood, the Seventh with 
other troops maintained a lierce eonllict with mus- 
ketry for an liour and a half, then chai'gcd and <lrovo 
the rebels from their covert at the point of the bayo- 
net, pursuing them fully three-fourths of a mile. 

Taking up an advanced position, the division 
repelled a charge of General A. P. Hill's division, and 
again completely routed the enemy. Similar efforts 
all along the line gave to the Union army the victory 
of Antietam. The Seventh had five men killed and 
thirty -eight wounded in the battle. 

The regiment .soon jiassed into \'irginia. While 
holding the post of Dumfries, on the 3Tth of Decem- 
ber, 1802, with two other regiments, the command 
w;us attacked by Hampton's division of cavalry in the 
night. A few pri.soners were captured on the picket 
line, but when the dismounted cavalry charged upon 

tlie main force they were defeated again and again, 
with very heavy loss. The Seventh had onii man 
killed, eight wounded and eleven captured. 

lieuiaiiiing in northern Virginia through the winter, 
ill .\piil, iS(i:5, it advanced with the Ai'my of the 
Potomac, then under Hooker, and on the second of 
May became warmly engaged in the battle of Chan- 
cellorsville. It was ordered to .-■.u|ipi)rt a line of 
skirmishers, but as these would not, ailvane(\ the 
Seventh j)assed them, drove back the foe, and held 
the ground till ordered to retire*, which it did in good 

On the :;d of ,May the Seventh led its brigade in a 
fiery charge on the enemy, who were driven back, but 
the brigaile, being niisup|)orted, was in turn comjiel- 
led to retire a short distance. During the night tin* 
heavy cannonading compelled its withdrawal to the 
vicinity of United States Ford. Though only en- 
gagen a short time in this battle, the little regiment 
had f(jurteen men killed, and seventy wounded. 

It will be understood that a portion of the vacancies 
caused by death and disability were made good by 
recruits from time to time, but only a poriion. Tlu' 
constant tendency was tosvard decrease. 

In .Tune the Seventh went north with the army of 
the Potomac, and on the second of July was engaged, 
but not severely, in the battle of Gettysburg. It was 
also engaged on the third, but was not in the hottest 
of the tight and was generally under cover. It had 
one man killed and seventeen wounded. 

The regiment was soon after sent to New York, to 
help maintain order during the draft disturbances, 
but in Sei)teniber was ordered back to the Rapidan. 

A little later the war-worn Seventh was scut with 
Hooker's two corps to join the Westei'n army, and in 
due time arrived at Bridgeport. Early in November 
it reached the grand army at Chattanooga, which, 
on l^he 2il\\ of that month, advanceil against Mis- 
sion Ilidge. Only some preliminary skirmishing took 
place that day. The next day it moved with the 
whole army up the precipitous heights of Mission 
iiidge, but in front of its line the foe lied with com- 
paratively little resistance. 

, On the 37th the regiment with other troops re.ichcd 
Ringgold, Georgia, where it found the rebel rear- 
guard strongly posted on Taylor's Ridge. TIk* brigade 
to which it belonged, commanded by its own colonel, 
the fiery Creighton, was ordered to dislodge them. 
The Seventh and Sixty-sixth Ohio charged up tlie 
hill, but met with such a withering fire that they were 
compelled to fall back into a ravine. A deailly lire 
was concentrated on them here, ami Col. Creighton 
again ordered them to retire. As they reached a 
fence, the colonel faced the enemy and waited for his 
men to cross it. While in this position he was shot 
through the Imdy with a ritle-bullet, fell to the 
ground with his wife's name on his lips, and almost 
immediately expired. 

A few moments later Lieutenant Colonel Crane, 
then in command of the Seventh, was instantly killed 


by a rifle ball through the forehead. The command 
rapidly fell back. 

The rebels were .soon obliged to retire by the ap- 
proach of other Union troops, but they had inflicted 
an irro|)araljle loss on the ever-faithful Seventh Ohio. 
Out of two hundred and six men in the action four- 
teen men were killed and forty-nine wounded. The 
instant death of the colonel and lieutenant colonel 
within a few moments of each other, both being men 
of remarkable valor, beloved and honored by their 
comrades, had a very depressing effect on the regi- 
ment and drew attention throughout the army. Gen- 
eral Hooker exclaimed, when hu heard of it: 

•'My (rod, are tiicy dead? Two braver men never 

The loss of the regiment in the three battles of 
Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge and Taylor's Ridge 
was five officers and fourteen men killed, and eight 
officers and fifty-four men wounded. At Taylor's 
Ridge only one officer present was left alive and un- 

The bodies of the two young heroes, Creighton and 
Crane (the former was but twenty-six and the latter 
thirty-four), wore sent home to Cleveland, and buried 
with all the honors that a patriotic and deeply atfected 
community could bestow. 

The Seventh remained near Chattanooga through 
the winter, and in the spring of LSG-t advanced with 
Sherman toward Atlanta. At Pumpkin Vine Creek, 
on the 25th of May, it was warmly engaged for a 
short f-iine; having three men killed and fifteen 
wounded. In June, while in camp at AUatoona, the 
term of the Seventh expired and it was at once or- 
dered home. About two hundred and fifty men, 
whose terms had not expired, were transferred to the 
Fifth Ii\fantry. Two hundred and forty-five officers 
and men, all told, returned home; the remnants of 
over a thousand who went forth at their country's 
call three years before. They were welcomed at 
Cleveland on the 10th of June, 18G4, by an immense 
concourse, and accorded abampietand a formal recep- 
tion; being addressed by Governor Brongh and Pros- 
ecuting Attorney Grannis. 

The men were given a brief furhiugh; not being 
mustered out until after the Fourth of July, on 
which day, with the Eighth Ohio, they received an- 
other grand ovation. 

During the service of the Seventh Ohio more than 
six hundred and thirty of its men were killed and 
W(uinded; a hundred and thirty being slain in the 
Held. Aliout a hundred also died of disease. 

Taking it all in all, considering the number of its 
battles, its marches, its losses, its conduct in action, 
it may safely be said, that not a single regiment in 
the United States gained more lasting honor or de- 
served better of its country than the Seventh Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry. 



William R. Creighton, enrollefl as Captain Company A, April lit, lH(iI. 
Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel June 10, IHGl, and to Colonel May 
30, 186S. Killed at Mission Ridge, November 27, 18H3. 

Orrin J. Crane, enrolled as Captain June 19, 18(>1. Promoted to Major 
May 26, 1S02, and to Lieutenant Colonel March 2, 1863. Killed at 
Mission Ridge November 27, 1883. 

Morris Baxter, enrolled as Corporal April 22, ISCil. Promoted to Ser- 
geant June 20, 1861; to Second Lieutenant Company H, June 1, 18(i:j; 
and to Adjutant September 1, 1803. Died November 30, 1863, from 
wounds received at RingRold, Georgia, November 27, 1803. 

John C. Ferguson enrolled as Assistant Surgeon May 4, 1863. Mustered 
out with the Regiment July 8, 1864. 

John Morris, enrolled as Quarter Master April 2'), 1861. Resigned De" 
cember21, 1861. 

Dean C. Wright, enrolle<l as (.'haplain .I.anuary 11, 1862. Resigned Janu- 
ary 0, 1863. 

Curtiss J. Bellows, enrolled as Surgeon December 1, 1S62. Mustered out 
with the Regiment. 


Dwight n. Brown, enrolled as Sergeint, June 19, 1801. Promoted to Ser- 
geant Major May 24, 18<i2; to Second Lieutenant June 1, 1863. 

Joseph P. Webb, enrolled June 7, 1861, Promoted to Sergeant Major 
January 1, 1862. Killed at battle of Winchester, Virginia, March 23, 

Reuben W. Walters, enlisted August 15, 1802. Transferred to Non-com- 
missioned StalT as Hospital Steward, March l."), ISO 1. Iiiseharged for 
disability March 1, 1865. 


Orrin J. Crane, (See Field and Staff.) 

Joseph B. Molyneaux, enrolled as Lieutenant June 18, 1861. Pro- 
moted to Captain January 1. 1863. Honorably discharged Februar.v 

William A Howe, enrolled as Sergeant June 19, 1801. Promoted to Sec- 
ond Lieutenant April 13, 1862; to.First Lieutenant November II, 1862, 
and to Captain .June 1, 1863 Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Albert C. Burgess, enrolled as First Lieutenant June 10, 1861. Promoted 
to Captain Company F. November 25, 1861. 

George A. McKay, enrolled as First Sergeant June 19, 1881. Promoted 
to Second Lieutenant November 7, 1862; to First Lieutenant June 1, 
1863, and to Captain March 19, 1864. Wounded at Ringgold, Georgia, 
November 27, 1863. Mustered out July 8, 18(i4. 

Dudley A. Kimball, enrolled as Second Lieutenant June 19, 1861. Re- 
signed April 1, 1862. 

Dwight 11. Brown, enrolled as Sergeant June 19, 1861; promoted to Ser 
ge.^nt Major May 24, 1862, to Second Lieutenant Jiuie 1, 1863, and to 
First Lieutenant November 1, 186:^. Mustered out .July 6, 18IU. 

J. G. Clafflin, enrolled as Sergeant June 19, 1861; promoted to First Ser- 
geant November 7, 1862. Mustered out with the regiment July 8, 1864. 

Zebulon P. Davis, enrolled as Corporal June 10, 18<>1 ; promoted to Ser- 
geant Novenib'-T 2(), 1861. Mustered out with the regiment. 

John IL Mallory. enrolled as Corporal June 19, 1861 ; promoted to Ser- 
geant May 14 1862. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Francis WiUiams, enrolled as Corporal June 19, 1861 ; promoted to Ser- 
geant September 1, 186:j. Mustered out with the regiment. 

John H. Galvin, enlisted June 19, 1861; promoted to Corporal September 
1, 1862, and to Sergeant January 16, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Albert Bishop, enlisted lune 17, 1861. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Joseph McClain, enlisted .June 19, 1861; made Bugler July 22, 1862. Mus- 
tered out with the regiment. 

Hiram V. Warren, enlisted June 10, 1861; promoted to Cori>oral May 14, 
1862. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Henry A. Blaiklock, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the n^g- 

Joseph T. Brightmore, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the 

Frederick W. Brand, enlisted Jime 19, 1861. Mustered out with the reg- 

Carlos A. Burroughs, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the reg- 

.John Cronin, enlisted June 10, 1861. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Andrew J, Crippen, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the regi- 

Henry C. Eckert, enUsted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Jacob F Houek, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Benjamin Hatfield, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the regi- 

Robert B. Johnston, enlisted June 19, 1861. Mustered out with the regi- 

Luther W. I^nomis, enlisteil .luni- 19, 1861. Mustereil out with the regi- 
Alonzo J. Morg.m, enlisted Jiuia 19, 1801. Mustered out with the regi- 



CharlPR E. Prehlo, cnlistml June Ifl, 18(11. Mustered out with the regi- 

Charles W. Powell, eiih.steil .June I'.l, 18lil. Mustercil out willi tlie regi- 

Tlionms V. Shorwootl, enlisted June 111, IHHI. Mustered out with the reg- 

Alfred W. Smith, enlisted June 10, ISfil. Mustered out with the regi- 

Edward A, Swayne, enlisted June l!l, lsi;i. Musteml out with the regi- 

('harles W. Smith, enlisted Juno I'l, I'^il. Mustered out with the regi- 

William H. Thurston, enlisted June 1(1, 1R6I. Mustered out with the reg- 

(leorge K. Vaughn, enlisted June 10, IHIM. Miistei-erl out with the regi- 

.lames White, enlisted Jtme 19, 18111. Left in hospital at Cincinnati. 

Kichard I^. Wilsilon, enlisted June lit, isiil. Mustered out with the regi- 

Townley Oillett, enlisted June 1(1, 18111 ; promoted to Corporal. Killed at 
Port Repnblie. Virginia, June 9, 1882. 

Alfrerl Austin, enlisted ,Iinie 19, 1801; promoted to Coqioral September 
11. INfil, Killed at Ringgold, Georgia, November 28, 18ti.i. 

John D. Craig, enlisted June 19, Isill ; promoted to Corpora 1 October .Sii, 
I8(il. Killed at Clmncellorsville, Virginia. May 2, 18G:). 

John ('. Collett, enlisted June 19, 1^61; promoted to Corporal. Killed at 
Ringgold, Georgia, November 27, 186.-). 

.Joseph Hlaekwell, enlisted September 20, 18151. Killed at Cedar Moun- 
tain, Virginia, August 10, 1802. 

John B!indle, enlisted June 19, 1801. Killed at Winchester, Virginia, May 
2, 1802. 

Charles II. Cheeney, enlisted August 7, 1862. Killed at Chancellorsville, 
Virginia, May 1, 180:1. 

Henry A. Pratt, enlisted June 19, 1801. Killed at Chancellorsville. Vir- 
ginia, May 3, 180:i. 

Charles Stern, enlisted Jime 19, ISOl. Killed .at Winchester, Virginia, 
March 2:j, 1S02. 

Adolph Snider, enlisted June 19, 18*11. Killed at Port Republic, Vii-ginia, 
August 9, 1802. 

Ki>hr.aira M. Towne, enlisted June 19, 1801. Killeil at Chancellorsville, 
Virginia, May 3, 186;). 

Morris J. Holl.v, enrolled as Corporal .Time 19, 1801 ; promoted to Ser- 
geant: taken prisoner July 22, 186.3. Mustered out December 17, 1804. 

William Kehl, enrolled .lune 19, 1961. Missing since battle of Winchester, 
Virginia, March 2:1, 1802. 

l^onanl Waeker, enlisted June 19, 1861. Missing since battle of Cedar 
Mo'jntain, Virginia. August 9. 1862. 

Teeodore Lecomjite, enrolled as Sergeant .June 18, 1801. Died ai Sutton, 
Virginia, July 28, 1801. 

Henry J.Brown, enlist<.-d June 19,1861; promoted to Corporal. Died 
August 20, 1802. at Alexandria, Virginia, of wounds received at Cedar 
Moimtain, August 9, 1802. 

I'",dward T. Kelley, enlisted .lime 19, 1861 ; promoted to Corporal. Died 
April 20, 1802, from wounds received at Winchester. 

Francis 1. Werji, enlisted June 19, 1801; promoted to Corporal. Died 
January .">, 183:1, at Alexanilria, Virginia, from wounds received at 
Cedar Mountain, August 9, 18<;2. 

Morrison J. Cannell. enlisted September 11, 18(il. Died at Newbtirg, 
Ohio, Novend>er 18, 1801. 

Thomas Dowse, enlisted August 14, 1862. Die«l at Chattanooga, Tennes- 
.see, December 19, 186:1, from woimds received at Ringgold, G*'orgia, 
Novemljer 27th. 

Abraham Ointer, enlLsterl June 19 1861. Died at Alexandria, Virginia. 
September 1, 1862, from wounds re«eived at Cftdar Mountain, An 
gtist 9th. 

JiM-emiah C. Jones, enlisted June 19, 1801. Died at iiriilgeport, Alabama. 
Ki-hruary 22, 1861. 

Willis K. McLain, eidisted June 19, 1801. Died at (fauley Ridge, Virginia. 
S*'ptember 27, 1801, from accidental wound. 

Michael McCaime, enlisted October .10, IKOI. Dieil at Charleston, Vir 
ginia, November 8, 18'U, of accidental wound. 

Thomas Shepley, enli.sled June 19, 1801. Died at Carnifax Ferry, Vir- 
giuia, September 2, 1861, from woimils reeeive<l at Cross Lanes. 
August 26, 1801. 

L.aiis Schroeder, enlisted Jime 19, 1.801. Acciilenlaily drowned at Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia, Ma.v 21, 1862. 

George E. Spencer, enlisted August 20, 1802. Died at Chattanooga, Ten- 
nessee, December 21, 186:1, from wounds received at Ringgold. No- 
veml>er 27. 

Chester W. Brmlley, enlist<*d August 8, 1802; taken prisoner at Dumfries, 
Virginia, December 27, 1861; was paroled and exchangeil. Mustered 
out May 10. 180.5. 

Simon J. Chelsey, enlisted August i:i, 1S02. Furloughed June 1, 18l« and 
never rejoined the regiment. 

Evan Evans, enli.sted June 19, 1861 ; taken prisoner at Cross I^nes, Vir- 
ginia, August 26, 1802; paroled and exchanged hut never rejoined 
the regiment. 


Andrew J. Scovill, enlisted June 19, 1801 ; taken prisoner at Cross Lanes, 
Virginia, August 20, 1802; ])aroled and exchanged but never rejoined 
the regiment. 

Carlos A. Smith, enlisted June 19, 1801; promoted to Sergeant. Dis- 
charged for disability December 21, 1801. 

Frank Dutton, enrolled as Corporal June 19, 1801. Discharged for disa- 
bility caused by wounds received at Cross Lane August 27th. 

Milton D. Holmes, enlisted June 19, 1801; promoted to Corporal. Dis- 
charged Jamiary 6, 18tJ.3. 

Aaron C Lovett. enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged September 11, 1802, 
for ilisahility caused by wounds receive<l at Port Republic, Virginia, 
Jime 9th. 

Samuel Sweet, enlisted June 19, 1801; promoted to Corporal. Dis- 
charged at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, October 20, 1862. 

Herbert L. Smalley, enrolled as Fifer June 19, 1861; promoted to Cor 
poral. Discharged at Bridgeport, Alabama, February 82, 18IH. 

Marcus Brockwa.y, enrolled as drummer June 19, 1801 . Mustered out 
with the regiment. 

Edward Midlen, enlisted October 12, 1801 ; made drummer. Discharged 
April 14, 1862. 

Lewis Austin, enlsited ,Iune 19. 1801, Discbai-ged February 10, l.sti:t, for 

Perry Bennett, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged for disability Decent 
ber 24, 180;i. 

Charles Ballon, enlisted September 20, 1801. Discharged for disability 
May 10, 1802. 

John H. Burton, enlisted June in, ISOl. Discharged for dis.aliility July 
85, 1868. 

Samuel E. Buchanan, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharge<l for dis.ability 
August i:i, 1802. 

Theodore Burt, enlisted Juno 19, 1861. Discharged July i;i, 1.802. 

John (i. Bur ns, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharged April 2.5, 180:i. 

Daniel W. Claney, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged July 19, 1808. 

Ferdinand Cregne, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged for disalHlity 
November 3, 1802. 

Leander H. Campbell, enlisttMl June 19, 1801. Discharged for dis.ability 
December 10, 1862. 

AlexanderM Clinton, enlisted September 20, 1801. Discharged for dis- 
ability November 27, 1802. 

George VV. Evans, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharged for disability June 
20, 1802. Fresher, eidisted June 19,1X01. Discharged for disability May 
0, 1802. 

Fred. P. Fat rand, enlisted September 20, 1801, Discharged for disability 
November 4, 1802. 

H. F. Gardner, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged for disability June 
1.5, 1802. 

William F. (lillson, enlisted September 11, l.siil. Discharged fin- disa- 
ability January 2:), 180:3. 

Jabez C. Ga/.ely, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged for disability 
April 8, 186:j. 

William N. Hubbell, eidisted June 19, 1801. Discharged for disability 
December 21, 1801. 

Fred. W. Hoffman, enlisli-d June 19, 1801, Discharged for disability 
October 29, 1.862. 

Oivis F. Jackman, enlisted August 8, 1802. Discharged Nov. 20, l.SC:?. 

Philip Kelley, enlisted March 28, 1802, Discharged for ilisabiiity No- 
vember 28, 1808. 

Charles A. Keller, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharged for disability 
November 11, 1802. 

Frederick Keller, enlisted October 26, 1861 . Discharged for disability 
January .5, 1803. 

David B. Lawrence, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharged July 20, 1802. 

Artliui- I.,appin, enlisted June 19, 18<>1. Discharged for disability Decem- 
ber 24, 1802. 

J.-imes J. Lloyd, enlisted June 19, Isoi. Discharged for ilisabiiity Jan- 
uary 2. 186:). 

William Lucas, enlisted September 8, 1802, Discharged fi>r disability 
February S, 1863. 

Fred. G. McDowell, enlisted June 19, |80I. Discharged for disability 
February 1, 1862. 

Joseph Miller, enlisted June 19, 1801. Discharged for disability July 
10, 1802. 

Isaju- Masclleld, enlistcil June 19, 1861. Discharged for disability Janu- 
ary 10, 1803 

Stephen Mills, enlisted August 11, 1802. Discharged for disability Feb- 
ruary 9, 186). 

.John II. Prestage, enlist.d June 19, lMi;i. Disiliarged for disability 
December 2:), 1801 

J.ilm (i. Parsons, enlisted .lune 19, l.SOl. Discharged for disaliility 
January 8, I8t>3. 

Charles H. Ranney, enlisted June 19. 180]. Dischargeil for disability 
October li. 18<(I. 

Thomas Riehell. enlisted June 19, 1861. Disi-hargeil for disability Sep- 
tember 30, 1803. 

Edward St. I..awrence, enliste<J June 19, 1801. Discharged for disability 
January 31, 1803. 



Thomas J. ScoviU, enlisted Jane 19, 1861. Discharged for disability 

July 8, 1863. 
George W. Simmons, enlisted Juno l!l, 1801. Discharged for disaViility 

January 17, 1863. 
David C). Stein, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged April 88, 1863. 
William N. Thompson, enlisted June 19, 18(>1. Discharged for disability 

March 31, 1863. 
Ford W. White, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged for disability Octo- 
ber 20, 1861. 
William Saddler, enrolled as Corporal June 19, 1861; promoted to Ser- 
geant. Transferred to the invalid corps January 1.5, 1SB4. 
John H. Bower, enlisted June 19. 1861. Transferred to the invalid corps 

September 1, iWi. 
Theo. F. Hammond, enlisted June 19, 1861. Transferred to invalid 

corps July 1, 186.3. 
Jacob Heege, enlisted August 11, 1862. Tranterred to invalid corps 

September 1, 1863. 
Frederick Ehode.s, enlisted August 8, 1808; transferred to invalid corps 

January 15, 1864. Mustered out June 30, 180,5. 
Isaac Stratton, enlisted April 20, 1861. Transferred to Company F, 

June 20, 1861. 
Myron H. Whaley. enlisted June 19, 1861 ; taken prisoner at Cross Lanes, 

Virginia, August 26, 1861. Exchanged and transferred to 8d United 

States Cavalry. 
Albert D. Forby, enlisted August 31, 1862; transferred to Company B, 

5th Regiment, October 31, 1804. Mustered out May 30, 1865. 
William Southwell, enlisted August 26, 1862. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1861; promoted to Sergeant November 

23, 18M: mustered out June 5, 1865. 
Stephen Averill. enlisted August 5, 1.S62. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, and promoted to Corporal October 31, 1864; mus- 
tered out May 29, 1865. 
Thomas Ryan, enlisted July 2, 1862. Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31, 1864; promoted to Corporal March 1, 1865; 

mustered out June 5, 1805. 
Edwin L. Wright, enlisted August 25, 1802. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, and promoted to Corporal October 31, 1801; mus- 
tered out Jime 5, 1865. 
Ilichard L. Barber, enlisted August 80, 1802; Transferred to Company B. 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864; mustered out May 30, 1865. 
John Eucher, enlisted August 31, 1802; Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31, 1804; mustered out July .5, 186.5. 
John Gear, enlisted August 2, 1802; Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31, 1804; mustered out June 5, 1805. 
William Horn, enlisted August 1, 1802. Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31. 1864; mustered out June 5, 1.865. 
Jacob Ott, enlisted August 19, 18<ia. Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31. 1864; mustered out June 5, 1S05. 
James Sherwood, enlisted August 6, 1862. Ti-ansferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment. October 31. 1804; mustered out June 5, 1805. 
Samuel Sadler, enlisted Angust 26, 186!. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864; mustered out June 5, 1865. 
Leonard Noble, enlisted August 7, 1862. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 181V4; mustered out June 5, 1805. 
Fr ink Randall, enlisted October 9, 18ti2. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1861; mustered out July 20, 1805. 
Adolphus M. Randall, enlisted October 8, 1862. Transferred to Company 

B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1801; nuistered out July 18, 1865. 
William H. Johnson, enlisted October 10, 1861. Transferred June 11, 

ISM, to Fifth Infantry. 
Franklin G. Rockefeller, enlisted September 20, 1861. Transferred June 

11, 1804, to Fifth Infantry. 
William Seufert, enli'Sed October 11, 1801. Transferred June II. 1861. to 

Fifth Infantry. 
William Williams, enlisted October 11, 1861. Transferred June 11, 1804, 

to Fifth Infantry. 
Lewis J. Watkins, enlisted September 11, 1861. Transferred June 11, 

1804, to Fifth Infantry. 
William E. Forbey, enlisted September 20. 1801. Promoted to Corporal 

Transferred June 11,_1864, to Fifth Infantry. 
Charles A. Wood, enlisted September 11, 1861. Transferred June 11, 

1864, to Fifth Infantry. 
Charles Baker, enlisted August 26. 1808. Transferred June 11, 1804, to 

Fifth Infantry. 
Edward Hart, enlisted August 18, 1,802. Transferred June 11, IKW, to 

Fifth Infantry. 


James F. Sterling, enrolled as Captain, April 22, 1861. Promoted Sep- 
tember 1, 1862, to Lieutenant Colonel of the One Hundred and Third 
Regiment . 

Merwin Clark, enrolled as First Sergeant, June 19, 1861 . Promoted to 
Second Lieutenant February 20, 1802; to First Lieutenant July 23, 
1862, andto Captain June 1,180:). Mustered out July 6. 1864 . Re-en- 
listed as Lieutenant Colonel of the One Hundred and Eighty -Third 
Regiment, November 16, 1864. Killed in action, at Franklin, Ten- 
nessee, November 30, 1864. 

Henry Z. Eaton, enrolled as Second Lieutenant, June 17, 1861. Pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, February 20, 1863. Honorably discharged 
November 14, 1862. 

Edwin H. Bourne, enrolled as Sergeant Company K, April 22, 1801. 
Promoted Second Lieutenant July 25. 1803. and to First Lie\itenant 
of Company B, November 1, 1863. Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Joseph Cry ne, enrolled as Sergeant June 19, 1881 . Promoted to Second 
Lieutenant July 33, 1808. Transferred to Company I, May 25. l.Hr.3. 
Mustered o\it July 6. 1864. 

Levi F. Bauder, enrolled as Sergeant April 32, 1861. Promoted to First 
Sergeant September 30, 1803. Mustered out July 6, 1804. 

Marcus M. Cutler, enrolled as Corporal April 22, 18til Promoted tfl 
Sergeant September 1, 18)2. Wounded at Ringgold, Georgia. No 
vember 27, 1803 . 

Joseph Frotier. enlisted June 20. 1861. Promoted to Corporal May 10, 
1802, and to Sergeant November 1. 1862. Wounded at Cedar Moun 
tain August 9, 1802. Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Marshall Walker, enlisted June 80, 1801. Promoted to Coriioral Septem- 
ber 1, 1862, and to Sergeant Jvme 1, 1863. Mustered out with the 
Company July 0, 1864. 

Franklin R. Gasklll, enlisted June 20, 1861. Promoted to Corporal Sep- 
tember 1, 1862, and to Sergeant January 1, 1804. Wo\mded at Cedar 
Mountain, Vii-ginia, August 9, 1863, and at Reseca, Georgia, May 15, 
1864. Mustered out July 6, 18(V4. 

Jesse Hardesty. enlisted June 30, 1861. Promoted to Corporal Septem- 
ber 1, 1802. Taken prisoner at Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1.8li3. ami 
paroled September 13tb. Wounded at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. 
Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Lawrence K. Lamphear, enUsted June 21, 1861 Promoted to Corporal 
January 1, 1804. Wounded at Antietam, Maryland, September IT. 
1862. Mustered out July 6, 1804. 

Jacob Marks, enlisted June 20, 1861. Promoted to Corporal Septemlier 
1, 1862. Wounded at Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1802 and at Dallas, 
Georgia, Ma.v 35, 18(>4. Mustered out .January, 22. 1865. 

Samuel E. Gordon, enlisted April 32, 1861. Promoted to Corporal Janu 
ary 1, 18a2. Wounded at Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August 9, 1808. 
Mustered out July 0, 1864 

Edward E. Stebbins, enrolled as Drummer, June 80 1861. Mustered out 
J>dy 6. 1861. 

Andrew AttofE. enlisted April 83, 1801. Taken prisoner at Dumfries, 
Virginia, December 87, 1802. Rejoined the Company, June 5, 1863. 
Mustered out July 0, 1864. 

Daniel T. Boyle, enlisted June 6, 1861. Taken prisoner at Cross Lanes. 
Virginia. August 26, 1861; released lune 6, 1868. Wounded at Cban- 
cellorsville. May 3, 1863. Transfered to Invalid Corps, September 
30. 1863. 

Lucius Aley, enlisted June it). 1861. Mustered out July 6. l.^l. 

Charles F. Chase, enlisted June 7, 1861. Transferred to Battery I, Fii-st 
Ohio Light Artillery, December 5, 1861. 

Jacob A. Carson, enlisted August 82. 1862. Wo\mded at (ieltysbiu-g, 
July 3, 1.863. and at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 19, 1801. Trans- 
ferred to (Nnnpany B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1801. Discharged 
June 5. 1865. 

Sylvester Carter, enlisted August 7, 1862. Womided at Dumfries. Vir- 
ginia, December 27, 1863. Transferred to Company B, Fifth Regi- 
ment. October 31, 1801. Mustered out May 30, 1805, 

Edward Case, enlisted September 3:!, 180:i Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. Absent at Hospital since 84th 
April, 1865. 

Francis Clifford, enlisted June 80, 1861. Mustered out July 6, 1804. 

John F Gordon, enlisted August 13, 1863. Taken prisoner at Dumfries, 
Virginia, December 27, 1803 Released and rejoined the C'ompany. 
Wounded at Gettysburg, July 3, 180:3. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment October 31, 18(il. Mustered out July 36, 1865 

George H. Simmonds. enlisted June 10. 1,861. Transferred to Battery I. 
First Ohio Light Artillery. December 5, 1801. 

Albert A. Wooley, enlisted June 5, 1801 . Transferred to Battery I, First 
Ohio Light Artillery, Decembers, 1861. 

Guslavus A. Zirnier, enlisted June 8, 1801. Discharged for disability 
December 5, 1802. 

Ernest A. Zwicker, enlisted April 83, 1861. Wounded at Cedar Mountain, 
August 9, 1802, Discharged October 25, 1862. 

Renssalear R. Peebles, enlisted May 30, 1861. Discharged November 30, 

Albert E. Withers, enlisted June 6, 1861. Wounded at Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, March 3:i, 1.803. Dischar ed October 84. 1803. 

George A. Wood, enlisted June 6, 1.S61. Wounded at Antietam, Mary- 
land, September 17, 18ij3. Discharged October 24, 1862. 

Mitchell St. Ange, enlisted June 11, 1861 . Wounded at c:hancellorsville, 
Virginia, May 3, 1863. Leg crushed in railroad accident. Discharged 
January 23, 1864. 

Duncan Reid, enlisted June 8, 1861. Wounded at Winchester, Virginia. 
March 2:). 1802. Discharged July .30, 1803. 

Joseph G.asser, enlisted .June 80, 1861 . Wounded at Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, March 83, 1803. Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Frank Ilenrich, enlisted Jime 30, 1861. Wounded at Cedar lilouulain. 
Virginia, August 9, 1863. Mustered out July 6, 1864. 



Joseph Kubler, enlisted June 30, 1801. Wounded at Antietam, Septem- 
ber 17, 1803, aud ot Chancollorsville, May 3, 18G3. Mustered out July 

0, ISiil. 

Bernard Mulgrew, eulisUnl June 30, 18B1. MusU^red out July C, 1H«4. 
Tlionias C. Kiddle, enlisted June 20, ISfil. Wounded at Cedar Mountain, 
Virginia, August !», 1S63. Mustered out with the Regiment JulyU, 


K. M. MoClainin, enlisted June 30, ISlil, Wounded at (Settysburg, July 

1, 18Ki. Mustereil out with the Resiment. 

David Kussell, enlisted June 30, 1801 Mustered out with the Kegimeut. 
Juhnsou Russell, enlisted June 30, Wil. Mustered out with the Regi- 
Ueorge t'. Robinson, enlisted Juno 30, 18U1. Taken prisoner at Cross 
Lanes. Virginia, August 30, l.Stil. Released June 0, 1»03, but never 
rejoined the Company. 
(Jeorge Sti'iiiberger, enlisted June 20, ISOl. Wounded at Antietam, 

Jlaryhind. Sei>lember 17, 1803. Clustered out with the Regiment. 
Krederiek Spencer, enlisted June 20, 1801. Mustered out with the Reg' 

iment . 
(inslavus Sehmidt, enrolled as Sergeant June 30, 1801. Mustered out 

witli the regiment. 
James E. Wyalt, enlisted June 20, 1801. Mustered out with tlie regiment. 
George W. Williams, enlisted June 20, 1801 ; taken prisoner at Cross 
Lanes. Virginia. August 30, 1801 ; released January 6, 1862. Mustered 
out with the regiment. 
Starr B. Woml, enlisted April! 33, 1801; deserted December 10, 1801; re- 
joined the company September 11, 1H03; wounded at Dallas, Georgia, 
May 35, 1801. Mustered out with the regiment. 
Thomas C. Brown, enlisted April ti. 1801; promoted to Corporal. Killed 

at Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August !>, 1H03. 
Claik L. Wilson, enlisted June 30, 1801; |)r .moted to Corporal. Killed 

at C:edar Mountain, Vii'ginia, August » 1803. 
William Adams, enlisted June 30, 1801. Killed at Cedar Mountain, Au- 
gust !), i8ti2. 
James Carroll, enlisted June 20, 1801. Killed at Winchester, Virginia, 

March 23, 1,S03. 
Allien C. Lamb, enlisted June 30. 18til. Killed at Winchester, March 33, 

KUeridge Meacham, enlisted April 33, ISOl. Killed at Antietam, Mary- 
land September 17, 1803. 
Kdgai G. Meekins, enlisted March 7, 1803. Killed at Cedar Mountain, 

Virginia. August 0, 1802. 
tieorge O. Sperry, enlisted June 20, 1801. Killed at Antietam, Maryland, 

September 17, 1803. 
Grant Goodrich, enlisted Juno 30, I.S01. Died in hospital at Alexandria, 

Virginia, July 39, 1803, 
James McCabe. enlisted June X. 1801 ; taken Drisoner at Cross Lanes, 
Virginia, August 30, 1801 . Paroled and died at Cleveland, Ohio, while 
on furlough January — , 1803. 
Morris Uaxter, see Field and Staff. 

Asa H, l'"itch, enrolled as Sergeant April 33, 1801; wounded at Winches- 
ter, Virginia. March 2:i, 1803. Discharged December 19, 1873. 
Neliemiah O. Kddy, enlisted AprU 33, 1801; promoted to Corporal. Dis- 
charged July 1 1, 1803. 
David I. ICnekial enrolled as Corporal June 20, 1861 ; promoted April 18 

1803, to Sei-geant . 
William E. Smith, enrolled as Corporal June 30, 1801; wounded at Win- 
chester, Virginia, March 33, 18<i3. and at Cedar .Mountain, Virginia, 
August 9, 18ii3. liischargeil at hospital December 9. I8ii2. 
Alonzo Austin, enlisted June 30. 1801. Dischargeil July 31. 1S(]3. 
Abraham S. Bennett, enlisted Septi-mber .">, 18(;3. Discharged October 

18. 1803. 
Charles Cunningham, eulisted April i'i. 1801. Discharged September 

10, 1803. 
William Council, enlisted June 30, 1801 ; wounded at Cedar Mountain, 

August 9, 1803. Discharged Oclolicr 18, 1802. 
Charles L. Chapman, enli-ted A|iril 33, 1801. Taken prisoner at Cross 
Lanes, Virginia, August 20, 1801. Released January 13, 1863, aud 
• lohn Coyle, cnllste<l June 30, 1801; wounded at Cedar Mountain, Vir- 
ginia, August 9, 1803. Discharged January 9, 1863. 
.lolui Davis, enlisted August 38, li>03. Discharged for disability Feb- 
ruary 2, 1803. 
Kugene W. Elliott, enlisted June 30, 1801. Discharged July 10. 1803. 
Charles Kagan, enlisted June aJ. 1801; wounded at Winchester, Vir- 
ginia. March ■£>. 1.803. Dischargeil January I, 1863. 
Leonard Geitz, enlistcnl June 30, 1861. Discharged May 2.). 18(i3. 
.losiah M. Holt, enlisted April 2:), 1801. Dischai-ged .lanuary 'J, 1803. 
riiny E. Hill. enllsU-d June 20, 1861 ; wounded at Cedar Mountain, Vir- 
ginia, August 9, 1803, and at Antietam, Maryland, September 17, 
18ia. Dischargeil October 3."i, 1863. 
,lohn Hayli>r, enlisted June 20. 1801. Dischargeil November 13, 18B2. 
Benjamin Haahtield, eulisttd June 30, 1881; wounded at Cedar Moun- 
tain, Virginia, August 9, 1863. Discharged November 0. 1863. 
John D. .lones. enlisted Juue 30. 1.861. Dischargeil February 1, 1862, 
William F. Latch, enlisted April 23, 1801; wouuiled at Ci^dur Mountain, 
Virginia, August 9, 1802. Dischai-ged January 29, 186:1. 

Edward L. Marble, enlisted April 33, 1861. Discharged February 1, 1802. 
Roswell E. Mathews, enlisted June 20, 1861. Discharged for disability 

November 38, 1802. 
Martin Nicholas, enlisted June 20, 1861. Discharged January 9, 1803. 
Charles Cowan, enlisted April 22, 1801 ; discharged at hospital, March 1, 

180:t; re-enlisted September 25, 1803; wounded July 30, 1.S04; trans 

ferred to Company B., 5th Regiment, October 31, 1804. Mustered out 

July 30, 1805. 

C0M1'.\NV I,'. 

Llewellyn R. Davis, enrolled as Cori>oral .June 19, 1801. Promoted to 
Second Lieutenant Company D, May 1. 1803; to First Lieutenant 
Company E, November 2, 1803; to Captain Company C, March 30, 
1804. Taken prisoner at Dallas, Georgia, May 35, l.SGl. Discharged 
December 19, 1801. Re-onlisted as Lieutenant Colonel of tho One 
Hundred and Eighty Seventh Regiment, Marcli|3, 1805. Mustered out 
January 23, 1800. 
Charles E. Wall, enlisted August 23, 1803. Killed at Ringgold, Geoi-gia, 

November 37, 18*i3. 
Joseph McCauon. enlisted August 35, 1862. Died July 23, 1863, from 

wounds receiveil at Gettysburg, July 3. 
Levi Myers, eidisted August 30, 1803. Died in hospital at Nashville, De- 
cember 30. 1803. 
Thouuis Sweet, enlisted August 39, 1803. Died November 30, 1803, of 

wounds received at Ringgold, November 37. 
Nicholas Gaflett, enlisted September 10, 1803. Discharged February 18, 


Philip Grigsby, enlisted September II, 1863. Discharged July »1, 1803, 

because of wounds received at Dumfries, Virginia, December 37, 18(i2. 

Edward E. Kelsey, enlisted February 27, 1-02. Discharged March 23, 1804. 

True Raud, enlisted August 30, 1803. Transferred June II, 1804, to Com- 

I)any B, Fifth Infantry. 
John I'hillips, enlisted September 8, 1802; wounded at Ringgold, Georgia, 
November 27, 1803. Transferred Juno 11. 1804, to Company B, Fifth 
William O. Barnes, enlisted August 15, 1803; wounded at Ringgold, 
Georgia, November 37, 1863. Transferred to Fifth Regiment, Com- 
pany B, October 31, 1864. Discharged for disability. 
Freeman Bunker, enlisted August :10, 1863. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804, and promoted to Corporal. Mus- 
tered out June 5, 1805. 
Alfred T. Dann, enlisted September 13, 1803. Transferred to Company 

B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. Mustered out Juiu- 5, 1805. 
John Finneran. enlisted September 4, 1803. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, ISOl. Mustered out July 36, 1865. 
Daniel P. Wood, enlisted August 13, 1803. Killed at Ringgold, Georgia, 

November 37. 186:1. 
Benjamin L. Sevey, enlisted August 33, 1803. Discharged for disability 

February 5, 180:). 
R. C. Van Orman, enlisted August 30, 1863. Discharged for disability 

February 15, 18iM. 
James W. Raymond, enlisted August 6, 1863. Promoted to Corporal. 
Wounded at Ringgold, Georgia, November 27, 186:j. Transferred 
Juue II, 1804. to Fifth Infantry, 
lames C. Bartlett, enlisted August 18, 1863. Transferred June 11, 1864 

to Fifth Infantry. 
Franklin M. Forbes, enlisted August 14, 1803. Transferred to Company 

B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Discharged. 
Silas Gleason, enlisted Augu 1 9, 1803. Transferred to Company B, Fifth 

Regiment. October 31, 1804. Mustered out May 30, 1805. 
William Grant, enlisted August 11, 1863. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Transferred again to Veteran 
Reserve Corps . 
Owen Hicks, enlisted August 30, 1863. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment. October 31, 1804. Promoted to Fii-st Sergeant June 
180.5. Mustered out July 30, 1805. 
.lohn T.,owrey, enlisted August :M, 1802. Transferred to Comi)aiiy B, 

Fifth Regiment. Octol)er 31, 1804. Mustered out Jidy 30, 1805. 
James T. Myers, enlisted August :iO, 1803. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1861. Mustcri'd out June ii, 1865. 
William Proctor, enlisted August :», 1803. Transferred to Company B_ 
Fifth Regiment. October 31, 1801. Transferred agam to Veteran 
Reserve Corps. 
Joseph M . Stowc. enlisted August 30, 1802. Transferred to Company B> 

Fifth Regiment Oct<)ber31, 1801. Mustered out May l."i, 1863 
Mitchell H Sheldon, enlisted August io. 1803. Transferred toCompany 
B. Fifth Regiment OcUiber 31, 18iH, and promoted to Sergeant 
Mustered out Jinie 5, 1805. 


George Shively . enlisted August 25, 1808. Discharged fordisability Jau- 
uarj' 13, 180:1. 

John B. Wirts, enlisted August 14, 1803. Discharged for disability Feb- 
ruary 19, 1803. 

FrcHlerick Bose, enlisted March 20, 1802. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, Octolier 31, 18(H Disehai-god March 30, 1863. 

Edwin Green, eidisted August lu, 1863. Transferred Juno 11, 1801, 
to Fifth lufrntry. 



William J . Hutcliiuson, enlisted August 15, 1863. Transferred to Com- 
pany B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, lbU4. Mustered out June 5, 

Westal W. Huut, enlisted August 15, 1862. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, WIH. Mustered out June 5, 1M!5. 

George Henrick, enlisted August 25, 1862. Transferred to Company B. 
Fiftli Regiment, Octuber 31, ISW. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 

Sherman R. Norris, enlisted August -S. lH*i2. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, m'A. Mustered out June 5, 18(i5. 

Albert W. Nash, enlisted August 2(1, 1H62. Transferred to Comjiany B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

Samuel R. Pullman, enlisted August 13, 1S62. Transferred to Company 
B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Mustered out June 21, 1865. 

George Valleau, enlisted October ri, 1862. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1861. Discharged for disability. 

John A. B'ranks, enlisted June VJ, 18iil: taken prisoner May 3, 1863; re- 
.ioined the Company November 5, 1863. Mustered out July 7, 1864. 

Alfred E. Smith, enlisted June 7, 1861. Mustered out with the Company 
July 7, 1861. 

Perry H. Smith, eulisted Juno 7 1861. Mustered out with the Company. 

Norraau L. Norris, enlisted April 2;i, 1861 ; promoted to corporal. Died 
at Alexandria, Virginia, September 4, 1862, from wounds received at 
Cedar Mountain August iilh. 

Emory W. Force, enlisted us sergeant Jime 19, 1861. Discharged for 
disability May 10, 1862. 

Amos C. Fisher, enlisted June l!l, 1801; promoted to Corporal. Dis 
charged for disability May 10, 1862. 

John A. Cutler, enlisted June 19, 1861. Discharged October 22, 1863. 

Thomas M. Lander, enlisted June 111, 1861. Discharged October 27, 1862. 

John Rowe, enlisted June HI, 18<)1. Discharged October 11', 1862. 

.Tames A. Rubicon, enlisted June I'J, 1801. Discharged for disability Oc- 
tober 30, 1862. 

Stephen A. Smith, enlisted June 7, 1861. Discharged for disability June 

16, 1S6S. 


Oliver Griunell, enlisted August 30, 1862. Killed at Ringgold, Georgia, 

November 27, 1863. 
Daniel Floro, enlisted September 3, 1862. Died at Alexandria, Virginia, 

Januarys, 18&i. 
Jesse Floro, enlisted September 3, 1862. Transferred to Company B, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. Mustered out June 5, 1865. 


Albert C. Burgess, transferred from Company A. Promoted to Captain 

November 25, 1861 . Resigned July 'J, 1862. 
Oscar W. Sterle, enrolled as Sec'»nd Lieutenant of Company K June 

17, 1861. Promoted to First Lieutenant February 2, 1863, and trans- 
ferred to Company F. Resigned April 18, 1863. 

Harlow Camp, enlisted August SI, 1862. Died at Harper's Ferry, Vir 
ginia, November 25, 1863. 

John Rohr, enlisted June 30, 1861. Discharged for disability October 1, 
1862. Re-enlisted October 23, 1802. Accidentally wounded, and dis- 
charged July 3, 1803. 

John Bergin, enlisted October 10, 1862. Transferred June 11, 1864, to 
Fifth Infantry. 

William Stanford, eulisted March 28, 18tM. Transferred to Company G, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 

Isaac Stratlon, enlisted April 20, 1861, in Company A. Transferred to 
Company F, June 20, 1861 . Promoted to Sergeant February 28, 1863. 
and to First Sergeant September 1, 186^1. Wotmded slightly at Chan- 
cellorsville, Virginia, May 3, 186^1. Lost left eye at Gettysburg, July 
3, 1863. Killed near Dallas, Georgia, May 25, 1864. 

Albert Stedman, eulisted March 27, 1802. Killed at Port Republic, Vir 
giiua, Junea, 1802. 

Enoch M. Douthett, enlisted August 8, 1862. Died at Dumfries, Virginia, 
March 4, 1863. 

George H. Clark, eulisted. September 13, 1863. Transferred to the Inva- 
lid Corps August 15, 1803. 

Tunis S. Danforth, enlisted Jidy 2ti, 1802. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Mustered out June 16, 1865. 

Ephraim FUckinger, enUsted August 11, 1802. Transferred to Invalid 
Corps, August 11, 1863. 

John Garrison, eulisted August 8, 1868. Transferred to Company B, 
Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Mustered out June 5, 1865. 

Christian Nesper, enlisted in Company K, April 22, 1861. Promoted to 
Second Lieutenant, July 25, 1862; to First Lieutenant, November 1. 
1883, and to Captain; traustei red to Company H, April 23, 1864- Mus- 
tered out July 7, 1864. 

Amnion D. Baruum, enlisted August 21, 1802. Died at Harper's Ferry, 
Virginia, February 12, 1863. 

Samuel H. Bamum, enlisted August 20, 1802. Died at Washington, D. 

C, May 17, 186;3, from wounds received at Chancellorsville, Virginia, 

May 3. 
William H. Fox, enlisted August 26, 1862. Discharged November 30, 

1863, for disabili y caused by wounds. 
Solomon Bi-obst, enlisted September 6, 1862. Transferred to Company 

G, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
James C. Brook.s, enlisted August 30, 1862. Transferred to Company 0. 

Fifth Regira. ut, October 31, 1864. 
Ed. A. Crosby, enlisted August 13, 1862. Transferred to Company G, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Frank .1. Covert, enlisted August 33, 186'2. Transferred to Company G, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. 
Peter M. Hardman, enlisted August 37, 1862. Transferred to Company 

0, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
James Loveless, eulisted August 38, 1802. Transferred to Company G, 

Fifth Regiment, Octiiber 31, 18IU. 
Jonathan Moore, enlisted August 38, 1862. Transferred to Company G, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Otis Martin, enlisted August '23, 1863. Transferred to Company G, Fifth 

Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
George W. Oliver, enlisted August 11, 1863. Transferred to Company G, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Abrabaiu Kamalia, enlisted August 33, 1862. Transferred to Comiiany 

O, Fifth Regimeut, October 31, 1864. 
James Hunt, enlisted August 22, 1862. Transferred to Ctiuipany G, 

Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1804. 

Randall B. Palmer, enlisted December 17, 1861. Discharged for disa- 
.ibility July -ii, 1862. 

Thomas B. Dorau, enlisted June 111, 1861. Transferred to Veteran Re- 
serve Corps, March 16, 18i>4. 

George Metcalf, enlisted December 17, 1861. Transferred to Comjiany 
B, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. Discharged at end of term, 
December 17, lS(i4. 

Theodore W. Pratt, enlisted December 17, 1861. Transferred to Com- 
pany G, Fifth Regiment, October 31, 1864. 


John T. Schulte, enrolled as Captain April H-i, IWil. Killed in skirmish 

near Cross Lanes, Virginia, August 20, 1861. 
E. T. Krieger, enrolled as First Sergeant April 2-2, 1861; promoted to 

First Lieutenant April 13, 1862, and to Captain February il, 1863. 

Mustered out jiily 0, 1864 
L, F. Mitchelm, enrolled as First Lieutenant June 17, 1861. Resigned 

April 13, 1802. 
Christian Nesper. enli-sted April 22, 1861; promoted to Second Lieutenant 

July 25, 1862; to First Lieutenant November 1, 1863, and to Captain 

Company H April 33, 1864. 
Oscar W. Sterle, enrolled as Second Lieutenant June 17, 1861; promoted 

to First Lieutenant February 2, 186'2, and assigned to Company F. 
Charles Ludwig, enlisted June 3, 1861 ; promoted to P'irst Sergeant Feb- 
ruary 1, 1861. Mustered out with the Company July 7, 1861. 
George Sold, enlisted April 32, 1861; promoted to Sergeant. Blustered 

out with the company. 
John Hacfele, enlisted April 'H, 1861; promoted to Sergeant. Mustered 

out with the company. 
Conrad Sommers, enrolled as Corporal April 32, 1861. Mustered out 

with the company. 
John Schott, eulisted April 22, 1861; promoted to Corpural. Mustered 

out with the company. 
Charles Zinunernian, eulisted August 2, 1802. Transferred to Company 

G. 5th Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Charles Walley, enlisted August 9, 1862. Transferred to Company G, 5th 

Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Charles Haehkel, enlisted April '23, 1861. Transferred to Mississippi Ma- 
rine Brigade. 
Sigo Tyroler, enlisted August 25, 1802. Transferred to Company G, 5th 

Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Jacob Schneeberger, enlisted October 7, 1861. Transferred to Company 

G, 5th Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Franz Schaedlor, enlisted October 7, 1861. Transferred to Company G, 

5th Regiment, October 31, 1804. 
Michael Schmidt, enlisted August *27, 18(>3. Transferred to Company G, 

5th Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Martin Saizer, enlisted August 30, 1802. Transferred to Company G, 5th 

Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
John Sohurssler, enlisted June 3, 1861. Transferred June 11, 18(V4, to — . 
Joseph Rowe, enlisted August 21 , 1862. Transferred to Company O, 5th 

Regiment, October 31, 1864. 
Henry Hoffman, eulisted August 35, 1802. Transferred June II, 1861, 

to . 

David F. Dorr, eulisted August '20. 1862. Transferred June 11, 1864, to 



Coney Deitz, enlisted AugiisfcSO, 1802. Transferred to Company G, Fifth 
Regiment, October 31, ISGI. 

Conrail Bnchman, enlisted llecemljer i8, ISda. Transf'erreil lot'ompany 
G, Fifth llegiment, OctolierSI, IKIU. 

William Weber, enlisted August 27, 1862. Promoted to Corporal . Trans- 
ferred June 11, IfWI, to . 

Andrew Riek, enlisted October 5, 1861. Promoted to Sergeant. Trans- 
ferred June 11, 1864, to 

Christian Oeltinger, enlisted Julie 3, 1861. Transferred to Company G, 
I ifth Kegimeut October 31, 1861. 

Herman Tetzer, enlisted March 28, 1862. Discharged Juno 14, 1864, for 
disability cause<i by wounds 

Ji>hn Bauer, enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with the Company, 
July 7, mu. 

Fi-ideriok Bock, enlisteil April 22, 1861 

Albert Burgur, enlisted Juno 3, 1861. 

Henry Kaubol. enlisted April 22, 1861 

Kngelbcrt Fen/., enlisted June 3, 1861 

Tobias Flabbig, enlisted June 3, 1861. 

Christian llahn, enlisted June3 1861 

Geor-ge H..IT. 

Mustered out with the Regiment. 
Mustoi*ed out with tlie Kegiment. 
Mustered out witli the Itegiment. 
Mustered out, witli the Kegiment. 
Mustered out with the Regiment. 
Mustered out with tiie Company, 
enlisted April 22, 1861 . Lett sick at Washington D . C . , 
, 1868. 

Solomon Rentz, enlisted June 3, 1861 . Mustered out with the Company. 

John L. Riimo', enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with tho Company. 

George Ruckler, enlisted April 22,1861. Mustered out with the Com- 

Ferdinand Kchlegel, enlisted April 22, 1861. Mustered out with the 

Fred. H. Schmidt, enlisted April 22, 1862. Mustered out with the Com- 

Hiury Schmidt, enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with the Company. 

Jolm Schwenck, enlisted April 22, 1861. Mustered out with the Com- 

Frank Miller, enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with the Company. 

George Raquette, enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with the Com- 

Frederick Selbach, enlisted April 22, ISUl. Mustered out with the Com- 

George Wandel, enlisted April 22,1871. Mustered out Willi I lie Com- 

Jacob Wenner, enlisted June 3, 1861. Mustered out with tlie Company. 

George Zipp, enlisted Ai>ril 22, 1861. Mustered out with the Company, 

Henry Sehlattmeyer, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged for disability. 

John Smith, enlisted June 3, 1801. Discharged for disability July 
30, 1862. 

John Stegmeyer, enlisted April 23, 1861. Discharged for disability No- 
vember 27, 18S2. 

Fred. W. Steinbauer, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged because of 
wounds February 2. 1862. 

John T. Voelker, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged for disability Febru- 
ary 18, 1863. 

George Weissenbach, enlisted April 22, 1861. Discharged July 21, 1862. 

Julius Wolf, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged July 30, 1862. 

Anthonisius Zitlsniann, enlisted June 3, ISCl. Discharged July 30, 1862. 

John Volker, enhsted October 7, 1801. Discharged for disability July 
7. 1862. 

William Lantcrw assar, enrolled as Sergeant April 22, 1861; promoted to 
1st Sergeant. Died at Washington, July 3, 1862. from wounds re- 
ceived at Port Republic, June U. 

Henry Ackermau, enlisted June 3, 1861, Killed at Ciianceilorsville, 
May .'iO, 1862. 

Frank Dietrich, enlisted April 22. 1861. Killed at Wiijcliester, March 
•a, l.'<62. 

John Doll, enlisted June 3, 1861. Died September 10. \t»il, from wounds 
received at Cross Umes, Virginia, August 26th, 18(il. 

Henry Frank, enlisted June 3, 1861. Killed at Cedar Mountain, August 

'J, 1862 

1861. Killi'd at Winchester, Vii 

Frank Karbacher, enlisted Apri 
ginia, March '2:1, 1862. 

Frank Lorenz, enlisted October 8, 1861. Killed at Winchester, Virginia. 
March 2:!, 18<i2. 

Jidin Geissler, enlisted April 22, 1861. Died August 28, 1861. from wounds 
received at Cn.>ss Lanes, Virginia, August 26, 1861. 

Vincent Meader, enlisted April 22, 1861. Killed at Cedar Mountain, 
August il, 1802. 

John Muiitz, enlisted Octulwr 8, 1861. Died at Cumberland, Maryland, 
February 21, 1863. 

Jacob Noik, enli.sted April 32, 1801. Died April 2, 1862, from wounds re- 
ceived at Winchester, March Zi. 

William Pfahl, enlisted April 23, 1861. Kdled at Ringgold, Georgia, No- 
vember 27, 186:!. 

Victor Perlev, enlisted August 25, 1863. Killed at Ciianceilorsville, Vir- 
ginia, May 2, 186:1. 
William Russell, enlisted April 22, 1861. Died at Frederick, Maryland 

■Tune 1, 1862, from wounds received at Winchester, Virginia. March 2.3^ 
John Reber, enlisted October 7, 1861. Killed at Port Rejiublie. June 11, 

John Schuibs, enlisted Ajiril 22, 1861. Killed at Port Republic, June (i, 

John Stern, enlisted April 22. 1861. Killed at Cedar Mountain, August !i, 

.fosepli Seibel. enlisted April 22, 1861. Killed at Winchester, Virginia, 

March 2:^, 1802. 
Franz Weber, enlisted April 22, 1861. Died at Gallipolis, Ohio, Septeni- 

lier 2, 1802. 
John Wiegand, enlisted Aiwil 22, 1861. Died while a jiris. ner, Septeni 

ber 13, 1802. 
John Weiland, enlisted October 17, 1861 Killed at Cedar Mountain. 

August !», 1863. 
Frederick Schinkel, enrolled at Sergeant, April 22, 1801. Missing since 

battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia, August t). 1802. 
John Leiitky, enlisted October 5, 1861. Missing since battle of Port Re- 
public, June 9, 18ti2. 
William Voges, enro'led as Sergeant, April 22, 1861. Killed at Port Re 

public, June!), 1862. 
Adolphus Rohlmann, enrolled as Sergeant, April 82, 1861. Died at New 

Orleans, while jirisoner, November 13, 1.862. 
Elmore Hinkston, enrolled as Sergeant, .lune 3, 1861. Promoted to f-'irst 

Sergeant. Dieil at Chattanotjga, Tennes.see, January 21, from 

wounds received in action. 
James Grebe, enrolled as Corporal April 23, 1861. Promoted to Ser 

geant. Died at Alexandria, Virginia, August 27, 18*i2, from wounds 

received at Cedar Mountain, August 'J. 
Cliarles Rich, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discliarged July 26, 1862. 
William Ritchie, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged February 2. 1862, for 

disability caused liy wounds. 
Henry Roshotte, enrolled as Corporal April 82, 1861: promoted to Ser- 
geant. Discharged for disability July 10, 1862. 
William Butzman, enrolled as Corporal April 22. 1861 ; promoted to Ser- 
geant. Discharged for disability February 18, 1863. 
Henry Strachle. enrolled as Corporal April 22, 1861 ; promoted to Ser 

geant. Discharged for disability Nove-nber 26, 18ii2. 
Herman Schaub, enlisted June 3, 1801 ; promoted to Sergeant. Discharged 

for disabiUty April 3, 180:1. 
Jacob Kurtz, enlisted June 3, 1801; promoted to Sergeant. Discharged 

because of wounds April 10, 18!i:l. 
VVi liani Lehr, enlisted April 22, 18(ii ; jiromoted to Corporal. Discharged 

on account of wounds July 3, 1802 
George Denzel, enlisted April 22, 1801 ; proi 

on account of wounds July 21, 1S62. 
Christian Reisse, enrolled as Corporal Jii 

count of wounds July 21, 1862. 
John numraell, enlisted April 22, 1801; p 

charged on account of wounds October : 
Peter Kind, enrolled as musician April 23, 1861. Discharged for disa 

bility October 2, 1861.' 
Phillip Anthony, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged on account of 

wounds September 1, 1862 
Constantine Arnibrunster, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged for disabil- 
ity February I'J, 1863. 
Simon Bell, enlisted April 23, 1861. Discharged July 38, 1802. 
Charles Breitenbach, enlisted April 23, 1S61. Discharged on account of 

wounds December 11, 1862. 
Fred. Brinckelmeyer, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged July 21, 1862. 
John Colbrun, enlisted April 22, 1861. Discharged July II), 1862. 
Louis Dehmel, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged. 
Edwin Dunton, enlisted June :i 1861. Dischai'ged. 
Emil Glanser, enlisted June 3, 1861. Dischargetl. 
Charlis Graiter, enlisted Juno 3, 1801. Discharged on acccount of 

woiuuis December 111. 1863. 
Gottlieb Grucnowald, enlisted June 3, 1801. Discharged July 26, 18(i2. 
Jacob H. liege, enlisted April 23, 1801. Dischargeil July 21, 1862. 
Fred Gassand, enlisted June .i, 1*>1. Discharged July 21. lNi2. 
Henry Lehr, enlisted June 3. I8til. Dischai'ged June '27, l.sO-2, 
Andrew Malichiis. enlisted April it, 1861 Discharged beeau'e of 

wounds, October II. 1861. 
Matthias Herkel, enlisted June 3, 1861. nischan;ed February 28.,;). 
Fred. Mitchell, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discliai^ed on account of wounds 

Novemlier'21, 1863. 
Theodore Miller, enlisted June 3, 1801. Dis«rhar(,ed. 
Gottlieb Popp, enlisted June 3, 1861. Discharged for disability October 

2. 1801. 

otedto Corporal. Discharged 
<■ 3, 1861. Discharged on ac- 
oteil to Corporal. Dis- 





Ciiinpuiiy H, of till- EiRhtli — Ortraiiized tor Three Months — Re-orRan- 
i/.>'d for Three Years — In West Virginia — Loss from Sickness- 
Romney and Hanging Rociv — Blooniing Gap, Cetiar Creek and Stras- 
bnrg — Battle of Winchester — Numerous Skirmishes — South Moun- 
tain and Antietam — F ed jricksburg — Cliancellorsville — Gettysburg 
— Heavy Loss — Skirmishes at Bristow Stfilion, Mine Run, etc.. in 
ISSl- Tlie Bitlle of Martins Foixl- The Battle of the Wilderness- 
Cold Harbor and l*etersbui-g — Mustered Out — Members from Cuya- 
hoga County - Fourteenth Infantry — Mention of its Services- Its 
Membere from this C<mnty — Seventeenth Infantry — Mention of its 
Services — Membei's from this County — The Colonel of the Twentieth. 


Tliii uoniK'ctioii of tlic Eighth witli Cuyahoga is 
coiiliiied to Company 15, having eigiity men, aiuloiieor 
two of Company D. Tiitjse were enlisted originally 
for the three-moutlis service, in resjionse to the Presi- 
dent's first call for troops in April, ISGl. In June 
following all of the companies, except Company I, 
were re-enlisted for three years. On July 9, 18U1, the 
regiment left Cain|) Dennison, and arrived on the 
l".2th at West Union, Va. For several weeks it was 
stationed among the mountains, and along the Balti- 
more and Oliio railroad, where the meu suffered 
severely from fever. At "Maggotty Hollow" over 
three hundred were in the hospital, and thirty-live 
deaths resulted in a short time. 

On September "24111, the Eighth engaged in the 
battle of Ivonmey. At Hanging Rock it was under 
fire, and lost several in killed and wounded. On 
October 24th, for a second time at Romney, and soon 
afterwards at Blue's Gap. On February 14, 18(J3, 
it was engaged at Bloomey Gap; on March ISth 
at Cedar Creek, and ou the lOtli at Strasburg as 
skirmishers. The regiment wtis deployed as skirmish- 
ers before and after the battle of Winchester. The 
killed and wonuded during this battle was more than 
one-fourth of its number. 

During March and April the regiment skirmished 
at Woodstock, Mount Jackson, Edinburg and New 
Market. In May, from Rectortown it skirmished 
a distance of eighteen miles. At Chickahominy 
Swamps it wtvs again engaged; losing seven wounded. 

At South Mountain the Eighth formed jiart of the 
reserve corjis, not actively engaged, but skirmished at 
Boonsboro' and Reedy ville. 

At Autietam, while ^engaged, the Eighth and the 
Fonrteenlh Indiana were obliged to change front, 
which Wiis done with great steadiness, saving the 
brigade from rout. 

The regiment movetl with its cor])s to Bolivar 
Heights, and on October 1st, to Lecsburg. From 
there to Falmonth, skiniiishingat Hulltown, Snicker 
Gaj) and United St^ites Ford. At Fredericksburg the 
Eighth was in the right wing. In passing np Han- 
over street, it lost twenty-eight, and at the close of the 
battle the loss was thirty-four killed and wounded. The 
regiment w;is under constant fire for nearly four days 
at Cliancellorsville, losing only two killed and eleven 
wouudeii. At Gettysburg, July 3d, the regiment 

cajitured and held a well defended knoll; three times 
repulsed the attacks of superior numbers, and cap- 
tured three stands of colors. Its loss was one 
hundred and two killed and wounded. The regiment 
engaged in several skirmishes prior to August 15, 
18G3, when it was sent to New York to (juell the 
riots. Returning to the field, it was engaged at An- 
burn and Bristow, October 14th, having two wounded. 
On November 27th, 28th and 29th, the regiment acted 
as skirmishers at Robinson's Cross Roads, Locust 
Grove and Mine Run, losing several men. At the 
battle of Morton's Ford, February G, ISG4, several 
officers and men were wounded. 

At the Wilderness the Eighth was engaged on May 
6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th and 12th, losing in all over 
sixty killed and wounded. It also engaged in iinmer- 
ous skirmishes from S|)otsylvania to Petersburg; took 
and held a fort at North Anna, and fought at Cold 
Harbor and Petersburg. 

At the expiration of its term the Eighth was in the 
trenches before Petersburg with only seventy-two 
officers and men. 

On ,Iuly lo, 18G4. the regiment was formally 
mustered out of service. 



William Kinney, enr. as Captain April 18. ISBl. Mustered out with the 

regiment July 13. ISW. 
James K. O'Reilly, enr. as First Sergeant April 18. IStil; pix>moted to 

First Lieutenant September 2-3, 1883. and to Captain March 3. ISiVI. 

Mustered out with the re^-iment July 13, 1864. 
VVillianr Delaney, eul. as First Lieutenant .\pril 18, 1801; wounded at 

Antietam September 17, 18id. Died September *)d, 18C2. 
Thomas F. Galway. enr. as Sergeant April 1."*. 1801 : promoted to Second 

Lieutenant September 7, 1863. and to First Lieuteaant Januaty 30, 

1.81)3. Mustered out with the regiment. 
John Lautry, enl. as Second Lieutenant April 18. 1861. Killed at Antie- 
tam September IS, 1863, 
John HenneBsey, enr. as Sergeant April 18, 1861. Mustered out with the 

John G. Fairchild, enr. as Sergeant AprU 18,1861; pi'omoted to First 

Sergeant. Wounded July 3, 1864. 
Charles McCartney, enr. as Corporal April IS, ISUI. Mustered out with 

the regiment. 
John Tracey, enr. as Corporal April 18. 1861; promoted to Sergeant. IHa 

charged for disability December 'iij, 1863. 
Chauneey Lathrop, enr. as Corporal April 18, 1862. Discharged for dis- 
ability November 36, 1863. 
Edward J. Newell, enr. as Corporal April 18. 1861 ; promoted to Sergeant ; 

wounded May 18, 1864. Mustered out with the regiment. 
James Kell,v, enr. as Corporal April 18, 186!; promoted to Sergeant. 

Died of wounds, July 7, 186:i, received at Gettysburg. 
Richard ORourke, enr. as Corporal April 18, 1861. In hospital at Wash- 
ington May 13, 1864. 
Patrick O'Leary, enr. as Corporal April IS, 18'J!; promoted to Sei-ge^nt. 

Mustered out with the i*egiment July 13, 1864. 
John Reedy, enr. as Corporal April 18, 1861. Discharged September 3;i ' 

William H. Alderman, enl. June 19, 1861. Discharged for dis;tbility Jan. 

uary 6, 186;}. 
Joseph Burton, enl. June 17. 1S61. Discharged for disability November 

3:3, 1863. 
John Burk, enl. June 18, 1861. Wounded July 3, 1863. 
William Brown, enl. June 13, 1861. Killed at Gettysl)ui-g, .July 

3, 186:3. 
Henry Black, enl. June 13, 1861. Mustered out with the Regiment. 
James Brown, enl. June 14. 1861. Mustored out with the Regiment. 
Lewis Buhran, enl. June 8. 1861. Discharged for disability November 

20, 1862. 
Samuel Brown, enl. June 23, 1861; promoted to Corporal same day. 

Mustered out with the Regiment. 
William Cones, enl. April 18. 1861. Discharged October 25, 1863. 
John E. Chichester, enl. May 35, 1861. Died December 28, 1863, of 

wounds received at Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

EIGHTH, rouuTEENTn and seventeenth infantry. 


Patrick Cashon, enl. June 17, ISfil. Mustered out with the Regiment. ] 
Stephen .1. Carr, enl. June 8, 1K61. Killed Di?fcembcr 39, 18l!l, at Wire 

Bridff**, Virginia. 
Fn-derick Coiuielly, enl. J une 1.3. 1801 . MusU-red out with the lleRinient. 
William Campion, enl. June 15. 1881. Killed Septemlwr 17, 18(12, al 

battle of Aniietam, Maryland. 
James I'onlaii, enl. June 9, 18«l; promoted to Serjeant: wounded al 

Wilderness. May 10. 18(it. Mustered out with the Kegiment. 
.lames Penief, enl. April IH. ISfil. DiscliarKed October i"), l««!i. 
J. dm Dumphey, enl. June 10, ISCI. Transferred to Invalid Corps 

July 15, IStB. 
Jiiseph Kvans, enl. June LI, l.'Sfil; promoted tx) Corporal. Mustered out 

with Hie Kegiment. 
Jneob Kralier, enl. June 13. 18IJI. Must.ered out with Ihr, regiment. 
Charles (lallagher. enl. June 11, 18U1. Muslerctl out with the regiment. 
Edward Gibbons, enl. June 11, ISIU. Diseh irged October ai, 1H(W. 
Edward Gorman, enl June ■-►i, IHHl. Transfeireil l.> Invalid Corps, May 

II, 18ftt. 
Kdward Greer, enl. April 18, 18(;i. 

,Iohn Hogan. enl April 18, 1861. Discharged October 25. 1802. 
James Hardway. enl. April 18, 1801. Discharged for disability. May 11, 

Henry Hall. enl. June 17, ISfd. Discharged October 25, 1802. 
James Iliggins. enl. June 9. 18Si. Died October 24, 1801. at New Creek, 

Simon Hogan. enl. June n, ISfll. Discharged for disability, August 20, 

William Joyce, enl. April l.H, 1801. Discharged for disability .lanuary 5, 

Francis Kidly, enl. June 11, IROl. Discharged October 35, lKO:i. 
Eugene Lalinre, enl. April 18, 1801. 

Joseph Lloyd, enl. April 18, 1801. Mustered out with the regiment. 
James Ijieper, enl. June 13, 1801. Discharged for ilisability October 20, 

Thomas Largee, enl. Jime 15, 1801. Mustered out with Ihi' lii'giment 

July 13, 18114. 
Peter Mainans, enl. April 18. 1801. Promoted to Cor|ioral; niu.stered 

out with the Regiment. 
Joseph Moonshine, eid. April 18, 1861. Discharged for disability March 

21, 180.3. 
Henry II, McKeever, enl. April IS 1801- Discharged for disability Feb- 
ruary 17, 1863 
Hernaril Milvey, enl. June 11, 1.%1. Disi barged for disability April 18, 


,lolin Jlalone, enl. June 11, 1801. Promoted to Corporal; woimded May 

15. 18111. Left in Hospital in Rhode Island. 
John I). McNamarn, enl June 9, 1801. Discharged fur tlisability De- 

eend>cr 17, 1.S02. 
Alexander MeLain, enl. June 21. l.'Wll. Discharged for disability .\ti 

gust 13. 1S02. 
Allen McDougiill, enl. June II. 1801. Discharged fur disability Novem- 
ber 13, 1S(,2. 
Thomas Mmison, enl June I. 18(11. Discharged for disabilily August 13, 

William McDonald, enl. June 18, 1801 Discharged for disability I)e- 

eemljer 21). 1801 . 
Bernard McGuirc, enl. ,Iune 22, 1801. Died, July 10, 180.3. of wounds 

received atGeltysbuig Niggle, enl June in. IKiii Discharged disability July 0. 1801 . 
William o'Hallem. enl. April 18, 1811. Discharged f.)r disability May 

3, 1S02. 
Thomas (J'Kelly. enl. April 18, 18(il. Dis hnrg.-il for .lisabilily May 2, 

.lames O'Ncil, enl. June 9, 1801. Tran.iferred to Invalid (^1^ps August 

11, 1803. 
( Innliner Oaks, eni. June 11 1801 . Disch.irged October 25, 1802, 
John (juinn, enl. June 14, 1811. Killed .at Spottsylvnnia. May •il. 18C4. 
.lames C. Rogers, enl. April is. iSdi Discharged for disability April 

II, 180.3. 
Thomas S<|Uires, enl. Jnne 10. ISOl. Discharge.! October S.5, 1X03. 
John Sheridan, enl. June 17, ISOI. Discharged October 25, tmi. 
John Sliepheiil, enl. June 17, 1801. Killed at Aniietam, Maryland 

Sepiendier 17, 1803. 
George T. Upright, enl. April 18, 1801. Wounded July .3, 1803. 
George R, Wils«m, enl. ,June 14, 1801. Killed at Qeltysbiirg. July 

3, 1803. 
Alfred Wood, enl. June 14. 1861. Mustered out with the Regiment. 
Charles F. Wamekey. enl. April 18, 1801. Discharged for disability 

at Cumberland, Maryland. 
David Wilson, enl June 1, 1801. Mustered out with the Regiment. 
,lohn Garvey, enl. ,ltme 5, 1801 ; transferred to and commis-sioned in 
7th Virginia Volunteers. Killed at .Antietam. Maryland, Seplember 
17, I8(i3. 
.lohn Hawley.enl. October 31, 1861; transferred to 4th Ohio nailal 
ion, Com]>any B., .June 24, 1801. Discharged at enil of term. N.ivem 
ber 28, 1804. 


Joseph Dewalt, enl. June .3, 1801, Mustered out with the Kegirueru 
July 13. 1801. 

I'oriiTKKN Til 1 N'FAXTKV. 

'I'lio nu'inliors (if I his iTninicnt, from Ciiyalioira 
couiitv, iiiiif in iiimibt'i-, wore enlisted in l.SO-l in 
Co.s. A. I anil K. As menilxM-s of llic FoiirteenMi 
tliey engafiei] wiUi the regiment in the battle at 
.lonesboro, jnirsiieil Ilood'.s troops on their advance 
into T'ennes.see, joined Slierman"s forces at Atlanta, 
and particiiiated in the " .March to the Sea," and 
throiigli the Carolinas to Goldshoro'and Haleigh. 

T'he regiment was mustered out at Louisville in 
July, 1S(;.5. 


Thomas Hines. enl, Seplemlier 27. IHdl, Dis<harged with the regiment 

Jidy 11, 1865. 
Henry Lesson, enl. Sepl<Muber 20, 1.801. Discharged ,Iime 3, 1865. 
Francis L. .lunes, enl, September 20, 1801. Disidiarged .lune 3, 1805. 

Ii.ivi.l Loper, eid. De<"ember 15, 1863. Promoted to Corporal May 1. 

IMil, and to Sergeant November 20, 1801. Mustered out with the 

regiment July 11, 1805. 
George Bm-ton, eid. January 25. 1804. Mustered out with the regiment. 


Robert J. Barnes, enl. September 'Si, 1801. Discharged June 3, 1805. 
Edward Condon, enl. September 37, 18()l. Discharged June 3, 1805. 

Isaac Parker, cur. a,s ("oriioral De<i>ndier 15, istvi. Discharged .lune lu, 

Joseph StuU, enl. Septemler 2:). 1801. Discharged June -3, 1865. 


The members from Cuyahoga county in the Seven- 
teenth were ten in number, nine of whom were en- 
listed in Co. E in ISiJ-t. and saw but very little service 
that could lie called severe. Tln\v followed Sherman 
through the ('tirolinas, passed in review before the 
President at Washington, and were mustered out at 
Louisville in July. lS(;.'"i. 



Henry .1 Herrick. enrolled as Assistant Surgeon February 14, is<,_' 
Promoted to Surgeiin December 12, 1802. Resigned September 3(i. 


.Iiilian Berbinger. enlisted Seiitembcr 36, 1804 . Diini at Savannah, Geor 

gia, March 3, 1805, 
Walter H. Teeple. enl. Septembers?, 1864. Died at Goldsboro, North 

Carolina. March 24. 1802. 
.lames UcBriile, enl. Septcmlwr 22, 1864. Discharged June 7, 1865. 
William Neville, enl September 23, 1S(H. Dischaigeil June 7, 1805. 
Henry Stark, enl . September 20, 18(M. Discharged .(une 7. 1805. 
Archibald Scott, fnl Sept<niber 28, 1801 Discharged June 7, ISM. 
William Simps, enl. September 21, 1804. Dischai-ged June 7, 1865 
James Wilson, enl. September 26, 1801 Discharged June 7, 1805. 
John Wetzel, enl SepU-mber 3.3, 1801. Discharged June 7. 1865. 

r w ic N 'r I i;r 1 1 i n f a n t in' . 

Charles Whitllesey. appointitl Assistant Quarter Ma.ster General of 
Ohio, April 1.5, 1801 ; Chii'f Militar)- Engineer of State of Ohio, .luly 
4. 1S01; (Ntlonel Twentieth Infantry August 19, Isoi; chief Engineer 
Military Department of Ohio September 2:!, IHOI Resigned April 
19, 1.802. 





Celebrated Officers — Number from Cuyahoga — The Regiment serves 
in West Virginia — Carnifex Ferry — Services in Autumn and Winter 
of lasi — A Winter March -A Sharp Fight — A Forced March -Bat- 
tle of South Mountain — Hayes wounded— A Brilliant Biyonet 
Charge— Antietam - Corporal Bull's Pistol — Back in West Virginia— 
The Victory of Cloyd Moiintain - New River Bridge — Hunter's Expe- 
dition to Lynchburg — Retreat — Extraordinary Hardships — In the 
Shenandoah Valley — The Battle of Winchester — Fighting all Sum- 
mer — The Battle of Opequan — Crossing a SI 'Ugh — A Complete Vic- 
tory — North Mountain — Cedar Creek — Sheridan in the Field — An- 
other Victory — Colonel Hayes made a Brigadier —Subsequent Ser- 
vices of the Regiment-- Mustered Out. 

This regiment lias become celchvated hy the mimlier 
of distinguished men who have graduated from its 
ranks. When it was organized at Camp Cliase, Ohio, 
in the month of June, 18G1, its colonel was William 
S. Rosecrans, afterwards major general and com- 
mander of the army operating in middle Tennes.see; 
its lieutenant-colonel was Stanley Matthews, late 
United States senator, and its major was Rutherford 
B.Hayes, now President of the United States. Col. 
Rosecrans was appointed a brigadier general within a 
few days afterwards, and was succeeded by E. Parker 
Scammon, who also, at a later day, became a brig- 
adier. Among the subsequent colonels was James M. 
Conily, now minister to the Sandwich Islands. 

There were in all two hundred and forty-six mem- 
bers of the regiment from Cuyahoga connty, includ- 
ing the whole of Com[)any A, the greater part of 
Company D, and a few men each in Companies E, F, 
a and I. 

On the 35th of July, 18G1, the regiment ^Jroceeded 
to Clarksljurg. West Virginia, and was occupied 
thronghout the summer in that State, operating 
against guerrillas, guarding important points, etc. 
In the forepart of Sejitember the Twenty-Tiiird, as 
apart of Gen. Rosecrans" army, marched to Carnifex 
Ferry, where, on the evening of the tenth of that 
month, it was busily cngagaged in skirmishing with 
the enemy. The latter abandoned his position during 
the night, and was pursued by the Twenty-Third and 
other regiments to Big Scwell Mountain. The regi- 
ment soon fell back to Camp Ewing on New river, 
where they remained several months, suifering severely 
from sickness. 

During the autumn the Twenty-Third was thor- 
oughly drilled by its oIKcers, and soon attained great 
proticieucy. In January and February, 18C;i, Com- 
panies A, B, F, and G, were stationed at Raleigh, under Major Comly, and on the tenth 
of the latter month that officer marched with his men 
twenty-eight miles through a snow storm to the mouth 
of Blue Stone river, driving a regiment of rebel in- 
fantry across that stream, and capturing their tents, 
forage, etc. The gallantry and fortitude displayed in 
this exploit were highly complimented by Gen. Rose- 
crans in general orders. 

The regiment remaineil in winter ((uarters until the 
33d of April, when it moved in the a<lvance of the 
brigade toward Princeton, under the command of 

Lieute4iant Colonel Hayes. On the 8th of May nine 
companies of the Twenty-Third were attacked by 
four i-ebcl regiments under General Heth, and after a 
gallant resistance, were forced to retreat. Soon after, 
the command proceeded to Flat Top mountain, where 
it remained until the middle of July. 

After the month spent at Green ^leadow, the 
regiment made a forced march of a hundred and four 
miles in a little over three days (claimed to be the 
fastest on record by a force of that size) to the Great 
Kanawha, whence it went by boat and car to Wash- 
ington, I). C. Thence it proceeded under Gen. Mc- 
Clellan to meet Lee, and on the 14th of September, 
18(J3, engaged in the battle of South Mountain. 

This was the first severe battle in which the regiment 
took part, and it proved to be one of the hardest in 
which it ever was engaged. Though only a compara- 
tively small portion of the army was in this battle, 
yet that portion was called on to display its utmost 
courage. The enemy was posted behind stone-walls ^ 
and poured in musketry, grape and canister on our 
advancing columns at short range, and with terrible 
effect. About nine o'clock the Twenty-Third, three 
hundred and fifty strong, commanded by Lieutenant 
Colonel Hayes, advanced with the utmost gallantry. 
In a short time that officer was badly wounded, 
Lieut. Henry G. Hood, of Cuyahoga county, met with 
a similar misfortune, and a hundred officers and men 
(nearly thirty per cent, of the whole numix'r) were 
killed and wounded. 

Major Comly then took command, and engaged 
successfully with a rebel force on the left. Col. 
Hayes soon came back with his wound half dressed, 
and insisted on fighting, against the remonstrance of 
his officers, until, weak from from loss of blood, he 
was carried from the field. The whole brigade now 
made a gallant charge across an open field against the 
enemy ensconced behind a stone-wall. Our inform- 
ant, Lieut. Benjamin Killam, who was wounded in 
the battle, declares that the only men he saw killed 
with the bayonet in the numerous conflicts in which 
he took part, were slain in this charge. With cheers 
of defiance the Union men rushed forward at the top 
of their speed across the open space. The rebels re- 
mained behind the wall until their enemies were 
springing over it. They then attempted to escape, 
but many of them were slain with the bayonet before 
they could do so. 

Two other bayonet charges were made by the brig- 
ade during the day, but the rebels broke before they 
could be reached. The regiment, in company with 
its division, continued the contest until near night- 
fall, the enemy being driven back at all points. 
Nearly two hundred men of the Twenty-Third, more 
than half the whole number engaged, had been killed 
or wounded. Among the former was Capt. Abraham 
G. Hunter, of Cuyahoga county; among the latter 
from that county were Joshua L. Barnes, John Dunn 
and Thaddeus G. Ross. The severity-of the conflict 
was also emphasized by the condition of tiie colorsj 



wliich were riddlod with liullets, the " field " being 
almost entirely carried away. 

At Antietam tlie regimeut was less severely en- 
gaged, but even there it suffered seriously from a flank 
attack by the enemy in which the colors were shot 
down, although they were immediately replanted by 
.Major Comly in a new line, where the regiment 
(juiekly established itself and succeeded in repulsing 
its assailants. 

Among the mortally wounded at Antietam '/-as 
Corjioral Sheridan E. Bull, of Solon, in this county. 
He fell just as tlie regiment was compelled to give 
way Ijefore the sudden attack of the enemy. He car- 
ried a pistol marked with his name, "'S. E. Bull." 
Seeing the enemy advancing, he hastily dug a hole 
and concealed the wedpou. One of his comrades, 
Private Henry, noticed the act, and made a hasty ob- 
servation of the surrounding objects. Both men were 
captured. Bull died while a prisoner; Henry re- 
covered and was exchanged. Sixteen and a half 
years after the battle, in the month of April last, Mr. 
Henry, then principal of the public schools at Coshoc- 
ton, Ohio, revisited the field of strife, discovered the 
locality in cjuestion, and after a little digging had the 
good fortune to find the pistol of his old comrade, 
badly rusted but still intact, and still bearing the name 
■'S. E. Bull," cut by the fingers of the young patriot 
when he went forth to battle for his country. The 
weapon was sent to Corporal Bull's father, L. S. Bull, 
Esq., now postmaster at Solon, mentioned in the his- 
tory of that township as a son of the earliest settler. 

In October the Twenty-Third returned to West 
Virginia, where Col. Scammon was appointed a brig- 
adier-general. Lieut.-Col. Hayes was commissioned 
as colonel. Major Comly as lieutenant-colonel, and 
Capt. J. P. McHrath, of Cuyahoga county, (Captain 
of Company A) as major. 

The regiment was on garrison and scouting duty in 
West Virginia, without being called on for very seri- 
ous work, from this time until the last of April, 1864, 
when it marched with the forces under General Crook 
HI a raid on the Virginia and Tennessee railroad. 
The men made a very severe march through moun- 
tains, forests and snows, and on the 9th of May found 
tlie enemy intrenched on the first crest of Cloyd 

Passing through a belt of woods, the line came to 
an open meadow, beyond which was a wooded hill, 
with rougii breastworks near the top defended by in- 
fantry and artillery. Led by its ofticers, tiie regiment 
charged swiftly across the meadow under a heavy fire, 
and then, after a brief pause, dashed up the hill and 
drove the rebels from tiieir intrenchments at the point 
of the bayonet. Our informant, previously mentioned, 
describes it as "a sharp, little fight while it lasted." 
Two attempts were made l)y the reljels to rally higher 
up the mountain, but in both cases they were easily 

Capt. A. A. Hunter, of Cuyahoga county, (com- 
mander of Com[iany K) was killed in the action, and 

forty or fifty oflScers and men were killed and wounded. 

At New River Bridge, on the same expedition, (-May 
10, lSO-1,) there was a sharp and successful skiruiisli, 
after which the bridge and several miles of the Vir- 
ginia and Tennessee railroad were destroyed. 

After another month of hard marcliing and occa- 
sional skirmishing over the mountains of West \'ir- 
ginia, the command joined General Hunter's forces at 
Staunton, in the Shenandoah valley, on the 8:h of 
June. The whole command then proceeded up the 
valley and across toward Lynchburg. They defeated 
the enemy in a sharp fight two miles from that city, 
but as no attack was made that night, heavy re-en- 
forcements were brought up from Richmond, and its 
capture became impracticable. 

The army then retreated to West Virginia. The 
whole expedition was one of extraordinary severity, on 
account of the hard marching through the moun- 
tains accompanied by a great lack of food. Daring 
nine days of continuous marching and fighting the 
men had less than quarter rations, and when they at 
length met a supply-train they are described ijy an 
officer present as camping and "eating all night." 

In the following month Crook's command, includ- 
ing the Twenty-Third,' was ordered to the Shenandoah 
valley to meet Early. On the S-tth of that month the 
regiment took part in one of the numerous battles of 
Winchester. This was one in which the United 
States forces were defeated; the Twenty-Third having 
ten officers and a hundred and forty-three officers and 
men killed and wounded. 

It were idle to attempt to recount the unnumbered 
marches, countermarches and minor conflicts which 
occurred during the remainder of the summer. They 
may be summed up in the words of the gentleman 
before <iuoted. "we were fighting all the time," 
saiil he; '• We fought more that summer than we did 
during all the rest of our service." During the sum- 
mer the Twenty-Third was consolidated witii the 
Twelfth the new regiment comprising seven com- 
panies of the former and three of the latter, and 
retaining the name of the Twenty-Third. 

At the battle of Opequan, on the lOtli of Se|)tem- 
ber, Hayes' brigade, including the Twenty-Tiiird, 
was in advance on the exti-eme right of the infantry. 
After driving back the enemy's cavalry and coming 
under fire from his infantry, the brigade readied a 
slough, some fifty yards wide, in which the water was 
nearly waist deep, while beneath it was a bed of soft 
mud, of varying depth and treacherous consistency. 

The whole line halted at this formidal>le obstacle, 
but Colonel Hayes, the brigade commander, plunged 
in, and, altliough his horse several times fell in the 
mud, urged him on and reached the farther shore, the 
first one across. The brigade followed, many men 
being drowned in the treacherous morass, but most 
of them reached the farther shore, formed their lines, 
dashed upon the enemy and drove them back. This 
was repeated several times: the cavalry charging 
every time, and capturing a large number of prisou- 



ers. The division commander was wounded and car- 
ried from the field; leaving Colonel Hayes in com- 
mand, who led the division during the remainder of 
the battle with the most reckless gallantry — half of 
the time being in advance of the line of infantry. 

The result of the whole battle was a complete vic- 
tory for the Union arms, eight battle flags and several 
thousand prisoners being captured, of which the 
Twenty-Third took two hundred. 

At the battle of North Mountain, Hayes" brigade 
charged with such fury that the rebels made almost 
no resistance and were driven in utter rout from their 
intrenchments, while the Unionists suffered very 
little loss. 

On the 19th of October the Twenty-Third took 
part in the battle of Cedar Creek; the conflict which 
has become celebrated throughout the country by the 
meteor-like appearance of Sheridan on his coal-black 
steed to retrieve the fortunes of the day. The enemy 
having stolen across an unguarded ford, Crook's com- 
mand and the Nineteenth corps were driven back 
with heavy loss. At length, however, they established 
themselves on a new line, and were awaiting develop- 
ments when Sheridan dashed np from Winchester. 
A roar of cheers greeted him, and, after making the 
necessary arrangements, he ordered the advance of 
the line. Another great victory was the result; the 
infantry driving back the enemy again and again, 
and the cavali-y, as before, charging eacii time and 
capturing prisoners by the thousand. 

Colonel Hayes was promoted to brigadier general 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Comly to colonel for their 
part in the battle of Cedar Creek; their commissions 
both dating from that day. 

The regiment remained in the valley and in West 
Virginia during the remainder of the war, but was 
not called on to take part in any important conflicts. 
It was mustered out on the ^oth of July, 1865, and 
then proceeded to Camp Taylor, Cleveland , where 
the men were paid off and discharged. 



Russell Hastings, enr. as Second Lieutenant Company I, May 2i, 1861 ; 

promoted to First Lieutenant March 23, ISIH; to Captain Company 

K August S 18KJ: and to Lieutenant Colonel March S, 1865. Mustered 

out with the regiment. 
James P. Mcllrath. enr. as Captain May 18, 1861 ; promoted to Major 

November 3, 18153. Mustered out at end of term, June 11, 1864. 
Harry Thompson, enr. as First Sergeant May 18, 1861; promoted to 

Second Lieutenant July 34. I,^'61 ; to First Lieutenant September 24, 

1862: to Captain June 14. 1864; and to Major March 8, 1863. Mustered 

out with regiment. 


Jehial L. Chamberlain, enr. as Corporal Company A May 18, 1861 ; pro- 
moted to Sergeant November .30, 1863, and transferred to Non Com- 
missioned Staff, with rank of Commissary Sergeant January 12, 1863. 
Mustered out with the regiment July 26. 1863. 

Edward V. Spring, enr. May 18. 1861: transferred to Nou-Commissioned 
Staff as Chief Musician July 1, 1864. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

James Thompson, enl. May 18, 1861; transferred to Non-Commissioned 
Staff as Commissary Sergeant July 1, 1864; promoted to Quarter- 
Master Sergeant January 12, 1865. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

Eugene Clark, transferred from Company I, and made Captain Company 
A May 1, 1863. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

Wallace J. Woodward, ^nr. as First Lieutenant May IS. 1861. Promoted 

to Captain Company G July 24, 1861. 
Benjamin Killam, enr. as Corporal May 18, 18!il ; promoted to Sergeant 

November 30. ]81'3; to Second Lieutenant January 14. 1864; and to 

First Lieutenant July 1 1804. ' Mustered or.t with the rtgiment. 
John F. Wall, enr. as Second Lieutenant May 18. 1861: promoted to First 

Lieutenant July 24, 1861. Resigned September 19, 1861. 
George W. Hicks, enr. as Sergeant May IS, ItSI; promoted to Second 

Lieutenant Fel)ruary 8, 1862, and to First Lieutenant November 20, 

1862. Resig'.ed June II. 1864. 

William P. Chamberlain, enr. as Corporal May 18, 18t51; promoted to 
Sergeant; to Second Lieutenant November 3, l?fi2; and to First Lieu- 
tenant August 8, 1863. Mustered out at end of term, June 11, 1864. 

Frederick Thompson, enr. as Corporal May )8. 1861; promoted to Sei^ 
geant November 30, I8ta; to Second Lieutenant October 11, 1-864; and 
to First Lieutenant April 20, 1863. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Orville W. Richards, enr. as ■■ oiporal May 18, 1861; promoted to Ser- 
geant; to Second Lieutenant August 18. 1863. Mustered out with the 

Charles H. Moore, enr. as Sergeant May 18, 1861; promoted to Second 
Lieutenant Jul}' 14, 1864. Resigned .September 2:i, 1864. 

Chai'les A. Willard, enr. May 18, 1861; promoted to Sergeant November 
30, 1863; and to Second Lieutenant April 30, 1865. Mustered out with 
the regiment. 

Charles H Moigan, enr. May 18. 1861; promoted to Sergeant; and to 
Second Lieutenant August 18, 1863 Transferred to Company D May 
1, 1865. 

Leander H. Lane, enr. as Corporal Company D May 20, 1861 ; promoted 
to Sergeant November ^, 1863; to Second Lieutenant of Compan.v A 
July 24. 1864; to Firet Lieutenant Company G July 21. 1864. 

Hugh McCanna. enl. May IS, 1861; ijromoted to First Sergeant May 1' 
1865. Mustered out with the regiment. July 26, 1885. 

Cassius L. Mather, enl. May 18. 1801 ; promoted to Corporal October 1, 
1803; and to Sergeatit April 20. 1865. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

James Hays enl. May 18, 1861; promoted to Corporal November :Wi 
1863; and to Sergeant May 1, 1865. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Nathan L Kelley, enl. May 18, lt61; promoted to Corporal November 30. 
1803: and to Sergeant May 1, 1865. Slustered out with the regiment, 

Jolm K. Wise, enl. May 18. 1861; promoted to Corporal October 1, 1863. 
Mustered out with the regiment. 

Eli H. Botstord, enl. May 18. 1861; promoted to Corporal October 1, 18(3. 
Mustered out with the legiment. 

Charles Biscut, enl. May 18, 1861; promoted to Corporal November 30. 

1863. Mustered out with the i-eginient 

Charles Hartman, enl. Maj- 18, 1801 : promoted to Corporal January 24, 
1805. Mustered out with the regiment. 

John Black, enl. as private May 18, 1861; promoted to Corporal May 1 
1865. Mustered out with the regiment. 

David T. Howe. enl. May IS, 1861: promoted to Corporal May 1, 1865. 
Mustered out with the regiment. 

Thomas Bowra, enl. May 18, 1801. Mustered out with the regiment. 

John Biscut, enl. February 5, 1805. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Hugh Cameron, enl. December 31, 1803. Mu.stered out with regiment. 

John H. Clute, enl. January 5, 1864, Mustered out with the regiment. 

Joseph C, Caldwell, enl, Kovemberl, 1663. Mustered out with regiment. 

Charles E. Dermott, enl. Dec. 22, 1.803. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Charles E, Dibble, eul. Feb. 34, i:S04. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

James B Greenup, eul. Feb, 24.1864. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

James A. Hill, enlisted May 18, 1861. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Johnson Black, enl. Njv. 29. 1803. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Albert G. Bently, eul. Dec. 26, 1863. Mustered out with theRegiment 

Norman H. Bull, enl. Feb. 19, 186-4. Mustered out with the Regiment 

Frederick Hanna, enl. May 18, 1.801. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Francis Halpin, enl. May 18, 1861 . Mustered out with the Regiment . 

Oren S. Hoyt, enl. May 18, 1801. Mustered cut with the Regiment, 

Levis, Harper, eul. May 18, 1861, Mustered out with theRegiment, 

Fatrick Hogan. enl. January 8, 1,S64. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

John Kalbriumer, enl Dec 3, I,sij3 Mustered out with the Regiment. 

William Lett, enl. Decembers, 1S0.3. Mustered out with the Regiment 

Edward Lynch, enl. March 34. 1861, Mustered out with the Regiment, 

George Kempf, enl May 18. 1861 , Mustered out with the Regiment. 

James S . Mitchell, enl. May 18, 1861 . Mustered out with the Regiment . 

Martin McGrath, eul. Jan. 14, 1864 Mustered out with tlie Regiment, 

Oliver R, Mosley, enl. Feb. 18, 1864. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Edward A Parmalee, enl. January 28, 1864 Mustered out with the Reg- 
iment , 

Ednard J, Stephens, enl. January 14, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg- 
iment . 

Alexander Stew art, enl. May 18, 1861. Mustered out with the Regimei.t. 

Charles Stahl. enl. May 1-8, 1861. Mustered out with the Regiment, 

William H, Sawyer, enl, Ma.v 18. 1801. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Bernard Schmitz, eul. May 18, 1801. Blustered out with the Regiment. 

Charles P. Smith, enl May 18, ISOl Mustered out with theRegiment 

Joseph Zelenka, enl. May 18. 1861. Mustered out with the Regiment, 

James Palmer, enl. May IS, 1861; promoted to Corporal and to Sergeant 
January 24, 1865. Mustered out with the Regiment. 

Henry L. Braddish, enl. May 18, 1861. Taken prisoner 3Iay 9, 1864. 



Ira Burlinganie. enl. January 5, ISM. Mustered out with the Regiment. 
Jolin Caldwell, enl. January 25, 1864 Left, sick, at WiueUester. Vir- 
ginia, May 5, IHiio. 

Franklin Giles, enl. January 4, 18W. Taken prisoner. 

George Watson, enl December 3.3, 1S63. Left, sick, at Harpers Ferry, 

Virgniia. . 

Sheridan E. Bull. enr. as Corporal May IS. 1801. Killed at Autietam, 
Maryland. Se|itember 17. 1863. 

Michael Butler, enl. May 18, 1861; promoted to Corporal. Killed in ac 

tion. May 0, 18W 
Joshua L. Barnes, enl May 18. 1S61. Killed at South Mountain. Mary- 
land, September 14, l.'ei. 

George S. Ayres, enl. Dec. 30, 18C.3. Killed in action, July 34. I8«. 

John Dunn, enl. May 18.1861. Killed at South Mountain, Miryland, 
September 14. 1S63. 

Charles H. Hickox, enl. May IS. ISr.l. Killed at Cloyd Mouutaiu, Vir- 
ginia. May 9, 1.<IU. 

Jacob Heniy, enl. May IH, 1S61. Killed at Cloj'd 3Iouutain, Virginia, 
May ft, 1864. 

John G. Monger, juI. Jar.uaiy tT. It64. Killed at Winchester, Virginia, 
July 34, 1S64. 

Thadeus A. Ross, enl. May 18, 1864. Killed at South Mountain. Mary- 
land, September 14, 1863. 

Frank W. Burnell, enl. May 19, 1861. Died at Green Meadows, Virginia, 
August 5, 1862. 

Robert C. Cornwall, enl. May 18, 1861. Died of wounds received in ac- 
tion, November -3, 1863. 

Henry H. Cragin. enl. May 18, 1861. Died at Wheeling, West Virginia. 
December 34, 1S6.3. 

Manville Clark, enl, February 34, 1864. Died at Parkersbur^, West 
Virginia. July 37. 1864. 

Joseph W. Fell. enl. May 18, 1861. Drowned in Uttle Kanawha river, 
Augustas, 1861. 

Lorenzo A. Funver. enl. January ■■.3, 1804. Died in rebel prison at 

Danville. Virginia. 
Henry E. Uazeu, enl. May 18, 1861. Died at CrossLanes, Virginia, Octo- 
ber 3. 1861. 

William H. Hubbell, enl. February 23, 1864. Died in rebel prison at 
Danville, Virginia. 

Abram S Johnson, enl. February 33, 1864. Died at Frederick City, 
Maryland, October 19, 1S64. 

Alva A. Rice, enl. February 3, 1864. Died in rebel prison at Savannah, 
Georgia, August 23, 1864. 

Harry Thompson . ( See Field and Staff . ) 

Henry M. Haven, enr. as Sergeant, May IS, 1801. Promoted to Captain 
of Company G, December 10, 1801, 

Alfred A. Jerome, enl. May 18, 1801. Promoted to Corporal and to Ser- 
geant November 30, 186:J. Discharged for disability June 3, 1S03. 

James E. Doughty, enr. as Corporal May 18, 1861. Pomoted to Sergeant 
February 14, 18t)3. 

Asa 31. Van Sickle, enl. May 18. 1861. Promoted to Corporal. Discharged 
for disability July 1, 1S03. 

George C. Thui-stou, enl. May 18, 1861. Promoted to Cjrporal. Dis- 
charged at end of term. June 11, 1864. 

James H. Armour, enl May 18, 1861. Promoted to Corporal. Discharged 
at end of term June 11, 1864. 

Stephen Lejeune, enr. as Corporal Mas' 18,1861, Discharged for disa- 
bility Aprils, 1863. 

Sylvester F. Moore, enl. May 18, 1801. Discharged for disabiUty April 
3, 1862. 

John S. Chapman, enl. May 18, 1861. Discharged January 5, 18 i3. 

Wilbur Bentley, enl. May IS, 1861. Disch. for disabiUty May 16, 1863. 

Henry Burmester, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. for disability May 28, 1.863. 

Andrew S. Barker, enl. May 18, 1881. Discharged .January 30, 1863, in 
order to join the Cavalry- - 

Thomas O. Connors, enl. May" Is. 1801. Transferred to Company H, 
.March 13, 1S64. Mustered out June 30, 1k64. 

John C. Corvin, enl. May 18, 1861 . Transferred to Company H, March 
1.5, 1«64. Mustered out June 80. 1864 

Uichael Deady, enl. May IS, 1861 . Discharged for disability February 
26. 1863. 

John Fitch, enl. May is. 1801 Discharged at end of term, June 11, 1864. 

Sanford H. Fitch, enl. May IS, 1861. Di-ich. for disability June 3, 1863. 

Andrew M. Green, enl. May IS, 1861. Discharged at end of term, June 
11, 1864. 

Edwanl E. Henry, enl. May 18. 1861. Transf. to Co. H, March 13, 1861, 
Mustered out June :», 1864. 

Joseph S. Harris, enl. M.iy 18, 1861. Promoted July 1. 1863, to Sergt. 

Frederick Harris, enl. May 18, 1861. Transf. to Co. H, March 15. 18<i4. 
Mustered out June 30, 1864 

John E. Hewitt, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. fcjr disability. 

Henry W. Higby, enl. May 18, 1861. Transf. to Co. H, March 13, 1804 
Mustered out June 30, 1864. 

George W. Jenkins, enl. May 18. 1861. Disch. at end of term, June 11. 

Thomas Jones, enl. May !■*. IS 11 Transf. to Co. H, March 13, 1864, 
Mustered out June 3.>, 1804. 

David H. Kimberly, enl. M ly 18, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Jime 11, 


Washington Litch, enl. May 18, 1861, Transf. to Co. H, March 13. 1864. 
Clustered out June .30. 1864. 

Henry C. Lufkin. enl May 18, 1861 Trausf. to Co. H, Feb. 27, 1864. 
Mustered out June 30, 1S61. 

William G. Lee, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch for disability June 5, 1865. 

Edgar G. Meekius. enl. May 18. 1861. Disch. for disability June 1.1862. 

Edwin F. Parker, enl. May 18. 1861. Disch, atend of terra, June 11. 1864. 

James K. Rudolph, enl. May 18, 1861. Di.<ch. atend of term, June 11, 18t)4. 

Joseph Rudolph, enl. May 18, 1861 . Transferred JIarch I, 1803, to Com- 
pany A, Forty -Second Regiment. Disch. at eml of term, July 6. 18iW. 

Charles P. Smith, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. at end of term, June 11, 18»>1. 

Joseph Smith, enl. May 18. 1861. Disch. at end of term, June 11, 1K04. 

William A. Till, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 11, 1862. 

Isaac ninian, enl. .May 18, 1861. Disch. January 30, 1863, m order to 
enlist in the Cavalry. 

Henry S. Wenbau, enl. May IS, 1861. Transferred toOompany H March 
13, 1864. Mustered out June -30, 1864. 

William Wallace, eul. May 18, 1,S61. Disch. at end of term, June 11, 1864. 

Heury K. Wise. enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. for disability. 

Thomas J. v\ higam, enl. May 18, 1881. Disch. tor disability Jan. 21, 1862. 

Philip C. McU.ath, enr. as Sergeant May 18, 1861. Transferred to the 
Brigade Band September 1, 1801. 

Edwin B. Campbell, enl. May 18, 1801; promoted to Sergeant October 1, 
1862. Was discharged and re enlisted in the Tenth Cavalry, Com- 
pany M, as Second Lieutenant, July 2.5, 1803. 

Albeit Tucker, enl. Februiry 34, 1864. Died at Germantovvu, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 24, 1804. 

D. B. Ainger. eul. December 17, 1863. Mustered out July 26, 1865. 

Charles \V. Chapman, eul, lanuary 5, 1864. Transferred to the Brigade 
Baud January 0. 1864. 

John Brunei-, enr. as Musician December 12, 1863. Discharged for disa- 
bility June 14, 1805. 

WilUam Pettibone, enl. Jan. II, 1864. Disch. for disabiUty June 13, 1865. 

Seth I. Rhodes, enl. December 17, 1.S61. Died at FayetteviUe, West Vir- 
ginia, April 36, 1863. 

Lorenzo D. Hunt. enl. Dec. II, 1861. Disch. for disability June 1, 1863. 

James Olds, enl, Dec. 17, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Dec. 17, 18(>4. 

Asa Smith, enl. Dec. 17, 1861. Disch. at end of term. Dee. 17, 1804. 

Edward W. Roscoe, enl. May IS, 1861. Traiiiter.ed to Comijauy H March 
13, 1864. Mustered out June 30, 1864. 

Augustus Berschig, eul. Jan. 3, 1864. Disch. for disabiUty Jan 5. 1865. 


Charles H. Morgan, enl. May 18, 1801, Company A; promoted to Ser- 
geant; and to Second Lieutenant August 18. 1803. Transferred to 
Company D. and promoted to First Lieutenant May 1, 1805; and to 
Captain Company B May 39, 1805. Mustered out with regimeut. 

Heury Richardson, enr. Second Lieutenant Company D May 20. 1861; 
promoted to First Lieuteuant Company B July 34, 1861; to Captain 
Company H, Fifth-Fourth Infantry, February 1, 1832. 


Benjamin Jackson, transferred from Company I and ma le 1st Lieuten- 
ant of Company C, June 1. 18;3. Muitered out with the Regiment. 

John F. Cutler, enr. as Sergeant .May 2), 1801; prom ited to 2d Lieuten- 
ant July 23, 1861. Resigned September 22, 1861. 


Howard S. Lovejoy, enr. as Captain, May 20, I80I ; wounJed at Autietam, 
Maryland, September 1S02. Resigned Feb. 13, 1803. 

Charles H.Morgan, enlisted in Company A May 18, 1861; trans- 
ferred to Company D and made 1st Lieutenant May I, 1865. Trans- 
ferred to Company B May 29. 1865. 

John T. Ogden. enr. as Corporal May 20, 1861; promoted to Sergeant, to 
2d Lieutenant April 20, .1864, and to 1st Lieutenant May ;iO, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Regiment July 26, 1865. 

Henry L. Hood enl. Company G as 1st Lieutenant, June 7. 1861; trans- 
ferred to Company D Jlarcb 31. 1862. and September 4th returned to 
Company G. 

Abram A. Hunter, enr. as 1st Lieutenant May 20, 1861; promoted to 
Captain Company K March 1. 1S62. 

Henry Richardson, eor. as 3d Lieutenant May 2'), 1861; promoted to 1st 
Lieutenant Company B July 24. 1861. 

Edward Cameron, enl. May 20, IStil; promoted to Sergeant and to 
Sei-geant .March 4, 1863. Mustered out with Ihe Reg. July 26. 1863. 

John Gorman, enl. May 20. 1861; promoted to Sergeant. Mustered out 
with the regiment. 

Edwin Hawes. enl. May 20, 1S61. Mustered out with the regiment. 

George W. Penn. enl. Way 2>, lj61; promoted to Musician and mustered 
out with the regiment. 

Corydou Bassett. enl. May 30. 1S6I. Mustered out with the regiment. 

William Oraeber. enl. May 20, lS<il. Mustered out with the regiment. 

Joel Hance. enl. May 20. 1861. Mustered out with the regiment . 

Edgar Leach, enl. May 30, 1861 . Mustered out with the regiment. 



Sylvester Leach, enl. May 20, 1861. Mustered out with the regiment . 

Henry Marmil'tein, enl. May 20, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 

David E. Scott, enl. May 20, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 

James Wortman, enl . May 20, 1861 . Mustered outwith the Reg. 

John H. Lindley. enr. as Corp. Ma.y 30, 1861; promoted to Sergt. Killed 
at South Mt.. Md.. Sept. 14. 1862. 

Isaac \V. Barker, enl. May 20, 1861. Killed at South Mt., Sept. 14, 1862. 

Hiram Durkee. enl. May 20. 1861. Killed at South Mt., Sept. 14, 1868. 

James Eldridge. enl. May 20, 1861. Killed at Autietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Frederick Hooker, enl. May 30, 1861. Killed at South Mt., Md., Sept. 14, 

Edward Sims, enl May 20, 1861. Killed at South Mt., Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 

William W. Hardy, enr. as Sergt. May 20, 1861. Died at Fayetteville, 
Va., Jan. 15, 1868. 

Harvey K. Law, enl. Ma.y 20, 1.S61; promoted to Corp. Died at Camp 
Ewing, Va., Nov. 2. 1861. 

Orin F. Green, enr. as Corp. May 20, 1861. Died at Raleigh, Va., April 
5, 1862. 

Samuel Clifford, enl. May 20, 1861. Died at rebel prison July 12, 1864. 

Gilbert G. field, enl. May SO, 1861. Lost on the steamer Sultana April 
85. 1865. 

John R. Searl, enl. May 20, 1861. Died at Raleigh, Va., March 16. 1862 

Eliphalet I. Taylor, enr. as Corp. May 20, 1861; promoted to Sergt. Dis- 
charged at end of term June 11. 1864. 

DenniBon C. Hanchett. enr. as Corp. May 20, 1861; promoted to Sergt. 
Disch. at end of term June 11, 1864. 

Lucius F. Gilson, enl. May 20, 1861; promoted to Sergt. Disch. at end 
of term June 11. 1864. 

Willis Chase, enl. May 20. 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Discharged for 
disability caused by wounds April 19, 1865. 

William E. Brooks, enl May 20, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Discharged 
at end of term June U, 1864. 

Clifton A. Bennett, enr. as Corp. May SO, 1861. Promoted July 28, 1863, 
to Sergt- Discharged at end of term June 11, 1864. 

James H Goddard, enr. as Corp. May 20, 1861 Discharged at end of 
term June 11, 1864. 

Edgar A. Price, enr. as Corp. May 20, 1S61 . Discharged for disability 
Dec. 18. 1862. 

Abraham Tanner, enl. May 20, 1861 . Promoted to Corp. Disch. at end 
of term June 11, 1864. 

Daniel Baker, enl. May 30, 1861. Disch. for disability Feb. 1, 1862. 

Wjlliam R. Boone, eni. May 20, 1861 . Disch. Sept. 20, 1861 . 

Jasper .^. Cooley, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. June 14. 1863. 

John O. Beirn. enl. May 30. 1861. Disch. June 31, 1865 

James Crowder, enl. May 30, 1861. Disch. Nov. 33, 1862 

John Eaton, enl. May 2", 1861. Disch. for disability Nov. 29, 1862. 

Milton H. Franks, enl. May 30, 1861 . Disch. for disability Sept. 19, 1861 . 

Thomas Flack, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. Jan. 23, 1863. 

John Goss, enl. May 30, 1861. Disch. April 1, 1863. 

William I. Holcomb, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. for disabiUty April 17, 1863. 

Jacob Hartman. enl. May 20, 1861 . Disch. for disability May 4, 1863. 

Theodore Harris, enl. May 30, 1661 . Disch. at end of term June 11, 1864. 

David Peterman, enl. May 30, 1861 . Disch. for disability Oct. 26, 1862. 

Martin Ryan, enl. May 30, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept. 7, 1868. 

Truman S Seaman, enl . May 30, 1861 . Disch . for disability June 5, 1862. 

Maishall H. Sipler, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. for disability March 16, 

Ephraim Stevens, enl. May 80, 1861. Disch. at end of term June 11, 1864. 

Lawrence Squire, enl. May 20, 1861 . Taken prisoner July 24, 1664. Was 
released and Di*ch. June 8, 1865. 

Harry Wheeler, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept . 20, 1861 . 

Sumuel Ward, enl. May 30, 1861 Disch. for disability Oct. 25, 1863. 

Henry Agar, enl. May 20, 1861 . Transf . to Co. K March 14, 1864. Mus- 
tered out July 6, 1864. 

George Archer, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf, to Co. K March 14, 18r4. 
Mustered out July 6. 1864. 

Joseph Brumley, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 1864. 
Mustered out June 30. 18M. 

George S Bidwell, enl. May 20, 1861 Transf. to Co H March 5, 1864. 
Mustered out June 30, 1864. 

Frederick V. Cogswell, enl. as Musician May 30, 1861. 

Sampson C. Curtiss, enl. May 30, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 1864. 
Mustered out June 30. 1864. 

David Danby, enl. May 30, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14, 18tM. Clus- 
tered out July 6, 1864. 

Ransom Fisher, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf to Co. H March 5, 1864. Mus- 
tered out June 30, 1864. 

William D. Hanson, enl. May 20. 1861. Transf to Co. K JIarch 14, 1864 
Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Joseph Hower, enl. Jlay 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14. 1-6). .Mus- 
tered out July 6.1864. 

Philip Holzworth, enl. .May 20, 1861, Transf. to Co. K March 14. 1864. 
.Mustered out July 6, 1864. 

Henry M. Holzworth. enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14, 1864. 
Mustered out July 6. 1864. 

Theodore W. Ingersoll. enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March .5, 
1864. Mustered out June 30. 1864. 

William Jones, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14, 1864. Mus- 
tered out July 6, 1864. 
Allen H. Larned, enl. May 30, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 1851. 

Mustered out June .30, 1864. 
George Lowenstein, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 1864. 

Mustered out June 30. 1864. 
Anson K. Mills, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14, 1864. Mus- 
tered out July 6, 1864, 
Charles E. Manchester, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14. 

1864. Mustered out July 6, 1864 
Henry Montague, enl. May 2(i, 1861. Transf. to Co. K March 14, 1864. 

Mustered out July 6, 1864 
Henry Molter, enl. May 20, 1861 , Transf. to Co. K March 14, 18114. Mus- 

teied out July 6, 1864. 
Frederick Motre.y, enl. May 20, 18'31. Tiansf. to Co. K March 14, 1864. 

Mustered out July 6, 1864. 
Meredith McKinney, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 1864 

Mustered out June .30, 1864. 
George C. Reannourd, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H March 5, 

1864. Mustered out June 30, 1864. 
Addison A. Root, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K. March 14, 1864. 

Mustered out July 6, 1864. 
Warren Square, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K. March 14, lI^64. 

Mustered out July 6, 1864. 
James H. Waldo, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. H, March 5, 1864. 

Mustered out June .30, 1864. 
Nelson H. Wing, eni May 30. 1861. Transf. to Co. H. March 5, 1861. 

Mustered out June 30, 1864. 
Thomas J. Wiley, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf to Co. H. March 5. 1864. 

Mu.stered out June -30. 1861. 
Charles Morgan, enl. May 20, 1861. Transf. to Co. K, Jlarch 14, 1864. 

Mustered out July 6, 1864. 
Leander H. Lane. enr. as Corp. May 20. 1861 . Promoted to Sergt. Nov. 

■27, 1863, to 2nd Lieut Co. A, July 2, 1864. 
Samuel McElroy. enl. as Musician May 30, 1861. Transf. to Co. K, March 

14, 1864. Disch, with the Co. July 6, 1864. 


Orsou Holly, enl. Jan. .1. 1861. Promoted to Corp, June 2.s, 1865, Mus- 
tered out with the Co July 36, 1865. 
Jared S. Chamberlain, enl. March 35, IHtji. Mustered out with the Co, 
Charles Featherly , enl . March 23, 1864. Mustered out with the Co . 
Scott F. Huntley, enl. Feb. 3. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Horace A. Little, enl. March 23, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
David C. Stover, enl. Feb. 3, 1864. . Mustered out with the Co. 


Alonzo Kingsbury, enl. Dec. 'XI. 1863 Mustered out with the Co. 
James Williams, enl. July 14, 1864. Disch. July 8, I86i. 

Wallace J. Woodward, First Lieut. Co. A, May 18, 1861. Prom. toCapt. 

Co. G. July 34, 1861. Died of fever at Camp Ewing, Nov. 6, 1861 . 
Henry M. Haven, enl. Sergt. Co. A, May 18, 1861. Prom, to Capt. Co. 

G, Dec. 10, 1861. Resigned Dec. 1, 1863. 
Henry G. Hood, enr. as 1st Lieut. June 7, 1861. Assigned to Co. D, 

March 31, 1862 Promoted to Capt. Sept. 4, 1862, and returned to 

Co. G. Wounded at South Mt., Md . Sept. 14, 1863. Disch. July fi 

Leander H Lane, enr. Corp. Co. D, May 20, 1861. Prom, to Sergt 

Nov. 27, 1863; to 2d Lieut, Co. .-V, July .3, 1864, to 1st Lieut. Co. G, 

July 21, 1864, and to Capt. Co. I, Jan 12, 1865. 
Lewis Barrett, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Disch. June 30, 1865. 

Robert More, en' . as Captain May 22, 1861 , Res. March -ii, 1868. 
Leander H, Lane, enl Corp. Co. D, May 20, 1861. Made 2nd Lieut. Co. 

A. July 2, 1864, 1st Lieut. Co. G, July 21, 1864, and Capt. Co. I, 

Jan . 13, 1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
Eugene Clark, enr, as Corp. May 22, 1861. Promoted to Sergt; to 2nd 

Lieut June 11, 1864; to 1st Lieut. July 1, 1864, and to Captain Co. 

A, May 1, 1865. 
Charles P. Conaut, enl. May 32, 1861 . Prom, to Sergt. Nov. .30, 1863; to 

2d Lieut. Oct. 8, 1864, and to 1st Lieut. April 20, 1865. Mustered out 

with the Reg. July 26, 1805. 
Benj W. Jackson, enr. us Sergt. May 83. 1861. Promoted to 2d Lieut. 

March 23. 1862. and to 1st Lieut. Co. C, Jan. 1, 1863 
Russell Hastings. (See Field and Staff.] 
Valeen Jackson, enl. Feb. 22, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Jan. 8, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. July 26, 1865. 
Perry C. Carroll, enl. Jan. 25, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
George C, Jones, enl. May 22. 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Ryan, enl. June 8, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patrick Scribner, enl Feb 24, 1864. .Mustered out with the Co. 
James Walker, enl. Feb. 8, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 



John Hailloek, enl. June 8, ISW. Sick in Hosp at Baltimore since April 

15, 1805. 
William F. Greer, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Killed at Cloyd Mt., Va., May !1, 1804. 
Charles Dille, enl. Sept. 1, 1863. Died in Andersonville prison Aug. 1, 

Orin C. Johnson, enl. Deo. 38, 1863. Died in rebel prison at Salisbury, N. 

C, Dec. 16, 1864. 
Charles Bliss, enl. Feb. Sj, 1864. Disch. for disability 3Iay 39, 1805. 
Daniel B. Jenks, enl. Sept 1, 1803. Transf. to the Invalid Corps Dec. .31, 



Abrani A. Hunter, enr. 1st Lieut. Co. D. May 30, 1861. Prom, to Capt. 

Co. K, March 1. 1863. Wounded at South Mt., Md., Sept. 14, 1862- 

Killed at Cloyd Mt., Va., May 9, 1864. 
Russell Hastings, enr. Co. I, as 3d Lieut. May 33, 1861. :\Iade Capt. Co. 

K, Aug. 8, 1863. Prom, to Lieut. Col. March 8, 1865. 

C 11 A P T E K X X . 


Organization of the Twenty-fourth— Off to West Virginia— The Rebels 
defeated— To Kentucky and Tennessee— Pittsburg Landing — It goes 
north with Buell— Perryville- Stone River— Two Commanders Killed 
—Chickamauga— Mission Ridge — Dalton— Clustered out— Members 
from this County— Twenty-fifth Infantry— Transferred Men— The 
List— Twenty-seventh Infantry— Company G — Service in 3lissouri— In 
Pope's Arm}-- Battle of Inka —Battle of Corinth— Parker's Cross 
Roads — -At Memphis— In Middle Tennessee — Re-enlistment -The At- 
lanta Campaign— Dallas— Kenesaw—Xicojack Creek— Hard Fighting 
before Atlanta— Heavy Losses— To the Sea— Muster out— Cuyahoga 
Members- Thirtieth Infantry— Thirty-second Infantry — Thirt3--third 
Infantry— Thirty-seventh Infantry— The Number from this Connty 
Ordered to West Virginia— Fight at Princeton— At Fa.vetteville— On 
the Mississippi— The Assault on Vicksburg- Movement to Chatta- 
nooga — Battle of Mission Ridge— Relief of Knoxville — Re-enlistment 
— Resaca, Dallas and Kenesaw— Before Atlanta— Battle of Ezra Chapel 
— Jonesboro — Subse'iuent Services— ^Members from Cuyahoga County. 


This reginient was organized at Camp Chase in the 
latter part of June, 1801. The records show that 
tifty-four members, all Germans, were from Cuyahoga 
county, lieaded by Lieutenant (afterwards Captain) 
Jacob Dichl. 

The regiment went to West \'irginia in the latter 
part of July, serving at Cheat Mountain Summit 
(luring August and Sejjtember. On the morning of 
September Vith it was surrounded and attacked by 
a brigade of rebel soldiers. After a skirmishing tight 
of three hours the assailants tied, leaving some of 
their number dead on the field besides a few who were 
taken jjrisoners. The Twenty-fourth, being defended 
by abatis, had only two men wounded. On the 3d of 
October the regiment was slightly engaged at Green- 
brier, having five men killed and Avounded. 

In November tlie Twenty-fourth moved to Ken- 
tucky, joining the Tenth Division, Army of the 
Ohio. In February, 1862, it i)roceeded to Nashville, 
and thence in March went forward witJi Buell's army 
to join Grant. It crossed the Tennessee in the after- 
noon of April ()th, and immediately took part in the 
battle of Pittsburg Landing. The ne.\t day it was 
siiarply engaged, though with comparatively slight 
loss — four killed and twenty-eight wounded. 

After serving in northern Mississijjpi and Alabama 
it returned to Kentucky, and was present at the battle 
of Pcrrvville. It was with Rosecrans in his advance 

from Nashville in December, 18G2, and was severely 
engaged at Stone River, having two regimental com- 
manders (Colonel Jones and Major Terry) killed in 
succession in that battle. The whole loss was four 
officers and ten men killed, and four officers and 
si.\ty-nine men wounded, out of three hundred and 
fifty-three present. 

After light duty daring the sjiring and summer of 
1803, the regiment moved forward with Rosecrans 
and was warmly engaged at Chickamauga; in fact was 
badly Ijroken up, and suffered severely in killed and 
wounded. The same fall the Twenty-fourth took 
part in the great victory of Mission Ridge. It was 
also in an engagement near Dalton, having ten men 
killed and wounded. It saw some hard service during 
the winter, but no more serious fighting. It was 
mustered out in June, 1804-. 


Jacob Diehl, enr. as 3nd Lieut. May 30, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

May 7, 1863, and to Capt. Aug. 16, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 

June 30, 1864. 
William Hartman, enl. April 34, 1S61. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 3, 1J63, 

and to Sergt, Jan. 10, 1863. 
John F. Weigold. enl. April 34, 1861. Promoted to Con). Feb. '30. 186:3, 

and to Sergt. June 34, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. June 30, 1864. 
Henry Schoder, enl. May 10, 1801. Promoted to Corp. and to Sergt. 

April 1. 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 
Pe er Hoffman, enl. .\pril 34. 1861. Promoted to Corp. April 1. 1864. 

Mustered out with the Co . 
Louis Seithard, enr. as Drummer Ajiril 24. 1861 . Mustered out with the 

William Dodel, enl. April 34, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Franz Florin, enl, April 38, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Peter Goebel, enl . April 34, 1S61 . Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas Geist, enr. as Corp. April 24. 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Philip Grames. enl. April '34, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Andrew Hilbrunner, enl. .April 34, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Benoit Kling, enl. Ma.v 1, 1861 , Mustered out with the Co. 
Adam Stahl. enl . April 34. 1861. Mustered out with the Co . June '30, 1864. 
John Sonimerholder, enl. April 24, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Frederick Thode, enl. April 24. 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Emanuel Newman, enl. April 24, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Killed at 

Stone River. Tenn , Jan. 3, 1863. 
Christoph Bergermaister, enl. April 34, 1861. Killed at Greenbriar, Va., 

Oct. 31, 1861. 
Sunor Deggengier. enl. May 28, 1861 . Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. 
Jacoph Kinesel, enl May 1,1801. Killed at Greenbriar, Va., Oct. 31, 1861. 
John O'Xeill, enl. June 13, 1861. Killed at Greenbriar, Va., Oct. 31, 1861. 
Johann Suter, enl. April 34, I86I, Killed at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 

Casper Weiss, enr. as Sergt. April -34, 18i;i. Died at Louisville. Ky.. Dec. 

31, 1803. 
Joseh Borlein, enl. April 34. ISOl. Killed at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 

John Fry, enl. April 31, 1^61 . Promoted to Corp. Died at Cleveland, 0., 

Feb. 15, 1862. 
Franz Detombel. enl. May 25, 1861 . Died at Louisville. Ky.. Dec 2,1861. 
Charles Gusching. enl. May 10. I8131. Died at .Mound City. III., June 1, 

John Henss. enl. May 1, 1861. Died at Nashville, Tenn , Sept. 10, 1863. 
Jacob Schott. enl. May 6. 1861. Died at Mound City. 111., May 13, 1863. 
Heinrich C. Hoyer, enl. April 34, Isoi. Transf to Invalid Corps Oct. 23, 

Joseph Lehman, enl. April 34. istil. Transf to Invalid Corps Sept. 6, 

Patrick McNamara. enl. May ), 1861. Transf. to Invalid Corps Sept. 6. 

Jacob Severs, enr. as Corp. May 30, 1861. Transf. to Invalid Corps Oct. 

14, 1863. 
John Wehnes. enl .April 24, 1861. Disch. on account of wounds. Nov. 

13, 1862. 
Christian Kramer, enl. .April 24, 1861. Disch. on account of wounds 

July 17, 1863. 
Theodore Reilinger, enl . June 36, 1861 Disch . on account of wounds 

Jan 21 1863. 



Frederick Christian, ear. as Corp. April 34, 1861. Disch for disability 

Oct. 9, 1868. 
Frederick Draeger, enl. April 24, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 1.5, 

Christoph Kayler. enl. June 12, 1861. Disch. for disability Oct. 15, 1862. 
John Deyle. enl. Feb. 20, 1862. Disch. for disability Nov. 8, 1862. 
William Frochleich, enl. June 12, 1861. Disch. for disability Nov. 8, 1861. 
Jacob Hummel, enl. April 24, 1861, Disch. for disability April 23, 1862. 
Alexander Honimel, enl. May 18, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 10, 1863. 
John Hartman, enl. June 20, 1861. Disch. for disabiUty Aug., 1861. 
Leonard Bernhart. enl. April 24, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept., 1862. 
Jacob Miller, enl. April 24. 1861. Disch. for disability Aug., 1862. 
John Morrow, enl. June 26, 1861. Disch. for disability April, 1862. 
Christopher Passold, enl. April 24, 1861. Disch. tor disability Oct., 

George Roth. enl. May 25, 1861. Disch. for disability Oct., 1862. 
John Stauffer, enl. May 20, 1861. Disch. for disability Feb., 186.3. 
Christian Weber, enl. April 24, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug., 1861. 
Henrj- Williams, eur. as Corp. May .30, 1861. Appointed 2d Lieut., and 

transf. to Co. I Jan. 9, 1862. Resigned Jan. 29, 1862. 
George Arnold, enr. as Capt. April 24, 1861. Promoted to Major 107th 

Reg. Aug. 26. 1862. 
Augustus Draeger, enr. Sergt. April 34, 1861. Resigned April 20, 1863. 
William Machey. enl. May 1, 1861 . Promoted to Corp. ; and to Sergt. 

Sept. 1. 1861. Mustered out June 20, 1864. 
Jacob Graef. enr. as Corp. April 24, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 

June 20, 1864. 


Ill July, 1865, forty-eight Cuyahoga men of the 
One Hundred and Seventh Infantry were transferred 
to the Twenty-fifth. Afterwards the latter served on 
garrison and guard duty until June, 1866. It was 
then sent home, mustered out on the eighteenth of 
that month, some of the men having .served over five 



David G. Parker, enl. Nov. 30, 1864. Disch. Nov. ;M, 1865. 


William Bixler, enl. Sept. 29. 1864. Mustered out July 15, 1863. 

The following were transferred to the Twenty-fifth, from the One 
Hundred and Seventh Infantry in July, 1865: Joseph Muller, John G. 
McCauley, JohnW, Jorvu, Stephen Alge, Gustus A. Augspurger, Pat- 
rick Calaghan, Alvis Daul, Patrick Dillon, Gabriel Fertig, Henry Fight, 
James Goudy, Andrew Gauter. Peter Hirz, Anton Hillerick, John H. 
Horst, William Lauchlej', Michael Maloney, Jolm McCorraick. George 
Mueller, Christoph Mario, William PIuss. Samuel Pfister. William Pen- 
dleton, James Pendleton, Frederick Prasse, John Schaab, John Schmehl, 
Gottleib Schwartz. Julius Schoeneweg, John Traxel, Christian Wanger, 
John Wanger, Hermann Wehagen, John Brown, Piatt Benjamin, John 
Crane, George Ellsworth. George Hugill, George Ody, Gotfried Weiden^ 
kopf, Charles Jones. Edward Johnson, Charles Lyons, Gottleib Muntz, 
Jolm Schorr, Theodore Baldinger. Robert Dietzold, John Ley. 


Forty-nine men, of Company G, were, according to 
the record, the contribution of Cuyahoga county to 
this regiment. Frank Lynch and Edward C. Gibson, 
of this couuty, were respectively captain and second 

The regiment, from all parts of the State, was or- 
ganized at Camp Chase in August, 1861. In the fall 
it served in Missouri, and in February, 1862, joined 
tlie Army of the Mississippi. In March it was ac- 
tively engaged in the siege and capture of New Mad- 
rid and Island No. Ten. In May, with the rest of 
Pope's Army it joined Halleck, took part in the siege 
of Corinth, and remained near that point with the 
rest of the "Ohio brigade," as it was especially desig- 
nated, durino; the summer months. 

On the 19th of September the Ohio brigade took an 
active part in the battle of luka, driving the enemy 
back on the double quick as soon as it reached the bat- 
tle field. On the third of October it was at the battle 
of Corinth but not severely engaged. The next day 
it supported Battery Robinett, the main object of the 
rebel attack. The enemy made a desperate assault on 
this ijosition but were forced back with terrific loss. 
The Twenty-seventh though partially sheltered, had 
over sixty officers and men killed and wounded in a 
very brief time. 

In December, 1862, the Twenty-seventh was warmly 
engaged with Gen. Forrest at Parker's Cross Roads, 
Tenn; aiding in the capture of seven pieces of artillery, 
besides prisoners and horses. It remained at Corinth 
during the winter of 1862-3 and in the spring of 1863 
went to Memphis where it stayed throughout the 
summer. In October tiie Ohio brigade moved to mid- 
dle Tennessee. There it re-enlisted as veterans, and 
after its return from furlough it was broken up; the 
Twenty-seventh becoming part of the First brigade. 
Fourth division, Si.Kteeiith army corps. 

It took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign. At 
Dallas it aided in driving the enemy, and was also 
engaged at Big Shanty. At Kenesaw it fought 
hard and suffered heavy loss. At Nicojack creek, at 
the head of its division, it charged the rebel works 
with the bayonet and captured them. The regiment 
was in its hardest battle on the 22d of July, 1864, 
before Atlanta, when McPherson was killed. It 
charged the enemy repeatedly, and once, being at- 
tacked from the rear, changed front under fire, dressed 
its line accurately, and again rushed forward to the 
chai'ge. Its loss was heavier than in any other battle. 
Capt. Lynch v/as desperately wounded and was soon 
after promoted to lieutenant colonel. During the 
campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta the Twenty- 
seventh had si.xteen officers and a hundred and ninety- 
five men killed and wounded — more than half its 

After the capture of Atlanta the Twenty-seventh 
went with Sherman to the sea; took part in the cam- 
paign of the Carolinas, and was mustered out in July, 



Frank Lynch, enr. as Capt. Co. G July 27, 1861. Promoted to Lieut. Col. 

Nov. 3. 1864. Wounded at Corinth and before Atlanta. Disch. May 

80, 1865. 
Charles H. Smith, enr. as Sergt. Co. G, July 27, 1861 . Prom, to 2d Lieut. 

Nov. 2, 1862; to 1st Lieut. May 9, 1864; to Capt. Nov. 3, 1854; and to 

Major May 31. 1865. Mustered out with the Regt. July 11. 1865. 


Gilbert M. Jacobs, enl. July 27, 1861, in Co. G. Prom, to Sergt,; and on 
March 30, 1865, to Q. M. Sergt. Mustered out with Regt. 

William D. Evans, enr. as Musician July 27, 1861. Prom, to Chief &Iu- 
sician May 1, 1862. Mustered out with Regt. July 11, 186.5. 

Henry C. Parraalee, enl. July 37, 1861 . Prom, to Priu. Musician, and 
transf. to Non-Com. Staff Nov. 1, 18t)2. Mustered out July 11, 1865. 

Edward A. Webb, promoted to 1st Lieut, from Co. G Aug. 4, 1864; and 
Capt. Jan. 28, 1865. Mustered out with Co. 




R. Heber Worth, enr. as Corp. July ST, 1861. Prom, to Sergt. May 1, 
1S62: to id Lieut. June ST. lSiJ4; to 1st Lieut. Sept. i6, 1864; tnd to 
Capt. Jan. 28, 18ii5. Resigned June 16, 1863. 
Edward Gibson, enl. as ad Lieut. July 27, 1861 . Promoted to 1st Lieut- 
March 31, 1862. Wounded three times at Corinth. Resigned March 
14, 1804. 
Henry W. Diebolt, enl. as Sergt. July 37, 1861. Promoted to 2d Lieut. 
Feb. 6. 1 62: and to 1st Lieut. Jan. 1, 18I5.3. Died May 33, 1864, of 
w«.»unds received near Dallas. Georgia. 
Edward A. Webb. enr. as Corooral Julj' 27, 1.%1. i'rom. to Sergt. Dec. 
2."), 136;i: to 2d Lieut. June 27, 1864; and to 1st Lieut, and assigned to 
Co. E Aug. 1, 1864. 
Matthew F. Madigan, enl. July 27, 1861 . Prom, to Sergt. March 30, 1865, 

and to 1st Lieut. .June 6. 1S65. Mustered cut with the Co. 
George .S. SpaulJiug, enr. as Sergt. Prom, to 2d Lieut. Killed at Dal- 
las, Georgia. 
WilUam B, Atwell. enr. as Corp. July 27. 1861 Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 

23. 1863. Killed in action July 4, 1864. 
George Small, enr. as Corp. July 27, 1.861 . Promoted to Sergt. Transf , 

to Invalid Corps Jan. 10, 186.-!. 
Lucius B. Laney, enr. as Musician July --C 1861. Disch for diasability 

Aug. 2, 1.S62. 
Francis Gottka. enl. July 27, 1861. Disch Aug. 18, 1864, 
John Brennis. enl . July '^7, 1861 . Promoted to Corp . Jan . 1, 1864 ; and 

to Sergt, June 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. July 11, 1865 
John H Beman. enl. July 27, 1861. 
Cleanthus Burnet, enl. July 27, 1861. Discharged for disability caused 

by wound received Oct. 4, 1862. 
John B. Dawson, enl. July 27. 1861 . Killed at Cheraw, S. C, Feb. 27, 1865. 
Milton Davis, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. tor disabiUty Jan. 16, 1862. 
John Dillon, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. for disabiUty caused by a fall, 

June 10, 1862. 
Oriu B. Gould, enl. July 27. 1861. Disch. April 19, 1864, for disability 

caused by wounds received at Corinth, Miss., Oct. 2, 186-2. 
Samuel E, Grunnell. enl. July 27. 1861. Disch. March 2, 1863, in order to 

enable him to re-enlist elsewhere. 
-Chester F. Griffith, enl. July 27, 1871. Prom, to Corp. Jan. 1, 1864; and 

to Sergt. Aug. 1, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Philip R. Handle, enl. July 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Taylor D. Hall, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 23, 1861. 
James M. Hiiie, enl. July 27, 1861 . Died at Evansville, Ind., Aug. 20, 1862. 
Thomas Johnson, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Aug. 18, 1864. 
Jacob Laux, enl. .July '27, 1861 . Disch. for disabiUty June 3, 1863. 
Jacob Loeder. enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. Oct. 5, 1861. 
James E. Ladley, enl. July -27, 1861. Taken prisoner Nov. 5, 1861. Re- 
leased and discharged Dec. 23, 1861 . 
Sebastian Miller, enl. July '27, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Aug. 18, 1864. 
Jeremiah T. McPherson, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. Dec. 2, 1862, on ac- 
count of wounds received at Corinth Oct. 4, 1861. 
John W. Mercer, enl. July 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
ElbriJge Myers, enl. July 27, 1861. Taken prisoner Nov. 3, 1861. Freed 

and disch. Dec. 2:i, 1861. 
WiUiam Neyland, enl. July 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Aug. 18, 1864. 
Thomas I. Plunimer, enl. 27, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Killed at Kene- 

saw Mountain, Georgia, June -22, 1864. 
William Parker, enl, July 27, 1861. Discharged for Disability, Oct. 5, 1861. 
Asa Radway, enl. July 2;. 1861 Prom, to Corp. July 1, 1865. Mustered 

out with the Co 
George W. Rathbuni, enl, July 27, 1861. Disch. July 29, 1862. 
John Schuff, enl. July "27, 1861. Died at Nashville, Tenn., June 15, 1864. 
David Schafer. enl. July 27, 1861 Disch. at end of term, Aug. 18, 1864. 
Michael Snyder, enl. July 27, 1861. Prom, to Corp July 1, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
John R. Schuck, enl. July •27, 1861. Disch. for disability May 25, 1865. 
John W. Scott, enl. July 27, 1861. Taken prisoner Nov. 5, 1861. Freed 

and disch. Dec. -23. 1861. 
James R. Thomas, ei.l. July 27, 1861 Transf. to InvaUd Corps Jan. 7, 

George Brennis, enl. Jan. 27, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Lemons, enr. as Musician Feb. 15, 1864. Mustered out with Co. 
George Myers, enr. as Musician Feb. 15, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John R. Cheek, enr. as Corp. Aug i;i. ISiJl Died Aug -28, 1864, in hos- 
pital, at JIarietta, Ga., from wound. 



Morgan Lee. enl. March 13, 1865. Mustered out Aug. 13, 1865. 


John R. After, enr. as Surg. Sept. 13, 1861. Mustered out at expiration 

of term of service, Sept. 27, 1864. 
Royal W. Varney, enr. as Asst. Surg. April 7, 1863. Mustered out with 

the Reg. July 20. 1865. 



John \V White, enl. Jan. 1, 1863, Killed in action at Brush Mt., Ga., 

June 27, 1864. 
Alonzo Egbert, enl. March 16. 1864 Mustered out with the Reg Julv 20 



Herman Meyers, eul. March 1, 1863. Mustered outSDth .luly. 1863. 

George Quaid, enl Jan 1, 1,863. Died from wounds near Atlanta Ga 
July 22, 1864, 


David Harrington, eul. Jan 16, 1863. 

Michael MoGue, enl, Jan. 16, 1863. Mustered out July 20, 1865. 



EUsworth W. Libby, enl, Aug. 10, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1, 1864; 
to 1st Lieut, Aug. -26, 1864, and to Capt. March 26, 1863. Mustered 
out with the Co , July 12, 1865 , 


Tliis, the third Genuau regiment raised iu Ohio, 
contained forty-nine men from Cuyahoga county iu 
Company A, twenty-two iu Company F, and forty- 
two iu Company H; besides a few iu other compauies; 
bringing the total up to a hundred and thirty-tliree. 
It was mustered into service in October. 1861. 

It soon moved to West Virginia, where it was in 
service during the winter. In March, 1862, with 
other regiments, it was engaged in a liard fight at 
Princeton, W. Va.. iu which the command had tlie 
misfortune to be defeated; the Thirty-seveuth having 
one officer and thirteen men killed, aud two officers 
and forty-six men wounded. The Thirty-seveuth 
was also sharply engaged near Fayetteville, ou the 
10th of September, with a heavy force under General 
Loring. At this time the whole command was com- 
pelled to retreat to the Ohio river. 

Iu December, the regiment was ordered to join 
Grant's army, aud on the 21st of January, 1863, ar- 
rived at Milliken"s Bend, nearly opposite \'icksburg, 
becoming a part of the Fifteenth Army Corps. After 
arduous service tlirough the rest of the winter, aud 
after taking part iu the feint against Haines" Bluff in 
April, the Thirty-seventh moved on the 13th of Mav 
to Grand Gulf, aud thence marched to the rear of 
Vicksburg. It took an active aud gallant part iu the 
unsuccessful assaults on that place, made ou the 10th 
and 22d of May; having nineteen men killed aud 
seventy wounded. 

After the capture of Vicksburg, the summer of 1863 
was spent iu active duty in Mississippi. During Oc- 
tober and November the Thirtj--seventli made its way 
to Chattanooga. On the morning of the 25th of 
November it assaulted the rebel fortifications, situated 
on the lofty heights of Mission Ridge. It was re- 
pulsed with the loss of tive men killed, aud five offi- 
cers and thirty-oue men wounded, but as the enemy's 
works were captured at numerous points it was soon 
enabled to advance and join in the pursuit. Imme- 
diately afterward the regiment was sent to aid in the 



relief of Knoxville, which was accomplished by a brief 
campaign, but one of extraordinary hardships. 

In March, 1864, the Thirty-seventh re-enlisted as 
veterans, and after the usual furlough advanced witli 
the Fifteenth Army Corps on the Atlanta campaign. 
In its advance on Resaca it had thirteen officers and 
men killed and wounded. It also took part iu the 
conflicts at Dallas and New Hope Church, and the 
terrible battle of Kenesaw Mountain. Before Atlanta, 
on the "-iSd of July, it was outflanked and compelled 
to abandon its intrenchments, with a loss of fourteen 
men killed and wounded, and thirty-eight taken pris- 
oners, but immediately after joined in a general at- 
tack and recaptured the position. On the 37th of 
July the Thirty-seventh was engaged in the battle of 
Ezra Chapel, in which the enemy was completely de- 
feated. On the 30th of August it was in the battle 
of Jonesboro, which was speedily followed by the 
capture of Atlanta. 

The Thirty-seventh next took part in the forced 
marches in pursuit of Hood; then returnedfto Atlanta 
and set out for the sea with Sherman. With that 
energetic leader it marched through Georgia, South 
Carolina and North Carolina, the army scattering 
before it every rebel force which attempted to obstruct 
its path. After the collapse of the rebellion, this 
regiment was ordered to Arkansas, where it remained 
till the 13th of August, 1805. It was then mustered 
out, and the men taken back to Cleveland and dis- 



Edward Siber, enr. as Col. Sept. 12, 1861. Resigned March 23, 18W. 
Charles Ankele, enr. as Major Aug 3, 1861. Wouoded at Princeton, W. 

Va., May 17, 1S62. Resigned June 5, 1863. 
Julius C. Schenck, enr. as Asst. Surg. Sept 7, 1861 . Promoted to Surg. 

July 2-2, 1862. Resigned Nov. 20, 1862. 


Franz Frey, enl. Oct. 16. 1861. Prom, to Sergt. Jan. 26, 1863, and to Non- 
Corn. Staff as Com. Sergt. Sept. 16. 1864. Mustered out with Regt. 

Louis Quedonfeld, enr. as Capt. .iug 5,1861. Killed at Princeton, W. 

Va., May 17, 1862. 
George Boehm, enr. as 1st Lieut. Aug. 15, 1861. Promoted to Capt. Co. 

F. March .31, 1862. 
Christian Ptahl. enr. as 2nd Lieut. Aug. 15, 1861 . Resigned Dec. 37, 1861. 
Christian Hambrack, eur. as 1st Sergt. Aug. 15, 1861, Promoted to 2nd 

Lieut. July 11, 1862. Resigned Dec. 20, 1862. 
Louis Becker, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 2, 1861. Wounded and captured at 

Princeton, W. Va., May 17, 1802. 
John Otter, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 12, 1861. Promoted to 1st Sergt. March 

1, 1S63. Disch. from Hosp. June 2, 1865 
William Rock. enr. as Sergt. Aug 15. 1861. Wounded and captured at 

Princeton, W. Ya.,May 17, 1862. 
Fred Ambrosius, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 16, 1861. Promoted to 2nd Lieut 

Co. B, Feb. 8. 1862. 
Florian Saile, enr. as Corp. Aug. 15, 1861 . Mustered out at end of term 

Sept. 13. 1864. 
Emil Blau, enr. as Corp. Aug. 16, 1861. Wounded and captured at Pince- 

ton, W. Va., May, 17, 1862. 
Jacob A. Kleinschmidt, enr. as Corp. Sept. 6, 1861 Killed at Princeton , 

W. ya.,May 17, 1862. 
Carl Eberhard, enr. as Corp. Aug. 15, 1861. Wounded and captured at 

Princeton. W. Va., May 17, 1862. 
Nicholas Bellery, enr. as Corp. -\ug. 15, 1861. Wounded near Atlanta, 

Ga., 11, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
George Obocht, enr. as Corp. Aug. 1861 . 

Asa Adamsky, enr. as Musician. Sept. 6, 1861. 

Frederick Lay, enr. as Musician Aug. 15, 1861. 

Peter Yoelker, enl. Aug. 28, 1861. 

Joseph Adler, enl \ug. 15,1861. 

Christian Berger, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. 

Ludwig Bauer, enl. Aug. 28. 1861. 

Friedrich Dreger, enl. Aug, 28, 1861. 

Joseph Fruch, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Mustered out at end of term Sept. 

12, 1864. 
JohnH Frerichs, enl. Aug. 15, ISfil. Promoted to 1st Seigt. Sept. 9, 

1861. to 2nd Lieut. Co. C, April 1, 1862. 
Johahn Haiser. enl. Aug. .15, 1861. Promoted to Sergt Feb. 10,1864. 

Mustered out with the Reg, 
Gustav Haupt, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Sept. 

12, 1804. 
Friedrich Baehrhold, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Wounded at Kenesaw Mt., 

June 27. 1864. Disch. from Hosp. June 21, 1865. 
WUhelm Haupt. enl. Sept. 6, 1861. Killed near Kenesaw Mt., June 27, 

Adolph Jaeger, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Jedn Pierre Koener, enl, Aug. 15, 1861. Mustered out at end of term 

Sept. 12. 1864. 
Magnus Kahl. enl. Sept. 1, 1861. Wounded at Mill Creek, N. C, March 

21. 1865. Lett in Hosp. at New Y'ork. 

Johann Loeblein, eul. Sept. 4, 1861. Mustered out at end of term Sept. 

12, 1864. 
Franz Marons, enl. Aug. 24, 1861. 
Karl Me.yer, enl. Aug. 28, 1861. Mustered out at end of term. Sept. 12, 

Johann PitroiT, enl. .\ug. 2S. 1861. Wounded near Atlanta. Ga., July 

22, 1864. 

Joseph StoU. enl. Aug. 15. 1-61. Mustered out at end of term. Sept 12, 

John Schaeflfer, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Disch. for disabiUty, Sept. 21, 1863. 
Leopold Serdinsky, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. 
Wilhelm Samsbrug, enl. Aug 2S, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered 

otit Sept. 12, 1864. 
Bernhard Schieffterling, enl. Aug. 28, 1861. Mustered out at end of term 

Sept. 21, l.%4. 
Adam Schmidt, enl. Aug. 24, 1861 , 
Frederick Schneider, enl. Aug. 15, 1861. Wounded near Jonesboro. Ga., 

Aug. 31 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Frederick Ungerer, enl . .\ug. 15, 1861 . 
Henry J. Votteler, enl. Sept 6, 1861. Promoted to 2d Lieut. Dec. 29, 

18«)2. Disch May 18. 1864. 
Christoph Weber, enl. .\ug. 15, 1861. 

Theodore Wendt, enl. Aug. .30, 1861. Died from wounds rec'd at Kene- 
saw Mt. July 14, 1864. 
Daniel Sherry, enl. as Drummer March, 28, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Paul Hauser, enl. Nov. 6, 1863. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Feb. 12, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Carl Knapp. enl. March 28, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg 
Adam Leonhardt, enl. Jlareh 28, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 


Charles Moritz, enr. as 1st Lieut. Co. H Sept. 6, 1,S61. Prom, to Capt. 

Co. B Feb. S, 1862. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1864. 
Fred. Ambrosius, enr. Sergt. Co. A Sept 6. 1861. Prom, to 2d Lieut. 

Co. B Feb. 8, 1862. Resigned July 11. 1862. 
George Kraus. enl. .^ug. 26, 1861. Mustered out at end of term Sept. 

12, 1864. 


John H. Freriche, enl. Aug. 15, 1861, Co. A. Prom, to 2d Lieut. Co. C 
April 1, 1S62, and to 1st Lieut. Co. E Oct. 8. 1862. 

Philip Briinat, enl Sept 5, 1861 

John Goetz, enl. Sept. 5, 1-61. 

Bernhard Jliielilemann, enl. Sept 5, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Wend.ilin Nickenhauer. enl. Sept. 5. 1861. 

Charles Renold. enl. Sept. 5. 1861 


Friederick H Rehwinkel. enr. as Capt. Sept. 2, 1861 Resigned Oct. 10, 

Adolph C. Kessinger, enr. as 1st Lieut. Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to Capt. 
.\pril 19. 1862. Resigned Dec. 20. 1862. 

Paul Wittrich, enr. as 2d Lieut. Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co F Feb. 28. 1862, and to Capt. Co. E Oct. 8, 1862. Killed at Ken- 
esaw Mt. July 22, 1864 

John H. Freriche, enr. Co A Aug 15 Transf to Co E as 1st Lieut. 
Oct. 8, 1862, to Co. I Jan. 1. 1863. 

Julius Scheldt, enr 1st Sergt. Sept. SO. 1861. Prom, to 2d Lieut. Co. E 
April 19, 1862. Resigned Nov. 29. 1862 




Anton Vallendar, enr as Capt. Aug. 1, 1861. Resigned March 31, 1808. 

Enr. as Capt. Co. H, ISSth Reg Oct. 15, 1862. Mustered out with the 

Co. Sept. 25, 1865. 
George Boehm, enr. as 1st Lieut. Co. A. Aug. 15, 1861. Proni. to Capt. 

Co. F, M.ireh 31, 18tW. .Mustered out .fan. 4, 1865. 
.\iiloii Peterson, enr. as 1st Lieut. Aug. 22. 1861. Resigned Feb. 6, 1862. 
Herman Burkhardt, enr. as Corp. Sept. 20, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. 

.Ian. ;. 1864, and to 1st Lieut. Feb. 11, 1865. Mustered out with Reg. 
I'aul Wittrich, enr. 8nd Lieut. Co. E, Sept. 2, 1861 . Prom. 1st Lieut. Co. 

F, Feb. 28, 1862. Transf. to Co. E, Oct. 8, 1862. 
Anton Stoppel, enr. 2nd Lieut Co. H, Sept. 6, 1861. Promoted 1st 

Lie\it. Co. F, May 28. 1862. Resigned Oct. li). 1862. 
Louis E. Lambert, enr. as Corp. Sept. 25, 1861. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Co. D; to 2nd Lieut. Co. F, June 22. IH63; to 1st Lieut. Co. O, April 

2il, 1864; to Adjt. July 25, 1864. 
Albert Bauer, enl. Sept. 23,1861. Taken prisoner near Atlanta, Ga, July 

22, 1864. 
John Bergsicker, enl. Sept 19, 1661 . Killed at Vicltsburg. Miss., May 19, 

Jacob Dorr, enl. Sept. 23, 1861. Died July 2, 1863, from woimds received 

in action near Vicksburg May 22, 1863. 
Charles Fehlber, enl. Sept. 30, 1861. Taken prisoner July 22, 1864. Ex- 
changed Nov., 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Frederick Gampellar, enl. Sept. 15, 1861 . Disch. tor disability Jan. 19, 

David Granger, enl. Sept. 24. 1861. Died May 19, 1862 fmrn wounds re- 
ceived at Princeton. W. Va., May 17. 
Christian Greb, enl. Sept. 16, 1861. Killed near Vicksburg, Miss.. May 

22, 1S63. 
.\nthony Junker, enl. Sept. 21. 1861. Promoted to Sergt Disch. for 

disability Sept. 30, 1864. 
William Lohr, enl. Sept. 16, 1,861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1, 1H64, and 

to 1st Sergt. May 24, 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Henry Rothman, enl. Sept. 13, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept 1-3, 1862. 
John .Simon, enl. Sept . 26, 1861 , Died May 25, 1862. from wounds received 

at Princeton, W. Va., May 17. 
John Schmidt, enl. Sept. 25, 1861. Wounded at Princeton, W. Va.. May 

17. 1S(;2. Taken prisoner near Atlanta, Ga., July 22. 1864. 
Ant.)n Vanholz. enl. Sept. 28, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 84. 1863. 
.\ciam Wicker, enl. Sept. 16, 1861. Taken prisoner near Atlanta, Ga., 

July 22, 1864. Died at Lawton. Ga. 
Jacob Zipp. enl. Sept. 16. 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 24, 186,5. 
Philip Zipp, enl. Sept. 29, 1861. Disch. tor disability Jan. IS, 186.3. 
George Ganson, enr. as Musician, April 11, 1864. Taken prisoner near 

Atlanta, Ga., July 22. 1864. Exchanged Nov. — , 1S64. 
Constantine Armbruster, enl. March 28, 1.864. Wounded near Dallas. 

Ga., June 1, 1864. Disch. tor disability .June 22. 1865. 
Gustav Lambert, enl. March 31, 1864. Detailed for special duty in the 

Eng. Dep. March 14, 1865. Mustered out July 29, 1865. 


Louis E. Lambert, transf. to Co. G, April 29, 1664, to Adj. July 24, 1861, 
to C .pt. Co. G, Feb. 11. 1865. Mustered out with Reg. Aug. 7, 1865. 

.\ugnst -V.iltman, enl. Sept. 23, 1861. Transf. to Invahd Corps Dec. 12, 


Charles Messner, enr, as Capt. Aug. 26, 1861. Resigned Nov. 16, l.s6a. 
Charles Moritz. enr. as 1st Lieut . Sept. 6, 1861, Promoted to Capt. Co. B. 

Feb. 8. 1862. 
Anton Stoppel, enr. as 2nd Lieut. Sept. 6, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

C;o. F, May 28, 1862 
Jidius Scheldt, enr. as 1st Sergt. Sept. .30, 1,801, Promoted to 2nd Lieut. 

Co. E, April 19, 1862. 
.lacob Spickert, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 12, 18J1. Disch. Jan. 14, 1883. 
John I. Hoffman, enr. as Corp. Oct. 16, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Aug. 7, 1865. 
John Dittman, enl Sept. 13, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Christian, enl. Sept 16. 1.861. Disch. for disability .\pril 10, 1863. 
Henry Detgen, enl. Sept. 21, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 14. 1863. 
August Eckert, enl. Sept. 2.5, 1861 Disch. for disability Oct. 7, 1862. 
Adam Flury, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Franz Frey. (See Non- Commissioned Staff.) 
Philip Heck, enl. Sept 30, 1861. Killed at Walnut Hills, Miss , May 19, 

August Heidter, enl. Sept. 24, 1861 . Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Held, enl. Sept. 28, 1861. Disch. for disability July 18, 1862. 
Joseph Kaestle. enl Sept. 8, 1861. Disch. for disability July 21, 1861. 
Christian Kanel, enl. Sept. 28, 1S61. Disch. for disability Jan. 13, 1863. 
William Knecht, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. Disch. at end of term Oct. 27, 1864. 
Tli.-obald Laubscher, enl. Sept. 23, 1861. Discharged at end of term 

Sept. 3<1. 1861. 
John Lieber, enl Sept. 24 1861. Disch. for disabiUty Feb 26, I8ii3 
Paul Lehrman. enl. Sept. 16, 1861 . Disch. for disability July 21!, 1862. 
Philip Meyer, enl. Sept. 7, 1861. Disch. tor disability Jan. 12, 1863. 
Conrad Oswald, enlisted Oct. 8. 1861. Killed at Walnut Hills, Miss., .May 

22, 1863. 


John Schultz, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Charles Schlee, enl. Sept. 20, 1861 . Mustered out with the Reg 
Gustav Scbulien. enl. Sept. 18, 1S61. Promoted to Corp. July 25, 1862. 

Discharged April 5, 1865. 
Matthias Schwertle, enl. Oct. 8, 1861. Disch. at end of term Oct. 13, 1864. 
Henry Sclielke, enl. Sept. 18, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Schelke, enl. Sept, 30, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg, 
Edward Seller, enl. Sept 18. 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
George Spickert, enl. Sept 12, 1861 . Wounded and captured .May 1, 

1862. Was released and discharged for disability Dec 22, 1862. 
Philip Spies, enl. Sept, 17, 1.S61, Wounded May 22,1863, Disch, for 

disability caused by wound Dec. 18, 1863. 
Ernst Tegto, enl Sejjt. 30, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan 14, 1863 
Friederich Zitzelmann, enl. Oct 2, 18'51. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1, 

1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Melcher, enl . March 23, 1864 . Detached for service at Camp Chase 

Feb. 23, 1865. 
Henry Stegkamper, enl. March 26, 1864. Wounded at Kenesaw Mt., 

Ga., June 27, 1864. Left sick in Hosp. at Troy, N. Y., April 30, 1865. 
Basil Schwantz, enl. Sept. 27, 1861. 

John Fasnacht, enl. Sept. 14, 1S61. Disch. for disability Jan. 14 1863. 
Joseph Maryne, enl. Sept. 24, 1861. Wounded and captured May 17, 

1862. Released and disch. for disability Jan. 12, 1863. 
John Spohn, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. for disablity Oct. 9, 1862. 
John Rother, enr. as Corp. Sept. 4, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Andreas Kolaetzkowski, enl. Sept. 9, 1851. Disch. Jan. 13, 1863. 

John H. Freriche. enr. Aug. 15, 1861, Co. A. Transf. to Co. I as 1st 

Lieut. Jan. 1, 1803. Resigned Sept. 24, 1864. 
JustusBecker, enl Sept. 2:i, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept 1. 186-3. 
George Henkel, enl. Sept. 10, 1861. ^Mustered out with the Reg. .4ug. 7, 

CJeorge Scheelhas, enl. Sept. 26, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 12, 1862. 


George Eichhorn, enl. Nov. 7, 1861. Disch. at end of term ,Jan. 26. 1865. 
.^lois Lieb. enl. Nov. 7, 1861. Killed near Vicksburg, Miss., 3Iay 19. 1863. 
George Schneeberger, enl, March 31, 1864, Mustered out with the Reg. 
Aug. 7.1865, 



Its Origin-The Cuyahoga Delegation— Service in Kentucky- -Pittsburg 
Landing— An Accident- A Rebel Charge and Repulse— Through Mid- 
dle Tennessee to Kentucky —Back in Tennessee— Stone River— Await- 
ing an Attack— "Fire"— A Desperate Contlict— The Next Day- 
Through the River under Fire— Silencing a Battery— Battle of Cliicka- 
mauga — The Opening Fire— Bayonet Charges -Changing Front- 
Desperate Fighting with Rilies— Surrounded and Driven Back— The 
Last Volley— Battle of Orchard Knob-.^ Splendid Dash— Mission 
Ridge— Mdes of Soldiers— Pushing up the Heights—.^ Squad captures 
a Battery— Seizing other .Artillery— 'Old Pap Thomas "—The Loss of 
the Forty-first- Off to Knoxville— Large Re-enlistment- Furlough- 
Battle of Pickett's Jlills- -in Attack and a Defeat— Pine Top Mountain 
—Frequent Conflicts— After Hood— Battle of Franklin— Battle of Nash- 
ville— .A Lively Charge— Capture of Four Guns— Service in Texas- 
Mustered out. 

When tlio biUtlenf I'.ull Run di.^closed tlie strength 
and vigor of the rebellion, several prominent citizens 
of Cleveltind set about raising a new regiment, in ad- 
dition to the already large number of men which Ohio 
had placed iu the field. It was named the Forty-first 
Ohio Infantry, and Captain William B. Hazeu, of 
the Eighth United States Infantry, was appointed its 
colonel. There were, during the war, three hundred 
and ninety-si.K men from Cuyahoga county in its 
ranks. Every company contained some of tliat num- 
ber. Companies E, F and D had respectively ninety- 
tliree, ninety and eighty-four members from this 
county, wliile tlie other companies were represented 
by various numbers, from tliirty-four in K, down to 
eight in II. 



The regiment was formed at Cleveland during the 
autumn of 1861. In November it moved to Camp 
Denuison, and thence, in the following month, to 
Camp Wickliffe. sistj* miles from Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, where it remained through the winter. Here 
Colonel Hazen was placed in command of a brigade, 
consisting of the Forty-first Ohio, the Forty-sixth and 
Forty-seventh Indiana and the Sixth Kentucky. On 
the first of February, the brigade went down the Ohio 
and up the Cumberland to Xashville, and thence, on 
the l?th of March, with the bands all playing "St. 
Patrick's Day," it set out with Bueirs army for Pitts- 
burg Landing. 

At six o'clock in the afternoon of the sixth of 
April, it reached a point on the Tennessee river, 
opposite the landing, whence the thunder of battle 
rolled in terrific volume over the water and far away 
among the hills. Having been ferried over the stream 
in a little steamer, the brigade proceeded up the bank 
among a host of stragglers, so numerous that the men 
were obliged to make their way through them in sin- 
gle file, all apparently eager to excuse their own re- 
treat by exaggerating the strength of the enemy. 

"You'll catch it on the hill," said one: "I am 
the only man left of my company," declared another; 
" This little squad is all there are alive of our regi- 
ment," said two or three more with united voices. 
Amid these discouraging greetings the Forty-first 
pressed on, and at nine o'clock took up the position 
assigned it, where it lay all night in a driving 
rain. The next day the brigade was held in reserve 
until a late hour (our informant, Capt. McMahan, 
tliinks it was about two o'clock), when it was 
ordered into an advanced position, and directed to 
hold it. 

The artillery was jjlaying freely, and while the men 
were waiting, and as Colonel Hazen was sitting on 
his horse close beside them, a spent six-pound cannon 
ball rolled up one of the hind legs of the horse of the 
colonel's bugler, and went six feet in air over the head 
of the latter. The man of music naturally dodged 
very suddenly to avoid the returning projectile, and 
a shout of laughter went up from the men at the 
oddity of the whole proceeding. 

Their merriment, however was soon stopped by the 
advance of the rebels, who came on at full speed, 
yelling, " Bull Run ! "' "Bull Run!" The Union- 
ists received them with a murderous volley, and 
General Xelson or Colonel Hazen ordered a charge. 
The men dashed forward through the oj^eu woodland, 
firing as they went, and soon gave the rebels a taste 
of Bull Run reversed. The brigade drove the rebels 
back beyond their fortifications and captured their 
guns. Being, however, then far beyond its support, 
it was in turn obliged to retire to its former line, 
where it re-formed and held the position. 

It was during this retreat that Colonel Hazen was 
separated from the brigade, a fact which has been 
made an excuse for malicious attacks against him, 
resulting in the late court-martial of General Stanley, 

and in the pending civil action against him, brought 
by General Hazen. Captain McMahon, the officer 
before referred to, declares that Colonel inow General) 
Hazen accompanied his brigade in the charge with 
great gallantry, and the separation was so brief as to 
have escaped the notice of the men. 

The fighting during the charge was of the most 
desperate kind, one hundred and forty-one out of 
four liundred and fifty men in the regiment hav- 
ing been killed or wounded in half an hour, while 
three officers and three soldiers who successively car- 
ried the colors were disabled in the same time. 

After taking part in the siege of Corinth, Hazen's 
brigade marched to central Tennessee, and thence 
proceeded under Buell, almost side by side with 
Bragg's rebel army, to Louisville. At Perryville it 
was not heavily engaged, but was in the advance in 
the pursuit of the enemy after that battle. At Pitt- 
man's Cross Roads General Hazen pushed forward 
the Forty-first through darkness blacker than Egypt 
until nine o'clock at night, driving the rebels from 
their supper, which was very speedily dispatched by 
the LTnionists, as they liad not eaten anything since 
early in the morning. 

After driving the enemy as far as Wild Cat mountain, 
Crittenden's Corps, of which the Forty-first formed a 
part, returned to Nashville. On the 29tli of Novem- 
ijer Col. Hazen was ajipointed a brigadier general of 
volunteers, and Lt. Col. Wiley succeeded him in the 
colonelcy. In December, 1863, Gen. Rosecrans, wlio 
had succeeded to the command of the army, jjrepared 
to advance against Bragg, and on the 29th of that 
month the corps marched to within two miles of 
Murfreesboro. Some maneuvers took place on the 
30th, and at one o'clock in the morning of the 31st 
the Forty-first Ohio was stationed in an open field a 
short distance from the enemy. Before daylight Gen. 
Rosecrans" order was read to them, declaring that the 
nation and the world had its eyes upon them, and 
adjuring them to use every effort to win the day. 

At this time " Cowan's House,'' four hundred yards 
in front of them, was all on fire; and as the resonant 
voice of the adjutant repeated the order, while the 
distant flames threw occasional flickerings on the grim 
faces of the soldiers, they grasped their rifles with the 
stern look of men determined to win or die, and 
awaited the order to advance. At daylight it came, 
and, preceded by a strong skirmish line, the brigade 
moved rapidly forward, the Forty-first Ohio and 
Sixth Kentucky in the first line, and the Ninth In- 
diana and One Hundred and Tenth Illinois in the 
second one. 

On reaching the line of the burning house heavy 
firing was heard at the front and rear, indicating that 
the enemy was outflanking them. Col. Wiley gave 
the command, "Change half front to the rear on 
tenth company,'' and it was executed amid the fast- 
dropping bullets as coolly as if on parade. The enemy 
advanced in two columns. His infantry was supported 
by artillerv. but the latter was soon rendered useless 



by Cottrell's battery, whicli killed all the horses of 
the rebel battery and blew up the caissons. Oen. 
Hazen and Col. Wiley sat on their horses directly in 
rear of tiie colors of the Forty-first. As the enemy 
api)roacliod. Col. W. inquired: 
"Shall I fire on them?" 
'• Not yet," replied the general. 
When the first rebel line reached tiie burning house, 
General Hazen said: 

" Now, Colonel, give them a volley." The colonel's 
voice rang out clear and calm: 

'•Attention, l)attalionI Readyl AimI Fire!" The 
crash of four hundred rifies responded to the last 
word, when the whole rebel line fell to the ground 
''as if they had been shot." The greater part of 
them, however, soon sprang up and opened a rapid 
deadly fire. The Forty-first responded with ecpial 
zeal, and continued the confiict until they had fired 
away all of the eighty rounds of ammunition with 
which they were provided. Gen. Hazen then ordered 
the regiment to the rear to cool and clean the guns, 
bringing up the One Hundred and Tenth Illinois to 
take its place. 

Scarcely had the Forty-first Ijeeu supplied with 
ammunition and got ready for action again, when 
it was announced that the rebels were driving every- 
thing on the right and the regiment was sent to stop 
them. Lying on the ground the men began firing at 
the enemy two hundred yards distant, when a line of 
Union artillery behind them began to fire over their 
heads at the same mark. Burning wads and grains 
of powder fell thick among them. This was too 
much of a good thing, and Col. Wiley prevailed on 
the artillery to cease firing until the Forty-first 
could be stationed in rear of the guns. This position 
was firmly held in spite of the most furious attacks 
by the Confederates. Later in the day the Forty- 
first was ordered to the left to guard a ford by Gen. 
Rosecrans in person, where it suffered severely from 
the rebel batteries. 

The ne.vt day, New Year's, 18G3, the Forty-first 
was held in reserve during the greater part of the 
day. A hundred pieces of artillery were massed 
by (ren. Rosecrans, and wiien the rebels came in 
front of the line they were mowed down by hundreds 
by blasts of grai)e, canister and slira2)nel. Mean- 
while, however, they were driving back Van Cleve's 
division on the left. Gen. Hazen came up to this 
regiment at a gallop a little after four o'clock and or- 
dered the men to double ([Uick after him. On reach- 
ing Stone river, tiiey found the rest of the brigade, 
all trying to get across the stream first. The general 
formed his four regiments in line, pushed forward at 
a d(iul)le quick, and easily easily drove back the foe. 

One battery kept up its fire, when Gen. Hazen ad- 
vanced with the Forty-first alone to within tiiree 
hundred yards, and delivered a well aimed volley. It 
was so destructive tliat the l)attery immediately re- 
tired from its position. Night soon after came on, 
and the ne.\t dav Gen. Bragg and his armv retired in I 

hot haste from the scene of their defeat. Durint^ 
the battle the regiment had a hundred and twelve 
officers and men killed and wounded out of four hun- 
dred and twelve with which it went into the fight. 

From the 10th of January to the 2-lth of June, 
1803, the regiment was encamped most of the time at 
Readyville, twelve miles from Murfreesboro", though 
making occasional excursions against the enemv. At 
the last mentioned date it removed from Readyville, 
and on the 1.5th of August advanced with the army 
toward Chattanooga. After taking part in the labori- 
ous marches incident to the movement, the Forty- 
first found itself on the night of the ISth of Septem- 
ber on the bank of Chickamauga creek, near Gordon's 

Lt. McMahan was in command of the picket of tiie 
Forty-first, and late in the morning of the 19th he 
was ordered to form his picket as skirmishers and 
move forward. He did so and was followed by the 
regiment; the rest of tiie brigade being aligned on 
either side of the Forty-first. About 11 o'clock the 
skirmishers came out into an open field, at the farther 
edge of which was a line of rebels who opened tire on 
them. The lieutenant ordered his men to double 
quick across the field, but when about half way across 
heard the stentorian voice of Col. Wiley thunder 
"Halt!"' Looking around he saw the regiment at 
the edge of the field with their rifles at an aim. 

"Lie down!" shouted the lieutenant, and the 
men were glad enough to obey, when a vollev of 
bullets swept over them into the ranks of the foe. 
The skirmishers were obliged to make their way l)ack 
to the lines on their hands and knees. The regiment 
held this position until near four o'clock in the after- 
noon, firing all its ammunition. Twice the rebels 
charged it with the bayonet; both times the gal- 
lant Forty-first met them with a counter charge and 
both times the assailants broke and fled within thirty 
feet of the Union bayonets. 

At the time last mentioned the regiment was re- 
lieved and marched to a piece of timber, where it 
was supplied with ammunition. The men were as 
hungry for it as so many wolves. They filled not 
only their cartridge boxes, but all their pockets and 
the waists of their blouses above the belts; every man 
providing himself with at least one hundred rounds. 
Scarcely had they done so when heavy firing was 
heard on the riglit. and the Forty-first was ordered 
thither on the double ipiick by General Hazen, to 
support General Van Cleve. 

The man were placed on the right of thesecond line 
and when the first gave way were vigorously assailed 
by a heavy force uf the enemy. They delivered a 
rapid succession of well-aimed volleys, while General 
Hazen handled a battery in person, and thus their 
front was kept clear. Ere long, however, the rebels 
made their way around the unprotected right flank of 
the Forty-first, and soon the gallant regiment was 
almost surrounded by tlie foe. The bullets came on 
every side, and for the only time in their military 



experience the men of the Forty-first ran at the top 
of their speed to escape from the enemy. They were 
not, however, entirely broken up; they loaded as they 
ran, and on reaching; a convenient hill a stand was 
made, and by the help of artillery the rebel advance 
was checked. 

The men worked hard a large part of the night, 
rolling up logs to form a barricade. At nine o'clock, 
the morning of the 20th, the rebels charged them, 
but their log defense was found impregnable, and the 
assailants were repulsed with great loss. Other at- 
tempts of the same kind were made during the day, 
but always with the same result, and late in the 
afternoon Hazen's brigade still held its position. But 
its ammunition was nearly all expended, its com- 
rades of the center and left had all been driven 
back, and it was separated by an interval of a 
mile, swarming with rebel sharpshooters, from the 
right under General Thomas, which still held its 
ground. General Hazen led his brigade safely across 
the dangerous gap, and formed it on the left of 
Thomas' line. When the rebels made their last 
assault Hazen's regiments, one after the other, deliv- 
ered their withering volleys, aiding in the complete 
repulse of the enemy, which enabled the veterans of 
Thomas to retire from the position they had so des- 
perately defended. After dark the remnant of the 
army retreated a short distance, and the next night 
retired to Chattanooga. Of all who took part in this 
disastrous conflict, none did better and many did 
worse than Hazen's brigade and the Forty-first Ohio 

On the arrival of General Grant the army was re- 
organized, and the Forty-first became part of a brig- 
ade, still commanded by General Hazen, consisting 
besides itself of the First and Ninety-third Ohio, 
the Fifth Kentucky and the Sixth Indiana, being as- 
signed to the Fourth Corps, under General Granger. 
When Grant was ready to begin operations, the deli- 
cate and hazardous task of leading the advance was as- 
signed to Hazen's brigade. Long before light on tlie 
morning of the 27th of October, the brigade em- 
barked on pontoons at Chattanooga, and glided silent- 
ly down the river. Unseen and unheard the men 
passed beneath the enemy's pickets stationed far above 
them on the river bluffs, and, though discovered at the 
moment of landing, succeeded in gaining a foothold 
on the shore, and establishing themselves on bights 
from which they could not be driven. 

They remained in this vicinity nearly a mouth, 
while the final preparations were made for a grand 
advance. On the 2.3d of November the brigade 
moved forward on a reconnoisance. On a small ridge 
known as Orchard Knob, between Chattanooga and 
Mission Ridge it was received with a heavy fire, 
and perceived a line of intrenchments on tlie top of 
the hill. The Forty-first dashed forward in the ad- 
vance, and gained the top of the hill. About fifty 
paces in front of the enemy's works, the fight was 
fierce beyond description. More tluiu half the men 

were killed and wounded. The horses of Colonel 
Wiley and Lieut. Col. Kimberly were killed under 
them, but those gallant officers dashed forward on 
foot, and the little battalion charged into the rebel 
works, and took them at the point of the bayonet, 
capturing the colors of the Twenty-eighth Alabama 
Infantry and more men than the Forty-first had at 
the end of the conflict. 

Owing to the small number engaged this battle 
makes little show in history, yet it is remembered bv 
the survivors of the Forty-first as the hardest fight 
in which they were engaged throughout their long 
and arduous service. Soon after it was over. General 
Thomas, passing that way and viewing the ground, 
expressed his thanks to the regiment through Colonel 
Wiley, in the warmest manner. "It was a gallant 
thing. Colonel, a very gallant thing," said the veteran, 
known to be as chary of his praise as any chieftan 
that ever bore command. 

On the 24th of November the Forty-first, from its 
hardly-earned position watched the "Battle above 
the Clouds," on Lookout Mountain. On the 25th 
came the great battle of Mission Ridge, probably, con- 
sidering the strength of the enemy's position, the 
numbers engaged and the completeness of the Union 
victory, the most remarkable ever fought in America, 
and one of the most remarkable to be found in the 
annals of war, in either ancient or modern times. 

At four o'clock the expectant army heard the con- 
certed signal, six shots fired in rapid succession from 
a battery of twelve-pound Parrots guns. ' ' Forward I " 
shouted Hazen; "forward!" repeated the field and 
line officers; and forward went the men, few in 
numbers, but stronger in warlike enthusiasm with 
each succeeding battle. As they reached the farther 
crest of Orchard Knob they saw the valley between 
that and Mission Ridge, from a half to three-quarters 
of a mile wide-spread out before them, while beyond 
frowned the Gibraltar-like bights they were ordered 
to capture. Extending for miles on either side were 
to be seen the lines of blue-coated soldiers, all press- 
ing forward in the same direction. 

Descending into the valley they came under the 
rebel artillery fire, many of the men falling at every 
step, but still the line swept forward, urged on by the 
officers, and at the foot of the ridge they captured 
the first line of the enemy's works with scarcely an 
effort. They could not remain there long, however, 
under the murderous fire to which they were subjected. 
Here Col. Wiley received a wound which resulted in 
the loss of his leg, and Lt. Col. Kimberly took com- 
mand of the regiment. Then came the tug of war. 
Hazen ordered his brigade up the mountain: and on 
either side brigades, divisions and corps pressed for- 
ward up the same rugged pathway to glory or the 

The Forty-first, as ever, was well to the front in 
this herculean task. Col. Kimberly gallantly led on 
his men. Lts. James McMahan and George C. Dodge, 
Jr., both of Cleveland, were together as the regiment 



t^tarted up the hill. On went the broken but invinci- 
ble line up the rocky steep, through an awful storm of 
graj)e, canister and musketry the men climbing and 
shooting as best they could. In twenty minutes they 
gained the top of the ridge, when their fire was prin- 
cipally directed against the batteries of the enemy, 
which were soon compelled to retire before the deadly 
fire of the northern riflemen. Lt. McMahau came 
out nearly in front of a rebel battery, which was pour- 
ing death into the ranks of the Unionists. The men 
were of course much broken by the rugged steeps 
over which they had passed. Seeing a long log, how- 
ever, lying near the stump from which it had been 
cut, and which he thought might serve as a rallying 
point, he gathered the men as fast as they came up, 
and made them lie down behind the log until he had 
twelve or tifteen packed as close as they could lie 
conveniently, while he himself took post behind the 
stump. Then he ordered them to load and fire as 
fast as possible at the artillerists of the battery before 
mentioned. In a short time nearly all of them were 
killed or wounded. Then the lieutenant rushed out 
with his squad captured the battery and turned its fire 
on the enemy. Other batteries were seized at various 
jioints along the line and used in the same manner. 
Mr. Pratt, now of the Eighteenth ward of Cleveland, 
was one of those engaged in this novel logging-bee, 
and corroborates the statement above made. It was 
tliis or a very similar exploit which was thus described 
in Keid's History of "'Oliio in the War:"" 

•'A squad of the Forty-first seized a battery, almost 
before the rebels were away from it, turned it to the 
right and discharged it directly along the summit of 
the ridge, where the enemy in front of Newton's 
division still stubbornly held out; and, as tlie shells 
went skimming along in front of and among them, 
the rebels turned and tied." 

Yet not without many a desperate effort to recover 
the ground. About a hundred of them suddenly 
came charging upon the right of the Forty-first. 
The men were much scattered, but Alajor Willistou 
got together about a hundred and drove the assail- 
ants down the hill, where they were soon "gobbled 
up"" by the swarming Unionists. 

The soldiers, having now got complete possession 
of the reliel works, began shooting the artillery teams 
as the unlucky Confederates endeavored to remove 
their cannon to the rear. The horses dropped rapidly 
and the artillerists took to their heels, leaving the guns 
as a prize to the victors. The men of Hazen's brigade 
captured no less than twenty-seven guns and dragged 
them to the general's headf|uarters, though that 
officer good-naturedly allowed nine of tliem to be 
claimed and taken away by other commands. 

(ien. Wood, the division commander, was highly 
elated, and came riding among the men, saying: 
•'Boys, you shall have an extra cracker apece for 
this;"' an extra cracker, in those days of short rations, 
being no unworthy emblem of gratitude. Then came 
Thomas, "Old Pap Thomas,"' as the men affection- 

ately called him, and they gathered in delighted 
crowds to cheer their favorite commander. The vic- 
tory was won at a loss to the Forty-first of a hundred 
and fifteen men killed and wounded. This was a 
very heavy loss in the already depleted condition of 
the regiment, and there were but few of the men who 
remained entirely unhurt after the two battles of the 
23d and 25th of November, 18G3. 

Scarcely was the great victory of Mission Ridge 
gained than the Forty-first, with the rest of the 
Fourth corps, was ordered to Knoxville. Communi- 
cations had been much interrupted, and the command 
suffered especially for lack of shoes. Long liefore 
reaching Knoxville half of the men of the Forty- 
first would have been barefooted, had it not been for 
the improvised coverings of cowskin and sheepskin in 
which they wrapped their feet, and in which they 
strove bravely on over the frozen ground to Clinch 
mountain, twenty miles northeast of Knoxville, which 
they reached in the latter part of December. 

Here the proposition reached them from Washing- 
ton to re-enlist as veterans, and never was the extra- 
ordinary heroism, fortitude and patriotism of the 
American volunteer more proudly shown than on 
this occasion. Out of more than a thousand gallant 
men who had gone forth from pleasant homes to 
battle for their county, disease and the bullet had 
spared but a hundred and eighty-eight, and even of 
these probably a majority had been wounded one or 
more times. Their sufferings on the march to Clinch 
mountain have just been mentioned, yet when, amid 
the cold and rain and sleet of a Tennessee winter, 
they were asked to re-enlist, a hundred and eighty out 
of a hundred and eighty-eight bound themselves to 
three years more of service — and sucii service — in 
their country's cause. 

The regiment reached Cleveland on veteran furlough 
on the 2d of February, 186-1, obtained about a hun- 
dred recruits, and in the latter part of March returned 
to East Tennessee. The two hundred and eighty 
men of which the regiment was composed were now 
united with the few remaining men of the First Ohio, 
and consolidated into a battalion, rommauded by 
Lieut. Col. Kimberly. 

In April the Forty-first entert'd on Sherman's great 
Atlanta campaign; being warmly engaged at Rocky 
Face Ridge and at Resaca. 

On the 2?th of May the battalion was hotly en- 
gaged in the conflict called variously the battle of 
Pickett's Mill, the l)attle of Pumpkin Vine Creek, 
and the battle near Dallas. At '.) a.m., the command 
was halted, and three companies, commanded respec- 
tively by Lieutenants Dodge, McMahan and Cobb, 
moved forward as skirmishers under charge of Major 
Williston. They had gone scarcely a hundred yards 
into the woods when one of the men was killed. As 
Lieut. McMahan, standing on a small limb, was feel- 
ing his pulse to see -if he was really dead, a bullet 
broke the limb between the officer's feet. Immedi- 
atelv afterwards the skirmishers were ordered to move 



by the right flank at a double quick, but after a brief 
excursion in the vicinitj'of the rebel works, they were 
ordered back to the brigade. 

About four o'clock p.m., the Forty-first, the 
Xinety-third and the One Hundred and Twenty- 
fourth Ohio moved forward to attack the enemy's 
right; the Forty- first in tlie center. After receiving 
a murderous volley from the intrenched foe, they 
charged through a raviue, and endeavored to capture 
the works ou the opposite side. They were onlv able 
to get within about twentv yards of the foe, where 
they halted, obtained such cover as they could and kept 
up a hot tire on the enemy. Sis or eight lines came 
to their relief, but only two got as far forward as 
the men of the Forty-first, and none could go auy 
farther. Lieut. Mcilahati with two companies, 
Lieut. Dodge with one company, and Capt. Hazard 
with two companies, remained there until half past 
eight when the battalion was withdrawn. In this 
affair the Forty-tirst had a hundred and eight men 
killed and wounded out of two hundred and sixty. 

At Pine Top mountain, near Kenesaw, the bat- 
talion was ordered to dislodge a detachment of the 
enemy, strongly fortified in a log farm-house and out- 
buildings. With that vim which no losses could ever 
subdue, the Forty-first went forv\-ard ou the double- 
quick and drove out the rebels at the point of the 

About this time the Forty-first ceased to be what it 
had so long been, a part of •' Hazen's brigade:" that 
general being made the commander of a division. 
The new brigade commander was Colonel 0. H. 
Payne, of Cleveland, colonel of the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Ohio Infantry. 

It would be impracticable to relate all the conflicts 
in which the battalion was engaged in this remarka- 
ble campaign, for the ground was contested inch by 
inch, and the whole route from Chattanooga to At- 
lanta was scarcely less than one long battle-field. 

On the 28th of July the battalion, being deployed 
as skirmishers in front of the rebel lines at Atlanta, 
and seeing what they thought a good chance, made a 
dash through a ravine, across an open field and into 
the rebel breastworks, where they captured a number 
of prisoners and drove out the rest in a perfect 

A day or two later the brigade was sent arouud to 
the east of Atlanta at night. The next morning it 
tore up some ten miles of the Montgomery railroad, 
and then proceeded to tiie southern road, about fif- 
teen or twenty miles from Atlanta. At midnight a 
tremendous noise was heard, and the whole command 
sprang to arms, thinking that General Hood or an 
earthquake was upon them. After waiting a consider- 
able time and finding that nothing farther happened, 
the men at length somewhat doubtingly returned 
to their beds, or rather to their blankets, for these 
■were generally the soldiers only couch. It was soon 
learned that the sound came from the explosion of 
some eighty car loads of ammunition, blown up by 

Hood when he evacuated Atlanta, to keep it from fall- 
ing into the hands of the " Yankees." 

As Hood moved north, a heavy force, of which the 
Fourth corps formed a part, followed fast in his rear. 
Far across an intervening valley the men watched the 
desjierate fight of Corse at Allatoona, when with his 
little force he obeyed the signal " Hold the fort," 
and repulsed the legions of Hood. Then they pro- 
ceeded to Galesville, whence a portion of the pursuing 
force returned to take part in the " March to the 
Sea," while the Fourth corps continued its north- 
ward course. It proceeded by way of Chattanooga to 
Athens, Alabama, where a hundred and sixty-four 
conscripts and substitutes joined the battalion. The 
command weut on to Pulaski, and thence to Colum- 

Xear here H<jod's army approached so near that the 
Fourth and Twenty-third corps were obliged to go 
into line of battle. They went on at night to Spring 
Hill; the Forty-first marching past a long line of 
camp fires, a few hundred yards distant, which were 
supposed to belong to the Unionists but which in 
reality were those of a rebel corps. Some of the men, 
ajjproaching these fires too closely, were captured by 
the Confederates bivouacked around them. From 
Spring Hill to Franklin the Forty-first was the train- 
guard of the army. It skirmished with the enemy 
nearly all the way, and being very much exhausted 
was not reqiitred to take part in the battle of 

Then they went to Xashville, and after two weeks 
spent in building fortifications and making prepara- 
tions. Gen. Thomas took the offensive against Hood. 
At daylight on the loth of December, 1864, the 
Fort}--first was deployed as a double line of skir- 
mishers and placed behind a stone wall in front of 
the enemy's rifle pits, on the "Granny White" turn- 
pike. Skirmish firing was kept up till about eight 
o'clock, when the fiery valor of the Forty-first could 
no longer be restrained. The men jumped over the 
wall, dashed across an open field three hundred 
yards wide under a heavy fire of iLusketry, captured 
the rifle pits of the enemy, pushed on over a knoll 
and drove the rebels from their breastworks at the 
point of the bayonet, capturing two pieces of ar- 
tillery. The battalion fortified its position and 
remained until four o'clock in the afternoon, when it 
was relieved; the main line moving forward and the 
rebels retreating. 

The next day the Forty-first was again sent forward 
as skirmishers, to cover the advance of the right of 
the troops. Coming to a large rebel fortification, 
covei'ed in front by an abatis, they endeavored as 
usual to capture it, but were checked by a murder- 
ous fire from a large rebel force. Some of the 
skirmishers penetrated the abatis, and Private Klein- 
haus leaped alone into the rebel breastworks. The 
information we have received from Captain McMahan 
ceases at this point, for, while lie was endeavoring to 
lead forward a detachment of colored troops whom 



he fuinul without a eonmiaiuler, the good foi'tuue 
which had attended hiui through a score of battles 
deserted him, and he was twice severely wounded. 

C'olonel Kimberly, who commanded the battalion, 
finding that the line of battle could not be advanced, 
ordered his skirmishers to withdraw. Several of 
them, however, being inside of the abatis, covered 
themselves as well as they could and waited till the 
enemy was broken on the right, when he withdrew 
from the works in front. They then sprang forward, 
capturing a few prisoners, two battle-flags, and no 
less than four pieces of artillery. The captured can- 
non were marked with the name of the Forty-first 
Ohio by order of the chief of artillery, and the men 
who took the flags. Sergeant Garnett, of Company G, 
and Private Holcomb. of Company A, were sent with 
them to Washington by General Thomas. 

After the victory of Nashville the battalion partici- 
jiated in the pursuit of Hood, but was not called on 
to do any more hard fighting. In June, 1865, it 
started from Nashville for Texas by steamer. Near 
Cairo the vessel was accidentally sunk by a gunboat, 
with nearly all the personal property of officers and 
men, but without loss of life. After a few months 
service near San Antonio, the battalion returned to 
Columbus, Ohio, where it was discharged on the 36th 
of November, 1805, after a service of over four years, 
unsurpassed in hardships, in dangers and in triumphs 
by that of any other organization in the United States 



John J Wiseman, enr. as Lieut. Col. Aug. T, ISiil. Resigned March 1, 

George S. Mygatt. ear. as Major Aug. r, ISiil. Promoted to Lieut. Col 

March 1. Wfi. Resigned Not, 3i). ISiii. 
Robert L, Kimberly, enr. as :ind Lieut Sept, i~. 18(il, Promoted to Isr 

Lieut, .Tan. 21, 18iJ-J, to Capt, March i;, 18«, to Major Nov. ao, WHi, to 

Lieut. Col. Jan. 1. IHti-S, to Col. 191 Inf. and Brig, Gen, by brevet. 
Ephraim S, Holloway, enr, as 1st Lieut, Co. F, Oct, 10, 1861, Promoted 

to Capt, Sept. 8, lS<i-,', to Major Dec, 6, 1864, to Lieut. Col, March 18, 

1865, and to Col, May -31, 1865, Mustered out with Reg, 
Junius R, Sanford, enr, as .\dj't Aug, i3. 1861. Made 1st Lieut Aug 

23,1861. Resigned Jan. i:i, 1862. Afterwards in ia.8th Reg . 
George J. A. Thompson, enl. Sept, 18, 1861, Promoted to Corp, Jan. 8, 

lS6a, to Sergt. Jan. IS, 1863, to 1st Lieut. Dec. 6. 1864, and to ."^dj't. 

May 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg, 
William S, Chamberlain, enr. as Q M Aug. S4, 1861. Made 1st Lieut. 

Aug, 23, 1861. Resigned Dec. 10, 1861 
Thomas G. Cleveland, enl, as Surg. Aug, 29, 1861 . Resigned May 17, 

.Alberto. Hart, enr, as Asst, Surg. Sept, 5, 1861 Promoted to Surg 

Aug, 30, 1862, Resigned Nov, 5, I8i)4. 
Osnian A, Lyman, enr as Chaplain Dec. 16, 1861. Resigned May 1", 1862, 


Charles Cnlvin, enr as Hosp, Steward, .Sept. 23, 1861, Diseh, at end of 
term Sept. 23. 1864, 


Edwin B, Atwood, enr. Sergt MaJ, Sept 19 1861. Promoted to 2nd 
Lieut, Jan. 21. 1862. to 1st Lieut. Sept, 8, 186>. to Capt. April 13. Wa 
JIustered out with the Reg 

Walter Blythe, enr as Q M Sergt Au?. 23. 1861 Promoted to 2ud 
Lieut April 1.3. 1M62, to 1st Lieut Oct 1, 1862. Mustered out Julv 
9, 186.3, 

William E, Booth, enr. as Com Sergt. Sept. 21, 1861, Promoted to 2nd 
Lieut Sept. », 1862 and to 1st Lieut, May 29. 186;J. Resigned Sent 
22, 1864 ' 

Charles W. Hills, enr. as Corj). Aug. 34, 1861 Promoted to 2nd Lieut, 

Jan, 18M, to 1st Lieut. April 13, 1864, Resigned Oct. 28, 186). 
Frank McDonald, enl, Oct. 1, 1862. Disch. May 16. 186,5, 
Archibald Skinner, enl. Aug. 30, 1862. Disch. May 19, 1865. 
Daniel Bennett, enl. .iug. 23, 1861. Disch. for disability July 1, 1862. 
Joseph M. Bennett, enl, Aug, 24, 1861, Disch, for disability May 13, 1862 
Morgan Hale, enl, Aug, 24, 1861, Disch, for disability Sept, 15, 1862, 
Augustus F, Hills, enl. Aug. 24. IWil. Disch. for disability May 11, 18S3. 
Hiram Keesler, enl. Aug 24, 1861, Disch. tor disability, 1863. 
Richard Worts, Jr., enl, Aug, 24, 1861, Disch, tor disabUity Aug, 29, 1865. 
Julius A, Cutler, enr, Aug, 24, 1861, Disch. tor disability, 1864, 
W, J, Richmond, enl. Aug. 24, 1861, Died at .Mound City April 13. 1862 

frcm wounils received at Shiloh 
Christopher W. Gee, enl. Aug. 24. 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 15, 1865. 


Luther Ballart. enl, Aug. 30, 1862, Died Nov, 30, 1863. 
Lyman Harrington, enl Aug, 16, 1,862, Died Nov, 22, 1862, 
Louis R Bartlett, enl, Aug, 16, 1862. Mustered out June 13, 1865. 
Charles W. Blakeslee, enl. Aug, 16, 1862. Disch. for disability June 1 

Lewis A. Chamberlain, enl. Aug. 16, 1862, Disch, tor disabihty May 18 

1865, ' 

Henry Devoice, enl. Sept, 8, 1862, Disch, for disability March 22, 1863. 
John Goole, enl. Aug. 16, 1,862. Disch. tor disability Feb, 8, 1865.' 
Leonard P, Hammond, enl, Aug. 16, 1862, Mustered out June 13, 1865, 
Christopher, enl . Aug. 30, 1862, Mustered out June 13, 1865, 
Charles P. Bail, enl. Aug. 30. 1862. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 6, 1862, 

Mustered out June 13, 1863 
Orange Fisher, enl, Aug. 30, 1862. Disch. April 18, 1863. 
James 31. Foster, enl. Aug. 30. 1862. Mustsred out June 12, 1863. 
L. Goult, enl. Aug. 30. 1862. Disch. for disability 
Shubal Nease, enl. Aug, 30. It62. Mustered out June 13, 1863. 
Addison Smith, enl. Aug. 30, 1862. Mu.stered out June 13. 1865, 
E. M Sanborn, enl Aug. ST, 1862, Mustered out June 13, 1865, 


H, S. Caswell, enl. Aug. 30, 1862, Died at Nashville Dec. 1, 1862, 

William Weiker, enl. .-Vug, ;S0, 1862, Disch. Jan. 17, 1863, 

Edward Hillman, enl. Dec, 19, 1861, Promoted to Corporal Dec, 15, 1862, 

Died July 27, 1863, from wounds received at Fort Wagner, July 18th, 
Abraham Bennett, enl, Nov, 8, 1861, Disch, for disability Oct. 24, 1862. 
Saunders Cornwell, enr. as Musician Dec, IB, 1861, Disch, Oct. 8 1862. 
Charles Jenks. enl, Dec. 19. 1861. Transf. to 1st Penn, Battery Jan. 23, 

Hiram L, Rounds, enl, Nov. 8. 4861. Disch, tor disability May 8, 1862. 
Sanford Russell, enl. Nov. 26, 1S61. Disch, for di.sability Oct. 2,5, 1862, 
Andrew Sherman, enl, Nov, 26, 1861. Mustered out with the Co, Dec 7 

Albert Russell, enl, Deo, 26, 1861, Promoted to Corporal Jan. 1, 18tk4. 

Wounded Oct, 13, 1864, Disch, Oct, 31. 1865. 


James H. Cole, enr. as Capt. Sept. 27, 1861. Resigned March 17, 1862. 
Harvey E. Proctor, enr, as 1st Lieut, Sept, 27, 1861. Promoted to Capt. 

Sept 9, 1862, Made Chaplain March 1, 1862. Became Major in a 

Colored Reg, 
Robert L Kimberly. (See Field and Staff,) 
George C. Dodge, enr, as Sergt, Oct. 2, 1861 Promoted to 2nd Lieut. 

Jan. 1, 1863. to 1st Lieut, Oct 12, 1864, and to Captain Nov, 26. 1864. 

Resigned Dec. 27, 1864. 
Lloyd A. Fisher, enr as 1st Sergt, Sept, 27, 1861. Prom to 2nd Lieut. 

Nov. 20, 1862. and to 1st Lieut. April 13, 1864, Hon. disch. May 27, 

Charles Hammond, enr. as Corp, Oct 27, 1861, Prom, to Sergt, July 1, 

1862: to 1st Sergt. March 27, 1864, and to 1st Lieut. March 28, 1865 

Mustered out with Regt. 26th Nov, 1865. 
Peter Herrift, enl Sept. 2, 1861. Prom. Corp, April 28, 1863; to Seigt. 

March 25. 1864; to 2nd Lieut, April 28, 1863; and to 1st Lieut, June 1, 

1863. .Mustered out with the Reg. 
Anson B. Ward, enl. Sept, 2, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 27, 18B1. 

Wounded Oct, ii, \M>i. Disch. Nov. 5, 1864, at end ot service, 
Daniel Trowbridge, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 Promoted to Corp, Sept, 27, 1861 . 

Died May 19, 1862, from wounds received at Shiloh April 7th 
James W, Ashborn. enl Sept 2, 18il. Promoted to Corp. Sept, 27, 1861, 

Disch. near Mt, Pleasant, Teno, 
Abel V Roscoe, enr, as Drummer Oct, 22, 1861, Disch. Aug. 4, 1865. 
Eiius Pease, enr as Fiter, Oct, 27, 1861, Disch, April 30, 1863. 
Edward Clifford enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Sept. 27, 1861. 

Disch. near Springbill, Tenn 
Elisha C W.>od'. enr as Sergt. Oct. 28, 1861 Disch, Oct, 22, 1862. 
Henry M. Billings, enl, Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Sept. 27, 1861. 

Disch. July 11. 1863 
Burr Fisher, enr. as Corp. Sept 27, 1861, Promoted to Sergt Feb. 12 

1862. Disch. Jan. 12. 186:}. ' 



William H. H. Flick, enl. Sept. S, 1861. Promoted to Corp Sept. 27, 

1861. Wounded at Shiloh. April 7, 1862. Disch. Dec. 11, 1862. 
Emory Davis, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 . Promoted to Corp. Sept. 27, 1861. Disch. 

Oct. 83. 1862. 
Allen Atherton. enl. Sept. 18th, 1861. Killed at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 

Elon O. Boughton, enl. Sept. 10, 1861 . Promoted to Sergt. May 19, 1862. 

Wounded at Mission Bidge, Nov. 25, 1863. Mustered out June 13, 

John D. Butler, enl. Sept. 21, 1861 . Transf . to 1st Engineers, 1864. 
Thomas Butler, enl. Sept. 21. 1861. Promited to Corp. Dec. 13, 1862; 

and to Sergt. March 27, 1864. Wounded at Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 

1863 and Pickett's Mills. May 27, 1864. Disch. June IT, 1865. 
Asa P Carr, enl. Sept. 14, isBl . Disch. at end of term Nov. 5, 1864. 
George H. Claskey, enl. Sept 17, 1861. Wounded Sept. 19, 1863. Mus- 
tered out June 13, 1865. 
Edward F. Corkell, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. Died at luka. Miss., May 18, 1862. 
John F. Cowan, enl. Sept. 10. 1861. Disch. Feb. 14, 1863. 
Jesse Davidson, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 . Died at Louisville, Ky . , April 22, 

Joseph Davidson, enl. Sept. 2. 1861 , Wounded at Mission Ridge, Nov. 

25, 1863. 
WilUam Deisman, enl. Oct. 11, 1861. Wounded Dec. 31, 1862, at Stone 

River; Sept. 19. 1863 at Chiekamauga, and May 27. 1864, at Picketfs 

Mills, Qa. Promoted to Corp. April 1. 1865. Disch Aug. 13 1865. 
William Dunkee, 'enl. Sept 18, 1861 Promoted to Corp. July 1, 1862 

Killed at Mission Ridge. Nov. 35, 1'63. 
Arthur Emerson, enl. Oct. 8, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 13, 1862, to 

Sergt. Dee. 9 1864. to 1st Sergt. April 1, 1865. Wounded at Shiloh 

-ipril 7, 1862, and Mission Ridge Nov. 23, 1863. Mustered out with the 

S. F. Fancher, enl. Sept. 2. 1861. Promoted to Corp. March 24, 1864, and 

to Seret. July 1. 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Josiah Flich. enl. Sept. 37, I86I. Disch. Dee. 6, 1862 
Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., 

Dec. 8, 1863. of wounds rec'd at Orchard Knob Nov. 23. 
John Gardner, enl. Sept, IT. 1851 Killed at Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 

2.5, 1863. 
Francis Gibbons, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. Disch. July 14, 1862. 
Theodore Gregory, enl. Sept. 3d, 1861. Wounded at Pickett's Mills, Ga., 

May '37, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
William Glasgow, enl. Sept. 10, 1861. Wounded at Shiloh April 7, 1862. 

Disch. Nov. 3. 1862. 
Francis Harris, enl. Sept, 2, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky., March 25, 186i. 
Martin Harris, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. July 29, 1862. 
Albert Herriman, enl. Sept. '35, 1S61, Promoted to Corp July 1, 1865 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Johnson C. Hewitt, enl. Sept. 14. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 8, 1862. 

Wounded Sept. 19, 1863. Mustered out at Nashville. 
Alexander Hornig, enl. Sept. 37, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 5, 1864. 
Hugh Hart, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. Wounded AprU 7, 1862, at Shiloh. 

Disch. Oct. 11, 1862. 
Joseph, enl . Oct. .3, 1861. Died Jan. 2S, 1863, at Nashville of wounds 

rec'd at Stone River Dec. 3, 1862. 
Erastus P. Ives, enl. Sept. 21, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky. , Feb. 20, 1862. 
David M. Jones, enl, Sept. 37, 1861. Died at Bedford, O., Feb. 6, 1863. 
Julius Jones, enl. Sept. 10, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Deo. 9, 1864. Mus- 
tered out with the Reg. 
Edward M Kelley, enl Sept. 3, 1861 . Wounded at Chiekamauga Sept. 

19, 1863, and taken prisoner. Died in Andersonville prison Aug. 15, 

Jason Lockwood, enl. Sept 27, 1861. Promoted to i.'orp. March -34, 1864, 

and to Sergt. April !, 1S65. Wounded at Chattahochie River July 5, 

1.S64. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Levi .Mead. enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky., April 7, 1862. 
William H. Marshall, enl. October 5. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 9, 

1864, and to Sergt. July 1. 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Orson C. Mathews, enl. Oct. 9, 1,S61. Taken prisoner Oct. 23, 1864. Disch 

June -33, 1865. 
Benjamin Needham, enl . Sept. 18, 1861 . Wounded April 7, 1862, at Shi- 
loh, and at Orchard Knob Nov. 23. 1833 Disch. for disabilitv July 

6, 1864. 
James F. Newcomb, enl. Sept. 31, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg 
Michael O'Bryan, enl. Sept. 25, 1861. Disch. Jan. 30, 1862. 
Orwin Osborne, enl. Sept. 37, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 8, 1863. 

Disch. Aug. 15, T862, 
Thomas Pearce, enl. Sept. 30, 1861. Disch. Jan. '30. 1863. 
William Powers, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Transf. to Vet. Reserve Corps. 
James Pease, enl. Sept. 17, 1861. Wounded at Orchard Knob Nov. 23, 

1863. Mustered out at end of term Nov. 5, 1864. 
Julius Raue, enl. Sept. 14, 1861. Disch. July 13. 1862. 
Luther Richardson, enl. Sept. 3, 1801. Killed at Picketts' Mills, Ga , 

May '27. 1864. 
■Virgil Richmond, enl. Sept. 21, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Dee. 9, 1864. 

Wounded at Chiekamauga, Sept. 19, 1S6;3 Mustered out with Reg. 
William H. Rattles, enl. Sept. 14, 1861. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., 

May 27. 1864. 

William Simpson, enl. Sept. 18, 1861. Disch. June 12, 1862. 

OUver Slocum, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. Nov. 29, 1862. 

Emerson W. Smellie, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to C^rp, Feb. 11 

1863. Died Nov. 26, 1863, of wounds rec'd at Mission Ridge the day 

Spencer A. Sawyer, enl. Oct. 5, 1861. Promoted to Corp. March 24, 1864, 

and Sergt. Dec. 9, 1864. Wounded at Stone River Dec. 31, 1862, and 

at Pickett's Mills May 37. 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Samuel Sampson, enl. Sept. 14, 1861. 

Thomas Studer, enl. Oct. 5. 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 16, 1863. 
William E. Smith, enl. Oct. 15.1861. Wounded De-. 31, 1862. Mus- 
tered out June 13, 1865. 
John S. Tennis, enl. Sept. 14. 1861. Disch. Feb. 14, 1863. 
George J. A. Thompson. (See Field and Staff.) 
Andrew Trump, enl. Sept 14, 1861. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 27, 

Daniel R. Underbill, enl, Sept. 10, 1861. Died at Camp Wicklifte. Ky., 

Jan. 15, 1862. 
Charles 'Venoah, enl. Sept. 18, 1861. Wounded at Readyville, Tenn., Feb. 

19, 1863, and at Mission Ridge Nov. 33, 1863. Disch. at end of term 

Nov. 29, 1864 
John Wakefield, enl. Sept. 37, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Nov. 24, 1861, 

and to 1st Sergt. April 37, 1863. Wounded at Chiekamauga Sept. 19, 

1863, and Pickett's Mills May 37, 1864. Mustered out at end of term 

Nov. 4, 1864. 
Zenas Wheeler, enl. Sept. -37, 1861. Disch. Nov. 19, 1862. 
William Wick, enl. Sept. 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Nebemiah Flick, enl. March 1,1864. Promoted to Corp, July 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Verneuel Button, enl. Feb. '39, 1864 Mustered out with the Reg. 
Benoah Kellogg, enl. March 3. 1864. Wounded at Pickett's Mills, Ga , 

May 27, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Jonathan Minor, enl. 1864. Wounded at Nashville, Tenn . Dec. 

16, 1864. Disch. with the Reg. 
William Woods, ent. Feb. '35, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Royal Dunham, enl, Feb. 29, ISM. Killed at Picketts' Mills, Ga., May 37, 

Moses Tompkins, enl. Feb. 13, 1864. Died June 31, 1864, at Chattanooga, 

Tenn,, of wounds received at Picketts' Mills, May 27. 
William Cowan, enl. Oct. 8. 1862, Disch. March 6. 1863. 
John Mier, enl. Sept. 22, 1864. Disch. June 13, 1865, 
Leonard Presing, enl. Sept. 33, 1864. Wounded at Bull's Gip. Tenn., 

April 1, 1865. Disch. June IS, 1865. 

Frank D. Stone, enr as Capt. Sept. 30. 1.861. Resigned Jan. 33, 1862. 
William J. Morgan, enr. as 1st Lieut. Aug. "37, 1861. Promoted Jan. 3ti, 

1863, to Capt. Resigned March 24, 1863. 

Ferdinand D. Cobb, enl. as 1st Sergt. Co. F, Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to 

■3d Lieut. March 17, 1862, to 1st Lieut. May 21, 1862, and transf. to Co. 

E. Woundedat Nashville, Dec. 16. 1864. Musteredout with the Reg. 
Harry W. Jones, enr. as 2d Lieut. Sept. .30, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Feb. 8, 1862. Disch. Oct. 1, 1862. 
Frederick A. McKay, enl. as Sergt. Sept. 3J, 1861. Promoted to 3d Lieut. 

Nov. 24. 1863. Resigned Nov. 22, 1864. 
Albert E. 'V'irgil, enr. as 1st Sergt. Sept. 13, 1861. Died from wounds re. 

ceived at Shiloh April 7, 1862. 
Arthur Eckert, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 

2, 1864. 
Henry Simons, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 37, 1861. Killed at Stone River Dec 

31, 1862. 
William Lynch, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 27. 1861. Disch. at Columbus, O. 
William Edwards, enr. as Corp. Sept. 12, 1861. Disch. Feb. 21, 1863. 
Cyrus Williams, enr. as Corp Aug. 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
William Drum, enr. as Corp. Sept. 13, 1831 . Promoted to Sergt. Jan 20, 

1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Samuel Colby, enrolled as Corp. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term, 

Nov. 2, 1864. 
John Cullen, enr. as Corp. Sept. 18. 1861. Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. 
Thomas Powers, enr. as Corp. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. Sept. 16, 1862. 
William Langell, enr. as Corp. Aug, 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Neville, enr. as Corp. Aug. 27, 1861. Discharged at end of term, 

Nov. 2, 1864. 
Sylvester W.Winchester, enr as Fifer Oct. 4, 1861. Killed at Stone 

River Dec. 31, 1862. 
James Arnott, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Transf. to the Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Seaman Annis. enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. 

Alexander Beard, enl. Aug. '37, 1861. Disch. Nov. 8, 1862, 

Jervis Barber, enl, Sept. 3, 1861 . Disch. May 12, 1862. 

Caswell Barber, enl. Oct. '27, 1861. Disch. May 12, 1862. 

Henry S. Coykindall, enl. Aug. 27, 1361. Disch. at end of term, Nov. 2, 

Jacob Cressinger, eul. Aug. '37, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. April 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Thomas Conway, enl. Aug. 27. 1861 . Disch . at end of term Nov. 3, 1864 . 
Henry Conway, enl. Aug. '37, 1861. Disch. at Nashville, Tenn. 



Timothy Corbit, enl. Aug. 2V, 1861. Died of wounds received at Stone 
River Dec. 31. 1862. 

Dennis Corbit, enl. Sept. ■), 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 2, 1864. 

John Caldwell, enl. Sept. 12, 1861. Disch. at Lovisville, Ky . 

David Cochran, enl. Sept. 14, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 2, 1864 

Michael Chalk, enl. Oct. 6, 1861. Died June 18, 1862, from wounds rec'd 
at Shiloh .\rril 7. 

Robert Davidson, enl. Sept. 30. 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 2, 1864. 

James Evans, enl. Sept. 8. 1861. Disch. at end of term Jan. 30, 186.5. 

Patrick Flannagan, enl Sept. 14, 1801. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Ensign Fullweller, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. Nov. 10, 1802, tor disability 
caused by wounds rec'd at Shiloh April 7. 

Edward Fitzpatrick, enl. Sept. 12, 1801. Disch. Aug. 22, 1862, for disa- 
bility caused by wounds rec"d at Shiloh April 7. 

Patrick Farrell, enl. Sept. 0, 1861. Disch. at end of term Feb. 28, 186.5. 

John Gordon, enl. Sept. 12, 1861. Disch. at Columbus, O. 

Michael Griffin, enl. Oct. 3, 1861. Disch. at end of term Feb. 21, 1805. 

John Halpin. enl. Sept. 1, 1861. Disch. at Camp Dennison, O., Jan. 20, 


Fiederick Hodge, enl .\ng. 27, 1861. Disch. Nov. 6, 1862, 

Oliver Hobart. enl. Aug. 27, ISOl. Disch. March 31, 1803. 

Daniel Hogan, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. Aug. 5, 1862. 

William Hiland, enl. .\ug. 27, 1861. Died of wounds rec'd at Mission 

Ridge Nov. 2.3, 1863. 
Alirani Hulibell, enl .Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. at Camp Wickliffe, Ky. 
Urson Harvey, enl. Oct. fl. 1861, Disch. at Camp Dennison, O., Jan. 20, 

John Hayes, enl. Sept 1-2, 1861. Died June 15, 1862, at Cincinnati, from 

wounds received at Shiloh April 7. 
Charles Herling, enl. Oct. fl, 1.861. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., Nov. 

27, 1804. 
Edward Johnson, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 12. 1804. 
John Kepler, enl. Sept. 10, 1801. Died at Nashville, Jan. 18, 1863. 
James Labier, enl. Sept 1, 1801. Killed at Shiloh April 7, 1862. 
John Lobdell, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Robert Lamb, enl Sept. 1, 1861. Disch. Jan 2-2, 1863. 
Andrew MatUson. enl Sept 12,1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 15, 1862, 
Anthony Montreal, enl . Sept. 4, 1861 . Killed at Shiloh April 7, 1862. 
James Murra.v, enl. Oct. 2, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 2, 1804. 
Joseph Moses, enl. Sept. 15, 1861. Disch, May 18, 1802. 
Richard Neville, enl. O-'t. 2, 1861. Disch. at enl of term Nov. 2. 1864. 
William Naly, enl. f^ept. 12, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Richard O'Reilly, enl. Aug. 27,1861. Disch. Jan. 20, 1803. 
William Oviatt, enl. Oct. 8, 1861. Disch. at Camp Dennison, O., Jan. 20, 


David Phillips, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. Jan. 2, 1863. 

George Partridge, enl. Aug. 27. 1861. Lett at Chattanooga, sick, March 

1, 1861. 
John Palmer, enl. Sept. 8, 1861. Disch. June 13, 1865. 
William Partridge, enl. Oct. 2. 1861. Promoted to Serg. Disch. at end 

of term Nov. 2. 1864. 
.John Price, enl. Sept. 27, 1861. Disch. at end of term Nov. 10, 1864. 
Jesse Quack, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Killed at Stone River Dec. 31, 1862. 
John Ryan, enl. Sept. 12, 1861. Transf. to the Vet. Reserve Corps. 
John Rawlings, enl. Aug. '27, 1801. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Alva Smith, enl. Oct. 9, 1861 . Died at Nelson's Furnace Ky . 
Cornelius Striker, enl. Sept. 12, 1861. Disch. at Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Nelson Stebbins. enl. Sept. 1, 1861 . Disch. at end of term Nov. 3, 1864. 
Abram Strock. eul Aug. 27, 1861. Died June 20, 1S64, at Chattanooga 

from wounds rec'd at Resaca, Ga., -May 14. 
Samuel Spon.seller, enl. Aug. 27, 1801. Honorably discharged to date 

July 2, 1803. 
William Such, enl. Oct. 9, 1861. Disch. for disability caused by wounds, 

reed at ilission Ridge, Nov. 23, 1863 
Cyrus Singletary, enl. Sept. 1, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky . 
Lyman Treat, enl. .\ug. "27, 1861. Killed in skirmish at Chattahoochie 

River July .5, 18W. 
James Tompkins, enl. Aui. 87, 1861. Disch. at Camp Dennison, O., 

Jan. -20, 1863. 
Beiijaniin Wood, enl. Sept. 87,1861. Promoted to Serg. Jan. '20, 18W. 

and to 1st Serg. June 8, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Clyde Waussen. enl. Sept. 16, 1802. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Charles Chesley, enl. Aug. -27. 1862. Killed at Mission Ridge Nov. -ii, 1863. 
John Canfleld, enl. Dec. 10, 1861. Disch. at end of term Jan. 15, 1865.; 
George Van Tassell, enl. Feb. -29. 1864. Di.sch. .May 20, 1865. 
Daniel Sullivan, enl, Aug. 27. 1802. Transf. to the Vet. Reserve Corps. 
William F errell, enl. Aug. 27, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Reserve Corps. April 

1. 1865. 
Charles Randall, enl. Oct. 2, 1862. Promoted to Corp . Deserted June 

U. 1805. 
Michael Howard, enl. Aug. 23. 1862. Disch. at Nashville. Tenn. 
Michael Kane, enl , Aug. 26, 1862. Disch. June 13, 1805. 
James Maroney, enl. Sept. 2, 1862. Disch. at Cleveland, O. 
Mitchell Miller, enl. Dec. 10, 1861. Disch. at end of term Jan. 14, 1865. 
Henry Rithcker, enl. Aug. 18, 186'2. Disch. July 21, 18«:J. 
.Matthew B Chapman, enl. Feb. 29. 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
George Fluett. enl. Jan. 1, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 


Thomas Nay, enl. Aug. 25, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Delos Treat, enl. Feb. 29, 1804. Mustered out with the Reg. 


Daniel S Leslie, enr. asCapt. Sent '2, 1801. Wounded at battle of Shiloh 

April 7, IS02. Resigned Sept. 9, 1862. 
Ephraim S . Holloway . i See Field and Staff ) 
John D. Kirkendall, enr. as •2nd Lieut Sept. 2. 1801. Promoted to 1st 

Lieut. Jan. 9, 1862. 
Philo A. Beardsley, enl. Oct. 10. 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 20, 1864; 

to 1st Sergt. Dec. 9, 1864, and to 1st Lieut. March 28, 1865. Mustered 

out with the Reg 
Ferdinand D. Cobb, enr. as 1st Sergt. Sept. 2, 1861. Promoted to 2nd 

Lieut. March 17, 1S62; to 1st Lieut. May 21, 1862. 
Charles Cooper, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. for disability March 

25, 1 803. 
Jacob Renner, enr. as Sergt. Sept. S, 1861. Killed at Chickamauga 

Sept. 19, 1863. 
Job Burnham, enl. Oct. 1, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 20, 1861. Mus- 
tered out with the Reg. 
Warren L. Ripley, enl. Oct 10, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. -20, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Pennell, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Promoted toCorp. Jan. 20, 1864, and to 

Sergt. Dec. 12, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Orestes T. Engle, enl. Sept, 2, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Jan. 20, 1864, 

and to Sergt. July 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Iram Kilgore. enl. Oct. -29, 1801. Promoted to Sergeant Sept. 1, 1862. 

Wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863. Was taken prisoner and 

Charles Shoemaker, enr. as Corp. Sept. 2. 1801. Killed at Mission Ridge, 

Nov. 25, 1803. 
Thomas P. Baker, enl. Sept. 2, 1801. Killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19- 

Joseph Bouvia, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Killed at Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863. 
John M. Blanden, eul. Feb. 29, 1864. Killed at Pickett's Mills, May -27, 

James Davis, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Killed at Stone River. Dec. 31, 1862. 
Andrew Edney, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Killed at Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863. 
Frank Gornia, enl. Sept. 2. 1861. KiUed at Pickett's Mills.lGa., May 27 

S. B. Kidwell, enl. Sept. '3, 1861. Killed at Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862. 
Joseph Parish, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Killed at Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862. 
Abraham J . Rice, enl, Sept. 18, 1861. Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. 
Andrew Gault, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 . Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 20, 1864. Died 

from wounds received at Pickett's Mills. Ga., May '27, 1864. 
Orlando P. Kilmer, enr. as Corp. Sept. 2, 1861 . Promoted to Sergt. Died 

from wounds received at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. 
Walter Smith, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 10, 1M6I . Died at New Haven, Ky., 

Feb. 2, 1862. 
Augustus Nieding, enl. Sept. '2, 1861. Promoted to Corp. July 9, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Charles Edney, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Promoted to Corporal July 9, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Henry Older, enl. Oct. 10, ISOI. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 12, 1864. Mus 

tered out with the Reg. 
George A. Webb. enl. Oct. 21, 18'Jl. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 12, 1864 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
WdliamT. Hazel, enl. Sept. 3. 1861. Promoted to Corp. April 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Alexander Gault. enl. Nov. 4. 1802. Promoted to Corp April 1, 1863. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Edgar Atkinson, enl. Feb. 36, 1861. Wounded at Pickett's .Mills, Ga., 

May 27, 1864 .Mustered out with the Reg. 
George W Bridge, enl. Sept. i, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg 
Frederick Brucker, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg 
Benjamin Darby, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg 
Dillon P, Duer, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Mustered out with the Reg 
Julius F. Gaff, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 . Mustered out with the Reg 
William Keck. enl. Oct. 10, 1801 . Mustered out with the Reg. 
Joseph Lee, enl. March 22, 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Ward Ripley, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 . .Mustered out with the Reg. 
William Ryan, enl. Sept 2, I.S61 . Mustered out with the Reg. 
Jacob Shirley, enl. Sept. 2. 1801. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Reuben H. Aylesworth, enl. Sept. 2. 1801. Promoted to Corp. Aug. 1 

1862. Died from wounds rec'd at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1883. 
Frank Maser, enr. as Corp. Oct. 10, 1801. Died at Nashville, Tenn. 

March ■2.3, 1802. 
Isaac Flaugher, enr. as Corp. Oct. 10, 1801 . Died at Nelson's Barracks, 

Ky., Feb. 13, l.^S. 
James S. Clary, enl. Sept. 2. 1861. Lost on the steamer Sultana. 
Thomas Duer, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Died at Cincinnati May 4, 1862. 
Malhias Hageraan, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 . Died May 12, 1802, from wounds 

rec'd at Sniloh. .\pril 7. 
Marshall La Fountain, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Died at Nashville, Jan. '27, 1863. 
Alexander Lehman, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 . Died of wounds rec'd at Shiloh, 

April 7, 1862. 
Adam Miller, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 . Disch. for disabihty 



Charles Newton, enl. Oct. 10, 1861 Diseh. Aug. 5, 1S62, for disabilitj- 

caused by wounds rec'd at Shiloh. \pril 7. 
John Peter, enl. Sept. 2, ISdl. Disjh. for disability .May 23, 1362. 
Joseph R, Remley, enl. Oct. 31, 1S61 . Disch. for disability Oct. IT, 1S6-J. 
Henry Sanderson, enl. Sept. 2. 1861. Diseh. for disability June 3. 1863. 
John A. Standen, enl. Sept. i. 1861. Disch. tor disability caused by 

wjunls ree'd at Shiloh, April 7, l8j-3. 
David Shaeffer, enl. Oct. 13. 1861. Disch. as being under age 
Benj. F, Willbur, eur. as Drummer Sept. 2, 1861. Disch for disability 

May 21, 1862. 
John T. Wait, enl. Oct. 1, 1861 Disch. for disability Aug 5. 1S62. 
Joseph VVorden. enl. Sept. 8, 1861, Disch. June 21. 1365. 
Matthias Frederick, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Transf. to the Vet. Reserve 

Corps . 
James Sharkey, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Transf. to the Vet. Reserve Corps. 
Henry Braunstetter, ear. as Corp. Oct. 10, 1861. Disch. for disability 

Nov. 19, 1862. 
Charles Newburg, enl. Feb. 24, 1854. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 

27, 1864. 
Thomas H. Bellard, enl. Oct, 10, 1361. Disch. for disability Dec. 20, 1862. 
Alexander Sauteur, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Died at Hosp. at St. Louis, Jan. 

15, 1362. 
Lyman C. Billings, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 3, 1362. 
Eli Shisler, enl, Oct, 10, 1861. Lost on Steamer Echo June 10, 1865. 
Charles Smith, enl. Oct. 21, 1831. Died at Covington. Ky., May 10, 1862, 
Benjamin N Snyder, enl. Sept. 18, 1851. Died at Nelson's Barracks, 

Ky, JlarchlS, 1862. 
Homer Spaulding, enl. Oct. 10, 1361. Died Dec. 2, 1862, from wounds 

rec'd at Shiloh. April 7. 
Plimpton Stewart, enl. Oct. 10, IS'il. Died in Hosp. near Corinth, Miss., 

.rune 21, 1862. 
Frank B. Shirley, enl. Sept. 2. 1801. Died April 24, 1862, from wounds 

rec'd at Shiloh April 7. 
■William Weitzell, enl. Sept. 2, 1861 Died at Cincinnati May 10, 1862, 

from wounds rec'd at Shiloh April 7, 
Alexander Bushong, enr. as Corp. Oct 10, 1861. Disch. tor disability 

Nov. 4, 1862, 
William M. Guthrie, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Promoted to Corp . March 17, 

1862. Disch. tor disability Dec. 18, 1862. 
James W. Perkins, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Promoted to Corp. March 17, 1862, 

Disch tor disability Aug. 29. 1862. 
John Eckenroad, enl. Oct 22, 1861. Disch. to» disability Jan. 18. 1864. 
Dauiel Eckenroad, enl, Oct. 22, 1861. Disch. for disability Nov, 25, 1862. 
Albert Faber, enl, Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. Sept. 3, 1862, for disability 

caused by woimds rec'd at Shiloh April 7, 
Peter Frederick, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. at end of term Oct. 29, 1864. 
James B. Gibson, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. Disch. June 21, 1865. 
Charles Green, enl, Sept. 2, 1861. Disch for disability March 10, 1862. 
Henrj- Herriff, enr as Fifer, Oct. 10, 1861. Disch. for disability July 34, 

James Hughes, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. Disch. June 7, 1865. 
WiUiam Iry, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. Disch. Match -30, 1863, tor disability 

caused by wounds rec'd at Stone River Dec. 31, 1862. 
Anthony Kreekle, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Disch. at end of term Oct. 29, 1864. 
John C. Chapin, enl. Oct. 15, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Jan. 20, 1864, to 

Sergt. Dec, 12, 1804, and to 1st Sergt. March 23, 1865, Mustered out 

Nov. 27, 1865. 
Robert A. Gault, enr, as Corp, Oct. 10, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 

8, 1862. to Sergt. Ma], May 1, 1863, and transf. to Co. G. 
Henry G. Delker, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 2, 1361 . Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

and transf. to Co, H Dec. 5, 1864. 


Robert .A. Gault, enr. as Corp. Co. F, Oct. 10, 1361. Prom, to Sergt. Dec. 

8, 1862; to Sergt. Maj. May I, 1863; to 1st Lient. Co. G Nov. 26, 1864; 

and to Capt. March 28, 1865. Mustered out Nov. 27, 1865. 
Henry Coon, enr. as Corp. Oct. 17, 1861. Promoted to 2nd Lieut. Feb. 

14, 1862, and transf, to Co. K. Resigned April 17, 1862, 
George Hill, enl. Aug. '35, 1862 5Iustered out June 13, 1865. 
Albert W. Miller, enl. March 1, 1864, Mustered out Nov. 27, 1865, 
John Snetheu, enl. Feb. 13, 1364. Mustered out Nov. 27, 1865. 
Bridgeman Snetheu, enl. March 1, 1864. Died from wounds July '25, 1864. 
Allison Varney, enl. Oct. 13, 1863. Mustered out May 16, 1865. 
William Alexander, enl. Oct. 1, 1863. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 



Henry G. Delker, enr. as Sergt. Co. F, Sept. 2, 1861 . Prom, to 1st Lieut. 

and transferred to Co. H, Dec. 5, 1864, and to Captain March 18, 1865. 

Wounded in left arm and side Dec. 16, 1864. Mustered out Nov. 27, 

Albert Whittlesey, enl. Oct. 10, 1864. Promoted to 2nd Lieut. Nov. 7. 

1862, and to 1st Lieut. April 13, 1864. Resigned Nov. 20, 1864. 
William J. Holcomb, enl. Feb. 1, 1864. Mustered out Nov. 27, 1865 
Levi Turner, enl. Feb. 6. 1864. Mustered out Nov. 27, 1865, 
William Tooze, enl. Feb. 6, 1864. 

Norton T. Worcester, enl. Feb, 24, 1864. Mustered out Nov. 37, 1865. 
Richard Hudson, enl. Oct. 14, 1861. 

George Butson, enl Feb. 6, 1864. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga.. May 27, 

John Clark, enl. Feb. 6, 1864. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 27, 1864. 
James McMahon, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 16, 1861 Transf. to Co. I. 


James McMahan. enr. S rgt. Co. H. Sept. 16, 1%1. Transf. to Co. I and 

made 2nd Lieut. Dec. 21. 1862. Prom, to 1st Lieut. April 13, 1864. and 

to Capt. Nov. 26, 1864. Res. Feb. 31, 1865. 
John D Kirkendall enr. 2nd Lieut. Co. F, Sept. 2. 1861. Piom. to 1st 

Lieut. Jan. 9, 1862, and transf. to Co. B. and to Capt. Co. I. Jan. 1, 

1863. Dis. Nov. 10, 1864. 
George D. Pai-ker, enr. as Corp. Oct. 3, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky , Dec. 

2B, 1861. 
Shepard Scott, enr, as Drummer Oct. 2. 1861. Missing after battle of 

Chickamauga Sept. 20, 1862. 
Josephus .\ckley, enl. Aug. 27. 1861. Mustered out March 29, 1865. 
John Clark, enl. Sept. 5, 1861. Disch. for disability, July 25, 1864, 
John Kennedy, enl. Sept. 8, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 11, 1862. 
Louis Duvoo, enl. Sept. 2, 1861. Mustered out at end of term. Nov. 14, 

Charles Ellsworth, enl. Sept 14. 1861 . Mustered out at end of term, Nov. 

4, 1864. 
James Fitzgerald, enl. .Aug. 27th. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 30. 1865 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
Frederick Gouch, enl. Oct. 2, 1861. Died at Readyville, Tenn., April 31, 

WiUiam Goddard, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. Died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 1, 1862. 
Uriah Haddock, enl. Sept. 22, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 31, 1.862. 
Henry Holmes, enl. Oct. 2. 1861. Mustered out at end of term Nov. 1, 1864. 
John W. Hall, enl. Oct. 2, 1861. Died at Poe's Tavern, Tenn., Sept. 1'2, 

Charles Wells, enl Sept. 14, 1861. Mustered out June 17, 1865. 
George Warren, enl. Oct 82, 1861. Discharged tor disability Jan 26, 1865. 
Adam Zjaley, enl. Oct. 5, 1331. Died at Belmont Furnace, Ky., Feb. 20, 

William Chapman, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. Mustered ojt with the Reg, 
James E. Chapman, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. .Mustered out with the Reg. 
George E, Lauger, enl, Nov. 1. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 4, 1863, 

Disch. tor disability July 3, 186:^ 


Henry Coon ear as Corp. Co. G Oct. 17, 1851, Promoted to 2d Lieut. 
Feb 14, 1862. and transf, to Co. K. Res, April 17, 1862. Re-enhsted 
in 0th Regt. Aug. ;30, 1862. Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Albert L Bliss, enr as Sergt. Oct. 16, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 
39, 1863. 

John Oi'r, enr. as Corp. Oct. 3, 1861. Promoted to 1st Serg. Died Jan 
3, 1863, of wounds rec'd at Stone River. 

Newton Battles, enl, Aug. 84, 1861. Died at Camp Wickliffe, Ky , Dec. 
30. 1861. 

James M O'Brien, enr. as Corp. Oct. 3, 1881. Promoted to Serg. De- 
serted Oct. 1, 1883. 

William Babcock, enr. as Fifer Oct, 8, 18B1. Mustered out with the Reg. 

James Miller, enl. Oct. 24, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 19, 1862. 

James Alpin. enl. Oct, 25, 1861, Disch. at end of term Nov. 2, 1864, 

Lafayette Brown, enl. Oct. 4, 18^1. Disch. for disability Jan. 21, 1862. 

Edward Daltou, enl. Oct. 7, 1861. Prom, to Corp. Deserted Oct. 1, 1862. 

John Donaldson, enl, Oct, 10, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Oct. 10, 1864. 

Darwin Henry, enl. Oct. 6. 1.861. Disch. tor disability Aug. 8, 1862. 

John F. Kelley, enl. Oct. 11, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Oct. 11, 1.864. 

William McEacharn, enl. Oct. 14, 1861. Disch. for disability caused by 
wounds rec'd in battle , 

Milton Miller, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. Disch. tor disability . 

William Price, enl. Oct. 21, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Died at Chatta- 
nooga of wounds rec'd in battle 

John Pendleton, enl. Sept. 1, 1861. Disch. tor disabiUty Sept. 2, 1862. 

Arthur Quinn, enl. Aug. 27, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 18, 1862. 

Daniel ttegau, enl. Oct. 7, 1361 Transf. to Vec. Reserve Corps. 

Jacob Rusher, enl. Oct. 21. 1861. Killed at Shiloh April 7, 1862. 

WilUam P. Rodick, enl. Oct. 9, 1361. Disch. March '20, 1865. 

Benjamin F. Rand, eul. Sept. 14, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 14, 1863. 

WiUiam Reeve, enl. Oct. 17, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 21, 1863. 

John Stuart, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. i ied in Hos. at Chattanooga , 1863. 

Conrad Schock, enl. Oct. 16, 1861. Deserted April 11, 1863. 

Dennis Sexton, enl. Aug. 37, 1861. Disch. 

Asahel Thayer, enl. Sept. 14, 1861. Died in Hosp. at Bowling Green, Ky., 
Oct. 13, 1863. 

Nicholas Wagner, enl. Oct. 8, 1861. Died at -Athens, Ala., July 16, 1862. 

Henry Wagner, eul. Oct. 9, 1861. Disch. 

Matthew White, enl. Oct. 1'2, 1361. Disch. for disability March 16. 1863 

LeanderM. Lovelace, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 18, 1861. Died at Cincincati, 
April 34, 1862, from wounds. 

Marcus Synod, enl. Oct. 15, 1861. Disch. at end of term, Oct. 15, 1864 

Henry Ai nold, enl. Oct. 14, 1861 . Disch. for disability caused by wounds 
rec'd. at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 186:3. 

Rawson H, Bradley, enl. Oct. 14, 1861. Disch. tor disability, 1865. 




Company ti, Forty-second Infautry-Tlie First Colonel— VVbipping 
Humphrey Marshall— Driven from Cumberland Gap— Storming Chick- 
asaw Bluffs— Defeated -Capture of Arkansas Post— Battle of Port 
tiibson— Champion Hills and Big Black- Assaults on Vicksburg— Siege 
and Capture— In Louisiana— Mustered out— Us Losses— Its Members 
from Cuyahoga County- Forty-third Infantry— In the ' Ohio Brigade" 
—Its Subsequent Services— Its .Members from This County— One Mem- 
ber of the Forty-fltth Infantry— Fiity second Infantry- Its Gallantry 
at Perryville— Saving the .Ammunition at Stone River- The Battle of 
Chickamauga— Severe Duty before Lookout— Mission Ridge— Relief of 
Knoxville— Resaca and Kenesaw— Subsequent Services— Mustered out 
—Members from this County. 


CoMPAXY G of this regiment was piiucipally from 
Cuyahoga couuty: the records showing sixty-four 
men from that county on its rolls, and seven more on 
those of Companies H and K. The various compa- 
nies were mustered at Camp Chase during the autumn 
of 18G1; the regiment being completed by tlie muster 
of Companies G, H, I and K, on the 26th of Novem- 
ber. The first colonel was the now celebrated states- 
man, James A. Garfield. 

The Forty -second moved to Kentucky in December, 
and on the 10th of January, 1862, with other troops, 
was engaged in a sharp fight vrith several thousand 
rebels under General Humphrey Marshall. During 
the following night Marshall burned his baggage and 
fled, leaving his dead on the ground. After consid- 
erable other duty against guerrillas, the Forty-second 
was made a part of General G. W. Morgan's command, 
with which it inarched to Cumberland Gap, taking 
possession of that renowned stronghold on the 18th of 
June. On the 6th of July the brigade to which it 
belonged was attacked by a heavy body of Confederates 
a short distance south of the Gap, and forced back to 
that point. General Morgan finally withdrew his 
whole command through Kentucky: the Forty-second 
acting as rear-guard in a very exhaustive march. 

After a short excursion into Western Virginia, the 
regiment went down to Memphis, in November, 1862. 
In December it i)roceeded to the vicinity of Vicks- 
burg. and on the 29th of that month was one of the 
regiments which stormed tiie rebel intrenehments at 
Chickasaw Bluffs. It rushed forward in the face of a 
terrific fire with the utmost gallantry, but the storm 
of shot and shell and musketry was so murderous that 
it was obliged to retire, as was the rest of the assailing 

Early in January, 1863, the troops before Vicks- 
burg went up the Arkansas river and attacked Arkan- 
sas Post. After four hours' cannonading and several 
unsuccessful charges, another charge was made in 
which the Forty-second led the advance, but soon 
after it got under fire the enemy surrendered. Seven 
thousand prisoners were captured. 

Returning to the vicinity of Vicksburg the regiment, 
in the latter part of April, took a prominent part in 
the movement against the rear of that city. In the 
battle of Port Gibson it twice cliaroed the iiitivncli- 

ments of the enemy and was compelled to fall back 
with heavy loss, but its courage was still unbroken 
and, being moved to another position, it again made 
a charge and carried the rebel works. The enemy 
then abandoned the field. This regiment lost more 
heavily than any other in the corps. 

The Forty-second was slightly engaged at Cham- 
pion Hills and Big Black river, and suffered severely 
in the unsuccessful attacks on Vicksburg on the 19th 
and 22d of May. It participated in the hardships and 
glories of the siege and capture of Vicksburg, and 
soon afterward was ordered to the department of the 
Gulf. During the winter of 1863-4, it was stationed 
at Plaquemine, Louisiana. It was engaged through 
the siu-iug and summer of 1864 in arduous service, 
(though without much fighting), in Louisiana and 
Arkansas, and was mustered out in the fall, as the 
terms of the various companies expired. 

Duriug its three years" service the Forty-second had 
one officer and twenty men killed, and eighteen offi- 
cers and three hundred and twenty-five men wounded. 



Charles P. Jewett, ear. as Capt. Sept. 19, ISiil. Res. July 11, 1863. 
Calvin Pierce, enl. Oct. 4, 1861. Pro. to 2d Lieut. May 08, 1863; to 1st 

Lieut. May 25, 1884. Jlustered out with Co. Dec. 2. 1864. 
Edward B, Campbell, enr. as 1st Sergt. Sept. 19, 1861. Pro. to 8d Lieut. 

March 20, 1862; to 1st Lieut. June 5, 1862; to Capt. May 37. 1863. 

Transt. to 96th Reg. as Capt. Co. E Oct . 22, 1853. Must, out July 7, 

Andrew J. Stone, enr. as 2d Lieut. Sept. 19, 1861. Died March 9. 1862. 
Noble B. Wiggins, enl. Sept. 19, 1861 Pro. to 1st Sergt. July 5. 1864. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
John Hull, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 19, 1861 Mustered out with the Co. 
D. J. Wilder, enr. as Corp. Sept. 19,1861. Pro. to Sergt. Mustered 

out with Co. 
John W. Hofste, enl. Sept. 19, 1861 . Promoted to Sergt. Mustered out 

with the Co . 
Daniel Mulverhill, eul. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Sergt July 5, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
.\lfred D. Stryker, enl. Oct. 22, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Henry ColUns, enlisted Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 1, ISM. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
CharlesS. Anderson, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Peter Carlin, enl. Oct. 4, 1861 Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles Corcoran, enl Oct. 4, 1861 Mustered out with the Co. 
AmasaS. Garfield, enl. Sept. 19, 18^1. Mustered out with the Co. 
George M. Kelley, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
James McGregor, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
John McGregor, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
James McGuire, enl Sept 19,1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patrick Murphy, enl. Nov. 5, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
George M Phelps, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Seymour Ruggles. enl Sept. 19, 1881. Mustered out with the Co. 
Frederick J. .Switz, enl. Sept 19, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Shevlin, enl Oct. 4, 1851 .Mustered oat with the Co . 
Harp)ld Shattuck. eul. Oct. 4. 18<il. Mustered out with the Co. 
Wilson Shepard, enl. Oct. 4, ISll. Mustere 1 out «-ith the C-J. 
James Williamson, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Jlustered out with the Co. 
Patrick Hays. enl. S^pt 19.1861 Killed near Vicksburg, Miss. Dee. 

29, 1862 
Alfred Faulkner, enl. Sept. 19, 1861 . Killed at sieje of Vicksburg. .May 

31), istvi. 
Henry C. Morgan, enl Sept. 19. 1861. PromHed to Corp. Die.l at 

Vicksburg, Miss , July 27, 1863 
William Gardner, enl as Corp. Sept 19, 1861 Diedfrom wounds reed 

in battle, Jan 12, 1862. 
John J l^uiggin. enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Pr.Mnoted to Corp. DiedinHosp. 

at New Orleans, Aug. 31, 1863. 
Junior R. Cox, enr. as Corp. Sept 19, 1861. Died at Cumberland Gap, 

Sept. 18, 1862 
BelaW Porter, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Died at St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 

Frank Williams, enl. Sept, 19. HSl . Died at Vicksburg, July 26, 18'n. 



Calvin A. Marble, enr. as Si?rgt. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Disch. for disability March 25, 1863. 
John Brown, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Disch. for disa- 
bility May 3, 1863. 
John Brayton, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut, in U. S. Col. 

Inf., May, 1-64. 
James Gazelly, enl Sept. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept. 15, 1862. 
Jacob James enl. Sept. 19, 1801. Disch. Jan. 12, 1863. 
RufusC. Huntoon. enl. Sept. 19, 1«61 Promoted to 2nd Lieut. U. S. 

Col. Int. June 11, 1864. 
John McMahon, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Aug. 19, 1862. 
Michael O'Brien, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Oct. 15, 1863. 
Warren iiathburn, enl. Oct. 4, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 10, 1863. 
George G, Striker, enl. Oct. 22. 1861. Disch. Oct. 15. 1863, for disability 

caused by wounds rec"d in action May 1 . 
William Simloe. enl. Oct. 28, 1861. Disch. for disability May 25, 1863. 
William P. Williams, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 15, 

Thomas Mapes, enl. Oct. 4. 1861. Disch. Dec. 4, 1862, 
James Deharty, enl Oct. 13, 1861. Transf. to Vet. Reserve Corps. 
Nicholas Moore, enl. Sept. 19. 1861 , Transf. to the Invalid Corps. 
John Perry, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Principal Musician Sept. 

14, 1864. Mustered out at end of terra Oct., 1864. 
John R. Bailey, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Corp Mustered out 

with the Co. Dec. 2, 1864. 
Edward Caine, enl. Oct. 13, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Robert Corlett, enl. Oct. 13. 1861. Mustered out with the Co 
Thomas Corlett. enl. Oct. 13, 1861. Died at home Feb , 1862. 
John G. Warren, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Died at Ashland. Ky.Feb. 1862. 
Norman F. Dean. enl. Oct. 13, 1861. Promoted to Corp. 
George D. Farr, enl. as Corp. Sept. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Oct. 

r, I,S63. 
WiUard M. Farr, enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut II 8th Reg 

U.S. Col. Inf. May — 1864. 
George Havcox, enl Sept 19. 1861. Disch. for disabiUty July 15, 1863. 
John M. Hays, enl. Oct s. ]K62. Disch. at end of term (9 mos ), July 

6, 1863. 
Edward A. WiUiams. enl. Sept. 19, 1861. Promoted to Corp. July 5, 

1864. Mustered out with the Co. Dec. 2, 1864. 
Lorenzo D. Cox, enl. Oct. 18, 1861 . Mustered out with the Co. 
David B. Clark, enl. Nov. 13, 1861. Died at Vicksburg, Miss , July 27, 



Hiram J. Bowman, enr. as Corp. Nov. 6, 1861 . Mustered out with the 

Co. Dec. 2, 1864. 
Alvin J. Stanley, enr. as Corp Nov. 3, 1861 . Mustered out with the Co. 
Luther M. Fast, enl. Nov. 8, 1861 . Mustered out with the Co 
John Warren, enl. Nov. 5. 1861. Disch. for disability April 6. 1862. 
PhiUp Youngblood, enl. Nov. 8, 1861. Disch. for disability Jan. 15, 1863. 


Augustus B. HubbeU, enr. Nov. 15, 1861 . Promoted to 2d Lieut. Jan. 28, 
1863; and to 1st Lieut. Feb. 26, 1864. Mustered out with the Co Dec 
2. 1864. 

Joseph S. Osgood, enl. Oct. 23, 1861. Disch. Oct. 6, 1862. 


This regiment had but twelve men from Cuyahoga 
county. It was assigned to the celebrated "Ohio 
Brigade." the services of which are outlined in the 
sketch of the Twenty-seventh Infantrv. After the 
discontinuance of that brigade, in the spring of 186J:, 
the regiment was actively and gallantly engaged 
throughout the Atlanta campaign: taking a promi- 
nent part in the conflicts at Resaca, Oostenaula, Ken- 
esaw, Decatur, etc. It participated in the "March 
to the Sea," and the campaign through the Carolinas, 
and was mustered out in Julv, 1865. 



George Dill, enl. Dec. 2-3, 186-3. Mustered out with the Co., July 13 1865 
Albert A. Lawrence, eni. Feb. 23, 1864. Mustered out with the Co 
S. S. Piper, enl. Feb. 10, 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Wheelan, enl. Jan. 12, 1864. Mustered out with the Co 
Alexander P. Akins, enl. Jan. .30. 1854. Transf. to the navy Sept 10 I86( 
William Burch, enl. March 10, 1864 

Charles Campbell, enl. Feb. 10. 1864. Transf. to the navy Sept. 10, 1864. 
John Mahony, enl. Feb. 27. 1844. Mustered out with the Co. 
Giles H, Russ. enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Schnabel, enl. March 31, 18H4. Mustered out with the Co. 


James McMannis. enl. Jan. 10,1864. Mustered out with Co. July 13, 1865. 


John Moran, enl. Jan. 12, 1864. .Mustered out with the Co. July 1.3, 1865. 


JuUus J. Sheldon, enr. as Asst. Surg. Aug. 15, 1862. Resigned Nov. 6 


Twenty-three men of Company I comprised the 
representation of Cuyahoga county in the Fifty-third 
Ohio Infantry. The regiment was raised by Colonel 
Dan. McCook in the summer of 1863. Its first battle 
was that of Perryville, where the raw soldiers stood 
to their work like veterans, capturing Peters Hill 
after a sharp conflict, and repelling with heavy loss, 
the rebel force sent to retake it. It was not in the 
battle of Stone River, but its left wing, while escort- 
ing an ammunition train to the scene of conflict, was 
attacked by a large force of rebel cavalry, wliich was 
completely defeated. 

After serving in middle Tennessee through the 
spring and summer of 1863. the Fifty-second advanced 
with Rosecrans. and on the 19th, 20th and 21st of 
September took part in the disastrous battle of Chick- 
amauga. Most of the time it was held in reserve, and 
consequently it did not suffer a very serious loss. 
Soon afterwards it was on very severe duty for a week, 
without relief, in the worst of weather, holding a 
position under the constant fire of the rebels on Look- 
out mountain. The Fifty-second supported the 
storming columns at Mission Ridsre, and was active 
in the pursuit of the defeated enemy. It soon after 
marched to the relief of Kno.wille, sufEering severely 
from the inclemency of the weather and the scant- 
iness of supplies. 

The ne.\t spring, 1864, the regiment went into the 
Atlanta campaign. At Resaca it made a charge and 
defeated the enemy, but with heavy loss to itself. 
At Kenesaw mountain the brigade to which it be- 
longed attacked the rebel intrenchments with the 
most desperate gallantry, buf was defeated with very 
heavy loss; the gallant Colonel McCook being mortally 
wounded. The regiment continued in active service 
until the capture of Atlanta: marched with Sherman 
to the sea and through the Carolinas, and was mus- 
tered out in June, 1865. 



Joel Morse, enr. as Surgeon July 22, 1862. Resigned Sept. 6, 1864. 

Ira H. Pool, enr. as 1st Sergt. July 19, 1862. Prom, to 1st Lieut. Nov. 26, 
1862, and to Capt. April 24, 1864. Died July 30, 1864, of wounds rec'd 
at Kenesaw Mt., Ga. 

William Freeman, enr. as Sergt. June 3. 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 
Nov. 1, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Wilham Buckire, enl. June 30, 1862. Disch. June 9, 1863. 

Joseph H. Garrison, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 



John Lanagban, enl . July 3. 186-J. Mustered out with the Reg . 

William Lockard , enl . July 4. 1862 . Mustered out with the Reg 

William Myers, enl. June i, 18G-3. Disch. Dec. 36, 1868. 

James Moneysmith, enl . June 81, 1863. Died Oct. 83, 1803, from wounds 
received in action. 

James McKutchen, enl July 36. 1863, Mustered out with the Reg. 

Thomas Olds, enl June 35, 1S68. Mustered out with the Reg. 

George Simmons, enl. July 34, 1863. Deserted Aug. 33, ISSi. 

Frederick .Seivert, enl. July 36. 1862. Disch. Dec. 18. 1862. 

Howard F. Thompson, enl. Jime 4, 18C3. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Justin Weisgerber. enl June 1, 1862 

C'haries Wittern, enl. July 31. 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Thomas Waddoek. enl. June 38, 1863. Tran^f , to the .Alarine Corps. 

Randall Zopher, enr. as Drummer June 11, l^ia. Died at Bowling Green, 
Ky., Nov. 4. 1802. 

Peter Risser, enl. June 16. 1862. Detailed as baker Jan. 30, 1801. 

John N. Uiilsenheimer, enl. June 15, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
June 3, 1865. 

Henry Lotz. enr. as Corp. June 16, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 16, 
1 863 Jlustered out with the Reg. June 3, 1865. 

Augustus Lotz. enl. Feb. 30, 1864. Transf. to 69th Reg., Co. I Mus- 
tered out July 17, 1865. 

George W. Cogswell, enr. as Corp. Aug. 5, 1802. Mustered out with the 

Dejning B. Fish, enl. .July 21. 1862. Muste ed out with the Reg. 



Company H of the Fifty-fourth— The Regiment at Pittsburgh Landing— 
Chickasaw Bluflts — Arkansas Post — Operations around Vicksburg — 
.Mission Ridge— Relief of Knoxville Resaca. Kenesaw and Atl nta — 
Down to the Sea— Through the Carolinas— In Arkansas— Mustered 
Out- -Men from this County— A Man in the Fifty -fltth—The Germans 
of the Fifty-eighth- Shaking off the Snow to attack Fort Donelson— 
Pittsburg Landing— Chickasaw Bluffs— On the Ironclads— Running 
the Gauntlet— CHher Services— Mustered Out— Cuyahoga Members— 
The Sixtieth Infantry— An Incomi)lete Regiment — In the Wilderness- 
Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor— Petersburg, Etc.— Losses— List of 
Cuyahfiga County Men. 


A M.\.iiiiiiTY (if C!i)nip:iiiy H (fifty-four men) was 
tlie coiiti'ibution uf Cuyahoga comity to the Fifty- 
fourth Infantry. Tii? regiment was raised during 
the autumn of IStll and the following winter. It 
went to Kentucky in February, 1862, and the follow- 
ing month ascended the Tennessee to Pittsburg 
Lauding, and, being in General Sherman's division, 
encamped near Shiloh Church. It was hotly engaged 
oil both the Gth and 7th of April; a hundred and 
ninety-eight men being reported as killed, wounded 
and missing. 

After taking part in the capture of Corinth, and 
after numerous marches in southwestern Tennessee 
and northern Mississippi, the Fifty-fourth went down 
the Mississippi river in December, I,862, and partici- 
pated in the assault on Chickasaw Bluffs; being 
repulsed witli a loss of twenty men killed and 
wounded. It was also a part of the command which 
captured Arkansas Post. 

The Fifty-fourth was active in all the arduous 
marches and hard fighting which resulted in the cap- 
ture of Vicksburg; having forty-seven killed and 
wounded in the assaults made on the rebel works on 
the 19th and 'i'M of June. It remained mostl}' at 
N'ieksburg until October, 1803, when it moved to 

Chattanooga. It helped to achieve the great victory 
of Mission Ridge, and was a part of the devoted band 
which, with half rations of food and less than half 
supplied with clothing, by means of forced marches 
in inclement weather succeeded in raising the siege of 

After re-enlisting as a veteran regiment and taking 
the usual furlough, the Fifty-fourth engaged in the 
-•Vtlanta campaign. It was in the conflicts at Resaca 
and Dallas, and lost twenty-eight killed iind wounded 
in the assault on Kenesaw Mountain. In the battle 
before Atlanta, on tiie 21st and 22d of July, 186-1, the 
regiment lost ninety-four, killed, wounded and 

After the fall of Atlanta the Fifty-fourth marched 
down to the sea, and took part in the capture of Fort 
McAllister, near Savannah. It marched through the 
Carolinas with Sherman, fighting whenevernecessary. 
In June, 18G5, the regiment was sent to Arkansas, 
but m August was mustered out, brought home to 
Ohio and disbanded. 



John F. Cutler, enr. as Sergt. May 20, 1861, Co. C, 23d Regt. Promoted 
to 3d Lieut. July 23, 1861 . Res. Sept. 22, 1861. Re-enl. as priv. Co. 
H. 54th Regt. Jan. 4, 1862. App. 1st Sergt. Feb. 8, 1862. Pnmi. to 
3d Lieut. Aug. 19, 1862, to 1st Lieut. Nov. -37, 1863, and to Adjt. Oct. 

I, 1864. Mustered out at end of term Jan. 4, 1865. 


Henry Richardson, enr. 2d Lieut. Co. D, 23d Inf. May 20, 1861. Transf. 
to Co. B. Made flapt. Co. H, 54th Inf. Feb. 1, 1862. Resigned Dec. 

II, 1868. 

Silas W. Potter, enr. as 1st Lieut. Dec. 19, 1861. Disch. Aug. 19, 1862. 
George W. Browning, enl. Dec. 20. 1861. Promoted to 2d Lieut. Feb. 5, 

1862, and to 1st Lieut Aug. 19, 1862, Resigned Feb. 13, 1863. 
Seaman M.Bauder, enl. Dec. 38, 1861. Appointed Sergt. Feb. 8, 1862. 

Promoted to 3d Lieut. July 15, 1862. Resigned March 30, 1863. 
Isaac B. Seeley, enl. Jan. T, 1863. Appointed Sergt. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Oscar Pearsons, enl. Jan. 1, 1862. Appointed Sergt. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Lyman McGatb. enl. Jan. 85, 1868. Appointed Corp. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Hugh Moncrief, enl. Dec. 28 1861. Appointed Corp. Feb. 8, 1863. 
William Stevens, enl. Dec. 28, 1861. Appointed Corp. Feb. 8, 1862. 
Felix Monroe, enl. Jan. 6, 1862, Appomted Corp, Feb. 8, 1862, 
Isaac Travis, enr, as Musician Dec. 22, 1861. 
Joseph Richardson, enl, Dec, 20, 1861, 
Richard Allen, enl, Dec, 21, 1861, 
William Alexander, enl, Jan, 6, 1862, 
Charles .\mbrose, enl. Jan. 17, 1868. 
Charles Bennett, enl, Jan, 4, 1868, 
Andrew J, Brewer, enl, Jan, 9, 1863, 
Jacob Berschimer. enl, Jan, 15, 1868. 
Charles I>alley, enl. Jan. T, 1863. 
John Devine, enl. Jan. 80, 1808. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 80, 1864. Taken 

prisoner July iS, 1864. Disch. June 19. 1865, 
George F, Gale, enl, Jan, 8, 1862, 
Isaac GUinter, enl, Dec. 28, 1861. 
Thomas Gahan, enl. Jan , 83, 1862. 
James Hudson, enl, Dec, 88, 1861. 
George W, Hoag, enl, Dec. 84, 1861. Mustered out at end of term March 

83, 1S65, 
Patrick Hart, enl. Jan. 10, 1863. 
Alfred L, Jago, enl, Jan. 4, 1868. 
H.irace Knapp, enl. Jan. 8, 1802, 
James Kinkaid, enl, Dec. 81. ISHI. 
.lohn Kenney, enl, Jan, 13, 1868, 
James Lytle, enl, Jan, 10, 1888. 
Hoxie Lamphear, enl, Feb, 3, 1862, 
Reuben Mitchell, enl, Jan, 10. 1862, 
William Mat.y, enl, Jan 6, 1862, 
John Maples, enl, Jan, 4, 1868, 
John Mead, enl, Jan. 16, 1868, 
John Nelson, enl, Jan, 6, 1868, 
Hugh Nelson, enl, Jan. 6, 1S62. 
Frederic Nicola, enl, Jan. 23, 1862. 



Charles Olmsted, enl. Dec. 27, 1861. 
Albert Parmenter, enl. Feb. 1, 1868. 
Joseph Risinger, enl. Jan. SO, 1862. 
Lawrence Eixinger, enl. Jan. 7, 1862. 
Roger Ryan, enl. Jan. 7, 1862. 
Jackson Smith, eul. Jan. 4, 1868. 
John Skeene, enl. Jan. 12, 1862. 
John Sandy, enl. Jan. 7, 1863. 
John Tiernan. enl. Jan. 4, 1862. 
William H. Vaughn, enl. Jan. G, 1862. 
Wallace Wass, enl. Dec. 21, 1861. 
Jonathan Winslow. enl. Jan. 7, 1S62. 



Charles Stillman, enl. Sept. 13, 1861. Promoted to 1st Sergeant Oct. 20 
1861 ; to 2d Lieut. Ott. 2, 1862. Resigned March 10, 1864. 


This was a German regiment, raised in the autumn 
of 1861 and the following winter, and containing 
eighty-three men from Cuyahoga county, scattered 
through six companies, from E, with twenty-five 
men, down to F, with five. It was sent to the front 
early in February, 1862, and had the distinction of 
being the only regiment wjth a Cuyahoga representa- 
tion which took part in the capture of Fort Douelson. 
Arriving at the scene of conflict on the 13th of Feb- 
ruaiT, after a fatiguing march, the soldiers bivouacked 
in sight of the fort, slept soundly, and the next morn- 
ing found themselves covered with three inches of 

Shaking off the snow, the men moved forward. 
The enemy came out of his works and attacked 
them, but was driven back into his intrenchments 
with heavy loss. The Fifty-eighth then held its 
position till night. On the 16th the fort surrendered. 

Proceeding up the Tennessee, the regiment went 
into the battle of Pittsburg Landing on the 7th of 
April, and was warmly engaged until the enemy 
retreated; its loss being nine killed and fortv-three 

After serving principally on the Mississippi during 
the summer and autumn of 1862, the Fiftv-eighth 
went with Sherman's army to Chickasaw Blufl's, where 
it charged the rebel works most gallantly; being the 
first to reach the line of rifle pits. Like the rest 
of the command, it was driven back, however; having 
nearly half its number killed and wounded. This 
defeat was partially compensated by the capture of 
Arkansas Post, in which the Fifty-eighth took part. 

It was then jilaced by detachments on various iron- 
clad steamers, where it did good service along the 
rivers; being on the fleet which achieved the exciting 
feat of running past the blazing batteries of Vicks- 
burg on the occasion of Grant's movement to the rear 
of that stronghold. The regiment landed at Grand 
Gulf, and lost heavily in the battle which was fought 
there; afterwards taking jiart in the various expedi- 
tious in Louisiana. From Sei)tember, 1863, till De- 
cember, 1861. it was on provost duty at Vicksburg, 
and was then sent home and mustered out. 


Jacob Eggiman, enl. .-ipril 30. 1864. Mustered out with the Co., Sept. 

16, 1865. 
William Schwandt, enl. May 2, 1864. Clustered out with the Co. 

John Spaeth, enl. Feb. 13. 1864. Promoted to Corporal March 1. 1864. 
Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 24, 1864, and tolstSergt. Junel, IS'io. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. Sept. 16, 1865. 

Thomas Abel. enl. March 30, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

John G. Hammerly, enl. March 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

George Kens, enl, March 30, 186 1 . Lost on the steamer Sultana April 
27, 1865. 

August Matthews, enl. Feb. 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

David Schwinghatner. enl. March 27, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Schneider, enl. March 1, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Sihraidt, enl, March 30, 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 

Fred Schwinghatner, enl . March 23, 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 


John W. Hughes enl. March 19, 1864. Promoted to .\sst. Surg. tSth 
Reg. U.S. A., Aug. 5, 1864. 

George Butler, enl. March 19, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. June 1, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Co. Sept. l»i, 1865. 

Jacob Weber, eul. Feb. 27, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Aug. 1, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co . 

Charles E. MeMahon, enl. Jan. 2!i, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Thomas Berrick. enl. Feb. 22. 1864. Mustered with with the Co. 

Israel Beck, eul. Feb. 23, 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 

Patrick Cummings. enl. Feb. 29. 1364. Mustered out with the Co. 

George P. Dahash, eul. Feb. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Julius Haines, enl. March 12, 1864. Muste;ed out with the Co. 

George Haislet, enl. Feb. 23. 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 

Jacob Klein, enl . Feb . 0, 1804 . Mustered out with the Co. 

John Keaver. enl. Feb. 5. 18H4. Mustered out with the Co. 

Matthew Lawless, enl. Feb. 11, 1S64. Mustered outwith the Co. 

Charles Lutz. enl. Sarch 1.1804 Mustered out with the Co. 

John Sander, enl . Feb . 2fi. 1804. Mustered out with the Co . 

Henry Schlattmej-er. enl. Feb. 17. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Wolfkammer, enl. Feb. 5. 1861. Mustered with the Co. 

Walter Heffrou, enl. March 28, 1864. Died at Vicksburg. Miss., July 7. 

John Wurster, enl. Feb. 3, 1864. Died at Cairo, 111., 1 ec. 1. 1864. 

Jacob Elmer, enr. as Musician Dec. 20, 1861 . Mustered out Jan. 14, 1805. 

Andrew Waller, enl. Dec 31. 1861. Disch. Nov. 38, 1862. 

John C. Bauer, enl. March 31, 1864. Lost on the steamer Sultana. Aprij 

27, 1865. 
Henry Cornell, enl. March 16, li:64. Mustered out with Co. Sept. 16, 1,865. 
George J. Kohner, enl. March 4. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Mohr, enl. March 16, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward Peck, enl, Feb. 26. 1864. Mustered out Sept. 16. 1865. 
William Sheehau, enl. March 24, 18W Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas Palmer, enl. March 5, 1854. Died at Vicksburg, Miss., July 30, 



Robert Speeht. enl. Oct. 9, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. .Ian. 8, 1862; and 

to 2d Lieut. Sept. 21. 1862, Resigned Dec. 20th, 1863. 
Charles Stoppel. enl. Dec. 9. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 7, 1862; to 

2d Lieut. Nov. 14, 1863; and to 1st Lieut. May 25, 1864. Mustered 

out with the Co. Jan. 14th, 1865. 
Henry Manzelman, enl. Oct. 29,1861. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Mustered 

out with the Co . 
Adolph Mauzelmau, enl. Oct. 9, 1861. Piomoted to Sergt. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
William Holtz. enl. Oct 28, 1861. Mustered out with the Co 
Emanuel Schadler, enl. Nov. 16, 1861. Wounded at Shiloh April ~, 1802 

and sent to the Qeu. Hosp. 
Henrj' Wurtinghauser, enr. as Musician Oct. 26, 1861. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Thomas Dill, enl. Dec. 7, 1861. Disch. for disability Sept. 19, 1862. 
Philip Boade, enl. Jan. 27, 1864. Loston the steamer Sultana, April 37, 

Charles A. Bolin, enl. Dec. 26, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Frederick Chandler, enl. Jan. 14. 1864. Transferred to the Invalid C'oiijs 

March 15, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Conrad Frodrith, enl. Jan 15, 1804. Mustered out with the Co. 
Hugh Hart, en). Nov. 30. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Hugo, enl. Jan. 6, ISOl. Mustered out with the Co. 
Benjamin Lewis, eul. Jan 20, 1.804. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward Mullen, enl. Nov. 24, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael O'Morrow, enl. Dec. 30, 1863. Clustered out with the Co. 



FrieJricU Rentz, eal. Feb. I, ISiH. Jlustered out with the Co. 
Johu Ruth, enl. Fel). 1, 18(U. Mustei-ed out with the Co. 
Alfreil, enl. Jan. 14, 18Gt. Pr..motecl Corp. March 1, l-<ii3. 

tereil out with the Co, 
Hi-nry Stockinger. enl. Oct. SI, ISUl. Promoted to Corp. Jan. 

Killed in action on board gunboat near Liverpool. Miss.. May 
Joseph Faad. enl. Oct. 13, 1S61. Died at Vicksburg. Miss,, Aug. 
John Fathschild, enl. Nov. 4, 1861. Died at Cleveland, O , Aug. 
(iottlieb Meyer, enl. Oct 11. 18B1. Died at Vicksturg. Miss., 

John Spatholtz, enl. Oct. ar 1861 Died at Camp Dennison, 0., July 3 

•Si, im-i. 
10. 186.3. 
ir, 1863. 
Aug. 13, 



John Burk. enl. March l.i. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. Sent. 16. 1865. 
Solomon Baehnmnn, enl. Feb. 83, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John W. Simmons, enl. March 6, 1864. Blustered out with the Co. 
William H. Shepard, enl. Feb. ih, IHG4. Disch. Sept. 1.), 1805 
James Tliomas, enl Mareli Vi, 1864, Mustered out with the Co. 

Caspar Jung, en!. Oct. 5, 1861. Mustered out wiib the Co. Jan 14 ISO.). 
Frederick Kramer, enl. Dec. 4, 1861 . 

August Wagner, enl. Oct. 25. 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Julius Bauerle, enl. Feb. 1. 186S. Disch. for disability May 3, 186S. 
John Lee. enl. Nov. 19, 1861. Disch. for disability Feb. 24, 186-.;. 
Peter Lehmann. enl. Oct. IT, 1861. Disch. for disability Nov. 84, 1863. 
John Prell, enl. Feb. 5, 1803, Disch. for disability caused by wounds. 
George Eisenhart, enl. Dec. 13, 1S61. Mustered out with the Co. Sept. 16, 

Emil Von Langendorff, enl. Feb. 1, 1862. Mustered out with the Co, 
.lohii Rakowski, eul. Feb. 1, 1862. Disch. at end of term Feb. 15, 1865. 
Frederick Buehler. enl. Nov. 4, 1861. Died in Hosp. near St. Louis, Mc 

June 3. 1863. 
Philip Leidich, enr. as Musician Oct. 14, 1861. Died Jan. 31, 1863. 
Philip Lorch, enl. Feb. 1. 1862. Died March 6, 1863. 
Charles Wesehe. enl. Oct. 15, 1861. Killed near Vicksburg Dec. 39, 1863. 


There was a one-year regiment bearing tliis number, 
raised in 1861, but uo part of it was from Cuyahoga 
county. In the spring of 1864 a new regiment of 
three-year men was raised to which the vacant num- 
ber was assigned. Wlien six companies were full 
they were sent to the front under a lieutenant-colonel. 
Two independent companies of shari)shooters were 
assigned to it for duty, and two more comixmies of 
infantry joined it during the summer, but it was 
never full. One of the sharpshooter companies was 
raised jirincipally in Berea and vicinity, under Captain 
\V. L. Stearns. It finally became Company G of the 
Sixtieth. In all there were one hundred and eighty- 
six men in the regiment from Cuyahoga county; 
sixty-seven in Company H, fifty-six in Company G, 
and forty-nine in Company E: besides a few each in 
A, D anil i. 

The regiment reported to General Burnside, at 
Alexandria, Virginia, on the 2-lth of April, 1804, 
joined the army of the Potomac with him, and on the 
5th of May first came under fire in the terrible battle 
of the Wilderness. The new soldiers bore themselves 
with distinguished courage in this awful ordeal, and 
were especially complimented for their gallantry in 
leading the advance at Mary's Bridge on the 0th of 
May; crossing the Xy river under a severe fire and 
driving the enemy from his position. The Sixtieth 
was also hotly engaged at Si)Ottsylvania and North 
Anna, and when the deadly assault was made on the 
fortifications of Cold Harbor, the young regiment was 
there to take part. It did faithful service in the 
trenches before Petersburg, and suffered severclv at 

Salem Jlills and on the Weldon Railroad. During 
its year of service, eleven of the men from Cuyahoga 
county were killed in action; indicating that about 
seventy of those from that county were killed or 
wounded. A considei'aljle number were also taken 
prisoners, of whom a large proportion died in the 
rebel prison at Salislniry. The Sixtieth was close up 
to the rebel works at Petersburg, and was the second 
regiment to enter that city on its evacuation by the 
rebels. It was mustered out in July, 1865. 



Henry R. Stevens, eul Capt. Co. H March 83, 1864. Promoted to Maj. 

June 36, 186.). Mustered out with the Reg. July 28. 1865. 
William L. Stearns, enl. as 1st Sergt. .">th Co. Sharpshooters Oct. 31, 1863. 

Promoted March 15, 1804. to Capt. Co. G, Ortth Inf., and to .Maj. Aug. 

16. 1864. Resigned April 18. 1865, 
Charles E, .\mes, enl. as Sergt. April 18, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Reg. July 28, 1865. 


John D, Schoonmaker, enl. March 31, 1864. App. Hosp. Steward May 
16, 1864. Killed in action before Petersburg, Va., March 39, 1865. 

Daniel Lechleittr, eni. Co. I May 3, 1864. Promoted to Com. Sergt. 
Dec. 1. 1SB4, Mustered out with Reg. 

John Jamison, enl. Jan. 19, 1865. Mustered out July 24. 1865. 
James McGloan, enl, Jan. 0, 1865. Mustered out July 24. 186.). 


Edwin Cress, enl. Feb. 17, 1864, Co. G. Promoted to Q. M. Sergt. June 

I, 1864, and to 2nd Lieut. Co. D March 25. 1865. Resigned June .30, 

Christopher C, Gray, enl. Jan. 30, 1865. Mustered out July 24, 1865. 
Dosson Finch, eul. March 25, 1864. Died at Fairfax Seminary Hosp. 

May 15. 1864 
John Hutchins. enl. March 33, 1864. Jlissing since action of June IT, 

1864, in front of Petersburg. Va, 


A G. Quintrell. enr. as 2nd Lieut, March 9, 1S64. Promoted to Capt. 

April 18, 18i)4, Missing since action of June IT, 1864, and thought to 

have been killed. 
Franklin Paine, Jr., enr. as 1st Sergt. Co. H March 16, 1864. Promoted 

Dee. 31. 1864, to 1st Lieut, Co E, and to Capt. July 25. 1863. Mus- 
tered out with Reg. 
BenJ. F. Taylor, enr. as Sergt. 5Iaroh 13, 1864. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Sick in Hosp. at Muster out. 
James A. Wilson, enr. as Sergt March 28, 18i)4. Mustered out with Co 

July 28, 1865. 
Robert Gillmore, enl March 19, 1364. Promoted to Corj). Mustered 

out with Co. 
Joseph Wilson, enl March 28, 1864 Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with Co. 
William J. Beatty, enl. March 30. 1864. Mustered out with Co. 
Timothy Bacon, enl March 31. 1364. Mustered out with Co. 
James W Brouse. enl. April 13, 1864. 

Harvey Brouse, enl. March 33, 1864. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry O. Brouse, enr. as Corp. March 23, 1864 
William G. Carpenter, enl. Feb. 10, 1865. 
Martin V. Fay. enl. April 8. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William G. Gillmore. enl. March .30. 1864. 
Peter McCabe, enl March 26. 1864. 

Robert G. SIcElhaney. enl. March 30. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James S Morrow, eul. Feb. 10, 1363. Mustered out with the Co. 
Francis .\. Priest, enl March 31. 18«;4. Mustered out with the Co. 
William W. Root, enl Feb. 10. 1803 Mustered out wit the Co. 
Horace C. Treat, enl. Mar h -il. !8';4. .Mustere<l out with the Co. 
Charles .\ White, enl. March 38. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward N White, enl. March ,31, 18<;4 Absent sick since May 9, IS64, 
Henn,- B. Farrar. enr. as Corp. }Iarch 18, 1864. Disch, May 26, 1865. 
Thomas H. Rex, enl. Maroh 26, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Disch. June 

6. 1863. 
George W. Jarvis. eiil. March 31, lStS4. Disch. for disability May 18, 

William S. Rogere, enl. March 28, 1864. Disch. Feb. 21, 1865. 
John R. Shaw. enl. March 28. 1864. Disch. for disability Dec. 18, 1864. 
Henry R. Peffers, enl. JIarch 33. 18<>4. Disch, June 82, 1864. 



Ephraim W. Moss, enl. March 31, 1864, Disch. May 30, 1865. 

James Johnston, enl. March 3S, 1S64. Disch. July 9, 1865. 

William H. Farrand, enl. March 14. 1864 Promoted to Sergt. Maj. July 

15, 18M, and to 2nd Lieut. Co. I. March 25, 1863. 
Edward C. Stevens, enl. March 30, 1864. Trausf . to Vet. Res. Corps 

Sept. 16, 1864. 
John D. Schoonmaker. (See Xon-commissioned Staff.) 
Gordon H. Potter, enr. as Musician March 16, 1864. Died in Hosp. Sept. 

36, 1864. 
Philip Ruckle, enl. March 20, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Killed before 

Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864. 
Frank R. Beardsley, enl. March 21, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Died ot 

wounds at City Point, Va., Aug. 12, 1864. 
Arthur J. Parkis, enr. as Corp. ilarch 15, 1864, Died in Hosp. Aug. 1, 

George B. Pritchard, enl. March 28, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Died Jan. 

19, 1865, in rebel prison at Salisbury, N. C. 
Samuel Marks, enl, April 12, 1864. Missing since action of June IT, 1864 

and supposed killed. 
Nelson R Stevens, enl. March 38, 1864. Killed before Petersburg, Va., 

.iug. 8, 1864. 


Norman D. Meacham, enr. as 1st Lieut. Feb. 26, 1864. Prom to Capt. 

Nov. 6, 1864. Mustered out July 3, 1865. 
Orlando W . Havnes, enr. as Corp . Feb. 23, 1854 . Promoted to 3d Lieut . 

March 18, 1865. and to 1st Lieut. July 25, 1865. Mustered out with 

the Co. July 28. 1865. 
Ira W Wallace, enr , as Corp. Feb. 17, 1864 . Promoted to 1st Sergeant . 

Mustered out with the Co . 
Henry M. Kirkpatrick. enr. as Corp. Feb. 17, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. 

Clustered out with the Co. 
Lewis .'?. Thompson, enr. as Corp. Feb. 16. 1864. Promoted to Sergt. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Porter M Weylie, enr. as Corp Jan. 39, 1864. Mustered out with the 

John Ames. enl. March 31, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
Solomon H. Lee, enl. Feb. 23, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

w,th the Co. 
William Snrns. enl. March 31, 1864, Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Edgar M. Reublin, enl. Jan. 26, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co . 
John .\lbers, enl. Jan. 88, 1S64. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Davis, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James R Estminger, en!. Jan. 37, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ely Fry, enl. Feb. .3, 1861. 

William H. Judkins. enl. Feb. 4, 1864. Sent to Hosp. Aug. 6, 1864. 
Walter Lewis, enl. March 9, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William H, Lacy, enl. Feb. 29 1864. Accidentally wounded. 
Ferdinand Lord, enl, March 3, 18&4. Mustered out with the Co. 
Lyman H. Luke, enl. Jan. 3, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Wagoner, enl. Feb. 13, 1864. Wounded May 2, 1864. 
Henry Wagner, enl. Feb, 2.3, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Philip Warner, enl. Feb, 39. 1864 

George H. Walberry, enl. Feb. 15. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Sidney E, Wright, enl. Feb. 24. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William .\mes. enl. Jiarch 31, 1864. Disch for disability May 23. 1865. 
Stephen W. Harrington, enl. Feb, 29, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Disch. 

for disability May 34, 1865. 
John H. Curtiss, enl. Feb. 39, 1864. Mustered out June 10, 1865. 
William C. Curtiss, enl. March 9. 1864. Mustered out June 22, 1865. 
Edward Gray. enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Disch. for disability June 12, 1865. 
Alfred Herold, enl. Feb. 15. 1864. Mustered out June 6, 1865. 
Wilbur F. Hildreth, enl. Feb. 12, 1864. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 
Elmer G. Lacy, enl. Feb. 29, 1864. Disch. for disability. 
Roswell B. Moore, enl. March 39, 1864. Disch. for disability May 24, 1865 
Thomas D. Miller, enl. Jan. 28, 1864. Disch. for disability March 20 

Avery Peabody, enl. Jan. 35, 1864. Disch. for disability Dec. 17, 1864. 
James H. Powers, enl. Feb. 32, 1864. Disch for disability June 6, 1865. 
Grenville Thorp, enl March 39. 1864. Disch. for disability Dec. 8, 1864. 
John Foster, enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Transf, to Vet. Res. Corps March 15 

William Pickett, enl. March 31. 1864. Transf to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Lewis R. Willey, enr. as Sergt. Feb. 15, 1864, Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Died April 3. 1865. from wounds rec'd in action. 
William W. Wilder, enr as Corp. Jan. 18, 1864. Died of wounds March 

13. 1865, at City Point. Va, 
John K McReynolds. enr. as Corp. Jan. 8, 1864. Died of wounds Dec 

!7. 1864. 
Wilbur F. Detchon, enl, Feb. 39. 18M. Died ot wounds Aug, 16, 1864. 
Lyman R, Hamilton enl. Jan. 37, 1864. Died in Hosp. June 5, 1864. 
Ben.i F, Hoffman, enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Died of wounds March 26, 1865, at 

Baltimore, Md. 

William E. Jackson, enl. March 39. 1864. Died at City Point, Va., June 
20,, 1865, 

Benj. F. Purine, enl. Jan. 27, 1864. Killed in action May 25. 1865. 

John Schopp, enl. Jan . 25, 1864. Died in reb el prison at Salisbury, N. C. 
Feb. 27, 1865. 

Hiram Sippy, enl. March 4, 1864. Died in rebel prison at Salisbury, N. 
C, Nov, 3, 1864. 

PhineasJ. Vannes?, enl. .March 15, 1864. Died at Washington, D. C, 
Aug. 34, 1864. 

Henry Cooper, enl. Jan. 32, 1804. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 
with the Co. July 28. 1865. 

Edward G. Disbro, enr. as Corp. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Henry Gassner. enl, Jan, "l"!. 1864. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 

Charles E. Sutton, enl, Jan. 22, 1864. Died Aug. 15, 1864, at Fort Schuy- 
ler. N. Y. 

Walter Yarham. eni. Jan. 32, 1864. Died by reason of wounds. 

Henry R. Stevens, enr. as Capt. .March 33. 1864. (See Field and Staff. ) 
John H. Miller, enr. as Sergt March 28, 1864. Promoted to 1st Sergt, 

Mustered out with the Co. July 28, 1865, 
Elmer J. Bennett, enl. March 17, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Orrin Jewell, enr. as Corp. Feb. 29, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Thomas Baker, enl. March'22, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Charles J. Green, enr. as Corp. March 14, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Richard Bond, enl, Feb. 22, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Joseph Roy, enl. Feb. 26, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
William H. Babcock, enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Andrew J Taylor, enl. Feb. 37, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Reg. 
Albert Albertson, enl. March 7, 1854. Promoted to Corp JIustered out 

with the Co. 
Rinaldo Baxter, enl. March II. 1864. Left sick in Hosp. May 13, 1864. 
Albert M. Bishop, enl. March iS. 1864. Was taken prisoner and paroled. 
William Canfleld, enl. Feb. 35, 18G4. Mustered out with the Co. 
George W. Doty, enl. March 31, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
John S, Durgin, enl. March 23. 1864. Mustered out with the C . 
James Gregory, enl Feb. 24. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
.\den Grover. enl. March 1.5. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Emory G. Hardy, enl. Feb. iS, 1864 , Mustered out with the Co . 
Levi Leggett. enl. April 4. 1864. Mustered out with th" Co. 
George W. Phelps, enl. March 33, 1864. Jlustered out with the Co. 
Reuben Pooler, enl. March 28, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Reiner, enl March 28, 1864. Wounded and sent to Hosp. May 12, 

Charles Rhode, enl. March 26. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patrick Roche, enl. March 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles D. Scott, enl. Jiarch 17, 1864 Taken prisoner Aug. 21, 1864, and 

escaped in March, 1865. 
George Sheffer, enl. March 32, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles W. Stanhope, enl. March 31. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Robert F. Thompson, enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Missing since action of Aug. 

21, 1864. 
Amasa G. Taft, enr. as Corp. .March 7, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Daniel Tucker, enl. .April IK. 1864. Sick in Hosp. since .April 39, 1864. 
William L, Truax, enl. March 28, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry Waterman, enl. Match 24, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ephraim Wood, enl. March 13. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Franklin Paine. Jr., enr. as 1st Sergt. March 16, 1864. Promoted Dec 

31, 1864, to 1st Lieut. Co. E. 
Daniel L. Whipple, enl. March 11, 1864. Discharged for disability Oct. 

20. 1864. 
Warren D. Belden, enl. March 30, 1864, Disch. June 8, 1865. 

Isaac Elwell, enl. March 18, 1864. Disch. for disability Jan. 4, 1865. 

Homer C. Jewett, enl. Feb. 23. 1864. Disch. for disability Feb. 6, 1865. 

Peter Martin, enl. March 26.1864. Disch June 5, 1865. 

Delos E. Manly, enl. March .31. 1864. Disch. June 5 1865. 

John R. Swartout. enl. March 4, 1864. Disch. May 31, 1865. 

Ezekiel B. Van Nostrand, enl. March 15, 1864. Disch. for disability Sept. 

9, 1864. 
WilliamG. Waterman, enl. March 29, 1864. Disch. June 5, 1865. 
George H. Webster, enl. March 38, 1864. Disch. June 21, 1865. 
Charles D, Giberson, enr. as. Sergt. March 7, 1864. Killed at Salem Mills, 

Va , June 1 , 1864. 
Henry W. Hardy, enr. as Sergt. Feb. 23, 1864. Died at Fredericksburg, 

Va., May 12, 1864, from wounds rec'd at battle of the Wilderness, 

May 6, 
John Bryan, enr. as Corp. March 7, 1864. Killed before Petersburg, Va., 

June 17, 1864. 



John B. McAlvey. enr. as Corp. March 11, 1864. Died at Washington, 

D. ('.. .June 17, ISM 
William H. Duntoii, enr. H9 Corp. Feb. S-S, l.'M. Died in Hosp. Jan. 1, 

Nathaniel A. Shipman, enl. March 14, lfe4 Promoted to Corp. Died in 

prison at Salisbury, N. C, Dec. 5, 1864. 
Harrison Bennett, enl. Feb. S3, 1884. Killed at Salem Mills, Va. June 

1. 1864, 
Horatio Storrs, enl. Feb -JJ, ISIU Promoted to Corp Died in prison 

at Salisbury. N. C, .ran. 34, 18ii.i. 
Lawrence T. Pepoon, enl. Feb. 33, 1864. Died at Philadelphia, Pa.. July 

34, 1864. from wounds rec'd before Petersburg July T. 
Frederick Chetlin, enl Mareh -30, 1864. Died in prison at Salisbury, N. 

C, Dec. 29, 18&4. 
Thomas W. Carpenter, enl. March SO. Ik:4 Died in prisrn at Salisbury 

N. C. Nov. 3, 1804. 
John A Clague, enl March 14. 1864. Died at Philadelphia, Pa , Aug. 7, 

George R. Cowles. enl March 18, 1864. Died in prison at Salisbury, N. 

C, Decs. 18tH. 
Henry M. Eells, enl. March 33, 1864. Died in prison at Richmond, Va,, 

Oct 8, 1864, 
John W. Green, enl. March 32, 1864. Died in prison at Salisbury, N. C, 

Dec. 13, 18W, 
James H Hardy, enl. Feb. 2:3. 1864. Died at Washington, D C, June 

31, 1864, from wounds rec'd before Petersburg. June IT. 
Charles Langton, Jr.. enl. March 34, 1864. Killed at Spottsylvania, Va.. 

May 9, 1864. 
William Lewis, enl. March 11. 1864. Killed before Petersburg. Va., June 

17, I8t>4. 
George Moore, enl. Feb. 26, 1864, Died at Washington, D, C, Sept. 13, 

.\runah Norton, enl March 19, 1S61 Died in prison at Salisbury, N C, 

Nov 3, 18ty. 
Alexander Wicks, enl March 3il. 1864 Disch, for disability June IT, 



William H f arrand, enl. Co. E, March 34, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. 

Maj. July l.i. 1864; and to 2d Lieut. Co. I, March 25, 1865. Mustered 

out with the Co. July 2,8, 1865. 
George K. Alstadt, enl. May 3, 1864. Promoted to Corp and to Sergt 

June 1, 1865. .Mustered out with the Co. July 3S, 1865. 
Milton D. Allen, enl. May 10. 1864. -Mustered out with the Co. 
Monroe Glick, enl. May T 1864. Mustered out with the Co, 
Peter C. Hine, enl. May T, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel H, Brooks, enl May 3, 1864, Disch. May -ia, 1865. 
William Buckheier. enl. April 18, 1864. Wounded Sept. 30, 1864. 
Frank Hickok, enl. April 16. 18ti4. Mustered out with the Co. July -iS, 

Patrick Harrington, enl April 18, 1864, Transt. to Vet. Res. Corps, 

March ii, 18«.-), 

C H A P T E R X X I \' . 


Cuyahoga in the Si.vtyfirst Its First Fight— Second Bull Run-Pro 
tecting Washington— Chancellorsville Gettysburg— To the .\rmy of 
the Cumberland— bight in Wauhatcbie Valley, Etc —Resaca— Hard 
Battle at Peachtree Creek— Guarding Bridges— Down to the Sea — 
Through the Carolinas— Consolidated— Mustered Out— Members from 
Cuyahoga - The Sixty-fifth and its Cuyahoga Men— In Kentucky, 
Mississippi. Etc.— After Bragg— Wading Stone Kiver— .\n Eight 
Hours Battle— Chlckamauga— The -Atlanta Campaign- Mention of 
the Battles— Large Percentage of Losses— In Texas— Mustered Out- 
List of Cuyahoga County Men —Forty-fifth and Sixty-seventh Consoli- 
ilated— Cuyahoga in the Sixty -seventh— In Virginia— Gallant Conduct 
at WinehestiT- Numerous Skirmishes -Port Royal and Port Republic 
—A Gale at Sea— .-V Fourth of July Battle— In South Carolina— A Seven 
Months Siege — Forty Days under Fire— Storming Wagner— Desperate 
Courage -Capture of Wagner— Veteran Furlough— Battle of Chester 
Station— Ware Bottom Church— Under Fire for Month*— Storming the 
Works at Signal Hill— Other Fights— Reviewed by President Lincoln- 
Storming Fort Gregg— .\ppomattox—Sxunmer Duty— Out in December 
—List of Cuyahoga's Representatives. 


This regiment, which contained momheis from 
iilmost erery county in the State, had thirty-nine from 
Ciiyahotra county in Company D, and three in Com- 

pany G. It joined Fremont's army in June, 1862; 
soon afterwards passing under the command of Pope, 
and having its first fight at Freeman's Ford, on the 
Rappahannock in July, ISi'yi. It al.^o had a shar]> con- 
flict at Sulpliur Springs on tiie 23d and 24th of 
August, and another on the 25tli at Waterloo Bridge. 
At the sec:ind Bull Run battle it was warmly engaged 
for a short time ; having twenty-five killed and 
wounded. It was not broken up, like so many regi- 
ments, in that battle, and aided in covering the 
retreat of Pope's demoralized army. During the 
subsequent operations of that year the regiment was 
part of the reserve held for the protection of Wash - 

After lying in winter iiuarters for several months, 
the Sixty-first moved south with Hooker and was 
actively engaged in the disastrous battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, where it had four ofKcers wounded, and 
five men killed and about thirty wounded. Its next 
battle was Gettysburg, v/here it was sent forward on 
the skirmish line and was driven back with iieavy 
loss. It then took a position on Cemetery Hill, 
wiiich it held till the victory was won. 

In September, 186.3, the Sixty-first went witii the 
Twelfth Corps to tlie Army of the Cumberland. On 
the night of the 28th of October it was engaged in a 
brisk fight in the Wauhatchie valley, driving the 
rebels across Lookout creek. On the 23d and 25th 
of November, it was engaged in the battles of Look- 
out -Mountain and Mission Ridge. 

After remaining at Bridgeport through tlie winter 
and enjoying a veteran furlough in March, 1864, the 
Sixty-first set out early in May on the Atlanta cam- 
paign. It v;as twice sharply engaged near Resaca, 
and again at Dallas on the 25th of May, when twenty- 
three of the men wei'e killed and wounded. After 
numerous skirmishes, and a sharp fight near Kenesaw 
Mountain, it crossed Peachtree creek w^ith Hooker's 
corps on tlie 20th of July, and engaged the enemy. 
The latter made a furious effort to drive it back across 
tlie creek, but was repulsed with heavy loss. Xinety- 
five officers and men of the Sixty-first were killed and 
wounded. After this, the regiment was on duty in 
the rear, guarding bridges, etc., until after the cap- 
ture of Atlanta. 

The regiment then niiirilied with Sherman to the 
sea and through the Carolinas. At Goldsboro, North 
Carolina, it was consolidated with the Eighty-second 
Infantry; the name of the latter being retained by 
the combined force. Tiie Eighty-second was mus- 
tered out about the 1st of September, 1865. 



John D. Bothwell, enr. as Capt. Feb. 10, 1862. Res. Dec. 33, 1863. 
James Armstrong, enr. as 1st Lt. Feb. 10, 1863. Res. Dec. 'ii, 1863. 
George H. Williams, enr. as Sergt. March 38, 18«3. Disch. 
George Morrison, enr. as Sergt. Feb. "35, 1863. Disch. 
Charles W. Foster, enr. as Sergt. March 33, 1862. Disch. 
George M. Pell, enr. as Sergt. March .3. 1863. Disch. March 14, 1863. 
John Savoy, enr. as Corp, March 6, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. July 1, 1862 
Henry Jenkins, enr. as Corp. Feb. 31, 18W. Promoted to Sergt. Nov. 
10,1863. Trar.sf. to83dReg. March 31, 18«5. Must, out July 14, 1865. 



Edward G Ranney, enr. as Corp. March U. 1862. Promoted to Corp. 

Killed at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. 
Richard Evans, enr. as Musician March 3, 1862. Disch April 2T, 1863. 
Charles C. Armstrong, eul. March 31, 1862. Uisch. Oct. 6, 1862. 
George Barrett, enl. April ad, 1862. Disch. March 12, 1863. 
Philip W. Bradford, eul. March 3, 1862. Disch. July 9, 1862. 
Sq;iire Hallas, enl March 7. 1862. 
Jacob Haller. eul. March 3, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 9, 1862. Died 

in Hosp . Xov. 28. 1.863. 
William H. HoUey, enl. March 22, 1862. Died June 12, 1865. 
George Lambacker, enl. March 1, 1S62. Transt. to 82d Reg. March 31. 

1865. Mustered out July 24, 1865. 
George W. Mains, enl. April 2. 1862. Disch. April 29, ISftJ. 
Edward MeCue. enl. March 20. 1862. 

Xeal MoCullough, enl. March 31, 1862. Disch. Oct. 18, 1862. 
Bernard McGouldrick, enl. March 31, 1S62. 
John Mclntyre, enl. March 3, 1862. Disch. Sept. 1, 1863. 
Patrick McGuire. enl. March 12, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 15, 1862. 
Patrick Murphy, enl. March 14, 1S62. Disch. 
George W. Xugent. enl. March 6. 1862. 

Conrad Reich, enl. March 3. 1862. Died in Hosp. Jan. 18, 18&4. 
William Ritter, enl. April 1, 1862. Died in Hosp. March 21, 1863. 
Comfort Ranney, enl . April 2, 1862. 

Jacob Schnurer. enl. March 7. 1862. Disch. June 15, 1865. 
Edmond C. Sprague. enr. as Musician April 2, 1862. Transt. to S2d Reg. 

March 31. 1865 Mustered out July 24, 1865. 
Alfred G. Thompson, enl. March 14, 1862. Missing since Oct. 28, 1864. 
Lucius Tryon. enl . March 13. 1862. 
Smith Tryon, enl March 13, 1862. 
George Voght. enl. March 22, 1862. 
Albert White, enl. March 7. 1862. 
John White, enl. April 2, 1862. Transf. to 82nd Reg. March 31, 1865 

Mustered out July 24, 1865. 
A. H. Williams, enl. March 24. 1862. Promoted to Corp. Dec. 9. 1862. 

Killed at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. 
Ransom White, enl. April 1. 1862. Died at Washington. D. C. Sept. 1, 

Robert Wright, enl. March 17, 1862. Died near Stafford Court House. 

Va, March 6, 1863. 
Charles Wucherer. enl. March 26, 1862. Wounded at Freeman's Ford, 

Va.. Aug. 22, 1862. Transf. to 82nd Reg. Jlarch 31. 1865. Mustered 

out July 24, 1865 


Thomas Costello, eul. Feb. 10. 1862 Disch. March 21. 1863. 
John Higgins. enl. Feb. 1. 1862. 
Michael Xolau, enl. Feb. 1, 1862. 



Augustus C. Barlow, enr. as Surgeon March 10, 1863. Appointed Bre- 
vet Lieut. Col. March 13, 1865. Mustered out Sept. 1865. 


This regiment, which was mustered into service on 
the 1st day of December, 1801, contained sixty-nine 
Cuyahoga men in Company E. twenty-nine in Com- 
pany I and three in Company C. It served in Ken- 
tucky through the winter, and in April, 1862, was 
present at the battle of Pittsburg Landing but was 
not actively engaged. The regiment was on service 
in northern Mississippi and Alabama and southern 
Tennesse until August, when it marched to Kentucky 
iu pursuit of Bragg. 

At the battle of Stone River, the Sixty-fifth crossed 
the river with its brigade on the night of the 20th of 
December, the men often in the water to the armpits, 
while the enemy was plying them with a heavv fire 
in front. They formed line on the farther bank, but 
SIS the supports did not come up the brigade was 
ordered to retire. The brigade was not actively 
engaged the next day, but on the morning of the 31st 
it was ordered to support McCook's corps, which was | 
being driven back. It was hotly engaged for eight | 
hours, and its efforts were at last crowned with vic- 

tory. It had three officers and tliirty-eight men 
killed, and seven officers and a hundred and six men 

Remaining in the vicinity till June, 1863, the regi- 
ment advanced with Rosecrans and in September 
fought at Chickamauga. It was in reserve nearly all 
the first day, but on the second fought long and 
with varying success; sharing at length, however, in 
the defeat of the whole army. It had three officers 
and thirteen men killed, and five officers and sixty 
men wounded. At Mission Ridge the Sixty-fifth 
liad fifteen men killed and wounded. 

The Atlanta campaign was hardly less than a long 
battle, and the Sixty-fifth was as continuously engaged 
as any regiment whose records we have observed. " At 
Resaca it had twenty-eight killed and wounded; at 
Dallas, six; at Marietta, twelve; at Kenesaw twelve; 
at Peachtree creek, four. 

After the capture of Atlanta the Sixty-fifth moved 
north iu pursuit of Hood, and on the 29th of Novem- 
ber took part in the battle of Springfield, Tennessee; 
having twenty-seven officers and men killed and 
wounded. The next day, in the battle of Franklin, 
it liad twenty-three killed and wounded. 

These numbers do not look large, but really rep- 
resented a large percentage of the regiment; for, after 
the discharge of the non-veterans on the 3rd of Octo- 
ber, it contained only a hundred and thirty men. 
This squad of war-worn soldiers remained at Nashville 
until June, 1865, when it went to Texas. It served 
there until December, and was mustered out at Co- 
lumbus on the 2d of January. ISGG. 



Horatio N. Whitbeck. enr. as 2d Lieut. Co. E, Oct. 2. 1861 Promoted 
to Capt. Nov. 2, 1.861: to Major Oct 7. 1862. and to Lieut. Col. April 
3, 1863. Wounded at Stone River Dec. 31, 1862, at Chickamauga_ 
Sept. 19, 1863 and at Kenesaw Mt. June 27. 1864. Disch. for disa- 
bility caused b.v wounds Aug. 16, 1865. 

Wilbur F. Hinman. enr as 1st Sergt. Co. E. Oct. 12. 1861. Promoted to 
1st Lieut. Feb. 7. 1862; to Capt Co. F, June 27. 1S64: to Maj. Oct. 10. 
1865, and to Lieut. Col. Nov. 4. 1865. Wounded at Chickamauga, Ga., 
Sept. 19. 1863. Mustered out with Reg. 

William H. Massey, Oct. 16. 1861. Transt. to 65th Inf and made 2d 
Lieut. Junes, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut, and Adj't Feb. 7, 1863. 
Died April 7, 186:3. of wounds reed at Stone River Dec 31, 1862. 

Thomas Powell, enr. as 1st Lieut. Co. E, Oct. 9. 1831. Promoted to 
Capt. Dec. 1, 1862; appt. Reg. Chaplain July 14. 1864. Clustered out 
with the Reg 


James P. Mills, enl. Oct. 24. 1861. Co. E. Promoted to Com Sergt. May 
1, 1863. and to Q M. Sergt. Aug. 1. 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Melville C. Porter, enl. Co. E. Nov. I 1861. Promoted to Sergt. May 1. 
1863, to Pr. Musician Jan. 1, 1864, and to Sergt Maj. April 6. 1865. 
Mustered out with Reg. Nov. :i0. 1865. 


M. W. Dickerson, enl. Mareh 30. 1864. Wounded at Spring Hill, Tenn , 

Nov. 29, 1864. Disch. for disability June 22, 1865. 
Charles C. Files, enl. March 21, 1S64. Died iu Hosp. at Cleveland, O.. 

Jan. 25, 1865. 
George Gilger. enl. March 16, 1864. Disch. at Nashville. Tenn., Nov. 28. 



George N. Huekins. enl. as 2nd Lieut. Oct. 16. 1861 Pronioted to 1st 
Lieut. Feb 26. 1862. Died at Nashville April 2. 1862 

Wilbur F. Hauxburst, enl. March 29, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 1. 



Diiiiiel H IViiy, enl. Manli i'l, 18154 Promoted to Coi-p. Oct. 1, 1865. 

Musieied out with the L'o. Not 30, 18ii5. 
Wilbur F. Hitiman. (See Fieldand Staff .) 
Ansel AthertMU. eul. October 13, 1X62. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 1, IWH, 

and to Sergt. March 1, 18t)5. Mustered out at end of term Oct. 13, 

Ko.val Edson, enl. Oct 88. 186S. Mustered out June 20. 186.'>. 
Robert S. Hudson, enl . Oct . 30, 1882 Mustered out at end of term Oct . 

29. 1803 
Wallace Walrath, enl Dec. 35, TfiS. Wounded at Reseca, Ga., May 15, 

I8i;i. Disch. for disability soon after 
Hiram A. Vaughn, enl March 23. 18i;i. Transf to Vet. Res. Corps 

March 23. 1863 
.Michael Turney, enl Oct. ». ISfil. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 1, 186.5. Left 

sici in Hosp at New Orleans 
George C Thompson, enl Oct. 13, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 1, 

1861. Killed at Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov. 29, 1864. 
Edward (i. Fowell. enr. as Corp. Oct. !l, 1861 . Transf to Co. F. 
Thomas Powell (See Field and Staff I 
Thonia« Tompkins, enr. as Sergt , Oct 'J, 1861. 
George Clement, enr. as Corp. Oct. i'. 1861 , 
Winfleld S. Cady. enl. Oct. 0, 1861. 
George Lee. enl. Oct, i), 1861 
William H Money, enl Oct. ii, 1861. 
George W. Need, enl. Oct. 9, 1861 
Edward Stanley, enl. Oct. 9, 1861. 
,Tohn T. Mansell, enl. Oct. 22, 1861. 
Komanzo Sumrt, enl. Oct. 9, 1861. 
Thomas Clayne, enr. as Corp Oct. 18, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 1, 

1S62. and to 1st. Sergt. Jan. 1, 1805. Wounded at Spring Hill, Tenn., 

Nov. 28, 1.864. Mustered out Nov. 30, 1865. 
Oliver Simmons, enl. Nov 2. 1861. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co Nov. 30, 1865. 
Joseph H. Willsey, enr. as Sergt. Nov. 9, 1861 . Transf. to Co. G. 
Peter Gassner. enl Oct. 4, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 1, 1864, and to 

Sergt. Aug. 1, 1865. Mustered out at end of term Oct. 4, 1865 
Edwin Crocker, enl. Oct. IS, 1S61. Wounded at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 

31, 18tl3. Transf. to Vet, Res. Corps. 
Thomas Kclley. enl. Oct. 14, 1861. Taken prisoner at Chickamauga, 

Sept. 20. 1S63. Lost on the Sultana April 27. 1865, 
Charles Hanckerson, enl. Oct. 30, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Captured 

at Chickamauga. Sept. 20, 186:3. Lost on the Sultana April 27, 1865. 
Jacob Keeler, enl . Oct. 19, 1861. Captured at Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 

1863. Died at Annapolis, Md., Dec. 22, 1S64. 
Simeon S. Canniff, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 5, 1861. 
John Cooper, enr. as Corp. Oct. 5, 1861. 
William Clark, enr as Corp. Oct 24. 1861 . 
George Hepburn, enr as Corp. Oct. 15, 1861. 
John F. Russ, enr. as Corp. Oct. 22, 1881. 
John N. Baumbah, enl. Oct. 10, 1861. 
Thomas C Ault. enl. Oct. 14.-1861. 
Truman Drake, enl. Oct. 5, 1861. 
Jacob Dibert.enl. Oct. 9, 1861 
Henry S Daggett, eul. Nov. 6. 1861. 
James Fitzgerald, enl. Oct. 11, 1861. 
Wilbur F. Hulet. enl. Oct. 19. 1861. 
William Johnson, enl. Oct. 29, 1861. 
Marston V. B. Knowles, enl. Oct. 8, 1861. 
Russell Lewis, enl. Oct. .5, 1861. 
Julius Leftlngwell, enl, Oct. 22, 1861. 
William Leinakar, enl, Nov. 4, 1861. 
William H. Leinakar, enl. Nov. 4, 1861. 
Lawrence Myer. enl. Oct. 19. 1861. 
JamesP. Miller. iSee Non-commissioned Staff.) 
Charles H. Nickerson, enl Oct. :i0. 1861. 
William Pumphrey, enl. Oct. 18, 1861. 
Stanley (i. Pope, enl. Oct. 11, 1861. 
James O. Pague. enl. Nov. 4, 1861. 
Frederick Shreat, enl. Oct 84. 1861. 
David D. Schaub, enl. Nov. 9. 1861. 
Louis Schneider, enl. Nov. 6, 1861, 
William J Varham.enl. Oct. 3, 1861. 
ThomasC. Aldrich, enl. Oct. 24,1861. 

17. 1.S62. 
George A Whitney, enl. Oct. 24, 1801 

17, 1S62. 
Charles V. Wheeler, enl. Oct. 24, 1,801. 

17. 1862. 

Horatio N Whitbeck <See Field and Staff.) 
Herman Hance, enl. Oct. 31. 1861. Promoted to Corporal Nov. I, 1864. 

W,,un(led at Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov. 28, 1864. Left in Hosp. at Jef- 

fersonville. Ind. 
George Day, enl. Oct. 22, 1861 
Conrad Killimer, enl. Oct. 9, ihci. Transf to Dep. of Engineers July 8, 

George W. Stevens, enl. Oct. 9, 1861. 
William Williams, enl. Oct. 22, 1861. 

Transf. ;to Band. Disch. May 
Transf to Baud. Disch. Moy 
Transf. to Band Disch. May 

Melville C. Porter. (See Non-commissioned Staff.) 
Daniel Wolfe, enl. Oct. 2:), 1861. 


Edward G. Powell, em-, as Corp. Co. E. Oct 9, 1861. Promoted to Sergt, 
Dec. 1, 1862; to 1st Sergt. Oct. 1, 1863; to 1st Lieut. Co. F Dec. 8, 1864: 
and to Capt. Nov. 24, 1865 Mustered out with Reg. Nov. 30, 1865. 

Joseph H. Willsey, enl. as Sergt. Co. E. Nov. 9, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. 
Maj. Dec. 1, 1861; to 2d Lieut. March 10, 1883; to 1st Lieut. June 27, 
1864; and to Capt. Co. G Oct. 5, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Lucien B. Eaton, enr. as 2d Lieut. Oct. .5, 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Nov, 22. 1861 ; and to Capt. Jan. 28. 1863. Resigned May 18, 1865, 
Mark Bundy, enr as Corp Nov. 2, 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1, 1863. 

Mustered out with the Co. Nov. .30, 1865. 
Nicholas Eruch, enl. Oct. 11, 1861. Promoted to Corp. April 1. 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry C. Ryder, enr. as Serg. Oct. 17, 1861 . Wounded at Stone River, 

Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862. Disch. for disability . 
Fred. Adams, enl. Oct. 28. 1861. Transf. to Vet. Pion'r Reg. Aug. 8, 1884. 
L. P. Strickland, enl. Oct. 21, 1861. Transf. to Vet. Pioneer Re.-. Aug. 8, 

Christopher Waller, eul. Nov. 1, 1861. Captured at Chickamauga, Ga , 

Sept. 20, 1863. Died in Andersonville prison Oot^l, 1864. 
Philip H. Bader, enr. as 1st Sergt. Oct. 29, 1861. 
Peter Cashen, enr. as Corp. Oct. 14, 1861 . 
William Kelly, enr. as Corp. Oct. 18, 1H61. 
Jacob .\llerton, enl. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Peter Clark, eul. Oct. 14, 1861, 
■William Chant, enl. Oct. 8, 1861 
Samuel Cameron, enl. Nov. 20, 1861 . 
George Daggett, enl. Oct. 13. !86I . 
John Desmond, enl. Oct. 21, 1,861 
William Franklin, enl. Nov. 19, 1861 . 
Franklin Hurt, enl. Nov. 22, 1861. 
.\bel Knapp, enr. as Drummer Oct. 25, 1861. 
Cyrus Myers, enl. Nov. II, 1861 . 
James O'Halligan, enl. Oct. 15, 1861. 
Patrick O'Harra, enl. Oct. 14, 1801. 
Michael O'Neal, enl. Oct. 14, 1861 , 
Charles Renschkoll, enl, Oct, 19, 1861. 
Hiram Stevens, enl, Oct. 21. 1861 , 
Thomas Smith, enl, Nov. 9, 1861. 
Henry Valelly, enl. Nov. 4, 1861. Taken prisoner, and paroled Sept. 47, 

1863. Mustered out at end of term, Nov. 4, 1864, 
Robert Wade, enl. Oct. 25, 1861. 
Jacob Wisson, enl. Oct. 25. 1861. 


Two partiall}- formed regiments, the Forty-fifth 
and Sixty-seveuth, were consolidated in December, 
1861, under the latter name. Company G was 
entirely composed of Cuyahoga county men, number- 
ing a hundred and seven during the war. Beside.s 
this, Company C had sixteen from that county, and 
Company D twenty-four; while there were a few each 
in Companies B. E, H, I and K — a hundred and six- 
ty-five in all. From a manuscript history of Company 
C, furnished by Captain George L. Childs, of Cleve- 
land, and from other sources, we have compiled the 
following sketch of the regiment : 

The Sixty-seventh went to northern Virginia in 
January, 18G2, serving under Generals Lander and 
Shields at Paw-Paw Tunnel, and near Romney and 
Winchester, until spring. On the 22d and 23d of 
March it took jiart in the battle of Winciiester; 
Colonel Kimberly being the immediate commander, 
tiiough General Shields, who was wounded, was some 
distance away. On the second day the regiment 
moved three-fourths of a mile, on the double (|uick, 
across an open field, under a heavy lire, going into 



action in this, its first serious battle, with the coolness 
of a veteran command, and aiding materially to win 
the victory. Its loss was fifteen killed and thirty two 
wounded. It was subsequently in numerous skir- 
mishes at Strasburg, Woodstock, Edinburg. Mt. 
Jackson, etc. 

After many long marches in northern Virginia, 
taking part in a sharp light at Front Royal, and cov- 
ering the retreat of the Union army from Port Repub- 
lic, the Sixty-seventh went down the Chesapeake in 
the latter part of June to hel]) McClellan. On this trip 
it went through dangers as great as those of any battle 
field. The barge on which a part of the regiment 
was broke loose in a gale from the steamer which 
towed it, and tossed for an hour at the mercy of the 
waves; horses, arms, equipage, and evev some men 
being washed overboard and lost. 

The command then made its way to Harrison's 
Landing, and on the 4th of July the Sixty-seventh 
was attacked just before daylight by a force of the 
enemy but soon repulsed it. After the army of the 
Potomac went north, this regiment remained at Suf- 
folk until January, 1863, when it was sent to Hilton 
Head, South Carolina. In May it proceeded to Cobb's 
Island, near Charleston, and for seven mouths was 
engaged in the seige of that place. For forty consec- 
utive days the regiment was under heavy fire. It led 
in the assault on Fort Wagner on the 18th of July; 
the Sixty-seventh and Sixty-second Ohio forcing their 
way into the fort in the face of a murderous fire, 
planting their colors on the parapet, and holding pos- 
session of a portion of the fortress for near ten hours. 
But all of the thi-ee brigade commanders present were 
killed or wounded, the position was commanded by 
the enemy on the other side of the fort, fifteen hun- 
dred of the assailants were disabled, it was found im- 
possible to advance farther, and at length all were 
compelled to retreat. The regiment had about a 
hundred and seventy men killed and wounded. 

After six weeks more of siege, two-thirds of the 
time under fire, another assault was ordered on the 
7th of September, but when the column advanced the 
enemy was found to have fled. The regiment was 
soon ordered to Hilton Head, remaining tiiere until 
February, 1864, when it went home on veteran fur- 

On the 27th of April, 1864, the veterans of the 
Sixty-seventh appeared at Gloucester Point, Virginia. 
On the 4th of May they, with thousands of their 
comrades, on a fleet of transports, were threatening 
Richmond from the York river; but in twenty-four 
hours, by means of a long journey, they appeared on 
the south and seized on one of the strongest positions 
near Richmond. On the 10th of May, at the battle 
of Chester Station, the Sixty-seventh was on the 
turnpike from Richmond to Petersburg. The rebels 
made a general attack. The regiment held its posi- 
tion from first to last, despite of four desperate charges: 
having seventy-six officers and men killed and 

At Ware Bottom Church, on the 20th of May, the 
Sixty-seventh captured by a charge a position which 
had been seized by the enemy; taking prisoner the 
rebel general, W. H. S. Walker, and a number of his 
men. The regiment iiad sixty-nine officers and men 
killed and wounded. 

During the summer the Sixty-seventh was engaged 
in the siege of Richmond and Petersburg, and almost 
constantly under fire. At Deep river, on the 16th of 
August, four companies charged the rebel rifle pits, 
lost over a third of their men at the first volley, but 
captured the line. On the 28th of September the 
regiment with the Tenth army corps aided in carry- 
ing by assault the enemy's strong works, with double 
lines of abatis, at Signal Hill. It was also in severe 
fights on the 7th, 1.3th, 27th and 28th of October. 
with a loss of over a hundred men. 

During the winter it was not quite so steadily in 
action as through the summer, but endured unnum- 
bered iiardships. 

In the spring of 1865 the Sixty-seventh, thougli 
depleted in numbers, was in high spirits and in good 
" trim;" The division to which it belonged (the First 
of the Twenty-fourth army corps) was reviewed by 
General Grant, Secretary Stanton, and finally by 
President Lincoln himself, and drew forth warm en- 
comiums from all those distinguished gentlemen. 
These praises were equally well deserved in the field. 
On the 2d of April the Sixty-seventh, with the rest of 
the Twenty-fourth army corps, assailed the enemy's 
works, capturing one after another, and at noon car- 
ried Fort Gregg by storm, after a furious hand to 
hand combat, in which the regiment had over a hun- 
dred men killed and wounded in half an hour. Fort 
Gregg was the key of Petersburg and Richmond, 
which fell immediately afterward. The regiment was 
also actively engaged in the operations near A])po- 
mattox Court House, which resulted in the surrender 
of Lee and the collapse of the rebellion. . It was on 
garrison duty in Virginia during the succeeding sum- 
mer and autumn, and was mustered out in December, 



Rodney J. Hathaway, enr. in Co. G, as 1st Ser^t. Nov. 1. l.SOl. Pro- 
moted to 1st Lieut, and Adjt. March :-4, 1864. Disch. at end of term 
Nov. 15, 186J. 

Grove L. Heaton. enr. as 3nd Lieut. Oct. 10, 186'.!. Promoted to 1st Lieut, 
and R. Q JI. .>Iay 2:). 18(53, and to Capt. and A. Q. M. April 10, 18()4. 
:\Iustered out Dee. 7, 1865. 


Edwards. Allen, enr. as Musician Nov. 11, 1861. Promoted to Drum 

William Sorse. enr. Dec. 17, 1801, Co. G. Prom, to Sergt, Wounded at 

Fort Wagner, .July 18, 1863. Prom, to Sergeant Major Jan. 11, 1865. i 

Wounded April a, 1863. [ 


Ebenezer Sumner, enl Dec. 16. 1863. Mustered out Dec. 7, 1865. : 

WMIliam Sumner, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Left in Hosp at Philadelphia, May 
1, 1864. 


George L. Childs. enr. as '.^nd Lieut. Oct. 15, 1861. Prom, to 1st Lieut, 
and to Adj. Oct. 9, 1863, and to Capt. May S3, 1864. Wounded at Ft. 
Wagner July 18. 1863, and Oct. 13, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. |! 

Dec. 7. 1865. f 



J.ilin L . McCorniick. eiil Jan . 2, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. July 17, 1885. 
Jacob Hiller. eiil Oi-I. !l. 18(51. Mustered out with the Co. Dec. 7, 1865. 
Joshua I.ovegrove. enl. Xov. .•). 1883 Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel Miller, enl. Nov 1, 18(51. Promoted to Corporal Feb. 18, 1864. 

Wounded near Petersburg, .\piil S, 18t'5. Disch. for disability Aug. 

ill. ISO.'). 
Charles Ellis, enl. March 'i6. If64. Wounded near Petersburg. April 3, 

18(JJ. Disch. June 16. 1865. 
Kinnldo A. Gray, enl . Dec. -^7, 1861 . Disch. for disability March 31. 1869. 
.\ndiew Krieger. enl Oct. 13.1862. Disch. for disability Jan. 87, 1865. 
Caleb Turner, enl. Oct 38, 1861. Disch. for disability May 8. 1862. 
Charles Whitehead, enr as musician Dec. 53, 18(51. Disch. Oct. 10 18(53. 
George W. Young, enl. Oct. 19, 1861 Transf. to U. S. Navy Aprils, 

Ji'hn Fo.v. enl. Oct. 38, 1861. Killed at Winchester, Va., March 33, leUS 
Peter Galvin, enl. Nov. 91, 1861. Died in Hosp. Oct. 6, 1862. 
Rnbert Teare, enl. Nov. 11, 1861. Killed at Winchester, Va.. March 33, 

James Williams, enl. Dec. S6, 1861. Transf. toCo. E. Jan. 7, 1862. 
James Watson, enl. Dec 36, 1S61. Transf. to Co. E Jan. 7. 18ti3. 
Charles Hornsey. enl. Feb. 93,1864. Promoted to lorp. Nov. 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 

George E. Herrinuid. enr ns Sergt. Nov. 30, 1861 . 

Alnion R. Baldwin, enr, as Sergt. Nov. 18, 1861. 

Wellington Smith, enr as Cor]). Dec. 10. 1861. Promoted to Sergt. 
Wounded May 10. 1864. 

John Gnodman. enr. as Corp. Dec. 16, 1861. 

Seth .^brams. enl. Dec. 16. 1861. 

Jacob Bogardus. enl. Dec. 17. 1861. 

Patrick Corkins, enl. Dee !l. 1801. Taken prisoner at Deep Bottom. Va.. 
Aug. 18. 1864 

Jacob Gilbert, enl Dee 34. 1861 

Edward Hawkins, enl. Dec. !l, 1861. Promoted to Corp. June 91, 1863; 
to Sergt Aug. SO. 1864. and to 1st Sergt. March 37, 1865. Transf. to 
Co. B Aug. 3. 1863. Mustered out Dec 7. 1S63. 

John Rornsby enl. Dec 2. 1861. 

John W Heniii. enl. Dec. 10, 1861. 

L. T. Hancock, enl. Dec. 33 1S61. 

.lohn Jay. enl Dec. 18 18iil . 

Tom Maber. enl. Nov. 38. igni 

Joseph Ryan, enl Dec. 34. 18«1 

Oliver StalTord. enl. Dec 30. 1861. 

Joel Van. enl Nov. m. 1861. 

Henry C. Williams, eul. Nov 30, 1861. 

William Wright, enl. Dec. 22. 1861. 

John Hood. enl. Oct. 31. 18(54. Transf. to Co B Aug. 3, 18(55. .Mustered 
out at end of term Oct. 36, 1865. 

Henry Johnson enl March 5. 1864. Wounded Aug. 16, 18<M. and sent lo 
the Hosp. at Hampton. Va. Transf. to Co. B, Aug. 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out Deo, 7. 18(55, ^ 

Michael O'Biien. enl Oct. 11. 1864. flVansf. to Co. B, Aug 3. lRfi.i. Mus- 
tered out at end o: term Oct 13. 1865 

Thomas Rodgers. enl. Oct. 7. 1864. Transf. to Co. B, Aug. :). 186,5. Mus 
tered out at end of term Oct 9. 1865. 

William Mead. enl. Feb. 38. 1861. Wounded May 9, 18W, Promoted to 
Corp. June 31. 18(55 Mustered out Dec 7, 1865. 

Frank Whitney, enl. Dec. 33, 1863. P^^moted to Corp June 31, l.s6j. 
Mustered out Dec. 7. 1865. 

John Spencer, enl. Dec. 10,1861. Sent to Hosp. at Hampton, Va. Jan. 
32. 1K(55 Transf to Co. B. Aug. S. 1865. Mustered out Dee. 7, 1865. 


William Fitch, eul. Dec. 96, 1863. Promoted to Corp Jan 11. 1865. .Mus- 
tered out with the Co. Dec. 7. 1865. 
Hezekiah Caufleld, enl Dec. 22, 1863. .Mustejed out with the Co 
Alexander Diik, enl. Dec 21, 18tt3. Mustered out \vith the Co. 
Frederick Canfield. enl Dec. 32. 18(5;J. Disch. June 19. 1865 
Josiah Silcox.enl Jan T, 1864 Disch. Sept. 30. 186.5. 
William Cattonach, enl. Dec. 22, 1863. Disch. May .30, 1865. 


Valentine Heckman. enr as 3d Lieut Nov. 4. 1861. Promoted to Capt 

Dec 18.1861. Died at Strasburg. May 1.3. 1863. 
Alfred P. Girty, enr as 1st Lieut Dec 18, 1861. Promoted to Capt 

May 13 1863. Resigned April 35. 1864. 
George Emerson, enr as 3d Lieut. Oct. 95, 1861 . Promoted to 1st Lieut 

Co. F. May 36, 1883. and to Capt . July 1, 18153. Died May 23, 18&I, from 

wounds rec'd May 20, 
Charles E. Minor, enr as 1st Sergt. Nov. 18. 18C1. Promoted to 3d Lieui 

Nov. 19, 1863: to 1st Lieut. Feb. 18. 1864, and to Capt. March 18, 1865 

Wounded at Fort Wagner. July 18, 1863, and Oct. 13, 1864, Mustered 

out with the Reg. Dec 7, 1865. 
Edward 1. White, enr. as Sergt. Nov. 18, 1861. 
Xenophon Wheeler, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 26, 1861. 

16 A 

I Sylvester W. Matscn, enr. as Sergt. Nov 29, 1861. Promoted to 1st 
Sergt. Killed ne«r Chester Station Va., May 9, 18(M. 

John J. Wiltlinger, enr. as Coip. Nov. 5, 1801 

Isaac H Ba ker. enr as Corp. Nov. 10, 18(51. 

Oscar Nicholas, eur. a.s Corp. Oct. .30, 1861, Promoted to Sergt. Wounded 
at Fort Wagner, July 18, 1863. 

Ford W White, enr. as Corp. Nov. 33, 1661 

William H. Freeman, enr as Corp. Nov. 2, 1801. 

Ira Stoddart, enr. as Corp. Dec. 10. 1861. Promoted to Sergt. May 1. 
1.804. and to 1st Sergt. July 1, 180.^ 

Michael Kulluer. enr. as Corp. Oct. 30. 1861. 

Watson J, Parkinson, enr. as Corp. Nov. 7. 1861. 

Edward S. .\llen. (See Non-commissioned Staff.) 

Lucian R. Thorp, enr. as Musician Dec. 93, 1861. 

Joseph Roiakkers, enl. Dec. 23, 1861. Promoted to Corp. May 1, 1861. and 
to Sergt. Jan. 11. 1805 Trans to Co. C Aug. 3. 1865, Mustered out 
Dec 7, 1305. 

Frederick .\nhalt. enl. Nov 10. 1861. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3. 1865. 
Mustered out Dec. 7. 1865. 

George W. Ackerson. enl. Nov. 1. 1861. 

John Barber, enl. Xov. 16, 1861. 

Frederick Brodt. enl Nov. 28, 1861. 

John Blower, enl. Dec. 93. 1861. 

Andrew Burns, enl Dec 14, 1861. 

Joseph Burk. enl. Oct, .30. 1861. 

Jacob Benzie, enl. Dec. 33. 1861 

George W Brooks, enl. Nov. 3, 1861. 

James Catchpole. enl Dec. 3. 1861. 

Bruno Colbrun, enl. Nov. 98, 1861. Wounded May 10. 1864, Transf. to 
Co C Aug 3. 1865. Mustered out Dec. 7, 1865. 

Joseph Clifford, enl. Dec. 37. 1861. 

Harry Curtiss. enl. Nov. 2, 1861. 

Charles A Dresser, enl. Dec. 27, 1861. 

John E. Durham, enl. Nov. 93, 1861 . 

Latimer N. Dyke. enl. Dec. 23.1861. Promoted to Corp. May 1. 1864. 
Disch from Hosp. Sept. 98. 1865. 

George Evans, enl. Dec. 9, 1861. 

David Elton, enl. Nov. 18. 1,«61 

William Enga. enl. Nov. 11, 1,861. 

Milan Emmons, enl. Nov. 7. 1861. 

John Griffin, enl. Nov. 23. 1861 . Wounded May 10, 1864. 

Mead Fowler, enl. ! ec, 9, 1861. 

Frederick Fultmeth. enl Nov. .5. 1861. Transf. to Co. C Aug. t. 1S(>3. 

Mustered out Dec 7, 1865, 
Philip Foles. enl, Nov. 18. 1861. 
Henry Frantz. enl. Nov. -28. 1861. 
John Gais. enl Dec. 17. 1861. Wounded at Fort Wagner, S. C, July 18. 

1863, and at Chester, Va,. May 9, 1864. 
Alexander Gordon, enl. Dec 18. 1861. Promoted to Sergt. Wounded 

at Fort Wagner July 18, 1863. 
William T. Green, enl. Nov. 39, 1801. 
Charles Gibbard, enl, Dec 5, 1801. 
John Hoaft. enl Dec. 97. 1861. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. Mustered 

out Dec. 7, 1865. 
Charles Hancock, enl. Oct. 30, 1861. 
David Holliday. enl. Nov 13. 1861, 
Truman Kidney, enl. Dec. 93, 1801. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3. 1865. Mus 

lered out Dec. 7. 1865. 
William Kimball, enl. Dec. 3. 1861 
William Keille. enl Nov. 13, 1861. 
Paul Kamerer. enl . Dec. 33. 1861 . 
Louis t.'. Lyon, enl. Nov. 3. l.'iOl. 
Edwin S. Libbey. enl. Nov. -35. 1861. 
W. Lucas, enl. Nov. 10, 1861 
John Loch, enl Oct. 30. 1861. 
Ed. J. McDonald, enl Dec. 3. 1861. 
Dallas Moon. enl. Nov. 3. 1861. 
Levi .A. Meacham. enl. Nov 4. 1861. 
George E. Morgan, enl Nov. 7, 1861. Promoted to Corp. Disch. from 

Hosp. July 20. 1865. 
Alex. Muchler, enl. Nov 7, 18(51. 
Peter Mormon, enl. Dec. 12. 1801 
Peter McGue, enl. Dec. 15, 18(51 
Michael Madden, enl. Dec. 13, 1861. 
Constantine Olga. enl Nov. 18. 1861. 

William Ody. enl, Dec. 11. 1861. Wounded M»y 9, ;1864. Promoted to 
Corp siept 14, 1864. Transf . to Co C. Aug. 3, 1865. Mustered out 
Dec. 7, l.Mio. 
Albert Oldham enl. Dec. 18. 18(51. 
Samuel Plai^ter. enl. Xov. 13, 1861. 
George Pike, enl Dec. 28. 1>61 . 
Henry A. 1 hilip. enl Dec 23. 1861. 
Solomon Pntchanl. enl. Nov. 30, 1861. 
Jonathan Ring. enl. Nov. 36, 1861 
Jacob Roath. enl. Nov. 16. 1861. 
Milford Roi-inson. enl. Dec, 18, 18CI. 
August Reisland. enl. Nov. 18, 1851 . 



Lewis Stattlemeier, enl. Dec. 17, 1861 

William Sorge. (See Non-com. Staff.) 

Mark Shafe, eul. Dec. US, 1861. 

Taylor E. Str<5ud, eul. Nov. 16, 1S61. Promoted to Coi-p. Oct 14, ISW, 
and to Sergt. Aug. 1, 1865. 

John Seulby, enl. Nov. 8. l.sOl. Wounded at Fort Wagner .July 18, 1863. 

David Twitcliell, enl. Nov. U, 1861. 

Lafayette Taylor, enl . Nov. 18. IMiil 

Jacob Traenis. enl. Jan. 8. 1862. 

Sidney J. Varney. enl. Nov. 1.3, 1S61. Wounded at Fort Wagner Julv IS, 

Augustine Winter, enl. Nov. 5, 1861. \\'ounded at Fort Wagner Julv 18. 

Henry Wirsch, enl. Dec. 5, 1661. 

Christian Wagoner, enl. Deo. 13, 1861. Killed at Fort Wagner July 18, 

James Wait. enl. Nov. 18, 1861. 

George Winfield. enl. Nov. 23, 18UI. 

Orlando Emerson, enl, Dec. 31. 1863. Promoted to Corp. June 1, 1865. 
Transt. to Co. C Aug. .3. 1865. Mustered out Dec. 7, 1865. 

Charles Nicholas, enl. Dec. 31. 1863. Promoted to Corp. July 1, 1865. 

Herman Uhler, enl. March 11, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Aug. 1, 1865- 
Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. Mustered out Dec. 7, 1865. 

John Demaline, enl. March 10, 1864. Transf to Co. C. Aug. 3, 1865. 
Mustered out Dec. 7, 1865. 

Charles Fuller, enl. March 25, 1864. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865 Mus- 
tered out with the Co. Dec. 7, 1865 

George Heward. enl. JIarch 15, 1864. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865, Mus- 
tered out with the Co 

Amos Hodgman. enl. Feb. iO. 1N64. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. Mus. 
tered out with the Co. 

Michael Joice, enl. March 23, 1864. Left sick at Camp Dennison Sept. 
27, 1864 

Jacob Hallett. enl. March 9, 1864. Transf. to Co C Aug. 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

John Miller, enl. March 33, 1864. Transf. to Co. C Aug. .3, 1865. Mus 
tered out with the Co. 
Samuel Richman, enl. Feb. -14. 1864. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

oseph Studer. enl. Feb. 39. 1864, Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3. 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Edward Sumner, eul. Jan. 4, 18';4. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Allen Wheeler, enl, Jan. 2, 1864. Transf. to Co. C Aug. 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Rodney J. Hathaway. (See Field and Staff.) 

Samuel Burd. eul. Nov. 14. 1.861 


John B. Spafford. enr. as and Lieut. Oct. 3, 1861. Promoted to Capt. 

Dec 18,1861. Resigned Feb. 3. 1863, 
Sidney G. Brock, enl, Nov. 18. 1861. Promoted to 1st Lieut. Dec. 18. 1861, 

to Capt. Oct. 3. 1S63. Mustered out Jan. 25, 1865. 
John Evarts, enl. Dec. 18, 1861. Disch. 
Charles Lewis, enl. Dec. 24. 1861 Disch. Sept. 11. 1862. 


John R. Straus, enl. Sept. 33. 1864 Died at Chapins Farm. Va , Dec 3 
18154 , 


John Baker, enl Feb. 8. 1864. Transf. to Co. E, Aug. 3, 1865. Mustered 

out Dec. 7. 1.865. 
William H. Kelley, enl. Nov. 16. 1864. Transf. to Co. E, Aug. 3, 1865. 

Disch. at end of term Nov. 17, 1865. 
Joseph Horn, enl. Nov. 17, 1864. Trans, to Co. E, Aug. 3, 1865. Disch. 

at end of term Nov. 17, 1865. 
James B. Garner, enl. Oct. 17, 1864. Disch. at end of term Oct 18 

John R. Brokan, enl. Oct. 18. 1864. Disch. Sept. 2, 1865. 
Almeron Pangborn, enl. Oct. 18. 1864. Died in Hosp. at Fortress Monroe, 

Va., .\ug. 24. 1865. 



John J. Calvert, eul. Nov 20, 1861, 
Charles W. Delany. enl Nov. 35, 1861 



The Eighty-fourth goes forThree Months— Two Strong Companies from 
Cuyahoga— Services in Virginia— Cuyahoga County Men— Two Regi- 
ments of Eighty si.-vth Infantry— Services of the Three Months' Men 
at Clarksburg, West Virginia- Cuyahoga Soldiers— The Six Months' 
Regiment in West Virginia— Capture of John Jlorgan— Capture of 
Cumberland Gap— Mustered Out— List of Soldiers from this County- 
Eighty -seventh Infantry— Its Surrender— Men frciu this County— 
Eighty-eighth Infantry— Its Duty at Camp Chase— Cuyahoga Men. 


This was a three mouths" reoiuient, raised in May 
and June, 1862, to meet a pressing emergency. Com- 
panies D and E, a hundred and ninety-seven men in 
all, were from Cuyahoga county. On the 11th of 
June it proceeded to Cumberland, .Maryland, where it 
remained until September, guarding the lines, cheek- 
ing guerrillas, etc. It garrisoned the fort and village 
of Xew Creek a short time, preventing a threatened 
attack by General Imboden, and then, after about 
four months" service, returned home and was mustered 



John J. ^^ iseman, enl. as Lieut. Col. June 7, 1862. Detailed on special 
service at Washington. D. C. Sept. 13. 1862. Mustered out after the 

Frank H. Hiuman. enl. as 3nd Lieut. Co, D May 36, 1863, App, .\djt, 
.\ug 18. 1863. 


Daniel R. Taylor. Q, M, Sergt, , 

Royal A, Muusell, Com, Sergt, 


JohnN, Frazee, Captain, Ely. 1st Lieut. 

Frank H . Hiuman. (See Field and Staff ) 

Thomas Goodwillie (1st Sergt. \ David S. Whitehead (Sergt.), William 
Morgan (Sergt.), Reuben A. Field (Sergt. i, George W. Armstrong 
(Sergt.). Jacob J. Lohrer (Corp. i. Austin H. Waters iCorp.), William E 
Murray (Corp.), Isaac W. Severance (Corp.). Pierson D. Briggs (Corp ). 
Albert G. Carpenter (Corp. i. Edward S. Warner (Corp.), (Iscar W. Han- 
cock (Corp.), William A. Diefenbach, James Covert, Frank Baker, 
Olcott Barrett, James Bemis, Charles A Bolton, Quincy Bradley. Ed- 
win E. Beeman. Charles E. Brown. John F. Brunner. John Banton, 
Angus R. Braden, John Crowell, Jr., William H. Chamberlain. Robert 
L Chamberlain. Benj. F. Chapman. William H. Chaffee, Michael Car- 
roll, \N alter Coates, John Dugan. Edward Dangerfield, John R. Evans. 
Hamilton Fordyce, .\ddison J. Farrand. William H. Farrand. James 
Gettings, Henry Glenville. Thomas Guy, Charles H. Gill. Lewis Gross. 
Robert Gould Asa A. Goodwin. Charles A. Goodno. Henry Hollev. 
George S. Holden. Henry H. Hawthorne, Edwin T. Hamilton. Frederick 
T. Hard, James A. Hartness. Edward Hudson, Halsey J Hawthorne, 
Paul B. Harris, Seymour G, Hunt, Earl Herrick. Peter Kuntz, Frederick 
Kinsman. .Jr.. David C, Ketchum. Thomas Lemmon. David L, Lowrie, 
John A, Loomis. Henry E, Lowrj% .\ustin B, Leonard, Theodore J, 
Leitz. Chauncy B, Lane. Josiah .Morris. William E. McBride. Robert E. 
Murray, Charles W. McReynolds, John T, Mead, John W, O'Neil. Lloyd 
G, Parker. William H. Pepperday, John T, Pinkney. George S, Paine, 
Charles Pinkney. Charles Quiggin. George S. Quayle. F. L. Reese. Omar 
S. Richardson. John H. Rose. Frederick Stokes, Joseph Speddy, Theo- 
dore Sterritt. Edward C. Smith. Samuel Starkweather, Jr.. Lewis Stein. 
Edward Sewer. Edward C Tinker. George R Tice, Daniel E. Taylor 
(See Non-Com. Staffi, James .\. Willson, Geoi-ge Watkins, John B, 
Wade, A B. Woodruff. Charles White, Thomas Whitehead, Joseph 
Zuber, Wyllis S Stetson. 




. I limes Pickarid^. Captain, 

Viih'il C. Taylor, 1st Lieut. 

Henry T. Nash, -M Lieut. 

Samuel L. Allen (1st Sergt.), .James McGinness iSergt.), Judson M. 
Bishop (Sergt.), Eben S. Coe (Sergt.), Frank J. Ford (Sergt.), Theron C. 
Baldwin (Corp.), Theodore A. Andrews (Corp.), Lyman I). Hunt (Corp.). 
Frank S. Chamberlain (Corp i. Elijah H. Norton ((.'orp.), Ben,j. H. 
Smith (Corp.), George Wilkinson (Corp ). S. H. Waring (Corp.). Charles 
D. Camp, .lames J. Adams. Daniel J. Altheu, Hannilml A Beeson, 
William .11. Barnes. William O. Barnes, Charles E. Bnigham, Eugene 
W Benhani, .John K. Batchelder. William Calahan. Thomas Chevring- 
ton, William W. Castle, Charles D. Collins, David K. Clint, Thomas J. 
Crooks, .Alexander H. Cobb. Myron E. Cozzem, Orlando .M. Caimei', 
Charles W. Cook, Charles W. Diehl, Peter Deatry, Charles Evans, 
Ellei'y C. Ford, Nathan C. Fleming, Theodoi-e Foljambe, George Gar- 
rettson, LewisB. Gentz, Patrick W. Grineley, George M. Heard. Michael 
Hogan, Daniel Henricle, William E. Herrick. Samuel H Harrison, 
Henrj- A. Harvey, William Holmes, Henry J. Hoyt, Justin Juch, Wil- 
liam A. Knowlton, Edwin J. Kyser, Henry C. King, William \V. Kim- 
ball, Jacob Krch, Edwin N. Locke, Walter J. Lowman, Albert Means. 
Charles D Morse, William D. Mather, Royal .i.. Munsell (see Non-com- 
missioned Staff I, Theodore Odell. Lewis D. Oviatt, George W. Potter, 
Henry Phillips, Edward S. Page, Timothy H. Kearden Daniel Roberts, 
Lemuel O. Rawson, James C. Ryan, Horace W. Strickland, Frank W. 
Smith, Lyman I Smith, George Spangler, Basil S. S|iangler, Henry 
Sa.\ton, Gustavus K. Tupper. Hervey B. Tibbetts, Charles M. Voroe, 
Cary A. Vaughn, Delos O. Wickham, William H. W^yman, Charles E 
Wilber, Walter F. Wells, Theodore M. Warner, Alfred T. Webber, 
Oscar Wade, Henry A. Woodward, Henry A, Welch, Edward E. Young. 


Two organizations bore this name; one raised for 
three mouths in Ma\- and June, 1863, and one for six 
months in June and July, 1863. Cuyahoga was 
siiglitly represented in both, as appears by the annexed 
record. The first regiment went to Clarksburg, 
West Virginia, in June, 1862, and remained there 
most of the time during the summer, guarding the 
raih'oad, and defending that place and Orafton from 
the threatened attacks of guerrillas. It was mustered 
out on the 25th of September. 

The si.\ months organization was completed just as 
tlie celebrated guerrilla, John Morgan, was making 
his great raid through southern Oliio. The regiment 
was immediately dispatched to Zanesville to help 
capture him. One battalion skirmished with a part 
of Morgan's force as it crossed the Ohio, while the 
other, in connection with Colonel Shackleford's coni- 
iikiikI. assisted in the capture of the redoubtable 
[lartisan himself. 

The Eighty-sixth soon went to Kentucky, where it 
joined an expedition under Colonel E)eC'ourcy against 
Cunil)erland Ga]); reaching a position in front of that 
stronghold on the 8th of September. At the same 
time General Burnside, in accordance with the pre- 
viously concocted plan, came up from East Tennessee 
on the South. The Eighty-sixth and other regiments 
were sent forward in line of battle, and every arrange- 
ment was made for an attack from both sii'es, but, on 
a demand being made, the rebel general consented to 
surrender. The regiment remained at the Gap until 
its term expired, when it returned to Cleveland, lieing 
mustered out on the 10th of February, 1864. 



Almon 0. Bruce. Edwin Ewing. 


William N. Hubl)Bll (Corp.), Solomon H. Gleason, John A, Field, Lo- 
renzo Strong, John E. Coleman, Edward M. Kellogg. Conrad Schade, 
Ira D. Williams, John White 



Samuel H Boyelten, David Green. 


Henry W. Monell, 


Charles E. Crowe, Larmou Cohvell, James Miller 

Michael D. DeWyani. Jeremi.vh S. Dunscomb. Charles Goodsell, Estel 
Jackson, lieorge Linsey. John Whi^e Roger Willia:ns, H. B. Steele 
'transf to l-,".tth Inf ) 


This was another three months reguneiit, and was 
more unfortunate than either of the foregoing. It 
went from Ohio to Baltimore in June, 1862, remained 
there till the latter part of July, and then rejiorted to 
Colonel Miles, at Harper's Ferry. In the forepart 
of September that otiicer surrendered his wjiole force 
to Stonewall Jackson. As the term of the Eighty- 
seventh had expired, its men were released from then- 
paroles and the regiment was sent home; being mus- 
tered out on tlie 2iith of September, 1862. 



Christopher Keary, ad Lieut 

William Crawford, Peter Keary, Richard Barringer, William M. Cur 
ran, Thomas Deiter, Thomas Fitch. Edward D Frame, Charles Frame, 
Robert Garvey, John A. Godfrey, Henry J. Howlett, John Miller, John 
W. Mayhew, Patrick McLaughlin, Joseph Moley, .tiidrew McCartney, 
Frederick M. Preston. Christopher Rath, Toney Siegel. David Shaugh- 
nesy, Andrew Winner, John W. Warr, Thomas Kenaly. 


This was a three-years regiment ; the first four 
companies being raised as the "Governor's Guards" 
in July, 1862, and the others a year later. It was 
kept almost all the time of its service guarding rebel 
prisoners at Camp Chase, and though always ready 
was never engtiged with the enemy, Ir was mustered 
out in July, 186.5, 



Wolcott F. Ciane, enl. July 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. July 3. 

Andrew McGregor, enl. June 30, 18B3. Mustered out with the Co. 
Willis P. Storrs, enl July 13, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 


John H. Irwin, enl. July (i, 18«3 Promoted to Sergt Mustered out 

with the Co. July 3, ISfl."). 
Charles A Jaycox. enl June iS. ISItl Mustered out with the Co. 
George W. Johnson, eul July 18. 1S«3. Mustered out with the Co. 
George W. Welton. enl July 15, lS>a. Jlustei-ed out with the Co. July 3, 




Martin L. Brooks, enr. as Asst. Surg. Aprd .3, ISia, Mustered out with 
the Reg June S, 18(m. 





The Rally in lS62_Ten Companies Reaily for the Field— Six of them 
from CuyahoKa— First Officers of the One Hundred and Third— Off 
for Kentucky— After Buell— Sickness— The Stay at Frankfort— South- 
ward in the Spring— On the Cumberland— With Burnside to East Ten- 
nesee— Terrible Roads— Great Hardships— Delight of the Loyal Ten- 
nesseeans— Special Enthusiasm at Greenville— Up the Tennessee Val- 
ley—Skirmishes at Blue Springs- Marches and Countermarches— Con ■ 
centrating at Knoxville— Longstreet beseiges the City— Attack on the 
Pickets— A Desperate Fight— Gallantry of the One Hundred and Third 
—The Rebels repulsed— Increasing Hardships— Sleeveless Blouses and 
Legless Pantaloons— A Dollar for a " Hard Tack "—Approach of Suc- 
cor—Retreat of the Enemy— Pursuit— The Acme of Wretchedness- 
Back to Knoxville- Food and Clothes— Jlore Marching— The Atlanta 
Campaign- Resaca— Charging Breastworks— Lying down under Fire 
—"Charge Bayonet"— Carrying Two Lines of Works— The Next Day's 
Battle— Retreat of the Enemy — Ptmipkin-vine Creek — " Forward "-- 
A Wretched Sight— The Rebels retreat— Heavy Skirmishing— A Dash- 
ing Exploit — Before Atlanta— Evacuation of Atlanta — Rest at Decatur 
— Heavj- Losses— Made Headquarters Guard— After Hood— Defending 
the Train at Spring Fill— Defeating the Enemy— A Flag from Cleve- 
land Ladies— A Long .Tourney— Arrival in Xorth Carolina— Capture of 
Wilmington, etc— Off for Home— A Sad Accident— Ovation at Cleve- 
land-Mustered Out — Members from Cuyahoga County--Men of the 
One Hundred and Fourth 

After the flisii.«ters of the Peninsular campaigrn in 
Jnne. 1862, and the consequent call of the President 
for three hundred thonsand more men, it is well 
known that, notwith.«tandino- the many severe drains 
which the North had had to hear, its sons asain ral- 
lied with nndannted fortitnde in defense of their 
country. Cnyahoga, Lorain and Medina connties had 
done their fnll share in sending- out the one hundred 
and twenty thonsand men which already represented 
Ohio in the field, but when recruiting otfices were 
opened in them for a new regiment, the farmers, me- 
chanics, clerks and professional men of these counties 
promptly responded,. and by the middle of July ten 
companies with full ranks were in the camp of ren- 
dezvous at Cleveland. 

Of these, six companies. A, B. C. D. E and G, 
were principally from Cuyahoga county. During the 
war Cuyahoga county was represented in Company 
A by eighty-one members; in Company B by eighty- 
two members; in Company C by seventy-two; in Com- 
pany D by ninety-three; in Company Eby eighty-nine; 
and in Company G by eighty-four. These, with five 
in Company H and fourteen in Company I, made a 
total of five hundred and twenty men from Cuyahoga 
county in the regiment during its term of service. 
Nine-tenths of these were recruited during the months 
of July and August, 18fi2. 

In the latter part of August the ten companies 
were organized into a regiment under the name of the 
One Hundred and Third Ohio Infantry, with John S. 
Casement, of Psiinesville, as colonel ; James T. Ster- 
ling, of Cleveland, as lieutenant-colonel, and Dewitt 
C. Howard, as major. On the 3rd of September the 
new regiment set out for Cincinnati, and after a brief 
stay at Covington, on the o]iposite side of the river, 
made its first march, on the 0th of September, to 
Fort Mitchell, three miles from the latter city. On 
the eighth of September the regiment was duly mus- 

*Principally from Col. P. C. Hayes" "Journal-History" of the Regi- 

tered into the United States service; there being then 
nine hundred and seventy-two olficers and men in its ' 

On the ISth of September the One Hundred and 
Third, having been united with Buell's army, started 
in pursuit of the retreating forces of Bragg. The 
next day it was placed in the advance and took its first 
lesson in skirmishing. At Snow's Pond, where the 
regiment camped during the latter part of September 
and the forepart of October, the men sufl'eied much 
from sickness, caused by the stagnant water they 
were obliged to use, nearly half the regiment being 
sick at once, though fortunately few cases were fatal. 

On the 6th the One Hundred and Third moved for- 
ward as a part of the brigade of General Quincy A. 
Gilmore, but was soon separated from it and ordered 
to Frankfort, the capital of Kentucky. It remained 
there five months (except during a trip of a few days 
to Louisville), a period which is described as very 
comfortably spent, and as being fruitful of the most 
pleasant relations with the citizens of that ancient 
Kentucky city. 

On the 5th of April, 1863, the One Hundred and 
Third moved southward, becoming part of the force 
of Gen. S. P. Carter, operating against the rebel Gen- 
eral Pegram. After considerable skirmishing at vari- 
ous points, the rebels attempted to make a stand at 
]\ronticello, beyond the Cumberland river but were 
easily defeated by the Union cavalry, before the in- 
fantry could come up. The command, however, was 
ordered back to the Cumberland river, which was 
made the southern line of defense by the Union 
forces. After a few weeks spent on the north bank 
of the river, and some very severe marching in the 
forepart of July, nearly all the rebels having been 
driven out of Kentucky, a large body of Union troops 
was concentrated at Danville and organized into the 
Twenty-third army corps, under Major General 
Hartsuif, for the purpose of marching to the relief of 
the Unionists of East Tennessee. On the 17th of 
August General Burnside took the chief command, 
and on the next day the army, numbering about 
twenty thousand men, set out on its way. 

The march over the mountains was one of extraor- 
dinary severity. Southern roads, as all soldiers of 
the late war well know, are of the most detestable 
description, and Southern mountain roads are per- 
fectly abominable — resembling cow-paths in which 
there have been no cows for twenty years. The men 
were obliged not only to carry their knapsacks, guns, 
cartridge-boxes, canteens and haversacks along these 
wretched trails, but to build bridges, lay corduroy 
roads, and help along the artillery and wagons, day 
after day and night after night, and all on half ra- 
tions, or even less. 

Still, however, they struggled on, with extraordi- 
nary patience under the circumstances, passing Crab 
Orchard, Burnside's Point, Emery's Iron Works, etc., 
to Concord in East Tennessee. The enemy fled be- 
fore them, and after reaching Tennessee the labors of 



the troops were less severe. The loyal Tennesseeans 
were wild with delight at the appearance of the old 
flag and its defenders. Every little village was pro- 
fusely decorated with the long-concealed National 
flags, while the people — men, women and children — 
tlironged in crowds along the line of march to wel- 
come and to l)less the soldiers of the Union. After 
taking jiossession of Knoxville, the principal place in 
East Tennessee, on the 1st of September, the Virginia 
and Tennessee railroad was utilized by the troops; the 
One Hundred and Third and other regiments going 
by rail up the valley a siiort distance northeast of 

At the latter place the enthusiasm reached its cli- 
max. All the people for miles around flocked to the 
depot, and nearly every one brought a basket of re- 
freshments — pies, cakes, meats, etc., — for the benefit 
(if the men who had come to protect them from rebel 
rule. Not only were the soldiers in a body greeted 
with tlie wildest cheers as they arrived, but hundreds 
of individuals were seized, shaken by the hand, 
blessed and wept over by the excited inhabitants. 
And this was only a more striking example of what 
was felt and expi'essed throughout East Tennessee by 
the persecuted, plundered Unionists of that devoted 

After sevei'al marches and countermarches in the 
vicinity of Greenville, the command moved up the 
valley, in the latter part of September, to Johnson's 
station and the Watauga river. After some skirmish- 
ing the enemy retired, and the command moved back 
to Greenville, and thence to Bull's Gap. On the 9th 
of October an advance was made to Blue Springs, 
where the rebels were met and companies A and D of 
the One Hundred and Third were sent forward as 
skirmishers. They came upon a large foi'ce of the 
enemy which charged and drove them back; killing, 
wounding and capturing a considerable number. 
Other companies of the regiment were sent to the relief 
of those mentioned, but Gen. Bnruside was not yet 
ready for a general engagement, and the whole com- 
mand was soon ordered back to Bull's (iap. 

Ere long, however, he was ready, and on the 
eleventh of October he ordered a general advance. A 
smart engagement took place at Blue Springs, and 
the One Hundred and Third lay on their arms all 
night ex]iecting a battle. The enemy, however, fled 
under cover of the darkness. Numerous other marches, 
forward, backward and sideways, were nnide in the 
dismal autumn weather, but they were not of sufficient 
importance to be recorded here. Early in November 
all the Union forces in East Tennessee were concen- 
trated at Knoxville, to repel a threatened attack by 
Gen. Longstreet. The One Hundred and Third 
reached that city on the fourth. About the fifteenth 
Longstreet appeared and sat down before the place 
with the evident intention of capturing it; at the same 
time, by means of his numerous cavalry, cutting off 
all communication between the Union forces and 
their comrades in other localities. 

He pushed his advance close to the Union picket 
line, and a constant firing between the two sides was 
the natural result. Numerous fortifications were 
built by the rebels to facilitate the siege, and the 
Unionists responded with eqnal zeal, until every hill 
around Knoxville was seamed with breastworks and 
bristled with cannon. 

On the morning of the 25th of November Gen- 
eral Longstreet sent forward a division of his best 
troops to attempt a surprise of the pickets while being 
relieved, to be followed by an assault upon the breast- 
works. A hostile movement of some kind was ex- 
pected, and six companies of the One Hundred and 
Third were ordered out to relieve the two which had 
previously been considered sufficient. There was 
some accidental delay, and the relief did not reach 
the post until about one o'clock in the afternoon. 
Just as the six companies were being stationed, the 
enemy charged with a yell and a volley. 

As this was the first time the regiment had been in 
a serious fight, it was very natural there should be 
some wavering. The men quickly recovered, how- 
ever, and volley after volley, closely aimed, soon tes- 
tified to the coolness and courage of the sons of 
northern Ohio. Heavy firing ensued on both sides 
for about an hour and a half. The One Hundred and 
Third was assisted by the pickets of the Twenty- 
fourth Kentucky and the Sixty-fifth Hlinois, and at 
length, by the whole strength of those regiments. 
The struggle grew hotter, but finally the rebels were 
seen to waver, when the Union commanders gave the 
spirit-stirring order "charge bayonets," and with a 
thundering cheer the whole line went forward at full 
speed. Before they could be reached, the sons of 
chivalry broke and fled to their works on a neighbor- 
ing hill, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. 
Our men then resumed their old position. 

This was known as the battle of Armstrong Hill, 
and was the first severe conflict of the One Hundred 
and Third Ohio. The companies engaged had about 
thirty-five men killed and wounded. 

The siege continued, and its hardships speedily 
increased. Overcoats and superfluous clothing had 
all been thrown away during the toilsome marches of 
summer, the blouses and pantaloons with which the 
men had started from Kentuckv had been worn out, 
the broken communications had prevented the issue 
of new articles, and in many cases, while the cold had 
rapidly become more severe, the men were reduced to 
shirts and drawers, with the addition of blouses with- 
out sleeves, and with pantaloons with no legs below 
the knees. 

Rations, too. which had been of only iialf the regu- 
lar amount since the command entered Tennessee, 
were now reduced to a quarter size, or even less, and 
the men were on the verge of starvation. They reme- 
died this to some extent, however, by excursions after 
corn up the French Broad river, a section which Long- 
street had been unable to invest. Even this resource 
was exhausted in time, and hunger became the daily 



companiou of all the infantry of the command. Those 
who had money could occasionally purchase food, fre- 
quently giving from half a dollar to a dollar for a sin- 
gle army-cracker, commonly known as a "hard tack." 
and from a quarter to half a dollar for an ear of corn. 
Those who had no money did the best they could on 
their quarter rations. 

Fortunately the time of the worst suffering was not 
of long duration. The victory of Mission Eidge 
warned Longstreet that he could only gain Knoxville 
by a desperate venture, and the defeat of his attack 
on Fort Saunders showed him that the venture had 
failed. On the ith of December six regiments of 
Union cavalry evaded the enemy and rode into Knox- 
ville, bringing news that the victors of Grant's army 
were on their way to the relief of the beleaguered city. 
Longstreet, too. heard the news, abandoned the hope- 
less task and retreated up the valley of the Tennessee 
toward Virginia. Deep was the joy and wild were the 
cheers when the defenders of Knoxville learned that 
the enemy had fled, and that they were once more 

The command was soon ordered to pursue the 
enemy, and did so, though in very wretched circum- 
stances as to clothes and rations. The men had been 
paid off, but supplies could not yet be furnished. 
Terrible indeed were the marches to and fro in the 
valley of the Tennessee, and the cold and rainy New 
Year's day of 1864 was' long remembered by the half- 
clad, half-fed, tentless soldiers as the very acme of 
wretchedness. At length, on the 17th of January, 
Longstreet started to retreat out of the State from 
Dandridge, and the Unionists, deceived by his ma- 
neuvers, also beat a hasty and most dismal retreat to 
Knoxville. Here they were furnished with ample 
supplies, for the first time in over six months, and 
were allowed a month to rest. 

During March and April there was more marching 
up and down the Tennessee valley, with few or no 
results, but in the latter part of the last named month 
the Twenty-third corps was concentrated at Charles- 
ton under General Schofield: the One Hundred and 
Third being in the second brigade of the third divis- 
ion of that corps. On the 3d of May the whole army 
set forth on Sherman's grand campaign against At- 

On the 13th of May, the Twenty-third corps came 
in front of Easaca, which Gen. Johnson had strongly 
fortified to resist the advance of Sherman. The next 
day, after various maneuvers, the Twenty-third corjis 
was brought, about noon, in front of the rebel works. 
An open field, nearly a mile across, lay spread before 
the ej'es of the L'nion soldiers, through which ran a 
small creek. On the high bank on the farther side of 
this stream lay the reliel infantry, ensconced behind 
three lines of formidable breastworks, while a large 
number of cannon were massed on a small elevation, 
well situated for giving full sweep to their grape and 

Soon after taking their position the Second and 

Third divisions of the Twenty-thii'd corps (the One 
Hundred and Third being included in the latter) were 
ordered to charge the works. Away they went across 
the open field, the enemy's cannon and rifles tearing 
tlie ranks at every step and cutting down the men by 
the hundred. Still they pressed on until they reached 
tlie foot of the hill which was crowned by the rebel 
breastworks. Here the assailants were ordered to lie 
down, and for nearly half an hour remained in that 
position. They were somewhat covered from the 
enemy's fire, but were in the most trying position to 
the nerves which a soldier can well occupy, lying in- 
active on the ground, with a storm of rifle bullets and 
grape shot continually whistling over them, .solid shot 
plunging by with resistless fury, and vengeance-seek- 
ing shells bursting in every direction. 

At the end of the time mentioned, the order, 
"charge bayonet," rang from tlie lips of the com- 
mander, and was repeated by the line officers. The 
men sprang to their feet with a thundering cheer, and 
rushed up the hill. The hail of bullets, canister and 
grape was redoubled, the soldiers fell thicker and 
faster at every step, but the survivors swept on with 
increasing pace, captured the first line of works the 
moment they were reached, pursued the flying foe 
into the second line, and cleared that, too, at the 
point of the bayonet. 

But in the meantime the second Division had been 
stopped by an unexpected swamp, thrown into con- 
fusion, and compelled to retreat with hea?y loss. All 
the enemy's fire was then concentrated on the Third 
division, and it was found utterly impossible to ad- 
vance against the third line. But the men held the 
ground they had won: keeping a constant fire on the 
rebels until nearly night, when thev were relieved by 
other troops. In this, the second battle of the regi- 
ment, more than a third of the number engaged were 
killed or wounded: captains W. W. Hutchinson and 
J. T. Philpot being slain on the field. 

The next day the battle raged furiously at various 
points along the line, but the One Hundred and Third 
was not engaged. The enemy sufliered so severely 
that he retreated during the night, leaving his elab- 
orate fortifications to the triumphant Unionists. The 
latter pursued him through Cassville, Cartcrsville, 
etc., and drove him from his works on Pumpkin Vine 
creek, where the One Hundred and Third, thougli 
under heavy artillery and picket fire, was not serious- 
ly engaged until the 2d of June. 

On that day the regiment was ordered forward and 
came to an open field, guarded on the farther side by 
a heavy line of rebel pickets behind strong breast- 
works, " Forward'' was the instant order, and for- 
ward went the depleted regiment, under quite a heavy 
fire, which wounded nine or ten of the men, easily 
capturing the advanced w^orks, and driving their oc- 
cupants back to the main line. Though the One 
Hundred and Tliird was not required to attack this 
line, vet a tremendous rain storm made the succeed- 
ing night, spent so close to the enemy that no fires 



tuukl be allowed, one of the most wretchedly menior- 
alile ill the history of the regiment. At daylight 
thev discovered that the foe had withdrawn under 
cover of the darkness, and the way was once more 
clear, at least for a short distance. 

On the loth uf .June the command again moved 
forward, and on the I'.ith the regiment was engaged 
in heavy skirmishing all day; having eight men 
killed or wounded and driving ihe enemy back to 
ilorse's Creek. The next day a small, select body of 
men, of which tlie One Hundred and Third furnished 
five, dashed across a bridge in face of the enemy, se- 
cured a foothold on the farther side and opened a 
path of which the brigade promptly availed itself. 
During the night the rebels again retreated. 

On the 8th of July the One Hundred and Third 
crossed the Chattahoochie river, the foremost troops 
of Sherman's army, and on the 20th of the same 
month, after innumerable marches and maneuvers 
among the mountains of Georgia, came into position 
before the celebrated city of Atlanta. On the 32nd 
the brigade made a desperate forced march to take 
part in the battle in which McPherson fell, but the 
Seventeenth corps had whipped the enemy before the 
reinforcements could arrive. On the 1st of August 
the brigade moved to the extreme right, and for sev- 
eral days was kept on the move for purposes unknown 
to anvbut the commander-in-chief. 

On the 28th of August the regiment, with other 
troops, abandoned its position north of Atlanta, 
moved clear around the city to the south, and began 
tearing up the railroad running in that direction. On 
tile 3rd of September these operations forced the 
evacuation of Atlanta by the enemy, and one of the 
greatest and most ditticult campaigns in the history of 
warfare was brought to a glorious and successful ter- 
mination. Immediately afterwards the One Hundred 
and Third marched to Decatur, where the men ob- 
tained a few weeks of much needed rest. Though it 
iiad not been in so many severe engagements as some 
regiments, yet the numerous marches and skirmishes 
and constant service under fire had terriljjy depleted 
the ranks; for, out of between four hundred and fifty 
and five hundred men with which the regiment started 
on the campaign, there were now but a hundred ami 
ninety-five for duty. 

At this time (September 10, 1864,) Lt. Col. Sterling 
resigned his position and Capt. Pliili]) C. Hayes was 
commissioned in his place. 

Shortly after its arrival at Decatur the gallant 
little regiment was detailed as General Schofield's 
headiiuarter guard, and after that, except on one oc- 
casion, did no more fighting. The Twenty-third 
corps went northward in pursuit of Hood, and, after 
Sherman returned to make his grand " march to the 
sea," went on in company with the Fourtlr corps to 
reinforce Gen. Thomas. At Spring Hill, Tennes- 
see, the enemy threatened tiie wagon train of the two 
corps just mentioned, when a division was interposed 
to check them. The One Hundred and Third, which 

was, of course, with the headquarter train, was or- 
dered to support a battery. As was expected, the 
rebels made a fierce attack, so fierce, in fact, that the 
division was driven back in considerable disorder. 
The battery and the One Hundred and Third, how- 
ever, held their ground, and by their deadly fire 
checked the advance of the foe until the division 
could rally, when the rebels were obliged to retire. 
The regiment was warmly complimented by both 
Gens. Schofield ami St;iuley for its brave and op- 
portune conduct. 

The regiment continued with the Twenty-third 
corps, but was prevented by its duty at headipiarters 
from taking part in the l)attles of Franklin and Nash- 
ville. After those great victories, the corps followed 
Hood for a time, but without important results. In 
January. 1805, at Mt. Pleasant, Tennessee, the One 
Hundred and Third was pi-esented by the ladies of 
Cleveland with a new flag, in place of the riddled and 
worn out banner, of which only a few tatters fluttered 
over the heads of the color-bearers. 

On the 1.5th of .January the Twenty-third corps 
started on one of those long expeditions which were 
so common during the war for the Union, but which, 
considering the ease and rapidity with which they 
were executed, had no example in the wars of the old 
world. After a trip by way of the Tennessee river, 
Cincinnati, Washington, etc., of nearly three thou- 
sand miles, the corps brought up at Fort Fisher, North 
Carolina. It then took part in the capture of Wil- 
mington, and the movements which led to the sur- 
render of Gen. Johnston and the final collapse of 
the rel)elliou, but the One Hundred and Third was 
not again brought under tire. 

On the 30th of April Col. Casement resigned, and 
Lt. Col. Hayes was commi-ssioned as colonel. 

On the 12th of June the regiment started for home. 
It met with a most unfortunate accident on the 1st 
of July the train; on which it was traveling being 
thrown off the track while crossing the mountains 
of Pennsylvania, and twenty-seven men being more 
or less injured — three or four of them fatally. The 
regiment reached Cleveland the same day, when it 
received an enthusiastic ovation and a generous ban- 
quet from the citizens. It mustered but about three 
hundred men all told, out of the gallant thousand 
who left the .same place, less than three years before. 
On the 22nd of July, 186.5. the last payments were 
made, and the One Hundred and Tliird Ohio Infantry 
was mustered out of tiie service of the United States. 



Phlip C. Hayes, eur. as Capt. July 16, ISiiJ Promoted to Lieut. Col. 

Nov. 18, IWH; to Col. June li, ISiW. Mustered out with Reg. 
James F. Sterllug. eur. Capt. Co. B. Ttli Inf. Promoted Sept. 1. im2, to 

Laeut. Col 103d Inf Resigned Sept. 10, 1864. 
Henry S. Piokands, enr. as 1st Lieut. Aug 14. 1S63. Promoted to Capt. 

Dec. 9. 1*;3. to .Major May 18. 18<)3. and to Lieut. Col. May 28, 18t5. 

Musteivd out with the Reg. 
John S. White, enr. as Adjt Aug. 18, 1883. Res. Oct. 1, 1864. 
George O Butler, enr as Asst. Sui-g. Aug. 19, 1S6-3. Res. May^J, 18i:3. 
Oeoi-ge A. Hubbard, enr. as Chaplain, Aug, 15, 186i. Res. Oct. 1, 1864. 




Barnabas Brown, enr. as Sergt. Co. D, Aug. 6, 1863. Promoted to Com. 

Sergt. Nov. 1, 1863. 
Edward J. Dewe.v, enl. Aug. 9, Co. B: app. Hosp. Steward at Camp 

Nelson, Ky. 


Franklin A. Smith, enr. Co. D. as 1st Sergt. July 3T, 186-2. Promoted to 

1st Lieut. Co. A. Aug. 15. 1863. and to Capt. Jan. 31, 1865. Mustered 

out with the Reg. June 13. 1K65. 
Michael Duncan, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 15, 1.S63. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

July 1. 1863, and to 1st Lieut. May 39. 1865. Mustered out with the 

Reg. June 13, 1865 
James M. McWilliams, enr. as Sergt. July 36, 1863. Promoted to 1st 

Sergt . , and 3d Lieut . May 9. 1863. Resigned March 18, 1864 . 
DeWitt C. Hotchkiss, enr. as 1st Sergt. July 33, 1863. Promoted to 3d 

Lieut. Nov. 34, 1863. Transf. to Co. H. 
James D Markell. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 8, 1863. 
Elias L. Bradley, enr. as Corp. July 7, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. July 1, 

1863. MusteredoutMay 3, 1865. 
Charles O. Rol.erts, enr. as Corp. Aug. S, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. July 

1. 1863. 
Wilson H. Burrell, enl. Aug. 8. 1863. Disch. June 32, 1865. 
William Ross, enl . Aug. 16, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. Sept. 1, 1863, 
Ira Henderson, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6, 1863 
William Stowell, enl. Aug. 39, 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
Joseph Perry, enl. Aug. 13, 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
John McKeen, enl. .\ug. 13, 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
Michael Collins, enl. July 7, 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
Ezra Brewster, enl. Aug. 31. 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
Charles Cole, enl. Aug. 4, 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
John B. Abraham, enl. Aug, 14. 1863. 
George .\sbelger. enl. Aug. 15, 1863. 
Alfred Adair, enl. Aug. 14, 1863. Disch. March 3, 1863. 
David Boyd. enl. .Tuly 38, 1S63. 
John Brennan. enl. July 38, 1803. 
Francis Bromley, enl. .Aug. 18. 1863. 
William Bear. enl. Aug. 31, 1863. Taken prisoner at Mill Springs, Ky,, 

Oct. 5, 1863. Paroled Jan. 16, 1865. Disch. June 30, 1865. 
William C. Benedict, enl. Aug. 8, 1863. Died at Walton, Ky., Oct. 8, 1863. 
Joseph P, Card. enl. Aug. 15, 1862. Transf. to Co. C. 
James Canfleld, enl. July 28, 1863. Mustered out May 33. 1865. 
Robert Crawford, enl. Aug 12, 1863. 
Charles M. Caldwell, enl. July 38, 1863. Killed in action at Knoxville, 

Tenn,, Nov. 25. 1,863. 
Thomas M. Connell, enl. July 31, 1863. Mustered out May 30, 1865. 
Peter Conland, enl. Aug. 13, 1803, Mustered out May 19, 1865. 
John Crane, enl, Aug, 14, 1.S63. 
.Joseph Carson, enl. Aug. 18, 1863. 
Robert Doyle, enl, Aug, 13. 1863. Taken prisoner, 
Henry Dycker, enl. .Aug. 5, 1863. 
John Derr. enl. Aug. 15, 1863. 

Albert Esty, enl. Aug. 11, 1863. Disch. May 18, 1865. 
Otis Eddy, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. 

William Eldridge, enl. Aug. 14, 1868. Died from wounds Dec. 29, 1863. 
Adam Furnace, enl. Aug. 31, 1863. 
John Goudy. enl. Aug, 15, 1862. 
Hugh Goudy. enl. Aug. 15. 1862. 
Matthew Gooby, enl. Aug. 14, 1863. 
Franklin Gould, enl. July 38. 1862 
Martin C, Gee. enl. Aug. 7, 1863, 

Oliver Hartzell, enl. July 3'i, 1862. Mustered out Tune 20, 1865. 
John Hoffman, enl. .Aug. 22, 1863 
Lucas Hannum. enl. Aug. 13. 1863. 
Edward Howard, enl. Aug, 22, 1?63. 
Charles Harrigan, enl Aug. 14, 1863. 
Charles S, Johnson, enl. July 34. 1863. 
Horace Jerome, enl. Aug. 4. 1862. 
William Kirschner. enl Aug. 14, 1862. Died from wounds at Knoxville, 

Tenn,, Dec. 3, 1863 
Alexander Leese. enl. Aug. 13, 1863. 
Henry Lush, enl. Aug. 5, 1863 
Harris P. Losey. enl .\ug, 8. 1863 
Albert Lawrence, enl, Aug. 1. 1863. 

John D. McKenzie. enl. Aug. 13, 1863. Disch. Sept. 13, 1863. 
James Mote. enl. .Uig. 15, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Nov . as, 1863. Taken 

prisoner Dec. 1863. Paroled and disch. June 13, 1865. 
Daniel McCauIey, enl. Aug. 18, 1863. 

Wilham McMannis, enl. Aug. 12. 1863. Disch. Jan. 8, 1863. 
Elisha Martin, enl. Aug. 11, 1863. 
William Muchler. enl, Aug. 15, 1863. 
Daniel O'Brien, enl, July 30, 1862. Disch. May 18, 1865. 
Sherwood Parks, enl. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Jerry Reinhart, enl. Aug. 13. 1862. 
William Silver, enl. Aug. 13, 1863. 
Daniel Seabourne, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. 
George W. Shepherd, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Joseph Snyder, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. 

John Stubbs, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Benj. F, Thompson, enl Aug. 11, 1862. Mustered out July 15, 1865. 

Basil Tiers, enl. Aug. 11, 1862, 

Dorsey Viers, enl, Aug. 11, 1863, 

Josiah Weigel. enl. Aug. 6, 1863. 

Hiram B. Ward. enl. Aug. », 1862. Taken prisoner. 

Caleb Weaver, enl, Aug 4, 1862. Disch. Jan. 8, 1863. 

Thomas Williams, enl. Aug. 9, 1863. 

Jesse Walton, enl. Aug. 13 1863, 

Rudolph Werkmeister. enl. Aug, 21, 1662. 

James Watkins, enr, as Corp, Aug. 13, 1862. 

Asa B. Watkins, enl. .Aug. 13, 1.863. Died at Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 36,1863. 

Solomon S. Drake, enr, as Corp, Aug. 8, 1863, Disch, Jan. 8, 186:3. 

Wiilliam M. Hutchinson, enr. as Capt, Killed at Resaca, Ga,, May 14, 

Albert H Spencer, enr. as 1st Sergt. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to 3nd 

Lieut. Dec, 4, 1863; to 1st Lieut. Feb. 17, 1864, and to Capt. May 38, 

1865. Mustered out with the Reg. June 13, 1865. 
Hernus Burt, enr as 1st Lieut. July 10, 1863. Died Dec. 4, 1862, at 

Frankfort. Ky. 
CorwinJ. Holt, enr. as 2nd Lieut. July 10. 1863. Prom, to 1st Lieut. 

Dec. 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. June 12, 1865 
Joseph C. Merritt, enr. a< Sergt Aug. 14, 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Transf. to Co. F, 1st Tenn. Artilleiy and made 1st Lieut. Jan 1, 1864. 
EdgarW Piper, enr. as Sergt, Aug, 4, 1862. Detached as clerk at Com- 
missary Hd, Qrs. Nov, 35, 1862. 
Dennis Lynch, enr. as Sergt. July 17, 1863. Detached as clerk Hd. Qrs. 

23d A. C Oct. 16,1863 
H. F. Smead, enr. as Corp. July 26, 1882. 
John .Merua, enr. as Corp. Aug. 2, 18S2. Detached as R. R. Guard Jan. 

11, 1864. 
James Scarr, enr. as Musician July 13, 1863. 
James Erwin, enr, as Musician Aug. 18, 1863. 
Dwight M. Cobb, enl. Aug. 32, 1863* Promoted to Sergt. 
William A. Goslin, enl. Aug, 8, 1863. Promoted to Sergt, and to Q. M, 

Sergt. July 31, 1863. 
Benton S. Hayes, enl. Aug. 11, 1863. Disch. for disability Jan. .8, 1863. 
Charles H . Jones, enl , Aug. 4, 1862. 

Albert Hill, enl. Aug. 11. 1863. Transf. to Invalid Coi-ps. 
Henry Kennard. enl. July 17, 1862. 
Sherwood H. Stilson, enl. .Aug 6, 1863. Detached as clerk at Hd. Qrs. 

Dep of the Ohio, Knoxville, Tenn . 
James W Stuart, enl. .\ug. 11, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. 
George W. Dyer, enl. July 33, 1862. 
Hiram R. Ferris, enl. July 15. 1863. 

Joseph L Heitz, enl. Aug. 9. 1862. Mustered out May 19, 1865. 
Matthew Hoetlinger, enl Aug. 11, 1863. 
Albert K. Quayle, enl. July 15, 1863. 
Charles Burt, enr. as Corp. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Edwin A Barnard, enl Aug. 9, 1862. 
Hiram Bradford, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Charles Brown, enl. Aug. 13. 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Charles L. Bonney, enl Aug 16, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps 

March 22. 1864. Mustered out June 29, 1865. 
Andrew J. Cook, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps March 

2, 1864. Mustered out June 39, 1865. 
Wilham B. Cook. enl. Aug, 16, 1862. 
Caleb H. Cook, enl. Aug. 16, 1863. 
Ozro Dwinnell, enl. Aug. 15, 1862. 

Charles H. Knapp, enl. Aug. 9. 1862. Disch. for disabiUty Jan. 8, 1863. 
Albert D Knapp, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Detailed as clerk Hd. Qrs. Dept. 

Charles F. Miller, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Henry B Northrop, enl. Aug. 12, 1863. 
William E. Romp, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Theodore Ridaker, enl, Aug. 15, 1862. 
Theodore Schneider, enl , Aug. 4, 1862. 
Thomas Stokes, enl, Aug. 15, 1863. 
John Ridaker, enl. Aug. 33. 1863. 

George J. Sheldon, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 8, 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt 
Reuben W. Stockwell, enr. as Corp. Aug. 8, 1863. 
Laites B, Page, enr. as Corp. Aug. 13, 1863. 

George Baker, enl. July 31, 1863. Disch. for disability Jan. 8, 1863. 
Stephen Burton, enl. Aug. 23, 1862. Died at Wartburg, Tenn., Sept. 4, 

Charles F. Chapman, enl. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Edward J. Dewey . (See Non-commissioned Staff. ) 
James H. Edmonds, enl. .Aug. 14, 1863. 
James S, Hendrickson. enl. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Marshal F. Hulet, enl. Aug. 16, 1863, 

Heman F. Jones, enl, Julj 36, 1863. Disch. for disability Jan. 8, 1863. 
William Johnson, enl. Aug. 15, 1862. 
William Lussenden, enl. Aug. 13, 1863. 
William Locke, enl. July 18, 1862. 



Royal W. Lane, enl. Aug. 8. 1868. Diseh. for disability AprU 20, 1863. 
Warren Lane. enl. Aug. 4, 1862. Detached as nurse at Camp Cleveland 

Oct. 12. 1882. 
William J. Lawrence, enl. Aug. 11, 1S62. Mustered out May 11, 1R6.-| 
.\rtemus T. Mills, enl. Aug 22. 1863. 

Julius Nichols, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Diseh, for disability .Ian. s, 1861. 
Lewis Prindle, enl. Aug. II. 1862, Promoted to Sergt. 
Thomas J. Poole, enl. Inly 21. 1S62. 

David A. Pardee, enl. Aug. 15. If 62. Died at Danville. Ky., .July :3, 18C.3. 
.lolui Pieper. enl. Aug 13. 1H62. 
William D. Ray. enl. Aug. 18, 1862. 
Rodolphiis X. Sabin. enl, Aug. 9. 1862. 
Fredeiick .Scbroeder, enl. Aug. 5, 1S62- 
Jautes D Segur. enl. Aug 11, 1862. 
William K Sutton, enl, Aug. S. 1862. 

Cassius M. Warner, enl. Aug. 15, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Frederick Roniun. enl. .\ug. 9, 1862, 

Aldus Cody. enr. as Corp. Aug. 4, 1862. Promoted to ,Sergt. 
George W, Brightman. enl. ,\ug. 7, 1862. 
Lewis Brooker. enl Aug. 6, 1862. 
James B. Carpenter, enl Aug. 12. 1862. Promoted to Adjt. 1st. Tenn. 

Artillery Sept. IT, ]8«i. 
Nicholas Boyer, enl. Aug. 12, 1862, Died at Tazewell, Tenn., Jan. 4, 1864. 
Louis Bartlett. enl. Aug. 6. 1862. 
Benj. F. Brinkerhoff. enr. as Corp. .Aug. 7, 1862. 
Milo H Barnum, enl. Aug. 9, 1862 
Alfred Beck, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Elisha A. Osborn, enl. Aug. 7. 1862. Priimoted to Corp. 

John L. Seniple, enr. as Capt. July IS. 1,862. Resigned Jan. «, 1863. 
Francis M. Thomas, enr. as 1st. Lieut. July 16. 1S62. Promoted to Capt. 

Jan. '.). 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. June 12, 1865. 
Jiihn F, Kennedy, enr as 2d Lieut. July 16, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lievit. 

Jan. 9. 1863. Resigned July I, 1864. 
Joseph P. Card, enl Co. A .Aug. 15, 1862 Promoted to Sergt. Maj. ; to 

2d Lieut. Co. C Jan. 9. 1K63. and to 1st Lieut. Feb. 17. 1864. Res. 

Dec. 23, 1864. 
Edward B. Reynolds, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 12, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Feb 1, 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Richard S. Blossom, enr. as 1st Sergt. July 31, 1862. Diseh. for disability 

Dec. 2. 1862. 
.lames Burt. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 6. 1862. Transf. to lasd Reg. Co. H July 

5. 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
.lohn Scoville. enr. as Sergt. .\ug 6. 1862. 
William Haskins, enr. as Corp. Aug. 16, 1862 Diseh. for disability Jan. 

H. 186.3. 
Thomas J. Cottrell. enr. as Corp. Aug. 8, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. .Ian. 

13. 1863. 
Charle» Smiih. enr. as Cor]). July 30. 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 8, 

Henry B. Lockwood. enr. as Corp. July 31. 1862. Promoted to Ser^t. 

July 1. 1863. 
William C. Nagle. enr. as Coip. Aug. 1. 1862. Diseh. for disability Aug 

17, 186:j. 
Isaac S. Moore, enr. us Corp. July 28. 1662. 
Charles R. Beckwith. enr as Corp. Aug. 'II, 1862. 
Orlando W. Wilson enr. as Corp. July 30, 1862. Diseh. for disability 

Oct. 27 1862. 
John >\ illiams, enr. as Drummer Aug. 1. 1862, Diseh, for disability .Ian. 

27. 1863. 
Jesse Thayer, enr. as Fifer Aug. 18. 1862. 
Sylvester Allen, enl Aug. 15, 1862, 

Charles Bullock, enl. Aug 7, I8ti2. Diseh. for disability March 11, 1863. 
Knoch Braiaard, enl. .Aug. 8. 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 8. 1863. 
Robert Bates, enl. August 14. 1862. 
Charles Beynor. enl. Aug. 19. 1862. 
James Bennett enl. July 31. 1862. 
Richard Cattell. enl. Aug 7. 1862. Promoted to Corp 
Felix Click, enl Aug. 14. 1862. 

Thomas Cassidy, enl. Aug. 18, 1862, Promoted toCorji, 
James Cunningham, enl. Aug. 19, 1862. Transf. to 183rd Reg., Co. H 

July 5, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Edmond F. Denison, enl. Aug. 1, 1862. Mustered out May 24, 1865. 
Silas Dean, enl .Aug. 14. 1862. Promoted to Corp 
Richard Doran, enl, Aug. 22, 1862. 
Benj. S. Franklin, enl. July 21, 1862. 
Thomas Fell. enl. July 31. 1862. Promoted to Corp 
Henry Fretter. enl Aug 9 1862 Died at Frankfort. Ky., April 8, mvi. 
John P. Fitzpatrick, enl .Aug. 11. 1862. 
John Oswald, enl. Jan. 4. 1865. Transf. to 183rd Reg.. Co. H.July 5, 

1865. Mustered out July 17. 186.5. 
John Gordon, enl. Aug II. 1862 

ThomasGribben, enl Aug, 22, 1862. Mustered out June 5, 1865. 
Joseph A. Homing, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Charles Hammon.enl. Aug. 9, 1862. 

17 i 

John Hodson, enl Aug. 13, 1862. Died at Frankfort, Ky.. Dec 24, 1862. 

James B. Hart, enl. Aug. 13. 1863. 

David Hughes, enl Aug. 18, 18<>3. 

Famcis M. Hazen. enl. Aug. 14. 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 8. 1863. 

Thomas Irvine, enl. Aug. 11,1862. Died at Knoxville. Tenn.. Nov. 26, 

186.3. from wounds rec'd in action the day before. 
Henry Knowles enl. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Henry Logan, enl. Aug. 11. 1862. 
Charles A. Morrison, enl. July 29, 1862. Transf. to 183d Reg. July 5. 1865 

Promoted to Corp. Mustered out July 12, 1865. 
Timothy Metzger, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Joseph Majo. enl. Aug. 4. 1862. 
John Mor.tanye, enl. Aug. 14. 11-62. Died at Le.xington, Ky., April 5, 

Jacob Nodine. enl. July 23. 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Kayden N'e^gli. enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 8, 1861. 
James Peasnell, enl. Aug. 12. 1802. 

Louis Rolling, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Diseh. for disability Nov. 22, 1862. 
John Sullivan, enl. July 29. 1862. 
William P. Southern, enl. July 31, 1862. 

Thomas J. Scoville. enl. Aug. 8, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 13. 1863. 
Charles Schultz, enl. Aug. II, 1862. 
Edward Strong, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Killed at seige of Knoxville, Nov. 25, 

Frederick Smith, enl. .Aug. 13, 1862. Transf to l.S.3rd Reg. Co H. July 

8, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Benjamin Sweet, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 10. 1863. 
Jacob Vomoss, enl, July 29, 1862. Mustered out May 18, 1865. 
Andrew Wager, enl July SO, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
James Welch, enl. .Aug. 1. 1862. 
John Welch, enl. Aug. 19. 1862. 
Arthur Ward, enl Aug. 22, 1862. Died at Knoxville. Tenn.. Dec. 4. 186.3, 

from wounds received in action Nov. 25. 
Davis Webster, eid. Aug. 23, 1862. Diseh. for disability Jan. 8, 1863. 
Archibald M Young, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. Promoted to Coi-p. 
Duncan McNeil, enl. .Aug. 1, 1862. 
Stephen Whitney, enl July 30, 1862. 
Alexander Wright, enl . Aug. 4, 1862. 
Joseph Lovely, enr. as JIusioian March 6. 1864. Transf. to 183rd Reg. 

Co. C. July .5, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Patrick Kelley, enl. March 17, 1864. Transf. to 183rd Reg. JulyCo. H, 

5. 1865. .Mustered out July 17, 1865. 

John T. Philpot. enr. as Capt, July 15. IHiU, Killed at Resaca, Oa., May 

14, 18(i4. 
L J. Neville, enr. as 2nd Lieut. Aug. J, lfc62. Prom, to 1st Lieut. Dec. 2, 

1862. Res. Feb. 9. 186:). 
Alanson R. Dixon, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6 1862. Clustered out May 25, 1865. 
Hilon R. Horton, enr. as Corp. Aug. 9, 1862. Mustered out June 28, 1865. 
John C. Anthony, enl. Aug. 5. 1862. Diseh. Oct. 8. 1862 
John Hunt. enl. July 22, 1862. 
William Rothen, enl. July 22. 1862. 
James Richmond, enl Aug. 9, 1862. 
Thomas Fell, enl. Aug. 8. 1863. 
John Conway, enl. .luly :iO. 1862. 

Wesley Trowbridge, eul. .Aug. 13. 1862. Mustered out May. 30, 1865, 
Morreil E. Seeley. enl. .Aug. 5, 1862. 
Franklin A. Smith, enr. as 1st Sergt. July28. 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Co. A, Aug. 15, 1,863. 
Wilbur M. Sturtevant. enr. as Sergt, .Aug, 4. 1863. Promoted to;ist Sergt. ; 

and to 2d Lieut. Ang. 25. 1863. Resigned Aug. 14, 1861. 
Barnabas Brown. (See Non-commissioned Staff.) 
Samuel M. Armour, enr. as Corp. Aug. 4. 1862. Transferred to A'et. Res' 

Corps April 1, 1865. Mustered out July 10. 1865. 
George D. Upham. enr. as Corp. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Charles B. Niece, enr. as Musician Aug. 4, 1802. Died at Blue Springs 

Tenn., Oct. 7, 1863, from wounds rec"d Oct. 5. 
Seth A. WiUey, enr. as Musician Ang. 4, 1862. Mustered out June 10. 1865. 
Josiah Averell, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. 
William M. Bosworth. enl. .Aug. 6, 1862. 
Charles H Bancroft, enl. Aug. 4, 1862. 
William H. C'aley. enl Aug. 4. 1862. 
David Cooper, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Martin Frisby. enl. -Aug. II, 1862 
Arthur O. Ford, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
George B. Ford, enl. Aug. 4. 1862. 
O. A. Gleason. enl. Aug. 6, 1863. 
R. C. Glea on, enl. Aug. 6, 1863. 
D. R. Gleason. enl. -Aug. 6. 1863. 

Almon H. Griswold. enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
George B. Goodsell. enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. 
LuciUsO Harris, enl. Aug. II, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. 
Charles 1 1 . Hubbell, enl. Aug. 6, 1802. Mustered out .May 30, 1865. 
Jason Kilby. enl. Aug. 6. IS<12. 
Abner C. King. enl. .Aug. 6. 1862 Promoted to Serg. 



Franklin Lampson, enl. Aug. 4. 18^2. Pisch. Jan. 30. 1863. 

Harvey B. Nash. enl. Aug. 6, 1362. 

Dmriel L. Ozmun, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Disch. Jan. 6. 1863. 

Augustus H. Rogers, enl. Aug. 5, 1862. Mustered out May 24. 1865. 

Robert Schuyler, enl. Aug 13. 1862 

Henry Schuyler, enl. \ug. 6. 1862. 

George W. Sheffield, enl. Aug. 20. 1862. 

Edwin Valkenburgh. enl. Aug. 6, 1862. 

Daniel W. Baker, enl. Aug. 21. 1862. 

Alvin Barker, enl. Aug. 21. 1862. 

Cornelius Courter. enl. Aug. 13. 1862. 

Henry S. Devoe. enl. Aug. 11. -862. Transt. to 2nd Battalion Tet. Res. 

Corps. Mustered out at end of term. Sept. 8. 1865, 
Henry M. Frizzell. enl. Aug 11, 1862. Mustered out May 35. 1865. 
Frederick Home. enl. Aug. 11, 1862 Mustered out June 13, 1S65. 
Ira Lowdon. Jr.. enl Aug. 11, I8«;2. Promoted to Corp. Died at Som. 

erset, Ky.. June 15, 186:1 
Franklin Lewis enl. Aug. 8. 1862. 

Ferdinand G. Parr, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Constantine Eddy, enr. as Corp. Aug. 8, 1862. Promoted to 2nd Lieut. 

Co. 1 Not. 16, 1863. 
Henry Russell, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. Mustered out May 24, 1865. 
Earl Fisher, enl. Aug. 8, 1862. Died at Frankfort. Ky.. Feb. 28, 186:5. 
Thomas Martin, enl. Aug. 6. 1862, 
Hamil'.on D. Dickey, em-, as 1st Lieut. Aug. 9. 1862. Resigned Dec. 3. 

Edn-in M. Carpenter, enl. Aug. 6. 1862. 
Miles M. Carpenter, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Died at Frankfort. Ky.. April 20, 

Hiram M. Glasier. enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Augustus Kellogg, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Elijah G. Matthews, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. 
Porter Wells, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Thomas Budd. enr. as Corp. July 28, 1862. 
John Barber, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. 
William Budd. enl. Aug. 11, 1862. 

Julius Burton, enl. Aug. 21, 1862. 1 isch. March 30, 1863. 
John Cotaper, enl. Aug. 21, 1862. 
Andrew DiUou. enl. Aug. 11, 1862. 
George Giftord. enl. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Perry Mapes, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
James Sickles, enl. Aug. 11, 18 i2. 

Moses C. Cate. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 4. 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 
William F. Hannaford, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 7, i862. Mustered out May 

11, 1865. 
Fenner Bosworth. enr. as Corp. Aug. 7, 1862. Promoted to Segt. Mus- 
tered May a.i. 1865. 
WiUiam R. Higby. enr. as Corp Aug. 7, 1862. Disch. Jan, 8, 1863, 
Melville Bull. enl. Aug. 7. 1863. 

C>tis Button, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Clustered out June 19, 1865. 
Worthy F. Bull, enl. Aug. 6. 1862. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

May 15. 1865. 
Wallace Baldwin, enl. .Vug. 6. 1862. 
Moses Barker, enl. July 22, 1862. 
Martin V. Deady, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Almon Dewey, enl. Aug. 7. 1862. 

Page M, Gore. enl. Aug. 6. 1862. Died at Frankfort, Ky., March 7, 1863. 
Lyman B. Hannaford, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
James M. Harvey, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. 
Earl Kennedy, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
George H. Lowry, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Patrick McGuire. enl. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Rufus Sibley, enl. July 24. 1862. 
Henry Shepherd, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. 
Henry Trowbridge, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Burk E. Ward. enl. Aug. 9. 1862. 

C01IPA>T K. 

George W. Tibbetts, enr. as Capt. July 16, 1862. Resigned Feb. 9, 1863. 
Charles E. Sargeant. enr. as 1st Lieut. July 16. 1862. Promoted to Capt. 

Feb. 9, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. June 12. 1865. 
Levi T. Scofleld. enr. as 2d Lieut. July 16. 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Feb. 9. 186:3, and to Capt. Nov. :», 1864, Mustered out with the Reg. 
Lewis S. DiUe, enr. as 1st Sergt. Aug. 22. 1862. Promoted to 2d Lieut. 

Feb. 9, 1863. Detached as Brig. Commissary Aug. 3, 186 i. Promoted 

to 1st Lieut- March 21, 1864, and to Capt. May 28, 1865. Mustered out 

with the Reg. 
John E, Vought, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 21, 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Feb. 9, 1863. and to 1st Lieut. May 29, I860. Mustered out with the 

Orrin M. Gates, enl. Aug. 23, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Chauncey W. Meade, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 4. 1862. 
George F. Ransom, enr as Sergt. July 18. 1862. Transf. to Tet. Res. 

Corps April 1. 1365. Mustered out July 7. 1865. 
John B. Fergus-^n. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 15, 1862. Disch. for disability 

Sept. 14. 1863 

Lucien D. Whaley, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6, 1862. Disch. for disabihty Jan, 

5. 1863. 
Oscar D. Holloway, enr. as Corp. July 18, 1862. 
Jay F. Galentine. enr. as Corp. Aug. 5, 1862. 
Martin Streibler. enr. as Corp. Aug. 11. 1862. 

William C. Perkins, enl. Aug. 11. 1862. Promoted to Corp. and to Sergt. 
James Whalen, enr. as Corp. Aug. 5, 1863. Sent to Hosp. at Islington. 

Ky.. Oct. 24. 1862. 
Charles E. Wallace, enr. as Corp. Aug. 15, 1863. Transf to Inv. Corps 

Nov. 1. I86.3. 
Lucius B Laney, enr. as Musician Aug. 13, 1863. 
Ansel Perkins, enr. as Musician July 23. 1862. 

Abel M. Wilder, eul. Aug. 22. 1863. Detached for special duty Feb. 2, 1864. 
John Andrews, enl. Aug. 14. 1862. Died at Lexington, Ky.. Nov. 7, 1863. 
-Alexander B. Allen, enl. Aug. 6. 1863. Detached for duty at Dept. Hd- 

Qrs. Nov. 34. 1863. 
James M. Abbott, enl, Aug. 22, 1863. Died at Stanford, Ky.. April 25. 186:1 
.\ndrew Bauder. enl. Aug. 13. 1863. 
Thomas H. Barrett, enl. July 19, 1862. Taken prisoner at Dandridge, 

Tenn.. Jan. 18. 1864. 
Frederick Bigler. enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Disch. for disabiUty Jan, 8. 186:3. 
David Builer. enl, A^g, 30. 1863, Disch. for disability Jan. 5. 186:3. 
Thomas Breiman. enl. Aug. 5, 1863. 
Jacob B)wer, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Transf to 19th Ohio Battery Aug. 15, 

WUliam S. Brown, enl. Aug. 22, 1863. 
Patrick Campbell, enl. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Argalous T. Cooper, enl. Aug. 14, 1362. Detached with Eng. BattaUon 

July -33, 1863. Mustered out June 20, 1865. 
Charles M. Cobb. enl. Aug. 13. 1862. Died at Frankfort. Ky .. Dec 13. 1863. 
Andrew J. Cobb, enl. Aug. 13. 1863. 
James Cobb. enl. Aug. 3, 1862. 
Andrew R. Klingman. enl, Aug, 8. 1363. 
Isaac Carpenter, enl .\ug. 4 1862. 
James Camp. enl. Aug. 15, 1863. 

Joseph Colber:. enl. Aug. 13, 1863. Died at Frankfort. Ky., Feb. 27. 1863. 
Addison B. Cotterell. enl. Atig. 9, 1862. Taken prisoner at Dandridge, 

Tenn.. Jan. 18, 1864. 
James DeL.^ng. enl. Aug. 8. 1862. Transf to Q. M. Dept. Nov 7. 1863. 
Peter Dismond. enl. -\ug. 9, 1863. 
John P. Dawson, enl, July 17. 1863, 
Stebbins B. Ely. enl. Aug. 15, 1863. 
James Freer, enl. .Vng. 8. 1862, 
John A. Freer, enl. Aug. 4, 1862, 
Edward L, Farr. enl. July 31, 1862, 
Frederick Hinckley, enl. Aug. 22. 1863. 
Don. D. Hendershott, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Transf. to Inv. Corps Nov. 1, 

William C. Johnston, enl. July 30. 1862, Disch, for disabiUty Jan. 8, 1863. 
Allen T. Jordan, enl, Aug, 14. 1863, 
James Kiely, enl, July 32. 1862. 
Edward C. Kelley. enl, Aug, 16, 1863, 

Hosea J. Lewis, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. Mustered out May 18. 1865. 
Nicholas G. Lundeberry. enL Aug. 11. 1862. Promoted to Corp. Transf. 

to the Com, Dept, Nov, 7, 1S63, 
Darius Manchester, enl. Xug. 21, 1862. 
Seth 5Iapes. enl. Aug. 11, 1863, 
Jame- M. Maple, enl. July 38. 1862. 
Henry Mott, enl. .\ug, 15, 1362. 

Walter T, Meeker, enl. Aug. 33. 1863. Disch. for disability Dec. », 186-3. 
Albert McDrath. enl. Aug. 6. 1663. 
Robert Neville, enl, Aug, 13, 1362, 
Thomas O'Connor, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Taken prisoner at Dandridge, Tenn.. 

Jan. 13. 1364. 
Jer-sme Percival. enL Aug. 15. 1362. Disch. tor disability Jan. 2:3. 186:3. 
Jabez G. Puffer. enL July 28. 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Henry Puffer, enl. .\ug. 13, 1863. 

John Quayle. enl. Aug. 4. 1363. Left sick at Somerset July 5. 1863. 
Harmon Reed, enl, Aug, 11, 1863, Taken prisoner at Dandridge, Tenn., 

Jan. IS. 1364. Died at -Vndersonville. Ga.. May 25, 1364. 
Augustus Ruby, enl. Aug. 3, 1363. 
Bingley Russell, enl. July 28. 1362 
Delos Shaw. enl. July 22. 1862, Taken prisoner at Dandridge. Tenn.. 

Jan. 13. 1364. 
William Smith, enl. Aug. 1, 1862. Taken pri&;»ner at Dandridge. Tenn., 

Jan 18. 1864. 
Henry Slater, enl. .Vug, 23, 1863. 
John SUbum, enl. .Vug. 11. 1863. Promoted to Corp. 
Daniel Smith, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Died at Frankfort. Ky., .Vpril 31, 1863. 
Abram H. Stafford, enl. Aug. 9. 1862, Promoted to Corp 
Augustus Thiemer. enL July 29, 1863, Iiied at Danville. Ky., -Vug. 17. 

William Thomas, enl, Aug, 13, 1863, 

Frederick Towsey, enl, Aug, 1:3, 1362, Disch. for disabiUty Jan. 8, 1363. 
Joseph P. tucker, enl. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Eli T. Wells, enl. Aug. 14. 1362. 
James G. Watson. enL Aug. 4, 1362. Promoted to Corp. 



Albert J. Wetberbee, enl. Aug. 15, 1802. 

Freeman W. Western, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. Died at Frankfort, Ky.. Feb. 

Vi. ISS-S. 
Thomas Worthy, enl. Aug. 1.5, 18«2. 
G.orge Weidman, enl. Aug. 21, 18ii2. 

George W. Simmons, enl. Sept. 3, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Peter Wallace, enl. Aug. 5, 1862. Mustered out July II, 1865. 
George H Weeks, eul. Aug. 11. 1862. 


Con.stantine Eddy, enr. as Corp. Co. D, Aug, 8, 1802. Prom to 2nd Lieut 
Co. F, Nov. 16, 1863. and to 1st Lieut. Sept. 1. 1SH4. Mustered out with 
the Regt. June 12. 1865. 


Moses L. M. Pei.votto. enr. as Capt. July la, 1862. Resigned Dec. a, 1862. 

Henry s. PickanJ. (See Field and Staff.) 

Charles D Rhodes, enr. as 2d Lieut. Aug 4, 1863. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Dec. 9, 1802. and to Capt. .May 25, 1804. Resigned April. 30, 1865. 
William Hall. enr. as Ist Sergt. Aug. 15. 1>62. Promoted to 2d Lieut. 

Nov. 24, 18&J, and to 1st, Lieut. Sept. 8, IHW, Mustered out with the 

Henry C. Seymour, ear. as Sergt. Aug. 4, 18t!2 Promoted to 2d Lieut. 

Dec. 9. 1862. Resigned July 29. 1863. 
Shennan B. Taft. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 18, 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

.Tan. I, 1804. 
William H. Wheelock, enr. 4s Sergt. Aug. 14. 1862. 
Adonijah Elliott enr. as Sergt. Aug 18, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut, in 

1st U. S. Col. Heavy Art. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Frank Busbmau. enr. as Corp. Aug. 15, 1802. Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 

9. 1862. 
Robert L. Heury. enr. as Corp. .\ug. 18, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 

1, 1864. 
Theodore Kemer, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Promoted to Sergt, March 1, 1864. 
Lemuel T. Denuison, enr. as Corp. Aug. 10, 1862. JIustered out Jlay 11, 

William D, Field, enr. as Corp. .\ug. 0, 1862. Disch. for disability Jlay 

0, 1NI3, 
Thomas R, Babb. enr. as Corp. July 26, 1862. 
William H. Leggett. eul. Aug. 10, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Transf. to 

Vet. Res. Corps, April 1, 1865. Mustered out Atig. 19. 1865. 
Nathan W. Hawkins, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Taken pris- 
oner Jan, 18. 1.S64. 
Thomas Farmer, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Delos W. Turner, enl. Aug. 15, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Robert Woo<lward, enl. July 30, 1862. Promoted to Corp. 
Peter Hatzell. enl Aug. 15, 1862. Promoted to Corp 
Moses -\ckley. enl. Aug. 18, 1862, 
Lucius F. Alexander, enl. Aug. 18, 1802. 

Richard Armstrong, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Diseh. for disability May 8, 1863. 
David Bacchus, enl. Aug. 6. 1862. 
Matthew Bash, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
George H. Barker, eul. Aug. 18, 1862. 
Adam Beckley. eul. July 28, 18(i2. 
Jacob Berner. enl. Aug. 4. 1862 

Calvin S Cramer, enl. Aug. 7. 1862. Mustered out -May 24, 1865. 
Benj. F, Campliell, enl. Aug. 12 1862. 

Warren J Coe, enl. Aug. 14. 1802 Died at Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 21, 1868. 
William S. Cuniming, enl. .\ug. 1 1, 1862. .Mustered out June 13, 1865. 
Lawrence T, Carroll, enl, Aug. 15, 1.S02. 
William Canty, enl. Aug 20, 1862 
John G. De Fries, enl. Aug. .5, 1802. 
Harry lie Graff, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. 
Daniel E. Daley, enl. Aug. 22,1862. Died at Lexiugton, Ky., Nov. 10, 

Charles EUsasser, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. 
Jacob Gastner. eul. Aug. 18, 1802. 
James tJage, enl, .Vug. 21, 1862. 
James Hart. enl. Aug. 2"), 1862. 

.^nsel Jordan, enl. Aug. 19, 1802. Taken prisoner Jan. 18, 1864. 
Orson Jordan, enl. Aug. 12. 186i. Mustered out June 3, 1865. 
Peter Joy. enl Aug. 14. 1862. 

Charles D. Kuapp. enl. Aug. 14. 1862. Disch. for disability June 8, 186.3. 
Joseph Kiug, enl Aug 11, 1862. Died at Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 22, 1868. 
James E. Lamb, enl. Aug. 4, 1862, 
William M. Lewis, enl. .Vug. :6. 1862. Died at Knoxville. Tenn., Dec. 12, 

l>*ti3. from wounds rec'd Nov. 25. 
Peter Leoschot, enl. Aug. 16. 1862. 
Robert Logan, enl. Aug. 21, 1862 Disch. Sept. 29. 186.3. 
Adam Miller, enl. .Vug. 13. 1862. Taken prisoner Jan. 18, 1804. 
John H. McCormick, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. 

Charles McOuire, enl. Aug. 18. 1862. Mustered out May 12, 18<i5. 
Peter Melia, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. 
John Nicely, enl. .\ug. 7. 1862. 
John Nicholson, enl. Aug. 22, 1802. 
James Pomeroy. enl. .\ug. 16, IS62. 
Levi Perrin. enl. Aug. 82, 1863. 
Alvin B. Rhodes, enl. Aug. 82, 1802. 

Peter Ryder, enl. July 84, 1862. 

John R. Reublin, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. 

John Stanley, eul. July 2:1, 1862. 

Heury Deal. enl. Aug. 21, 1862. 

Frank Shrier, enl. July 28, 1883. 

Reuben Smith, enl. Aug. 5, 1802 

Matthew Sands, enl. Aug 18, isii2. 

Jacob Spain, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Died at Knoxville, Tenn., Dec. 24, 1863, 

from wounds rec'd Nov. 2S. 
John Spencer, enl. .^ug. 20, 1S62. 
Peter Sullivan, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. 
Jerome N B. Stockwell, enl. Aug. 22, 1802. 
James Truffler, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. 
George Thorn, enl. Aug. 20, 1803. 
William Thompson, enL Aug. 23, 1862. 
John t'rbeu. enl, .Vug. 14, 1862. 
John Penstal. enl. Aug. 3, 1862. 
George Wagner, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Charles Witham, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. 
George Witham. enl. .Vug 23, 1862. 
James Wilson, enl. .Vug. 22, 1802 
William Williams, enl. Aug. 22, 1802. 
John Brennau, enl, .-Vug, 23. 1863. 
John Jones, eul, .\ug, 32. 1862. 


Delbitt C Hotchkiss. enr. as 1st Sergt. Co. A July 22, 1862. Prom, to 2d 
Lieut. Nov. 24. 1802. Transt. to Co. H July 1, 186:i, and made 1st 
Lieut. Re-igned Jan. 9, 1804. 

Frederick Ambrose enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Died April 27, 1.863. 

John Jarrett. enl. Aug. 1.1862. Taken prisoner at Dandcidge Jan. IS, 1864. 

Philip Lewis, enl, Aug. 4. 1803. Transf. to Invalid Corps Nov. 2, 1863. 

Harrison McClay, enl. Aug. 10, 1802. Promoted to Corp. Jan. 23, 1,864. 

Joseph Mathews, enl. July 25. 1H02. Died at Frankfort, Ky., March 36, 


Henry M. Stevens, enr. as Musician April 3, 1864. Transf. to 183d Reg., 

Co. D, June 12, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Thomas Allen, enl. March 13, 1804. Transf. to Co. D., 183d Reg., June 

13, 1805. Clustered out July 17. 1805. 
Henry W Baldwin, enl. March 17, 1864. Transf. to Co. D, 18.3d Reg., 

June 12. 1865 Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Henry Jl. Brainard, eul. March 10, 1S64. Transf. to Co. D, 183d Reg., 

June 13, 1805, Mustered out July 17. 1865. B. Hanna. enl. March 10. 1864. Transf. to Co. D, 183d Reg., June 

12, 1805, Mustered out July 17, 1865, 
Almon Hawn, enl Feb. 35, 1804. Transf. to Co. D, I83d Reg.. June 12 

1865, 5IU5tered out July 17, 1H05. 
Charles E. Lowman, eul. JIarch 12, 1864. Transf, to Co. D, 183d Reg., 

June 12, 1805. Mustered out July 17, 1805. 
Albert K Mixer, enl. March -33, 1864. Transf. to Co. D, 183d Reg.. June 

12, 1.865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Wilfred F. Blatherwick. eul. April 5, 1804. Transf. to Co. H. 1.83d Reg. 

July N, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1805. 
John McLaughlin, enl. Jlarch 8, 1864. Transf. to Co. H. 183d Reg., July 

8, 1805. Mustered out July 17, 1805. 
John Ruddick, enl. May 6. 1864. Transf. to Co. A, 183d Reg., June 12, 

1865. Mustered out July 17. 1865. 
Charles F. Stillman. enl. April 8, 1864. Transf. to Co. A, 183d Reg, June 

12, 1865. Mustered out July 17, I860. 
Christian Snyder, enl. March 12, 1861. Transf. to Co. A, 183d Reg., June 

12, 1865. Mustered out July 17. 1865. 
Alexander 51. Wilsou. enl March 10, 1864. Transf. to Co. A. 1M:)<| Reg., 

June 12. 1805. Mtistered out July 17. 1865. 
Charles E. Gratz. transf. from 5th Lav. Jan. 13, 18t>4. Mustered out Oct. 

17, 1864. 


Daniel M. Stearns, enl. Aug. 9, 1863. Promoted to 2d Lieut. Nov. 27, 
1803: to 1st Lieut. )Iay 9. .864. and to Capt. Co. F Feb. 28, 1805. 

Miller Fording, enl. Feb. 18, 1864. Transf. to Co. I, 183d Reg., June 23, 
1865. Mustered out July 17, 1805. 

John Henry, enl. Oct. 4, 1864. Transf. to Co. I, 183d Reg.. June 22, 1865. 
Mustered out July 17, 1865. 


Daniel M. Stearns, promoted from Co. A to Capl. Co. F Feb. 28, 11-05. 
Mustered out with the Reg. 


Daniel Boyer. enl . Feb 5. 18iM. Transf. to 183d Reg , Co. O, Jtme 15, 1^65. 

Mustered out July 17, 186.5. 
James Howard, enl. Feb 27, 1864. Transf. to 183d Reg., Co. G.. June 10, 

1865, Mustered out July IT. 1865. 
Adam Rhinehart, enl. Feb. 5, 1864. Transt. to 183d Reg , Co. O, June 15, 

1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865. 



CHAPTER X X \' 1 1 . 


When raised — Companies B and E from Cuyahoga — In Kentucky — For- 
tifying Washington— Chancellorsville— Crushing Disaster— Heavy Loss 
— Surgeon killed— Gettysburg— The First and Eleventh Corps driven 
back— Loss of the One Hundred and Seventh— Early's Attack, onthe 
Second of July— His repulse— Ftirther Loss— Capture of the Flag of 
the Louisiana "'Tigers" — Wounded Officers — A Hundred and Eleven 
Muskets left— C>1T to South Carolina— Thence to Florida— Back to South 
Carolina — Skirmishes at Devaux Neck— Capturing Artillery- On Pro- 
vost Duty— Mustered out and sent Home. 

The One Hundred and Seventh was a German regi- 
ment, raised in July and August, 18tD".i. and mustered 
in at Camp Taylor, (Cleveland,) on the 25th of the 
latter month. Company B was entirely from Cuya- 
hoga county; having a hundred and eight names on 
its roll during the war. Company E was principally 
from the same county: having sixty-sis Cuyahoga 
men in its ranks. These, with a few each in Compa- 
nies A, D, F, G, H and 1, made a total of two hun- 
dred and fifteen members of the One Hundred and 
Seventh from this county. 

The regiment moved to Coviugton, Kentucky, op- 
posite Cincinnati, in the latter part of September, 
but remained there only a short time. It was soon 
taken to Washington. D. C, and set to building for- 
tifications. Early in November it moved into Vir- 
ginia, and was soon made part of the Eleventh corps, 
commanded by Gen. Sigel. After several unimpor- 
tant marches in Northern Virginia, and after being- 
encamped at Brooks' Station during the winter, the 
Eleventh corps, then under Gen. Howard, marched 
with Hooker to the disastrous field of Chancellorsville. 
On that field the corps was assailed by the fiery legions 
of Stonewall .Jackson, its line broken and all its regi- 
ments hurled back in swift retreat. The One Hun- 
dred and Seventh had about a hundred and fifty men 
taken prisoners, besides about seventy-five killed and 
wounded. One of the few cases of a surgeon's being 
killed in action occurred at this time; Dr. C. A. 
Hartman, of Cleveland, the surgeon of the One Hun- 
dred and Seventh, being the victim. 

After a short rest the remainder of the regiment 
marched rapidly northward to aid in driving Lee 
from Pennsylvania; reaching Gettysburg on the morn- 
ing of the first of July. It was stationed on the right 
of the advanced lines of the LTuion army, and was 
speedily attacked by the enemy. As is well known, 
the two advanced corps, (the First and Eleventh, ) 
notwithstanding some successes in the beginning, 
were driven back after the death of Gen. Reynolds 
through the village of Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill; 
taking up a position there, in the afternoon, in which 
they eventually won the victory. While thus falling 
back before the enemy, about two hundred and fifty 
out of the^five hundred and fifty men of the One 
Hundred and Seventh were killed, wounded or taken 

When the army turned to bay on Cemetery Hill, 
under the leadership of Hancock and Howard, the 
shattered regiment steadily maintained its position, 
and lay on its arms during the night. 

On the '2d of July this regiment, with its corps and 
the whole Union army, firmly held the position as- 
signed to it. Just before sunset Early's command 
made a desperate assault upon the Eleventh corps, 
but was driven back after a furious hand-to-hand con- 
flict with very heavy loss. In this charge the One Hun- 
dred and Seventh had about a hundred and fifty more 
men killed and wounded. The celebrated Eighth 
Louisian "Tigers"' assailed the position held by this 
regiment, but found their masters in the sturdy Ger- 
mans of northern Ohio. In the melee Adjutant Peter 
F. Young, (now police judge of Cleveland) captured 
the battle-flagof the "Tigers, "'but was himself severely 
wounded. In the course of the battle Lieut. Col. 
Mueller was severely wounded, as were also Captain 
Steiner, (mortally) Captain Speyer, Captain Fisher, 
and several other officers. On the third day of the 
battle the One Hundred and Seventh was not seriously 

When the regiment joined iu the pursuit of the 
rebel army, it carried but a hundred and eleven mus- 
kets. With these it accompanied the forces of Gen. 
Meade into Virginia, but, as is well knov.-u. nothing 
was done to prevent the escape of Lee. 

About the 1st of August the One Hundred and 
Seventh, now somewhat stronger but still very feeble, 
sailed to South Carolina. It was stationed on Folly 
Island until Febniary, 1804, though making two 
brief excursions on to other islands in the vicinity. 
In the latter part of February it moved to Jackson- 
ville, Florida, where it remained most of the time 
until December; the monotony of camp life being un- 
broken save by a few skirmishes, and by a mid-sum- 
mer expedition of a month to Fernandina, iu tlie same 

The latter part of December the regiment was taken 
back by sea to Devaux Neck, in South Carolina. It 
remained only a few weeks, but during that time had 
several skirmishes with the enemy, in which five men 
were killed and fifteen wounded. After brief service 
at Pocataligo Station and other points in the vicinity, 
it marched to Charleston, and thence went by boat to 

On the 23d of March the regiment defeated a rebel 
force at Sumterville, capturing three pieces of artill- 
ery. Its last exploit was to capture and destroy a 
train of cars near Singleton's Plantation, with thirteen 
locomotives and a large ijuantity of ammunition, etc. 
Soon after the surrender of Lee's army the regiment 
returned to Charleston, where it acted as provost 
guard until the 10th of July. It was then mustered 
out, sent back to Cleveland and discharged. 



Seraphim Meyer, enr. as Col. Sept. 16, 186-3. Resigned because of physL 
cal disability Feb. 8, 1864. 

Charles Mueller, enr. as Lieut. Col. Aug. S2, 1868. Wounded at Gettys- 
burg. Resigned on account of disability. Oct, 32. 1863. 

George Arnold, enr. as Capt. Co. H, 34th Inf. April U. 1861. Promoted 
to Maj. lorth Inf. Aug. 86. 1868, Resigned .\ug. 81, 1863. 



August Vignos. enr. as Capt. Co. H, Sept. 6, 1862. Lost right arm at 

Gettysburg. Promoted to Maj. Aug. 21, 1863. Res. because of disa- 

bilit.v Sept. »\ 1864. 
Charles A. Hartman, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 20, lSfi2. Killed on duty at 

Chancellorsville, Va., Ala.v 2, 1.S63. 
Franz Schill, enr. as .\sst. Surg. May 13, 1864. Mustered nut with the 

Reg. July 10. ists. 


Jacob W. ^langold, enl. Sept. 25, IKtVJ. Promoted to Hosp. Steward Dec. 

2ii, iwl Mustered out with the Reg. 
Augustus Sch.vlander. enl. Sept. ft. 1862. Promoted to Hosp. Steward 

Sept. in. 1862 Disch. h>-eause of disability June 1, 1864. 
William C. Huy, enl. Sept. 30, 1.H6J. Promoted to Chief Musician Nov. i, 

18ta, Mustered out with the Reg. 
Henry N'eytheus, enr. as .Musician Aug. H, 1862. Promoted to Chief 

Musician Xov. 1, 186;?. Mustered out July 10. INti.'i. 

Joseph Muller, enl. Sept. 2:1. 18ia. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 1.3, WS. 
Mustered out April 30. 1866. 

John G. McCauley, enl. Sept. 25. 1863. Transf. to 2Sth Inf. July 13, 1865. 
Mustered out April 30, 1866. 

Jacob Ernst enl. Oct. 5, 1863. Disch. on account of disability at .Jack- 
sonville. Fla . June 11. 18tH. 

Jacob W. Mangold. (See Non-commissi<'»ned Staff.) 


August J. I)ewaldt. enr. as Capt. July 28, 1862. Wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville. Res. on account of disability March 28. 1864. 

Peter F. Young, enl. as 1st Sergt. .\ug. 15, 1862. Promoted to 2nd Lieut. 
Nov. 15, 1862 to 1st Lieut. March 6, 1863, and to Capt. Dec. 1, 1863. 
Hon. disch. Dec. 11, 1864. 

.\nton Millert. enl. as Sergt. Aug. 12, 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Jan. 
12. 1S63. to 1st Lieut. Aug. 11, 18M, to Capt. March 18, 1865. Mustered 
out July 10. 1865. 

John H. Brinker, enl. as Corp. Aug. 22, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1. 

1863, to 2nd Lieut. Oct. 16. 1863, to 1st Lieut. Jan. 15. 1864, to Capt. 
Nov. 3. 1864. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

J. Julius Sebastian, enl. as 1st Lieut. July 30, 1862. Resigned on account 

of disability March 8, 186.3. 
Gerhard H, .\lbers, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Nov. 12, 1863, 

to Sergt. Jan 1. 186 1. to 1st. Sergt. Sept. 3, 1864, to Ist Lieut. Nov. .3, 

1864. Mustered out July 10, 1S65. 

Conrad I>eubel. enl. .Vug. 14. 1862. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 26, 1862, to 
1st Sergt. Sept. 1. 1863, and to 1st Lieut. Nov. 3, 1854. Mustered out 
July 10, 1865. 

Christian Schreiner. enj. Aug. 20, 1862. Promoted to Q. M. Sergt. Sept. 

9. 1862, to 2nd Lieut? Nov. 14, 1862, to 1st Lieut. Feb. 22, 1863. Res. 
Dec. 10, 1863. 

John Mohr, enr. as 2n(l Lieut. July 25, 1862. Res. Nov. 16, 1662. 

Jacob Windelspecht, enr. as Corp. Aug. 14. 1862. Prom, to Sergt. Jan. 

1 18IV4. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
Thomas A. Griffln. enr. as Corp. .\ug. 11, 1862. Prom, to 1st Sergt. Nov. 

21, 1864. Wounded at Gettysburg July 1. 1863. Mustered out July 

10, 1865. 

Peter Kramer, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6, 1862. I'rom. to Sergt. July 1, 1863. 
Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Fridolin Hirz, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Prom, to Corp. June 1, 1863, and Sergt. 
Nov. 21, 1864. Mustered out July 10, iw.5. 

William F. Fathaner, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Prom, to Corp. Nov. 1, 1863, and 
Serge. .Sept. 3, 18i>4. Wounded at Devaux Neck Dec. 29, 1864. Mus- 
tered oui July 10, 1865. 

Charles F. Bruggemeier. enl. Aug. 22. 1862. Prom, to Cori>. Nov. 12. 
186:). Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Augustin Penser, enl. .\ug. 19. 1862 Prom, to Corp Jan. 1, 1.864. Mus- 
tered out July 10, 1865. 

John Rothermel. enl. .Aug. 18. 1862. Prom, to Corp. May 1, 18«. Mus- 
tereil out July 10. 1865. 

Daniel Seachrist. enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Prom to Corp .May 1, 1864. Mus- 
tered ont July 10, 1865. 

Andrew Lieber. enl. .\ug. 18, 1862. Prom, to Corp. Sept. 3, 18f4. .tlus- 
tered out July 10, 1865. 

Emil Zeidler, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Prom, to Corp. Nov. 1, 18tM. Mustered 
out July 10, 1865. 

Edward Weiss, enl. Aug. ", 1862. Prom, to Corp. Jan. 15, 1865. Mustered 
out July 10, 1865. 

Conrad F. Hornung. enr. as Musician Aug. 6, 1862. Mustered out with 
the Reg. 

.lohn .\lhert, enl. .\ug. 19, 1862. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg July 1, 
186:i. Rejoined the Co. Oct. 20. 1863. Mustered out July 13, 18«5. 

-Melcheor Amsler, enl. Aug. lit, 1862. Wounded at Chancellorsville 5Iay 
2, 1863. 

Henry Althoff, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Gottlieb Brown, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Mustered out July 13, 1866. 

Jacob Bless, enl. Aug. 21, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 


Charles Bohn, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Martin Diehlman, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 186.5. 
Henry Eichler, enl. Aug. 5, 1862. Wounded at Devaux Neck Dee. 29, 

1864. Mustered out July 10. 1865. 
.Jacob Furst, enl Aug. 12. 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
Andre Hug, enl. .\ug 9. 1H02. Mustered out July 10, 1865, 
Converse J. Hill, enl. Aug. 17, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865, 
.Mathias Hildebrand, enl. Aug 13, 1862 Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
John H. Hill, enl Mig. 22, 1862. Mustered out July, 18T5. 
Jean Hodel, enl Sept. 9. l'?62. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
John Hemmei ling, enr. as Sergt. Xug. 18,1862. Mustered out July 10- 

Henry Henshen, Aug. enl. 23, 1862. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg July 

1,1863 Rejoined the Co. Oct. 20, 1863. Mustered out .July 10,1865. 
Valentine Ki sel, enl. Aug. 8, 1862 Mustered out ,fuly 10, 1865. 
Peter Koch. enl. .\ug 8, 1862. Mustered out July 10. 1 63. 
Michael Kirchner, enl Aug 18. 1.862 Mustered out July 10, 1863. 
William F. Krug, enl. Aug. 16. 1862. Missing since battle of Chancellors- 
ville. May 2, 186;. 
Lewis Watson, enl. .\ug. 20, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
Jobst H. Mueller, enl. .\ug. 22, 1862. Missing since Gettysburg 
Henry Splate. enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 
.\ugust H. Stohlman. enl. Aug. 22. 1862. Mustered out June 13. 1865. 
John H. 8tiegelweier, enl. Aug. 22. 1862. Mustered out July 10. \»a. 
John Stahl. enl. .\ug. 12, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Augustin Selig, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Mustered out July 10. 1865. 
Henry Stehr. enl. .\ug. 18. 1862. Mustered out .July 10, 1863. 
.John Schneider, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. Mustered ou» .July 10, 1S63. 
Frederick Fitzemeier, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Mustered out July 10. 1.S63. 
Philip G. Vosselmann, enl. Aug. 21. 1862. Mu^^tered out July 10. 1865. 
Lewis H. Weisenborn, enl. .\ug. 18, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Peter Weber, enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Mustered out Jidy 10. 18(i5. 
Henrj- Wacker, enl. Aug. 20. 1862. Mustered out July 10. 1865. 
Conrad Weiss, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Mustered out June 30. 1865. 
Lewis Able. enr. as Corp. Aug. 11, 1862. Disch. on account of disability 

March 11. 1803. 
Peter Hoffman, enl. .4ug. 14, 1862. Promoted to Corp, .4pril 1, 1862. Dis- 
charged because of wounds received at Gettysburg. July 2, 1863. 
Adam Biadenstein. enl. Aug. IS, 1862. Disch. for disability May 15. 18:!6. 
Saul Demoline. enl. Aug. 2 , 1863. Disch. for disability Dec. 4, 1862. 
Christopher Goetz, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Disch. fordisability July -23. 186:5, 
Martin Holzbauer. enl. Aug. 19, 1862. Disch. for disability Oct. 26, 1863. 
Joseph Kol. enl. .\ug. 1.3. 1862. Disch. for disability March 18, 1863. 
Frank Lang. enl. Aug. 15, 1862. Disch. for disability Jan. 5, 1864. 
John Law, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Disch. for disability April 2;-, 1863. 
Gustav Priefer, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Disch. for disability June 10. 1864. 

Wounded at (iettysburg.'July 1, 186-3. 
Frederick Rok, enl. Aug. 19, 1862. Disch. for disability July 24, 1863. 
Leonhart Reinhart, enl. Aug. 19,1862. Disch. for disability March 18, 

Gerhart H. Schreiber, enl. Aug. 4, 1862. Disch. for disability June 15, 

Frederick H. Toensing. enl. Aug 22, 1862. Lost a leg at Gettysburg, July 

1st, and ivas disch. in consequence July 15, 1863. 
Abraham C. Langacre, enl. Aug. 16. 1862. Disch. for disability June 25, 

Joseph Livingston, enl. Dec. 3, 1863. Mustered out July 13, Ihib. 
Henry Young, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 16, lf62. Wounded at Gettysburg 

July 1, 1863. Was transf. March 7, 18f4 to the Invalid Corps. 
John W. Joven. enr. as Musician JIarch 17, 1864. Transf. to 25th Inf. 

July 2, 1865. Mustered out 30th .\pril. 1866. 
Stephen Alge, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 1, 186.3. Transf. 

to 25th Inf. July 2. 18t!5. Disch. at expiration of term Oct. 9, 1865. 
John Fry, enl. Aug. 4, 1862. Mustered out July 18. 1865. 
Gustav A, .\ugspuiger, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. Jul.v 2, 

1865. Disch. at end of term Oct. 9, lf65. 
Patrick Calalian, enl. March 17, 1864. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. 

Mustered . ut .\piil 30. 1866. 
Alois Daul, enl. .\ug. 13, 1862. Transf. Marc h 15. 1m;4, to Invalid Corps 

Mustered out.mne 26, 18ii5. 
Patrick Dillon, enl. Nov. 12, 1863. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. Disch 

Feb. 24, 1866. 
Ernst H. Fblhauer, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg July 1. 

1863. . Trans. Jan. 10, 1865, to Invalid Corps. Mustered out June 17. 

Gabriel Fertig, enl. Oct. 7, 1862. Transf. to -i'lih Inf. July 2, 1865. Mus 

tered out .\ug. 1, 18(K. 
Henry Fight, enl. Dec. 21, IMS. Transf. to 2.">th Inf. July 2, l.%.j. Mus, 

tered out .Vpril W. 1H66. 
James Goudy. enl. Nov. 27, \Ha. Transf. to illh Inf. July 2, 1N6S. Mus- 
tered out .\pril 30. lwi6. 
Andrew Ganter, enl. Aug. 1, I^C4. Trantf. to 2.5th Inf. July 2, 1865. Mus- 
tered out .Vpril 30, 1866. 
Peter Hirz, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Transf. to 2".th Inf. July 2. 1H65. Mustered 

out -Vug. 26, ISKi. 
Anton Hillerick, enl. Nov. 21. 1fH3. Transf. to 23th Inf July 2. 1865. 

Disch. Nov. 4, 186.5. 



John H. Hqrst, enl. Oct. 7, 1862. Traust. to 2och .uf. July 2, 1863. Disch. 

Nov. 4, 1863. 
William C. Huy. (See Xon-commissioned Staff.) 
William Lauchly, enl. Dec. 13, 1863. Transf. to 35tli Int. July i. 18^5. 

5Iustered out April 30, 1866. 
Michael Maloney. enl. Nov. 13, 1863. Transf. to Soth Inf. July 2, 1863. 

Died at Chester, S. C, Oct. IS, 1865. 
John McCormick, enl. Nov. 29. 18e3. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2. 1865. 

Mustered out Api'il 30. 18613. 
George Mueller, enl. March 15, 1864. Tiansf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865, 

Mustered out April 30, 1866. 
Christoph Mario, enl. Dec. 30, 1^63. Transf. to 23th Int. July 2, 1865. 

Died Aug. 3, 1865. 
William Pluss. enl. Oct. 7, 1863. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2. 1865. Mus- 
tered out Aug. 1. 1863. 
Samuel Pfister, enl. Dec. 31, 1863. Transf. loasth Int. July 2, 1865. Mus- 
tered out April 30, 1866. 
William Pendleton, enl. Die. 31, 186.3. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. 

Mustered out .\pril 30, 1866. 
James Pendleton, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 3. 1865. 

Disch. Nov. 11, 1865. 
Frederick Prasse, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2. 1865. Mus- 
tered out Aug. 4. 1865. 
Henry Rasp. enl. Oct. IT, 1862. Transf. to Invalid Corps Nov. 26, 18ia. 

Clustered out Aug. 2, 1863. 
Frank Rothermel, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg. Transf. 

to Invalid Corps March 14, 1864. 
Frederick W. Schaffer, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg July 

1, 1863. Transf. to Invalid Corps Jan 10, 1863. 
John Schaab, eol. Oct. 20, 1862. Transf. to 83th Inf. July 2, 1865. Disch. 

at end of term Oct. 30, 1865. 
John Schu-ehl, enl. Sep:. 30, 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. 

Disch. Sept. 30, 18C5. 
Gottlieb Schwartz, enl. Sept. 30. 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2. 1865. 

Mustered out Aug. 1, 1865. 
Julius Schoeueweg. enl. Jan. 18, 1864. Transf. to 35th Inf. July 2, 1863. 

Mustered out 30th April, 1866. 
John Traxel, enl. Dec. 31, 1863. Transf. to 35th Inf. July 2, 1865. Mus- 

teied out 30th April. 1866. 
Christian Wanger. enl. Dec. 29, 1863. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 3, 1865. 

Mustei-ed out 30ih April. 1866. 
John Wanger. enl. Dec. 31, 1863. Transf. to 2.5th Inf. July 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out 30ih April, 1866. 
Hermann Wehagen. enl. Jan. 6, 1864. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 3, 1865. 

Mustered out 30th April. 1866. 
Frederick W. Weber, enl. Oct. 7, 1862. Wounded at Chaucellorsville. 

Transf. to Invalid Corps March 15. 1864. 
Matthias Fry. enr. as Sergt. Aug. 17, 1862. Died July 18, 1.863 of wounds 

received at Gettysburg July 1st. 
Frank H. Prasse, enl. Aug. 32, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 28, 1862. 

Killed at Chaucellorsville May 2, 1863. 
John I. err, enl. Oct. 7, 1863. Killed at Devaux Neck Dec. 29, 1864. 
William H. Heiss, enl. Aug. 22. 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg, July 1, 

1863. Died of typhoid fever Aug. 22. 1863. 

John Jacob, enl. AUg. 6, 1862. Died in hospital at Cincinnati, April 22, 

Frederick Kroll. enl. Aug. 23, 1862. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg, and 

died in prison at Richmond, Va., Nov. 3, 1863. 
Christoph Riehm, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Died at Folly Island, S C Sept 

18, 1863. 
Matthias Wokaty, enl. Aug. 14. 1863. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg July 

1.1863 Died at Annapolis. Md, April 2, 18ft4. 
Christian Rebman, enl. as Coip. Aug. 12, 1863. Missing from May 2, 1863. 


John T. Lohn, enl. Aug. 23 1863. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg July 1 


Otto Weber, enr. as 1st Lieut, and Adjt. Prom, to Capt. Dec. 33. 1863. 

Resigned on account of disability March 6, 1863. Re-commissioned 

as Capt. April 3. 1863, and mustered out with the Reg. 
John M. Lutz, enr. as 3d Lieut. July 28, 1862. Prom, to 1st Lieut. Oct. 13. 

1862. and to Capt. May I, 1863. Resigned on account of disability 

Aug. 30, 1864. 
John J. Houck, enl. as Sergt. Aug. 19, 1862. Prom, to 1st Lieut. Aug. 11, 

1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 10th July, 1863. 

i3eorge Kunz. enl. Aug. 8, 1,862. Prom, to Corp. Oct. 14, 1862; to Sergt. 

Nov. 1, 1.863; and to 1st Sergt. Sept. 3, 1864. Mustered out with Reg. 
Philip Geist. enl. Aug. 11, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 14, 1862, and to 

Sergt, Dec. 16. 1862 Mustered out with the Reg. 
Henry Deuble. enl. as Corp. Aug. 5, l-r62. Prom, to Sergt. Aug. 34, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Reg. 
John A. Feuerstein, enl. as Corp. Aug 13, 1862. Prom, to Sergt. Sept. 3, 

1864. Mustered out the Reg. 
Sigmund Rosenfeld, enl as Corp. Aug. 5, 1862. Mustered out with Reg. 
John Fenz, enl. as Corp. Aug. 5, 1,862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

John Buechler, enl. Aug. 12, 18ii2. Prom, to Cor]). Jan. 18, 1863. Wounded 
at Gettysburg July 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Joseph Rothgesy, enl. Aug. 22, 1863. Prom, to Corporal Feb. 19, 1863. 
Mustered out with the Reg. 

John B. h Hen, enl. as Corp. Aug. 18, 1662. Mustered out with the Reg. 

John Busick. enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Mustered out with the Keg. 

Charles Buertner, enl. Aug. 32. 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Henry Froehlick, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Henry Feldkamp enr. as .Sergt. Aug. 14. 1862. Mustered out with Reg. 

Jacob Jucker, enl. Aug. 7. 1862. Muste: ed out with the Reg. 

Adam Kleinsmidt, eul. Aug. 23, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Ernst Loock, enl. Aug. 18, 1,863. Missing from Gettysburg, .luly 1, 1863. 

Henry Ruhl, enl. Aug. 31, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Emil Umlauft, enr, as 1st Sergt. Aug. 2, 1862. Mustered out with the 

Jacob Weislogel, enl. Aug. 7, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg, 

Philip Zenger, enl. Aug. 82, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. July 10, 

John Schrink. enr. as Capt. .July 3,1 1863, Resigned because of disabil- 
ity Nov. 30. 1862. 

Christian Greenwald, enl. Aue. 4, 1862. Disch. for disability Jan. 5, 1863. 

Marx Haberer, enl. Aug. 22. 1863. Disch. for dij-ability Feb. 23, 1863. 

Louis Ras, enl. Aug. 80, 18.>3. Disch. tor disability Nov. 29. 1862. 

Ferdinand Schrink, enl. Sept. 12, 1862. Disch. for disabihty Dec. 16, 

John Sanders, eul. Aug. 8, 1862. Disch. for disability July 15, 1883. 

Frederick Timm. enl. Aug. 18, 1862. Disch. for disability March 12, 1863. 

Carl Beyerly. enl. Aug. 2, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps, Nov. 19, 1863. 

Philip Schwartz, enl. Aug. 19, 1.862. Mustered out July 8, 1865. 

John Brown, enl. Jan. 37, 1864. Transf. to 35th Inf. July 8, 1865. Mus- 
tered out Nov. 7, 1865. 

Plait Benjamin, enl. Feb. 16, 1864. Transf. to 85th Inf. July 2, 1865. Mus- 
tered out Nov. 7, 1865. 

John Crane, enl. Jan. 5, 1864. Transf. to SSth Inf. July 2, 1863. Promoted 
to Corp. Oct. 1, 1865. Reported sick in Hospital March 1, 1866. 

Jocob Danzer, enl. Sept. 30, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. .30, 

George Ellsworth, enl. ,ran. 5, 1864. Transf. to 23th Inf. July 3, 1865. 
Mustered April 30, 1866. 

Christian Gobel, enl. Sept. 3), 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 1, 
1863. Mustered out June 2S. 1865. 

George Hugiil, enl. April 6, 18W. Transf. to 33th Int. July 3, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 86, 1863. 

Henry Hoffman, enl. Aug. 15. 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps July 87, 

1863, Clustered out June 36, 18(i5. 

Jacob Hanri. eul. Aug. 32, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 23, 18&4. 
Jacob Luder, enl. Aug. 11,1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps March 15, 

John Mueller, enl. Aug. 21, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps March 15, 

1864. Mustered out June 39, 1,S65. 

George Ody. enl. Feb. 15, 1864. Transf. to 35th Inf. July 3, 1H65. Mus- 
tered out Nov. 7, 1865. 

Joseph Sheppard, enl. Oct. 16, 1863. 

Claus Verseman, eul. Aug. 32. 1863. Trans*, to Vet. Res. Coi*ps March 
31, WW, Mustered out June 27, 1865, 

Gotf ried Weidenkopf, enl. Oct. 16, 18i)2. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. 
Mustered out Oct. 15, 1865. 

John Zahn, enl. Aug. 32. 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corjjs March 15, 

Christian Faifel, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 14, 1863. Died July 18, 1863, from 
wounds received at Gettysburg, July 1. 

Jacob Hof, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Died July 4, 1863 from wounds rec'd at 

John A. Lamly, enl. Aug. 2, 1863^ Died at Brook's Station, Va., May 19, 

Anton Martin, enl. Aug. 83, 1862. Killed at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. 

Martin Schmidt, enl. Oct. 16, 1862. Died at Spafford C. H., Va., Jan. 84, 

Jacob Snyder, enl. Aug. 19, 1853. Killed at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. 

Henry B:iukmau, enl. Aug. 30. 1863. Mustered out July 10, 1863. 

Andrew Gaul, enl. Aug. 15, 1863. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Jacob Kaspars, eul. Aug. 22, 1862. Clustered out July 10, 1865. 

-Miles Jlullen, enl. .\ug. 20, 1862. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

John A, Beltz, enl. Aug. 21, 1862. Disch. for disability Sept. 23, 1863. 

Michael Tolman, enl. Aug. 32. 1862. Disch. for disability July 84, 1863. 

John Oswalt, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 3, 1864. Mus- 
tered out with the Reg. July 10, 1865. 

William Peter, enl. Aug. 7, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Henry L. Norris, enl. Aug, 33, 1863, Disch, for disability June 10, 18G4. 

Jacob Nau, enl. Aug. 10. 1863. Disch. for disability April 18, 1863. 

Frank Ruppender. enl. Aug. 5, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 19, 1863. 
and to Sergt. July 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. July 10, 1865. 

Jacob Bash, enl. Aug. 15, 1863. Promoted to Corporal January 18, 1863. 
Wounded at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 

Michael Frank, enl. Aug. 13, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg 

Jacob Halfalder, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 

John Puchola, enl, Aug, 13. 1862, Mustered out with the Reg. 



Martin Ruppender, enl. Aug. 9. 18(i2. Mustered out with tlie Reg. 

Christian Linlj. enl. Aug. 15. ISiii. Disch. because of physical disability 
Marcli 19, lSii3. 

Albert Mueller, enl. Aug. 10. IsiK Traiist. to Vet. Res. Corps March 15, 

Henry NVaichenand, enl, July 31, 1862. Transf . to Vet . Res. Corps Sept. 
1. l«i:i. 

Charles Jones, enl. Jan. 29. 1864. Transf. to 2oth Inf. July 2, 186.5. Mus- 
tered out SOth .\pril. lf<66. 


John G. Fott, enl. Aug. I, 1862. Mustered out 10th July, 1865. 
Matthias Wagner, enl, .^ug. 22. 1862. Mustered out 10th July, 1865. 
Klaus Dienst, enl Jan. i:i, 1865. Transf. to 25th Int. July 2, 1^65. 1 isch. 

at end of term Jan. 13. 1866. 
Henry Neytheus, (See Xon-coni. Staff.) 
William F, Emmert, enl. Aug 14, 1862. Disch. for disability Aug. 25, 

18»>1 Re-enlisted and promoted to Corp, Aug. 24, 1864. Mustered 

out with the Reg. July 10, 1865. 
Peter Schoiles, enl. .\ug. 18, 1862. Mustered out March IT, 1865. 
William Paol. enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Henry Bechtel, enl. Sept, 13, 1.862. Killed at Gettysburg July 1, 186;i. 
Christian Berger, enl. Aug, 14, 18r2 Died at Folly Island, Oct. 8, 1^63.] 
Christian Meier, enl. Sept. 10, 1862. Died in Hospital at Charleston. S. C, 

April 19, 1865. 


John Bahl, enl. Sept, 19, 1862. Taken prisoner at Gettysburg, 

George Rahrig, enl. Sept. 9, 1862. Wounded at Chancellorsville. May 2. 


Rudolph H. Schimpflf, enl. Sept. 9, 1862. Disch. because of disabihty 

Nov. 2. I8W. 
Charles Wimar, enr. Sergt. Aug. 22, 1862. Disch, April 9, 1863, 
Thomas Walter, enl. Sept. 9, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 5, 

George Jlerrick, enl. Aug. 22, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Coips, Aug. 'M, 

Reinhard Creeger, enl. Aug. 20, 1862. Captured at Chancellorsville May 

2, ISKJ. 
Gottfried Zisky. enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Disch. for disability July Hi, 1863. 
Edward Johnson, enl. Dec. 9, 1863. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. 

Mustered out April 30, 1866. 
Charles Lynes, enl. Nov. 16, 1864. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865 

Disch, Nov. 15, 1865. 
Joseph Juchern. enl. Oct. 29, 1802. Killed at Gettysburg. July 1, 1863. 


August Vignos. 1 See Field and Staflf , 1 
Augustus Sohylander. (See Non-Corn. Staff.) 

Theodore Baldinger, enr. as Musician March 26, 1864. Transf. to 25th 
Inf. July 2, 1865. Disch. for disability Aug. 1, 1885. 

Louis Schoeneweg. enl. Sept. 9. 1862. Disch. Aug. 18, 1863, on account of 
disability. Re-enlisted in Co. B as priv. Dec. 24, 1863. Promoted to 
Corp. Jan. 15. 1865. Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Gottlieb Muntz, enl. Oct. 2. 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. June 2, 1865. Disch 
Oct. 2. 1M65. 

John Schorr enl. Nov. 1, 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. June 2, 18t)5. Disch. 
Nov. 1. 1865. 

Gottlieb Aftolder, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., 
May 2, 186;). Mustered out June, 1865. 

Gordian Speck, enl .\ug. 5, 1862. Promoted to Corp. .^pril 18, 1863. 
Mustered out July 10, 1865. 

Richard Feederle, enr. as Capt. Sept. 6, 1862. Res. May 12, 1863. 

Robert Dietzold, enl. Oct. 20, 1862. Transf. to 25th Inf. July 2, 1865. Mus- 
tered out Nov. 7, 1865. 

John Ley, enl. Oct. 11, 18e3 Transf. to 26th Inf July 2, 1865. Mustered 
out .\ug. 2, 18ti5. 


This regiment liad but thirteeu members from Cuy- 
ahoga couuty. It served from the autumn of 18G3 to 
tlie summer of I860, in Kentucky aud Tennessee, 
iK'iug divided into detachments, some of wliich were 
employed to garrison block-houses, wiiile others were 
mounted and sent to chase guerrillas. The rebels 
several times attacked the block-houses garrisoned 
by the One Hundred and Fifteenth; capturing them 
aljout half the time, and being defeated the other 
lialf. A l>attalion of tliis regiment was at Murfiees- 1 

boro when it was attacked by Gen. Buford, in De- 
cember, 1864, and aided in utterly defeating the 
rebels. Eighty-three paroled prisoners of the regi- 
ment lost their lives by the explo.-;iou of the steamer 
Sultana, on the Mississippi, near Memphis. Dis- 
banded in July, 1865. 



Orin A. Bishop, enl. Feb. 13, 1865. Transf. to Co. C, 18Sth Reg. June 2T, 

Harmon H. Bliss, enl. Feb. 13, 1865. Transf. to Co. C, IWith Reg. June 

27, 1865. JIustered out Sept. 21, 1S65. 
Francis W. Bliss, enl. Feb. 13, 1885. Transf. to Co. C, 188th Reg. June 

27, 1865. Disch. Sept. 5, 1865. 
Jeremiah H. Craumer, enl. Feb. 13, 1865. Transf. to Co. C, 188th Reg. 

June 27, 1865. Mustered out Sept. 21, 1885. 
Barney Conley, enl. Aug. 20, 1864. Taken prisoner Dec. 15, 18W. 
Abraham Truby, enl. Feb. 24, 1.864. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 1864. 
John Wilkins, enl Feb. 15, 1865. Transf. to Co. C, 188th Reg. June 27, 

1865. Mustered out Sept. 21, 1865. 
James L. Cook, enl. Aug. 20, 1864. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 18M. Mus- 
tered out May 20, 1865. 
Washington Moon, enl. Aug. 17, 1864. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 1884. 

Mustered out May 20, 1865. 
James C. Cook, enl. Aug. 20, 1854. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 1864 Lost on 

tlie Sultana .\pril 27, 1885. 
John Fitzwater, enl. Feb, 36, 1864. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 1864. Died in 

prison ai Meredian, Miss., Jan. 1, 1865. 
Christopher Maley. enl, Aug, 20, 1864. Taken prisoner Dec. 5, 1864. Lost 

on the Sultana April 27, 1865. 

Albert A. Herkner, enl. Jan. 12, 1.865. Transf. to Co. G. 183th Reg. Feb. 

6, 1865. Mustered out Sept 21, 1865, 
William Peat, enl, March 8, 1864 



One of the Largest Three-Years Contingents from Cuyahoga— Number 
in the Regiment and in the Companies— Slow Recruiting— The Field 
Officers— Stationed at Franklin — .\ Dangerous Reconnoisance— The 
Unionists defeated— The Regiment saves the Artillery, etc.— Sickness- 
Moving to Manchester- Over the Mountains— The Begiuniug of chick- 
amauga— Furious Firing— Steadiness of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
fourth— Change of Position— The Front Line gives way— Slowly falling 
back— The Next Day— Building Breastworks- Repelling the Enemy— 
Helping Harker— The Rebels again Repulsed— <jeneral Defeat of Rose- 
crans' Army— The Retreat-Loss of this Regiment— The Capture of 
Racoon Mountain— The Advance— .attacking Mission Ridge— ( 'aptur- 
ing the First Works Up the Mountain— Complete Victory -Seven 
Cannon captured— The Regiment's Loss-Relieving Knoxville— Hard- 
sliips of the Winter— The .\tlanta Campaign— Rocky Face Ridge and 
New Hope Church— Col. Payne a Brigade Commander— Siege and 
Capture of .\tlanta— After Hood— Battle of Nashville— Subs>'c|uent 
Services— Mustered out and disbanded 

One of the largest contingents furnished by Cuya- 
hoga county to any three-years regiment was tiiat 
which entered the ranks of the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Ohio Infantry. The total number dur- 
ing the war was four hundred and eigluy-eigiit; of 
whom a hundred and ten were in Co. A; three in Co. 
B; eighty in C: twenty-five in D ; tliirty-three in E; 
sixty-eight lu F ; twenty-one in O ; seventy-four in 
H ; si.\ in I ; aud si.\ty-tn'o in K. There were also 
seven in the field and staff, on the original roster, l)e- 
sides those subsenuently transferred from the com- 
panies. Thus it will be seen that Cuyahoga was rep- 
resented in every company; even in Co. I, wiiich was 



raised in Cincinnati. All the other companies were 
recruited in northern Ohio. 

Owing to the immense drain already made on the 
county, the raising of the regiment was a slow and 
arduous task; having been begun in July, 1863, and 
being hardly completed on the first day of January, 
1863, when the command marched into Cleveland 
from its rendezvous at Camp Taylor and took the 
cars for Kentucky. Its field officers were Oliver H. 
Payne, colonel : James Pickands, lieutnant-colouel : 
and James B. Hampson, (previously a captain in the 
First Infantry,) major. 

It had but seven hundred and fifty men when it left 
Cleveland, but the addition of the Cincinnati com- 
pany brought it up to the minimum regimental size. 

After a short stay at Elizabethtown and Louisville, 
Ky., the regiment went by st«amer down the Ohio 
and up the Cumberland to Nashville. Thence it 
marched to Franklin, Tennessee, which place was the 
headquarters of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth, 
until the following June. On the 5th of March 
the regiment as a part of a temporary brigade com- 
manded by General Colburn, while on a reconnoisance 
to the southward, was met by a heavy force of the 
enemy and a hard battle of two hours length ensued, 
in which the Union forces were badly defeated. The 
One Hundred and Twenty-fourth was ordered to 
guard the ammunition train, and did so with great 
fidelity, but, on that account, was not engaged in the 
main part of the fight. Although General Colburn 
and more than half his men were captured, the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fourth succeeded in saving not 
only the train but the artillery. 

During the remainder of its stay at Franklin the 
regiment suffered severely from sickness, but never- 
theless made great progress in its drill, and also aided 
in building several important fortifications. On the 
2nd of June it moved forward, and after a mouth's 
marching and countermarching went into camp at 
^lanchester, Tennessee. At Readyville, just previous 
to this, the One Hundred and Twenty-fourtli was 
assigned to Gen. Hazen's celebrated brigade, the for- 
tunes of which it afterwards shared. The regiment, 
being in a rich agricultural country, lived well while 
at Manchester, recovered its healtli, and at the same 
time maintained a high standard of military efficiency. 
On the 16th of August the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth moved forward with Rosecrans" army, 
crossed the Cumberland mountains, rested a fortnight 
in the Sequatchie valley, forded the Tennessee river 
on the night of the 9th of September, and the next 
day camped at Lee & Gordon's mills. After another 
week of waiting and reconnoitering, on the morning 
of the 19tli of September the battle of Chickamauga 

While the One Hundred and Twenty-fourtli was 
standing to arms on the State road, heavy firing was 
heard on the left front. At eleven o'clock the regi- 
ment took ground to the left and then advanced 
toward the enemv. In a short time the rebel bullets 

began to whistle over the heads of the soldiers. The 
regiment immediately deployed into line of battle 
with great coolness, although every instant the rebel 
fire increased, becoming murderous by the time the 
line was completed, and although this was the first 
time the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth had been 
seriously engaged. 

The battle now raged with deadly energy. The 
regiment which is the subject of this chapter stood 
up to its work as steadily as the best-seasoned veterans 
of the army, and for hours returned the rebel fire 
with volley for volley, until all its ammunition was 
expended and it was relieved foi- the purpose of 
allowing the men to replenish their cartridge-boxes. 
This being done, they again advanced and directed 
their fire against the enemy. 

After another period of furious fighting, the regi- 
ment was placed on the left of the brigade, in the sec- 
ond line. Scarcely was this done when the front line 
gave way for a long distance, and a crowd of de- 
moralized men came rushing back through the ranks 
of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth, followed by 
the exultant confederates, who made the welkin ring 
with the well-known "rebel yell." Yet the regiment 
still stood firm, and returned their fire with deadly 
aim; being aided by two batteries on its left. On 
its right, however, the second line had also given 
way, and the One Handred and Twenty-fourth was 
also obliged to retire. It did so, however, slowly and 
in good order, delivering volley after volley, and com- 
pelling the rebels to halt and reform their lines; thus 
giving to the L^nionists time to rally, and in fact per- 
manentlv checking the Confederate advance at that 

Just at dark heavy firing war again heard on the 
left, and the regiment moved in that direction. But 
the darkness soon put a stop to the battle, and the 
wearied men of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth 
lay down to rest with their arms by their sides, only 
a short distance from the front of one of the rebel 

The next morning the men were up at dawn, and 
immediatelv improvised a breastwork of logs and rails, 
from behind which to check the foe. The latter soon 
appeared, and again the battle began. The rebels 
came rushing on with all their well-known impetuos- 
ity; striving with desperate energy to carry the breast- 
work and to capture a battery which was stationed on 
the right of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth. 
But the grape and canister of the battery and the 
bullets of the regiment were too much for even the 
fiei7 valor of the Southern legions, and again, and 
again they were driven back with terrible loss from 
the slight but well-manned rampart of logs and rails. 
About three o'clock in the afternoon they gave up 
the task and retired. 

The regiment was then moved to the right in sup- 
port of Barker's brigade, and was soon in front of 
the enemy. He was crowding hard upon the brigade 
just mentioned but an accurate and sustained fire 



from the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth soon 
caused him to retire. The same result followed 
when he ajipeareil on tiie right: the regiment chang- 
ing front and pouring in its vollies witii deadly effect. 

But it was now nearly dark, and the battle as a 
whole iiad been extremely disastrous to tlie national 
arms. Many regiments were entirely broken up, and 
both Crittenden's and McCook's corps were so badly 
shattered that a retreat v/as deemed absolutely ne- 
cessary. Accordingly, after dark, the One Hundred 
and Twenty-fourth with numerous other regiments 
took the road to Rossville: lying in line of battle at 
that point during the night. The next day it was in 
line under artillery fire, covering the withdrawal of 
the trains. It again retreated at night, and on the 
next day — the 'i'id of September — encamped with the 
rest of the army at (."hattanooga. The entire loss of the 
already thin regiment, in killed, wounded and miss- 
ing, during tiie battle, was one hundred atid forty; 
the cvmimander, Colonel Payne, being among the 

At Chattanooga, the army was on half rations for 
a short time, but was relieved on the appearance of 
Grant, Sherman and Hooker, with large reinforce- 
ments from Vicksburg and the East, when communi- 
cation was opened with the north. 

The regiment took i>art, on tiie night of the 26th 
of October, in the important movement of Hazen's 
brigade which enabled Hooker to reach Chattanooga. 
The oommand slipj)ed quietly down the Tennessee 
past the rebel sentries, landed, and in spite of the 
heavy fire opened ujion it as soon as it was discovered, 
rushed up the acclivity and took possession of 
Racoon mountain, a short distance below Lookout. 
A pontoon bridge was quickly built over the river — 
notwithstanding several vigorous but fruitless attacks 
of the enemy made in the etfort to prevent it — on 
which Hooker's two corps crossed, and passed on to 

After returning to Chattanooga and lying there 
nearly another month, the One Hundred and Twenty- 
fourth advanced in the front line of battle on the 
■23d of November, and aided in capturing the range 
of hills lying in front of ^Mission Ridge driving away 
the enemy, taking possession of his works, and imme- 
diately throwing uji fortifications facing the other 
way, toward the frowning heights of Mission Ridge, 
from which the men were annoyed, but not much 
retarded, by a heavy fire of artillery. 

Hooker's battle of Lookout Mountain occupied the 
next day, but on the afternoon of the 25th the whole 
army advanced, at the signal of si.\ cannon shots 
fired in rapid succession, and moved swiftly toward 
the great rebel stronghold of Mission Ridge, one of 
the strongest positions in the world by nature, and 
fortified by Bragg's army through months of labor. 
The advanced works of the Confederates were situ- 
ated at the foot of the ridge. In front of the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fourth there was an open field, 
over a third of a mile wide, which was swejit by the 

18 a 

fire of the enemy. The regiment pushed rapidly for- 
ward over this space, firing as it advanced, and soon 
had the satisfaction of seeing some of the rebels re- 
treat up the mountiiin. The men rushed forward 
with a cheer, cajitured the works in an instant, and 
at once opened a heavy fire on the retreating Confed- 
erates. The latter, however — those of them who 
did not fall before the Union bullets — soon reached 
the shelter of the works on the top of the ridge, 
and the occupants of the latter soon opened a mur- 
derous artillery fire on the position of the One llun- 
di'ed and Twenty-fourth. 

The situation was precarious. The commander of 
the regiment did not understand his orders to reach 
beyond the capture of the works at the foot of the 
I'idge. But the men did not feel like lying there un- 
der fire long, and in a very short time officers and 
soldiers by a unanimous impulse raised a shout and 
began scrambling up the mountain. Ciunon balls, 
grape, canister and rifle bullets came tearing amongst 
them, but on they, went, cheered by the sight of their 
comrades on either side engaged in the same task, and 
ill a short time the whole long but irregular line 
reached the top of the ridge, dashed forward against 
the rebel breastworks, carried them with scarcely a 
moment's pause, and turned the cannon which had 
defended them against their late possessors. Seven 
])ieces of artillery were the prize of the One Hundred 
and Twenty-fourth Ohio. 

Twenty-three men were killed in the charge and 
only four wounded. This was a remarkable reversal 
of the usual results, as there were generally four 
times as many wounded as killed. It was probably 
due to the fact that the rebels, stationed on the moun- 
tain, generally shot over their opponents, but when 
they did hit them hit their heads or the upper parts 
of their bodies, inflicting fatal injuries. 

Only five days afterwards the regiment set out to 
relieve Kno.xville. Longstreet, however, abandoned 
the seigc before the relieving army could arrive. The" 
One Hundred and Twenty-fourth remained in East 
Tennessee during the winter of 1SG3-4, suffering the 
numerous hardships which have made that winter 
memorable to so many Union soldiers. 

In May, 18G4, the regiment set forth on the Atlanta 
campaign. It was warmly engaged at Rocky Face 
Ridge, suffering severely in a charge against the en- 
emy's intrenchments, as it did also at New Hope 
Church, where Lieutenant Colonel Pickands was 
badly wounded. At Pickett's Mills Major James B. 
Hamiison was killed while serving on the staff of 
General Wood, the commander of the division. 

About the 1st of July General W. B. Hazen, to 
whose brigade the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth 
still belonged, was ])romoted to the command of a 
division, and Colonel Payne took his place as brigade 
commander. With its comrade regiments the regi- 
ment took part in the siege of Atlanta, and the flank- 
ing movement to Jonesborough which compelled the 
surrender of the former place. With them, also. 



it mai'c4,ed northward, at first in the rear of Hood 
and then passing by him. as described in the sketch of 
the Forty-first Infantry, and reaching Nashville the 
last of November, 1864. 

On the loth of December it moved forward with 
Thomas' army to attack Hood, and on the following 
day took an active part in the decisive battle of Xash- 
ville, which resulted in one of the most complete vic- 
tories won by the Union arms. 

After following Hood to Huntsville and remaining 
there several months, the regiment was sent to East 
Tennessee. Thence after another uneventful period 
it was ordered to Xashviile. where it was mustered 
out on the 9th of July. It was immediately sent 
home to Clevehnid, paid off and disbanded. 



Oliver H. Payne, ear. as Lieut. Col. Sept. 11. 1863. Promoted to Col. 
Jan. 1, 1883. Resigned Oct. io. 1864. 

James Pickands, enr as Major Oct. 25. 1862. Promoted to Lieut. Col. 
Jan. 1, 186:3. Mustered out July 9, 1865. 

James B. Hampson. enr. as Major Jan. 1, 1863. Kilted in action at Pick- 
ett's Mills May 27. isej. 

William Treat, enr. as Sergt. Co. A Aug. 9, 1862. Promoted to Q. M. S., 
to 2d Lieut. June 17. 186:j. and to 1st Lieut, and Reg. Q. M. Jan. 1, 
1864. Mustered out .vitli Co. June 12, 1865. 

Dewitt C. Patterson, enr. as Asst. Surg. Aug. 22, 1862. Promoted to 
Surg. May 3. 1863. Mustered out July 9. 1865. 

James W. Smith, enr. as Surg. Aug. 20, 1862. Resigned Jan. 31, 1863. 

Seth D. Bowker, enr. as Chaplain Jan. 1, 1863. Resigned Sept. 9, 1883. 

Albert Lewis, enr. as R. Q. M. Pee. 1, 1862. Resigned Sept. 3, 1863. 


Charles C. Leonard, enr. as Corp. Co. A Aug. 10, 1862. Promoted to Q. 

M. Sergt. May 1, 1864. Mustered out July 9, 1865. 
William A. Reed, enl. Co. A. Aug. 12, 1862. Promoted to Com. Sergt- 

Oct. 1. 1S63. Mustered out July 9, 1863. 
Charles D. Collins, enr. Corp, Co. H Oct. T. 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

and to Com. Sergt. June 9. 1865. Mustered out July 9, 1865. 
James Powell, enr. as Corp. Co. H Sept. 16, 1862. Promoted to Com. 

Sergt. Dec. 1, 1862. 
Peter R. Granel. enl Sept. 13 1862. App. Hosp. Steward Nov. 19. 1862. 

Mustered out July 19, 1865. 
Eugene L. Stryker, enr. as Musician .\ug. 8, 1862. Trans, to Staff as 

Prin. Musician July 1, 18(>3. Mustered out June 9, 1865. 
George Foster, enr. as Musician Aug. 14, 1862. Appointed Prin. Musi. 

cian July 30, 186;i. Mustered out .June 9, 1865. 
. Clark A. Fish, enr. as Musician Feb. 28, 1864. Promoted to Chief Musi- 
cian June 1, 1S65. Mustered out July 9. 1865. 


William Wilson, enr. as Capt. July 25, 1863. Resigned Feb. IS, 1865. 
Haskell F. Proctor, enr. as 1st Sergt. Co. F July 26, 1862. Promoted to ;2d 

Lieut. Co. G May 10, 1863; to 1st Lieut. Sept. IS, 1864, and to Capt. 

Co. A Jau, 8, 1865. Mustered out June 9, 1863. 
Cleveland Van Dorn. enr. as 1st Lieut. July 26, 1862. [See Co. D.] 
Alexander C. Caskey, enr. as Corp. Aug. 14, 1862. Promoted to 1st 

Lieut. Oct. 13, 18i>4. .Mustered out with to Co. July 9, 1865. 
George Doubleday. enr. as 2d Lieut. July 26, 1862. Resigned June 13, l«i>3. 
Charles D. Hammer, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 4, 1862. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Co. G May 23, 1863. 
Andrew OBrien, enl. Nov. 18, 1803. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 

27, 1864. 
William O. Finney, enl. Nov. 14, 1863. Died at Clinton Cross-roads Feb. 

1, 1864. 
Thomas Maskall, enl. Nov. 9, 1863. Died at Nashville June 27, 1864. 
Jacob Segmeier, enl. Oct. 20, 1(J62. Died at Manchester, Tenn.. July 31, 

Edward Sweeney, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Died in Andersonville prison Oct. 

25, 1864. 
Waiiam Barberic, enl. Oct. 30, 1863. Disch. Aug. 2, 1864. 
Samuel Carpenter, enl. Feb, 15, 1864. Disch. .\ug. 29, 1864, on account of 

John C. Durian, enl. Aug. 8, 1862. Disch. 

Samuel Bates, enl. Nov. 14, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1.865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
Nicholas Ex, enl. Oct. 28, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1863. Mustered 

out with the Co. 

William Hudden. enl. Nov. 13, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Richard Hudson, enl. Nov. 5, 1803. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1863. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

William Jewett. enl. Nov. 22. 1863, Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

John McGurk. enl. Nov. 16, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Dars Oltolder, enl. Nov. 17, 1863. Left in Hosp. at Nashville June 1. 1865. 

John Sweeney, enl. Dec. 4, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1863. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Arthur Webster, enl. Nov. 16. 1863. Transf . to Co. D June 8, 1863. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. July 9, 1865. 

Thomas Stevenson, enr. as Corp. Aug. 12. 1862. Mustered out with the 
Co. June 9. 1865. 

William Schubert, enl. Aug. 13. 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 1, 1864, 
and to Sergt. June 3. 1865. .Mustered out with the Co. 

William Empson, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. Taken prisoner Sept. 19, 1863. Par- 
oled May 22, 1865. Mustered out June 2:J, 1863. 

Isaac H. Gould, enl. Aug. 5, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

Herbert T. Green, enl. Aug. 5, 1862, Mustered out with the Co. 

Jonn W. Gould, enl. Aug. 12, 1862. Died in Andersonville prison Sept. 
12, 1»64. 

Elijah Trow, enl. .Aug. 12. 1862. Died at Nashville, Tenn., March 9, 1863. 

Edwin .\, Kent, enl. Aug. 12. 1862. Disch. 

William H. Clague, enr. as Corp. Aug. 11, 1862. Transf. to Eng. Corps 
.\ug. 13. isw. 

Thomas Cowley, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Transf. to Eng. Corps Aug. 13, 1864. 

Samuel H. Quayle, enl. Aug. 6. 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Eugene L. Stryker. (See Non-Com. Staff, i 

George E. Goodrich, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 6, 1862. Transf to Vet. Res. 
Corps. Nov. 21, 1864, 

Charles C. Leonard. (See Non-Com. Staff.,) 

George W Wing, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Died 
Oct. I, 1863, from wounds rec'd at Chickamauga Sept. 19. 

Thomas Gifford, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Killed at Pickett's Mills May 27, 1864. 

George F. Parsons, enl. Aug. 10, 1862, Promoted to Corp. Killed at 
Pickett's Mills May 37, 1864. 

Edward G. Bartlett, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Died at 
Nashville Aug. 3, 1864, from wounds rec'd in action. 

John H, Bartlett. enl. .\ug. 14, 1862. Died at at Franklin, Tenn., March 
10. 1863. 

Adelbert L. ^'> ing, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. June 
9, 186.5. 

Richard Wykes, enl, Aug. 6. 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

Elisha M Holden, enl. Aug. 6. 1862, Wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 
1864. JIustered out May 15. 1863. 

Adrian C. Stone, enl. Aug. 10, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Aug. 1, 1,'<64 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Stephen P. Wing, enl. Aug. 10. 1862. Died at Middlehurg, O., Jan 6, 

Frederick J. Bartlett, enl. Aug. 30, 1862. Transf. to U. S. Col. Troops 
and promoted to Lieut 

Orlando H. Church, enl. Xug. 7, 1862. Disch. from Hosp. 

George H. Foster, enl. Aug. 6, 1862, Promoted to Corp. because of 

Isaac Hardy, enl. Aug. 6, 1862. Disch. May IS, 1863. for disability caused 
by wounds 

William Treat. (See Field and Staff.) 

Oliver E. Ellsworth, enl. Aug. 12, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Aug. 10, I8ii3, 
and to Sergt. May 1, 18i>4. Mustered out with the Co. 

John E, Duncan, enl. July 27, 1862. Promoted to Con'. May 1, 1864, 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Zera Ellsworth, enl. July 30, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Aug. 1, 1864 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Franklin Fuller, enl. July 31, 1862 Promoted to Corp. April 1, 1865, 
Mustered out with the Co. 

John P. Lamb. enr. as 1st Sergt. July .30. 1862. 

William H. Selover, enr. as Sergt. July 31, 1862. Died Sept. 25, 1863, 
from wounds rec'd at Chickamauga. 

Elam .\. Smith, enr. as Corp. July 30, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Killed 
at Pickett's Mills, Ga. , May 27, 1864. 

Edwin N, Gates, enl. Aug. 3 1862. Wounded at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 
1863. Clustered out June 12, 1865. 

David Z. Herr, enl. .\ug, 7, 1862. Mustered out with the Cr. 

William F. Losey, enl. July 27, 1862. Taken prisoner Sept. 19, I8(a. 

Henry Schnerrer, enl. Ang. 7, 1863. Taken prisoner Sept. 19, 1863. 

Willis Cornwall, enl. Aug. 13. 1862, Killed at Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864. 

Henrv Kenfield, enl. .iug. 9. 1862. Killed at Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19. 

John Litchfield, enl. .\ug. 14, 1862. Killed at Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov. 
23, 1863. 

Adam Sipe. enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863. 

Benjamin Herr, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Died at Nashville Aug, 12, 1864. 

Hiram Thompson, enl. Aug. 11. 1863 Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 

David Yost, enl. Aug. 12. 1862. Died at Nashville, Tenn., .April 11, 1863. 

Edward Brainard. enl. Aug. 14. 1863. Disch. Sept. 12, 1864, 



(iforge J. Duncan, enl. July 27, 1868. Disch. July 13, 1883. 
HeMi-ge H. Gat«s. fill. Aug. 14, ISHi. Disoh. at Manchester, Tenn. 
Cliristiaii Lin«lei-. enl. Aug. 3, ISBi. Discb. May 11. isii.'i. 
Theodore A. Selovi-r, enl. July 27, im-i. Disch. Feb. 10. \m3. 
Heuiy B. Wallace, enl. Aug. 3. ix&i. Disch. June 16, is«.j. 
Sauforil R Braiiiaid. enl. .\ug. 5. 18i>-3. Tiaiisf. to the Invahil Corps. 
George W. Brown, enl. .\uk. 11. ISM. Transf. to the Invalid Corps. 
Edwin Foote, enl. Aug. 14. 1*6-.'. Transf. to Invalid Corps Feb au, 1804. 
George Foster. (See XonCom. Staff, i 
Daniel Herr, enl. Au^. 7. 18«i. Trans, to VeL Res. Corps. 
Ralph H. Shepard. enl. Aug. 14. 186-3. Transf. 1 1 Vet. Res. Corps. 
Michael Beck, enl, Xov. 18, 1863. Transf. to Co. D June 8, 1865. Mus- 
tered out Julv 9, 1SB.V 
Ellen W. tiarzee, enr. as Corporal Aug. 11, 1882. Died at Chattanooga, 

Teuii., Nov. 12. 13(!3, from wounds reed in action. 
Leivis .M. Watkins, enl. Aug. 14. 1.S62. Mustered out with Co. June 9, 1865. 
Charles Ciibbs, enl. Aug. 10, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps March 2, 

1884. .Mustered out June 39. 1863. 
Jacob Vo-ler, eul. Aug. 11, 1862. Died at Kno.\ville, Tenn. March 4, 1864. 
Gottlieb Reuss, enl. .\ug. 11, 1862. Promoted to Corporal April 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. June 9, 186.). 
Wilbur F. Russell, enl. Aug. 9, 1862. Died at Nashville, Tenn., March 17, 

Oscar Van Avery, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Mustered out with Co. June 9, 1863 
Elvert M. Shepard, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Charles E. .\ustin, enl. Aug. 14, 1802. Disch. from Hosp. 
Orlando Austin, enl. Aug. 14, I8ii2. Disch. from Hosp. 
Samuel H. .\iiies, enl. .\ug. 14, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
Chauncy D Hall, enl. Aug 11, 1862. Disch. 

,lob Hamlin, enl. Aug. 14, :.862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 21, 1804. 
Thomas Hammond, eol. Aug. 14, 1862. Promoted to Corp. June 3, 1H63. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Peter Kyser, enl. Aug. 14, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
Gilbert C. Porter, enl. Aug. 11, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Disch. May 

28. 1805. 
William A. Reed. {See Non-Com. Staff.) 
Andrew K. Rose, enl. Aug. 13, 1862. Promoted to Corp. May 1, 1804, and 

to Sergt. Aug. 1, 1864. Mustered out with Co. 
Ozias C. Smith, enl. Aug. II, 1862. Disch. Aug. 13, 1863, for disability. 
Harrison F. Henry, enr. as Corp. Aug. 6. 1S62. Promoted to Sergt. 

Killed at Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, 186.3. 
Andrew Crittenden, enl. Aug. 7, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 1. 1864. 

Taken prisoner ,Jan. 19, 1865. 
,1'ilin Lovejoy, enl. Aug. 15. 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Bryan, enl. Aug. 4, 1862. Wounded at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 

1803. Sent to Hosp. at Cleveland. O. 
John Hogeman, enl. Aug. 9, 1802. Mustered out with the Co. 
Gottlieb Schwartz, enl .\ug. 9. 1802. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jonathan Wyeth. enl. .\ug. 4, 1802. Died at Annapolis, Md., Dec. 2, 1863. 
George N. Miner, enl. Sept. 5. 1S62. Disch. Jan. 19, 18»)5, on account of 



Charles D Hammer, enr. Sergt. Co A, Aug. 4, 1862. Prom, to 1st Lieut. 

Co. G. May 23. 186:1 Transf to Co. B June 3. 1805 Mustered out 

June 9, 1863. 
Alfred Bowman, enl. Sept .30, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. June 9. 

John M. Bowman, enl. Oct. 2(1, 1862. Transf. to Co. E Mustered out 

June 30, 180.^. 


Robert Wallace, enr. as Capt. Oct. 13, 1862. Resigned May 19, 1803. 
Daniel Straltou, enr as 1st Lieut. Oct. 15, 1862 Promoted to Captain 

Jlay 20, 18ft). Resigned Oct. 25, 1863. 
.lohn B. Irwin, enr. 2nd Lieut. Co. G. Nov. 13, 1862. Prom, to Capt. Co. 

C, April ». I8ft4. Died June 24. 1864, of wounds received in action 

June 12th. 
James T. McGinness, enr. as 2nd Lieut. Co. H, Sept. 29. 1862. Prom, to 

1st Lieut Co. F, April 17. 1S6:!, and to Captain Co. C. Jan. 20, 186,5, 

Mustered out July 9, 1565. 
Samuel B. Payne, enr. as 2nd Lieut. Co. H, Aug. 2, 186:). Prom, to 1st 

Lieut. Co. 0, Sept. 18, 1864. Killed in action at Nashville, Dec. 16, 

John O'Brien, enr. as 2nd Lieut. Oct. 13. 1862. Resigned April 21, 186,3. 
John P. Lamb, enr. 1st Sergt. Co. A, July :jO, 1802. Prom, to 2nd Lieut. 

Co. C, May 19. WiS. Resigned June 20, 1S63. 
John Stevens, enr. as 1st Sergt. Sept. 20, 1862. 
David Shaughnessey, enl. Oct. 16. 1862. Promoted to Sergeant Dec. 10 

1S0,3. Mustered out with the Co. July 9. 1865. 
William Rediiep, enl. Oct. 15, 1862. Promoted to Sergeant Feb. 1, 1865, 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Montgomery, enr. as Corj). Sept. 30, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. 

June 1, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Edward Murphy, enl. Sept. 27, 1862. Promoted to Corporal Feb. I, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
James Roche, enl. Dec. 2<>. 1802. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 1, IS<>3. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Melvin L. Shepard, enl. Sept, 30, 1862. Promoted to Corp. June 1, 1808. 

Mustered out with th« Co 
Isaac Taylor, enl, Sept. 25. 1862, Promoted to Corp. June 1. 1805 Mus 

tered out with the Co. 
Joseph Benson, enl. Feb. 10, 1884, Promoted lo Corporal June 1, 1863. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel J. Brown, enr. as Musician Sept. :)0, 1862. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
William Lathrop, enr. as Musician Feb, 8. 1864. Mustered out with Co 
George W. Andrews, enl. Feb. 20, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Davis, enl. Nov. 20, 1862. Mustered out May :)0, 1863. 
Lyman Fuller, enl Dec. 17, 1863. Wounded May 14, 1864. Mustered out 

July 10, 1863. 
Frederick Goode, enl. Feb. 10, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Luke Green, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Joyce, enl. Dec. 3, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Lingera, enl Jan 27, 1804. Mustered out June 24. 1865. 
Richard Lee. enl. Oct. 15, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
James McDonald, enl. Sept. 15, 1862. captured at Chickamauga, Sept. 

19. 180:1. E.ichanged and sent to Camp Chase, O., May 3, 1805. Mus- 
tered out I uly 8, 1803, 
Timothy Mahoney, enl. Dec. 3, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles Newnham, eul. Nov. 29, 1862. Wounded Dec. 10, 1864. Mustered 

out June 3, 180). 
William Quigley, enl. Sept. :)0, 1802. Captured at Dandridge, Tenn. Jaoi 

19. I.'i64. Exchanged and sent to Camp Chase Dec. 1, 1864. Mustered 
out May 29, 1803. 

Riley L. Rood, eul. Feb. 20. 1804. Mustered out with the Co, 

Jacob Ryde, enl. Sept. 30, 1W02. JIustered out with the Co. 

William tjhanley, enl. Jan. 14. 18ii4. Mustered out with the Co. 

Charles E. Styre, enl. Dec. 20, 1.863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Martin Smith, enl. Sept 30, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

AmosC. Sexton, eul. Oct. 16, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

Robert K. Wilde, enl. Sept. 30, 1K02, Mustered out with the Co. 

John Lynch, enr. as Corp. Sept. 17, 180;. Died in rebel prison at At- 
lanta, Ga., Aug. 13, 1864. 

Reuben B, Abbey, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Promoted to Corp. Died at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., Feb. 10, 1864. 

Orange E. Bushon, enl. Feb. 13, 1804. Killed in action May 27, 1804. 

Michael Ducey, enl. Jan. 16, 1864. Killed in action May 27, 1864. 

James W. Forsyth, enl. Oct. 18, 1862. Died in hospital at Cleveland, O., 
Nov. 25, 1862. 

John Fritz, enl. Oct. 13, 1862. Died Nov. 28, 1863, of wounds received at 

Samuel Ferguson, enl. Feb. 2, 18ii4. Died at Jeffersouville. Ind,. May 31, 

John Hopwood. enl. Oct. IT, 1802. Died at Nashville. Tenn,. Aug., 1864 
from wounds received in action, 

Thomas Johnson, enl, Sept. 17, 1862. Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 
28. 1.S64. 

Charles A. MoBane, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Died at Nashville, Tenn. 

James MoCort. enl. Sept. .30. 1862, Died at Nashville. Tenn., June 29, 
1864, from wounds received in action, 

James Mcintosh, enl. Dec. 29. 1802. Died at Chattanooga Nov. 20. 1863. 

Arthur Quinn, enl. Sept. 30, 1802. Died at Dover, Tenn., Feb. 5, 1863. 

Patrick Jlurphy, enl. May 17, 1804. Died in Anderspnville prison .^pril 
14. 1863, 

John Ray, enl. Aug. 1, 18C3. Killed in action at Nashville. Tenn., Dec. 
10, 1804. 

Thomas Willey, eul. Nov. 22, 1H02, Died from wounds reed at Chicka- 
mauga, Dec. 10, 1863. 

Egbert Hicks, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 22. 1864. 

Josiah M. Holt, enr. as Sergt. Sept. .30, 1862. Disch. for disability May 

20, 186:). 

Frank Roche, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 22, 1862. Disch. for disability, 

John R, Tudor, enr. as Corp. Oct. 9, 1862. Disch. for disability Aug. 1. 

Thomas C. Ault, enl. Sept. 30, 1882. Disch. June 10. 1805. 
William W. Gushing, enl. Sept. ,30, 1803 Transf. to liith Inf 
John D. Cole. enl. Dec. 22, 1863. Disch. on account of wounds reed in 

action, March 5, 1863. 
James Cullerton, enl. Oct. 16, 1862. Disch. for disability. July 19, 1864. 
John A. Dodion. enl. Nov. *), 1863. Disch. for disability. May 10th, 1865. 
Henry L. Engleson. enl. Jan. 28, 1884. Mustered out May 13, 1865 
Thomas S. Gardner, enl. Jan. 8, 186:). Disch. for disability March 18, 1863, 
Alfred L. Jago. eul. Sept .30, 1862. Disch. for disability March 10, 1864, 
John H, Jennings, enl. Sept, .30, 1862. Disch. Nov. 22, 1862. 
John McWilliams. enl. Jan. 22. 1884. Disch. for disability. 
Patrick Joyce, enl Dec. 3, 1863. Disch. on account of wounds reed in 

action May 24, 1865. 
William A. Lowrie. enl. Feb. 22, 1864. Disch. April 15, 1865. 
Hugh McGuckin, enr. as Corp. Sept. 10. 1862. Diseh. because of wounds. 
Reuben Ritter. enl. Sept. :jrt, 1862. Disch. for disability. 
William Rayen. enl. Oct. 30. 1862. Disch for disability April 10, 1863. 
Franklin Stillson. enl. Sept. :)0. 1862. Discu. for disability Nov. 16, 186:). 
Henry Slack, enl. March 1, 1864. Disch. fordisabiliiy Sept 8, 1884. 
Wallace Walworth, enl. Dec, 30, 1863, Disch, May 2H, 18IS5, 



Dexter Lane, enr. as Sergt. Sept. iT, 1863. Trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 

George Fox, enl. Sept. 30, 1868. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Clark A. Fish. [See Non-commissioned Staff.] 

Jacob Money, eol. Sept. 30, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Richard Putt. enl. Sept. 36, 1863. Wounded and sent to Columbus, O.. 

Sept. 4. 1861. 
James Walsh, enr. as Corp. Sept. 30, lf62. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps 

April 38. 1864. Mustered out Aug. 1, 1865. 
John Anderson, enl. Dec. 7, 1863. Died at Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 10, 1864. 


Cleveland Van Dorn. enr. as 1st Lieut. Co. .A .July 36, 1862. Promoted to 

Capt, Co. D Aug. 8. 1864. Mustered out with Co. June 9, lSt;.5. 
Hiram H. Bowman, enl. Dec. 34, 1863. Promoted to I'orp. Jan. 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. July 9, 1865. 
Herbert W. Ashford. enl. Dec. IT, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Herman E. Beckwith, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Theodore R. Evans, enl. Dec. 29, WA Mustered out June 23. 18fS. 
Albert E. Hudson, enl. Feb. 18, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Jones, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Left in Hosp. at Cleveland, O., Dec. 13, 

■ 1864. 
George Johnson, enl. Dec. 22. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Mossier, enl. Jan. 8, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ananias Mossier, enl. Ian. 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Franklin Myers, enl. Dec. 27. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Arthur JIurphy. enl Dec. 38, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Orlando Porter, enl. Dec 1", 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Augustus Raser, enl. Dec. 34, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry Redecar, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Mustered out with the Uo. 
Henry Schoenholtz. enl. Dec 11. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Nelson Vond, enl. Dec. 21. 1863. Mu.stered out with the Co. 
Charles Watkins, enl. Jan. 33, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Hudson, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Killed at Pickett's Mills, Ga., May 27, 

Edward Homan, enl. Aug. 23, 1863. Died at Bulls Gap, Tenn., April 33, 

Michael O'Donovan, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Disch. (or disability Dec 27, 1864. 
Daniel DriscoU, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Disch. for disability Maroh 39, 1865. 
Frank W. Smith, enl. Jan. 4, 1864. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Disch. June 

7. 1865. 
John King. enl. Jan. 23, 1864. Disch. on account of wounds rec'd May 

16, 1865. 


Thomas J. Carron enr. as 1st Lieut. Oct. 89, 1863. Resigned Jan. 10, 1864. 
Terence A, Dempsey, enl. as Sergt. Co. H Sept. 19, 1862. Promoted to 

3nd Lieut. Co. D June 19. 1863. and to 1st Lieut. Co. E March 8, 1864. 

Killed before Nashville. Dec. 16, 1864. 
William Carron, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 20, 1862. Died June 23, 1863. 
Josiah Flick, enr. as Corp. Oct. 8, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Disch. for 

disability May 8, 1863. 
Peter Burkett, enr. as Corp. Oct. 16, 1862. Disch. for disability Feb. 13, 

Frank Hartman, enr. as Musician Oct. 13, 1863. Disch. June 13, 1865. 
Albert Alleman. enl. Oct. 10, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. July 9, 

Harold A.. Cores, enl. April 18, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 6, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Jacob Sholl, enl. May 15, 186,3. Promoted to Corp. Feb. «, 1865. Mustered 

out with the Co . 
James Benson, enl. Oct. 14, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
John M. Bowman, enl. Oct. 30, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel Euchre, enl. May 12. 1863. Taken prisoner May 27, 1864. 
Christopher Houghton, enl, Oct. 4, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
John W. Harper, enl. Feb. 14, 1863. 

William Lawless, enl. .luly 6. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Louis Mogler, enl. May 23, 1863. Mustered fiut with the Co. 
Jacob Sutton, enl. .April 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Peter Spangler, eol. Oct. 10. 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Turner, enl. April 2;^, 186:3. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Thomas, enl. May 9, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Myron Crocker, enl. Oct. 9, 1863. Died at Nashville, March 3D, 1863. 
CarroUton Romengoburg, enl. May 19, 1863. Killed near Dallas, Ga., 

May 27, 1864. 
Zenas Parker, enl. April 18, 1863. Died in Andersonville prison Sept. 14, 

Ira Wade, enl. April 35, 1863. Promoted to Corp. July 1, 1863. Killed at 

Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1864. 
Thomas Baker, enl. Oct. 16, 1862. Disch. for disability July 6, 1,864. 
William T. McDowell, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Disch. from Ho-p. March 25, 

Michael Rourke, enl. Sept. 30, 1862. Disch. for disability Dec. 26, 1862. 
William Stoner, enl. Oct. 15, 1862, Disch. for disability Dee. 26, 1862, 
James Sweeney, enl. May 11, 1863. Disch. for disability July 30. 1864. 
James Larkin, enl. Oct. 23,1862. Promoted to Corp. Disch June 20, 

James McGuire. enl. Oct. 19, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Richard Reed, enl, Oct. 21, 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 
John Stagmire, enl. May 8, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 


Horace E. Dakin, enr. as Capt. Oct. 3<l, 1S63. Resigned March 1, 1863. 
John C. Smith, enr. 2d Lieut. Co. I, Jan. 30, 1863. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co. C, March 12, 1864, and to Capt. Co. F, Feb. 23, 1865. Mustered 
out July 9, 1865. 
Sherbourne B. Eaton, enr. as 1st Lieut, and Adj't Oct. 1, 1862. Pro- 
moted to Capt. Co. F. Nov. 23, 1863. Resigned Nov. 3. 1864. 
Andrew J. Moulton. enr. as 1st Lieut. Oct. 30. 1862. Resigned March 4, 

Oliver P. Mcllrath, enr. as 3d Lieut. Sept. 1, 1863. Resigned .Ian. 27, 

John E Crandall enr. as Sergt. Aug. :30. 1862. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

April 1. 1865. Mustered out with the Co. July 9. 1865. 
Charles Hammond, enl. Sept. 35, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. 1, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
George Butler, enl. .^.pril 39. 1863. Promoted to Sergt. March 1. 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry Williams, enl. May 5, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Sylvester Adams, enl. Oct. 13, 1852. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
John Bently, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Promoted to Corp May -30, 1865, Mus. 
tered out with the Co. 

Mason Ketchum, enl. Sept. 9, 1862. Promoted to Corp. May 30, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

James A. Bowers, enl. May 26, 1863. Promoted to Corp. June 12, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

John Cisco, enl. May 6, 1863. Promoted to Corp. June 13, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

James Lennon. enl. Jan. 36, 1864. Promoted to Corp. June 13. 1865. 
Mustered out wi h the Co. 

Alfred Curtis, enl. May 1, 1863. Promoted to Corp. June 13, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Samuel Chapman, enr. as Musician Sept. 12. 1863 Mustered out with 
the Co. 

Almon Aiken enl. Oct. 15, 1863. Jlusfered out with the Co. 

Joseph Beach, enl. Aug. 29, l.%3. Mustered out with the Co. 

Hugh BucKley, enl, Sept. 13, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Robert Bennett, enl. Oct. 7. 1868. Taken prisoner Sept. 9. 1863. 

Adam Babb. enl. Nov. 30. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

William Crosby, enl. April 39. 1863. Mustered out with theCo. 

Leonidas N. Crossland, enl. March 14, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Charles Coates, enl. Dec. 16, 1863. Mustered out June 8, 1865. 

Adam Dinges, enl. April 39, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Levi Forsyth, enl. Sept. 15. 1862. 

John Jlitchell, enl. March 20, 1863. Taken prisoner Jan. 30, 1864. 

Deter Nicholas, enl. Feb. 29. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Michael Rvan. enl. March 24. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Christopher Smith, enl. Oct. 19, 1863. Wounded May 37. 1864. 

Christian Stabler, enl. Feb. 10, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Lucius Whfeler. enl. Sept. 10, 1862. 

Samuel Buckhart, enl. Oct. 5, 1863. Died Nov. lU, 1863. 

Joseph A. Beecham, enl. Jan. 27, 1864. Died from wounds. July 5, 1864. 

John W. Crapser, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 8, 1862. Killed at Chickamauga 
Sept. 19, 1863. 

Joseph Corann, enl. Oct. 14, 1862. Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19. 1863. 

Christian Grobe, enl. Sept. 11, 1862. Died Dec. 9, 186.3. 

John Hart, enl. Oct. 18, 1862. Died Jan. 18, 1864. 

Sherman Sperry, enr. as Musician Sept. 29, 1862. Died April 14, 1863. 

James Stark, enl. Aug. 30. 1862. Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1863. 

Daniel Sherman, enl. Sept. 13, 18<i2. Died Jan. 10. 1863. 

John Thoma. enl. Oct. 3, 18<i3. Killed at Rocky Face Ridge May 10, 1864. 

Harry F. .Adams, enl. Oct. 7, 1863. Disch. for disability Dec. 39, 1863. 

John W. Baird. enl. March 39, 1863. Disch. July 38, 1863. 

Henry Chapman, enl. Sept. 18, 1863. Disch. May 31, 1865. 

Jacob Heimbaugh, enr. as Corporal Sept. 11, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. 
Disch. May 37, 1865. 

Adolphus Hunter, enr. as Corp. Sept. 20, 1862. Disch. April 2, 1863. 

Franklin Jones, enl. Oct. 6. 1862. Disch. July 18, 1863. 

Edward Jones, enl. March 24, 1863. Disch. May 2, 1863. 

Francis James, enl. Sept. 22. 1862. Disch. for disability Dec. 10, 1863. 

Frank MoUer, enl. Sept. 11, 1863. Disch. for disabiUty June 33, 1863. 

.\nthony Jleredith, enl. Sept. 11, 1862. Disch. for disability Dec. 10, 1862. 

John OMara, enl. Sept. 25, 1.862. Disch. .\pril 18, 1863. 

Charles H. Ranney, enr. as Sergt. July 86, 1862. Disch. fpr disability 
Oct. 10. 18ti:3. 

Christian D. Stellar, enl. Oct. 17, 1862. Disch. April 30, 1863. 

James V. Smith, enl. Sept. 9, 1862. Pi om. to Corp. Disch. May 33, 1865. 

Alfred N. Seuber, enl. Sept. 22, 1862. Disch. May 18, 1865. 

John Young, enl. March 39, 1863. Disch. June 16, 1865. 

Eugene W. Elliott, enl. Oct. 5, 1863. Transf. to Co. .A Nov. 1, 1862. Prom. 
10 Corp. Dec. 20, I.'-'62; to Sergt. Nov. 5, 1863: and to 1st Sergt. Aug. 
1, 1864. Mustered out June 9. 1S65. 



John H. Zerly. enl. Aug. 14, 1863. Transf. to Co. A Nov. 1, 1802. Prom. 

to Corp. March It!. 18H.3: and to Sergt. March 1, 1K(M. Mustered ont 

,Iune 9. isiw. 
David P. Hodgeman, enl. Oct. ].3, 18(i2. Transf. to Co. A Nov. I. 1W2. 

I>ieil at Nashville. Tenn., March 17, 1863. 
Joseph Hoklen. enl. Dec. 10. isia. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Jlay 1. istn. 
Haskell F. Proctor, enr. as 1st Sergt. July aii, 1863. 
Joseph Reisinger, enl. Oct. 30, 1862. Transf. to Co. G Nov, 1, 1862. Transf. 

to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Gordon Shurtliff, enl. Oct. 18, 1862. Transf. to Co. A Nov. 1, 1862. Mus- 
tered out June 9, 1865. 
James Williams, enl. Oct. 59, 1862. Transf. to Co. A Nov. 1, 1862. Killed 

at Pickett's Mills. Ga., May 27, 1864. 
Thomas Waltham. enl. Sept. 16, 1862. Transf. to Invalid Corps Nov. 1. 

1!^13. Mustered out June 28, 1865. 
.lohn N Mitchell, enl. 5larch 24. 1863. Taken prisoner Jan. 30, 1864. 
Robert Bennett, enl Oct. 8. 1862. Taken prisoner Sept. 9, 1863. 


William A. Powell, enr. as Capt. Nov. 13, 1S62. Resigned April 23, 1864. 
James Brennan, enr. as 1st Lieut. Nov. 13, 1862. Resigned April 28, 1863. 
John B. Irwin, enr. as 2d Lieut. Nov. 13, 1862. Promoted to Capt. Co. C, 

April 8, 1864. 
Thomas Burke, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 20, 1862. Disch. June 7, 1863. 
George Evans, enl. Oct. 10. 1862. Disch. Dec. 5, 1863. 
Nelson Shurtliff. enl. Nov. 20, 1862. Disch. May 1, 1863. 
John Miller, enl. Nov. 1, 1^62. Trantf. to Co. F, Jan. 1, 1863. Disch. 

April 22, 1863. 
Patrick Welsh, enl. Nov. 10, 1862. Trarsf. to Co. C. Jan. 1, 1863. Mus 

tered out May .3il, 1865. 
Alexander Vanderniark. enl. Nov. 10, 1862. Transf. to Co. B, Jan. 1, 

1863. Killed at Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863. 
John Linden, enl. Oi t. 28, 1862. Died at Louisville, Ky., June 10, 1863. 
James Hennessey, enl. Nov. 20, 1862. Transf. to Co. H, Jan. 1, 1863. 

Disch. June 10, 1863. 
William M. Parker, enl. Sept. 17, 1862. Transf. to Co. H, Jan. 1, 1863. 

Taken prisoner at Chickamauga. Sept. 19, 1863. Died in Anderson- 

ville prison Aug. 11. 1864. 
William L. Reed. enl. April 11, 1S63. Promoted to Corp. July 25, IS6.3. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Christopher Fudron, enl. April 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Ranch, enl. April 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Hiram B. Stevens, enl. April 17, 18153. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Ball. enl. March 28, 1863. Died at Nashville. Aug. 1-3, 1863. 
AlexanderBaird, enl. April 10,1863. Killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 

Burton Hayes, enl. April 16, 1863. Disch. Nov. 10, 1863. 
James L. Lloyd, enl April 11, 186:j. Disch. 
John Boyle, enl. March 28, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. Transf to Vet. 

Res. Corps May 23, 1864. 


Ehen S. Coe, enr. as Capt. Nov. 17, 1862. Promoted to Lieut. Col. I96th 

Inf. March 26, it<65. 
John Sterrus, enr. as 1st Sergt. Co. C, Sept. 20, 1862. Promoted to 2d 

Lieut. Co. H, June 30, 1863; to 1st Lieut. Co. B, Sept. 17, 1864, and to 

Capt . Co. H, April 11, 1865. Mustered out July 9, 1865. 
James T. McGinness, enr. as 2d Lieut. Sept. 29, 1862. Promoted to 1st 

Lieut. Co. F, April 17, 1863. 
Samuel B. Payne, enr. as 2d Lieut. Aug. 2, 1863. Promoted to 1st Lieut. 

Co. C, Sept. 18. 18C4. 
James Dillon, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 2, 1864, and to 

Sergt. June 10. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Allen Blether, enl, Sept. 23, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 9, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Robert A. Denham, enl. (!)ct. 7, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 9, 18*35. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Kugeue M. Cowdery, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Promoted to Corp. March 9, 18i;5. 

Clustered out with the Co 
I Ijm a. Kriegman, enl. Oct. 29, 1862. Promoted to Corp. May 19, 18i;.j. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
William M. Conolly, enl. Oct. 16, 1863. Promoted to Corp. June 10, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Barllett, enl. Sept. 59, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Frank Drake, enl. March 19, 186-3. Mustered out with the Co. 
Daniel N. Dunning, enl. Nov. 30, 18ta. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Green, enr. as Corp. Sept. 16, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
Leo Herrick. enl. Sept. 30, 1S63. Mustered out with the Co. 
.lames Hays, enl. Nov. 26, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas H. Jones, enl. Oct. 6, 184*2. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jacob H. Karker. enl. Dec. 1. I8<B. Mustered out with the Co. 
Felix Lafayette, enl. Sept. 24, 186;!. Mustered out with the Co. 
Reeves Lucas, enl. Nov. 3, IS<>i. Clustered out witii the Co. 
Joseph .Mitchell, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co 
Patrick McCarty, enl. Dee. 28, 186-3. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patiick Murray, enl. Oct. 29, 1863. Mustered out July 18, 1865. 
Franklin Moore, enl. .^pril 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William McCaffrey, enl. Dec. 1. 186.3. Mustered out with the Co. 


Peter Moore, enlisted Nov. 4, 1863. Left sick at Nashville Aug. 19, 1864. 

Casper Ohl, enl. Oct. 7. 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

Peter Price, enl. Oct. 8, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Phelps, enl. Nov. 20, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 

James Ryan. enl. Nov. 2, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

William Rogers, enl. Oct. 29, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John H. Reed, enl. Oct. 11, 1863. Lett sick at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 20, 

Daniel S. Critchfleld. enl. Dec. 11. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel B. Smith, enl. Oct. 10, 1862. Mustered out May 19. 1863. 
Charles Smith, enl. Sept. 21. 1863. Left sick at (,'hattanooga Nov. 28. 1«63. 
Jacob Suitor, enl. April 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Wolf. enl. Dec. ii, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 
George Wilkeson. enl. May 29, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William W. Wilcox, enl. .March 22. 186;!. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry E. Lowi ey, enr. as Corp. Oct. 7, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Killed 

at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1863. 
Nelson Lent. enr. as Corp. Sept. 12, 1862. Promoted to Sergt. Killed at 

Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1863. 
John Doyle, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 11, 1862. Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., 

Oct. 10, 1863, from wounds rec'd at Chickamauga Sept. 19. 
Samuel H. Harrison, enr. as Corp. Oct. 6, 1862. Died at Manchester, 

Tenn., July 24, 1863. 
Edward Dangerfleld, enl. Oct. 27, 1862. Died at Cleveland, O., Jan. 4, 1803. 
Darwin L. Goble, enl. Oct. 7, 1862. Died at Franklin, Tenn., March 5, 

Charles A. Gregoiy, enl. Dec. 15. 1863. Killed at Resaca, Ga., May 14. 1864. 
Sanmel Kemp, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 10, 

1863, from wounds rec'd at Chickamauga Sept 19. 

John McDermot, enl. Oct. 9, 1862. Died at Nashrtlle. Tenn., Jan. 1, 1865. 
PhiUp Noll. enl. Jan. .5, 18W. Killed at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864. 
William Nicholson, enr. as Corp. Sept. 17, 1862. Killed at Pickett's Mills, 

Ga.. May 27, 1864. 
John C. Huriey, enl. Sept. 24, 1863. Captured May 27, 1864. Died in An- 

dersonville prison Sept., 1864. 
David Sellers, enl. Dec. 29, 1863. Died at Chattanooga, Tenn., .lune 2, 

1864, from wounds rec'd May 9. 

Ephraim G. Staples, enl. April 6, 1863. Killed at Chickamauga, Sept. 

1(1, 1863. 
Terence A. Dempsey, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 19, 1862. 
Gardner Barber, enl. Oct. 8, 1862. Disch. Feb. '30, 1863. 
David W. Sturgiss, enl. Sept. 10, 186'2. Disch. July 18.;i863. 
William H. Pepperday, enr. as Sergt. Oct. 6, 1862. Disch. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Andrew Fridley, enl. May 25. 1863. Disch. Oct. 10. 1863. 
Basil L. Spangler. enl. Oct. 19, 1863. Promoted to 1st Lieut, in U. S. Col. 

troops Nov. 17. 1863. 
John A.. Foot, enl. Oct. 6, 1862. Disch. March 7, 1864. 
Jonathan L. Spencer, enl. May 21, 1863. Disch. May '23, 1864. 
Jonathan Wright, enl. Sept. 19, 1862. Disch. Oct. 10, 1863. 
William W. Webster, enl. Oct. '39, 1863. Disch. Dec. 31, 1864. 
John Nagle, enl. Oct. '35, 1862. Disch. May 23, 1865. 
Andrew Koll, enl. Sept. -39, 1863. Disch. June '38 1865. 
Charles D. Camp, enl. Oct. 10. 1862. Disch. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Thomas J. Crooks, enr. as Corp. Oct. 9, 1862. Promoted to 1st. Sergt. 

Wounded Sept. 19, isia. Transf. to Invalid Corps March 8, 1865. 

.Mustered out July 26. 1,805. 
Charles D. Collins. (See Non-Com. Staff.) 
James Powell. (See Non-Com. Staff. I 
Peter R. Granel. (See Non-Com. Staff i 
Henry JIcKinnon, enl. Sept. 23. 1863. Transf. to Invalid Corps Sept. 

26, 186 i. 
William Deitz, enl. Oct. '28, 186-3. Transf. to Invalid Corps Sept. 20, 1863. 
Thomai A. Johnston, enl. Oct. 30, 1862. Transf. to Invalid Corps Sept. 

36, 1863. 
John Mooney, enl. Sept. 3, 1882. Transf. to Invalid Corps Dec. 11. 186;J. 
Tracy L. Barnes, enl. Nov. 17, 186'3. Transf. to Co. C. Jan. 1, 1863. Died 

in rebel prison at Richmond, Va., Oct. '37, 1863. 


John C. Smith, enr. as 2d Lieut. Jan. 30. 1.863. 

Albert A. Wilson, enl. Dec. 13, 1863. Mustered out with the Co., July 9, 

Edgar M. Tower, enl, Nov. 27, 186.3. Disch. Nov. 1, 1864. 

Martin Ellsner. enl. Dec. '33, 1862. Transf. to Co. E, Jan. 1, 1863. Disch. 
Aug. -34, 1864. 

George Henzen, enl. Aug. 22, 1862. Transf. to Co. G, Jan. 1, 1S6;I. Died 
at Nashville, Tenn., April '3.!, 1863. 

George Reichert, enl. Aug. 23, 1863. Transf. to Co. G, Jan. 1. 1863. Pro- 
moted to Corp. Jan. 1, \><M. Mustered out July 9, 1865. 

John Shook, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Transf. to Co. O, Jan. 1. l"^-' Mu- 
tered out July 9,'o. 


Alfred Wilson, enl. Aug. 31, 1803. Transf. to Non-Com. Staff as Sergt 
Maj. March 1. 18i>5. Promoted to 1st Lieut. June 1'3, 1865. Mustered 
out with the Reg. 

Frederick Hogendoble. enl. Co. A, l'38th Int. Dec. 30, 1861. Promoted to 
2d Lieut. Co. K, 124th Reg. April 28. 1863. Resigned March 10, 1864. 



William Clark, enl, June 11, 1S6.3. Promoted to Corp. March 1, 1865, and 
to Sergt. June 10, 1805. Mustered out -n-ith the Co. July 9, 1865, 

Charles Everett, enl. Aug. li, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. March I, 1864. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Oliver Casler, enl. Se])t. 3. 18li3. Promoted to Corp. June 1. 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

John Gibson, enl. Aug. 13, 1803. Promoted to drp. June 1. 1805. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

John J. Delehanty, enl. Aug. 1, 1803. Promoted to Corp. June 1, 1865. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Orin Marvin, enl. Aug. 31, 1863. Promoted to Corp. June I, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 

Frederick Towser, enl. July 11, 1.S0.3. Promoted to Corp. June 1, 1805. 
Mustered out with the Co. 

Charles Brainard, enr. Aug. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Loren Brainard, enr. July 30, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Nicholas .^.rn, enl. Aug. SJ, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 

Hugh Baxter, enl. July 31. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

William C. Clark, enl. July 1, 1863. Absent sick since Jlay 18, 1864. 

John Dorn, enl. Sept. IS, 1863, Mustered out with the Co. 

Peter Dorn, enl. Sept. 13. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Charles Emerick, enl. Sept. 2, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

George Gibson, enl. May 18, 1863. Absent sick since Sept. l!l. 1863. 

William Gunshorn. enl. Sept. 12, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Lewis Holshocker, enl. .\ug. 26, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

George R. Jumont, enl. Aug. 31, 1863. Clustered out with the Co. 

John :>liller, enl. June 11, 1863. Taken prisoner Jan. IS, 1864. 

Jacob Xaigle, enl. Jan. 2 '. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Martin Quinn, enl. Sept. 12, 1.863. Mustered out with the Co. 

James Quinlan, enl. Aug. 24, 1863. Wounded Dec. 16. 1861. 

Jacob Shaub, enl. July 23, 1863. 

Iteubeu Spencer, enl. Aug. 18, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 

Melancton Teel, enl. Aug. 24, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

AVilliam Vanness, enl. ,luly 16, 186:3. 

Henry Williams, enl. July 24, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Thomas Wallace, enl. Sept. 5, 1S63. 

David Young, enl. ,Iune 11, 18iW. Mtistered out with the Co. 

James Clark, enl. July 11, 18(i3, Killed in action May 9, 186 1. 

Hugh Gauntley, enl. Aug. 31, 1863. Died at New Albany, Ind., Nov. 6, 

Joseph Martin, enl. Aug. 12, 1863. Died at Nashville, Tenn., Jtarch 21, 

William Martin, enl. June 14, 1803. Killed in action Sept. 19, l,'i63. 

Edward O'Neill, enl. Aug. IS, 1863. Died of wounds received in action 
June 24, 1864. 

John Rei, enl. Aug. 1, 1863. Died in Andersonville prison June 9, 1864. 

George Saunders, enl. Aug, 15, 1863. Died at Chattanooga Nov. 1863. 

Joseph Sims, enl. Aug. 1, 1863. Died from wounds received in action 
Oct. 1863. 

Alexander Stewart, enl. July T, 1863 Killed at Resaea, Ga., May 14, 1864. 

Thomas Thompson, enl. July 3, 1863. Killed at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 

William B. Thompson, enl, July 3, 1863. Died of wounds received in ac- 
tion Feb. 2. 1865. 

James McUowd, enl. Sept. 1, 1863. Promoted to Sergt, Disch May 10, 

John Walsh, enl. July 7, 1S63. Disch. Jlay 10, 1865. 

George Click, enl. July 13, 1.S63. Disch. for disability Aug. 28, 1864. 

John Ford, enl. July20, 186:!. Disch. Sept. 12, 1864. 

John Lloyd, enl. July 20, 1863. Disch. tor disability Aug. IS, 1864. 

Sage Nicharsou. enl. July 19, 18(»3. Disch. Nov . 7, 1863. 

William Sutton, enl. June l(i, 1,863. Disch. for disability. 

Frederick Waggoner, enl. June 11, 1863. Disch. for disabiUt,\- March 10, 

William Kearns, enl. June 1. 1S63. Disch. Nov. 7, 1863. 

William Santeman, enl. July 19, 1S6:S. Disch. Nov. 7, 1863. 

John I'. Hennie. enl Aug 12, 18i>J. Disch. May 3, 1863. 

Adam Zeigler, enl. July 10. 1S63. Disch. Jlay 30, 1865. 

John Connell, enl. Sept. 2, 1863. Disch. May 18, 1,863. 

William Birch, enl. July 11, 1803. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps. 

George Jlorrison, enl. Sept. 2, 1863. Mustered out July 25, 1865. 

John Jlayberry, enl. Aug. 20, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Hes. Corps Oct. 7, 

James W. Lyttle, enl. Aug. 10, lS6:i. Mustered out July 17, 1,865. 

Andrew Mesmer, enl. Aug. 26, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 20 

John Mellen, enl. June 11, 1S63. Taken prisoner Jan. 1864. 



Formation of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth— The Cuyahoga Repre- 
sentation—Off for Louisville and Franklin— I)riving out the Rebels 
and holding the Town— The Battle of Chickamauga— The Victory of 
Mission Ridge— A Fight in East Tennessee, etc.— Heavy Loss at Dal- 
ton, Resaea. Lost Mountain and Kenesaw— Brilliant Success at Frank- 
lin— Gen. Thomas' Compliment — Subsequent Services— Mustered out 
— Members from Cuj-ahoga Countj-- The One Hundred and Twenty- 
Eighth as Guards— The Members from Cuyahoga— The Hoffman Bat- 
talion — Services of the Regiment— Mustered out — List of Cu.vahoga 


This regiiiieot was recruited for three years, in the 
autumn of 18ij"2, and on the oth of October was mus- 
tered in with eiglit full companies, of which Ciivaho- 
ga county furnished one hundred and eleven men, 
scattered in small numbers through all the companies. 
Col. Emerson Opdycke was it first commander. On 
the 3d of January, 1863. the regiment left Cleveland 
sis hundred and fity seven strong, for Louisville, 
where a stay was made until January 28th. followed 
liy a move to Franklin, Tenn. Tiiei-e the enemy was 
encountered, and after a sharp engagement dislodged 
from the town. Twice — on the i'th of March and 
10th of April — the rebels attempted to recapture 
Franklin, but in both instances were rei)ulsed by the 
One Hundred and Twenty-fifth. 

Remaining in Franklin until June 21st, the regi- 
ment joined its command at Murfreesboro, and on 
the 24th began the memorable, dreary march to Hills- 
boro, whence it moved by slow stages to Chattanooga, 
where it arrived on the Oth of September, and in the 
vicinity of which it was engaged in sharp skirmish 
work until the 18th of that month. On the latter 
day the One Hundred and Twenty -fifth first took 
part in a general engagement. In the battle of 
Chickamauga, which opened on the 18tli, the regi- 
ment won such conspicuous honors that General 
Rosecrans personally complimented it, and General 
Woods cliristened it ''The Tiger Regiment of Ohio." 
On the 25th of November, the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth entered the field of battle for the second 
time — on this occasion at Mission Ridge — and during 
that long and bloody fight, although it covered itself 
with glory, it sustained a severe loss in killed and 

Marching to Knoxville and thence to Dandridge, 
the regiment fell into an engagement with the enemy 
at the latter place, on the 1 Tth of December, and for the 
better part of two days performed severe and continu- 
ous work, during which it lost thirteen men in killed 
and wounded. Directlv after this affair the One Hun- 



dred and Tweut3--fiftli retreated to Knosville. where 
its ranks were reinforced by the accession of Compa- 
nies I and K, recruited in Ohio after tlie regiment 
li:id left the State. The time from December 20, 18G3, 
til Mav 3, 1864, was passed in winter (juarters at Lou- 
don and C'levehind, Tennessee. Upon the hitter day 
the regiment moved out of camp as part of the Tiiird 
bricradc, Second division, Fourth corps, and set out 
for Georgia with General Sherman, who then entered 
upon his Atlanta campaign. In the engagement be- 
fore Dalton, on the 7th and 8th of May, the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth was in the thick of the fight 
and lost heavily. At Resaca and Lost Mountain the 
regiment distinguished itself, and at Kenesaw Moun- 
tain — when Colonel Opdycke's promotion to the com- 
mand of a brigade advanced Lieut. Col. Moore to the 
head of the regiment — there was more severe work 
and more severe regimental loss. 

After the fall of Atlanta, the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth was called to Nashville, then threatened 
by Hood, and took part in the battle of Franklin; 
winning high honor and capturing eighty prisoners 
and two battle-flags. Colonel Opdycke was in com- 
numd of the brigade in which the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth fought, and after the battle. General 
Thomas said to him: "Colonel Opdycke your brigade 
saved the army at Franklin, and saved Nashville. "■ 
During the battle of Nashville, the regiment ren- 
dered etfective service. On reaching Huntsville, Ala., 
•lanuary 6, 1865, it went into winter quarters, whence 
it emerged on the ^Sth of March. It moved without 
active service to Knoxville, and thence, by way of 
Nashville, to New Orleans; being mustered out of 
service in Texas on the 25th of September. It then 
returned to Ohio, and was discharged at Camp Chase 
on the ITth of October, 1865. 



George L. Wood, enr. as Major Nov. i7, isiia. Resigned April. 'SO, isi;:!, 
Henry McHeni-y, enr. as Surg. Oct. (i, IHia. Resigned June 1, 1.S60. 
Porter Yates, enr. as Asst. Surg. Oct. li. lsi',3. Resigned Ma.v li, iwi.'). 
John E. Darby, enr. as .\sst. Surg. Sept. *4, L-iiS. Trausf. to Wnd U. S. 
Col. Troops April 7, 181)4. 


Lyman L. Herring, enr. as Hosp. Steward Nov. 14, lx6i. I^ied April 23, 

Benj. F. Y'oung, enr. as Priii Musician Oct. 23, I.Sia. Mustered out 

June 9, 1KI15. 
Peter Damme, enl. Nov. 14, ima. Prnni. to Prin. 5Iusician May 50. 1S63. 

Disch. for disability May 10, WIS. 


Thomas Richmond, enl. March 22, IS(i4. Wounded May 14, 1S«4. Trausf. 
to Co. I, June 7, 1SB5. Clustered out Sept. 25, 18(i5. 


Orsamus Fitch, enl. March 27, ISiM. Transf. to Co. C, June 20, IS«5. 
Musteretl out Sept. 23, 1S65. 

John W. King, enl. March 81, 1«(>4. Transf. to Co. C. June 20, lS(i5. Mus- 
tered out Sept. 25, IHflS, 

George Pigott, enl. 5Iarch 7, WA. Transf. to Co. C, Juue 20. isilj. Mus- 
tered out Sept. 13, 181)3. 

Edwin Jl. Reynolds, enl. Feb. 24, INK. Transf. to Co. C, June 20, ista. 
Mustered out with the Co 


Sanford Armstrong, enl. Dec. 15, isii:). Clustered out Sept. 35, 18il3. 

John Handley, enl. Dec. 37, lSii3. Mustered out with the Co. 

Minos RadclifT, enl, Dec. 31, 1803. Wounded Jlay 14, 181(4. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Henry Balver, enl. Nov. 1, I8(J2. Died .\ug. 29, 18(i3. 
Festus G. Tyler, enl. Oct. 23, 18(13. Died Aug. 25. I8114. 
Mark Shields, enl. ,Ian. 4, 18ii4. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Dec 29, 18tn. 
John Canii>bell, enl Dec. 28, 18113. Mustered out May Hi, 18(13. 


Thomas Gilleii. eul. Oct. 13, 1863. Promoted to Corp, July 1, 18(13. Mus- 
tered out witli the Co. Sept. 23, 18(13. 
Andrew J. Gillen, enl. .\pril 8, 1804. Wounded May 14, 1804. 
George S. Hill. enl. Nov. 16, 1863. Mustered out Sept. 27, 1865. 
David Keck. enl. Sept. 80, 1863. Wounded Nov. 30, 1864, and sent to 

Hosp. at I levelaud, O. 
John King. enl. March 31, 1803. Mustered out with the Co, 
John Putnam, enl, Oct, 17, 180-3, Wounded Jlay 14, 1804. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
John Walters, enl. Feb. 25, 1864. Clustered out with the Co. 
Timothy Cooley, enl. Jan. 13, 1864. Killed at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1804. 
John H. Whittake(. enl. March 1, 1864. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Mustered 

out Sept. 1, 1865. 
James Beggs, enl. March 1, 1864. Wounded Nov. 30, 1864. Disch. for 

disability May 17, 1863. 
Mortimer J. Fuller, enl. April 1, 1864. Mustered out June 7, 186.5. 
Edward JlcLane enl. Jan. 23, 1804. Disch. for disability June 31, 1863. 
George Pfaff, enl. March 3, 18W. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Nov. 24, 1804. 
John S. Williams, enr. as Corp. Oct. ;W, 1863. Promoted to Sergl Feb 1 

Almon Hitchens, enl. April lO, 1804. Promoted to Corj). July 1. 1S65. 

Mustered out with the Co. Sept. 25, 1865. 
Frederic Allen, enl. Jlarch 10, 1804. Promoted to Sergt. Aug. 1. 1865. 

Clustered out with the Co. Sept. 25, 1865. 
Hudson Fitch, enl. Dec. 28, 1863. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Sept. 1st, 1805. 

Mustered out with the Co. Sept. 25, 1803. 

George Klein, enl, Nov. 22, 1862. Disch. May 10, 1.805. 

Charles Harbye, enl. Nov. 25, 1862. Disch. from Hosp. April 30, 1868. 

George Seigneur, enl. Nov. 14, 1863. Disch. July 14. 1803. 

Henry Schneider, enl. Nov. 22, 1803. Disch. Jan. 11, 1805. 

Claude Clere, enl. Nov. 14. 1862. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 1, Iso;). 

Mustered out Nov. 15, 1865. 
Joseph Grime, enl. Nov. 14, 1862. Taken prisoner at Chickamanga Sept 

20, 1803. 


Joseph E. Pero. enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Promoted to Corp. May 1, 1864, and 

to 1st Sergt. Sept. 2, 1865. Jlustered out with the Co. Sept. 25, 1885. 
James Logan, enr. as Sergt. Nov. 2, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Simpson, enl. Nov. 4, 1862. Wounded at Iiandridge Jan. 17, 18((4. 

Promoted to Corp. same day for bravery, and to Sergt. June 1, 1804. 

Clustered out with the Co. 
Christoiiher Berry, enr. as Drummer Dec. 20, 1863. 
.Joseph Gaiety, enl. Dec. 22, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Edwin Hudson, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
David Lyons, enl. Dec. 29, 1803. Mustered out witli the Co. 
James Wade, enl. Nov. 10, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Kelley, enl. Dec. 18, 1,863 Disch. May 19. IS(J5. 
Edward Nichols, enl. Jan. 11. 1804. Disch. Feb. 17, 1865. 
James Shay, enl. Dec. 13, 1863. Disch. May 19, 1X63. 
Charles Clodell, enl. March 29, 1804. .Mustered out with the Co.. Sept. 

25, 1865. 
John Dailey enl. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Charles Knapp, enl. Dec. 24, 18*3. Wounded May 14, 1801. 
Robert W. Thompson, enl. Nov, 4, 1862. Mustered out July 1, 1805. 


Charles Leimback. enl. Nov. 8, 1802. Promoted to Sergt. Dec. 31, 1802, 

to 2d Lieut. March 3. 1804, to 1st Lieut. July 8. 1864. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Leroy Thompson, enl. Jan. 12, 1804. Promoted to Sergt. May 1, It^(:4. 

Mustered out with the Co., Sept. 25, 1865. 
Peter Damme. (See Non-commissioned Staff.) 
Nicholas Schmitz, enl. Nov. 12, 18(12. Missing since battle of Chickamau- 

ga, Sept. 20, 1803. 
Theodore Allardt, enl. Dec. 14, 186.3. 
Francis S. Krumni. enl". Oct. 17, 1863. Died at Blaine's Cross-Roads, 

Tenn., Dec. 2-t, 1863. 
Jacob Berner. enl. Feb. 2, 1804. Died at .\tlanta, Sept. 8-*. 1864. 
John Weller, enl. Nov. i<i, 1813. Died at Chattanooga, Feb. 12. 1861. 
William DeCraff , enl. Dec. 14, 18<>i. Disch. April 30, I81U. 
William Dailey, enl. Dec. 24, 18(13. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps May 19, 

1805. Disch. disability June 26. 1805. 



Valentine Pflueger, enl Jan. m. 1864. Disch. June 28, 1865. 

Charles Mueller, enl. Dec. 1", 186-3. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Wounded 

Nov. 30. 1864. Disch. May 2". 1865. 
Seymour O. Wheeler, enl. Dec. 29, 1863. Disch. May 30, 1865. 
■Warner M. Caldwell, enl. Oct. 17. 1863. Disch. May 30, 1865. 
Henry Schneerer. enl. Jan. 4. 1864. Disch. May 18. 1865. 
John Weier, enl. Jan. 8, lsi>4. Promoted to Corp. Disch. May 29, 1865. 
Frederic Wagner, enl. Dec. a*. 1863. Disch. for disability April IV, 1865. 
Conrad Weddell, enl. Jan. 5. 1864. Disch. for disability May 9, 1865. 
Peter Zoller. enl. Dec. 21. 1863. Mustered out Sept. 30, 1865. 
Fredericlv Wolf, enl. Jan. 12. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Seifert. enl. Jan. 6, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
August Pietsch. enl. Dec. .30, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Frederic Xanck, enl. Jan. ~, 1864, Mustered out with the Co. 
James L. Lowman, enl. Dec. 22, 1863. Missing since action of June 27, 

Ernst Groehe, enl. Dec. 15, 1863. 

Charles Eckerman, enl. Dec. 28, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Anselm Meyer, enl. Sept. 25, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 1, 1865. 

-Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Elliott, enl. Dec. 5, 1863. Killed at Kenesaw, Ga.. June 27. 1864. 
Gottlieb Schultz, enl. Dec. 17. 1.S63. Killed at Kenesaw June 27. 18M. 
Jacob King. enl. Dec. 10. 1863. Died at Nashville, Aug. 3, 1864, from 

Henry Thiele, enl. Jan. 5. 1864. Died at Nashville Aug. 21, 1863. 
Franz Esch, enl. Feb. 2, 1864. Died at New Albany, Ind. Jan. 10, 1865. 
George Putnam, enl. Oct. 2, 1863. Died at Galveston. Texa.s, Aug. 1, 

William Somerby, enl. Dec. 9, 1863. Disch. May 19, 1865. 
Ehinehard Sillfieisch. enl. Dec. 28, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Sept. 1, 

1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patiick Murray, enl. Oct. 26. 18ti3. Disch. July 18, 1865. 

William W. Cushing, enl. Co. C. Sept. 30, 1862. Prora. to 1st Lieut. Co. 

rj. 125th Reg. Nov. 10. 1862. and to Capt. Co, I, May 18, 1864. Res. 

May 24. 1865. 
William Caughey, enl. Sept. 2,1863. Promoted to Corp. July 3, 1865. 

Mustered out with the Co. Sept. 25, 1865. 
Patrick Donoghue, enl. Aug. 7, 1863. Wounded May 14, 1864. Transf. to 

Vet. Res. Corps, Dec. 28, 1864. Mustered out Nov. 11, 1865. 
Michael Goebel enl. Sept. 7, 1863. Died at Louisville, Ky., May 20, 1864, 

from wound of May 14th. 
Charles Miller, enl. Aug. 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Elden Porter, enl. Aug. 10, 1863. Wounded May 14, 1864. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Richard Roessler, enl. Sept. 5, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Feb. 23, 1865, 

and to Sergt. July 3, 1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
Albert Radel, enl. Aug. 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Gustav Seydler, enl. Aug. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
August Webber, enl. Aug. 25, 1863. Wounded May 14, 1K64. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
David Cary, enl. Sept. 2, 1863. Mustered out May 22, 1865. 
James Prince, enl. Sept. 21, 1864. Mustered out June 24, 1865. 
John Close, enl. Sept. II, 1863. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Jan. 20, 1865. 

Disch. July 19, 1865. 


Alexander W. Cleveland, enr. as Coi-p. Nov. 21, 186.3. Died at Nashville. 

Tenn., March 16, 1864. 
Perry Coon, enl. Nov. 30, 1803. Died at Nashville, May 10, 1864. 
Jacob Fensterwald. enl. Oct. 29, 1863. 

Ernest Lutz. enl. Sept 16, 1863. Died at Loudon. Tenn., March 18, 1864. 
Lewis N. Robinson, enl. Nov. 27, 186-3. Transf. to Vet. Res. Corps Oct. 

20, 1864. Mustered out Aug. -30, 1865. 
William Sleinel. enl. Oct. 21, 1863. Killed at Rocky Face Ridge, May 8. 

Henry Welling, enl. Nov. 27, 1863. Wounded May 14, 1864. Disch. for 

disability Jan. SO, 1865. 
Charles Meeker, enl. March 1. 1-64. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jacob Menen. enl. March 8, 186."). Mustered out with the Co. 


Although the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth was 
enlisted for three years of active field service, it was 
chiefly employed in guard duty within the State of 
Ohio; especially at the posts of Johnson's Island and 
Sandusky — tiie latter becoming, early in 1863, a depot 
for rebel officers detained as jjrisoners of war. 

Two hundred and ninety-nine men from Cuyalioga 
county enlisted in the reaiment, which, on the 25th 

of December, 1863, consisted of but four companies, 
previously known as "' The Hoffman Battalion." This 
battalion had been on duty principally at Johnson's 
Island since 1862, though it had furnished frequent 
detachments for field service — a brief campaign in 
pursuit of the rebels in West Virginia in 1862 being 
a part of the latter work. During its service in guard- 
ing Johnson's Island, the One Hundred and Twenty- 
eighth was actively, and sometimes arduously em- 
ployed, yet its discipline was kept to a high mark. 
While ever ready and eager to take the field, it never 
gained the opportunity for winning laurels in that 
direction, although some small detachments occasion- 
ally saw service. The discharge of prisoners having 
followed the rebel surrender in the spring of 1865, 
the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth left the island 
on tJie 10th of July, 1865, and on the 17th of the 
same month was mustered out at Camp Chase. 



Edward A. ScoviU, enr. as Major Sept. 1, 186^1 Promoted to Lieut. Col. 

Aug. 9, 1864. Disch. March 25, 1865. 
Junius R. Sanford, enr. as Capt. Co. E Nov. 21, 1863. Promoted to Major 

March 25, 1865. Mustered out July 13, 1865. 
Porter Yates, enr. as Asst . Surg. Jan. 5, 1864. Mustered out July 13, 1865. 
Charles C. Starr, enr. as 1st Lieut. Co. G Dec. 22, 1863. Prom, to R. Q. 

M. Feb. 13, 1865. Mustered out July 13, 1865. 


OrviUe P. Foster, enl. in Co. D. Sept. 8, 18S2. Prom, to Hosp. Steward 
Dec. 30, 1863. 


Orlen S. Hayes, enl. as 1st Lieut, and Adjt. Dec. 22, 186:3. Prom, to Capt. 

Co. A June 29, 1865. Mustered out July 13, 1865. 
John Bryan, enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 20, 1865. 
John H. Brodbent, enl. Dec. 24, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 

20, 18155. 
Thomas Burke, enl. Dec. -30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term Feb. 16, 

Frederick Hogendoble, enl. Dec, 30, 1861. 

Peter Lent, enl. Dec. -30, 1861. Died at Sandusky, O., March 30, 1862. 
Marcus Lent, enl. Dec. 24, 1861. Disch. for disability Dec. 26, 1862. 
Eugene D. Jlitchell, enl. Dec. 23, 1861. 
Charles E. Ross, enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term. Jan. 

20, 1865. 
Dewitt Rees,enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 20, 1865. 
William Ryan, enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 20, 

Samuel A. Taylor, enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 

20, 1865. 
Edward F. Wheeler, enl. Dec. 30, 1861. Mustered out at end of term, Jan. 

20. 1865. 
Carlysle Whipple, enl. Dec. 24, 1861. Disch. Aug. 10, 1863. 


Edward E. Y'oung, enr. as 1st Sergt. Dec. 23. 1863. Promoted to Sergt. 

Maj. Dec. 20, IS'il, and to 2d Lieut. April 2. ;S65. Transf. to Co. K 

June 9. 1865. Mustered out with the Co. July 13, 1865. 
Stephen E. Douglass, enr. as Sergt. Jan. 25, 1862. Mustered out at end 

of term Feb. 17. 1865. 
Samuel D. McElroy, enr. as Corp. Jan. 23, 1862. 
Robert Corlett, enl. Feb. 3, 1862. Disch. for disability Oct. 31, 1862. 
Thomas Goudy, enl. Jan. 21, 1862. Mustered out at end of term Feb. 17, 

Samuel F. Smith, enl. Jan. 21, 1862. Mustered out at end of term Feb. 

17, 1865. 
Jacob Wagner, enl. Jan. 30, 1802. JIustered out at end of term Feb. 17, 

Andrew F. Whitman, enl. Jan. 29, 1862. Disch. for disabihty Sept. 

10, 1862. 
Alonzo D. Wilson, enl. -U, 1862. Mustered out at end of term Feb. 17, 

Warren Wooden, enl. Jan. 2.3, 1862. Disch. for disability Sept. 5, 1862. 
Daniel W. Smith, enl. Aug. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 




Eugene D. Jlitchell, enl. Co. A. Dec. aS, ]«(il. Promotefl Dec. SI. 186:i, to 
Sil Lieut. Co. F. ami to 1st Lieut. Co. C, April «. lSi;5. Mustered out 
July 13. in«.i. 


George Hutchinson, enl as 1st Sergt. Sept. .1, IKfiS. Pronioteil t" id 

Lieut. Mustered out with the Co. July 13, iwa. 
Charles A. Hunt, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 10, 1K63. Discli. for disability Dec. 

U. I«U. 
Jonathan B. Tuttle, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 11. isiv.' 
Isaac N. Rogers, enr. as Corp. Sept. 6, 1805 Promoted to .Sergt Dec. 

IT, 1802. 
Hugh Green, enl. Sept. il. 1W3. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out witli 

the Co. 
Charles F. Peck, enl. Sept. 5, 1803 Mustered out June 3, 1S65. • 
Lycurgns M. Poak. enl. Sept. 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ebenezer King. enl. Jan. !>. 1864. Promoted to Corp. June 10, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 13. I8a5. 
Charles C. Campbell, enr. as Corp. Sept. 8. 1863. Mustered out with th9 

Co. July 13. lKG.i. 
Charles M. Ailaras. enl. Sept. 6. lsiJ3. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Edward W. Clark, enl. Sept. 10, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Scott rioane. enl. Sept. 6 1S63. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ambrose M. Gregor. enl. Sept. 9 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
.lacob Miller, enl. Sept. 11. 1803. Disch. for disability Aug. 30. 1863. 
William Phillips, enl. Sept. 10, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
Orlando Stafford, enl. Sept. 8, 1862. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Sherman, enl. Sept. 9. 1863. Mustered out June .3, 1865. 
Lucas Scott, enl. Sept. 9, 1863. Disch. for disability Aug. 20, 1863. 
Orville P. Foster. (See Non-commissioned Staff. > 
Franklin S. Ferry, enl. Sept. 8. 18i53. Mustered out with the Co. July 13, 

William G. Marshall, enl, Sept. 11. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Eli C, Holmes. enr.;as Corp. Sept. 8. 1863. Promoted to Sergt. Mustered 

out with the Co. July 13. 1805. 
Isaac Buskirk, enl. Sept. 8. 1663. Mustered out with the Co. 
I'harles H. Bushnell. enl. Sept. 9. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel O. Crittenden, enl. Sept. 5, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry H. Penny, eid, Sept. 11, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 


Junius R. Sanford. (See Field and Staff.) 

Henry H. Smith, enr. as 1st Lieut. Dec. 31. isos. Promoted to Capt. 

April 33, I860. Mustered out with the Co July 13, 1865. 
Edward E. Young, enr. as 1st Sergt. Dec. 33. 180.3. 
Lorenzo Horn, enr. as Corp. Dec. 18. 1863. Promoted to Sergt. Jan. I, 

18<'i5. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry 51. Crocker, enr. as Sergt. Dec. 1.8, 186;i Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

Slay a. 1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
Homer L, Blair, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. Jan 1. l^iK Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
William H. Railcliffe, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. Promoted to Corp. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Spencer <). .\rnold, enl. Dec. 15, 1803. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Robert Nelson, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. Promoted to Corp. June 1, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
George W. Harland enl. Dec. 18. I.'<ii3. Promoted to Corp. June I. 1805. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Everett E. Taylor, enl. Dec. 15, 1863. Promoted to Corp .lune 1, 18i5. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Manning J. Axtell, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Musrered out with the Co. 
Christian Beier. enl. Dec. 1.8, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William H. Barrett, enl. Dec. 18, 180.3. Mustered out with the Co. 
James F. (^'hapin, enl. Dec. 16, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph H. CarUvrlght, enl. Dec. 19, I81B. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Cole. enl. Dec. 10. INflS. Mustered out with the Co. 
Alonzo Crocker, enl. Dec. 18, 18<;3. Clustered out with the Co. 
Eugene Davis, enl. Dec. 19, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Amos Dodge, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
George L. Dayton, enl. Dec. 31, 18<>3. Mustered out with the Co. 

Eli Emmons, enl. Dec. 18, 18(S. Mtistered out with the Co. 
George W. Ford, enl. Dec. 16, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Goodyear, enl. Dec. 10, 1883. Mustered out with the Co. 

Seneca B. Hickox, enl. Dec. 18, 1868. JIustered out with the Co. 

Danford Hubliard. enl. Dec. 31. 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 

Mark Hebblethwaite, enl. Dec. 19. 186;J. Mustered out with the Co, 

.vdam Hart>vig. enl. Dec. 18. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

lieWitt Leslie, enl. Dec. 18. 186:3. Mustered out with the Co. 

All ner M. Leslie, enl. Dec. 18. isos. Mustered out with the Co. 

Allison D. Lutz. enl. Dec. 16, 1863. Mustered out with" the Co. 

Allen McFarland. enl. Dec. IT. 180.3. Mustered out with the Co. 

James E. Newton, enl. Dec. 18. 1803. .Mustered out with the Co. 

Henry .V. Plato, enl. Dec. 18, 18iy. JIustered out with the Co. 

19 a 

Solomon Parker, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Elijah Percival. enl. Dec. 31, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael F. Palmer, enl. Dec. 16, 1803. Mustered out with the Co, 
George A. Patchen, enl. Dec. 1!>. 1803. Mustereil out with the Co. 
Salmon E. Piatt, enl. Dec. 16. 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Richard Rogers, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. JIustered out with the Co 
Washington G. Read, enl. Dec. 16, 1813. Mustered out with the Co. 
William G. Richards, enl. Dec. 10, 1863. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph H. Redfleld, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
.\Ifred H. Sanford. enl. Dec. 15, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Greenbury Stevens, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Anson H. Silvernail, enl. Dec. 30, 1,803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Gottlieb Steible, enl. Dec. 18. 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
John B. Taylor, enl. Dec. 15, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward H. Thurston, enl. Dec. 14. 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
James M. Weideman, enl. Dec. 18 1813. JIustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Wilford. enl. Dec. 30. 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Sterling Wing. eul. Dec. 18, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Andrew W. Taylor, enl. Dee. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. July 

13, 1805. 
David P. Badger, enl. Dec. 10, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Alvin Cole. enl. Dec. 8, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Demetrius Judd, enl. Dec. 7, 1863. Promoted to Corp. JIustered out 

with the Co. 
John Jlerritt. enl. Deo. 9, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
James L. Oaks, enl. Dec. 8, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas J. Rodgers, enl. Dec. 10, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
James S. Viers. enl. Dec. 1, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Wm. H. Thomas, enr. as Corp. Dec. 8, 1863. JIustered out with the Co., 

July 13. 1865, 
Newton Colson, enl. Dec. 10, 1862. Mustered out with Co. 
Almon Gleason. enl. Dec. 9, 18>3. JIustered out with the Co. 
Daniel Garman, enl. Dec. 10, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with Co. 


Alfred N. Jlead. enr. as Capt. Dec. 31, 1863. JIustered out with the Co., 

July 13. 1805. 
John X. Harrington, i nr. as 1st Lieut. Dec. 20, 1803. JIustered out with 

the Co. 
Henry F. Hastings, enr. as Sergt. Dec. 19, 1863. Promoted to 1st Sergt. 

April 6, 1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
William W. Richardson, enr. as Sergt. Dec. 34, 1863. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
John H. Way, enr, as Sergt. Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out ^vith the Co. 
Edward Thompson, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Promoted to Sergt. April 6, 1865. 

JIustered out with the Co. 
ManleyC. Severance, enl. Dec. 15.1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered 

out with the Co 
Wesley Gill, enl. Dec. 19. 1863. Promoted to Corp. JIustered out with 

the Co. 
.lared Gardner, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Promoted to Corj). Mustered out 

with the Co. 
John H. Harding, eul. Dec. 14, 1863. Promoted to Corp. JIustered out 

with the Co. 
Charles H. Rockwell, enl Dec. 18, 1803. Promoted to Corp. April 0, 1865. 

JIustered out with the Co. 
Franklin H. Hosford, enr. as Musician JIarch 39. isr4. JIustered out 

with the Co. 
ytt') Allbright, enl. Dec. 14, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles \V. Andrews, enl. Dec. 14, 186). Mustered out with the Co. 
.\lonzo B. Akins, enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry H. Akins, enl. Dec. 17, 186;i. Mustered out with the Co. 
.\lfred jVnnis, enl. Dec. 17, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
William W. Beckwith, enl. Dec. 31, 180:i. Mustered out with the Co. 
Orville Barchard, enl. Dec. 18, 18ia. JIustered out with the Co. 
Samuel Barchard, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Tyler R. Curtis, enl. Dec. 19, 18J3. JIustered out with the Co. 
Tobias Cover, enl Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles Cuddeback, enl. Dec. 14, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
William Jl. Carter, eul. Dec. IT. 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Theodore Curtis, enl. Dec. 14, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Cahoon. f nl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William D. Cline, enl. Dec. 19. 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Gardner Cady enl. Dec. 30, 186.3. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Horace A. Durkee, enl. JIarch 7, 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
Adam Filker, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry Frauds, eid. Dec. 17, 1861. Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas Francis, enl. Dec. 17, ISia. JIustered out with the Co. 
Henry G. Greenhoe, enl. Dec. 15, 186.3. Mustered out with the Co. 
William C. Greenhoe, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Greenhoe, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Michael Greenhoe, enl. Dec. 14, 1808. .Mustered out with the Co. 
Merrltt Height, enl. Dec. 19. 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
George Hahn, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
John Hall, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
George Jarrett, enl. Dec. 33, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Franklin Kreesler. enl. JIarch 16, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 



Horace Loucks. enl. Dec. 14. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Charles Long. enl. Deo. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Lewis Langdon, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Mortimer E. Jlorgan, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Joel Slarsh, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Theodore Meister, enl. Dec. 23, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Mastin, enl. Dec. 17, 1883. Mustered out with the Co. 

Corw n Moon. enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out wiih the Co. 

William Matthews, enl. Dec. 18. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Oberlay, enl. Dec. U, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Paul Prince, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Parsons, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Anthony H. Parsch, enl. Dec. IT, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Benj. F. Rockwell, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co 

Peter Reilly, enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

James Randall, enl. Dec 17, 1863. Clustered out with the Co. 

James B. Ruple, enl. Dee. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

George G. Sherart, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Snider, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Romanzo E. Smart, enl. Deo. 17. 1863. Mustered out wiih the Co. 

John Sayer, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

William Sayer, enl. Deo. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Joseph Shaffer, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Daniel E. Thompson, enl. Dee. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Josep h Turney. enl. Dec 17.1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Edwin R Wack. enl. Dec. 18, 1.863. Mustered otit with the Co. 

Henry Wagner, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Vernon Wagner, enl. Dec. 14. 1.863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Julius Walker, enl. Dec. 14, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Myron M. Keith, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Disch. for disability June i, 1864. 

Joseph Beckett, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Disch. for disability June 2, 1864. 

Nathan Bassett, enl. Dec. 12, 186.3. Disoh. for disability Aug. .30, 1864. 

Ezra Furniss. enl. Dec. 17. 1863. Disch. for disability Sept 33. 1864. 

Augustus Silverthorn, enl. Dec. 15. 1863. Disch. for disability Jan. IS. 

Thomas Bark. enl. Dec. 17. 1863. Disch. June 1, 1865. 

Calvin Keith, enl. Dec. 18. 1863. Disch June 1. 1865. 

John B. Lane. enl. Dec. 19. 1863. Transf. to the Navy April 13, 1864. 

Cyrus M. Baloh, enl. Dec. 18. 1.-63. Transf. to Co. A June 29, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 13, 1865. 

John Hubbard, enl. Dec. 18. 1863. Transf. to Co. A June 39, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 13, 1865. 

Ralph Peck, enl. Dec. 17. 1863. Transf. to Co. A June 39. 1865. Mustered 
out July 13, 1865. 

Zachariah O'Xeil, enl. Dec. 13. 1863. Died at Cleveland, O., Feb. 15, ISM' 

Samuel Kenwood, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Killed by accident July 3, 1864. 

George W. Kelsey, enr. as Musician Deo. 14, 1863. Died Oct. 2, 1864. 

Frederick Myers, enl. March 9, 1864. Died Oct. 18. 1664. 

Oliver Rogers, enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Died Oct. 31, 1864. 

Andrew R. Thompson, enl. Dec. 14. 1863. Died May 22, 1865. 

Luther E. Woodworth, enr. as Corp. Nov. 30, 1863. Clustered out with 
the Co. July 1.3, 1865. 

Joseph Lucas, enl. Dec. 8, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John J. Manor, enr. as Capt. Nov. 25, 1863. Detailed for special duty 

. July 10, 1864. 
Charles C. Starr. [See Field and Staff.] 


Henry C. Reno, enr. as 1st Lieut. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Samuel H. Young, enr. as Sergt. Maj. Jan. 4, 1864, Promoted to 2nd 
Lieut, July 26, 1864, Mustered out with the Co. July 13, 1865. 

Thomas W. Gaskill, enl. Dec. 11, 18*3. Promoted to Corp. Mustered 
out with the Co. 

George H. Benlehr, enl. Deo. II, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Thomas A. Carson, enl. Jan. 22, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Thomas J. Hawes. enl. Deo. 11, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 

Andrew D. Holford. enl. Jan. 8, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

William E. Parker, enl. Deo, 11. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

EUisha G. Parker, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Frank Stough, enl. Jan. 8. 1864. Clustered out with the Co. 

Christopher Tostler, enl. Deo. 8, 1863. Clustered out with t!ie Co. 

Henry H. Lincoln, enl. Deo. 17, 1863. Disoh. for disability June 2, 1865. 

Lafayette Stough, enl. Jan. 8, 1.804. Transf, to the Navy April 22, 1804. 

George Wilson, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Transf. to Co. A, June 29, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 13, 1865. 

William M. Dowell, enr. as Musician .\pril 4, 18rj4. Clustered out with 
the Co. July 13, 1865. 


Samuel D. JIcElroy, enl. as Corp. Co. B. Jan, 23, 18133, Prom, to 1st Lieut, 

Co, I, Jan 5, 1804, Mustered out July 13, 1865. 
Edwin B, Fullmer, enl. Deo. 21. 1,863. Promoted to Corp Clustered out 

with the Co. July 13, 1865. 
Elizur Auger, eul. Dec. 21. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John S. Brinson. enl Dec. 31. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

John Bole. enl. Dec. 3.3, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 

Edgar L. Baker, enl. Dec. 10, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Theodore D. Castle, enl. Dec. 23, 1.863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Watson Caley, enl. Deo. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Mark E. Crow, enl. Deo. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

William H. Crawford, enl. Deo. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Henry Carroll, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

George Ernst, enl. Dec. 18, 1803, Mustered out with the Co, 

William H, Garnsey. enl, Jan, 5. 1864, Mustered out with the Co. 

Augustus Heisner. enl. Dec. 6. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Jacob Hake, enl. Dec. 23, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

George W. Keeler, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Major 1. Leland, enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Casper Lutz, eul. Dec. 10, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Alexander Malla. enl. Dec. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

^liohael MoAvoy. enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Peter Mans, eul. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out w-ith the Co. 

Charles E. Perkins, enl. Dec. 10, 1,863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Adam Rivers, enl. Dec. 19. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Darwin Ruple. enl. Dec. 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Henry Sweeney, enl. Deo. 9, 1863, Mustered out with the Co. 

David Sawyer, enl, Dec, 17, 1863, Mustered out with the Co, 

George Salmon, enl, Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Ge. irge Titus, enl. Deo. 19, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

James Turner, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Andrew J. Taylor, enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Thomas Wilford, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Al>raham Wartman. enl. March 6, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 

Lewis H. Campbell, enr. as Sergt. Nov. 28, 1863. Disch. Aug. 30. 1864. 

Arthur O. Griswold, enr. as Sergt. Jan. 7, 1864. Promoted March 27, 

1865, to 1st Sergt.. 
William Inman, enl. Dec. 23, 1863. Disch. Aug. 30, 1864. 

Ora Titus, enl. Dec. 19. 1S63. Disch. May 2. 1864. 

William Roe. enl. Jan. 5, 1864. Died Aug. 29. 1804. 

George Brooks, enl. .\pril 2, 1864. Transf. to the Navy July 27, 1864. 

George Lanaghan, enl. Jan. 5. 1864. Transf. to the Xavj- July 27, 1804. 

James B. Mun ay, enl. Dec. 18, 1863. Transferred to Co. A. June 29, 1865 
Mustered out July 13, l.%5, 

Isaac W. Phillips, enr. as Corp. Dec. 23, 1863. Died Aug. 12, 1864. 

Lorenzo Knapp, enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Transf. to Co. A June 29, 1865. Mus- 
tered out July 1.3, 1865. 

Brown Dewilly. enl. Dec. 4, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. July 13. 1805. 

Henry Sproutbury. enl. Dec. 11, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 

Ezra B. Lee. enl. Dec. 12, 1863. Disch. Sept. 2:J, 1864. 


Thomas C. Cunard, enr. as Corp. Dec. 11, 1863. Promoted to Sergeant. 

Mustered out with the Co. July 13, 1865. 
Lucius C. King, enr. as Corp. Deo, 11, 1863. Promoted to Sergt, April 5, 

1865. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ruel W. Silver, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
Jonathan W. :\Iarvin, enl. Deo. 21, 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Jefferson Walton, enl. Dec. 21. 1863. Promoted to Corp. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
John M. Egbert, enl. Dec. 19. 1863. Prom, to Corp. April 5, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
Morgan Wiseman, enr. as Musician Deo. 11, 1863. Mustered out with Co 
Henry Boleuder. enl. March 9. 18()4. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Carley. enl. as Corp. Dec. 18, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Orlando R. Clark, enl. Dec. 19. 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Madison Glasier. enl. Deo. 31, 186-3. Mustered out with the Co. 
Marks Hart. enl. Dec. 7, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Warren T. Hayes, enl. March 3, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Americus J. Hubbard, enl. Dec. 31, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Silas H. Jennings, enl. Dec. 17, l.'*03. Mustered out with the Co. 
Saumel D. Kelty, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
John Lew. enl. Nov. 28. 1803. JIustered out with the Co. 
Birdsey D. Mudge, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jacob Jleyej-s, enl. Nov. 30, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Ferdinand Reinhart, enl. Dec. 11, 1803. Clustered out with the Co. 
John Schuster, enl. Deo. 19. 1863. Mustered out wtth the Co. 
George A. Smith, enl. Deo. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
James G. Thatcher, enl. Dec. 21, 1.863. Mustered out with the Co. 
George W. Thomas, enl. Deo. 19. 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
James W. Underbill, eul. Deo. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
John O. Underhill, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. JIustered out with the Co. 
Russell J. Wells, enl Dec. 21, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph P. Woods, enl. Dec. 17, 1863. Mustered out with the Co. 
William A. Woods, enl. Dec. 17, 1803. Mustered out with the Co. 
Dudley A. Cozad, enl. Dec. 15, 1863. Disch. June 2, 1804. 
Albert Gay, enl. Dec. 21, 1803. Disch. Feb. 25, 1865. 
Frederick Perrigo, enl. Dec. 18, 1803. Transf. to Co. A, June 29, 1865. 

Mustered out July 9, 1865. 



James W. McNeelen, enl. Dec. 21, 18(3. Died in Hosp. at C'levelaud, 0. 

Feb. 3ii. ISIH. 
Andrew Garloch. enl. Dec. 19, 1861 Died June 15, 1864. 
Richard N. Thompson, enl. Dec. Hi, 1863. Died at Johns jns Island, O., 

Dec. 5. 1864. 
Clinton R. White, enl. Dec. 21, 1863. Died at Bedford, O., May 15, 1805. 
Louis P. Whittaker, enr. as Sergt. Dec. 21, 1S63. Mustered out with the 

Co, July 13, 1863. 



The One Hundred and Twentj'-ninth enlists for jSi.v Months — Thirty- 
eight Men from Cuyahoga— Oft for Kentucky— Capturing Cumber, 
land Gap— A Fight on Clinch River — Hard Service during the Winter- 
Mustered out in February — The One Hundred and Fiftieth Infantry— 
Niue (.'ompauies from Cuyahoga— Sworn in for a Hundred Days— Off 
for Washingt:n— Garrisoning the Forts— Companies G and K m a 
Fight— Clustered out— List of Cuyahoga Members. 


The One Hundred and Twenty-ninth was mustered 
in August 10, 1863, at Camp Taylor, near Cleveland, 
for a service of six months, and included in its ranks 
thirty-eight men from Cuyahoga county, all but one 
in Company E. On the day of organization tlie regi- 
ment set out for Camp Nelson. Ky. , where it was 
attached to the Ninth army corps. 

On the 20th of August the brigade moved to Cum- 
licrland Gap, and after the surrender of that place 
remained there until December 1st, when the One 
Hundred and Twenty-ninth was ordered to march in 
the direction of Clinch river. At the crossing of the 
Knoxville road over that streami t took part in an en- 
gagement with a division of Gen. Longstreet's corps. 
From the 2nd to the last of December, the men of 
the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth were engaged in 
almost constant skirmishing along the line of Clinch 
river, and during that severe portion of the winter 
they suffered many hardships, although exempt from 
the heavy loss of life visited upon other regiments in 
that vicinity. Upon the opening of the year 1864, 
the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth returned to the 
Gap, and on the Ist of February started for Cleve- 
land, being mustered out there in the following 


< Itf.irge L. Hayward, eur. as Lieut. (,'ol. July 48. 186:). Mustered out with 

the Reg. March 7. 1864. 
H. B. Steele, enl. July 31, 1863. Co. I. 8«tl> Reg. Transf. to lS9tli Inf. Aug. 

8, 1863, and made 1st Lieut, and Adjt. Mustered out with the Reg. 

March 10. 1861. 
Gustav C. E. Weber, enr. as Surgeon June 4.3, 1863. Res. Oct. 85, 1863. 
James W. Smith, enr. as Asst. Surg. ^Aig. 11, 1863. Promoted to Surg. 

Oct. 31, 1863. Mustered out with the Reg. 
John Campbell, enr. as .\sst. Surg. Aug. 10, 18<>3. Clustered out with the 



Charles Y. Wheeler, enr. as Com. Sergt. July 15, 186;J. Mustered out 
.Marcli 10, 1864. 


Ed win Taylor (1st Sergt.), Hammond Clapp (Sergt. i, Francis W. Fermin 
(Corp.), John M. Dillon. William Brooker, William Clapp. James Goss, 
Henry Holbrook, Ralph Hopwood, Edward Jones, John Karney, Robert 
Miller, Samuel Plank, Cscar Pease. Robert Parsons, George Robinson, 
Courtney Randall, Florence Reese, Samuel Richmond, .luhu Shafer, 
George Warren, Edward M. Bailey (Sergt.), Watson H. Barkdell (Corp.), 
Charles H. Tuttle (Corp.), Orrin Barber, Walter F. Pumphrey. Oliver H. 
Perry, Charles Scott, Jacob Pickard, John Sly (Died in service i, William 


Charles Luce, enl, .luly 2, isiis. Mustered out with tl>e Co. March", 186) 



Of the ten companies composing the One Hundred 
and Fiftieth, nine were from this county and the 
other from Lorain. The regiment was sworn in for 
a hundred days of service on the 5th of May, 180+, 
and at once left Camp Taylor for ^Yashillgton City, 
where it entered upon garrison duty in forts Lincoln, 
Saratoga, Thayer, Bunker Hill, Slocum, Totten and 
Stevens, which were in the line of fortifications sur- 
rounding the national capital. 

The regiment remained in the forts till the close of 
its term of service, during which companies G and K 
participated in the fight before Washington on the 
10th and 11th of July; having five men killed and 
wounded. The One Hundred and Fiftieth was mus- 
tered out at Cleveland August 23, 1864, after a serv- 
ice of one hundred and eleven days. 



William H. Hayward, Colonel. 
John X. Frazee, Lieutenant Colonel, 
J. Dwight Palmer, Major. 
Thomas Goodwille, Adjutant. 
Herman M. Chapin, Quartermaster. 
J.inies M. Smith, Surgeon, 
Charles F. Dutton, Assistant Surgeon, 
James F. Armstrong, Assistant Surgeon. 


John H. Burton, Sergeant Major. 
Wilson L. I'odge. Quartermaster Sergeant. 
James P. Gardner, Hospital Steward. 
Louis H. Severance, Commissary Sergeant. 
Jackson McLelaud. Chief JIusician. 


Thomas S. Paddock, Captain. 

Joseph .^I. Richards, Second Lieutenant. 

George W. Tibbitts, Firet Lieutenant. 

J. Benton Parsons (1st Sergt), William Morgan (Sergt.), Theron C. 
Baldwin (Sergt. J. EU Ely (Sergt.), George Wilkinson (Sergt), Horace E. 
Dakin. (Corp.). Robert Potter (Corp. ), Benj. W. Smith (Corp. i. Samuel L. 
Allen (Corp.), Pierson D. Briggs (Corp.), Frank E Th.jmas (Corp.), An- 
drew J. .Moulton (Corp.), Lemuel O, Rawsou (Corp.). George E. Dunlon, 
.\llen (.'. Xorth, James M. Allen, Charles E. Brown, John Bruner, Flavel 
J. Bingham, Charles E. Bingham. William M. Barnes. Lewis Black, Jud- 
son M. Brown, George D. Beck, Byron M. Brown, John A. Barstow. A. 
G. Curtiss, Jlichael Carroll, John J. Davis, Albert Dickinson, Charles S. 
Fairchild, Edward D. Fowler, Reuben A. Field. Orlando S. Gardner. 
Samuel N. Goodale. Thomas Guy. Alfred T. Goodman. Frederick Hitch- 
cock, George Hoyt, Charles D. Keeler, Erwin J. Kyser, William Kidd. 
Charles M. Lyman. Henry E. Luce, Thomas D. )laun. Hiram X. McLeod. 
Byi-on L. Mears, William J. McMary, Conway W. Xoble, Jacob G. Oitli. 
Jerome T. Perkins, George S. Paine, .\rthur H. Quinn, Joseph W. Roof. 
Albert .\. Smith. Spencer Skeels. Alfred E. Sterling. George Stevens. 
Royal P. Stiles. Charles W. Santord, Edward D. Sherwood, Sanford D. 
Simmons, .\ustin Thomas. William H. Taylor, Peter G. Van Wie, Frank 
Wade, John i.. Wigman. Theodore L. Wadsworth, John Whiting, Her- 
schell Welton, George Watkins, David S. Whitehead, Chas. L. Doolittle, 
Mendon L. Prentiss, Edwin Taylor, Henrj- Ormsby, Norman B. Pratt. 




John Nevins, Captain. 

John C. Bull, First Lieutenant. 

Arthur H, Barrett, Second Lieutenant. 

John Haas (1st Sergt.), John P. McMahon (Sergt.), William H. Quayle 
(Sergt.), Nathan D. White (Sergt.), Ben.iamin F. Dexter (Sergt.), Lewis 
L. Davis (Corp.), Charles 51. Turner (Cor-p.), Joseph J. Schwind (Corp.), 
James A. Brj'an rCorp.) William Sims (Corp.), Marion A. Shane (Corp.). 
Walter W. McMahon (Corp.), William H. Merrick (Corp.), Isaac A. Tif- 
fany (Musician). Gaston G. Allen. James Brown. AlC. W. Bennett, Albert 
Brown, John W. Ball. William H. Brelsford, Peter J. Bochringer, John 
W. Blake, James G. Blake, William H. Crowl, Richard Carr, John Cow- 
ell, Charles R. Dailey, George W. Douglass, John Douglass, Charles D. 
Foote, Henry C. Fouts, Frederick Fav, Jr.. Andrew J. Farrand, Frank 
Granger. Joseph S. Grannis Philip Grotenrath. James E. Hoag. John G. 
Hasserot, Frederick Hoffman. Albert Hartzell, John Hertzog, George B. 
Hayn-ard, Charles Ingle, Frederick Kintz, Jacob King, John Logan, 
John Lynch, Benjamin Langell, Edward Lindsley. Frank Miller, Jacob 
Martin, Julius Miller, Frederick H. McGinness, Thomas Xeal, Erastus M. 
Norton, Albert Porter, Joseph C. Peterson, Edmund T. Peck, Henry 
Perrine, John P. Proudfoot. Charles W. Parmer. William H. Radcliffe. 
Charles W. Russell. Cornelius L. Russell, Theoeore C. Schenck, William 
N. Stevens, Benjamin Sanford, Michael Smith, William H. Stephens, 
Joseph Spier, Frank Townsend, John Thompson, Samuel Tyler, Arthur 
Wright, Sanford Wheeler. George W, Wilson, David H. Walters, Thomas 
J. Williams, Riall Perkins, Carlos Jones. 


Louis G. DeFoiest, Captain. 

Marcus A. Hanna. First Lieutenant. 

Ebenezer B. Thomas ilst Sergt. i, Henry A. Harvey (Sergt.), Jay C. 
Moise (Sergt.), George W. Chapin (Sergt.), Charles H. Tucker (Sergt.). 
Perry Prentiss (Corp.). John J. Wightman (Corp.), Edward S. Page 
(Corp.), Henry T. Fenton (Corp.), Levi A. Sackett (Corp.), William H. 
Wyman (Corp.). Alex-inder H. Mcintosh (Corp.), George A. Brown 
(Corp.), Marcus Brockway. James Adams, Daniel M. Alvoid, Kirklin 
Alberty, Arthur Ash, George W. Andrus, Charles S. Brainard, Hiram 
M. Brown, George F. Bingham, Edward F. Baker, Titus A. Barnes. Rich- 
ard Bush, Charles H. Cannon, Charles C. Carter, Thomas Cook, David 
K. Clint, Linton Chantberlain, William Crowell, Orlando Carner, Cas- 
sius M. Clark. James 51. Coulter, Harvey H. Cos, Charles J. Dockstader, 
Arthur DeLair, Frank A. Derthick, Louis H. Delano. Charles Foljambe, 
Mark H. Ferris. William Ferguson, Henry J. Ford, Henry M. Fay, Isaac 
W. Gaylord, Charles T. Goodwin, IhomasE. Gill, Thomas Guy, Martin 
Harrington, Daniel Heinde, Edward H. Harvey, Edward P. Hunt, Frank 
W. Hoyt, Augustus F. Hills, Frank W. Hubby, Edward K. Hanscom, 
Richard M. Iddings, William \V. Kimball, William H. Kelley, George C. 
Lyman, William F. Latch, George W. McMillan, Henry E. Morrison, 
Henry E. Meyer, Wilham Morris, Charles D. Morse, Herman Norton, 
Elijah H. Norton, Nathan Payne, Chauncey Prentiss, Luther M. Pease, 
Charles Perkins, Charles J. Price, Andrew Porter, William P. Reid, Lo- 
renzo A. Strong, George W. Segur, Henry G. Segur, Cassius P. Shepard, 
Ashley D. Scott, George E. Stewart, William H. Stillman, Frank B. Sted- 
man, John S. Tennis, Ira D. Thorpe, Edmond Vaillant, Henry J. Virgil. 
Henry P. Wolcott. John W. Wheeler. Thomas Wall, Augustus W. Whit- 
timore. William R. Wall. Louis D. Wightman. William Ward, George H. 
Lang, Robert R. Papwurth, James Lang, Robert Lang. 


John J. Wizeman, Captain. 

Jason Canfield, First Lieutnant. 

George W. Whitehead, Second Lieutenant. 

Alexander W. Davis (1st Sergt.). William Towner (Sergt.), Albert B. 
Smith (Sergt.), Horace S. Pettingill (Sergt.), Howard H. Merriam (Sergt.), 
Jacob P. Urban (Corp.), Xewell S. Cozad (Corp.), S. M. Davis (Corp. i, 
James A. Gibbon (Corp.), O. L. Gayette (Corp.), Carlos M. Sturtevant 
(Corp.), John L. Mcintosh (Corp.), John W. Gibbons (Corp. i, George 
W. Ansley, Samuel J. Baker, George Bell, William E. Bond, Frederick 
H. Bond, Gilbert H. Brayton, Charles C. Brown, Richard Chandler, 
William P. Chard, Frederick Crawford, Henry S. Call. Burton K. Cran- 
dall, Lewis H. Chavalia, Edwin R. Date, Owen Dean, Charles H. Den- 
zer, George E. Denzer, Charles DeWolf, Richard M. Dockstader, Win- 
fleUl S. Drake, William D. Dukes, George L. Englehart, Thomas Ester- 
brook, William H. Earnest, Leonard Finster, Frederick Foltz, William 
S. Foote, Edward F, Granger, Frederick C Haker, Garry L. Hardick, 
George Hester, James B. Higbee, Charles L. Hull, ti arris Jay nes, John 
Jacoby, Henry Krum, Alonz » Lac.v, Merrill W. Lang, John Lan- 
der, Edward Lewis, George H. Macey, Robert M. Murray, Smith A. 
Marvin, William Mottage, Jesse Nichols, Arthur Odell Edwin B. Par- 
rish, Edward L. Pettit, George W. Pettey, Alfred H. Powell, Lorenzo 
C. Powell. Frederick D. Pratt, Edward B. Rawson, Florance Reese, 
Hs-nry Rohrig, James W. Ross, James C. Ryan, James E. Ryder, Francis 
Rhinehart, Ernest L. Schinckel, Wilson \. Shannon, William P. Shep- 
ard, Henry R. Stegman, Charles E. Snyder, John J. Sebastian, Conrad 
Ulrich, Charles M. Vorce, Charles G. Wagner. Hobart M. Walker, 
Joseph S. Wier, Owen B. Wickham, Dudley B. Wick, Harmon J. 

Whaley, Charles J. Wibur, Jasper E. Williams, Edward O. Wolcott, 
John Williamson. 


Joseph B. Molyneaux. Captain 

John G. Parsons, Second Lieutenant. 

Thomas A. Stow. Second Lieutenant. 

Patrick H. CarrcU (1st Sergt.) Judson M. Bishop (Sergt.), Thomas 
Whitehead (Sergt.), George E. Sanger i Sergt.), Michael Scaney (Corp.), 
George Young (Corp.), James Madigan, (Corp.), George Hopper (Corp.), 
William Denham (Corp.), Henry S. Page. (Corp.), George Bedford, 
(Corp.). Theodore B. Newcomb (Corp.), Daniel Ayer, Miles Beebe. Wil- 
liam H. Bush. Charles Brown, Louis Bodey, Erwin Brown, Caleb Billson- 
George Breymaier, George F. Chapman. John Coleman, William Con- 
nelly, Robert Congdon, William H. Date, Charles Dockstader, Andrew 
Duty, Richard H. Davies, Charles Drum, James Dickinson. James Dur- 
can, William W. Ellsworth, Samuel Evans, Joseph Fetger, Frederick 
Glaser, Henry Ganson, William J. Gleason, Henrj- A. Himt, Frederick 
Hempy, James Holly. John Hoffman. Fred. H. .'ones. Casper Kerner, 
Joseph Kreher, William Keller. Thomas B. Kelly, Thomas S. Lane, 
Frederick Lambert, Richard A. Milgate, John T. Miller. Alfred McClaim, 
Leander Mclntyne, John H. 5IcGuire, Russel Markler, William McBride. 
Alanson T. Osborn, Thomas A. Pearson, Harris Parker, Alfred H. Paine, 
Edwin L. Pettit, John 31. Rickey, Thomas H. Speddy, William F. Scot- 
ten. R. Freeman Thompson. Charles Tibbitts, George W. Tufts, John 
Wooldridge, Samuel White. William H. Wadsworth, Henry Walther 
George Warden, William Wilson, Edward J. Woodward, John Yarhous, 
George Johnson, John A. Norton. 


Jeremiah Enswoi th. Captain. 

Edwin C. Rouse, First Lieutenant. 

Charles J. McDowell, Second Lieutenant. 

Frederick C. Farraud 1 1st Sergt.). Joshua B. Glenn (Sergt.), George, 
Spangler (Sergt. ),Chas. B. Fargo (Sergt.), Frederick Weidenkopf (Sergt.), 
Peter Diemer (Corp.), Henry W. Herwig (Corp.), Samuel P. Fox (Corp.), 
Sidney F. Dickerman (Corp.), George PoUyblankfCorp), Chas. P. Vaupel 
(Corp.), John Hart (C'oi-p.), Nicholas Weidenkopf (Corp.). John N. Stew- 
art, Otto Olker, Augustus A. Adams. Jr.. Thomas C. Bentley. Benjamin 
Britton. Frederick Buhne. John Boldy, Patrick Barrett, Johnson J. Bur- 
rows, James H, Bow-les, William Ctu-tis, Wilfred Creighton, Louis D. 
Clarke, George B. Christian, Jo.seph Conke.y, Charles H. Campbell, 
Henry 31. Dakin, Jlyron C. Douw, Henry Davis, Edwa d H. Frank, Saml 
X. Griffen, Wm. 31. Guy Edwin R. Guilford, Wm. A. Hopkins. Christian 
L. Henricle. Geo. W. Hobbs, George Holderman, Joseph Higleu, Albert 
Henry, George Johnson, Gustavus R. Janke, William H. Joyce, William 
H. Keller, 3Ioses Koch. Charles E. Kellogg. Hugh Lowry. Samuel Lock- 
wood. Elbridge J. JlcComber, William 3IcReynolds James 3IcKenzie, 
Samuel 3Ionteverdi, John A. Norton. James L. Newton, John Olker, 
Ivory Plaisted, Stephen B. Palmer. J. Porter Rogers. John J Ruedy, 
John T. Robinson. Iloyd R. Sullivan, William Sanderson, Martin B. 
Scott. Albert T. Slade. William Snyder, Caleb Turner, John C. Wiesman, 
August Wiesman, Martin L. Wright, 3Ioses G. Watterson, Frank Fair- 
banks. William A. Wire. Joseph Anderton, Alfred W. Fell. Frederick A. 
Skeels. 3IichaeI Williams, William Carman. 


W. R. Nevins, Captain. 

T. S. Lindsey, First Lieutenant. 

H. E. Chubb, Second Lieutenant. 

William Warmington (1st Sergt), Charles Purcell (Sergt.), William 
Redrup (Sergt.), 3Iartin House (Sergt.), W. L. Porter (Sergt.), Frank 
Weed (CoriJ.). George Kaighin (Corp.), William JIcNeil (Corp.), T. J. Lutz 
(Corp.). Isaac Ralph (Corp.), Robert Rhodes (Corp.), J. F. Allen (Corp.), 
Ira Sawtell (Corp.), Hoiace Allen. W. W. Alexander. O. P. Ackley. thas 
H. Bennett, Jacob Bennett, N. Bickford, C. Buckmaster, H. U. Bessett 
A. L. Beswick, J. C. Bixby. William Brooks. George Bell, John Crowl, 
George Cunningham, L. Cunningham. Wilbur Curtis, Edward Chubb, 
G. B. Carey, William Caldwell, W. K. Campbell, William Conn, Henry 
Davis. C. C. Edwards. J. B. Eastman, J. A. Eastman, A. B. French 
Louis Fisher, Samuel Folsom, J. N. Goulding, Henry George, William 
Hawthorn, H. A. Hicks. George Henry. A. Hastings. Frank Jones. Ed- 
ward Jenkins. A. Kidney. Charles Kaighin. David Lucas. T. C. Lambert. 
William More, H. C. Jlorse, William 3Iadison, O. 3Iayer, Samuel 3IcDou. 
gal, John 3Iartin, George Neville, W. P. Neeley, B. L. Pennington, S. E. 
Pennington, W. J. Pollock, A. Perrine, Frank Pennrich, J. Quellman, 

C. F. Spencer, Adam Schott, J. E. Stephens, Henry Skinner, H. W. 
Sackett, W. S. Thomas, Charles Tamblue, George Taylor, J. B. Updyke, 

D. Van Druver, Thomas Vickers, H. V. Wilson, C. H. WiUiams, A. P. 
Williams, A. R. Wilcox, H. H. Richardson, L. 31. Reise, D. Rosenkrans, 
J. H. Riskmeier, William Robbins, T. B. Conn, 3Villiam S. Chase. Plim- 
mon E. Bennett. 


Samuel H. Baird, Captain. 
Frank Dutton. First Lieutenant. 
Edwin Dennison. Second Lieutenant. 

James 31. Gates (1st Sergt.), Mather J. Lownian (Sergt.), Charles G. 
Atwood (Sergt), William G. SIcNally (Sergt.), Dan'l T. Carpenter (Sergt.) 



Charles Lothman (Corp.), Daniel B. Andrews (Corp.), Israel B. Heller 
(Corp.). Wilfred H. Tinker (CoiT.), Stillman S. Scolt (Corp.). Ephraini 
Kloch (Corp.). William Button (Corp.), Oliver K. Brooks (Corp.), Jotham 
P. Abbott, John R. Armstrong, Allen T. Biiiistnade, Henrv Bohn, Chris- 
topher Borger. Charles R Butler, John R. Edwards, Myer Ehrlick, Alvin 
L. Emerson. William Ehrlick, James C. Ellis, George Fuller, Daniel 
Fowaigne. John H. Foote. William H. Ferriss, Harvey C. Gifford, George 
R Gale, Kelley N. Huston. Richard Horner. James C. Hall, John H. 
HcilTnieier, Frank Ingraham. Frank Kohn Thomas J. Kahoe. Sanford 
W. Lester John H. McGralh, Charles E. Merritt, James F Meredith, 
.Moses Marx. Edward N. Marx. John Messer. Charles C. Rogers. Jr.. 
Jonas Sloss, Jacob Schnurline, George R. Smith, Brutus E. Stockwell. 
Edgar C. Tinker. Robert Weisman, Michael M. Weiner, Elijah F. Young, 
George Zahn, Albert M. Parker, Darius S. Bowler, Wallace Baldwin, 
Hiram Chapman, Asa H. Chamberlain, Robert Carlysle, Almon Dewey, 
William B. Higby, Lorenzo Harris. John R. Hanford, Orrin Mills, Wil- 
liam J. McConoughey, Rollin R. Merrill, Frank Richards. Moses J. 
Richards, Abel W. Sawyer, Warner E. Smith, Alfred Stevens, Albert M. 
Smith, John F Thomson, Robert Tlionison. S. N. Wilson, Austin Church, 
Solomon H. Gleason, Chester Hill. Frederick H. Dunham, Elijah Sorter, 
George Strong, Vincent A. Taylor, Carlos M. stone 


Edwin Farr, Captain. 

Jonas F. Rice. Fii-st Lieutenant. 

John G. Fitch, Second Lieutenant. 

Harvey Richardson (Corp.), Eli S. Martick (Corp ). Richarad Carpen- 
teriCor]).), .lames E. Parker (Corp. ), CharlesD. Knapp(Corp.), Joseph 
Banimer, George W. Carpenter. Herbert Fitch, Philip Finley. Herbert 
O. Kennedy, George W. Kennedy, Erastus Lilley, David Lewis, Robert 
Lattimer, Roswell McKenzie, Herbert S. Nelson, John Perkins, Cassius 
Stearns, Oscar D. Stearns, Asher Stearns. Henrj- E. Stearns. Comfort 
B. Taylor, Bloomer D. Underbill, i. harles L. Underbill, Albert Wright, 
Wm. Noble, Henry A. Ross, James P. Rice (1st Sergt. ), Junius Sperry 
(Sergt.), Daniel A. Brown iSergt.). Marvin O. Taylor (Sergt.). Charles 
I»oan (Corp.\ Charles G. Atwell, Lester Alexander, Chaimcey Alexan- 
der, Alex. Sorter, John S. Barker, Matthew Berry, Charles C. Bell, 
John M. Cooley, Thomas Clayne, Hiram W. Colton, Benjamin Chap- 
liell, John Colahan, Newell Ford. Lorenzo E. Frost, John Hawkins, Z. 
S. Hall, Reuben Hall, Harvey Knapp. Myron Kellogg, John Kirk, 
Edson H. McCarty. Philip Phillips. Oscar N. Parsons, James ('. Porter, 
James P. Reed, Amos Sperry, Hiram Smith. Jr , Joseph Stocking. Jr., 
George Standen, .ioseph Schillinger, Orpheus Smith. Frederick Tuttle. 
Clark Williams. Thomas Williams, Joseph White. Alfred Wolf, lames 
A. I'otter (Sergt.), Edwin ^lartiek (Corp.), William Andrews, Heze- 
kiah Dailey, Henry Y. Southworth, Martin Sawyer, William T. Sprague- 
Henry Steele, Daniel Winslow. 



Charles F. Lee, enl. May 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. Sept. 9, 1864. 
Benjamin Worthington, enl. May 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 


Cyrus Arnett, enl. May 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. Sept. !), 1864. 
Charles E. Burr, enl. May 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles T. Brown, enl. May 2. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James N. Burdue. enl. May 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William C Davis, enl. .May 2, 18t>4. Mustered out with the Co. 
Carlos Norton, enl. .May i. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 


When and why they were raised— Their Previous Services One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-seventh Infantry— In Teunes-see— A Fight before 
Murfreesboro -Charging a Battery— Services in North Carolina— Home 
— Its Cuyahoga Men— One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Infantry— At 
Murfreesboro. Tullahamo and Nashville — Discharged— The Cuya- 
hoga .Members— One Hundred and Ninety third Infantry— In the Shen 
andoah Valley— Selected as Provost (iuard —Disbanded — The Men 
from t'uyah'>ga— One Hundred and Ninety-fonrth Infantry— In Vir- 
ginia In Garrison at Washington-Mustered out in October- The Cuy 
ahoga List— One Hundred and Ninety-fifth Infantry— .4t Han)er's 
Ferry and Winchester— On Provost Duty at Alexandria— Mustered out 
—Its Cuyahoga List— Men of the One Hundied and Ninety-sixth In- 
fantry—The One Hundred and Ninety -seventh the Last Regiment in the 
Field— Assigned to Ninth Army Corps— On Duty at Washington. Dover 
and Baltimore- Mustered out— The Cuyahoga Men— The One Hun- 
dred and Ninetyeighth—Incomplete— Disbanded and Sent Home— 
The Cuyalioga List. 

DuRiXG the autumn of 1804 and the following 
winter there wa.s great need of men to rcphice tho.-*e 

lost by bullets, disease and other casualties of war, 
yet the National authorities felt sure that with persis- 
tent efiort tlie already tottering confederacy could be 
overturned within a year. They therefore did what 
they had not before done, authorized the raising of 
regiments to serve for one year, to aid in giving the 
final blow to the slaveholder's rebellion. Twenty-six 
such regiments numbered from One Hundred and 
Seventy-three to One Hundred and Ninety-eighth in- 
clusive, were raised in Ohio alone. Nine of these 
contained representatives from Cuyahoga county, 
whose records are given in this chapter. A large pro- 
portion of the men and almost all of the officers iiad 
served in other organizations, so that the regiments, 
though new, were by no means "green," but able to 
play their part with credit from the very first. 


The One Hundred and Seventy-seventh was organ- 
ized at Cleveland in October, 1864, for one year's 
service, and included three hundred and fifty-one 
Cuyahoga-connty men. On reporting to Major Gen- 
eral Thomas at Nashville, the regiment was ordered 
to Tullahoma, where it did garrison duty until Hood's 
invasion, and then marched to Murfreesboro reach- 
ing that place on the 2iid of December. In an en- 
gagement with the Rebels before Murfreesboro on the 
7th of that month the One Hundred and Seventy- 
seventh displayed the utmost readiness for the con- 
flict, and was for a brief period sharply engaged; 
Milroy"s command, of wliich it was a part, charging 
the rebels behind breastworks, driving them away and 
capturing two pieces of artillery. A few days after- 
wards, while on a foraging expedition the regiment 
charged a rebel battery and compelled it to retreat; 
having, itself, eleven men killed and wounded. 

After Hood was driven from Tennessee, the One 
Hundred and Seventy-seventh was ordered to Wash- 
ington, and was thence transported to Fort Fisher, 
N. C, where it arrived on the Tth of February, 1865. 
Subsequently the regiment participated in two attacks 
upon the enemy's works and was engaged in the flank 
movement which forced the rebels to evacute Fort 
Anderson. It also fought the enemy at Twin Creek 
and captured the entire command. Leaving Wilming- 
ton after the surrender of that place, it joined Sher- 
man at Goldsboro, and after the capture of Johnston 
proceeded to Clevelnnd, where it was discharged on 
the Tth of .July. ISH't. 



Arthur T. Wilcox, enr. as Col. Sept. 23, 1864. JIustered out with the Reg 

June 24. I8cB. 
W. H. Zimmerman, enr. as Lieut. Col. Sept. 23, 1864. Clustered out with 

the Co. 
Ernest J. Kraeger, enr. as Jlajor Sept. 23. 1864. Mustered out with Reg. 
George C. Ketchnin, enr. as Adjt. Sept. 27, 1864. Resigned May 20, 1865. 
George B. Huston, enr. as 2d Lieut. Co B. Sept. 7. 1884 Promoted to 1st 

Lieut, in Co. C, Jan. 28, 1868; and to Adjt. May 21. 1865. Clustered 

out June 24. 1865. 
James w Raymond, enr. as R. Q. M. Sept. 7, 1884. Detached as A. A. 

Q. M. upon Gen. Milroys StalT Dec. 19, 1864. 



Sylvester S. Burrows, enr. as Surgeon Sept. 20, 1804. Mustered out with 

the Reg. 
Richard Edwards, enr. as Asst. Surg. Sept. 20, IStH. Mustered out with 

the Reg. 
W. A. Bivans, enr. as Asst. Surg. Sept. 20, 1864. Resigned Nov. .30, 1864. 


Erasmus B. Abt, enl. Aug. 18. 18B4. Prom, to Hosp. Steward April 1, 

1865. .Mustered out with the Reg. 
Herman G. Norton, enr. as Sergt. Sept. 21, 1864. Prom, to Sergt. Major 

Feb. 1, 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
William E. Edwards, em', as Sergt. Co. A Aug. 13, 1864. Prom, to Com. 

Sergt. March 1, 1865. Mustered out with the Reg. 
James W. Wheelock, enr. as 1st Sergt. Aug. 26. 1864. Prom, to Q. M. 

Sergt. Oct. 1, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 
Jacob Markt. enr. as Fiter Sept. 8. 1864. Prom, to Chief Musician Oct, 

24, 1864. Mustered out with the Reg. 

William C. Turner, enr. as 2d Lieut. Aug. 16, ISM. Promoted to Capt. 

Sept. ~, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. June 24. 1865. 
Henry J. Virgil, enr. as 1st Lieut. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Co, June 24, 1865. 
Albeit J. Hamilton, enr. as 2d Lieut. Aug. 19. 1864. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
Arthur DeLair, enl. Sept. 16, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. Sept. 28, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Hugh A. Rowland, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Promoted t<s Corp. Sept. 8, 1864. 

Mustered out with the Co. 
Torbert P. Taylor, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Promoted to Corp. Oct. 9, 1864. 

Mustei'ed out with the Co. 
George Adams, enl. Sept. 15, 1.864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Bisnett, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas J. Baldwin, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edmund Cheney, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Wounded Dec. 14, 1864. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Theodore G. Chase, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Mustured out with the Co. 
Nicholas Croll, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Daniel L. Coe, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Wounded Dec. 14, 1864. Mustered out 

with the Co. 
John Chandler, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Silas G. Fickes, enl. Sept. 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
James Fletcher, enl. Aug. 31, 18M. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jonathan Falor, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Gannon, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Conrad Geiger, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John J. Geiger, enl. Sept. 14, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Daniel W. Hoyt, enl. Sept. 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Russell B. Harley, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Wounded Dee. 14, 1864. Mustered 

out with the Co. 
Henry Helen, enl. Sept. 1. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Philip C. Jackson, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Eliab Karr. enl. Sept. 15, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Leslie H. Kellogg, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. 

Samuel K. Long, enl. Sept. 3, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Thomas Roush, enl. Aug. 19. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry Rose. enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jacob Shoemaker, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Russell M. Shaner, enl. Sept. 5, 1864. Disch. May 29. 1865. 
Allen Shiffert, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Amos Shiffert, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Charles Tollzein. enl. Sept. 1, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry C. Witter, enl. Sept. 2, 1864. 

Eugene A. Wilcox, enl. Aug. 29, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John Bingham, enl. Oct. 4, 1864. Transf. to Co. A, 181st Reg., June 15, 

1865. Mustered out July 14. 1865. 
Simeon Richards, enl, Oct. 3, 1864. Transf. to Co. A, I8Ist Reg., June 15, 

1865. Mustered out July 14, 1865. 
George E. Needham, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Promoted to 1st Sergt. Sept. 8, 

1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
George E. Dunbar, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Daniel Vose, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Promoted to Sergt. March 1, 1865. Mus- 
tered out with the Co. 
George J. Duncan, enr. as Sergt. Aug. 19, 1864, llustered out with the 

Newton N. Cooley, enr. as Corp. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Charles S. Ruggles, enr. as Corp. Aug. 19, 1864. Jlustered out with the 

Horace D. Austin, enr, as Corp. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel E. Gordon, enr. as Corp. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the 

Josiah Browning, enr. as Corp. Sept. 2, 1864, Mustered out with the Co" 
.Thomas G. Rowell, enr. as Musician Aug. 19. 1864. Mustered out with 

the Co. 

Frank M. Andrews, enr. as Musician Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with 

the Co. 
Freeland H, Ames, enl, Aug. 19, 1864. Left in Hosp. March 6. 1865. 
Freeman Brooks, enl. .\ug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Philo S. Bearkle, enl. Aug. 19, 1.864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward F. Brock, enl. Aug. 19, 1.864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Oscar Briggs. enl. Aug. 19. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel E, Brooks, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Wounded near Murfreesboro, 

Tenn., Dec. 7, 1.864. Disch. June 5. 1865. 
William D. Butler, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph L. Brainerd, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Dorsy W. Burroughs, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
John F. G. Cold. enl. Aug. 19, 18C4. Mustered out with the Co. 
Joseph Chambers, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Disch. June 37, 1865. 
Francis M. Cochran, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Edward Cowan, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Patrick Deasy, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Warren Flick, enl. .\ug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Henry 51. Gould, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Hewitt, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Eugene Holbrook, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Hays, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
Isaac J. Isenhart, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 
Samuel Jones, enl. Aug. 19. 1.864. Disch. June T, 1865. 
William Jones, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William D. Jones, enl. Aug. 19, 1854. Mustered out with the Co. 
James R. Kittredge, enl. Aug. 29. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Richard Keegan, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out May 29. 1865. 
Jacob L. Long, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Jefferson J. McJIillan, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
George H, Mendall, enl. Aug. 31, 1864. Disch. May 31. 1865. 
William JlcLean, enl, Sept. 2, 1864. Mustered out with the Co, 
James M. Morse, enl. Aug. 19, 1.864 Mustered out with the Co. 
Osceola R. Pease, enl. Aug. 19. 1864. 

Henry A. Rock, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Oscar B. Ruggles, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Disch. June 12. 1865. 
John Selby, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
William Seymour, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
Francis R. Shattuck. enl. Aug. 19. 1864. Mustered out with the Co. 
Samuel S. Smith, enl. .\ug. 22, 1864. Mustered out July 3, 1865. 
Daniel W. Thomas, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
La Grange Tyler, enl. Aug. 10. 1864. JIustered out with the Co. 
William J, Wright, enl. Aug, 19, 1864, JIustered out with the Co. 
Charles B. Wiggins, enl. Aug. 19, 1S64. Mustered out with the Co. 
Leonard H. Cochran, enl. Aug. 19. 1864. Killed by accident Jan. 23, 1865, 
George Brainard, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Died on Hnsp. Boat Jan 19. 1865. 
Daniel FHck, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Died at Smithville. N. C, May 9, 1865. 
Lafayette Perkins, enl. Aug. 19, 1864. Disch. for disability May 11, 1865. 
James McDowell, enl. Aug, 19, 1864. Disch. May 31, 1865. 
John L. Waldeck, enl. Aug, 19, 18